BLYTHEVILLE COURIER NEWS THE DOMINANT NEWSPAPER Of XOXTSOWK ARKANSAS AND SOUTHEAST MISSOURI VOL. LI-NO. 881 Blythevtlle Courier Blytheville Daily New» Mississippi Valley Leader BlythevUle Herald BLYTHEVILLE, ARKANSAS, THURSDAY, JANUARY 19,1956 SIXTEEN PAGES Except Sunday SINGLE COPY FIVE CENTS Violence Continues In Bombay 9 More Killed Bringing Death Toll to 40 - By B. 8. T. RAO BOMBAY, India (AP) — • Rioters, looters and arsonists surged through Bombay again today, continuing the four-day outburst of violent protest against making the city a separate state. An official government broadcast said at least nine persons were killed by police firing into mobs today/Additionally, one policeman was stoned to death by rioters and several members of one family were attacked and killed in their car, other sources reported. The government report raises to at least 40 the number killed in disorders this week in Bombay state. Parallel Government Officials said they believed the Communists were trying to set. up a "parallel government" under cover of the rioting. Left-wing strongarm men were reported infiltrating the demonstrations from the Satara district. A "parallel . government", was set up in- tha disrlct during the 1942 nationalist outbreaks against British rule. Reponsible citizens made ready to defend ths city. S. K. Patil, Bombay leader of the ruling Congress party, announced a "peace brigade'' of armed citizens would be organized to help the' police combat the flaring outbreaks. Observers said the continuing outburst . was the most serious in recent Indian history. Indian army troops were called out to guard strategic electric and water power installations but they had not intervened so far to help restore order because city officials had not requested it. Unofficial reports said 25 persons were killed and several hundred wounded yesterday. But a government radio broadcast today put the number of dead at 10. Seven persons had been reported Wiled earlier In Bombay state, three in Bombay and four at Balgaum. The biggest concerted - attack came last night in the Sewri slum area, where hundreds of Marathi- speaking Indians battled police. Crowds of demonstrators opened simultaneous attacks at 10 p.m. and police said they opened fire each time. Marathi-language groups make up about half of Bombay's nearly three million population. The other major language is Gujarat!. In New Delhi, n government spokesman said federal authorities were helpless to move in unless Bombay authorities asked army Intervention. Sabotage Sabotage between Bombay and Poona paralyzed rail communication between the major west coasl port and central and southern India. American evangelist Billy Graham, now on a visit to India, said he spent six hours wandering around Bombay yesterday. Asked his reaction to the violence, he replied: "The human heart is the same all over the world, the only difference is in the color .of our skins. I like India because it is a See BOMBAY on Paj« 5 ^yryrrffrn-'- r-~r;. frr -;y -.. , *™M ! >•-; ' I ' • " SNOW TUNNEL - Walnut Street west of Division was a white dozens of snowmen in early-hour construction stage nor more dozens tunnel this morning as four-inch snow clung to tree limbs and with of tightly-packed snowballs hissing through frosty air. (Courier New. its weight forced tJiem to form a ceiling of branches; Not shown were Photo) ' US, Britain Reach Agreement on Steps For Mid-East Peace By JOHN M. HIGHTOWER WASHINGTON (AP) — U. S. and British officials have agreed it is vitally important,to make peace between Israel and the Arab states in the next few months. A joint effort to strengthen, the whole Middle East: against Russia's cold war offensive may take the form of a declaration of hope for peace by president Elsenhower and Prime Minister .-Eden, when they confer here at the end of the month. Preliminary to those sessions, officials of the State Department end the British Foreign Office are windng up today an intensive study of Middle Eastern problems. Not Seriously Upset It appears a maximum effort will be made to bring the Israeli and Arab governments, particularly Egypt, into negotiations. Some of the officials feel the best hope of peace lies in the next few months, since 1 the military balance between Israel and the Arab states has not- yet been seriously upset by the flow of Communist arms from Czechoslovakia to Egypt. ,. . . . The Israeli government is deeply concerned over growing Egyptian military strength. Egypt, on the other hand, needs peace to undertake extensive economic development, a great new dam on the Upper Nile at Aswan. Progress Made Western officials said progress is being made toward ironing out difficulties in the way of Egypt's acceptance of a Brtish-American offer to help get the, dam started. Premier Gamal Abdel Nasser strenuously objected to some terms of the - original Western offer. 0. S. Ambassador Henry Bvroade, who returned to Wash- Mid-East Dangers Are Cited by Eden By SEYMOUR TOPPING BRADFORD, England (AP) — Warning that there is "plenty of dry tinder" in the smoldering Middle East to touch off World War III, Prime Minister Eden said last night fear of nuclear reprisal is still the chief deterrent to global cpnflict. *- ' —-—- Speaking "at a. Conservative« party rally, Eden warned against over confidence that the danger of general war has receded. •'I do not wantjo be misunderstood," he said. "The risk is al-i ways there and~a universal explosion could easily be touched off by hostilities in some critical region such as the Middle East.' "If there is less fear of world conflict today," he s&id, "it is due to the deterrent of nuclear weapons. Remove the deterrent or take risks in pretending the deterrent is not there, .and the world outlook would be terrifying Indeed. , Demand Rejected "The justification for both atomic and, hydrogen bombs is that . they 'are deterrents so awful no country will risk their use against iteelf." In an apparent turndown of Russia's demand for an end to hydrogen bomb tests, Eden said Britain Intends to go ahead with the development of its own H-bomb. "It becomes Increasingly unlikely any' country possessing hydrogen bombs would deliberately use It against a rival power that own* It also," he Mid, tend to 'own It: also." We In- Eden'i speech had been widely viewed ae the" opening «un In a campaign to rebuild his govern•M MD-im M he* * , Czeschin Heads RC Drive in City Charles C. Cueschin has been appointed chairman for the City of Blytheville in the 1956 Red Cross. Fund campaign. He was named by Harvey Morris, chairman of the drive in Chickasawba District. Czeschin is president of the Arkansas-Missouri Power Co. and a member of its Board of Directors. He is president of the Northeast Arkansas Area. Council of Boy Scouts and a member of the Chamber of Commerce and Lions Club. He is a Mason and a Shrlner. Municipal Court Detroit Wilson, a Negro, was fined MO and cost* In Municipal Court today for assault and battery against Lavene Wilson. He admitted striking the woman, not his wife, last Dec. ». Mie WM two week* ington, is understood to have succeeded In having the terms modi- Roads Dangerous, But Snow Provides Needed Moisture A four-inch snow, which sifted down last night, played hob with traffic, assorted meetings and athletic contests to day as roads, already icy from yesterday's sleet and rain, were rendered more dangerous. Except for the roads, however, it was pretty much business as usual. Public utilities reported few diffi- Nearing Vote On Israel Reprimand By WILLIAM N. OATIS DINTED NATIONS, N. Y. (AP) — The U. N. Security Council moved closer today toward a vote condemning Israel's Dec. 11 raid on Syrian outposts northeast of the Sea of Galilee. The attack killed 56 Syrians and.;. : six Israelis. Syria called it aggression. Israel said it was necessary fishing and police boats "on the inland lake, which is inside Israel near the Syrian border. The council was sure to condemn the attack in a formal decision, since all its 11 members had done so in speeches. It had three rival resolutions to choose from. . Third Is Compromise Joza Brllej of Yugoslavia introduced the third as a compromise between the stiffer proposal put in'by-the Soviet Union and a somewhat milder one from the 'Unitea States, Britain France, that the Western observers and feel Soviets _ through their _ resolution are trying to win Arab favor as part of- their current cold war offensive in the Middle East Soviet Delegate Arkady A. Sob- olev said the Yugoslav resolution deserved serious consideration. The Big Three again shied away from the idea that the council should ask Israel to compensate Syria for loss of life and property. The Big Three had termed this impractical. Asks Payment The Yugoslav resolution would have the council say Syria "is en 1 titled to compensation" in the case. The Soviet resolution would have it decide "Israel should pay adequate compensation." ,The Western proposal says that if Israel disregards International obligations hereafter, the- council "will have to consider what further measures are required." At Sob- city's .request,- the words "under the charter" wire added. The same words occur In the Yugoslav document. The Soviet resolution warns Israel another such attack could make her liable under the U. N. Charter provisions authorizing the council to Invoke diplomatic blockade, economic boycott' or even force against an aggressor nation. New Funds Asked For Air Base Here WASHINGTON I* - Two Ar- kansas'allotments totaling nearly 3!i million dollars are proposed In the military building program submitted to Congress today. A new appropriation of 11,534,000 was asked for the Little Rock Air Force Base, one of MM.OOO for the Blytheville Air Force Ba*e, Ten Draftees Report Today For Service Ten men left BlythevUle for Little Rock today to-take military induction examinations. Four failed to report, according to Rosie M. Saliba,. clerk of Selective Service Board. Reporting were Robert Casey Conley, Henry. Author Singleton, Robert Eugene—REbertson, Charles Junior Davis, George Edward Lloyd and Calvin Maxwell Britton, all of Blytheville; Eddie Jones, Frenchman's Bayou; Luther J. Anderson, Osceola; Arlen Elliott Lott, Huffman; and Harold Richard Wilson. Osceola. . Failing to report were Max Jor,don Stout, Luxora; Billle Loyd Gentry and James Smuch Davis, both of Wilson; and John William Turner, Lepanto. Next call will be for two men Feb. 23. culties. But colder weather was due to hi tonight and send temperature tumbling Srom around freezing today to all the way to zero or fivi above . . . adding .to what has al ready been one of the area's tough e'st winters. > ' '•''.'" Official Weather 1 Observer Col Ivy W. Crawford reported four inches of .snow and about-.90 Inch of moisture, part o'f which results from yesterday's rain and sleet. Helps Farms All of which made most farmer and gardeners happier, if not bliss ful. The precipitation broke a 45 day drouth which County Agen Keith Bllbrey termed as "certaims about the driest this area has eve been this time of year." To the hunter, too, it was' gooc news. Ducks, which have been feed ing on drouth-dried beans am grain, have been killed when the; take water and the grain swells. Thousands have died in Arkansa and though the season has ended sportsmen were anxious lest good crop of breeding stock crippled. Arkansas-Missouri power Co. re ported no loss of service due to th ice. Some Phones Out Southwestern Bell Telephone sai. it had 110 phones out in the rura district.. BeU Manager Dick Moore ex plained that ho lines are down but'sdme lines, heavy with ice am wind-whipped, had wrapped ove each other. Service will be restored today, h said. Schools Open Supt. of Schools W. B. Nicholson said there was a surprisingly good attendance in the district's schools today. He said all buses ran and though things were rather slow, "we're ver; pleased there were no particular dif ficulties." School will be closed tomorrow but not because of the weather. End of fall semester will fim teachers working on records, Nich olson said, stating the closing customary. i Eisenhower Voices Full Faith in Dulles But Refuses to Take Part In 'Brink of War' Issue WASHINGTON (AP) — President Eisenhower today voiced complete faith in Secretary of State Dulles but declined to get into the controversy over Dulles' "brink of war" interview. Eisenhower told a news confer-*- ence he has not read the Life magazine article in which Dulles was quoted as saying administration policy has prevented war in Asia ,o get to the verge without getting hree times and that "the ability into the war is he necessary ar." Must Stand Firmly : Eisenhower said his own view is that, in waging peace, the country has got to stand.firmly on essen- ,ial matters. And if that brings on the danger of a conflict because of aggressive actions by others, he said, you can regard that as a brink. Nonetheless, Eisenhower said, when it comes to war he would go aefore Congress and say what he bought. Before the President stated his views Sen. 'Humphrey (D-Mirm) said he and other Democrats "will pursue our eforts to get a clear outline of administration foreign policy." Two Republicans sometimes critical of certain aspects of administration foreign policy joined, meanwhile, in defense of Secretary of State Dulles' views as set forth in a controversial Life magazine article. It quoted Dulles as saying Eisenhower -administration policy prevented -war in Asia on three occasions, and as saying "the ability to get to the verge .(of war) without getting into the war is the necessary-art." Wihout disclaiming any of the direct quotations attributed to him Dulles told a news conference Tuesday' that the article was necessarily oversimplified in its emphasis on some aspects of foreign policy. He said too that it gave him undue credit. Supported Dulles Senate OOP Leader Knowland of California took toe Senate flooi late yesterday to-support Dulles saying, "The idea of preventing war by preventing enemy mis calculation is basic and funda mental to peace." And Chairman Bridges • (NH) o the Senate GOP Policy Committee like Knowland en occasional critic of Dulles' actions, told a TV interviewer he was in full agreemen with Dulles that the United States "must take calculated risks for Humphrey, in an interview, stuck by his claim that Dulles made "a catastrophic mistake that Is having worldwide repercussions." "We ought to have a clear state ment from Secretary Dulles as to Just what our foreign policy is, he said. "If he expects bipartisan support, he ought to let Congress know what course this governmen intends to pursue." There was no immediate suppor for the observation by Sen. Wiley (R-Wis) that "this current con troversy will blow over soon. Wiley said, "It is largely a politl cally inspired attack, based on distorted phrases and misunder standing." . Knowland said he is at loss to understand Democratic attacks 01 the Dulles interview unless the secretary's critics want to serve notice on Russia .this country does not intend to keep its commitments to come to the defense of its allies. "Whenever a potential enemy pushes to the point where war is a likely possibility, we owe it to ourselves and to the cause of peace to make clear what our intentions are " Knowland said. "That is not to seek war; it is to prevent it. 1 Blamed Truman And Sen. Bender (R-Ohio) saic in a statement that "colossa blunders" by former Presidem Truman and his secretary of state Dean Acheson, resulted in See DULLES on Page 5 * * * this Okays Primaries But 1 : Ike Says He's Still Undecided WASHINGTON (AP) — President Eisenhower said today he has no objection to entry of his name in the New Hampshire or presidential primaries in other states. But said he still has not made up his mind whether to run for a second term. Eisenhower told a jammed news conference—his first in Washing- toi since before his September 24 hear attack—that he will announce his decision "as soon as it Is firmly fixed In my own mind." He added: "I shall strive to see that It Is based as to my best judgment on the good of our country." Anticipating a barrage of political questions at this first Washington . meeting with newsmen since last Aug. 4, Eisenhower came to today'* ootJerence wlUi a prepared statement dealing with his political future. • Official Reply It was in the form of an official reply to formal notice that his name has been entered in the March 13 New Hampshire presidential primary the nation's first. It-was a whopping victory to New Hampshire which gave El- senhower his first big boost toward the Republican presidential nomination four years ago. In addition to the New Hampshire primary, his name already has been entered this year in the one to be held In Illinois April 10. Petitions by New Hampshire citizens entered Elsenhower's name In that state. In his reply to formal notice of the action ,the President said he was grateful for their confidence and added: "I do not (eel I should iateqtoM My objeoUoa to eueb en- try." Included All His statement dealt only with New Hampshire. But later in the conference, Eisenhower said in reply to a question that he would take the same stand—that is, .he would have no objection—to entry of his name in any of the state presidential primaries. Here'is the text of Eisenhowers telegram to the New Hampshire secretary of state, which he read at his news conferece: "The Honorable Harry E. Jackson "Deputy Secretary of State "State House "Concord, New • Hampshire "I have your courteous telegram of January fourteenth, advlslnj me that petitions have been filed at your office which qualify my name for inclusion on the preslden tlftl 'preference primary ballot 8w 1KB on rate I Mrs. Reyes ... 200 pesos a month. In Philippines Schools Have Same Problem—Too Many Kids, Little Money By JIM COOPER Courier News Staff Writer Although it may be of small comfort to Blytheville Pub- hool teachers, they "have it good" salarywise when com- lie School ........ pared to instructors in the Philippine Islands. High School teachers there, like* Mrs. purlficacion J. Reyes, earn 200 pesos a month. It takes two pesos to equal a tJ. S. dollar, so that places their salary on the $100 a month level. Mrs. Reyes is visiting Blytheville High School on a U. S. Department of State grant from Manila, P. I. "Of course, the cost of living in Manila Is less than it is here," she said in an interview, "but it is not enough lower to make salaries compare favorably." 3 Fortunately for home finances, her husband is superintendent of schools at Quezon City, a 10-minute drive from Manila. There were 12 Philippine English teachers who made the trip to the United States last August to study American teaching methods. Mrs. Reyes is supervisor of English in Manila High School. English is possibly the most important subject taught in Philippine schools. For English is the basic language in the school system. All instruction is rendered in English, although the students speak Tagalog among themselves or one of that language's nine major dialects. The English-speaking era in Philippine schools is ending, Mrs. Reyes said. Under United States' political control, the school system there was potlerend after that of this country. Since independence, however, a transition back to the natlve-way- of-life is being undertaken. Plans call for ending" the English-speaking base for Philippine classes by 1960. English, after that, will be taught only as a major subject. How do schools in the United States, particularly in Blytheville, differ from those in Manila? The problems we are experiencing nationwide are shared by our S«c SCHOOL on Page 5 $600 in Damages Sought In Court A $600 damage suit was underway in Circuit Court today, resulting from a collision last Aug. IS on South Highway 61. Earl Knlpple, owner of a car driven by Mary Lou Knipple, filed the action against Alfred Byrd, owner of n tractor-trailer, driven by David R. Jones. Plaintiff accused Jones of negligent driving, causing a collision. Yesterday, Judgment for Virgil Brown was entered against Ralph Nichols Sr, and Ralph Nichols Jr. In a suit for damages in a car accident. i No cases are scheduled for tomorrow. Court resume* Monday. Moxley Pays Up Building Pledge W. L. Moxley today paid his $500 pledge to the Blytheville Company saying, "It is a wonderful cause." Suit was filed in Circuit Court yesterday against Moxley to collect a pledge he made to the campaign which resulted in location of Central Metals Products Co. here. Moxley said, "I would like to apologize to the Blytheville Company for being so tardy in payment. I will always help on any campaign that will promote Blytheville.'" 'The Blytheville Company has Indicated it may file suits on some 50 other pledges which are listed as delinquent. Yesterday, it also filed on Roy Woods. Boy Scout Meet- Is Called Off Mississippi County District Boy Scout meeting .scheduled for Osceola tonight, has been postponed. Scout officials said today expected condition of roads tonight led to postponement. A date lor the meeting be Weather NORTHEAST ARKANSAS: Slow clearing this afternoon and tonight, colder tonight. Friday clear and a little warmer Friday afternoon. High this afternoon, mid 30s; low tonight 5 in some northern localities .with heavy snow cover, otherwise 15 to 20. MISSOURI: Cold wave warning southeast and extreme east; fair west considerable cloudiness east this afternoon with snow ending extreme east; not so cpld extreme west; mostly clear tonight; colder east and south with cold wave southeast and extreme east with temperature falling to zero to & above south and to zero to S bo- low north by Friday morning; Friday fir; little warmer west; high 20a east to near 30 west. Minimum this morning—19. Maximum yestordny—33. SunrlBG tomorrow—7:05. Sunwt today—5:17, Moan temporaturo—31. Pr«clpltatlou M houri (7 «.m. to f «m.)—.00. Precipitation Jan. 1 to d«l»— mm*. Thli U«tt Lut X»r Mailmum jMtenUr—U Minimum thl< mornlnif-W. PlMlplUUOO JU. 1 W Hit*—.H.
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