J A C II S O M I L L E " it E r B L I c A ar . X, I'd. I. wi his first cure to hurl overboard all his bags of j vaiiaii. iie am not stop to untie them, and pour out the sand to avoid damage to more earthly-min- ucu nonces man nis own, but pell men they went, j lifce so many meteoric, stones, whirzing to the earth. Several Dutchmen were laboring in the field below. A sand bag bursting to pieces s it sirucn trie eartlt ne ar them, caused them to raise their eyes and shout, as they saw the Evil One, as they verily believed, making a stoop directly upon them. Implements of husbandry were instantly dropped, and. spite of his peril Clayton was forced to laugh, when he saw how like drum- sticks their heels beat the earth as they tcattered . : 11 j: tt i ' ... in mik vinculums, nursc-a anu cows joinea in me general consternation, their tails and heels aloft, and made the air resound with their snortings as, iney nurnea away, fortunately lor Clayton, smaJ fruit-tree broke his fall with its yielding branches, and he escaped with a few slight bruises. The Dutchmen, after surveying him from a distance, became at last convinced that he was! but a man, and hot the Evil One, and went at once to his assistance, took him home with them, bound up his wounds, and feasted him luxuriously on sour-crout. Boston Tram, . Translation from the Litterature Fraincaise. IMPORTANT CHEMICAL DISCOVERY. We are, in France, on the eve of a new kind ot revolution, which will, without doubt, make the tour of the world. Chemists have just dis covered a process by which they can remove writing from any paper without leaving the sligh test mark which might lead to the suspicion of fraud. JNo ins can resist the powerot this compo sition, and no kind ol paper can retain the character it bears, l hat the government might be satisfied of the dangerous nature of this discovery.a chemist went to me preiecture ol police, and requested a passport for a stranger, which was granted immediately. The next day the same chemist went to the house of the prefecture himself and showed him a passport in blank stoned with his own hand. I "It was only yesterday" said he,' 'that this passport was given me at your office; and if this is the way the police conducts, no wonder that Don Carlos could traverse from one end of France to the other in order to reach Spain!" The prefect, astonish ' ed sent for all the agents of his office, ' All denied that they ever delivered this unfortunate passport; but they finally agreed that it was certainly the signature of the prefect which it bore, the particu lar kind of paper which was used in the office of , police, and the royal stamp with which it was ry, of deposition from office, &c, when the chem- ist appeased the anger of the prefect and the f fears of his agents, by explaning the means which he had used to remove the writing. One of the hrst bankers ot the capital maintained that the act of washing alone, by the means of which a written paper should be returned to virgin white ness, would leave some marks by which it could be detected. I he same chemist, who was in e pistolary correspondent with this banker, took a letter which he had formerly received irom him. removed the writing by composition except the signature, wrote above it acceptance for a hundred francs, payable to the bearer. This acceptance was presented to the cashier, who paid it imme diatly, and the Banker was convinced that he him self should have taken it. The public treasury has suffered by this discovery. In fact, the sale of stamped paper is not near so large as before, for any one may restore by means of this wash, leaving the stamp, &c, old papers which are no longer ot any use. several chemists are now oc cupied in preparing an ink which shall be proof aeainst this terrible discovery. In the mean time government has changed its stamp. The new ones bear the cypher of the year, and must all be re newed on the first of January. UOW A MAN FEELS WHEN ABOUT TO GET MARRIED. to represent but en the contrary, believe they will find it a source of prot, and be able in a lew years to supply the entire tie mand for sugar in Illinois. The labor of one man and horse for 12 mont!,3 will tend five acres the produce of. winch will amount in tne aggregate to ni least one hundred tons and manufacture it. The beet will yield about 10 per cent, of. sugar, which i3 2000 pounds per ton; making 20,000 pounds- of sugar from five acres of ground; which at the rate' of five cents per pound, would amount to glOOO! It is estimated that the value of the beet after the ausrar is extracted, for fattening cattle, is fully equal to the cost of its manu lacture. , The company, it seems, contemplate the cultivation of the mulberry tree, for the manufacture of silk and the raising of the Sun-flower seed, from which a large quanti ty of oil can be obtained, almost, if not quite equal in quality to the best olive oil. One bushel of seed yields abaat two gallons of oil, and is as easily extracted as the oil irom flax seed. Our soil is admirably adapted to both these objects. : The did Firm The Philadelphia Led ffor, in talking ot steel pens, says "lhe pens ht tor writing, are those manulacturcu by Messrs. Goose Gander & Co." Encouraging. One of our Express slips from New Orleans contains the following! cheering annunciation: "Jvo Murder com mitted last night!;.'" - Vjuite a subject ot congratulation, truly. Scientific Nature of Lynch -Law. Sam Slick, the Yankee humorist, described this' popular law to be defined by "hanging a man out side a church steeple, to see if it is perpendicular." It & said to be a ser'ws thing tor a girl to leave iier mamma and entrust herselt to the Keeping of the man of her heart. No doubt it is so but we propose to show that even the sterner sex cannot surrender up their single ness without some ralggUings ana irepiua tion. In the first place then, the victim of matrimony feels that he must surrender up the com pan ions with whom he has so long held close communion; his evenings instead of being spent at the club or the engine house must be devoted to the charming young creature, whose guileless heart' must find him very different from that to which he has been ac customed. But this is not all; he knows that after he has become bound in the silken chain of marriage, he is no longer a welcome visitant in those circles where while free, wreathing smiles and glaring eyes, strove to weave a net tor his ieet. lie knows that while a bachelor is welcome wherever he goes, a married man is regarded as one dead! crossed off the books and no longer an available to the fair. In addition to all these unhappy circumstances, he has become the head of a family. "Then throng the busy shapes into bis mind' of silks and calicoes doctor bills and duns for debts that he has never reaped the benefit of, - Like the horse' in the mill, he has a task to perform for oth ers. He is no longer free to embrace povertv or wealth. No wonder then that the young batchelor looks when the hour ol his enthrall-ment draws near. No wonder that with an angel at his side, he looks woeful. , ... 9 44"-- ' From the Richmond Enquirer DEATH OF NATHANIEL MACON. The Warrenton, N. C. Reporter of Saturdy last, comes shrouded in mourning for the death of one of the most virtuous and illustrious men, who graced our country. The Reporter anounces the mealancholy inteligence in the following simple, terms: .- "It is with feeling of deep regret we have to an nounce the death ot the Hon. NATHAM&L MACON. He departed this life at his residence in this county, on I hursday morning last the 29th of June, in the 83d year of his age." I he whole nation will sincerely share in this deep regret. Mr. Macon was one of those patriots who nil a vast space in the nation, s eye. He was a longtime a member of Congress from the State of North Carolina. He was in the House of Representatives in the trying crisis of '98 99 and for manv years afterwards. He was once Snriitrr of the House and he subsequently served as a member of the Senate of the U. S. At all times he was the firm Republican the pure patri ot tne excellent citizen honest man. JNo one ever more completely realized elevated character oi tne Koman poet, "Justum et tenacem firoliomti virum." But we , forbear we leave it to abler- pens to do justice to Nathaniel Macon.; , i lie was the bosom friend of Jeftersat and ofi Madnson no one was more dwofed to him than John Randolph no one Aad formed a loftier opin- . . .... ion ox niro j.ian at aia upon me most intiimite ac-gwntance. In the paper which he wrote for his last will in January, 1832 he leaves the following memorable tribute in honor of his friend: "To Nathaniel Macon I civc aiid bequeath mv oldest high silver candlesticks, mv silver punch ladle with whalebone handle, a pair of silver cans with handles, and my crest engraved thereon my hard metal dishes that have my crest J.R, in i ...v. u busmivu uivi Ul.lf lilt. nlates -witn the same , engraving, the choice ol ble paper money of other States, and prevent the issue ot paper money aiiion;, ui..v we shall pcedily lose our specie curroncy, and wan u an mui p !"- 'v -j now uuUi us the wonder and admiration of. .... ,.nu. iin ti.ir viuiru fill,1 Kijtirc. over iinTviii-i uioi.iuni. nninij"u ,;i,i Tho Federal Government is now paying !umer the constitution,, has been comjiicu the penalty, for a second tune, of its connex ....! in the course of a fe days, com faUfl.onx 5 to 10 it is amiciiMLcu . . , or 12 percent. 1TEHESTLNG TABLE. ; Tho following chronological list o the inle Ollkers ot thO V. D. uovein-irn tour the of my best you.-: marcs and geldings, and gold watch by RoskC.H, that was Tudor's with the gold chain; and may ever? blessing attend him, the best and purest and wisest iU.an that I ever knew." LETTER FROM MR. BENTON. St. Louis May 31, 185T. Dear Sir: I havo just received your let ter of the 5th inst. enquiring, at the instance ot our political mends in Jackson county, whcthei it would suit my convenience to vis it the county before my return to v aslunp: ton and to receive from them the compliment of a dinner. In answer to your enquiry,! I have to say that it was my intention to have gone through the State generally this summer, and especially to the western lim its; but I have been detained at home by the dangerous illness ot my aged mother. lhal illness still continues, and its termination remains uncertain; so that I cannot make any engagement about leaving home, abrid ged as my stay will bo by the convocation of Cengress for the nnnth of September. If it should be in my power to be in your county this summer, I should do it with'aj great deal of satisfaction for the purpose ! meeting and seeing my constituents generally, but without accepting the honor of a-public dinner. j On my arrival at home tins spring, it ar- ion with the paper system, she has lost iieij revenues; but that loss need not continue! long, thanks to Virginia and tho Statcs bestowed the national domain, thanks to- Jefferson who acquired Lonisian, and to Jncksjn who 1ms supplied the pcoplo with eighty millions of gold and silver. These, Lmds are now our resources, and will quick-. ly render the government independent of banks and sustain it lor many years io tome An hundred millions of acres of old survey- td lands in tho settled parts of the Statesj and Territories, only wait for graduated prices, according to the timo they have been in market, to sell immediately. It will doubtless bo the first business of Congress to malic this great fund immediately avail able. Many millions ol newly surveyed lands are ready for market, and only wait tho proclzniation of the President to yield SI 25 in barn money tor all the goou tracts. General Jackson kept thorn out of market last year on purpose to save them from speculators atd paper money; they will now go to the occupant settlers, to whom tho 1 reas-ury Order is a complete protection against speculations, and will be paid for .in gold and silver. Here aain we see the wisdom and patriotism of that great man in saving these lands last summer. JJcsiues the old and new surveyed lands, we have many millioni of acres yet to survey, for the speedy survey ina: of uhich Consress can immediately pro vide. We havo lauds enough then to sup port the; government for many years to come. and we have hard money enough in the coun ty to enaulo the people to buy it. 1 he eighty millions of gold and silver which Gen. Jackson' policy has accumulated in tho coun try, will furnish amide means for purchasing the lands, and sure 1 am that our patriotic population will prefer beneficial investments of their money in lands, for the enrichment ot themselves and the support of their own government, to the exportation of that mon ey to England to tho impoverishment ofj themselves and the support ot the Brush hanks and government. ' How great is the debt of gratiture whicl the country owes to General Jackson ! Even aftci he has retired from power, his wise measures are still the means of saving the country.- His accumulation of eighty mill ions of spicie makes the national domain' now available for tho support and preserra tion of the government. If wo had no more than the twenty millions which was all that the whola Union possessed at the veto Session of 1S52, we should now be able to draw a revenue from the national domain: with our eighty millions we can easily do it, and so practically teach tho country the great lesson, that we can do infinitely better with out paper money banks than with than. 1 hese eighty millions ot specie will also furnish the mints with ample material for the coinage of silver change, and will enable the public sentiment to extinguish the pes- tilerous issue oi paper chance. The stoppage of the banks in this season of, peace and tranquility, with four times as much specie in the country as ever was in it before, is the killing of the paper system by its own hand. So strange a stoppage. so causeless, so rapid, so universal, siiocKS anu astounds tne public mind: and eery day's deliy in return to specie pay ments goes to extinguish confidence in the whole, to confound the solvent with the insolvent, to carry the evils of a paper curren cy home to the people, and to prepare them! for the adoption ot the system winch the wisdom or our ancestors provided tor us in our own glorious csnsuti'tion. I shall leave here in Ausust for" Washing ton, and hope that we shall economise ?uus, pass tho bills which the exigency of the occasion requires, postpone all lung speeches to the long session, and finish all that we have to do in two or three weeks. Respectfully, your fellow citizen, THOMAS II. BEXTON. Smai.lwooii V. N.oLAsn, Esq. Jackson Comity, Mo. 1829 issr irS9 irsr 1801 1905 1813 i8ir 1825 1833 1837 from authentic sources, anu may -ting to many, a a convenient documentfoi reference: 1 Presidents. ' 17-39 George Washington, of Virginia. 1797 John Adams, of Massachusetts. 1801 Thomas Jefferson, of Virginia.' 1809 James Madison, j- do. , : 1817 James Monroe, - do. . 1825 John Q. Adams, of Massachusetts, j Andrew Jackson, of lennessee. Martin Van Burn, of New York, t J ice Presidents. John Adams of Massachusetts. Thomas Jefferson, of Virginia. Aaron Burr, of New York. George Clinton, do. Elhiidsra Gcirv. Massachusetts. Daniel D. Tompkins, of New York. John C. Calhoun, of S. C. Martin Van Buren, of New York 11. M. Johnson, of Kentucky. . : Secretaries of State. ' 1789 Thomas Jefferson, of V irginia. Edmund Randolph, do. SUGAR COMPANY IN ILLINOIS. At the' late session of the Legislature of forded me the greatest gratification to fiiidj our otate enjoying a groat anu solid prosper-! ity, and wholly free rom the evils which the: Illinois, a company was incorporated for tliej purpose of manufacturing sugar from the beet. Tho capital stock is 20,000, with lihertv ta increase it to 200,000, and the works are to be located at Edinburgh in San-gamo county. The following from the San-gamo Journal, published at Springfield, the recently established capital of tho state, shows the estimation in which it is held in that region. "The prominent object, we understand, i the manufacture of Sugar from the Beet; and from all we can gather from the reports. made by Companies in f ranee and the United States, who havo fully tested its practi-j cability we are very far from regarding it as a visionary project, as many are disposed paper system has brought upon so many parts. of the Union. Me have had no bank, and the rich fruits of the exemption are now seen in the prosperous and happy condition of the people Hard money has done for us what it has done for Holland and France given us solid, permanent and diffused -wealth. with happiness ana tranquility; paper monej It is strango that the Whigs always feast! and .frolic durins pressures and "nanies! Mr. Webster moves along, eating, drinking,! making merry and making speeches, tooj against the policy of the administration and the Government of his country! Well, this is nothing new in Webster. Let us remem ber, however, h w many poor people might in these times of dearth been led on these ixty bacon hams, twenty-five calves, thirty sheep, and several heifers, all of which were! slain before their time to feast the palate of tne iiosion senator, calculate, too, how much blood will be stiilt if Mr. Wnlistm goes on eating and drinking at this rate uirougn nis wnoie tour 94 1795 Timothy Pickering, of renn. 1800 John Marshall, of Virginia. ' 1801 James Madison, , do. . ;, 1802 Robert Smith, of Maryland. - 1811 James Monroe, of Virginia. 1817 John Q. Adams, of Massachusetts. 1825 Henry Clay, of Kentucky. 1829 Martin Van Buren, ot New 101k. 1831 Edward Livingston, of Louisana. John Forsyth, of Georgia. Secretaries of the Treasury. Alexander Hamilton, of New York. Oliver Wolcott, of Conncticut. Samuel Dexter, of Massachusetts. Albeit Gallatin, of Pennsylvania. George W. Campbell, of Penn. Alexander J. Dallas, - do. William II. Crawford of Georgia. Richard Rush, of Pennsylvania. S. D. Ingham, -. do. Louis McLane, of Delaware. Win. J. Duane, of Pennsylvania. Roger B. Taney, f Maryland-Levi Woodbury, ol'.N. Hampshire. Secretaries of War. Henry Knox, of Massachusetts. Timothy Pickering, of Pennsylvania, 17SG James McIIenry, of Maryland. 800 bamucl Dexter ot Massachusetts; Roger Griswold, of Connecticut. Henry Dearborn, of Massachusetts. William Eustice, do. John Armstrong, of New York. . W..II. Crawford, otGeoreia. Isaac Shelby,' of Kcntuckv.fdid not accept.) John C. Calhoun, of South Carolina James P. Barbour, of Virginia. Peter B. Porter, of New York John II. Eaton, of Tennessee. Lewis Cass, of Ohio. ; Secretaries of .Vary. George Cabot, of Massachusetts. Benjamin Stoddart, of Maryland. Robert Smith, - do. Jacob W. Crowninshield, ol Mass, bmith lhompson, of New York, Samuel L. Southard of Now Jersey John Branch, of North Carolina. . Levi Woodbury, of New Hampshire. Mahlon Dickinson, ot New Jersey. . Post-master General. Samuel Osgood, of Massachusetts. Timothy Pickering, of Pennsylvania 1795 Joseph Habersham, of Georgia. 1802 Gideon Grainger, of Connecticut. 1814 Return J. Meigs, of Ohio. 1823 John McLean. - do. 1829 William T. Barry, of Kentucky. Amos Kendall, - do. . Chief Justices of the Supreme Court. 17S9 Jh:i Jay, of New York." ir?C William dishing, of Massachusetts. 179G Cl'ver Ellsworth,, of Connecticut, John Jay, of New Y'ork. John Marshall, of Virginia. Roger B. Taney, of Maryland. Attorney General. Edmund Randolph, of Virginia. nuiiam uraoioni ot Pennsylvania.; cnaries Lee, ot irginia. Levi Lincoln of Massachusetts. Robert Smith of Maryland. John Breckenridgc, of Kentucky. Caesar A. Rodney, of Delaware. 1811 William Pinckney, of Maryland. 1814 Richard Rush, of Pennsylvania. 1817 William Wirt, of Vireinia. 1829 John McPherson Berrien, of Georgia 1831 Koger B. Taney, of Maryland. 1831 Benjamin F. Butler, of New York. 1789 1799 1801 1802 1811 1814 1817 1825 1829 1831 i 1789 1795 1801 1805 1809 1813 1815 1817 1825 1828 1829 1831 1789 1798 1802 1805 1828 1829 1829 1831 1789 1701 1800 1801 1789 1794 1795 1801 IS05 1S0G 1807 nf nn immenin rnnrnnpa. .... bled from all parts of tho ly, eral city, Mr. Van Buren anti j." sor (General Jackson) wen same chariot to the capitul. 'ri!'r"! tended by the authorities of the retJ.v their places under the portico tt"' edifice. ' The newly elected IVs having taken the oath of eluc'i'f people, and at their hands, dcli, !i imposing attitude his inaugural Ji which he explained the principles f he would bo guided during l,js po gistracy. ; The swelling mm-received the oath and tho addifj. J Van Buren, covered at that moment il!, mit of the hill on which proudly (0, capitol of America. ', " . ,f "If a European had been present," ceremony, it would certainly km-. 1 Ihim a subject of deep meditation, to lieople of a great nation contract'jn , vim ineir cmei, irceiy elected, and n--hrly to see the old general, -the t mwneii military chiertain of the 4,, bit lately invested with power little lei ryal, conduct his successor to the ly tii chair, from which he himself vyj '"' t.. ..1: iiu ...:n: . ,. "t. lu.-ciiio mm twiuiig annexation totf lift after the example of bis prcfe Washington and Jefferson. " 'It is thus that at every successive of lair years the unfavorable ml wludi have been- made at the cradled s mcritan independence havo failw, jj) presidential elections, which the fcj monarchy in Europe have asserted Wl attended by the effusion of blood, mg ted wiih as much quiet as tho appoint of the Host obscure municipal counrfsl any village in France. Those ul;o pre ! scenes of anarchy and ambition, similar I the tumultuous diet of elections in ) socm to bavo forgotten that the noliilitji' elected tlo kings of that Empire; ! the United States tho whole people, tits' ereign people, exercise that huh aid preme power. Aristocracy is turbulti; its nature, and is divided into factions, ; necessary fact of. a country possessing fr families. Democracy, on th; contrary..' calm and tranquil, because all interest'! merged in one, that of the nalion. Ti; is the great. lesson which the United Sta?-are called to give to the world. r 'Mr. Van Huron, as he himself ksr' marked, is the first President who wank subsequently to the war of iwleponfa I he generation of the fathers of tin Wilms thus passed away. Posterity lias cs:, menced for them; and it has touched 1': labors, merely to give tu iliem a progit lve perlection. I ho debts conU&ctcti ov their wars with England are pa'idop tho only embarrassment in finance nowci ting in the United States, is the mosU'r employment of tho surplus revenue oil government. Tho population has incrsi . within the third part of a century, lionu, to fifteen millions. There are eight hun leagues of railroads already madman!- thousand three hundred leagues ot w The exports of the United States, -wli, 1820 amounted to two hundred and sevc Gve millions of francs, exceeded in E the sum of five hundred and thirty ml rinaily, primary instruction is guari to the whole population of the confciltis. "lheso arc the principal traits ol m,-sing prosperity, in the midst oCwhial't Van Buren has been elected to filHM. place in the government of Jhe United Su', ..... nis aauress presents a brilliant pcrspu t whilst at tho same time it gives tlicf: ranee that the country will be presents the career which it has chosen. Tlieit gural address of Mr. Van Buren mus spire full confidence in the conviction of: '; friends of democracy." " j DECLARATION oTwAR BY Bff-j OS AYRES AGAINST PERU. ! Ry the ship Brutus, Buenos Ayrcsp? have been received to the 27th ofk The British packet of that date conta Declaration of War by the RepuUii Buenos Ayres, against Peru, now uv.it: protection of Gen. Santa Cruz, hoii President of Bolivia. Chili declared , iust Peru some time ago. So tlief.'. two asrainst two: Chili and Buenos AJp 11st Bolivia and Peru. "All fa publics of South America are thus ffr; . in the strife except the Banda Oncnw, the old Republic of Columbia, now . . 4 . 'It In 111.- urenaua, ana Venezuela. II win""- . or these to avoid being drawn 111W1"0 t MR. VAN BUREN-IN FRANCE. l he National one of the leading Journal of Paris, in re-publishing the inaugural ad- : III lexas. it i idrCSS of Mr. Van Burpn mL-Bs r..ii... said, instead of specie they pay their debts'jing remarks: wun cows; ana inrow 111 the calves for "The installation nf fle Xaur tw:.u., tex. nartirularlv Kniiador. which, n0"; ' . . . ' ' n'l.. i'Ki local position, is most exposed. "t ration of War is accompanied, in tli os Ayres papers, with a veiy long Mf'j" loosening lortli Iho causes wnn. , ' rcm.fr i-"- , Oriental, (capUal jK; arms: noi again" ,1 change.. If Mr. Webstpr BlmnM i.,ni f il.n T'nitci ct.. . 1 , .. hairiran to tho other narts of the Ilniti-HiU- v 1 , . "'N . . . " luu V on lne WurUi 0 ------ ------ , - - --------- , iiiaiko mc same uanus on lie 01 juarcn last. States, what it has been giving to England. for the last fifty years, pressure, distress,' bankruptcies, the ruin nf fortunes, and the de- . ir 1 :.. - ri-i i . smicrion 0 nuppmcss, mua lar c hit safa; but there is danger ahead, anil unless we can expel ' -n otr borders the irredeema- opinion of the Govcrtnneut, neccssarv. The Banda jdeo,) is also in against itself I 11 L- 1 lift rpfprnnniil sJa,.,..! hospitality of that country, they would he. on the occasion of this solemnity, differs as! muui, as one may suppose, from the geoi - forced to stop their specie payments. tt inchesUr Virginian. genus pomp of Europe, as democracy 1 lifljica"' Preparations Gen. Fructuoso Bi , .1 . ..r !. Tonni!ic an" only a few months since, was defeated insurrectionary attempt against tne y. ment, is again in motion, having coH. force on the frontiers of Brazil, wiin . he intends to march to Montevideo- 1. Preparations are making to g' The New Orleans papers say that they expect j'u-le which fl he arrival of h.ilf a million of specie in their citjV'Iaiitic. Buii lereut from monarchies mni op loss ohsnJ flourish on this side of the At-! ing this solemnity, in the midst a warm reception XaL I. Murr Inii;n Dffiredationt.'By a le"f I Key West, dated July 1st, it aprcars'
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