The Times from Munster, Indiana on July 31, 1950 · 11
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The Times from Munster, Indiana · 11

Publication:
Location:
Munster, Indiana
Issue Date:
Monday, July 31, 1950
Page:
11
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Monday, July 31, 1950 THE HAMMOND TIMES Page II Times Receives News lectures' by Wirephoto World-Wide Service Flashed Here by AP Photo-Electric Eye Is Heart of High-Speed Transmitting System The Associated Press' Wirephoto system, the "miracle of the picture age," started service today for The Hammond Times and! its readers. The Times now can receive news pictures in as little as eight minutes from any major news center in the United States. Pictures from foreign areas such as Korea, transmitted across the ocean by radiophoto and then distributed by Wirephoto, thus can reach The Times in time for publication in the fam? edition with the dispatch telling of the news event. Inauguration of this service ; bring to readers of The Times the- most important mechanical de velopment in newspaper enterprise In the lant SO years. The perfecting; of Wirephoto ranks with the invention of the telegraph, the telephone and the linotype. AP'S WIREPHOTO network, opiating 24 hours a day, extending from coast to coast and from Canada to the gulf, is the longest circuit of its kind in existence. Pic tures for Wirephoto are provided can carry all manner of graph- in material such a maps, graphs, letters, pages of manuscript or even finger prints. During the San Francisco UNO Conference, in 1943 whole newspaper page were transmitted from one city, engraved and printed in San FrancUco in a matter of hour. Often less than an hour is consumed between the time a photo- ! o-ranher stecs into his darkroom at by trained news photographers ta- . a . a, v,,,. tioned at strategic points all over J the United States nd abroad, free-I lance operator as well as staff photographers for AP member-papers, with the pace set by the AP's own corps of prize-winning cameramen. The cream of each day's picture output is selected for Wirephoto by skilled photo editors. AP technical experts, many of thousands of miles away. This in cludes the time necessary to develop the original picture and print it and the time it takes at the othr end to develop and print the receiving negative. THE MIRACLE of AP Wirephoto has made all this possible, whom participated in the develop- faRhfufIy tna often it is difflcu,t to distinguish them from the original print. Wirephoto ment of the Wirephoto process in the AP laboratory in New York, man the circuit day and night to assure the constant maintenance of wire conditions that are necessary for maximum fidelity of reception. Scientifically, the heart of this amazing process is the photo-electrio cell. Such a cell Is extremely sensitive to light and dark. In simplest terms, Wirephoto operates this way: A photo-electric eye "looks" at a. picture as it revolves on a cylinder; what, this eye "sees" In light and dark portions of the photograph Is translated Into electrical Impulses. These Impulses travel over the wires to the receiving machine and in turn are recorded on a negative, or on photographic paper. In terms of the shades of I'ght and dark identical with the original print- When the re-reiving negative or print Is ' processed, the transmission is complete. Eight minutes are required for i transmission because it takes that long for the photo-electric eye to scan the full photo. The "light Impulss itself is thrown on the picture through a tiny aperature only one hundredth pf an inch square. But by the time this tiny beam feu traveled across the photograph It has covered every bit of the picture. THE AP WIREPHOTO system links hundreds of individual newspapers. A picture can ,be put on the AP network at Atlanta or New York or Chicago or Seattle and it will be received simultaneously eight minutes later at all network stations. The best of These are available for Immediate delivery to The Tlmej. Mot pictures are transmitted from regular network sending stations in the various AP bureaus over the country. However, to minimize losses of time, AP technicians have developed a portable sending machine enclosed in a box no bigger than an ordinary suitcase which can be sped swiftly to the scene of a big news story by airplane, train or automobile. This means even greater speed and flexibility in bringing pictures to newspaper readers by wire, along with the news story coming by another. Pictures can be sent from remote sections on an ordinary telephone circuit, as well as over the regular Wirephoto network. A Wirephoto carries its caption with it along the wire. The caption Is typed by an editor at the sending station and pasted on one end of the photograph, becoming virtually part of the picture. Wirephoto thus Is not limited alone to the transmission of picture. It revolutionized mod ern news picture coverage ana the inauguration of this service for readers of this newspaper assure them finest pictures first. Byrnas Heads School Board In Burnham BURNHAM Completed tabulated returns of the school election in Burnham Saturday show that a record number of votes were cast in the formation of a seven-man board. A total of 365 persons marched to the polls. Edward Byrnas registered a decisive victory over two other candidates aspiring for the school board presidency. He received 213 votes. THE INCUMBENT .president, Theodore Piwowar, received 80 votes and Village Clerk Annette K. Pactwa registered only 62 votes. Elected to the school board for one year terms were Charles YatsUo, 170 votes, and Edward Albinlak with 169 votes. Albiniak is also a member of the town board. Andrew Petriska. a school board incumbent, and Milton B. Hammond were elected for two-year terms. Petriska received 213 vote3 and Hammond received 190 votes. ELECTED for three-year terms were Paul Ashley with 258 votes and Charles Doe with 134 votes. Ashley led the entire field in the number of votes. In all there were 14 candidates aspiring for school board positions. Raymond Smija, who is now on the school, board, declined to run. More than half of Burnham's 650 registered voters cast ballots in the formation of an enlarged school board. The lone polling place, at the school building, was opened from 12 noon to 7 p. m. The new seven-man board displaced the three-member organization that has operated the system since its inception. Increase of the district's population to 1,334 made the election possible. m -. r a r - i - I TL.. . ix hong v hGOOtf..O mWR Si::::::"- Honolulu ? SEATTLE SAN T FRANCISCO! 'ANGELES : f4 ntw - " - 1-1 I M TT PARI MADRID I JSS? -J . ... r .:::::;: 3 a::;::::::---::- mmm ft. B-B w a. K m u STOCKHOLM! 7 A : ! r y IONDONk w 1 fcHA. - i k. j m m m & . - . A' DAILAS - wtAltUl HA8ANA-1 - D. F. QAUr.iov r?&INGAPORE ttriAKARTA TV BOGOTAf-J 9jA Wireless transmitting and distributing centers of the AP f news and newsphoto services to and in Europe, the Near East, Africa, Asia, Pacific areas and latin America, Other distribution centers. Other AP bureaus or subscribers. AP leased cable and teleprinter circuits. AP leased beamed wireless circuitsmorsecast. wireless printer and hellschreiber. JUAN TANEIROy SANTIAGO f (S-V V TEL AV,V LONDON BRUSSELS XPARIS t STRASBOURG i MARSEILLE STOCKHOLM COPENHAGEN HAMBUR6v:::;jj::n: ?) BERLIN , ........... w KFURT PRAGUE WARSAW !CMJ A- : MILAN :::iS '-;-:"-:'::",;: ; BtLoRADt :: -:.W 0 ITlDrk4cXr-? THE AP COVERS THE WORLD Map shows tha world-wide disM-bution of Associated Press new and pictures, serving 4200 newspapers and radio stations a giant leap from 1848 when th AP started with a membership of six newspapers in New York City. The world's rarest game bird Is the Hawaiian goose or "nene," Changes in land use and extra hunting pressure have reduced their ranks to a pitiful remnant of not over 25 or 30 birds. h. fir4 Q l'K ::Hsm?' Here is the "staff that never sleeps," Associated Press Wirephoto editors in the world's largest news room in the AP building, Rockefeller Plaza, New York. These editors are discussing the day's supply of photos, choosing the best for swift transmission ovei the coast-to-coast AP. Wirephoto network. !" ' - i r S "'"'ll iQ M This is the miracle machine that sends pictures to The Times with incredible speed. It is the AP Wirephoto transmitter. Photo mounted on cylinder is ready to transmit. With this machine, a .picture is flashed across the continent, from Seattle to Miami, from Mexico to Canada, in eight minutes. Key to the mechanism is electric eye under metal "hood". New development makes it possible to receive Wirephotos in either positive or negative form. Both processes have advantages. Positives save time. Negatives can be "blown up" or "cropped" .to meet specialized requirements of an individual newspaper. Here negative from hypo is being examined preparatory to making of print. - PRESS WIREPHOTO NETWORK Qjyfiy Bridgeport 1 NORTHERN II PACIFIC sy. C""""W f 3 CALIFORNIA NORTHWEST . V'" c(NO 1 , j VI AAf STATENETWORKS I SOUTHERN 1 1 TEXAS r.M-.rw'04 1 1 ILLINOIS j I MICHIGAN II . VIRGINIA fl PENNSYLVANIA I i a,M mt7n4i ,.v. .j.j,;w4Jii.uft..wmp wi. ....at.-JI. i. , la:. .... :....H .jJtrrmyrr.- 4 f rtwffli- 'CSS. ; o An AP Wirephoto operator places a picture on the cylinder preparatory to putting cylinder in position on transmitter and flashing photo across continent in eigth minutes. This is the type of Associated Press Wirephoto recorder that will be used by The Times in receiving pictures from all over th nation. With Wirephoto, The Times can receive a photo in eight minutes from as far away as New York, San Francisco or Miami. And here's the way the pictures loot after the photo paper is taken from the transmitter anJ put through the universal developing process. They are ready for the engraver who produces the plate from which the newspaper pictures are printed. J

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