Page 1 article text (OCR)
BLYTHEVILLE COURIER NEWS THE DOMINANT NEWSPAPER Of NOB1HXA BT ARKANSAS AND •OUTCAST UISSOOHI VOL. XLVI—NO. 110 BlythevllI* Daily Ne Blylhcvllk Courier Mississippi Valte; BI>th*vW« Herald BLYTHBV1LLK, ARKANSAS, FRIDAY, JULY 28, 1950 War Briefs % THB ASSOCIATED PRESS Army Hot Optimistic WASHINGTON. — An Army •poke&man said today that he would »oi be overiy optimistic that the present Communist attack In Korea ii "one last fling, because I don't think It Is." £ayuig this opinion was pure •peculation on his pail, he added that any speculation has a good chance o( being wrong. , Sup*rrorts Rain Bombs TOKYO. — American Superforls today rained destruction (or the ilxth consecutive day on North Ko rean communications, hut had Hying weather cut down effective fighter support of ground troops in the battle zone. Byrnes Sees No WW III GREENVILLE, S. C.— Former Sec reiai'y of State James F. Byrnes belieres Russia's return to' (.he Unit- tions means that country isn't to start a t hi id worl ci wa i anytime soon. Byrnes, wno won the South Caro Una Democratic gubernatorial noni- ination two weeks ago, made his remarks in a telephone Interview afte: hearing that Russia had ended its boycott of the United Nations. UN Is Standing Firm MANILA. — Carlos P. Romulo president of the United Nation central assembly, said today»the an nounced return at the Soviet Unioi to the U.N. Security Council is pioo the United Nations "cannot be in tlmitiated. 1 ' Pact Council Meets LONDON. — Deputies of the At lantic Pact Council met bchin closed and guarded ,doors again to day to continue preparing a de tailed plan for the defense of West ern Europe. Their meetings, whic began Tuesday, have been shroudc by considerable secrecy. Reds Recruit Women WASHINGTON.— The Army today the North Koreans arc ported to be recruiting oOOCK) Ko ' : 'B*n women lor use in the comb? m* Russian Return to UN Weighed by Diplomats By MAX HARKKI.SOS' LAKK SUCCESS, July 28. (AP)--United Nations diplomats weve sharply divided oday on the question: was Russia's decision to end her U. N. boycott just another step tlie cold war or an admission that the boycott was a big mistake? The question may be answered 'Hiesday when the Russians return^— . A spo ktBBM Jtj .r raxlTK ^ no abdication FOURTEEN PAGKS SINGLE COPIES FIVE CENTi RedsThrowSavage Punch at Yanks Mil meantime these lines of speculation were heard at U. N. head- [Uarters; I—Russia intends to challenge the legality of the Security Council's Korean intervention and try to block any further U. N. action. 2—Russia Intends, to try a new approach in her fight to oust Nationalist China from the U. N. and sent tiie Chinese Reds, 3—Russia is merely cuming back for a propaganda blast and may •csume her walkout-boycott which was started last January in protest i gainst the presence of the Chinese Nationalists. 4— Russia is getting ready for new Communist moves either in the Balkans or against Formosa and wants.to be on hand to veto any council action. 5—Russia realizes she has made a mistake and is coming back to try to find a way to end the Korean conflict. All this, however, was admittedly nothing more than speculation. This month's council president. Arne Sunde of Norway, told newsmen "We will not allow anyone to sabotage the work of the Security Council." Slinrie presided over a meeting New Draft Call Upcoming in '50 Army Relies Heavily Upon Selective Service To Build Strength WASHINGTON', July 28. .Wt— The Army plans to step up Its strength to S40,00fl, an increase of 2(0,fKIO nffirers and men over, Hie 594,000 now in uniform, Rep. Vinson (I>-Ga) announced today. has the • women-' 'a re bei South or North Korea and none as to how the Communists intend to use them. District Fair* Given $5,000 By State Board Blythevllle Is to receive $5,000 for use as premiums at the annual Northeast Arkansas District Pair, Sept. 19-24, it was announced yesterday. The allotment was made yesterday by the Stale Board of Fiscal Control at Little Rock and a check for the amount is expected In the next two days, according to R. E. Blayiock, secretary of the Mississippi County Fair Association, sponsor of the fair. Of the $105,000 allocated by the State Board, each of the four district shows, which are held at BIy- theville, Hope, Pine Slug and Fort Smith, were awarded the same • mount. Little Rock, scene of the big annual state show, drew the largest amount—$25,000. The remaining $60.000 will be distributed in counties which are not Included in the district or state fairs on a population bnsis with each Bounty getting a minimum of $500. JK Counties having two county scat*. '«re eligible for two premium funds Weather Arkansas forecast: Partly elondj this afternoon, tonight and Salur- g't may up with at kaxt one more Taft call before the end of the year n boost if.s strength near the 800 300-man mark. While the Air Force nnd the Navy re waiting to see if volunteers will ill their j combined V 340.000-n:an iuota, tiie Army made clear yester- lay that it is relying heavily "on the lelective Service Act to meet Its nanpower needs. It boosted its September draft :all from 20,000 to 50.000 and .«aid t would call up another 50.000 men n October. Even this Increased total would :all short, of bringing the ground forces to their 800,000-rnan goal. •\rrny manpower on June 30—the ast date for which figures will be •eleosed— was about 591.000. Strength Grows III addition to the Army, Ihc United States is building as swiftly is possible toward an Air Force of 548,000 and a Navy of 579.000—for a total military strength of 1.927.000 within the next few months. By next June this is expected to climb to 2.300.0DO. In a move to stabilize the mili- ary force. President Truman yesterday signed an executive order extending for 12 months all enlistments in Ihc armed services. This affects nearly 300.000 enlistments due to expire before June 30, 1951. Of this number 44,000 are in (he Pacific theater. In a companion move, the Army extended by six months—effective Aug. 31—the tour of duty of all personnel In foreign service, except for tlie Far East command where officers and men will be held long as may be ncces'ary " Must Hold Forces All officer in Germany, commtnt- mg on the move, said: "We simply have to keep what men we've got here. It Just boils down to keeping our forces in Europe on hand." No* Mueh Change day. Local thundershowers in south portion. Not much change in tern perature. Missouri forecast: Generally fair with increasing cloudiness and humidity tonight and Saturday; little change in temperatures; low tonight near 65; high Saturday near 85. Minimum this morning—68. Maximum yesterday—88. Sunset today—7:05. Sunrise tomorrow—5:08. Precipitation 24 hours to 1 a.m. today—None. Total since Jan. 1—4297. Mean temperature (midway between high and low)—78. Normal mean temperature July—81.5 TJiis l»le Last Vtar Minimum this morning—73. Maximum yesterday—95. Precipitation Jan. 1 to this date —33.44. for September Draft Co/1 Upped from 214 to 535 For Arkansas Quota LITTLE ROCK. July 28. l/Tl — Arkansas' September draft call has been increased from 214 to 535. And Brig. Gen. E. L. Compere. State Selective Service dirccior, said he expects a similar call (or October. The increases result from a Defense Department call for additional draftees in September and October. The state will have no difficulty In filling its quota from the some 29.000 young Arknnsans who have been classified as eligible for Induction. Compere said. Prt-induction examinations nre to begin Aug. 7 for the group from which the original 214 are t» be selected. of the council this morning and called a! private conference of several delegates for this afternoon. Soviet and Yugoslav delegates were not among those invited there was no mention of Russia's decision at this morning's session. The Russian chief delegate, Jakob A. Malik, announced late yesterday he would take over Ihe Security Council presidency on schedule Aug. 1. Malik, FV Soviet deputy foreign minister, gave no Indication lhat lie indcnded lo attend today's Security Coxincil meeting (scheduler 9:30 a.m. EST). Its announced purpose is to hear what council members have lo say about the review of U.N. military operations in Korea, received this week from Gen Douglas MacArlhur. The council also had planned lo- day lo insure its. war crisis operations in August" by designating B temporary president — reportedly Britisher Sir Gladwyn Jebb—lo serve if Malik did "not show up next month. Malik Notifies \,\r Vlalik notified-iSccretary-Goneral Trygve Lie yesterday In a telephoned letter that he planned to lake his August term and thai lie wanted a council meeting held at 2:00 p.m. (EST) next Tuesday. He told Lie he would announce the program of business later. Lie's office notified all other mem- liers of tlie council immediately, in- :luding T. P. Tsiang. Chinese Na- lonalist delegate whose continued resence in the United Nations over Russian protests set off the Soviet boycotts that dually extended to 30 U.N. groups. There was no indication whether he break in Ihe boycott would bring the Russians back into other U.N. bodies. Nor wns 'there indication how ong the Soviets would remain or what would be their attitude toward the U.N. general assembly open- ng Sept. 19. Speculation Varies Speculation over the suiVisc action was varied. In Washington, some government officials said they suspected Russia wants to block fulrher UN. action Korea. They said Russia's rc- lurii wilhont the expulsion of Nationalist China—and the admission of Communist Chirm—represents a diplomatic victory for the West. One U.N. source expressed the opinion that "thi.s is complete rc- versary of Politburo policy" and predicted the Russians are back to stay a while. What will Malik do? Further council action to aid Gen MacArthnr's war effort against the Russian - endorsed North Koreans appeared slated for a bog-down In lengthy debate or a Russian veto The same possibility loomed should feared aggressions by other Soviet satellites develop. But a special meeting of the General Assembly—where Russia dors nol have the veto power—could be called should debate or veto stop future council action. Chinese Nationalists Some quarters speculated thai Malik may come back wilh another attempt to oust the Nationalist China from the council. Malik conies back to the council See RUSSIA on Paje 14 bounty Returns From Tuesday's Voting Certified Central Committee Meets in Osceola; Few Changes Found Returns from Tuesday's Democratic preferential primary in Mississippi County were canvassed and certified by the County Centra Democratic Committee at » meeting In Osceola this morning. Differences between unofficial returns and the certified vote were slight and did not alter the results of any race, Jessce Taylor of BIythe- ville, chairman of the County Central Committee said. In canvassing of the returns. Gov Sid McMath picked up 36 additions votes over tlie unlffocial total and former Gov. Ben T. Laney lost 26 M. G. Bank-son of Malvern, whose unofficial total was five, picked up 14 more votes. In the sheriffs race. Slierif William Berryman of BIytheville added two votes to his majority while liis closest opponent, Osei Manually of BIytheville, lost three. In the race for stale representative.' John J. Cowan of Osceoi; maintained his majority while Ken neth S. Sulcer of Joiner dropped 37 votes and Albert A. Banks o Whltton picked up 15. Results of Tuesday'! primar, follow; .,..-.--. Governor Sid McMath—G.380 Ben Lancy—2.928. J. L. Harris—38 M. a. Bankson—19 Lt Governor Nathan Gordon—6.739 Carl E. Hcndrix--l.022 James MacKreli—748 L. S. Brockinton—241 Stale Senator J. I,ce Heardcn—5,252 W. R. Nicholson 3,754 C. Lowell Bennett—1+9. Sheriff William Berryman—6,301 Osee Nunnnlly—2,92-1 Slate Representative John J. Cowan—4,515 Kenneth S. Sulccr—2.239 Albert A. Banks—2.191 Mississippi County voters gave State Treasurer J. Vance Clayton nearly 5,000 more votes than his closest opponent. County voting in the two associate justice races fol- AMKKICANS MINK KKIDGK AIM-ROACH—Engineers of the first Cavalry Division use ropes to pull mines inlo position on R bridge Just outside Vongdong, South Korea, to delay Ihe advance of the Norlh Korean ncds. As Ihe Communists moved up they were hit by coiiccntrnlcd artillery fire and attacked from the air by American Jcls and .Mlislangs with rockets and machinegun lire. (AP Wircphoto via radio from Tokyo). Tax, Control Uncertainties Hurt Business Planning Ky SAM DAWSON NEW YORK, July 2S. (/i>j —The twin uncerlatnlies of taxes and controls dampen business planning today. But already Industry is lak- Ing the first steps toward adjusting, lo Its new role— increased production for war use—while still, meeting civilian needs. H has been a busy, busy •week. Communist Armor Blasts Americans At Remaining Hold TOKYO, Saturday, July 29 (AP)— Red North Korean invaders threw « savage armored attack at American divisions today m a decisive battle for the remaining U. S. foothold in South Korea. The North Korean Reds were attacking in the I'ain division!? fl '° nt W ' Ul "" estimatetl 90 < 000 men in nine The heaviest blows were dealt against the greatly outnumbered Amencan forces in the west-central sector northeast and southeast of Yontrdonj?. General MncArthui-'s early-morning summary said "a savage fire fight" was in progress, with concentrated assaults on the U. S. First Cavalry Division area southeast ol Yongclong. The First Cavalry foot troopers lost some ground in the Hwanggan vicinity, 15 miles cast of Yongdong but were Inst reported holding firm against three enemy divisions. Twenty miles farther northeast elements of the Red 15th Division drove a small wedge between the U.S. 25th Division and the South Korean Sixth Division near Ichon village, MacArlhur's announcement said. Efforts were being made to restore the breach. A First Cavalry Division spokesman in the field said the great Red onslaught covered the entire front of about 200 twisting miles. He said this battle was critical. WUhoul Air Support Fighting without much direct air support because of the weather, the Americans drove to bar the corridor to Tncgu, temporary South Korean capital and supply-line huh 45 mllea southeast of Yongdong and 40 mllei Measurement )f Cotton Crop iali Completed Several Overplant Cases Reported But Amount Is Small lowed state trends that resulted In the necessity for run-offs In both. n tlie Aug. 8 primary, Paul Ward of Batesville will face R. B. McCnlloch of Forrest City in the race for the unexpired term of the late Justice Robins, and Sam Robinson and Lcffel Gentry, both of Little Rock, will vie for the post vacated by Justice Frank Smith, who retired. New York Stocks Late Bulletin— WASHINGTON'. July 28. W, — Attorney General McGrath loda.T ordered that one or more federal grand juries be kcnl ready here at all limes to nral wilh cases of subversive activity. New York Cotton Closing Quotations: AT&T Amer Tobacco Anaconda Copper .... Beth Steel Chrysler Coca Cola Gen Electric Gen Motors Montgomery Ward .. N Y Central Int Harvester J C Penney Republic Steel Radio Socony Vacuum Studebnkcr Standard of N J Texas Corp 150 1-2 64 7-P 32 1-2 40 3-< 65 7-8 126 46 1-8 83 52 1-2 H 5-8 . 28 7-8 55 1-8 . 37 3-4 . 16 1-8 . 21 5-8 . 28 . 17 1-4 . 68 3-4 Thousands of workers around tlie country are putting the fishing rod back In the closet. Factory vacations are being cancelled in many plants called upon lo keep war- needed goods rolling from production lines. . •, . _.. - : Shipbulldw-s are getting;orders to School Budgets Set by Brinkley And Burdette A total of $126.872 hi expenditures for the 1951-52 fiscal year lins been proposed by the boards of directors of Brinkley School District No. 52 and Burilctle District No. 35. The proposed budget of expenditures for the lirinkley District to- tnls $48,522 while the proposed expenses of the Burdette district amount lo $78.350. Bond Issues for building purposes ilso were proposed by both dis- rlcts. The Brinkley district's directors proposed n 30-mlll tax levy, II of-which would be used to retire a $30.000 issue expected to run for 20 S'Clrs. Funds from this issue arc to be used for construction and equipping a new school building. In the B'lrtteitc District, the directors have proposed a S20.000 bond Issue conplctlng a gymnasium. A 30-mlll levy also was proposed, three mills of which nrc to be used to retire .the Issue. A breakdown of the proposed budget shows the following (Brinkley figures listed first, Burdcttc second): General control $350. S4.800; Instruction 512,372. S12.000; operation of school buildings $1.000. $7.150; maintenance of school plant and equipment Sl.OOO. $150; auxiliary agencies (including transportationi S3.500, $9.500; fixed charges $300. $1.650: capital outlay $30.000, $4.250; debt .service (Burdcttc only) $8,250 Soybeans Jan . Mar . May . Anti-Leopold Demonstrators Rage in Streets of Brussels Oct. . Dec. . Mar. . May '. July . Ocpn High Low Close 3920 3897 . 3S75 3852 3815 3920 3898 3888 3884 3839 3871 3870 3860 3860 3312 3844 38S8 3888 3882 i830 BRUSSELS, Belgium, July 28. f/T) —Mobs of anti-Leopold demonstrators raged through the streets of Brussels today, attacking streetcars and taxis which still ran in defiance ot the general strike order protesting the return of the king. It was the second straight day of violence in the capital. By mid-afternoon the anti-Leopold action squads had managed to stall most of the 100 streetcars which, operated by pro-Leopold workers, had tried lo run the gauntlet. As police continued their elforts .shake Ihe mothballs out of the vessels built in the last war which have been put away for an emergency. The plastic wrappings nrc beinp stripped from H-Ms anil the big bombers are being made air-worth, again after llielr long rest at southwestern bases. •-• Airlines Give rlanni Commercial airlines have given part of their fleets for tile Pacific airlift carrying men and material to Korea. And they wonder whei and If further military demand will cut regular schedules. The United States has charterer all available tramp cargo slirfac ships for the same purpose nnd th shipping Industry moves toward fu Sjiecd again. A boom In rail freight car build ing is taking shape. Rail chiefs ar meeting today in Chicago lo plan it. Perhaps 300.000 more cars In th next three years will be built. Ther are 1.7 million of them on the rail r.ow. Oil Industry's Plan The oil industry lias worked out plan to build up production ol avia lion gasoline without cutting tli niiantily.or quality of gns avail.ibl for the family car. Special aviation type gasoline which has been goin Into auto premium gasoline wl now flow entirely to the military But oil refiners will share thcL . _ tithcr high grade gasoline stocks to provide funds for, for blending, so lhat the maker* of the special alkylate the big planes need will not be put at a competitive disadvantage 111 the auto gasoline market That is an example of •voluntary industrial alloralton." Allocations arc Iwing worked out in other industrle.s, too. Here the great uncertainty Is what Ihc government will do: Permit voluntary allocations o! goods, or set rigid government control. 1 ;. Slccl Leaders As.suml Steel leaders this week have been assuring the public that military orders- when received—can be met without too much diversion from civilian channels. II the industry Is allowed to do It in its own way. Already the great civilian demand has piled up large backlogs at most sleel mills. And In the grey market, premiums as high as 100 per rent for some types ol steel arc reported. Other shortages, fears of shortages to come, plague industry as it plans for defense production. Prices have been soaring on many thing.*, including food items. Consumers have rashed to buy some things. The Federal Reserve Board reports department store sales running 46 per cent ahead of this lime a car ago. Production Kisf.i Meanwhile, industrial production continues to rise. A peacetime record was .set in June. And more huslne.s firms report big earnings this week. General Motors set records in sates, pay-tolls and earnings the first halt of this ear—with the lasl thrc months : ting a new all-lime high In profits for an American corporation Over all this hangs tlie twin question: How much control, and Measuring of cotton and other llotcil crops In North Mississippi County under the provisions of the government's marketing quota was reported as approximately 50 per cut complete today by Floyd C. Jrouch, senior field assistant of the 'reduction and Marketing Admlu- stration. "I would sny tiilit field work Is 80 per cent complete and the of:ice work 25 per cent complete as of today." Mr. Crouch said. "Thai would make all of our work, Includ- ng checking of measuring result's and filing of reports about one-half finished." "In other words. " he said, "II will take us about another month to complete our work." Measuring work In the comity started lust month and at thai time it. was estimated that the measuring, checking nnd Illing or reports would take approximately three months. Mr. Crouch staled that, result.'; of Ihe measuring have revealed "qilk't a number o[ overplant cases" but Hint the cases did shot Involve a great, amount of acreage. "Approximately all of the cases Involves fractions of an acre,"; he said. "Most of them were caused by a farmer trying to plant his allotment to the letter and ran over a fraction. And some of these may be errors in measuring." The largest overplant found, he CHfCAGO. July 28. M',— Closing soybean quotations: High Low Nov ......... 2.67!i 2.60!S 2.01-63 close 2.09 2.d2 1 i 2.66'i 2.72V, 2.65'.4 2.10-03 2.74 2.60 2.70 to quell the rioters, the Belgian cabinet was in almost continuous session thrtughout the day. There wire unconfirmed retwrts thlt Max Suset, leader of the Socialist Part; which has spearheaded the campal[n against the king. ha<l refused a Simmons to see Leopold at Laekcn Palace. With sone 300.000 workers already idle In protest against King Leopold's rdurn to his throne, both the monanh's supporters and hh opponents pulled their battle lines tighter. Telslon mounted throughout the nation. said, was 10 acres and tills case being re-measured as the planter fells that an error was made In the first measurement. In overplant cas&s, Mr. Croiich said, farmers have two alternatives. They can either plow up the excc.ss crop to conie within their allotment or they can pay the 15.5 cents per pound penalty aisc.sscd [or over production. Tlie penalty must be paid before the coton Is sold next fall. The penalties for over production may be paid to either the county Production and Marketing Administration office by the farmer or collected by the buyer at the lime the cotton Is sold, Mr. Crouch stated that In over- plant cases a re-check Is necesary even If the excess Is plowed up and the planter will be required to bear the expense of the second measurement. aliove vital Pusan port. A MacArtHur headquarters Intelligence spokesman said late Friday: "Enemy pressure is now reaching » maximum, and he must have a decision quickly.'^ This siwkesman said the Red supply problem had reached a point where the Invaders were unable to continue a war ol attrition. He called Ihe next few days "extremely imimrUnl'.!. /froni th» Communist poinl of vlew^ . -" ".» Amerllkn Counterattack An American counterattack was'- made Friday afternoon In an at- tempi, to case pressure on the central sector, but AP correspondent O.H.P. King reported it wns not on as big a scalc'as originally ordered. There ..were no Immediate reports on how it fared. King did not ex- plnln why It was on so small a scale. Tiie Red attack was launched and maintained under the heaviest concentration of artillery and mortar fire of the five weeks old war. One veteran of Normandy and the Brittle of the Bulge in World War II called it "more artillery than I ever saw before." American artillery was replying with both high-explosive and antipersonnel fire. Ten Miles Gained In the far south, where the Reds for several days have been advancing with small feeler tank forces, they gained another ten miles along undefended roads. This carried See KORKA on Page H Water Carnival Set for Tonight Swimming, diving and lire-saving exhibitions and a water ballet will be features of a water ciuntval scheduled to begin at 8 o'clock tonight at Walker Park Pool. The Water carnival is being sponsored by the Chicasawba District Chapter of the American Ken" Cross and Die Chlcksaw Athletic Club. David Moore and Lloyd Ftarman will present diving exhibitions and the water ballet will be staged under the direction of Mrs. A. B. Smith, Jr. Members of beginning and Intermediate classes in the Junior and senior divisions will give life-saving demonstrations. Fisk Bank Bandit Given 15 Years POPLAR BLUFF. Mo., July 28. (m — A fifteen year prison sentence was assewcd Leonard °^y, 20-year- old Storldard County (arm youth when he entered a plea of guilty in circuit court today lo charges of robbing the slate bank of Fisk, 10 miles east of here. Ray was arrested four hours after holdup of the bank on June 19, and authorities recovered most of the S313438 which was taken from Miss . , • Ueba Manlon. a teller, who was when; and how much ol a tax bite, alone in the bank at the time ot and when It's been a busy week. I the holdup. Landscape Firm To Open Office Here This Fall Tiie Churchill Landscape Co. of Dexter, Mo., will set up a branch office In Blythevllle in September, t was announced today by Ed Churchill, owner. In addition to landscape work, the firm also will carry a varied nursery stock, he said. The firm ha* been operating iri Blylhevlllc in the past, but will have a permanent staff here when the branch office is' opened In September. Site for the office has not yet been selected, according to Mr. Churchill, who also is affiliated with the Churchill Nurseries at Dexter. A branch office at Stuttgart wilt be Incorporated with the office here this fall, he said. Mr. Churchill said his landscaping firm is the only one in Northeast Arkansas licensed by the State Plant Board to do spray work to kill plant and shrub insects. He pointed out that Act 304 of 1939 requires persons engaging in work to control insect pests and plant diseases to be licensed by the Stale Plant Board. This act provides a maximum fine of $300 for persons convicted of violating it. He also said that some complaints of unlicensed operators working in this area had been turned over by him to city officials. N. O. Cotton Oct Dec Mar May , July Open High Low Clo.se: . 3890 3890 3853 3869 . 3872 3876 3855 3870 . 3859 3872 3852 3870 3049 3866 3845 3861 . 3812 3821 3800 3812 You Still Have One More Day to Take Advantage of 'BIytheville Bargain Days'