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ittmbAY, FEBRUARY is, 1937 |5upremc Tribunal Now Consiclciing W a g n e i Measme's Validity fly RODNEY ntlTCHER Courier News Washington' Correspondent WASHINGTON.—Tlie , supreme lourt Is called upon to decide tlie talldlty of the National Labor Relations AcU nt a • time wlien the Iilstoric struggle over Hoosevelt's |>rogram for "packing" the court Is In full fury. I World-wide attention will be dl• ected nt the dnzzlinfr white pal- Ico of the court as. the six-man Ipnservatlve majority, alone with •he three liberal members, delivers Its opinions In the shadow of. the •Jew Deal's effort to destroy Its lower over legislation by : driving Iff. conservative : members or ap- lntment of new liberal members outvote them. :Tlie fundamental clash over the .abor Relations Act (often called •lie ; Wagner Act) Is between the •lew Deal determination to foster I strong labor movement which •nil bargain for Increased pur- IhasiiiK power and broader distribution of national income, and Ihe determination of American lorporatlons not to" have their •mployes organized into labor un •>ns. In Five Cases Tlie act lias come before courl •i five eases wherein the .Natlona' labor Relations Board has,found Justness concerns guilty of dis- liisMHK one or more employes for libof union activity and other- I'ise violating the law.: Tlie five •oncerns are the Associated • Press fee Fmehauf Trailer Company, ol lielroit, the Jones & Laughlin |teel Company, tlie Washington 'irginla arid Maryland Coacl I'ompany, and the Friedman•tarry Marks Clothing Company If Rlclunond. Here are the main provisions of 1'ie labor Relations Act: Entitled "Act to promote equal- J.y of bargaining power betweei •mployers and employes, to di liinish the causes of labor dis lutes " It created the National Labo elations Board to prevent "un liir labor practices," to hear com- 1-laints of employes wishing to lold secret.-elections among em lloyes, and to prosecute defian iiployers in the federal courts. ylt provides that representative. |>r collective bargaining by a ma- I irity. of; employes shall be the ex.• lusive representatives -of • all rein • lojes for ^gaining- as to wages lours and olhei conditions of em ioyment. 1 It prohibits - as "unfair labo Iractices" any interference .with hstrafrit or coercion of employe; li their guaranteed right to or lanize and bargain collectively. Ii llso prohibits any domination o literference with formation of anj • ibor organization, or contribution •t financial or other support to It makes unlawful the act o nny employer who refuses to bar |aln collectively or engages In an I'pe.of discrimination designed to liscourage labor union member- I-lip or punisti complaining eiii- lloyes. law Universally Defied I The lawyers' committee of the Imerican Liberty Lengue long ago Idvised employers to" ignore this l.w, Insisting it was unconslitu- lonal, and it has been almost •niversally defied. • Employer lawyers • headed by |jhn W. Davis and Earl P. Reed the Liberty League have at- icked the act before the supreme •mit on a variety of constltutfon- I grounds. It is alleged the act l)es .not fall within the powers I' pongrcss to regulate interstate Inrimerce because: employer re- Itions with employes nrc not I alters of Interstate commerce; majority rule provision of the violates freedom of contract; ' .Constitution's "due process" ise is violated; the'act is "ar- Itrary and unreasonable"; the |:t is a labor law and not a reg- •lotion of interstate commerce; • iforcement of the.act' constitutes • i unlawful interference with the •mnal light of business concerns I manage their own businesses. I The Associated Press also •larges the act violates "freedom • tho press" to select Its own em- loyes. - • • |The court might'hold the net •is unconstitutional as it applied I- manufacturing, and constitu- l)nal as it applied to an employer •ore; obviously engaged in inter- lite commerce, such ns a busl- • ss company. , lenies Congress" Porer ' : • It Is of tremendous importance 1 the New Deal that It be iip- I'ld In its Insistence on the right I pass legislation covering man- lacturing. [Manufacturing is Involved in Iree of the five cases; but such |cent majority opinions as tend I bear on this Issue are not en- •uraglng. In the ra'llroad retin- |;nt opinion the court held tho lipose of the retirement law was I promote the social welfare of le railroad workers and that I is was no proper federal func- •>n. In the Schechter decision lilch ended NRA, the court uu- Jipiously held Congress had no to regulaie wages or hours y business which was local. v,ie Guffey Coal Act case the How Do You Vote on President Roosevelt's Coiii^Proposal? President Roosevelt, the Congress^; and various state legislatures nave In the last four years pa.ssedtleg'fs^llori embracing Ihtlr Ideas tailing with certain economic aiic]' socliil problems. The u. S. Supreme Court ruled"thai many of tliesc measures wore unconstitutional: In some cases thu decision was made by a 5-to-l vote of the court. Measures declared unconstitutional by the court hare included the National industrial Recovery /^cti the Agricultural Adjustment Act, the Gutiey Coal Act, the nrst' Hallway Pension Act, the Municipal Bankruptcy Act, and the New York Slate Minimum Wage lav, 1 . - . > The court will soon pass 1 ujion.the Social Security Act, the Wng- ner Ijibor Act, and the Public, Utilities Holding 'Act. This statement is merely:to present the record, and Ihe next part of the record Is Hint i ' The president believes the November elecllons gnve him n mandate to continue his -New Deal program. The supreme court, 1 as now. constituted, presents a barrier against the type of legislation that has been presented and Is pending, the court holding that it Is unconstitutional. The president proposes to change the complexion of the court through power which would Ijc granted him by Congress to appoint, six additional supreme court justices. This is the vital point at Issue in the president's proposed revision of t|ie federal Judiciary system. What Is your opinion on this question? The Courier News Is taking a poll of this city to'learn the popular sentiment. Several hundred newspapers in other communities are .liking similar iwlls, In a national referendum .to show wlml the people think. Use the ballot below to cast your vote on the issue —the most important question of the year. EDITOR, Courier News. (ARE.r COURIER Alffl Fill Out and Send In This- Ballot Supreme Court Poll Editor' Blytheville Courier News, Blylheville, Ark. President Roosevelt has asked Congress to pass a law providing that when a federal judge who has been a judge 10. years or more reaches the age of 70 and docs not retire within six months thereafter, the president shall appoint an additional judge to his court. This law, under present conditions, .would require the president .to add six justices to the United States Supreme Court. My vote on this proposal is registered here: I am in favor / \ I afn against / \ of the plan V / the plan \ / NOTE: MARK AN X TO INDICATE YOUR VOTE Name Address majority held that employment and fixing hours, wages and working conditions were related to production, not to commerce, and that hence Congress had no power in such matters. Government arguments of the Wagner Act have stressed the burden and injury to interstate commerce resulting from indus- trial'stfffe and insisted that Congress thus had power to take measures, to reduce such strife; ihd iln the cases affecting manufacturing it says, as ill the Jones t Laughlin case, that there is a 'vast interstate movement in the regular course of business of materials .to respondent's plant in Aliqulppa, such as .coal, ore, and limestone, derived from respondent's, own properties and largely carried in interstate commerce by instrumentalities owned and operated by if If the court performs as it often does, some of its members will find words to cx- pHm why Congieis had no light to pass such i law and other niembeii, will find othei viorrts to explain why it did. Steele-Cooter Society —Personal Carter-Burton Miss Thelma Burton of Steele and Blytheville became the bride of Norwood Carter of Memphis in a ceremony performed In Blytheville last week by the pastor of the Presbyterian church there. Mrs. Carter is the daughter of Mr. and Mrs. Hairy Burton of Steele. She has been employed in the Hotel Noble at Blylheville for two years. Mr. Carter is n salesman for a Memphis hardware company. '' " . - .*'.*'* . Mr. and Mrs. .Elwood Brown of Steele are the parents'of a'lo 1 ,^pound daughter, bom at their home, Thursday morning. The baby has been named Birtle .Joyce. J. \V. Reno of Steele and J. R. Hutchlnson of • Cariithersville have, returned from a visit, with Mrs;.' Heno and Mrs. Hutchlnson, who are spending the Winter in rt Myers, Ha. ", Mrs. Hooper Azbtll is confined to her home' with -a nervous breakdown. - Mrs. Lelia Workman and son, E. S., were called to Cope Glrar- deati by the serious Illness of a relative. They, were accompanied by Mrs. James L. James of Braggadocio. Mr. and Mrs. A. R. Bcckham and V. W. Coleman spent Thursday at Paragould with Mrs. Coleman, who is at the bedside of her sister, Mrs. Charles Manard. also of Cooler, who is seriously ill with pneumonia. Mrs. R. C. Steele sr. and daughter, Louise, and Mrs. R. C. Steele jr. and daughter, Mary Elizabeth, 3iave returned home from a. two weeks visit with relatives In Little Rock. I,. W. Zahner Is a patient at the Methodist hospital in Memphis this week. : . Mrs. Charles ^Pollard Is confined to her home near Cooler by Illness. Her husband, who has had influen2a, is improved. Mr. and Mrs.- T. A. Haggard moved into their iiew home, the former A. B. Rhodes properly, on Walnut Ave.. this week. Mr. and Mrs. A. W. Jordan, who have been living there, moved into the house vacated by Mr. and 'Mrs. Haggard ' Mr.' and Mrs. Cecil Byfd of Blytheville are guests of the latter's parents Mr and Mrs John .Tucker. Mrs. Carl Williams of Flint", Mich, 11 the guest of her parents, Mr/ and Mis. J. : N. Maxwell: Mrs. H. L. Casey has returned from a- visit with relatives 'in Bells; and. other points .in Tennessee. Miss Glpdys. Sharp, .who -has been atttending State Teachers College at Cape Olrardeau.:.has accepted a position as teacher In the; New Survey . school, takins the-.place vacated .by Miss . Julllett Frank, who is in a hospital Irj Memphis where she underwent an operation on her knee. Mrs A M Wren and daughter, Mrs. Myrtle Davis, .'and' children ore visiting relatives in St. Louis. Mrs. Dan Portis jr., of Lepanto. Ark., spent this week here with her parents, Mr. and Mrs. A. W. Jordan. Mr. Portis. will come Sunday to spend the day. Mrs. Mary Wright and children, Miss Celine Oiimore, Mary Anna and Helen McCann returned home Thursday night after having spent two weeks witli relatives in Ten- nesses. E. W. McCann drove to Tennessee for them. Dr. J. P. Vickery, who for two years has been located at Braggadocio, has returned to this city. Mrs. J. W. Cunningham Is visiting relatives in Chaffee, Mo. Mrs. Allle Copeland and daughter -have' returned ' from a visit with 'relatives in' Dexter. Mrs. Basil McClure of Cooler is confined to her home with a severe case .of Influen7jx. (Continued from page one) llielr places, nnd the court wculd have nine members, ns to<!•>« T' none nt them p-Kml. however, Ihe president would .linvo to appoint si-x new members anyway, making IS. Tims, under'(.he proposed law, the court inulu number anywhere between nine anil 15. ;Thclr powers would remain exactly as nt prr.senl. Argument Against Change No question has been raised on the power of Congress to do (hit under (he Constitution, which provides ample power for such ac- .lon. The question Is whether or not inch action Is wise. Those against tlie plan say .1—That tliis is simply "amending the /Constitution' through the anck door by packing the court wllh members favorable lo present unconstitutional legislation." 2—Trmt Independence of the court. Is destroyed by replacing or nullifying the votes of those who are against' administration laws. 3—That It makes supreme court Justices merely ventriloquists' dummies for tlie legislative unr executive branches, destroying the proper balance. 4—That once the precedent Is established of. juggling the personnel of the court whenever Congress wants io put throiigh lawr of doubtful constitutionality, then there Is no guarantee tlmt future Congresses might not reduce the court to three, or provide that nobody over 50 can serve, or in any other way bend the court to Us will, S—That this destroys ;tho" Independence of the supreme court, which is Its most valuable attribute. Arguments for Change Those favoring the proposal take this view 1—That the plan leaves the court intact as an institution. 2—That It merely provides'-for temporary eclipse of n small one- man majority which has consistently thwarted the will of the |ico])le as expressed by Congress. 3—That there is no more reason lo believe new appointees would be puppets than past. ones. i—That as to amending tlie Constitution, such a court might amend the conception of the Constitution now held by five out oi nine justices, in regard to disputed points and powers, but not the Constitution Itself, which' Is- really what the court minority and Congress say it is, not what the court majority says it is. These are the -conflicting point' of'view now' being threshed out in congressional.- hearings and every circle where 'Americans gather lo discuss public affairs' This is the proposal on which yoi are asked lo express your opiniot in a nation-wide poll being con ducttd HI BlytheUlle by the Courier News. (Copyright ,1937, NEAService,Inc. NEXT: Robert H. Jackson, assistant United Slates attorney general,; will present arguments favoring President Roosevelt's proposal. On the following day, Frederick H. Stinchfieid, president of the American Bar Association, will present arguments against the plan. i f AGB THRU Signing Truce Thai Enclcd 48-Day Auto Strike i Osceola and Keiser ' Schools Will Reopen , OSCEOLA, Ark. — Schools at Osceola and Keiser, ''closed for three weeks because of flood conditions, will reopen Monday morn- Ing, it has been announced by George'H. Deer and W. E. Pigg, the superintendents. Tho Keiser school was closed because a large .number, of the pupils were among the flood refugees from the western part of the county. The Osceola school was closed because parts of the building were used to house refugees from the flood area and national guardsmen on duly here. The punkie, which Is the smallest' fiy that bites man, can pass through the eye of a needle. Sea gulls break open shellfish by dropping them from a height onto rocks below. "Iodine" wjy (a^en from the Greek word meaning "violet," be- cause>6f(Its vlolel-eijored vapor. Luxora Society — Personal 1 Mrs. Russell Bowen has beer sick this week with an nttack of flu. Mrs. Byrd and daughters have returned from a visit In Focahon- tas. Mrs. Sam ' Meadows and son Doolie, and Mr. and Mrs. Meadows sr., returned home Thursday morning -from a visit in Okolona Sam Bpwen has : been confined to his bed for thre days with fill. Mrs. Head, son Junior, nnd daughter, Martha Melle, are expected home Friday from Neeley's Landing, Mo., < where they have been visiting Mrs. Had's father, D. J. Oohn. Mrs. E. R. Bogan and Mrs. C. B. Wood attended the meeting of the Elliott Fletcher U. D. C. chapter of Blytheville, In • the home of Mrs. Butt.' Thursday afternoon. . , ';•'.-•' The Rev; L. P. Fleming, pastor of the B ; aptist church, is a patient at Baptist hospital, Memphis. • • * • Two tables of bridge players enjoyed the hospitality of Mrs. Jesse Brown Thursday afternoon in an attractive . parly, with Mesdarnes Grover Driver, Charles Billingsley, Joe Hires, Lena GUle^pie, W. L. Wallers, Sam Bowen and Mattie Williams, as guests. ' .'. - '. ; A salad plate was served after the games in which Mrs. Charlie Billingsley won the prize, a hand made linen handkerchief. Declares Women Lack Efficiency as Housekeepers BERKELEY, Ca I. (O P) —T h c modern ivomon who failed entirely as a housekeeper because she is n slnve.to tradition. accord- Ing to .William'Bnird, of the University of California, probably Ihe onlv student In the T^uild uho Is trvms to work his v,ay through •school bj scientific housekeeping According to Balrd's thesis, the modern \\uimm, while seeking to establish n nlnrc for nerself In almost 'every other line of occupation lias failed complete!} to apply to housekcenliifj the same principles and methods which are necessary-. In the other fields . of wfc she hat imadcd "The trouble with women : n., housekeepers," rtaird 'said, "Is that they arc:slaves of tradition. Being .suspicious of new methods they ;are far behind the times in housework. Balrd, who .storied out as" n housekeeper .for himself, succeeded in reducing il to such a scientific basis that he at once undertook it as a-profession and as a .means of. earning his way through the university, 'I i am forced to the Inevitable conclusion,'"'he declared, "that in housekeeping as .in most' other lines of work, men nre superior to women.' Baird said he learned to save time in the 'art of housekeeping b> anplying mass production methods. "A .good sized room," he said, "can be swept in three minutes and eight seconds by my own secret process. The system needs only a broom and some elbow grensc In addition to the scientific knowledge of how to apply it for the greatest results with the least effort." He admits, llml the only thorn in Ins successful efforts to launch himself as a scientific housekeeper was that he was obliged to apply through a woman head of the University's Bureau of Occupations to get started. Our ancestors reckoned time by nights and winters, hence "fortnight," a contraction of U nights. A cake will not sink or burn during baking if a pint of water is put Into a vessel at the back of the oven. . , Milk kept In a roomy, shallow basin will remain sweeter longer than If put In a jug. Lincoln Birlklay Program Held'aI Harrison School Ths birthday of Abraham Lincoln and Negro History week were observed at the Harrison negro school with a program in the general assembly Friday morning sponsored by [he Choral club. Tribute was paid Lincoln as the emancipator of the slaves and the saviour of the union and to college 'presidents of Arkansas schools'In a talk-by A. A. Arnold principal. • Tlie evolution of negro music was demonstrated' by members or the Chora! club. Native African songs and dances, work songs of the slaves, songs of freedom, songs of negro life written by white muicians and modern music by negro composers were Included in the demonstration. :-The achievements of the negro since freedom In literature, music, athletics, business and Inventions were given by various students. • . • " ' . : The l*ogram was concluded with \ Alonzo Richardson singing W. C.j Handy's famous "St. Louis Blues.".| Shouting Union Men 7A Quit Flint Plants! " I' ^^•^^•^••^ t_ '.« „». HI ^_ja Poi 43 days and ntglih Ihe sitdoMn strikers in the Hint. General Motors plants I'md "dreamed of this moment The camera caught the umllojed elation In theli faces and gestures'Ks : the sitdoWrs wanned oul of the factories after llio strike ended Their siege halted with Die agreement sfgned)by •strike leaders and G M officials in Detroit a few hours eniller They streamed thioligh the plapt doors amid n shower of ticker tape and confetti, waving flags' nnd inoiitlng, greeting pircnts, wives and children In a huge maw t^emonilratlon. "Victory" Parade Ends In Mass Meeting Not since Armistice Day had Flint seen such a celebration. The automobile slrike was over, 43 da>s of strike ended. ; Sildowners rushed fut of General Motors plants, streamed Into a long parade which ended In tho.huge mass meeting pictured above. They cheered and shouted, laughed and waved flags as John Brophy, c. f. O. organizer, standing on tho sound truck, told details of the strike agreement signed a few hours earlier In Detroit by their leader, John L Lewis, and G. M. officials. Workers - 'i ; ' .! ) hallc< t "• n* n'slgnil Mctory for organized tabor and the unions.