The Washington Post from Washington, District of Columbia on September 29, 1905 · Page 17
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The Washington Post from Washington, District of Columbia · Page 17

Washington, District of Columbia
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Friday, September 29, 1905
Page 17
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THE WASHINGTON POST.: FRIDAY, SEPTEMBER 29, 1905. PROSPERITY IN DIXIE Tremendous Strides as Shown in North Carolina. IfTTT OW1TERS PROTECTIONISTS Even If Dyed-ia-the-Wool Democrats They Do Not Want to See the Tariff Revised Downward--The Farmers' Organization to Maintain the Price of Cotton--Advised to Taboo Politics. BY IRA E. BENNETT. Staff Correspondence of The Washington Post Charlotte, N. C.. Sept. 27-- E v e r y b o d y knows, in a general way, that the South has made tremendous strides in the manufacture of cotton. The progress made in the single State of North Carolina is sufficient to open the e es of those who have failed to ki-ep track of the growth of the South. In 1S90 there wen-- 93 mill* in th4s St^ite. w i t h 340, 000 spitidli!-. Now there are over 260 mills, w i t h a b o u t 2.500.000 spindles. At least $100,000,000 is invested in cotton m a n u f a c t u r e in this State, and the mills consume a q u a n t i t y of cotton equal to the total crop of the State 1 . Cotton is 1 brought in from other States, :iml much .of N o r t h Carolina's cotton i -, shipped out u n m a n u f a c t u r e d , but the home m a n u f a c - ture and home production are about equal, a m o u n t i n g to b e t w e e n F.00.000 and COO .000 " bales. About 85 per cent- of the m u r u invested in cotton mills in this State is North Carolina m o n e y . Less than 15 p r cent. is f u r n i s h e d by the N o r t h . The mills are making mone\ . Some of them p\y 25 pe r cent , rind most of them pay at least 8 pwi- cent. titock in the mills is held by thousands of t h r i f t y people t h r o u g h o u t the State, i n c l u d i n g farmers. A few new mills aie. being- built, and the tendency is to erect lart;er mills, but perhaps this habit will be reversed w h e n the difficulty of procuring a b u n d a n t ai.d steady labor becomes greater. At present there are no labor troubles, and the a t t e m p t to unionize the operan ves has been ineffectual. All mills e m p l o y w h i t e labor exclusively, Probablj thivi - f o u r t h s ot it U steady and ot herwise satisf ictory. Wages are low, but so is the cost of living-. Competition and the Tariff. Most of the mills m a n u f a c t u r e coarse yarns and ''l.-th. and in this field they have beaten New England. The coarse grade cloth and drills exported to China are all furnished from the South. Hay- Ing won t h a t field, Southern mills are now turning t h e i r energies to making finer goods, steadily pressing New England in w h a t has long been her specialty. As Massachusetts feels this pressure she is in turn m a k i n g still finer goods. In competition w i t h England. Apparently it is merely a q u stioii of time when the Southern mills will not only beat New England in fine goods, but will capture the market now enjoj r ed by English manufacturers of the finest goo Is. There is a duty of 20 cents a p o u n d on line cotton cloth. Great Q u a n t i t i e s eorne from England, and give the domestic manufacturer trouble in spite of the ciut.v . Thy few Southern mills making- fine cloth are having a hard row to hoe. Manufacturers lawn here may be dyed-in-the-wool Democrats, but tin y are as l i t t l e in favor of revising- the tariff downward as their Massachusetts b r e t h r e n . Everybody in N o r t h Carolina talks cotton. The faj-nici-, are in c t t o n , w h i c h is as good as clover. They n,i-, i had good prices and have paid their debt-, and the prospects of r x i i u m u d high prices ale nattering. The estimates of experts as to the new crop of the e n t i r e S o u t h run from 9,0A),WX to U.COu.uW) hales. The crop is "spotted" -- t h a t is, one field maybe poor and another not far away may be extra, good. The man w i t u the poor crop thinks it is the worst, ,ind ti.e man with the good one reports t h a t i t is the best he has t;v ei r-used. The oest estimates may be l.OCO.iw bales out of the way, on this account, liut it is generally believed t h a t the ero-p w i l l bu so short as to keep prices stiff. Farm Labor and Supplies Higher. Farmers m u s t get more for their cotton than they did a few ye, u s ago, in order to keep even. Five or six years ago labor was to he had at $S or $lu a month. Xow it is $3o. Farm implements, farm animals, and supplies are hiyher. Some people t h i n k a f a r m e r c m keep even if he obtains t cents a pound for his cotton. but the best i;ualiiied o b . ^ r \ e i s atse-rt that he m u s t get at least i et nts. N o r t h Carolina faimer.s appear to !?o enthusl ustic o x e r the prospects of hold- Ing cotton at 11 i-i :us, in c ' o n f o i m u y with the recent a n p o uiit.emen t ot the CotLon Growers' Association. Theic are people who point to the smash-up of the ers' Alliance, and the Crrango. and o t h e r efforts to o r g a n i z e tin. f i r m e r s on a big t^caie. But o p t i m i s t s U I M ^ C chat a change has occurred in tne situation. The extension of rural I ' i t u d e l u e r y and rural t e l e p h o n e s s t t m s has educated the faim- er a n d b r o u g h t him in. toucn with his n e i g h b o r . Ho js o u t of dc'bt. or near'y so. witii g .id t m i u s ahead. "AVhy should no't the man w u o produces the stuff dic- t a t e the pi ice at w hicu he shall sell it, so long as he is reasonable and recog-nizes the law ot" .-upplv and demand?" This question they : gard as unanswerable. Mr R. -VI. Miller, jr.. prusidi nt _of 140 American Cotton Manufacturers' Association, discussed this m a t t e r to-day, and the general q u e s t i o n of Southern farmers and m a n u f a c t u r e r - "g. u m t o g e t h e r " He said he intended to w o i k ste.idiiy tu/ bring the f a i m e r s and m i l l men to realize t h a t they w e r e dependent upon ono another, Must Keep Out of Politics. "The g r o w e r takes far more risk t h a n tlif m a n u f a c t u r e r , " said Mr. Miller, "and he ought to get more p r o f i t . I t the manufacturer makes 2-~, per c e n t , profit, the farmer ought to make 6O per cent. I have no faith w h a t t v e r in the plan to organize banks among the l a i m e r s so that they can build 'warehouses tor the storage of cotton, erect mills ot t h e i r own, and so on. The farmer falls c l o w n w h e n he tries |o go into other lilies of business. But I do have confidence t h a t tne movement of the farmrs to organize among themselves and fix the price of cotton will be successful, if they w i l l only keep tli^eir organization out of politics Politics hilled the Farmers' Alliance and the Grange, and it will Kill an organization if the. farmers permit the politicians to get in their fine work. "In the first place, no special organization is needed. The farmers don't need an elaborate scheme in order to kei p up the price of cotton. I k n o w many a farmer who is able to hold ZO per cent, of his cotton. Let those who are torced to sell do so, and let those who are able to hold back part of their crop eo so. If 60 per cent, of the crop la held back by a considerable number of growers, you will see the price go up fast enough That is all the 'organization' that is necessary, so far as I can see. "The scheme to organize the farmers and cut down the total acreage, thus forcing- up prices, is, in my opinion, a fallacious and dangerous one. If the farmers of this counti y cut their acreage so that prices will go skyward, the world will be ransacked for cotton, and it will be grown in places where it is now unknown. American farmers would discover that they had stimulated competition against themselves. Then prices would drop in a hurry, and the last state would be worse than the first I agree with Theodore Price that the plan to reduce acreage is a vicious one." Judge Advocate Has Ring Report. The naval court of inquiry convened at the request of Pay Director James A. Ring, to ; incjulre into his administration as general storekeeper at the Boston Navy Yard, yesterday submitted its report to the Navy Department, and it mis referred to the office of the Judge Advocate of the Navy, where it now is under consideration. ® FORCE AT GUAM REDUCED. Port Without a Visit from, a Ship for Thirty-six Days. Agana, · Guam, Aug. 25; via- San Francisco, Sept. 28.--During the past tKlrty- six days there have been no ships visiting Guam. The army transport Sheridan is expected to-morrow. She will take away with her Capt. H. O. Blssell, recently commanding the marine barracks of this place, with a draft of one corporal and nineteen privates, for duty with the marine Brigade at Cavite. This will leave the strength of the post here at seventy-four men, under command of First Lieut. H. D. South. On August 17, the Court of Appeals recently established In this island as the court of final jurisdiction waa organized with the following officers: Chief justice, Capt. H. O. Blssell, U. S. M. C,; associate justices, Gregor Peirce, Pedro M. Duarte, Jose Torez y Cruz, and Joaquin Periz y Cruz. This Is the first time since the occupation of the island by the Americans that a native of the Island has occupied a judicial position other than justice of the peace. The authorities have had much trouble with Japanese fishermen, who, contrary to the law, are alleged to have been using dynamite In their operations: LSEAMANTO CRITICS Repeats Praise of Japanese Army Medical Methods. ARRAIGNS AMERICAN SERVICE Tenders Resignation of Membership in Association of Military Surgeons, but Explains that His Criticisms Apply to the System and Hot to Individuals. Paper by Dr. Anita McOe. BARRED FROM USING MAILS Fraud Order Against North American Coupon Company. Postal Authorities Hold that Scheme of the Concern. Is One of Chance and Devised to Defraud. A fraud order was issued by the Postoffice Department yesterday against the North American Coupon Company, of Straff ord, Canada, which, it 'ts claimed, conducted a coupon scheme embracing the elements of lottery, in violation of section 3929 of the Revised Statutes. The circular sent out by this company reads: We inclose eight complimentary coupons, which will e n t i t l e you to the sum ol $17. All you have to do is to sell these coupons to your friends Jor 25 cents each. This will bring you your first $2. W h e n your f r i e n d s send the money for their coupons, -we will immediately forward to you a money order for $15. So, for a few hioments' worlE you w i l l clear, in all. $17. ' K i n d l y send us a postal when all your coupons are sold, in order that we may know who to make the money order payable to. You have absolutely a clear field for your sale, and we trust that we may have the pleasure of mailing: you that money order in a few das' time. The coupons referred to accompany this circular. On each of them is the statement that the holder, upon s y;ward- the same to the company with receive eight similar coupons, which heS^ authorized to sell at 25 cents each, ancK upon the return of eight coupons to the company, accompanied by $2, he is to receive a money order for $15 for his services. The legal department of the Post-office contends that this scheme is fraudulent, and is n form ot lottery. In comparatively few instances will all the coupons ·te sold and returned to the company, and the purchaser suffers a loss. The representation that the tickets will be easily sold Is, therefore, held to be_ untrue, and, according to the report,' the scheme is one of chance and devised to defraud. GUESTS OF ADMIRAL M'CAXIcA. Members of House Naval Committee Entertained at Mare Island. Mare Island, Cal., Sept. 28.--Congressman George Edmund Foss, chairman of the House Naval Committee; Senator Patterson, and Congressmen Grosvenor, Payne, Hepburn, Smith, De Armond, Driscoll, Gilbert, Anderson, Hill, Otjen, Howard, Wiley, Sherley, and ladies arrived at Mare Island at noon to-day on the torpedo destroyer Preble as the guests of Rear Admiral McCa] They were escorted by a g-uArd of marines and the Mare Island/ band, and were met by the commandam in the officers' yard. They lunched/at the commandant's residence, and over the yard and ships, .Berinington and the R' L,enu. were shown /including: the fesian cruiser KTIB'IHE'S WILL BE HOSTS. Banquet at New Willard To-night Will Follow Vacation and Cruise. The second class of midshipmen at the United States Naval Acaflemy will hold Us annual banquet at the New Willard Hotel to-night, following a vacation and cruise of a month on the training ship. Covers for -00 of the -midshipmen aixd their guests will De la-id, and as each plate will cost $11 the boys are expected to have a very sumptuous time. The dinner following' the vaeattan is the great event of the-year, -and ··dis- tinguished naval officers In the city wil; be present. ORDER'S TO NAVAL OFFICERS. The following orders were issued by^the Xavy .Department September 27: Lteut. H. 'Lanlng, detached Dolphin to home and leave one month. Lieut. P. Foley, detached Wabash, navy yard, Boston, Mass., to the Nashville, sailing from Nenv, York. N. V., October 11. Lieut. O S. Knepper, resignation as a lieutenant m the United States navy accepted, to take effect Oote'ber 20. · Lieut. F. Swift, retired, detached command Fish H a w k to home. Ensign E. P. Svarz, to the Naval Academy, Annapolis. Md. M i d s h i p m a n H. D. Childs, when discharged from f u r t h e r attendance before the naval examining board. Washington, D. C.. to home and wait orders. "** Surgeon L. L. Von \Vedeklnd, detached carter, n a v y yard, League Island, Pa., u a \ v r e c r u i t i n g rendezvous, Chicago, 111. Surgeon T. W. Richards, detached navy recruiting rendezvous, baltlmore, Md.. and granted thirty das' leave. Surgeon C. M. De Valln, detached Naval Hosp i t a l , Philadelphia. Pa., to the Lancaster, navy a r i l . League Island. Pa. Passed Assistant Surgeon A. S. Peck, detached Bennington to Concord. Parsed Assistant Surgeon O. L. Angeny, to the Naval Hospital. Philadelphia. Pa. Passed Assistant Surgeon J. M. Moore, detached n a v y recruiting rendezvous, Chicago, 111., and wait orders. Assistant Surgeon E. M. Brown, detached navy l a r d . Mare Island. Cat., to the United States Naval Medical School. Washington. D. C.- Assistant Surgeon A. J. Geiger, to the navy yard. Mare Island. Cal. Assistant Surgeon H. F. Hall, detached Naval Hospital. Philadelphia, to the Naval Academy, Annapolis, Md. Assistant Surgeon R. O. Heiaer. detached navy yard, Washington, D. C.. to the Scorpion. A c t i n g Assistant Surgeon F. A. Richardson, detached Scorpion to the navy recruiting rendezvous, Baltimore, Md. Detroit, Mich., Sept. 28.--Maj. Louis L. Seaman, of New York, was the central figure to-day at the Ronvention of military surgeons of the United States, when he made answer to the criticisms of his utterance made last Tuesday by Surg. Charles F. Stokes, J of the United States Navy, and followed with a paper on "The Real Triumph of Japan; or, The Conquest of The Silent Foe," In which he reiterated many of his former statements and lauded the Japanese government for its,, conduct ot the sanitary and hygienic phase of the liito war. Two executive sessions of the convention were held during the forenoon, at which. It was said by members, certain utterances attributed to Ir. Soama'n In an interview In an evening paper here last night were considered. Dr. Seaman was quoted in the interview as saying that a celebrated American woman physician was regarded by the Japanese mfllical department as a monumental nuisance. Although officers of tha association refused to discuss the executive sessions, it Is said by members that It Aras decided to drop the matter, Dr. Seaman having atatfcl in open meeting previously to the second closed session recently, that he had not been talking for publication when the statements objected to were alleged to have been rrjade. Tenders His Resignation. As a result of the feeling engendered by the controversy between Dr. Seaman and his critics. Dr. Soamu-n a.t the conclusion of his paper to-day tendered his bad-ge of membership and resignation to the secretary, if it was desired, and stated that he had at no time intended to make the slightest reflection against any in- divlduJO In the government medical service, but ·was criticising at an times the In "answer to Dr. Stokes' attack on the accuracy of his statements and statistics, Dr. Seaman took them up seriatim and discussed each point at length. Answering Dr. Stokes' figures to show that his statement 'before the House Military Affairs Committee, that beri-bari was almost unknown in the Japanese army, was incorrect. Dr. Seaman said he had been referring to the Japanese no.vy In the before, ami that this remark also Intended to apply to the navy. Ays'authority for his statements about the dtaths during a certain period in Gen. Owu's array, Dr. Seaman stated that Gen. C'kuVhimself in a personal interview on the battlffleld in Manchuria last June, confirmed them. American System Criticised. Dr. Seaman, In his paper,, severely criticised the medical methods in the American army during the war with Spain. He grave the actual figures of killed, wounded, and sick In the Japanese army from February, 1904, to the end of April, 1905, which averaged nearly five deaths from bullets for one from disease, or 900 per cent, better than the average in history, and said: "This record is unparalleled and unapproached, and the medical men of the army achieved it." Then he continued: "When contemplating; these marvelous figures, with what a ghastly and melancholy smile -the hero of Manila must recall his action in censoring the cablegram of the chief aurgeon, who had requested fifty additional medical officers and 200 more nurses when the hospital wards were overcrowded, because such a dispatch would prove the falsity of his claim that he had 'the situation well in hand.' Months afterward the surgeons and nurses were provided, but not until the horrible condition was intensified, and taps had sounded the requiem for many a poor boy who had Joined the great majority. "Perhaps the same delight may solace the contemplative commander in the Cuban campaign, when he recalls his famous order at Tampa, directing the unloading of a. ship filled with medical and hospital supplies for Santiago, and the substitution of a loud of mules instead. "Or, of another major general during that war, who, on being waited upon by certain medical officers with a protest against the use of certain water, said, in resjxmse to their complaint: 'When I vva.nt your advice, I will send for you; until I do, you can attend to your own business.' "Or even If the then Secretary of War, who, when inspecting the camps at Montauk Point with the President of the UnHed States, said, on looking at a glass "of waiter furnished the troops of this infected camp, and which certain medical men -.had pronounced to contain g-erms of disease: 'Why,, it looks all right to me.' "Unt^I the line and staff officer of the ·^mej-fcan army is taught the necessity C-f" sanitation, and the medical officer is 'given rank and authority to enforce it, pur medical department must remain a htimflrating- failure. Its continuance under- gresent conditions is no less than an .'Wlience of national imbecility." · BT. MoGee 'Relates Experiences. Dr.* 1 Anita Newcomb McGee, of Wash- mgto'H, read a paper on her experiences with her party oi' American nurses in Japanese hospitals. She furnished much information of a technical nature, and while discussing the prevalence of beriberi among the Japanese soldiers, said that if all the beds in the Hiroshima Hospital were placed side by side they w.ould extend for six miles. "Consequently," she said, "it Is perfectly true when I state that I saw miles of beri- Lanto the New Store Opens Monday. Trie bis new store of Julius Garflnkle Co., 1226 F street northwest, will open its doors to the pxiblic on Monday next, October 2. The opening has been deferred until this date in . order that the very newest fall and winter merchandise rnlg-ht be shown. This opening day may well be looked forward to with keen anticipation by the ladies, for ilr. Garflnkle promises them an array of gowns, cloaks, suits, skirts, furs, and imported specialties as 1 dainty and beautiful as the fashion centers of the world can produce. It will be i the constant aim of the new flrm to sell the best and most reliable qualities 1 moderate prices. Mr. Julius Garflnkle is : well-known to the Washington public, and · will be remembered as the former buyer and manag-er for the ladies' department of i Parker, Bridget Co. In his new estab- I llshment he wil] surround himself with j competent assistants in all departments, ' and the very best service la assured. Such cocoa as Lowney's if made abroad and duties paid, would cost doable the Lowney price. .. A perfectly pure product of the high- 'est possible quality. Delicious flavor, nourishing, strengthening. The Lo-uiney Receipt Book Free, THE WALTSK M. LOWHBY CO., BO8TOR. beri cases." Discussing the supplying of Japanese hospitals by the government she said- that; the surgeons were furnlshec ·with all essentials, but nothing more and that they were not permitted to use any drugs not furnished By the government. A'tesolutlon" offered by" Gen. J. D. Grtf- flth, of Missouri, requesting- the Secretary of War to use every effort for the re-establlshmerit of the canteen and. declaring that Its abolition had resulted In a marked · Increase of disease among the soldiers, was unanimously adopted. Japanese, Explosives. Dr. Suzuki, surgeon general of the Japanese navy, made a brief talk on the Japanese explosive, shimose, which, he declared, was not poisonous, as had been stated in some quarters during the war , "It is no more poisonous than the English cordite or the French melinite," sale he. "Its fumes are- unpleasant to inhale but not poisonous." Papers were also read during the afternoon by Maj. Char.Ies Adams, of the Illinois National Guard, and Assistant Surg. Gen. G. T Vaughan, of the Marine Hospital Service At the final session this afternoon the following o'fficers were elected: President, Ljleut. Col. Albert H. Briggs, .Buffalo, N. Y.; vice presidents, Gen. Robert M. O'Reilly, U. S. A., Washington; D. C.; Admiral P. M. Rixey, U. S. N., Washington, D. C.; assistant surgeon general, G. T. Vaughan, P. H. and M. H. S., Washington, D. C.; secretary, Maj. J. E. Filcher, Carlisle, Pa.; treasurer, Maj. H. A. Arnold, National Guard Pennsylvania, Ardmore. Pa. It was voted to hold the next meeting of the convention in Buffalo, N. Y. ARMY ORDERS. Leavea of absence have been granted the following officers: First Lieut. Allen Walker, Philippine Scouta, extension of fwo months, with permission to go beyond the sea. Second Lieut. Charles H. Jennings, Thirteenth Cavalry, extension on account ol sickness, to Include November 6. Maj. Samuel W. Miller, Nineteenth Cavalry, for four months, to take effect upon his being relieved from recruiting duty, and he IB authorized to join his regiment in the Philippine Islands via the Suez Canal. Capt. Harry F. Jackson, Artillery Corps, ' ek- tenslon of five days. ' First Lieut. Edmund D. Shortlldge, assistant Burgeon, extension of one month. ' The following assignments have been made: Capt. George V. H. Moseley, ricently promoted from first lieutenant, First Cavalry, with rank from September 22, to the Fifth Cavalry. Capt, Paul H. McCook, recently promoted from first lieutenant. Second Infantry, with rank from September 22, to the Twenty-sixth Infantry. Transfers have been, made as follows: First Lieut. Philip S. Golderman, Artillery Corps, from the Seventeenth Company, Coast Artillery, to the unassigned list. Lieut. Col. Walter S. Schuyler, at his own request, from the Second Cavalry to the Third. Cavalry. Lieut. Col. LevI P. Hunt,, at his own request, from the Third Cavalry to the Second Cavalry. First Lieut. Philip Yost, from the unassigned list to the Seventeenth Company, Coast Artillery. Second Lieut. Thomas A. Jones, from the Seventy-second Company, Coast Artillery, to the Eighty-ninth Company, Coast Artillery. Second Lieut. Fielding L. Poindexter, from the 104th Company, Coast Artillery, to the Seventy- second Company, Coast Artillery. Second Lieut. Ralph E. Herring, from the unassigned list to the 104th Company, Coast Artillery. Second Lieut. Stanley 8. Ross, 'from the Twenty-eighth Company, Coast Artillery, to the Fifteenth Companj, Coast Artillery. Second Lieut. W i l l i a m T. Carpenter, from the unassigned list to the Twenty-eighth Company, Coast Artillery. First Lieut. William Korst, Seventh Infantry, now on sick leave of absence at Chllllcothe, Ohio, upon the expiration of leave has been ordered to Columbus Barracks. Ohio, and to report to the commanding officer of that post for duty until the arrival of the Seventh Infantry at Its station in the United States. Lieut. Col. Daniel M. Taylor* Ordnance Department, at the expiration of his present sick leave of absence has been ordered to Chicago, 111., and. to report In person to the commanding general. Department of the Lakes, for duty as chief ordnance officer of that department. The leave of absence on account of sickness granted Second Lieut. Charles H. Jennings, Thirteenth Cavalry, In special orders, No. 170, July 25, War Department, has been extended to Include November 6, 1905, on account of sickness. Capt. Deane C. Howard, assistant surgeon, haa been ordered to report October 10 to Maj. William H. Arthur, surgeon, president of the examining board at the Army Medical Museum, Washington, D. C., for examination for promotion. Capt. Charles H. Hunter, Artillery Corps, haa been ordered to report October 9 to Lieut. Col. Sedgwick Pratt, Inspector general, president of the examining board at the Presidio of San Francisco,' Cal., for examination for promotion. The board of officers at Fort McDowell, Cal., for the examination of officers to determine their fitness for promotion, has been dissolved, to take effect upon the completion of business now before it. All papers heretofore sent to the board from the Department will be returned to the military secretary's office. War Department. Paragraph 11, special orders, No. 221, September 23, 1905, War Department, has been amended so as to direct the post quartermaster at Fort D. A. Russell, Instead of the post quartermaster at Fort Mackenzie, Wyo., in addition to his other duties, to assume charge, under instructions of the quartermaster general of the army, of construction work at Cheyenne, Wyo., during the absence of Capt. William S. Scott, quartermaster, on leave. The resignation by First Lieut. George Deiss, Artillery Corps, of his commission as an officer of the army, has been accepted by the President, to take effect January 1, 1906. Lieut. Deiss 13 a native of France and began his service in the United States army In June, 1891, as a private n the First Artillery. In October, 1889, he was appointed second lieutenant of the Twenty-fifth Infantry, and in April, 1901, was transferred to the Artillery Corps, in which arm he reached the grade of first lieutenant in the following May. Sergt. First Class Charies L. Leonard, Hospital Corps. Manila, Philippine Islands, has been relieved from f u r t h e r duty in the Philippine division and will be sent to San Francisco, Cal. "Upon arrival at the depot of recruits and casuals. Fort McDowell, Cal., he will report to the commanding officer of that post. Private First Class Will M. Turrell, Hospital Corps, general hospital, Fort Bayard, New Mexico, will be sent to Fort McPherson, Ga., reporting upon arrival to the commanding officer for duty. Sergt. George W. Berry, Twenty-first Battery, Field Artillery, now at Fort Sill, Okla. T., will bp sent to Fort Sheridan, 111., reporting upon arrival to the commanding officer for observation and treatment. Private William Hartman, who deserted December IT, 1902, from Company F, Nineteenth Infantry, and surrendered September 6, 19057 while aerving as a private. Company B, Fifteenth Infantry, the Presidio of Monterey, Cal., under the name of Frank Hartman, and who has been held to service under his present enlistment without trial for fraudulent enlistment, will be discharged without honor from Company F, Nineteenth Infantry, by reason of desertion, by the commanding officer of the post in the Philippine Islands where his company Is stationed. The discharge certificate will be forwarded to the military secretary of the army. Movements of Naval Vessels. Arrived: Solace, Farragut, Fox. Prtble, Davic, and Marblehead, at Mare Island: Cleveland, at San Juan. Sailed: Ohio, Oregon, Baliibrld«e, Barry, Chauncey. Dale, Decatur, Qulros. and General Alava, from Chefoo for Shanghai; Wisconsin, from Chetoo for Yokohama; Nanshen, from CheEoo for Cavite; Callao, from Hongkong for Canton: Lconldas, from Province-town for Lambert Point; Alexander, from ·Guam for Cavite; Sylph, from Oyster Bay for Washington. The Whipp-Ie was placed in commission In reserve on September 6 at the Norfolk Navy Yard and assigned to the torpedo flotilla. T5ie Celtic has b-en ordered placed in commission at the Puget Found Navy Yard American Officers in St. Petersburg. St. Petersburg, Sept. 28.--Capt. T. Bintley Mo'tt. United States military attache here, arrived in St. Petersburg to-day, to be received' in farewell audience* by the Emperor. Maj. William W. Gibson succeeds Capt. Mott. Capt. Sidney A. Cloman, upon arriving- here from Manchuria, will remain In St. Petersburg as attache until Maj. Gibson's arrival, about two months hence. Company H, Twenty-sixth Infantry. Company H. Twenty-sixth Infantry (two officers and fifty-nine enlisted men), has arrived at Fort Mclmtosb. Tex., for ·batloa. *^X.K"-K!^*«^M~:^«^~:'*** 24.19 Per Cent. Increase In Sales This Month. to SEPT. FURNITURE That's the office report date. Last September was a hard month to beat, too, for not only were the house sales un- iisually large, but a number of government contracts came in that month's business. Couldn't be a better compliment for the values we're offering now. $20 Chair or Rocker, . . . Splendidly designed, splendidly built pieces of furniture j for either the parlor or library. M a h o g - a n y -finish frames--tapestry coverings. | W. B. Moses Sons, F St., Cor. 11th. | W*^:^:^«:H-:~H.HH-:H-M~»^^ NEWS OF THE RAILROADS. "W. H. Roberts has been appointed road- master of the Cane Island route. President Underwood, of the ESrle, has one on a trip to ths Pacific Coast. George C. Cowles has been made chiot engineer of the Guthrie, Falrview and Western. President Cassatt, of the Pennsylvania, has returned to Phllaiielphfci from hie Maine vacation. W D. P. Stubbs has resigned as division passenger agent of the Southern Paciflo at I/aiay- ette. La. James McCrea, first vice president of the Pennsylvania lines, has returned from a six -weeds' tour abroad "W. D. Webster has been appointed commercial agent of the Georgia Southern and Florida at Valdosta, Ga. The annual meeting- of the Railway Signal Association will be held et Niagara Falls on October 10, 11, and 12. J. H. 'Harris has been appointed general iperinteneent of the Midland Valley, In charge of maintenance of operation. A. R. Duncan has been appointed car accountant of the Missouri Pacific system, w U h leadquarters at St. Louis, Mo. Western freight classification No. 39, a k i n g effect on October 1, has been Issued by the Western classification committee. The appointment is announced of W. I*. argent as j o i n t division land and immigration agent of the 'Frisco and Texas Midland. An expenditure of $10,000,000 for extensive Improvements of the entire system is contem- Juted by !lie Boslozi and MaJno Railroad. F. A. Durban, president of the Detroit. Toledo and Ironton, has been elected u director of he Ann Arbor, succeeding Joseph Ramsey, jr. The Chicago, Milwaukee and St. Paul Company Has decided to commence immediately to build 1,000 freight cars at Its shops in Milwaukee. R. Mallen has succeeded the late W. B. aalllvaii as road toreman of engine^s of the Biil- Imora and Ohio Southwestern at Chillioot'i.;, Ohio. J. F. Cook has succeeded Charles !/. Brevoort, -who- resigned as terminal trainmaster or he Baltimore and Ohio Southwestern at C i n c i n n a t i , Ohio. J. F. Elder, general manager of. the Midland Valley,' has been appointed' traffic manager, end the position of general manager has been abol- shed. The Pennsylvania, according to Phl'adel- ihia dispatches, is to build a new double t i a c k Hue rom Morrisville. on the Delaware River, to iVa- r erly. H. Howard Benedict, formerly customs agent of the Mexican Central Railroad at El Paso, Tex., died last week at his home in Brooklyn, V. Y. Dennis H. Lundergan, f o r m e r l y divl- ;lon freight agent of the Butfal), Rochester and n ittsburg, died at Buffalo, N. Y., used fifty-two 'ears. The orator of the convention of general lassengcr agents in Mexico City on October 17 vill be D. W. Cooke, assistant traffic manager of he Erie. The lines entering Louisville will ask the ourts f'lr a standing order p r o h i b i t i n g scalpers from ver again h a n d l i n g any excursion tickets Issued by he railroads. G. E. Gouts has been appointed city pas- enger agents of the Erie at Chicago, 111 , aod C B. L«ach has been assigned to a similar position at Cleveland^ Ohio. An increase of two cents per 103 pounds n the proportional grain rate between St. Louts md Louisville is to be made by the Central freight Association. The statement of the Reading Relief As- .ociatlon for July shows an expenditure of $1D.- i07.20, of which $8,950 was paid for deaths and 10,967.20 for disability According to the most recent German tatiS'tici, the length of the railroads of the world was 537,105 miles on December 31, 1904, of which 70,386 miles were in America. T. H. Goodman, general passenger agent if the Southern Pacific at San Francisco, C«I., haa sked to be relieved from active July, and will bo elired on a. pension September 30. The Pennsylvania has found it necessary to add another car to the equipment of its Ighteen-hour train between Chicag-o and New r olk, giving the train five cars regularly. x H. U. Mudge confirms the report that he Santa Fe is endeavoring to purchase the Rock rlund, St. Louis and Kansas City line, which will ie the Santa Fe Its desired entrance into St. oU1s The report that has been circulated to he effect that A. C. Bird, vice prosside-it of the Oculd lines in charge of trafflj. w i l l retire at an riy date on account o' ill health is officially denied. It Is stated that the Alabama Car Serve Association has decided to pl.ico cotton under the car service rules prescribing the regular demurrage charges for de-lay in loading and unloading cars. Charles A. King, heretofore assistant general freig-ht agent of the Chicago and Alton, has been appointed general fre.ight agent of that road, with headquarters at Chicago, to take effect on October 1. The new terminal of the 'JLackawanna road at the foot of West Twenty-third street. New "icrk, waa opened last week. The b u i l d i n g ij steel and fireproof, and la the most imposing and picturesque structure on the river front. W. E. Knox, general agent of the Alabama mineral division of the Louisville and TO ville at Anniston, Ala., has besu appointed gcn- GI al freight agent of the Atlanta and West Point Railway, witli headquarters in M o n t g o m e r y . Ala. A special meeting of th.e stockholders of the Chicago Great Western has \rjted an increase in the issue of preferred "B" stock from · $10.COO-,000 to $24,000,000, the proceeds to be used !o pay for securities of the Mason City and Fort Dodge Railway. The Baltimore and Ohio a n n o u n c e s that henceforth baggage insurance tickets will be sold by the agents and baggagemen of that company at its principal offices. The insurance covers losses of all kinds from the time the baggage leaves its 1 home. General Passenger Agent Ryan, of t h = Seaboard Air Line, t-as t h a t inslo-o of two years h i , road will be running both freight and passenger trains i n t o Cincinnati, probably on a trackage agreement over the Chesapeake and Ohio from the Big Sandy. I m p o r t a n t economies In shop operation as a result of the introduction of oil for f u e l were r rerorted at the last meeting of the Paciilc Coast Railway Club by Mr. Stephen Uren, general foreman of the Southern Pacific's blacksmith siiop at Sacramento. William J. Leahy has been appointed to first assistant general passenger agent of the Kock Island, a new position. He will be succeeded as assistant general passenger agent in St. Louts by Mr. Hall S. Ray, general Eastern passenger agent in New York. E l i j a h B. Phillips, p r o m i n e n t l y i d e n t i f i e d w i t h railroad management in the West prior io 18!'0, and formerly president of the Fitcliburg Railroad, now a part of the Boston and Maine, died at his home in Brookline, Mass., at the a£e of eighty-six yeana. The board of estimates and apportionment of CJieuter New York has ^rauU'j t j (he New Yorit and Port Chester Railroad Company the f r a n c h i s e to c o m p u t e its line w i t h i n the corporate l i m i t s 0? t h a t c i t y , and has directed the comptroller to pi-t pore the necessary ordinance-:. From traffic officials of the more important lines in the Central traffic territory and in. the West, as well as. the S o u t h e r n lines, come reports of record-breaking movement of freight, v.liich in nearly all cates seems to be accompanied by the cars and the capacity to handle it. The Tidewater Railroad, assuming that it is carried to completion in accordance v/lth present plans, may have the effect of delaying; the- inevitable double tracking ot the Norfolk and Western, but It Is extremely u n l i k e l y thjt it w i l l red u c e this road's v o l u m e of traffic below its present lei el. The governors of eight States--Arkansas, Texas, Florida, South Carolina, N o r t h Carolina, Virginia, M a r j l a n d , and Delaware--arcapted the invitation of J. C. Stubbs, traffic director of the Southern Pacific, to attend the opening of the Industrial and- A g i i c u l t u r a l Exhibit of Louisiana and Texas products at Conrord, N'. H. AWAIT DE GRAW'S DECISION'. Expected It Will' Be Favorable to the Mail-order Houses. While Fourth Assistant Postmaster General De Graw is not ready to announce Ms decision, it is understood that It will j be favorable to the mail-order houses in j the controversy between those concerns | and the country merchants as to whether I the privilege of receiving mail by box , numbers phall be extended. to patrons on | rural routes. Section 7 Df the postal regulations s.'ivs: "Mail addressed merely to the number of a box may bt delivered to the holder thereof so long' as no improper Or unlawful business is conducted in this manner." Under this authority the Fourth Assistant says he is empowered, if so Inclined, to permit rural patrons to receive their mail by box number. The country merchant and small jobber who bupplies him are making- a bitter fight against the proposed mail-box order, and the chances are they will carry the case to the Postmaster General If they lose the present appeal. Killed in FigM About Tip. Lancaster, Pa., Sept. 28.--Thomas Murdock, colored, a waiter In a hotel here, was stabbed to death to-day by Samuel Stanton, also colored, and a waiter at the same hotel. The men quarreled over a tip. Book News To-day's News. A shelf-clelaring- day--with quick selling prices for oddments. Stationery. as we 'l as Books. Read the list below and hurry here. PALAIS J?OYVIL. 0therswil1 I On Bargain Table. Near Eleventh Street Door. SOc to $1 Cloth-hound Books, many different titles; choice for 15c 25c Hand Books. Book of Jokes, Recitations, Dialogues, and Letter Writing. Reduced to Handy Volume Classics; in half leather; about 25 good titles; published at 50c. Reduced to bound 17 c Lxit of Gift Books in ooze l e a t h e r bindings; published at $1. Reduced to "The Simple Life," original and authorized edition. Reduced to P u b l i s h e d at $1.00. lOc roll Crepe Paper, all colors. Reduced to loc Decorated Crepe Paper, new designs 12c 5c 9c Albums Much Reduced. On glass-top case at E l e v e n t h street door you'll find a few dozen. Albums, with hurts hardly noticeable, reduced to less than the wholesale prices. Scrap A l b u m s , Post Card Albums, Postage Stamp Albums, all kinds of Albums. American Tract Society's Books, for boys and girls; 50 titles; clean, healthy stories; indorsed by the church; regular 60c edition The Alma Series of Masterpieces; selections from six American and six English authors; 12 volumes; cloth, with gold decorations; published at $5.00 Every school boy or grirl wants the Ready Reference Atlas of the World. All colored maps, with an index giving latest population figures Samantha at the St. Louis Exposition. By Josiah Allen's wife; fully illustrated; published at $1.50 TI1K OONPESSaOiNS OF OlVASiS TTTDO'W, by Kate T'hyson Marr. This book is in its 250th edition. R.egu- l,irl $1.00 H'ER ROYAL, HIGH- NIOSLS--WOMAN, by Max O'Rell. Original $1.50' edition $2.48 vants f the 7c 39c Thf Xcw American Speaker, w i t h recit.itions. di ilogues readings, o r a t i o n s and toasts: clo-th b o u n d : 47-1 pages; published at $1.00 "The A f f a i r at t h e I n n . " By Kato Lougj;is \VlK $1.25 e d i t i o n Rulers of Kings." By G e r t r u d e A t h e r t o n . $1 50 edition For A u l d A r u u a i n t a n c e A of old songs, he.iHhs. toasts senti- m e n t ^ , a n d v " - ^ a y i n y s , a loving cup book; publ'.u'n- ed at $1.25 Kvery visitor to W a s h i n g t o n w a n t s the $2.00 S i u - veiilr Book we are selling for THE A M E R I C A N D I A R Y OF A J-\PAKESIC G I R U by Mi-*s Morning GJory. A hand-so girt Vnxk. Illustrated in colors. Prlee, $1 BO net EI,sat: BOOKS FOR GIRLS. 23 t i t l e s , by MrUia Finley. TJvery snr! w i l l f a l l in w i t h " t h e KICK'S. Published at $1.25 We 55c 89c «, sonti- ^9c 95c RL3. 23 59c Stationery at 5c. Worth Up to SOc. Bunker Hill Bond Pf.ppr at id Hnvelopes. Marcus Ward's Pongee Bond Paper and Envelopes, Kurd's M o u m i n g Paper and K n v e l u p i - s ; . i l l l i i g h - gracle Qualities; 5c q u i r e for paps' r ana Be for envelopes; w o r t u u j i t» jOo. Cloth-finish W r i t i n g Paper; white, gray, and blue; usually 40c pound .... 15c 50c. el Pen.s, ono arrows, rt-Od, in box , usual Is* Reduced to ........ ...... 19 c THE PALAIS ROYAL, Open Unlil 6 o'clock. G and Eleventh Sis. AMUSEMENTS. New National Theater To-night at 8, Mat. Sat. at 2. I Z A R D O F O z Fred Stone as the Scarecrow. David Montgomery as the Tin Woodman, Now on Sale. NO ADVANCE IN PRICES. World's IHerrses!! ONLY 8 PERFORMANCES J o e W e b e r ALL-STAR COMPANY, I n c l u d i n g M A R I E DRESSLER, C H A R A . E I C K L O W , T R I X I K F I U G A N Z A , SAM C O L L I N h . MARION G \ R S O N , ED'.V. J ( O N . \ D L L Y , E R M I X I B D.AHLE. E R N E S T I\ \IHE1JT, EDYTHE MOVER, =AM M A R I O N ' , -- A X D - , JOE W E B E R . In the Tv,o M u o l c n l T r i u m p h s . HIGGLED Y-PtGCLEDY -- A N D -The College Widower. Mats. Wedneslay and S a t u r d a y at 2 '6 AMUSEMEKTS. To-night at 8:15 Mat. bat. at 2:15. ONLY THREE TIMES MORE, Fred G. Berger Presents an Elaborate P r o d u c t i o n of THE TRUTH A C O M i : U V B Y M M I T H A M O T T O M . xi.XT VI:I:K-SKATS ON SALE. R K j H N T S HEM:- oni:ssiTT MINNIE WILLIAM P r e s e n t i n g th? T ^ o - a c t Fa: omtdy, KiHG OF KQKCHfO." 8 HFHYEYTE L. OPERA HOUSE- ALL THIS WEEK. WELLS DLNX1-:. and HARLAN Present IN THE B R I L L I A N T MUSICAL. SUCCESS, NANCY BBOflN. M A T I N E E S WEDNESDAY a n d S A T U R D A Y . .TEST SEATS. EVCB. , 25c 25c Good Seats, SOc. LL T O - D A Y AT 4. Nationals vs. St. Louis American League Park, 7th and Florida Ave. ST Fopt 2" or] .'0. 60 BEAUTY CHORL'S W H O C A N REALLY SING. Married Women Every woman covets a shapely, pretty figure, an4 many of them deplore the loss of their girlish forma after marriage. The bearing of children is often destructive to the mother's shapeliness. All of this can bCj avoided, however, by the use of Mother's Friend before baby comes, as this great liniment always prepares the body for the strain upon it, and preserves the symmetry of her form. Mother's Friend overcomes all the danger of child-birth, and carries the expectant mother safely through this critical period without pain. It is woman's greatest blessing. Thousands gratefully tell of the benefit and relief derived from the use of this wonderful remedy. Sold by all druggists at $1.00 per bottle. Our little book, telling 1 all about this liniment, will be sent free. Tit Britiieid Re^lator Co., Atlanta, Ga. Mother's Next Week. Seals Ready. NELLIE BEAUMONT, HENRY V. DONNELLY And a Big Company In the SERIO COMIC GOVERNESS. POLITE VAODEVILLB DAILY MATS , 25c. EVE'S, 25 and SOc Laughter and Applause \V111 Alternate. MAY YOKES and CO., in "The Model Maid." The Famous ORAXD OPERA TEIO in the great "F*aupt" prison sc np. The NICHOLS SISTERS In new act. The wonder- f u l DOLLAR TROUPE. Pete Baker. Tho Taylor | Twin. Sisters, Alfonsc Silvano. "The Servant (3irl Problem" Motion Pictures. N e x t "Week -- Clay Clement and Co. Blanche Sloan. James Walthour and Co. Max Waldon, r. "SEEING Ey the Safe und Superbly Equipped Seeing Washington Automobiles. Thrfc« Trips Erery Iay--Rain or l-hlne--10 a. m-* 2 and 4 p. m. Fare, jj. Only Starting I J I "I /£ C* II U/ Place f r o m 141 I U d i p H» If, Opposite U S. Treasury--'Phone Main 3019. Seeing Public Buildings. Statues. Famous Redden ces, Parks, Embassies, and 1 tOO Other Poiat»« Expert Guides E x p l a i n E v e r y t h i n g , D o n ' t bf misled by ctieap 'mltatlons of our s*. perlor and o r i g i n a l service. BR!GHTWOODl)RlVING CLUB Fall Race Meeting. OCTOBER, 3. 4, 5, AND 6. Three Trotting and Pacing Rices and One Running Race Ea^ch Day. ALL AROUND WASHINGTON. T h ; most COMPLETE. PKJiFECT s-l SA Tfg. FACTORY tour ot the Capita! City. In the mo*t c o m t : r a b ; e and bt*t.-c-qulpp«d of the sUtu B eelng roaci ea. AUTOMOBILE 999 z p o i n t s , peb: s. Ahk for i O r i g i n a l Method. ~) e O r i g i n a l Koute. Original lecturer.J Seeing historic points. p e b M e buildings, famous residences. Ahk for f MATS . TUBS.. THURS. SAT. ACADEMY HOWARD HALL, IN THE NEW COM-EDT MELODRAMA, -THE- MILLION IRE DETECTIVE. W OF TBB HIGHBINDERS." t The O r i g i n a l Method The i The Three trips £ally, rain or shine, 10 p. m. and 4 p. 'm. Only starttni; points. 521 14th rt nw.. and 14tk and Pa. ave. nw. (opposite .New Willard Houlk Telephone, Main 2261 m., * WUy poy 10 per cent, when you can It tor 3 per cent. Established T8TO. 314 NINTH STREET N. W. Money loaned on Watches, Diamond*. ^^ NEWSPAPER! IV Jewelry, Silverware. o. EW IV

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