The Courier News from Blytheville, Arkansas on September 17, 1954 · Page 10
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The Courier News from Blytheville, Arkansas · Page 10

Blytheville, Arkansas
Issue Date:
Friday, September 17, 1954
Page 10
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PAGE TEN BLYTHEVILLE (ARK.)' COURIER NEWS FRIDAY, SEPTEMBER 17, 1954 REVIEW AND FORECAST USDA Supplies Big Farm News Soybean Acreage Ceiling Is Off for '55 With little doubt, the big news for Southeast Missouri and Northeast Arkansas farmers this week came out of Washington where Secretary of Agriculture Ezra Benson announced a relaxing of farm acreage controls for 1955. Frankly, the '55 farm outlook for farmers of this area was beginning to be bleak. They expected tight controls on all row and grain crops with a certain amount of acreage which would have to go to alfalfa or other grass crops. Sudden Change This future took a sudden change on the announcement out of Washington. In effect, Secretary Ben- , son's ruling says to this county's farmers, "You may still plant all the soybeans you wish." And this is precisely what many of them were aching to hear. The" Secretary gave two reasons for this relaxation of government controls: Two Reasons 1. Congress' approval of flexible price supports which figures to save KILL JOHNSON GRASS ATLACIDE DOES IT And it is safe. Stop Johnson Grass Now before it takes the farm. Atlacide kills the plant, and kills the roots. Next Spring sow any crop desired. USE ATLACIDE DURING AUGUST AND SEPTEMBER. E. C. ROBINSON LUMBER CO. Blytheville, Ark, UNCLE SAM'S FARM SURPLUS INCREASES—A 16-month supply of wheat was being held by the U. S Government at the end of Feb. 1954, almost Double the amount held during 1953. according to the National Industrial Conference Board. Above Newschart shows farm items held by the government during the two-year period, and how long the supply of each would last at the present rate of consumption. The cotton stockpile grew from iess than three months' supply to almost a year's supply, while butter rose from a half-month supply to almost three months'. IRRIGATION FOR MORE PROFITS Helpful information in planning supplemental irrigation that should be furnished by your Irrigation Engineer 1 L. Determine the source of water supply, if a deep well, spot Uie proper location. This is necessary not only for row-irrigation, but an important factor if flumes are io be constructed. ^ I. A farm survey, which shows the slope, soils, erosion factors, profile characteristics and land use capabilities. X. A map or plat to show elevations, existing turn-rows and roads, the lateral farm drains and main ditches, designate the farm drains that may be converted into flumes to carry water. Designate the points on lateral drains where control structures must be installed to hold water at an elevation determined by surveys and show all other existing features pertinent to drainage or irrigation. With irrigation, adequate drainage becomes of greater importance, water must go in and out. 4. While the irrigation of the entire farm may not b« planned at first, the plans should provide for future, expansion, insofar as possible. I do not sell irrigation equipment, J. W. Meyer, Civil Engineer Blytheville, Ark. Office Phone 2-2261 — Residence 3-8667 Pemiscot Notes By W. F. James/ Pemiscot County Agent Did Tour Cotton Fertilizer Pay? ( self sold. More fertilizer was used under Henry Tanner Of Stewart Corn- cotton in Pemiscot County this year than was ever used before. A number of farmers have already told me that they believe the unfertilized cotton in some field is better than where fertilizer was used. I have no doubt that such is the case in some instances. I've seen plenty of instances where no fertilizer was applied on two adjoining fields yet the yields were greatly different. The point I'm making is, you need to leave some untreated rows in your treated field to keep your- the Department of Agriculture money on its support of surplus crops; and 2. Need of grain and other feed crops due to this, the third, in a series of drought years. With this ruling, the soybean, long the crop to take up the slack during years of acreage controls on cotton, moves back into prominence in this area. Harvest Is Hot Elsewhere on the farm front, harvest of the 1954 cotton crop was shoved into hign gear with the advent of Mexican and hill labor and increased use of mechanical cotton pickers. Dry picking weather and fast- maturing cotton have made the me- munity showed me where he ran out of fertilizer hi his cotton field and you had no difficulty seeing it. John L. James of Steelel eft some untreated rows in his field and the difference is quite evident. Of course the final picking will tell the story.. Take a • look at our cotton fertilizer plots on the J. B. Ephlin Farm 1 mile west of Deering. They're marked and you won't have to wait until the cotton is picked to know that the fertilizer made a big difference. ' There are no doubt many instances where fertilizer was ineffective due to not getting it deep enough and to the water holding capacity of the soil being extremely low. Opportunity to Recover If you drill in a good stand of vetch or vetch and rye this fall where your fertilizer was not used by the cotton you are getting ready to cash in on a good thing. This green crop will take up the plant food this fall and next spring. When you turn it under and allow it to decay in the spring you might say the table is all set with "predigested plant food" for your cotton crop. When Are Sweet Potatoes Ready? Most folks prefer a sweetpotato Chemicals May Hurt Beans Drying Agents Havt Cut Yields in Past FAYETTEVILLE — Arkansas soybean growers who are thinking of using pre-harvest drying chemicals to advance the normal date of soybean harvest were warned today that yields of beans have been reduced as much as 16 per cent by that practice. Dr. Paul 1C. Smith, associate agronomiist with the University of Arkansas' Agricultural Experiment Station, studied the effect of pre- harvest drying of soybeans during the last three years. In his work he included three maturity groups: group V represented by S-100 and Dorman, group VI represented by Ogden and Lee, and the variety Roanoke in group VII. Shed-A-Leaf spray was applied 2 \veks before normal maturity. The gallonage rate varied, with enough spray being applied to completely wet all of the foliage. Harvest'dates for the three groups were advanced by an average of 6, 8, and 2 days, Dr. Smith reported, but this was accompanied by a decrease in yields. For the three-year period, yields In groups V, VI, and VII were reduced by 16, 8, and 7 per cent, respectively. Teh pre-harvest chemical had very litle effect on percentages of oil and protein in the beans, or on germination. "These results indicate that farmers who need to get their beans harvested early may find it more practical to grow earlier maturing varieties and plant earlier in the spring, rather than rely on chemicals to advance harvest date," Dr. Smith stated. Several other advantages claimed for the use of pre-harvest drying chemicals on soybeans were not studied by Dr. Smith. These include such points as prevention of weed seed development, easier combining of beans, and more uniform maturity throughout the field. These claims have been studied mother states, but the results obtained have varied. There is general agreement in all the work, however, that for what-, ever purpose the chemical is used, it cannot be applied earlier than 1 week before normal maturity without causing some reduction in seed yields, according to Dr. Smith. Orchids Many varieties 01 orchids are as common in their native tropics as daisies and milkweed in our northern fields. The orchid family, which comprises more than 15,000 species, has several members native to the United States. The bald eagle is rather rare in the United States and federal laws now protect it. chanical picker again something to | that weighs about 6 to 8 oz. When- be desired and more farmers this fall began turning their attention toward the big machines. Estimates as to how much of the crop has been moved from the fields thus far differ widely, running as high as 30 percent in some areas to as low as five and unde ri others where farmers balked las week on a high picking price. Fall seeding thus far has been ight, with some rye having bee put in. Most feel the dry weathe none too conducive. BIN MOM EVERY DRY .WITH A JOHN DEERE' No. 55 - Hi Hie Leader tftht Selt-fmftllek! Every day in the field with the John Deere No. 55 Self-Propelled is a big day—big in acreage harvested—big in bushel* binned. Up on the operator's platform, you're in 'complete command of the "eafr'jnesr" combine in the field. All controls are at your finger-tip*. You can instantly raise or lower the hydrauKcally controlled platform—Instantly change the travel speed to match field and crop conditions "on the nose/' What's more, after a big day in the field you're not tuckered out—and you don't look or feel a< though you'd been through a dust storm. Come in and let us tell you the complete story on this great combine. MISSCO IMPLEMENT CO Phone 3*4434 South Highway 61 /fe* JOHN DEERE Dealer/** QUALITY FARM EQUIPMENT ever the majority of your sweet- potatoes reach the size that you prefer that is the time to dig. The later you harvest them, generally, the higher will be their production. About the time that frost arrives is a good time to dig them. If sweetpotatoes are chilled it lowers their quality and then they usually do not keep well. As soon as it frosts or before the soil temperature reaches 50 degrees F they should be dug. Sweetpotatoes are tender and should be harvested carefully. Every place the skin is broken offers a place for diseases to enter and cause rotting. Curing: Sweetpotatoes Curing after digging was formerly thought to be important in removing excess moisture from the potatoes and so was largely considerec a process of drying out the roots for better storage. The newer viewpoint has led to keeping the roots in a moist atmosphere after curing- so as to aid healing and prevent condensation of moisture on the roots from the walls in the curing room. The object of curing therefore is to heal wounds quickly and hasten the thickening of the skin to give protection against rot. Healing occurs in 10 to 14 days f sweetpotatoes are cured at 80 to 85 F. and 90% relative humidity, immediately after digging. In 'act curing at 84 F. for four days s usually -.ample with some va- i rieties. The Mount Palomar telescope has penetrated space to a, depth of 2,000,000,000 light years KENT ojfoejn, KING SIZE SAM* KING SHI •fld RtGUUR KIRBY'S DRUG STORE 2nd and Main MAKI YOUR OWN R Al IHMNKUNG IS *OOD CROP INSURANCE btcaus* if makes rf pot- iible lor you to irrigate wbtfti «od you nwd to» THf A-M SYSTEM give* yo« many •xclutfrt patented f turetl & m«*m faster, eatier, foolproof coupling and t •oijplmgl Every valve, coupling and fitting •* made of I fees* aloy . . . YET A-M SYSTEMS COST NO MORE* FMf Dealers Wanted! A-M SPRINKLER IRRIGATION SYSTEMS McKINNON'S Irrigation Equipment Co. Manila, Ark. Phone 111 DO YOU KNOW —What is the first name and middle initial of Mr. Nunn, owner of NUNN PROVISION CO. located at Cherry & Railroad Streets? ... Who are the salesmen? The more folks with whom you "get acquainted"—the more enjoyment oi life will be yours. In business and in social contacts "knowing the persons Bi THEIR NAMES" is most important. "LETS GET ACQUAINTED" . . . will feature PEOPLE, those friends of yours at our places of business who serve your daily needs !.! J Another Great Tractor OLIVER ... the All-New 2-3 Plow SUPER 55 New—from end to end! Greater in power, flexibility, handling ease and utility than any tractor of comparable type! Low and compact—only 50 l /z" to top of hood, 73-inch wheel base. Four-wheel stability, with tread adjustment from 48 to 76 inches. Choice of two new, overhead valve engines for the fuel that saves the most—high-compression gasoline, full diesel. And, all these modern features at no extra cost— si? forward speeds with a new super low... built-in hydraulic system and 3-point hitch linkage for the full line of low- cost tools... smooth, long-lasting double-disc brakes... "Tac-Hourmeter"...steering mechanism that's twice as easy to turn. Available is the famous independently controlled PTO and many other practical units. See this sparkling new Super 55 soon as you it...arrange for a free work test. OLIVER Farmers Implement 900 N. 6th Company Ph ARRENTINE ETTER UILT CONSTRUCT/ON; Electrically welded all steel body with expanded metal sides. SIZES AVAILABLE: 3 Bale, 15' x 6'8"—5 Bale, 20' x 7'6". Hf/GHf; All cotton bodies are 4!/i'. APPX. WEIGHT: 3 Bale, 970 Ibs.—5 Bale, 1462 Ibi. REMOVABLE SIDES: Sides removable for use in general hauling. FLOATS AVAILABLE: Floats available less sides. Grain Bodies also available in 110 and 130 Bushel Siies. 705 Clear Lake Ave. BlythevHIe, Arkansas Ph. 3-6978

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