PAGE TEN BLYTHEVTLLE (ARK.)' COURIER KEWi FRIDAY, OCTOBER T, 1055 REVIEW -FORECAST Fall Is Time of Year When FeedersMay Give Some Trouble Fall, the season in which feeder, of the cattle or in the kind? and cattle' move from pa.-iures and | quantities of infectious agents thai anges to fields and feed lots in largo numbers, is practically here, say present. Shipping teve fre- Dr A"H'Groth, Dean of the School (iiiently bo&in with a watery di.s- of Veterinary Medicine at the Uni-j charge from eyes and no.se, a cout:h versity of Missouri. ' may develop, ,md cattle will refuse Within a -short time after cattle • K-ed. At first, the temperature is of- have been moved, both they and ! ten high and then may drop a lew their new owners may have trou-! degrees. In three or four d:iys, they bles in one or more forms. (either begin to improve or they be- There is a great tendency to ig-I come worse and pneumonia devel- nore reasons for this trouble and j ops. Sometimes there are digestive only get concerned after one or j disturbances—the cnitle first being several animals are sick. Groth | constipated followed by diarrhea, points out. For this reason, causes j Occasionally, there are nervous of sickness should be considered be- symptoms that may be confused fore shipping. Many feeder catle are raised under range or semi-range conditions. They roam over large areas and are with rabies. Pivvenuon is me most effective way of dealing with shipping fever, j Groth points out. Unfortunately, to not "in close contact with other ani- j be effective, preventive measures mals and are not exposed to many j must be taken at least three weeks infectious agents. They have had i before cattle are shipped. Since little contact with man and are not accustomed to handling. this involves additional handling of the cattie, it is not always practical. they have lived on feed and water j A five cubic centimeter dose of a much different trom thai they have at their new home. . As a part of the feeder movement, cattle are penned, loaded, and mov- ill! mixed bovine bacterin followed ' week Inter with another dose of ten cubic centimeters of the same bac- terin is helpful in building resisted long distances. Fright, strange surroundings, . different feed and water, and rough handling often result in cattle failing to get enough food, water, and rest. Their resistance is lowered and at the same time they are exposed to bacteria, viruses, protozoa, and parasites against which no resistance has been developed. Shipping fever—a term that is used to cover a rather wide variety of infections—may develop in the herd. In some years, there is much more trouble from shipping 1 fever than in others. Probably, this is because of variations in susceptibility ance to many bacterial infections. However, there are certain steps that can and should be taken by every feeder cattle buyer. First, when cat tie are received on the I arm, they should be placpii in comfortable surroundings, sheltered from wind and rain, but not necessarily Maloch Says By D. V. MALOCH Mississippi County Agent What Make* Hard Sprout? I Some farmers prefer [lie central Some factors which tend to make I farrowing in house that can be hird seed sprout are raising and j easily cleaned and disinfected; oth- lowering the temperature, depth of i ers Prefer portable hog houses so stabled. A shed good. They should since most feeder windbreak be fed lightly cattle are not used to being fed grain and hay. Feeding rates should be increased gradually. An important part of the change is to provide plenty of water. Surprisingly, many mid-west feed lots OFF TO KAXSAS CITY — Charles Chrisco, winner of the Efficiency Cotton Production Contest sponsored by the American Potash Institute, looks over phins for his trip to Kansas City which is being awarded him as part of his prize. He leaves Sunday and returns Thursday. The son of Mr. and Mrs. Clay Chrisco of Luxora, he is 16 and produced 10.5 bales on five acres last year. He's a member of the Luxora Future Farmers of America chapter. (Courier News Photo) 50 B ° oRERSOHflBlE! "Frlzby said he'd be a little late. He stopped by BLYTHEVILLE PROPANE CO. to buy his wife a Caloric Gas Range .... said they're 'S-n-o-o Reasonable'." FARMERS! Clean Your Own Beans and SAVE With the Clipper Bean and Grain Cleaner • Lightweight • Compact • Completely Portable SEE IT TODAY! BYRLIM IMPLEMENT CO. IIS E. Alain Phone 3-1-10-1 Pemiscot Notes By W. F. James- Pemiscot County Agent "Pickin' Problems" . picking gets about the same grade. If you're trying to decide whether j However, good hand picking will or not Lo defoliate your cotton and have it piekeii by a mechanical harvester, you're not by yourself. Here are a few considerations which might help you decide. A good job of mechanical picking- can get you a grade of SLM. As weather yets cooler much hand jet you middling cotton for a white yet. On l-l/l6th inch cotton the difference is government., loan be-1 tween middling and SLM is $8.50 j per bale. , I On undefoliated cotton the chanical harvester in many planting and cover, rest period. Hard seed are frequently found in alfalfa, clovers of all kinds and it ler forage seeds. Some hard seed kept at constant temperature in the laboratory wouldn't germinate. Kept at 35 de- c ees F.. but warmed to 70 degrees v lor just four hours once each \\tek or each day. some germinated after each warmup. j After months of cold, a one day warm-up caused many seeds to -ernunate. 3 consecutive warm-ups :eir]y completed germination. The deeper the seeds are within the soil, the better they are insu- '•ued against temperature change. Buried six inches, hard seeds may s T ay dormant even with abundant moisture. [ This seed behavior explains why j Ladino clover reappears in new; plowed fields years after turning: under an old stand. It also shows ; .hat renewal is favored by non- .. iage or barely covering seeds. i Keeping Ammonia In Soils i Retention of ammonia was mod- ; e itely high when applied to soil ! 01 opiimun moisture content or '• when placed at least six inches deep in dry soils. ; These facts were determined by Missouri research workers who found, however, that losses were ; greater .when anhydrous ammonia was applied to very wet soils. i This loss from wet soils was gradual indicating the escape of ammonia was not all from thej knife openings. When anhydrous \ ammonia equivalent to, 100 pounds | of nitrogen per acre was applied m 40 inch spacing some soils could [ not absorb this amount in the lat- [ eral diffusion area in very wet j soils., j It was found that the rate of dif-! fusion upward was greater than to '. the side or 'below the point of re- i lease., The Missouri soils workers | like many others also found that i diffusion and loss were greater in ! cloddy soil than when there was a i good crump structure. | Cotton Carry-Over Up I The carry-over of cotton is expected to be more than 11 million bales compared with 9.7 million are not provided with a good water supply. Cuttle should have easy uc- t:e.s.s to water at all times. Many feeder cattle buyers have found that it pays them to call their veterinarian out a day or two after ciitth- arrive and give him as complete a hi.story a.s possible. After looking at the cattle and considering their history, the veterinarian is in si better position to make recommendations and to | take action than he would be if he is not called until some of the caUlfi are sick. While shipping fever is usually (he biggest headache of the cattle _ buyer, he should also be on (he | lookout for comrliosi.s, parasitism. ' font rot, founder, lumpy jaw, digestive disturbances, urinary calculi, mucosal disease, and just plain lousiness. In most instances, an ounce of prevention is worth many pounds of cure. Groth concludes. jets you SCO cotton which would be $25.00 less per bale than the SLM, There is a weather factor which always enters the picture as far as cotton quality is concerned. The longer cotton stays in the field after it is open, the lower the grade due to weather. With the fine equipment in most of our Pemiscot County gin;^ the quality of our cotton is almost wholly dependent on the condition of the cotton when it readies the gin. Test Your Soil Now The lack of limestone 'calcium) in many cases is limiting the effectiveness of plant foods used on many soils especially those with a Ph (acidity) of 5 or less. Test your soil now and apply limestone this fall and winter. There is no reason why needed phosphorus or potiash cannot be npplicd, too, during this fall and me-: a year earlier and will be the larg- :arry-over since the 11.2 mil lion bales of 1945. Disappearance is estimated at 12.4 million bales from the 1954-55 supply of about 23.5 million bales. This includes estimated domestic mill consumption of about 8.9 million bales and estimated export of about 3.5 million bales. Swine Program In a good swine program adequate buildings, centralized enough for convenience, are necessary winter as time permits. Whether or not to apply nitrogen this fall depends on the amount of dry organic matter, stalks and etc you'll be plowing under and the type of soil you have. It has been found that little it any nitrogen is leached out of the soil over winter except from the lighter sandy soils. Nitrogen is needed especially to hasten dec?y when heavy stalks are turned under. FARM LOANS Six Star Feature 1. No brokerage fees to paj 2. No slock to purchase 3. An opportunity to establish credit with a large insurance Co. that is and hits been for many years a permanent letidor in this tcrri- ^. Loni; lime low interest ralr 5. \Ve pay the appraisal .md iiKoriit'v fees fi. Qiiirl, .service, fast cliisiiiR, We close loans liHon: most companies make their Inspections. For Information, See, Call or Write LOGAN FINANCE CORP. Lynch Building Blytheville, Ark. Phone 2-20 CichHivi Afenl (or American United Life Imiimme Co. New Home • New Appliances New Baby • Child Education New Machinery 9 Home Improvement Trip You've Always Wanted to Take. OPEN A SAVINGS ACCOUNT NOW! Our bank welcomes all of the new residents of our city and invites them to come in for their financial needs. The First National Bank Blytheville, Arkansas Only National Bank in Mississippi County — Member F.D.I.C. that natural advantages in sanitation and parasite control can be had. Breed penormance should be studied by all prospective swine growers before the breed is selected. The intermediate type hog is preferred at most markets and by most commercial swine producers. G.ood m a n a g e m e n t practices should be followed, such as: 1. Personal supervision. 2. Feeding a balanced ration. 3. A rigid schedule for handling pigs such as castrate at 4 weeks, vaccinate at 6 weeks, wean at 8 to 10 weeks. 4. Disease and insect control pro- | gram should be followed. 5. Develop a pasture rotation plan. 6. Bring JH new blood that wffi increase vigor. This can be done by purchasing new boars or bred gilts from superior herds. Good Cotton Yields on Alfalfa Plots According to James Jacks, assistant agronomist, in charge of the Alfalfa Substation at O.sceola. three bales of cotton have been harvested from two acres of plots where they have 297 varieties and strains of cotton planted. In this two acres there are very early varieties in selections, medium early and late. Farmers who visited the plots a few weeks ago recognized that the cotton was good. The total yield on the two acres of plots will be close 10 iwo bales per acre, according to Mr. Jacks. Small drums For grain production the suggested seeding rates and dates fqr small grains are as follows: Wheat — seed 1 io \\\ bushels Oct. 15-Nov. 25. Oats — seed 2 bushels Oct. 10- Oct. 30. Barley — seed Ui to 2 bushels Oct. 10-Nov. 10. For seeding for grazing or green manure plant any time from August 25 to October 25. The amount of grazing will decrease with the later plantings. Many variations from the above suggested dates may be good on some years. Turn rugs around to face in different directions once or twice A year. This helps to distribute the wear over their entire surface and adds extra years to their Itte, If it's A Used Combine You Want We Have It! 1 Allis-Chalmers Pull-type W/Grain Bin S350 and np 3 Case Pull-Type W/Grain Bin only $300 and up 1 Massey-Harris Clipper W/Motor and Grain Bin 5750.00 Also we have International, Case and Massey-Harris Self-Propelled Combines fioiil 31500. SEE US BEFORE YOU BUY 61 IMPLEMENT COMPANY "The Farmer's Home of Satisfaction" N. Hiway 61 Ph. 2-2142 OREGON GROWN Winter Hairy Vetch •jf 98-95-90 analysis •jf Top Quality •jf Exceeds ACP requirements -A- Book now for lowest prices. The PAUL D. FOSTER Co. Ph. 3-3418' Office in Blytheville ~~ • Warehouse Bldg. N. Hiwa\ 61 Ml Puijiose tillage Tool and LAND SMOOTHER o complete rillAGE TOOL, which brec clods mulchel the loll. mcAet a fir -e-ll pncUd leedbed which holch me ill lien for AUTOMATIC SOIL SMOOTHING, DIRT MOVING SEEDBED PREPARATION! DELTA Implements, Inc. Service Holds Our Trade 312 S. 2nd Ph. 3-6863 The National Cotton Picking Contest MON:-OCT. 10th' $2,500 IN PRIZES Open Division - Women's Division Over 65-Children's Division PROGRAM OF EVENTS-MONDAY, OCT. 10th 7:00 AM—Registration of Pickers—Walker Park 9:30 AM—Instructions to Pickers—Grandstand, Walker Park 10:00 AM—Start of National Cotton Picking Contest 10:05 AM—Start of entertainment at Picking Site 12:00 Noon—End of Cotton Picking Contest 1:00 PM—Smiling Joe Roper and Quartet, Sammy Barnhart and Bond —Grandstand, Walker Park 1:30 PM—"Clothes From Cotton Bags" Contest and Style Show—Grandstand, Walker Park 4:00 PM—Awarding of Prizes to Pickers—Grandstand, Walker Park 4:20 PM—Crowning of 1955 Cotton Picking Champion, Grandstand, Walker Park. SUPPORT COTTON - IT SUPPORTS YOU This Ad Sponsored by Blytheville Water Co. "Wat«r It Your Ch»opi*t Commodity"
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