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Springfield Leader and Press from Springfield, Missouri • 4

Springfield, Missouri
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Friday, July 10, 1970 (Mo.) LEADER-PRESS Sleep From Front Page of fast Martinis by the dawn's early light, Insomnia comes in different varieties. One form appears directly related to the aging process, and is characterized in elderly folks by frequent awakenings, and very-early-in-the-morning final awakening. It's not deemed overly serious. Another form is called "acute situational insomnia," usually a temporary thing resulting from such as "business or work problems, or students worried about being drafted," said Dr. Anthony Kales, director of the UCLA sleep research and treatment facility.

This category includes "anniversary as troubled sleep occurring around the anniversary of the death of a loved one--and a type which results when a person's "biological clock" gets out of whacklike airplane pilots and stewardesses regularly exposed to timezone changes. "We've all had situational insomnia at some time or another, and for insomniacs in that catethe prognosis is very good," said Kales, whose facility has one of the world's most comprehensive programs in the evaluation and treatment of disturbed sleep. Another large group of sufferers-possibly up to 70 per of the -is composed of individuals with chronic emotional or psychological problems, ranging from mild to severe, but short of outright mental derangement. Researchers have found that the sleep of imsoniacs when it does occur--and many of them get more sleep than they think they do--is characterized by haywire, irregular rhythmns. Normal sleep, reveal, consists of a kind of rhythmic cyclic pattern of four separate stages-totaling, about 90 minutes-in which a person progressively slips, without dreaming, from very light to deep sleep--followed by a period of dreaming before the cycle begins again.

The dream stage of cach cycle is detectable by rapid movements of the sleeper's eyes-as though he were watching a movie or television. This REM (for stage, plus the period of deepest sleep, are considered the most important and desirable stages. Up to now, according to Kales and some other sleep-researchers, the average doctor has been too quick to prescribe sleeping pills for insomniacs in general. While barbiturate and even nonbarbiturate drugs of the hypnotic class can quickly bring on oblivion, Kales says they tend to suppress the apparently important REM sleep stages." And when a patient seeks to "kick" the sleeping pill habitor forgets to take his normal dose he may get violent "REM rebounds" -a severe catch-up dreaming characterized by horrible nightmares. The California psychiatrist says his team has had promising, though still tentative, results in helping maintain REM sleep in insomniacs by using the non-barbiturate hypnotic chloral hydrate--a pill form of the socalled 'knock-out drops" used to convert a shot of whisky into a "Mickey Finn," at least in the movies.

But, he says, while the drug puts people to sleep and lets them dream--its maximum effectiveness is limited to about a week. Another, possibly more promising, method involves use of either a relatively mild tranquilizer to allay anxiety, or a new drug called flurazepam, the latdesigned to help keep the patient asleep. Both drugs are non-barbiturates, But Kales stresses that he and his colleagues are still looking for "the ideal pill- one that would really work in putting people to sleep: would assure unaltered REM sleep; and have minimal effects on mood and performance the next day." Meanwhile, back at the Baylor 1 p- monitoring laboratory, where research is supported by the National Aeronautics and Space Administration, mattress salesman Jordan was being prepared for his scientific beddyby, One of Dr. Frost's aides was taping a complex of electrodes to Jordan's scalp, the sides of his eye-sockets and his, neck. From the electrodes, varied-colored wires converged down the patient's head in pony-tail fashion.

Later, this strange nightcap was hooked to a bedside electroencephalograph- or "EEG brain -wave machine." EEG machines and associated equipment continuously record brain activity as squiggly lines on graph paper. They tattle on teeth grinding, KITCHEN CREATIONS 881-8705 REMODELING ESTIMATING more education on how to handle money and avoid loan sharks and door-to-door salesmen with gimmicks, "They prey on the Negro community and you're in it before you realize it," she said. Mrs. Duncan thinks there is a need for employment 1 in Springfield for young Negroes, to keep the best of the community in town. "Lots of young people I know show talent and show promise.

Yet they are here hardly long enough to get out of college before they are talking about leaving. "They go to St. Louis or to Kansas City where they know they won't have to wait three or four months to get a job. I know of one young man who went to SMS. He is a fine athlete and has a certificate to teach.

He has been offered a job in St. Louis. He wants to stay in Springfield. He likes Springfield, but it is hard for him to decide to stay here and take a lower salary and take several years to find a place to live than to go to St. Louis where he can get those things now." But in spite of the difficulties, she believes this is a time of progress.

"I think the Negro is living i in the best time ever as far as progress. You can actually see progress is being made; like my children, they have real heroes. They can turn on the television and see Diahann Carroll and Clarence Williams III, or they can go to the movies and see Jim Brown. They can see a Negro selling soap powder on tv and can pick up the newspaper or magazine and see Negro models. They can go to the library and find books on their culture.

It is the best it has been and will be even better in five to 10 years. I think the thought of a person's race will not even enter into the conversation 1 then." "Negroes are doing things they never dreamed of before they can play football, be stewardesses, serve with the Green Berets It's just a great time to be alive." "There is the Negro as the writer of books, the Negro in history. Where I grew up was a house with oodles of books. My mother was a teacher and my father liked to read and by the time I was 12 I was pretty much of a bookworm, and I still am." She believes a black feeling of identity is not something reserved just for the young. "I admire the young Negroes a great deal for their out- Chief Justice Burger To Kyoto Conference Blacks Page From Front Page spokenness and their frankness.

I'm glad to see the young Negro has such an intense interest in black culture, or black pride if you want to call it that. "The thing that bothers me is the feeling that no one ever did this until they came along. They are living in a freer time where the whole world has their eyes on them. Minority group problems are a major issue now. "It's not that their parents or the older generation didn't have this pride.

They just weren't free to express it. "I myself haven't had too bad a life as a Negro, but I wouldn't have wanted to live in the time my parents did or my grandparents did. There has always been some fighting why the Rev. Brown was fighting for Linda to be able to go to a school that was not too far away. (The Rev.

Oliver L. Brown's fight for his daughter Linda's right to attend the school of her choice led to the Supreme Court 1953 ruling. Linda attended high school at Central in Springfield.) "There has always been someone working in the background. Maybe it didn't make the headlines. It wasn't fashionable to print what the Negro did." "It's a shame we have to resort to violence and foul language and abusive measures to get our point across, but the most tragic thing is when it works." Mrs.

Duncan said the NAACP used to send groups door-to-door to discuss bettering relations between the two races. "We always sent our very finest people, and we dressed nicely, and we couldn't even get in the door. Now someone comes along and says we're going to beat you up and they get. results. "I don't worry about militancy as much as neglect and dissent.

Every community that has Negroes has a problem, maybe major, maybe minor, because the Negro has never assimilated himself into society. We're just trying now. "I think it is wonderful to be proud of your heritage. It is wonderful to be interested in the past. But we are Americans and we have to make it as Americans.

"The Negro has to have an identity before they do anything; maybe that's why they try to be Africans. "The Negro really wants to belong to America in spite of what he says about building black state. We're so a part of the American culture that I doubt we could do it. Even when we were segregated we weren't completely set apart. Jobs, fa.

vors, there were so many things that we had to depend on them for. Frankly, I would not want to live in that type of world. Negro community should feel a part of Springfield itself. There should be more active participation in voting, in urban renewal, in taxes, in the school board. "'We should have Negroes ev.

erywhere." MONDAY: "We see what would have been if our children hadn't been Negro," say Mr. and Mrs. Chester Shipps, parents of nine children. when Henry Ford started mass-production and high-volume sales, he lowered the but not the quality! at Douglas Optical we've been doing the same thing for over twenty-five years! check our quality! check our service! check the value! satisfaction guaranteed! OFFERING SINGLE VISION SINGLE VISION CLEAR OR TINTED LENSES ONE PRICE GLASSES INCLUDE: ONE LOW PRICE GLASSES $1290 YOUR CHOICE OF ANY FRAME IN OUR LARGE SELECTION DOWNTOWN IS AVAILABLE" DOUGLAS NEXT TO JUPITER 123 PUBLIC SQUARE' PLAZA SHPG. CTR.1962 S.

GLENSTONE Optical OPEN ALL DAY MONDAYS THROUGH SATURDAYS de Freed From Front Page sentenced to life imprisonment in 1954 on charges of maintaining contact with U.S. intelligence agents in Hong Kong. Hsinhua said Redmond killed himself three months ago, on the night of April 13. "Taking advantage of unpreparedness by the warders," said Peking's report, the American "used a. U.S.

made razor blade to cut the artery of the medial aspect of his left elbow and the arteries of his wrists and mortally wounded himself." treatment, Redmond died the Despite, emergency hospital same evening from loss of blood, Peking said. After examination by medical examiners, the body was cremated and "the Red Cross Society of China has already informed the culprit Redmond's relatives of his death through the American Red Cross," Hsin Hua said. Redmond had been "given the same treatment and care as the other foreign prisoners," the Chinese report added. "He was in good health and led a regular life." Redmond's mother, Mrs. Ruth Redmond of Yonkers, visited him three times in prison, the last time in 1963.

Several years ago a fund of $1 million was raised by public subscription to buy his release, but the administrator of the fund, lawyer Sol Fried man of Yonkers, was unable to get anywhere with Red Chinese missions he visited in Europe or even to get an information about Redmond. Bishop Walsh entered the priesthood 55 years ago at Maryknoll, N.Y., and was a missionary in China from 1918 to 1936. In 1948 he returned to Shanghai to head the Catholic Welfare Bureau. The Communist regime rounded up Catholic priests throughout China in 1953, but the bishop was spared until October 1958. Two years after his arrest he was visited by his brother, Judge William C.

Walsh of Cumberland. The bishop was convicted of "crimes against and Hsinhua said today: "As a result of education by China's organs of dictatorship, the culprit confessed his crimes serving his term." The report described him as a "U.S. imperialist spy." Four other Americans are known to be in Chinese captivity, and a fifth is believed held in China. John Thomas Downey, 39, of New Britain, and Richard George Fecteau, 42, of Lynn, were captured in 1952-when a plane from Korea on which they were passengers was shot down. Both were civilian employes of the U.S.

Army; Downey sentenced to life imprisonment was, in 1954 and Feeteau to 20 years on spy charges. U.S. Air Force Capt. Philip Eldon Smith, 30, of Victorville, was shot down off North Vietnam in September 1965 and was captured by Chinese from Hainan Island. Navy Lt.

Robert Flynn, 32, of Oak Harbor, was captured in August 1967 when his plane was shot down along the Vietnam -China border. A fifth American, Navy Lt. Joseph P. Dunn. of Randolph, was shot down off Hainan in February 1968 and is believed to have been captured.

Redmond was arrested by the Communists along with three other Americans on April 26, 1951. That was the last friends heard of him until Peking announced his life sentence more than three years later, on Sept. 12, 1954. Peking Radio called him "the chief American in Red China. Friends said he was believed to have helped several Chinese businessmen get out of Shanghai, a crime in the eyes of the Red regime, which was tracking down "reactionary capitalists" among the Chinese at the time.

During one of the periodic thaws in the cold war, in 1957, Chinese authorities allowed Redmond's mother and the mothers of two other jailed Americans to come to China to see their sons. All attempts of the United States to obtain his release were rebuffed although other jailed Americans were being freed and deported from China. When his father died in 1959, a citizens' group in Yonkers cabled Chinese leader Mao Tzetung asking that Redmond be released. The cable was ignored. Mrs.

Redmond was permitted to visit her son again in $1962 and 1963. -Associated Press Wirephoto The patient wears a special cap that is being developed by Dr. James D. Frost Baylor University Medical School neurophysiologist. The patient with the cap on is ready to be plugged into the EEG brain -wave machine.

The cap saves the time and problems involved in taping the complex of electrodes to the patient's head. Dr. Frost is doing research on "how people sleep -or don't sleep." restless tossing, blanket-wrestling-even staring at the ceiling. As one researcher says they paint "a roadmap of the night." Until now, it took up to a day of painstaking wort, by scientists to analyze nocturnal roadmaps, meaning the method is impractical for large-scale diagnostic use. But Frost has developed and is testing a system for "real time" analysis--a second by second, minute by minute, hour by hour account of how a person is making out in courting the sandman.

The equipment a miniature computer allied with a tiny EEG machine-is not much bigger than a bedside radio. It holds promise of allowing doctors to diagnose quickly an individual's insomnia problems. The miniaturized system is to be tried on an upcoming Apollo moonflight, along with a special skullcap containing built-in electrodes. Such a skull cap had been fitted onto another Baylor insomniac volunteer, a psychology student at a Houston college. When the volunteers, who are paid $7 a night, were bedded down, the EEG machine went to work.

The pen on the sleep-shop man's record started briskly tracing squiggles. "He's jumping between being awake and being asleep and back again," said Frost. "And, look at those big movements! But he may be just staring at the ceiling." Meanwhile, the psychology student should have been lightly snoozing, but there were signs of bodily muscular action. "He's bouncing around in bed," said Frost's aide. "He told me he'd been riding motorcycles all afternoon." At 1:30 a.m., when both were asleep, the newsman left got sleepy watching the squiggles.

Frost reported later that it took the sleep-shop man 1 hour, 10 minutes to get into deep sleep and he woke up eight times during the night. The student slept well until about 6:30 a.m., but then he had had it. In a telephone interview a few days later, insomniac Jordan was asked what he did to pass the time when he couldn't sleep. "I do sculpture, write poetry or paint," he replied. "And like to design things." "What do you design?" he was asked.

"Mostly beds," he laughed. "In fact, just the other night, before the sleep-project ended at the hospital, I designed one having an automatic shutoff for a vibrator, a bed lamp and a radio, so a person wouldn't have to wake up to turn them off." "And since then, I've built such a bed at my home- during another sleepless night!" TRIAL on a petty stealing charge has been set for July 28 in Greene County Magistrate Court for Joe Cox, 1932 South Grant. Cox, arraigned Thursday and freed on recognizance bond, is accused of the theft Dec. 30, 1969, of four stainless steel tanks belonging to the Pepsi Cola Bottling Company of Springfield. St.Louis, was first settled in 1763 as a trading post.

Good Only Brown Derby WINE CENTER 1909 So. Campbell COUPON OR Reg. 69 July 13 King Size COKE 6 pack ADULTS CUMBERLAND, Md. (AP)The sister of Roman Catholic Bishop James Edward Walsh, who was released today after nearly 12 years in Communist captivity, was elated when she heard of her brother's release. "Oh, how wonderful.

That's wonderful," Miss Mary Walsh, a former librarian here, said when she received the news. "This is something we've prayed for for so long," she said. Baptist Leader Rites Slated For Medearis CARTHAGE (Special) Funeral services for the Rev. Thomas W. Medearis, former general superintendent the Missouri Baptist Convention, will be held here Saturday.

The Rev. Medearis, who held pastorates at several southwest Missouri churches, died his home in Pasadena, Wednesday after suffering an apparent heart attack. He was 81 years old. He was former pastor of the First Baptist Church, Lamar; First Baptist Church, Fayette; First Baptist Church, Bolivar. At Bolivar, he was also head of the Department Bible at Southwest Baptist College.

The Rev. Medearis became the chief executive officer of the Missouri Baptist Convention in 1942 and served for 12 years. He then moved to California where he was president of California Baptist College, Riverside. Services will be at 3 p.m. Saturday in the First Baptist Church here.

Burial will be in Park Cemetery. E. Miller Surviving are Medearis, his wife, native Mara of a Sarcoxie, a son and two daughters. GOLDEN CITY Ways to finance construction of a swimming pool will be discussed at a meeting of the Golden City community betterment council in the community center here at 8 tonight. Plans also will be completed for a carnival to be held in connection with the Golden City Reunion, July 24-25.

What florists market as ranunculus is really a Persian buttercup and can be grown in Eastern States only in greenhouses. Reward Fund Set Up at Nixa For Facts on Carol Blades NIXA (Special) A reward fund for information leading to the location of Mrs. Carol Blades, a Nixa housewife who disappeared last Dec. 15, has been established at the Bank of Nixa. According to Milo Thornton, Nixa American Legion Post commander, the amount of the Carol Blades Reward Fund will be announced Thursday.

Checks should be mailed to the Bank of Nixa or left at any business place in Nixa. Mrs. Blades was last seen about 3 p.m. Dec. 15 wearing a purple pants suit and furry white coat.

The car she was driving was abandoned south of Nixa. The Legion has also asked that all Nixa civic organizations meet at Dorothy's Cafe here at 6 p.m. Tuesday to plan a commu. nity-wide drive. Should the reward not be paid, all money will be refunded.

AVA The Ava Saddle Club's 14th annual horse show will be held at the fairgrounds here at 7:30 tonight and Saturday, with 23 classes and $1550 in cash prizes. Spraying Service Elms Evergreens LAWNS 25 Years Free in Spild. Estimates Ozark Plant Farm 881-6322 E. Portland So. Glenstone WASHINGTON (AP) Chief Justice Warren E.

Burger has been named to head the U.S. delegation to a United Nations conference on crime prevention and the treatment of offenders. The conference will be held Aug. 17-26 in Kyoto, Japan. Burger's appointment was announced by the state department Thursday.

There are over one million different kinds of animals in the world but only 13,000 of that number are not cold animals. Sale and Clearance FURNITURE, RUGS BEDDING, a once-a-year opportunity for you to save in every department of our store! one-of-a-kind shop worn discontinued pieces mistakes, and broken lots! we have 'em all! be here early! CARPET FURNITURE, Ins. FREE Decorating Service FREE Parking on Lot South of Store South at Walnut Phone 869-2333.

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