The Courier News from Blytheville, Arkansas on October 7, 1955 · Page 9
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The Courier News from Blytheville, Arkansas · Page 9

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Blytheville, Arkansas
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Friday, October 7, 1955
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FRIDAY, OCTOBER 7, 1955 RLYTHEVILLE (ARK.) COURIER NEWS PAGE NINE RE VIEW *» FORECAST Fall Issue of State's Farm. Research. Guide Is Released by U A FAYETTEVILLE Farmers throughout the state will find answers to some of [heir problems in articles appearing in the ricultural Experiment Station. Single copies can be obtained free of charge from the Bulletin Office, University of Arkansas, Col- fall issue of Ihe Arkansas Farm i Icge of Agriculture and Home Eco- Rebearch, just released e.y the Uni-1 nomics. Fayetteville, or from coun- vprsity of Arkansas' Agricultural i ty Extension offices in Arkansas. Experiment Station. j Hog Prices Due For Soft Period Seasonal Weakening Is Seen By Farm Economist Missouri livestock producers may expect ..ome strength in the prices of better grades of fed cattle, a seasonal weakening in hog prices, and no great change in the sheep and lamb market during October. This is. according: to the forecast made by Elmer Kiehl, agricultural economist at the University of Missouri. Goihg further on cattle prices, the economist says, there appears to be a tendency on the part of producers to hold back cattle on the < ranges and in the feedlots for fur- j ther growth and finish. Prices of lower-grade cattle are expected to remain unchanged but the price spread between grades is expected to widen. Unfavorable weather In range areas has not caused larger than normal marketings of feeder cattle but their movement is expected to be stepped up in coming weeks. Kiehl says prices of feeder cattle during July and August averaged about 50 cents a hundredweight less than a year earlier. However, in recent weeks, prices have adjusted to levels equal to those of last year for the same weeks. Feeder cattle prices are likely to fall off as marketings increase. Marketings trom the large spring the seasonal Experiments on the growing of wheat in Northeastern Arkansas have shown that better quality wheat and more of it can be produced from plots seeded at a rate of one bushel per acre rather Chan the previous method of sowing one and one half bushels per acre. The lower .seeding rate saves the cost of additional seed. The article goes on to say that poor seedbeds demand at least one and fourth bushels per acre. Dr. R. L. Thurman and James P. Jacks of the agronomy staff also report other work on spacing of rows and extra addition of nitrogen. How to improve rice stands as much as 10 to 15 per cent, by seed treatment Is discussed in the article "Rice Seed Treatment", by Dr. E. M. Cralley, head of the Plant Pathology Department at the University. Seed decay and seedling diseases are major enemies of rice growers. This is especially true during the early part of the planting season, when soil temperatuer and moisture are unfavorable for the growth of rice seedlings. Nitrogen applications may affect the ability of plants to compete with each other and the soil for phosphate, potassium, calcium, and magnesium. A plant's ability to obtain nutrients from the soil seems to depend on Its "cation exchange capacity." Studies by Dr. E. 6. McLean, (issoclatt agronomist for the Arkansas Experiment Station, indicate that nitrogen influences the cation exchange capacity of plant roots, and in turn the inter-relationships between all fertilizer and lime elements. More complete details of the above experiments and others con-j d' nnn«* ARF HIGH-These triplet female calves, born on Merle W. Wygand's farm near Somer?e?p! are somlwhat of a rarity. Records reveal that the odds are 40.000 to three against ' triplet calves of the same sex bein? born. The calves are less than one week old. times a year by the Arkansas Ag- Paint Closeout MM; TTT« ••* C«l*n \ Price Hubbard Hardwart period last y weights of barrows and gilts at 210 pounds is only about one pound greater than last year for this period. In view of the expected larger marketings. Kiehl suggests that producers top out feedlots as soon as hogs reach marketable weights. This Business of Farming By H. H. CARTER Associate County Agent How many acres of soybeans must you harvest annually to justify ownership of a self-propelled combine? Farm management studies have shown the importance of adapting farm power and machinery and to the needs of the individual farm for maximum profits. There are a number of non-financial factors affecting the answer to this question which are difficult to value. Hqwever, a consideration of the costs involved in combine harvesting should be of help in arriving at a more reliable answer. Cost Comparisons Since the only alternatives to a strengthening force In the fall and winter hog market. A reduction of national average slaughter weights of 10 pounds would be expected to result in an average price increase of Si .00 to SI. 20 a hundredweight, Kiehl notes. As mentioned, no great change in sheep and lamb prices is expected during the coming month. Salable receipts have increased at public itii ^ ..... ____ _______ _. o ...... : Any substantial 'reduction in aver- 1 stockyards in recent weeks as the age weights of hogs will result in creased substantially. for profitable machine picking ownership of a self-propelled combine are ownership of a pull-type combine and custom hiring, then harvesting costs for these three should be compared. In the absence of any applicable cost studies, the best that can be done is to make some assumptions. Let's work with the following ones: (1) An average soybean yield of 20 bushels per acre. (The 10-year average for Mississippi County, 194453. was 20.4 bushels.) t2) Beans worth S2.25 per bushel. <3> An average of 25 acres harvested per day with a self-propelled and 12 : i; acres with a pull-type combine. (4) An annual overhead or fixed cost (primarily depreciation) of SI. 100 for the self-propelled and $300 for the 'pull-type (one-sixth of an initial cost of $6,600 and $1,300 dollars, respectively). Overhead cost per bushel will depend upon the number of bushels harvested. i5) A daily operating cost for labor, gas, oil, and repairs of S30 for the self-propelled and of $25 for the pull- type. Included in the latter would also be overhead charges for the tractor. Operating cost per bushel would amount to 6 cents for the self-propelled and 10 cents for the pulJ- type, under the conditions noted above. Under the above assumptions, the total harvest cast per bushel (both overhead and operating) would be as follows: For 50 acres per season, $1.16 per bushel for the self-propelled and 43 cents for the pull- type; f°r 100 acres, 61 and 27 cents a*, all acreages shown than for the self-propelled. This; is of course, is because of the high overhead costs on the self-propelled. Minimum Acreage What minimum acreage would have to be harvested with each Lhe self-propelled and the pull-type combine under the above assumptions to keep harvesting costs below the cost of custom combining? Assuming that one-sixth of the beans are charged (which would result in custom combining cost of 37 H cents per bushel) the answer would be 175 acres for the self- propelled and 55 acres for the pull- type combine. Maximum Acreage Where would Lhe dividing Una be, in acreage harvested, for ownership of a" self-propelled and ol a pull-type combine in order to result in'the most economical harvesting cost.s? The hiyh overhead cost of the self- propelled is likely to make harvesting cost per bushel less for the puU-type combine, even when quite large acreages are harvested. However, the fact that the pull- type combine cannot operate 'under as adverse soil conditions as can the self-propelled, limits its expected days of use. This fact and the ability to get beans out quicker with a self-propelled combine sets a limi on the harvested acreage at whicl the pull-type combine will be mor< profitable than the self-propelled. In order to realize the lower harvesting cost that is possible witn the pull-type combine, the harvesting period must be spread by the planting of different maturing rieties. The maximum acreage at which a pull-type combine will be more profitable than a large self-propelled will depend upon the number of harvest days available in which beans can be combined without undue loss. Assuming 12' s acres harvested per day, this maximum profitable acre- extended to 20 days by planting 40 percent Dormans, 40 percent Og- dens, and 20 percent Lees, then the pull-type -combine, might be more profitable than the self-propelled up to approximately 250 acres oi; beans. It should be emphasized that this discussion is based upon assumptions, thought to be average for the county. Certainly the actual conditions, especially average yields, depreciation ccst, and soil conditions ffecting extent ol" use of a pull- type combine, will vary from farm to farm and affect the outcome ac- cordingiy. Higher per acre yields would lower the minimum acreages necessary for ownership to give lower cosls than custom hire. Higher deprecl- ation costs would raise them. Poorly drained, heavy soils wou!.d lower the maximum acreage at at which a pull-type might be more profitable ilun a self-propelled combine. WE RENT • HOSPITAL BEDS . . . BABY BEDS • ROLLAWAY BEDS • USED REFRIGERATORS • USED WASHERS WADE FURNITURE CO. 112 W. Miin Phone 3-3122 per bushel respectively; for 200 acres, jape would be equal to 12 1 ? times 33 and 18 cents; and for 400 acres, j t,he number of available days in the 24 and 14 cents. harvest period. It, is seen that under the assunip- For example, if the harvest time uons made the per bushel harvest-! during which brans can be coming cost in lower for the pull-type ; bined without undue loss can be COTTON DEFOLIANT • A new, highlv effective cotton defoliant • Makes machine picking profitable because it drops the leaves from the plant • Reduces to a minimum grade losses resulting from leaf trash and green leaf stain . Economical to use-diluted with water for application from airplanes or ground sprayers Defoliate vow rollon will, FALL this year Inr an ratlin harvest, cleaner cotton, higher grades and best paces. FAIL cotton defoliant sold by fl-PAUL D. FOSTERco Ph. POplar 3-3418 N. Hiway 61 Offict in B'ville .Warehouse Btdg. Soybean Storage: Lei Us Store Your Soybeans lor the Government Loan. We Also Buy Soybeans, Ear and Shelled Corn. Fanner's Soybean Corp. "Home of Sudden Service" N. Broadway & Hurson Ph. 3-8191 SEALED BEARINGS NEW SHAKER SHOE DESIGN: POWER STEERING* STRAIGHT-THROUGH DESIGN ENCLOSED GEAR DRIVE AXLE ENCLOSED BRAKES HARVESTING WITH A MASSEY-HARRIS SELF-PROPELLED There's morn advantages In owning a Massy-Harris Self- Propelled 90 Special than any other combine in the field. Here'" why: Sealed Bearings save'time, cut maintenancs costs . . . New Shaker Shoe Design means faster,"cleaner separation—more capacity . . . Straight-Through Design gives you complete control ol grain and straw for more efficient threshing. And, there's a lot more plus leaturei that put the 90 Special way ahead at harvest time . . . ieatuies that mean more profit for you. EASY HANDLING- HYDBAULIC.CONTROtS *0plignal Stop In IODI 90 Spatial. and got acquainted with the Maijey-Horr/l 61 IMPLEMENT CO. "The Farmer's Home of Satisfaction" N. Hiway 61 Phone 2-2142 Here's an opportunity for cotton growers everywhere to cut harvest costs . . . speed work . . . and save more cotton. One man and the new No. 1 pick as much as an acre every hour, replacing 40 or more hand pickers. Jus* think of the savings you can pocket over years of dependable service with the dependable No. 1. The new No. 1 is an efficient, spindle-type picker—a development from the field-proved John Decr« No. 8 Two-Row Self-Propelled Picker. The No. 1 mounts on lofin Deerr "50," "60," "TO," and late "A" Tractors with no costly, time-consuming tractor conversions. Finger-tip operation, including hydraulic control of picking unit and basket . . . excellent visibility from the roomy operator's platform . , . transporting at regular tractor forward speeds . . . and fast, easy attaching and detaching—these features speed work . . . cut costs. See us soon for complete information. Order early. MISSCO IMPLEMENT CO. S. Highway 61 Ph. 3-4434 #4M» JOHN DEERE «MUtt WRM EQUIPMENT

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