The Courier-Journal from Louisville, Kentucky on July 5, 1895 · Page 7
Get access to this page with a Free Trial

The Courier-Journal from Louisville, Kentucky · Page 7

Louisville, Kentucky
Issue Date:
Friday, July 5, 1895
Page 7
Start Free Trial

V THE COURIER-JOURNAL. LOUISVILLE. FRIDAY MORNING. JULY 5. 1895. HER LAPflP GAVE OUT. Mrs. O'Leary. cf Chicago Fire Fame, Is Dead. SECRET DIES AVITn HER. Life Embittered Bv Belief la (he Storj of the Cow. 0 SIIE KEMAIXED S1LEST. correct explanation of the fir. There Is no proof, however, that Mrs. O'Leary was responsible fox the fire.. An official j InveMlifatlon of the disaster resulted in no definite conclusion. , Of the numerous affidavits offered in I evidence at-the time the following are ' of interest. These affidavits were ob tained by Michael McPermott during the month of October. IS71: Patrick O'Leary and Catherine, his wife, being duly sworn, trstlfted they lived at 137 De Koven street, and owned the house and lot in which they lived. They had tlve cows.' a horse and ai;on, on which they had not one cent of Insurance. She mliked her cows at a. m. and 5 p. id., as Mrs. O'Ueary peddled her milk. Mrs. O'Leary fed ihe horse beside the fence about 7 o'clock p. m.. then put him in the barn. She had no lighted lamp in the house or barn that evening. Hatnii-k O'Leary te.tifleil that he was not in the barn during that day or nlRbt; left the feeding of the cows and horsa to hla wife and daughter; that both were in bed when awaked bv liennls Koran, of 112 1 e Koven: that thejr have lost their barn, cows, home am! np.n. Subscribed and awom to Lo lore me this 15lh day of ielo-ber. 171. his PATRICK X O'LEART. mark. her . CATHERINE X O'LEARY. mark. MTCHAF.L M'DKRMOTT. Notary Public for Chicago and Surveyor. COL. EVANS SPOKE One of the Orators Kt the A. P. A. Celebration. MANY CALLS FOR HIM Principal Address Delivered Ejr Congressman Y. S. Linton Big Parade. 1 cl and the weather generally ce-I dellirhtfiil f..r th imwii V"C ihree diy.i past heavy rains hive bee-n reported cliily fr,ra Iilnli Rock and'Memphi. LI?tJ e howrs haw sls occurred at Kt. Louis and Cairo. A fall o-f more chart an inch cf ram marred, to mm evlnt, the enjoyment of the Fourth in New York city, Light mint occurred generally throughout, th col-ton belt, but in the Nr;h and West .generally f;r wejiher prevailed. The f dlowlne I. the local temperature record for yesterday: 4 0 flew, for most. ft 0 1. m... ru Iwt for -ins.-h S Maximum MO iTmiMtsifcm...... . Jim.nmitt.' I.r b .1 Mn ;t I-nt. ! month.. -f .1 U-pt. f. day.... 4.0 lpl. lor .. Rainfall In the followlnr table Is for tw.lve hours ending 8 D. m.. bat Urn time: btaiions. Terrm 1Y i Nations. Twro. Vrm. "I. 7i .M l K Uun,.,, )4 tmwwnra :s j.'Uvuu. u v LARGE CROWD AT CASTLEWOOQ 4ffidatts cf-Herself anl Kns-wfcani Atout the .Origin of -the Fire. 6TAETED IN HER BARN Death Wednesday afternoon forever a-aled the lipa of Mrs. Catherine O'Leary. owner of the fractious cow ;w lch, in a. ham In the rear of No. 1ST 'De Kovcn street, Sa memorable night in October, ISTOklcked over a . lamp and started a. blaze which cost Chicago- 41iW.000.000. says the Tribune ; of that city. She died at No! 5133 South Hals ted. street of acute pneumonia. Th. burial will taJte place Saturday , morning from the Church of the Visitation, Fifty-fifth and Peoria streets, where requiem high mass will be cel ebrated. The remains will be interred at Mount Olivet by the side of those of her husband ratrick, who dropped . dead September 13 last. Since the night' of that historic1 conflagration Mrs, O'Leary's life waa embittered by the' popular belief - that he indirecitly was responsible for the- loss of life and enormous destruction of property. She dt-hted the story vigorously, and to the commission which Investigated the fire and Its causes -' madeaffidavtt that the allegations about herself and the cow and the lamp were tmt-true. but the world was against her. Then she became silent. Entreaties and flattering monetary offers were alike unavailing. She would say nelth-. er yea nor nay even to her friends, and a request to tell the story for publication usually aroused her to a pitch of frenzy. She had never bad a picture I taken before the fire, arrd afterward teadfastly refused to sit before a camera or veri let an artist sketch her. Reporters were especial objects of aversion and hatred, her kith and kin sharing her feelings. And that the spirit did not die with her was shown when a reporter for the Tribune called at the residence and asked for some particulars of her death. "You ar mistaken," waa the answer. "The Mrs. O'Leary who died here today only came to America from Cork six years ago." And with that the door was shut, Mrs. O'Leary had beeen suffering with chronic bronchitis for the last four or live years, and a. week ago this devel-. oped Into-eicute pneumonia. Last Mon-ay "night It was seen she was getting much worse, and, that the'end. was not far off. Accordingly Farther J. B. Feely, of the Church of the Visitation, was sent for. H found Mrs. O'Leary In the full possession of her faculties, but rapidly weakening, so far as bodily strength was concerned.' At the hour ' of 1 o'clock Tuesday morning, soon after Ms arrival at her bedside, he administered to her the last rites of the Roman Catholic Church. From the time she received the sacrament he continued slowly sink until her death yesterday afternoon. She was conscious up to within about tw hours of her death. All her children were about her bed as she breathed her last. A large conee-orse of relatives and friends were at the residence obeying the usual form of paying their respects of sympathy to the family. Father Feely said: "The historic woman has left us. 1 was privileged to be at her bedside when she died and administered the dying benefits of the church while she was yet In perfect health of mind. During the last , six Dennis Sullivan, being duly sworn before me, testifies he was at Patrick O'Leary's bouse, 137 He II oven strt. Sunday iiticht, the 8th or October. 171, from about S.M to about 1 o'clock at niKht. during which time Mr: O'Leary and wife wer in bed; that he went a few lots eaat ef O'Leary's, on the opposite slile of le Ko-v-n street-, until about 9:30 o'clock, when he saw the fire. He went across the street an. cried. "Klre. tire," and went Into O'Leary's barn, when lie found the hay In the loft on fire.- He then nttemptert to cut loose the horse and cows, but failed to save anything but' a half-burnt calf. He then came to O'Leary's and found them out of bed. rVnma Rogan alarmed them during this time at the barn. Subscribed and sworn to before me thta loth day of October. W71. his PENXI3 X SULLIVAN, mark. MICHAEL M DERMOTT, Notary Public for Chicago and Surveyor. The official Inquiry into the origtn of the fire lasted thtee days, and naturally produced a. mass of irrelevant matter. The essential facts are as follows: Mrs. O'Leary testified that she and her family her husband and tlve children were In bfd but not asleep that Sunday night. They knew nothing of the fire until Mr. Sullivan, a drayman, awoke them and said their barn was on fltv. A family named McLaughlin lived in th same house with Mrs. O'Leary. She understood that they were having a "social time" that Sunday night; that thev had an oyster supper; a Mrs. White had told her one member of the family went Into the ham to milk .one of the cow. Patrick O'Leary ewore his wife was In bed by 8 o'clock, and that he followed htr about half an hour later. He was asleep when Sullivan aroused him; had he been awake he might have saved his cows. The Bqard of Police and Fire Commissioners submitted a report after the examination of fifty-one witnesses. This report went on to state that Mr. O'Leary and all hla family were in bed asleep at the time of the tire, and that there was a small party In the front part of the o leary house occupied by McLaughlin a-nd his wife. The report, however, stated no one from McLaughlin's part of the house went near the barn that night. Four theories are aiivujced relative to the origin, of tn fire. First Thai Mrs. O'Leary visited her cows after dark, carrying a lighted ker-osetie lamp, which! was kicked, over by the historic cow. setting fire to the surrounding rubbish". This was the first theory offered and the one most tenaciously adhered to. which theory conceded titat a vicious cow and a pint of oil were sufficient 'cause to pr-xiuce a canflagration that destroyed J192.000.0O0 worth of property at tne rate of $110,000 a. minute. Second That some of O'Leary's neighbors surreptitiously visited-the bam also with a lighted lamp for the purpose of obtaining fren milk for- punch or oyster- stew, and met with a vigorous protest from the cow, which resulted In the conflagration. Third That some boys were enjoying a moment of stolen pleasure in the barn. with pipes or cigars and carelessly let fire fall among the inflammable eui-ecance on the floor. Fourth That the fire was the deliberate work of an incendiary. Evidence collected stnoe the fire seems to iihow It started as early at 8:45 Instead of 9:30, as asserted by nearly all 'writers. A woman's scream was heard in or near ihe O'Leary bam Just be-fore-the fire broke out. but no evidence is obtainable to prove by whom It was uttered. A oroken kecosenn lamp was found in the ruins of the O'Leary barn the day. after theflre. VARIED AND ENJOYABLE. The Entertainment At the Auditorium Last Evening. Foot Races, Cake-Walks and Fire -works About Oaa Thousand Persons Present. The Auditorium park had an audience of about a thousand people last '.night to witness the entertainment got up for the benefit of the Children's Fe years, whenever her health permitted, I H Uja The entertainment was a he had been In attendance at my J walks and fireworks, to say nothing of the music sandwiched between numbers. One of the principal points contributing to the pleasure of the performance was the fine1, clear evening, which made an ohiirrh. Since I have known her she has always been very averse to saying anything concerning the great fire with which she had so close a connection. Her death was very peaceful and quiet." . . i - ......... m, , -. i. f rt t. , Krlflr .M1IA. j, inrcwj .. - ........ . ture ocuples the site where, in 1S71, stood jl the O'Leary cottage. The structure isl outdoor seat desirable. One of the grandest demonstrations of yesterday was to have been the George Washington Memorial League's celebration at Castle wo. d on the. New-burg pike. The list Of speakers on the programme Included cx-Gov. Simon R.Olvar Buckner, Joserh C. Sibley, the Hon. W. O. 11 r ad ley. Senator Voorhees and other great lights. Rut the printed programme held out promises which the event did not fulfill The only big platform gun that did not hang fire was the Hon. V. S. Lin ton, who came with his little red school house. Congressman Kvana also came forward in response. to a call, and spoke a few words of congratulation, The George "Washington Memorial League was early astir, and formed an imposing parade, starting from Eleventh and Jefferson. Battery A. of the Louisville Legion, after having tired Its salute of twenty-five gtins on tbe river front, awaited the procession at Third and Market, where it added a complement of some fifty men in the State Guard uniforms to the long line estl mated by the A. P. A.'s themselves to number over 5,003. To get from the eastern terminus of I the East Broadway, Green street or Barret-avenue cars lo the scene of the picnic was a matter of some little risk. The road which winds along the hill that once belonged to Banker Schwartz is mountainous, and many of the wagons engaged in carrying humanity at 5 cents a head were liable to vicissitudes. But in spite of these drawbacks the grounds were 'well filled with an outing crowd. Many of the-young men wore red-white-and-biue hat-bands ar.d white League badges. Hre and there a man might be seen wearing a calico apron mysteriously printed. There was one man with a white goatee and hat and the full fancy dress equipment of Uncle Sam. Evidently the intention of many was to be very patriotic, but it was the dominant intention of more to have a good time, wander about the woods, uance to Sauer's string band listen to Kurkamp's brass band, eat anything that could be had, drink cifcua lemonade and be merry. The platform dL-play opened with an address of welcom by The lie v. M. P. Hunt. The Hon. It. M. Bowers, of-Iowa. followed with a epeeoh on the objects, aims and principles of the association, its uttity of action throughout the United States and the stand now being taken by Protestanls. After an Intermission, during which the Kurkamp band pUyed, Che Rev. John Christian. D. V., delivered a brief impromptu adJresn on patriotism and freedom of conscience, with no aggressive or controversial features in. It. Meanwhile the Hon. William S Linton, who, with his father, was la guest of Mr. James Bates, had been moving tbout unobserved among the crwd. It 'as not until after dinner that Mr. Linton was Introduced to the crowd tk sat or stood in frrnt of the platform. Though tht little red eohoolhouse, presented to Mr. Linton by WaJiinKton admirers in recognition of his services to the public-school system, had been brought out on a draped float and placed in a promim-nt position on the placform. the speaker himst-lf had not beetH noticed. He spoke of his work in Congress in general, giving a general outlme of It. 'with special reference to the Immigration laws and tne, doctrine of America for Americans. Others who spoke were the Rev. S. M, Gilchrist, of Saginaw. Mich.: Prof. H. C Roberts and the Rev. Berry, of Hardin county. Congressman Evans was stand ing on the platform, where he .was await ing an Introduction to Mr. Linton, when cries of "Evans" began to arise, and It was evident that a speerh from him was expected. Like most of those who had preceded him, Mr. Evans had come, he said, unprepared to make a spech.. He confined himself to a few words of con gratulation upon the size of the audi-eVice and the good order maintained. He said that the hour was late,, and it would not be proper for him to say anything; he would,' therefore, only thank them for their kindness In doing him the honor to call upon him as they had done. The rest of the proceedings were of a purely festive character. Battery A. before limbering up for .the homeward march, fired a third salute of twenty-five guns, having' fired the second on arriving at the- park. Kurkamp's band played selections, and Sauer's took W aaftinaioa ... T4 lUuu 74 JooiruMT... M ilrwurtauia... ouiMtun, .... i-a iMrpua Curutl. Ts taa aniooio... vi Itmunt.. tarmport..... W KlUairi I t. t-uib no 1j.i1 Hoc.... m nintoia....... A .M MVtll ...... 4 T. ( bauanouea... so . ta .......... ( T. .' .oo T. T. Iju .: T. . liulauiMli.M CUcsrA. ...... : Imniaut,.,,, 4 lUnuiUw.., t bv. rial M bt. Viatxat.... M UoioarrK...... t WCUJ ...... M lenr M ,( Nurta ilaoa... M .' xn itntM s.lf... M txwga CUT.... V Uktaootaa..... If Aamrblu. ...... M IMIfM W u iiM yt T Trace of raiofaU .CO .u0 .0 JO .IM X .O-t .00 .00 .44 . .IM X .r0 I PATRIOTS WERE THERE Sons of tho American Revolution Celebrate CROWD AT EASTERN PARK. Dr. Je nnin Drlhrrs a Stirring Addrc. Is not ons Mt of th spirit nt 177 In IL It la lh sin rot of live ignorant, tint rf the educated: r. 4 r.f t n poor, but of the wealthy, th sin f tr v-ry m-s lk. from freaasr tf l-u1 nm or di.gus at modern polttkal taiOns stay awsy. No wonder that the ninr I... gvt abroad that 'Patriotism is lh last r-sort of knaves.' If It b so It ts t fault of th stay-at-homes on eleoa day. Itentember thai It ts not a lierfnv. iwnt masiered by lxtxjf r-. hut tm betrayed by lii:igeoc. It Is our dir. no matter how wearisome or rlW. It may b. to trtlrlpate In pulKIca At I be rone4uaton f lb adder ITOf. Ttealtl reonnun4 tb tn4lctsi a&d tta crowd tLsperaed. . TWO BROTHERS ARRESTED. 1 AXCJ AL RflOWEY TO LEWD Choice Real Estate at 6 Per Cent. NO COMMISSION CHARGED. KENTUCKY TITLE COMPANY, 234 Fifth St MB, FOSTER IH JAPAN. utmtu Each Carried a PUtot On Fourth Avenne Cclcbratlnc the Fonrttu CoL Cockcrill Describes tte Cectptioa Gircn Hla. SIX (0) PEU CE.VT. REAL ESTATE FIRST KCETEAEE BONDS SOLD AT PAR. BLOOMERS FOR STREET WEAR. The Xf srrt Woman, Nlu fbratlf, of IjoiiUon, tioes Sliojipliij; In Tbrm la thr llain. Th n-w woman apparJ on Twenty- third Jiroet at noon ThurJay. Sh was tut b.)M, but sh-was entirely self-pci-wwd, say th New Tork World. She to.-k. a strp forward of her rUters of the bicycle. She wore a palr of bloom ers of chocked rloih and lea-Kins that extended to her shapely knes. From MM MISS CHESTICS RAIXT DAT GAItB. her shouljrra a full cloak ihunjr U ths top of her leftsrin and (n her h"il was perched a raki.h Fd.'rs hat. When tha wind hlt-w a Hi the-cloik other women stopped and locked frightened and dre In their breach and exclaimed "My gooX gracioua." Same of tijem said hartb thins. ThU woman was MJs Dorothy CTiettc, -an KnKliMi actress, who has lately arrived In this country. She It a the Hotel Teteler. On Hundred an Twenty-fourth street and Lexington avenue. " Miss Chestlc stopped at ths shop windows and all the other women looked, not at the windows, but at her. SOTJIniSPIMNCr BONOS. rw THtov i i iva ik. I I a. J til some better than Its neighbors, and is ud u a flat building. Where the Irish ones held the street there are now Bohemian, and Germans of the poorer class. The surrounding's of the big white house are celebrated chiefly for Children and dirt not so dirty, however, as the Italian quarter, a few blocks north. The place owes Its Interest to nothing hut the fact that tha great Chicago fire originated there. That the story of Mrs. CtLary's cow and the lamp laughed at by .some is true Is vouched for by the Chicago Historical -.-Society. Vpon a largo stone In the front f the house at 137 DeKoven street appear these, words: , f ; " THE GREAT FIRE OF 1S71 : 5 ' ORIGINATED HERS " : ' : t AND EXTENDED TO UNCOLN PARK. : , CHICAGO HISTORICAL SOCIETY, 1881.' j ' : ' " The Are was discovered at 8:45 o'clock the evening of Sunday, October 8, l&Tl, In a barn on the rear of lot 137 Vt Koven street, the property owned by Patrick r'l.earv. The barn contained scv ral cows, a calf, and a horse, a LI belonging j . ,k. fCIarv family. Mrs. O'Leary .' was in the business of supplying milk ' struck up . to the neighboring ramines. v ho nrst discovered the fire la not positively known, and Its origin must forever r". main a mystery. Several persons t-aw it about the same moment The'ftm to reach thie spot waa Dennis Sull)-. "i. . mho was siting nearly opposlf: O'Letfy place. The Are soon fxton'Uc; 'to adjilnlng sheds, barns and dwelli:.--' toward the north and ncrrtheast wi 'n rreat rapidity, and within thirty uts was beyond control of the fire department. When the city was still enveloped In flames some now forgotten tongue declared that Mrs. O Leary was engaged In milking the cow when the unruly animal kicked over a lighted lamp, thus Igniting the straw and refuse on the barft Boor. This unhesitatingly has been -pti.bI'MI jtbrouialiMUt t& .wxi4 a the Mr. Charles Shreve ' was master of ceremonies, and announced the numbers in their turn. He announced as the first feature a 440-yard dash between John Tevis and Will Ingram, which resulted In a victory by Tevla In 67 seconds. The second race was a 100-yard dash between W. W. Goodwin and John Peters, with Peters nine yards the start. Peters won In seconds. A series of Jigs by colored Jubilee dancers and singers followed, and furnished entertainment that brought hearty laughter. Close upon these came another dash between Goodwin and Peters over a distance of 220 yards. Goodwin allowed Peters ten yards start. Goodwin won in 23 seconds. A tug of war between ten members of the Fire Department, In sides of Ave men each, was hard on a long hemp rope. Both sides did some hard pulling. Stuart Young and Dr. Logan served as guide posts. A one-half-mile dash between Ingram, Tevis and Milton D. May showed the staying powers of Ingram,. who won the race. " .. Xow comes tne csice-wajK, an nounced iir. Shreve, and the band Kastus on I'araae, ana eleven colored couples, arrayed in vivid colors, stepped out and pranced along f iic track! Glass Jewels glistened and oianlty was feigned by each contestant. The prize was finally awarded to coupla No. S. known for the time-being as Dosdctnona JohniHjn and Ebcnexer How-sr-j. Desdemcna wore a light-blue silk n i-'sta and dt-pended mainly for her dignified look to eye-glasses and a long. weeping walk. Howard was as stiff as u rtatue and unyielding. Another race, which c&me next, was a mile run, mode by Wood McDonald. Al-K-n Fritz. Milton D. May, William Ingram and W. H. Pendleton. May had the staying power and won, clearing the distance in five minutes and fifteen seconds. ; Fireworks trough th entertainment ta,.- ' . . their turns, where the young people crowded the dancing floor. SHOWERS ARE NEAR. Cloudy Weather Will Prevail To-Day In This Vicinity. "Pair in eastern, showers in western portion" Is the forecast for Kentucky to-day. In this vicinity cloudy weather win prevail, with thermometrlc and barome tric conditions gradually becoming favorable for light showers. Although the change in temperature will not be very great, yet it will be noticeably warmer than that of yesterday. As Indicated Wednesday night the area, of high barometer, which then covered the eastern half of the coun try, has dissipated very considerably. At this point the 'barometer fell .13 of an inch in the past twelve hours. Jt has fallen about the same amount jtn all parts of tae Mississippi valley from Louisiana to iManltooa. The center of the "low" or storm are has moved into the Dakotas. The gen. -ral are of the. storm extends east as far as the Ohio valley. Apparently a portion of this general "low" passed north of the lake region and seUled over the Middle Atlantic States. Otherwise tt Is difficult to account for the origtfof the norm, wht'h was loca:i in trat ec;!n last nigjit,- Tha remnan:s I the fcig'i pres sure area are apparency sMmg over tiie fta;es south of the Ohio valley. Should the presaure accumulate In that Quarter, as it aeems likely to do, a speU of warmer weather will soon set In. In- this event, too. the prospect for showers will diminish. For four weeks oast tha night tav thn manually. IT 13 NOT IM MODEST." When she went Into the shops Ihe gen tlemanly floor walkers were very much surprised, while the young women behind the counter took a great Interest in Miss Chestlc's legs. When the storm broke other women gathered up thlr bedraggled skirts and ran for shelter. The observing then percelvfd that they wore no legglns. Miss Chcstlc, on the other hand, walked calmly along. Her hat and her cloak were waterproof and there were rye pet ticoats to swish and swash In tha rain 'I have long bn an enthusiastic wheelwotnan." said Miss Chestic to the reporter who called on her at the hotel, "and It occurred to me that there would be no immodesty but Infinite utility In wearing bloomers on a rainy day. o I Invented this costume In London and after I wore it many women followed my example.' The Summer Girl's Complexion. (Chicago Tribune.) A delightful and simple and soothing lotion (or the skin is witch bezel and cold, cream, and as tiie summer girl's complexion must he as soft and clear as her skill at athletlo sports, she could carry some of the cream In a dainty china box when she goes a way. One ounce each of white wax and spermaceti and one-Quarter pint oil of almonds. Melt, pour the mixture Into a marble mortar, which has been heated by being Immersed for some time in boiling wate; add very gradually three ounces of rose -wafer and one ounce of wltca haael, and assiduously stir the mixture until an emulsion Is formed. and afterward until the mixture Is near ly cold. Foot Crushed. Uefore teaching Horn Borne time ago a colored man named Will Hamilton, whose home is at Fifth afid Tork streets, left this city for Chi. cago. Tffc;erday a tatroi wagon took him from the Ttntn-stree: depot to hts iiome. One H nil feet lia.l been badly maseJ btan the buffer of two coaches. Ham:lt to was trylr.g to stsej a ride luck tv oid Kentucky. F.pttorth Uigurra' llcaiw. The members of the Fall Cities United Epworth League held their annual pic nlc yesterday at Warwlrk Park. It was a very enjcjabls affair and craa atteaaea.. Eastern Tark was the place selected by the Kentucky Society of the Bona of the American lie volution for the cele bration of Independence Day. At 4 o'clock a large and patriotic assemblage at the Invitation of the Pons of the American Itevoiutton collected about I be stand of the second rest. tVats wrre placed about the platform, and on the platform were the special guests of the members. The spectacle was qjlte a beautiful one. as the stand was com pletely covered with flags and draperies of the trt-colurs. Hesldes the many fedestrlans that ruld be seen coming over the undulating hills, were stylish equipages filled with gayly-dressed women, every one carrying flajts and other patriotic emblems commemorative of the day. Many children had on dresses of red. white and blue, and ail the women and men Lad badges of the national colors. The eccaaton was a memorable one. as It has been many years since there has been an attempt to revive anything like a patriotic observance of the day The stand contained many of the Daughters of the American Revolution, besides the honorary members of the Kentueky Suns of the American Hero- lutlon. Among these on the platform were, Mr. George Woo. ITeslJent of the society; Dr. Thomas Grant, den. Thomas II. Tayler and wife, Mr. Stuart Knott. Mrs. Henry L. Pope. Mrs. Will Lyons. Mrs. Ilogers Clay. Mrs. Welssln-ger. Dr. and Mrs. Larrabee. Mrs. Kors. Miss Grant. Mr. M. M. Merrill, Mr. Charles II. Mantle and family, CoL An drew Cowan. Mr.- and Mrs. Wilson. Mrs. K. I. Thlxton and daughter. Mr. and Mrs. Maxwell. Mlos Harnett, Mr. Thomas Hall. CapL Grsy, CoL Ilu'klfy, Miss Grlmjley. Mr. Tuley, Mrs. W, II. Grinstead. Mr. John, I. Tacgart and daughters. Mr." John Kuell. Dr. John Thruston ard wife. Judge Kastln. Mr. and Mrs. Mafclo. Alter a number of r.ati.vnal airs had been played Mr. Wood railed the aasetcblage to order. Prayer was offered by rr. W. II. Whltsitt. and "America- was sung by the entire audlvr. As the wordi reverberated through the woodland It A.-ned to thrill the crowd with rtrWI enthusiarm. At this Juncture Mr. Arthur M. Ttutledg stepped forward and read the Declaration of Independence, repealing the ImmortaJ words with an earnest ness that gave tr.rtn new 'meaning to many who listened. The "Star-spangled Ttanster" we next sung. Marletrate Webster, one cf" tre singers, who had many times been In the chorus of the old celebrations, rame to the front and clreeted the must. The event of the occasion was the ad dress of the Rev. W. It. Jennlnr. who delivered one of the finest oration hear t here In years. He was attentively list ened to and was fre-Untly Interrupted by api-lause. He said in substance: "On this lovely day. a day fT pieaiure and patriotism. In t Ms utirlan park which nature and art have Joined to make a place of rest and beauty. In he shade of these old trrea. whith rival those unl'r which the Iralia held their mystic rites; Wtieath the overarching Armament of blue which contains the throneroom of Ood. with the snngs of birds and the fragrance cf felt and woodland flnwers to bear our thoughts heavenward, we are met to rehearse the heroism of our fathers and to renew our vows of enthusiastic devotion to our country, their Mood-bourht gift to us and to our children rorever. Men tnoum the decadence In the observance of this dsy, so sacred to our fathers, and would restore it to Us old-time rt unlty as the great national festival. P.lght glad'y no we areepi ine ca.i ft th Sons or tne American nevoiuiion to sld In making the day one to arouse the spirit of pure Amertoanlsm and of dealing a higher Ideal of cttlsenihtp. 1'he causes ot ae-une in ise observance ire worthy of consideration, it may have bten the eloquence and windy rhetoric of old. a style so exaggerated and high-flown that it has been branded with that appropriate name 'the spread-eac's style.' and by the too free adaption of the advice thst every cltlsen ousht to get gloriously drunk on tne rounn or July. August rteyer and Acdy Tyer. Uth sons of August Deyer. the toy dealer. were arrested yeeterday afternoon for celebrating the Fourth. The erst boy is f fteen years el. He was steading cw the corner ef Koort and Jeffereow streets, firing off a tseuj which was lo0-d with Mark rartri-lgea. 0!3cT 1 HUrk arrested tint for shooting la Ike city limits. Andy lyr was wslklr.g down Fourth street earning a p.stoi In j hla band. At Fnvrtk and Green streets be saw t (fleer Davis, one f the boy s com ran tons total htm t- look cut. as a policwia wss near. I don't rve for the cop; he e no better than any em else." he said. Th 4ffi-er heard the re mark and promptly iut hla tuxler ar I RECEIYED WITH EYLHY CCURTESY rera4 f 1 n ij Mlt e Hrtt til I Ihe 1 1 isjmeis. ' L ' TUBS Hll 4 IsMMtwl 11 11 i s aeete rn rm ee fe akeas) Ir tee i I Wae a44 Ssswea. - U Hbbs Cluns rr CcUai lie JapaBr Lradrrs. LOSSES DURING T1IC WAR. ELElUlS-JlHLrJCAS HtU.Ql 442 aa 44 M. Jefftrasa T tsrsalssiiia rfe ta tie rUe-ia srr T sb 4 are4r TneJt ca rts'it aa4 txa AeserisUs. 4 sier ,- 1 ! i-e I let a Mi t .. test. PROF. HUXLEY'S SISTEfl, Mrs. Jolin Scott, Lives In Xa&hvlUe, Tenn. Married a Schoolmate of Great Scientist. tho The Nashville TUnner says: It will tie news to the vast mawtty 04 people In Nashville to learn that a sister of Prof. Huxley lives in this city anl has lived, heee for enany years. She r Mrs. John Hcott. and her present ttome Is 1412 McGavork street. WHO hr daug.Aer. Mrs. F1-rence M. Koberts, the tstuneMe wifeuf Mr. All-ert IVjtoerta. Many yers ag younsr Huxley and John Scott rrai oat4 in th same ctasa at London ITnlversHy. They were tad-mate fiienda, n4 U nappened later that young then Dr. John Scott, married Mr. Huxley's sister. The Hootts came to the I'nlted Stages and Vjrat4 at Montgomery, AU, where Ir. w-n a name ami a r"Mt atlon w-htcn were not entirely fxgotten wtn be The Hcott home was a seat of rattnre as well aa the atx.Lg I4ace rr iwa tharmitiAT daurtteta. P--.h cirrum-UM errvrd to attrt-t ltotrt Uohrrts atl Abert llorlm. Uth yuun rrn of rvsabe snental attainments. TT e result waa tne marriage cC urn ststers and brothers. . When Mr. Albrt !t"tvts wss d-Mng .U sp'en-lsl rwespsjx-r wk in Nashville in roe early set Vrs. Ktt. thrn a we low. lived with tilea. Il wave ac that time teat Mr. Huxley, who was already w.-rlJ-f, un1-t-k a trip to this roumry fir n.enial reetln. aoH o nstt tils sister. He was ta Nsst-viUe several weeas the gteet of Mr. Albert Kofcsrts. A eltsjn waa oir-v-latrd atnong the cit.sene raUHig on htm tor a pu-l'C. aJdreea. rri H waa s.(4 by everyTwdy V m tfrm It was imrmL of. Huxsry so.- In the Maotaie Ins. l ie before sn Invnense auUnce. In tMs ronneetl-n th-re is a givl story toU of Mr. Tuen OOm, wao was st that tim a Wsdirg fisrure In k-al fniuics on toe Isffoorratlc ssle. re priKnn for sn address was preeewu ed to Mr. I'Connor o stsn hla first quee-ts.n wee, "Is he a IU pubilcaa or a Dm- orfltr WhUe la Tfnnee-e ProT. Ifnxley rrsa snRM inveeucaoone 1.k greatly strenwikewed f m tr-ory hwt wna is known aa the New W&rli Is rsal'y c-Hee In point of fottnetlun Rian the it World. In Termessw Ym f OAjrvl f.ieeils of ihe fre-t.d horse. brti Vt-es an earner life than can travel la aty ofth Eurnexn cjniris. I unn his top to tb Fnltsd fnles Prof. Huxley alsj visr-.ed th enters of rulture arvl homes of rsence In the Kt. where he deirvered tv mntw r of addresses on sooyscts on whw-n he wss even then a recstniied nutnor. Ity. The recent press dispn?hes hsv fai)1 l tn-n;on the fact that toe mr sited the L'ntted Siais. Mr. csit is advarse-l In years tw. and ber halth Is stavt that se has not heea able to lead sn active life for some tlm. Mr. IUbert K -ea d4 f.n years ago. snd tb rtr of tre rml sentlst lives w!l Ma wtd-w. Her other daughter snd hr hnsosnd. Mr. Altrt Ilvberte. rMd la tt N ashv Ule. HAZEL KIRKE 11 COURT. Said To Have Stolen $16 and Then Jumped Over a Fence Al. Kidd'Cae. (Tt ki Lsttsr re New Tar Ilersil i:xtwrarr Jjn W. FeeLsr, bas bn acting as aansee axM gi serai Psc(akr tj Li Jlsoc ffcetig. arrtv4 here front CLia sowse ttsys Ago. sjc eoeapaa4 by bat ferretary. Mr. Ilew-(Vrsun. Tfcere waa soma tineaOoai at first aa t how th Jaea would reretva hiss. seeclaCr th Uwrnmect rereataUve. Una iMrni Twki awsper. tr.e kVkua KlLnitua. rrrnarfced tkat Mr. totr eouU not be etissej with China's friend. Von Haaaetew, thvtign hla twMnne ot thera had. beets It timber the Icxeretna of Ctina It was Cnally reer44 that th Otv ernnaetst oog-Bt t accord htoa treao- mnt fceewrolef t ttrsanal staad:r g. and thus tienKMstrat ts4 Jsoaa la sufScieatry ma gnanl meets n4 CtersJ tt apprev-iaae th mni of those e srba tav tsbored worthily In ta tat of her eattee. Hog Oil neaaec dil nt extend far. The tniyg-U J knew very well that Mr. Foster ha4 gsns to Clujm ta all la aVjwt t-ese. an4 h was a tauck tne fn-rd cf Jat-an as Csina. TSy knew tnst MT. Fctr had 4-me go -4 s-rvlce x Khimonoarai la ttrring Lt Hueg CEaxjr ta ace-; the ruaaitvs effered and in convincing turn f u-iy tsat anything 4s nsiu ic uiur UaaKTuo- tl.a cf They knew aia- that after the rty was tnaise Mr. Foeter waa u f ul l Inamtleg that Ctna ko her fait I Tiers was av 11 Pkia t t th last hor t repnd'.at the treaty, and Mr. Faster' edw a4 lfti er e www tMaded to prevent IS rMeteapiisu ei knavery. ThersTor W r. Foster every acorCel tha kiadest rses te a in Ttnv tn Talr last h r :W. with Vtn- HT Ihjnn. u;n 'net Ita, I Tin Min ister, upon his invitation, aad was cr- oiaily rwired. Noiritl (asr'lia l len-1ere4. f-r th ressw teat Mr. Foe tera a.ttitue tew era ta ChJee ( ernment rather forfcea It. ht thee was no lack f ss-'imt 1 wsi hint that IB Jareoese nxtat4 hs sri hl'sssl tin as a racenfcr. a'-es private t-mtns 4 Tt- ShKnena. f'kgra an4 Tilas. htna nrl him a, rwsyiwii ntery flatter, ajrd tfe sCair Iv r4s - AV,4s eaay evewirg last at th rrsv-oewce 4 Mr. i S ara. At th oitehsston of dtner lb Otatr. nan tl4 a very haras. wss ewnfusml to Mr. Foster. av4 tkewva s rs I WlUiama. wno. h said, had hsi wltn Jat-n la her lafenrr. srly a rsrtr of a reetary sa. sr 4 wn etatow f her now isj yewtrfni rntnl 4 he wsell Us rxa4 t har. Aft la dlnaM' the wse a rharscw trtl Jspnaes ntrte4iBrt In lt lair hail 4 lh rs44oo. sn tir irvtir o4 ttrsssss M smuM Mr grwewfel netresses t in oertwetrai cotopenisnseit at vwry o4 Jsfsi. tin the fi-liostat BMu Mr. Foster was rst4 titwn si tf-s lBettsl 111 ly a delrstio) of r '. lt iHte4 l-n in railway snd stmeBlB l"-e-swts t-t JaaL TKetr stassnn. Mr. Atnasars. aitver4 a tW s44i, I tiki he ea.4 th4 th SKncsTTtsl tnta c f J sn fuKf SH-eerialeJ in that he had la Bljtng In t1neig son! a Mtlknxl of lb aifrwiue wham had arssrn htw Oiat sa4 Jae. In aesttng t teH.g ta ut.hBty le a l-se I had greatly advao4 th hsiaee4 nerats vt lH h rvairl, ant as huetnewe rnen la Japan h sa4 Ml fellows wr sneeed t thank taaa. He ltn issMnt4 Mr. rir. La nra o( UaMrif ac.4 ssaoctalcs. te txsaUfiel va. n lestlnsotBisI u thsr HMn snd atprsctattu. Mr. Feeler ms4 a very taraa and ertw""lte r twbat. a-o4 thee was tnvxh suwi feeU tng ail around. Th lTs-ss.t f u- Tha Chsml-rr of Cotnnsrro wished senier Mr. Fosr a 1 t4 tr:t. but h ds-lnd apon tb grenod el nw mum eeasrjta. Mr. Foeler ear th fty r-ad wi?h Japan Is very unppJar In Chlrs, sod that Li llur fhacg Is In rrvat 3 's-favtr. IIU fai)rlr l leklg nr Ss WE SELL AT PAR. ' Sirltsu a4 rssese s a Ca, atsT t . i Tan c- street rjlilway stocks. VI IVY Ai ST3X Lonlstltl (iailBSy Ctv Stack Maffal Railway Cav -te.k. !w Ortaaaa Traattats Ctv. ttak. ALM3TJEDT BROS., a la at. tsmuaw a aoLot . TVs hate fee e ftw rr.LTaKi Cltr AMI UK. r K1.NT CUT. IM'llllU.r. liviLWAT M HT. FALJ r.lll.WAV J. t I hit (UT. 4MLlla TNs, trs il m sus- lue, UJ iH4 iwcrll'ts) j'.iis v. a it urrrv. C4 W Mats .. l,i. kr. ERAIJI, PROYIsTCoSTSTOCU! ss O 4 T Ct Meleje. en 1 1 MitMo ss M, FISHER V CO. Broke ra. TH0S. & W.n. .HAIZE, Mstt na4 ss4 Lrs, e ea4 s0 MsesitseJ avt sV Bos tt. BVsi eteews. reresww V-r t rslsisei FtAelny ' Ctv. Ces.abUa J laeaxs) a4 1 rv4 C. W. G. OSB0U.NE & COe, r4.k e4 bm4 . MM Kt Mala f-tretrt, tre rr 4 wimw a4 1 n tts'e Issra. ? 1 se 1a Jew I as a S4c i-i 1 1 st SB. N. W. HARRIS & CO, nANKERS. IhJ-laS feniana s st-. ChacaTa. fat-5 rfKt f th ! s pwiumJ r Jatsv ts Isie e Wi-s 1i sr "- in J Ibm yar aa4 -l-l r J4 i;tw c. ft r.s, st 7sr. Tt witkl t.itva -eejtia ,4 tr liMistn' tft sl.i't fc4 tb 1'I"-.M was s f .. It fwr esv ...... .... S s --"4 o 4SO , is s-S vkhr uvt . 1 svj Trtal Th c-1'h at f r:u . T. r4 ts a". . v,rf.a . ls lra 4sm , r 1 1 Trial .. , y; $ Net Btn tenTr1l hswsn has rB a vs suni ta sr w.ta r-.t ntJi- !. T t.k 4T aa w ir1 4 m hvM hasn s4r s-'iog e-ra tsB f -r - r. kUUf lis fW4 - w :m I BBt, T t t g MM MrMSIIOBL B-4 et tKs r4r-e ' .rt.i -wca-4 rr la Tc-sv. T e-re. 1 h- I ,Pi a t lh eitt are t.A r !-. ht llr ar havww h bbs;i It s.ifsi 1k tse 1.1 1 ea-ieirr wa -4 ta tausetsa 1 t-'i wee s-.rvsn ly lul Threw er ZMJ ms it" 4 i-r 1 sog tht tn-t- Th tJ enet of ths wsr 1 ear frH l hi m Ttts til b- hts t rettirn T ths tnxsi ta tt hot, th tfUTUtaBUo etij tI?Ttni 'I r abi ti d s saM lettelt Jfi ti J ,',i4k. AJa4-a le t twt 4vtU li st irvmti tt bs(s e IfkLsxr' r rv f'hina. 1 WU " Ttl t sr a . mm t"rsths t1.-M str fi ii Cmm Hi9 t-r k f Mn Nnt. Another cause of the decsdenr waa those troublous times wnen tn country waa rent In twain, and In thotf subsequent years when the wounds were healing but the pain iingereo. 1 tower er, the non-observance of U day Is due to the prcsenc In our midst of millions of men who are not In sympathy with and who ar Ignorant of our National traditions ana tne pnnc-ioi-s of our Oovernment. It Is needful to re vive th festival, as It Americanise tn masses of foreigners who are crowding In upon us. Henry Clay, standing upon the Allegheny neignis. sam ions; aiu, 1 hear the tread of coming millions.' but prophet though he was. Clsy never dreamed of the vasiness 01 inese multitudes of emigrants. Statistics show thst within the iast ten years we have suffered a peaceful Invasion by sn army of more thsn four time ss vast ss the erUmated numwn or 'Joins ana van dals that swept over houtnern r.urvpe and overwhelmed Rome. During the past IOO years U.OOO.OOu foreigners have made their homes in the United States. That these have not been assimilated Is attested by the fact thai we haveao Irish vote, a German vote, a Mormon vote, n SoclalMt vote. This day has Its uses. It is ordained for the renaissance . of patriotism. Socialism, which heretofore seemed confined to European countries. Is now seeking Its solution In our land and exposing us to consequent danger. Here votes are bought and sold wtth scarcely an attempt at secrecy, thus perverting our very birthright, for which our fsthers paid their blood. Into sn article of common merrhanJ. As loyers of country we must face and fight these foa to liberty. The ballot Is pnr all-sutrieieitt weapon of sttack. Hfe lies the suprrrr. causer political Indifference. Men of I u Inees atiilty and moral Int'g'ity ttty away from the poi1, Mirrr.4-iiig tte co-miy t- ihe saltan mea. nn,; una i.t'-T cl-repuveieie clae. O.:: ;.ui:i..u rai br made sl.lng tbal In ;jS th- re wer 4.0i.ui0 absentsee f-oro the p-lls. About every fourth man a as an alw sentee; sons of Ohio absent. 1V.- 000 sons of Fennrylvsnta absent, I.!" seas, of New Tork absent. One man at the pau-is was equsl to four at tb nstUa. This sin la sut heinous. There Ther wer but few case on lh docket of th Folic Court yesterday morning, and the officials rf that tribunal were not long detained from their en joyment of th Fourth. In on of th few rases th nam of th defendant was Itaael Klrke. When that nam, so famous In theatrk-sl clrcl, wss railed, a little faded-out Monde walked wearily around and faced JuJge Hmlth with, a resigned smile. "What did Haael Klrke tVr ak.4 Mr. Thurman. when the prosecuting witness, n stylish l.tlle woman, had taken tha stand. "She robbed me of Hi." was tbt answer. -Where did she get Itr tte Prosecuting Attorney asked. "Out of my stocking, while I was asleep, the altness replied. Fhe wnt on to say that the had seen the defendant take the money, being wakened by th operation, and had made her put It back. When she had fallen asUep again, however, she said, the prisoner suored In her attempt. "That Is not robbery. said Jn-lge Smith; "It la petit larceny. 'Have you any witnesses? Inquired Mr. Thurman. "I have witnesses that she Jumped over the fence." the wtinrs replied. Th res was passed till Saturday. A yellow negro. Al Kldd ty name. was found hy a policeman In the stat 1 of a hour out on Fourth street. "How long hav you been here T" Judge Smith asked him when be waa presented yea-teiday. . -I Imvs hen coming here for eight cr nlu vrars." wa It answer. "'.r la -mi conte from?" asked Mr. Tt-urman. JeTe. ..nvlll." nas the answer. "u, J flerswiville," ch4 Mr. Thur-nau. 1'i-n dwllsrs." sai l JnJre Smith. Tl bailiffs wete icadiog him bob-. "lirtng blm back." sad Judae Fu.ilh. 'I you Sect lo so tax. k to J-ffsoo- viii r Tes. sir, the negr answered gladly. "Three hundrej dcilar for on es, then, and I will give jeu.oo hvur la get, out of loan." Ms return from hhtasonokl w as lakr-a advahlag of. and Ihe lowaa-r I. pre. wt was l4ln4 to f tt. him la tb iW party. h h r.nal'y forr4 lo aiv Mm ts Chinr Chi Hur.g. to Viceroy of Naektnc. w h has log lB an enemy of LI Hung Obi. a. Is uum th vital fore In t4l Isr. IU u tsilVilf hut very actus geBliemaav Mr. F4r 414 ix I say so. hut I r ar I believe that tnaJtgnsel r!4 rssrsj has had much t da with nurlr.g up lh troubl In Foi hubs, lie wttk4 agaltBBt th twllfU-satoa of th treaty with Japan vn down lo "h-Koo, oi h Is dtersnin4 t trmmM. down and destroy LI Hung Chang. Mr. Foster Inaista tba4 IJ I th abieet and ht snan la China, lie ran nt h rumpared with lh Japanrs leaders, who hav had doratloe, and tnnch with ail th world, hvnauas he has nr outside of t'hlra. lis stl!l ram t suirBUtkOea ef hie rarw and mJ ir bstng wounded at Hhlmonosekl last Msrra h rnt horn for a nerromanorr. who pr trd to evaporate the t-ult In hi far by htimlng sacr4 bits t pir and waving his h.an4s. Il U Mr. KoBter s o rk n that It Is a fearful mistake for ct ir.a t hav a fir.anclal dl with I'.nssia. tte SB y s thst IA Hunc Chang Is bitterly oft ass 4 ts havlr.g any irutfr.l ahsiaurter with lluse la. for he knows that llussia means no rv"-l lo lh (Virstial Kmi-'.rew Mr. Foster taks n sf k la ssortee of rrvc I ir and la t, T!ir is nio-vjy is lead, t .-a 'r4e are nii lipoe4 t earn I' eves for ttersneoi. T." nvay a llrtl lr.tvenrr.t In CMna la lt nr of railway l-u.:;!nr irr.r. tmt n subtntii rfvni, no enerl awaking. Aakd sa to whetnef L '4 Iji woult be r:urse4 1 Japaa as Mia.s. ter. Mr. Frer s. 1 h n-..ti seit. hjt ik: Iri 1.: s rs: s' n .n ass to rs Amsnii-r t s-t l:u-asn !- -r I av 1rr-rr.s t , --n to r "eot iat Mr. F-;r s t-i'-J bv 1-1 ilu'l Chare I rems.n . t -1 a r.a iiir Tor rtn ium h n-i:tr t'e larg .;.;'' rfr. i, nor the tujo cf Vi r Bknln i4u h n to 4 l ' I' ha nrr ;s'y yaea rf . al he I kssws hi hr It r-iw s - f-V. corrupt, uspatntl. s. saneJet-t C'OS , , X Usvt Jutt ulai aa Sc al ba: an tantaeir M rare Mesa lt inalaale4 Agstwa I T lite. Very rsrlov ib are fw tvatt r'S iJil .a, sj t News e.l Chrws.. ir. pe-v-i chrt ta reruua t t. u as Ms.t.ia. asisl ul a . I ailw t: r hsxe l share) la th.r U-na.tcj r. iir k a os c4 a Mr. Ilet.ry Jt4i, waa. few, his w.'l. t rovo4 la Fehmary. IK2. Cmm cssres: "In ras 0-1 war4 SvaJt wear Btac-a. lsn as devss ara iabefor 4Mcuni4 la favor f tttnt. hat sppute hers. B4. 1 aeetav 4 tos .4 -aie. t,4 Ifpr rark, -ha I be Vvl. sal I erie v . Taxs) ta my . w W til'.aan. his spsniates. hrSrs) axd as-Cb. And la res ay ttusl WTLis tarn shaU wear aientlsl, tb the tte vis nrrtaifar siting in faa 4l h.m. his sf4Xates. heirs, cr ans eafl tay eaiat. risked Tsaeethasa Fark, eaail h vi; and I Oet te asutl ta.a t n.y ss,J s.-a P-l b a 1. hig ajst j4:ee. bun, aa4 i l" Mr. ln.44 U shu mrgvUr la fais t)a tK-a 11 lie snurtsr-h. Mr. Ftsmg. mm mi istsrr su4 nphtei'-ier ot FtslCs ty ast Weil rt weir. y yar sgw Save li 4),et-st sso ta Ss espir f-t erhs "l u thvss who Jrl la wearing m SBUslache. 1 ot.: j .- S.suMaslr. a tsrr SB. nant4 IwMfl. prcvj4 again! his sieocraeurs Indti'.ng ta bis pel aver .en by t i-t4.r.g frstn prTI-r-sJkB la his est si r.y ' hi tt 4s mrm 4-!. tb4 h-i r-t in assdig as raus. Tie, ( llsrta )uaa lh rUnka. rraosf-n. Vr. Jtly 4- ypctal tetry 't fat H te rttvig il tscwiar isaftrrly refKts fa rhsj ! f'st Utlt. rilr t htgl ro.l'nn July 1 It Is I ' sasan rr sry of h-n ill th' W a tsrslth y mmm 4 tt IsxtMwteut.s gjral!S ar. I pot t-v a sutis4sl isj It t liuw f her l4T hM larrtCg rw U Ut a . IM

Clipped articles people have found on this page

Get access to

  • The largest online newspaper archive
  • 23,000+ newspapers from the 1700s–2000s
  • Millions of additional pages added every month

Try it free