BLYTHEVILLE COURIER NEWS THE DOMINANT NEWSPAPER OF NORTHEAST ARKANSAS AND SOUTHEAST MISSOURI VOL. L—NO. 149 Blytheville Courier Blytheville Daily New* Mississippi Valley Leader Blytheville Herald BLYTHEVILLE, ARKANSAS, THURSDAY, SEPTEMBER 16; 1954 SIXTEEN PAGES Published Daily ExceptSunday SINGLE COPY FIVE CENTS Latest NCPC Entrants Seek Beauty Title and Picking Prize Miss Nancy Terry McCollum (left) is the second entry in the Queen of the National Cotton Picking Contest and G. W. Hodge (in right photo) of Blytheville became the firts entry in the oldster's division of the national event. Miss McCollum is a high school senior at Stuttgart, Ark., where she has won a handful of beauty titles. Among them are Miss Arkansas County and Miss Arkansas Valley. She is a drum majorette, a member of National Honor Society and for three years was named a beauty of the Dixie Music Camp. She stands just a, half-inch under 5-8 and will be competing for first place prizes of a $500 cotton wardrobe and a seven-day trip to Havana, Cuba. With ten midsouth beauties now signed for the event, contest Chairman P. D. Foster, Jr., expects some 25-35 girls from Missouri, Kentucky, " Arkansas, Mississippi and Tennessee. •• Mr. Hodge is 83 years old and relates that he has been a citizen of Blytheville for 40 years and helped with the pouring of concrete on Main Street. He is shown registering with Con- 'test Chairman Kelley Welch. His .sponsor will be Eddie Saliba. (Courier News Photos) Eased Crop Edict Hailed By Farmers Means Millions To Missco, FB President Says "It means millions to Mississippi County farmers." That's the way County Farm Bureau President Bill Wyatt described the decision handed down yesterday by Secretary of Agriculture Ezra Benson. Mr. Wyatt labeled the Benson announcement the "most important piece of good news our farmers have heard this year." He said farmers over the county welcomed the news "and are especially happy it came this early, so plans for next year may be made now." Yesterday, Secretary Benson came through with a relaxation of stringent crop controls for 1955. Most important part of that an- nounceemnt as far as farmers of this county are concerned is that they may plant unlimited soybean acreage for next year. Prior to yesterday's edict out ot Washington, many of the county's acres were slated to go into grass crops and some of them seemed doomed to lie idle. Tho announcement was pronounced especially important to renters who felt they couldn't afford to go into a long-term grass or hay program ''such as alfalfa) on another man's land. The soybean long has been the crop on which the county's cotton farmers have relied during periods of tight acreage controls. Lawson Eyes Missco Bottlenecks Highway 61 Association. Is Urged Miss Wijlie Lawson of Little Rock, a member of the State Highway Commission, yesterday urged the Blytheville Kiwanis Club to assist in the forming of a Highway 61 Association in Mississippi Comity to stimulate interest in the betterment of the highway and its future re-location. Miss Lawson, who was in Blytheville yesterday to study "some of the traffic bottlenecks in Mississippi County," told the Kiwanians that conversion of Highway 61 into a four-lane highway and relocation of the road to bypass Blytheville were now in the planning stage. The proposed four-lane high- way, she said, will extend from the junction of Highways 63 arid 61 at Lake David to the Arkansas-Missouri state line. •••••However, she gave no hint as to when such improvement work is to be started. "I don't see how you Blytheville citizens stand the noise of buses and trucks rumbling through the heart of your city. Why, if I were a resident of Blytheville I would do almost anything to get that highway away from your schools," Miss Lawson said. Miss Lawson also termed the Highway 18 bottleneck as "a disgrace to the state of Arkan- sas, Mississippi County and to Blytheville." And, she added, "Something needs "to 1 'be done about it as soon as possible." A former resident of Blytheville, Miss Lawson was county school supervisor here more than 15 years L ^ago. Miss Lawson met with Mayor E. R. Jackson and Worth Holder, manager of the Chamber of Commerce to discuss the Highway 18 situation yesterday morning. She came to Blytheville from Osceola where she spoke to the Osceola Rotary Club Tuesday night. Adlai Cites Democratic Prosperity Ike 'Vacationing Hard 1 FRASER, Colo. UP) — President Eisenhower was pictured by aides today as "vacationing hard" at his Rocky Mountain trout fishing camp here. Weather ARKANSAS — Clear to partly cloudy this afternoon and tonight; Friday considerable cloudiness with scattered showers and thundershowers south portion; little change in ternperatuers. MISSOURI—Generally fair south and partly cloudy north portion this afternoon, tonight and Friday with scattered showers likely extreme north tonight; no decided change in temperature. Minimum this morning—69. Maximum yesterday—98. Sunrise tomorraw—5:44. Sunset today—6:06. Mean temperature (midway between hish and low—83.5. Precipitation lost 24 hours to 7 a.m. today—none. ' Precipitation Jan. 1 to this date — 24.25. This Date Last Ye*r Maximum yesterday—91. Minimum this morning—58. Precipitation January 1 to date — 34.79. Stevenson Hits Diet of Myths, McCarthyism' CINCINNATI UP) — Democrat Adlai Stevenson last night called for an "agonizing reappraisal" in the hearts of Republican politicians "who for so long nourished us on myths and McCarthy ism." "One of the myths and distortions that has been carefully cultivated for a long time is that the Democratic party is anti-business," he told a Democratic campaign dinner. The 1952 presidential candidate said the Republican "hatchet men will conduct the smear attacks on the flanks" while President Eisenhower delivers "little ser- monettes." But he said the election this week of a Democratic governor in Maine for the first time in 20 years confirms that "our people are tired of this unending diet of equal portions of niceness, nonsense and nastiness." His reference to "an agonizing reappraisal" was a take-off on a similar phrase used by Secretary of State Dulles several months ago regarding foreign policy and Indochina. He said: "The 'agonizing reappraisal' for which Mr. Dulles called should begin first of all in the hearts of the Republican politicians who for so long have nourished us on myths and McCarthyism for political profit." Stevenson made no further di- See STEVENSON on Page 5 Inside Today's Courier News . . . We Thought the Sewer Proposal Was Decided . . . Editorials . . . Page 6 ... . . . Stancil Says Wildcats Stronger Than in 1953 . . . Sports . . . Pages 8 and 9 ... . . . News of Men to Service . . . Page 7 ... . . . Sen. Jackson, House Speaker Martin Square Off In Defense of Respective Parties . . . Page 3 ... Capital Gets State's Farm Aid Pleas By THE ASSOCIATED PRESS Rep. Gathings tD-Ark) in Washington has asked that drought aid be made available to farmers 'in areas still not designated "drought disaster" while almost simultaneously in Arkansas Gov. Francis Cherry urged easing of loan restrictions. Cherry said yesterday that easing of loan restrictions would help the lower bracket farmers in their battle against the drought. Gathings told Washington officials there were many farmers in his district unprotected by federal aid who nevertheless were sorely hit by damaging drought. * * * HE SAID that five of 10 of the counties in his district had been declared drought disaster areas, however, "there are spots in the other counties where farmers had been equally as hard hit." Lee, St. Francis, Cross and Poinsett counties were approved for federal aid in an order issued by the Agriculture Department yesterday. "Producers in Clay, Greene, 'raighead, Mississippi and Crittenden counties have suffered crop ^ailures and should be entitled to similar consideration," Gathings told department officials. "I urge you to give early attention and consideration to the end that these additional counties be designated as disaster areas," he said. CHERRY MADE his appeal for 'eased restrictions" during a meeting of the state Drought Committee which met in special session with top farm officials, bankers and farm group representa- ives. The groups met to work out immediate and long-range aid for arm families. Cherry said the drought relief program was "very welcome" but hat he was becoming concerned for the small farmer. h Vice President Points to Maine As on Exompie COLUMBUS, Ohio UP)—Vice Pres ident Richard M. Nixon last night urged Republicans to knuckle down to the business of winning elections and warned them of the dangers of party disunity. Nixon declared: "If you were for Eisenhower in 1952 . . . you have no choice but to vote for Republican candidates for the House and Senate-in 1954." "One of our major dangers is disunity in the Republican organization. The Maine organization was fighting amongst themselves," he said. A Democratic-governor recently was elected in Maine, the first time in 20 years, but Republicans won the state's senatorial and congressional seats. The party must v/ork hard, said Nixon, because if too many Democrats get in Congress they will "torpedo" President Eisenhower's program in mid-term. Will Be Eying 1956 Nixon said Eisenhower opponents in the 84th Congress would be looking closer at the 1956 presidential election than towards helping the GOP administration enact its program. "A democratic senate and house would torpedo this magnificent work—now at its mid-mark," Nixon said. He addressed the one-day Republican State Convention in a nearly filled 2,845-seat movie theater in Columbus. "Run scared," he said, because, •'the battles we lose, generally we were too sure of winning." The speech kicked off a 31-state barnstorming tour in the next 45 days by Nixon in behalf of Presi- working Republican majority in Congress this November. • Nixon said a large turnout of voters would assure a Republican victory. It's "the pressure groups" that will vote Democratic, the Vice President averred. If there is a small vote, he continued, those "pressure groups" will carry the tlection. Dulles Stresses Need to Make Alternative Method Declared a 'Must' BONN, Germany (AP) — Secretary of State Dulles declared here today "an alternative must be found" to bring West Germany as an equal partner into the Western alliance. Arriving by plane for emergency consultations in Germany and Britain, the American diplomatic chief was greeted by Chancellor Konrad Adenauer, Adenauer arranged for almost immediate private discussions with him in search of a substitute for the dead European Defense Community treaty. The talks with Dulles will be decisive for Germany's fate, the 78-year-old Chancellor had told deputies before departing for the airport from a parliamentary debate. In the debate. Socialists were attacking his government for what they called its "system of secret decisions." Dulles made it clear in a state- Eden Labels Paris Parley Satisfactory But He Holds Off on Word of Any Agreement PARIS (#>— British Foreign Secretary Eden and French Premier Mendes-France announced tonight they had agreed on the necessity for "close cooperation between France and West Ger; many" but did not say they had agreed on the means for achieving It. In a communique issued after two days of conferences, the Foreign Secretary and the Premier said they had fully agreed on the basic principle of a united Europe, including the full participation of Great Britain. PARIS (AP) — British Foreign Secretary Eden an- Premier Mendes - France are 'well satisfied" with their talks on rearming West Germany. He would not say, however, that agreement had been reached. Eden asked reporters to wait until an official statement is issued, which he said would be at 6 p.m. "I think that, this communique will express our satisfaction," the foreign secretary said. Eden and Mendes-France came out of a 2V-z hour conference at the French Foreign Ministry. Mendes-France said there was 'no contradiction and nothing irreconcilable" in their viewpoints. He announced there would be a ment at the airport that he interested perhaps more in what Adenauer has to say than in any idea he may be bringing with him. Dulles commented, for example, that Adenauer's government "has consistently followed such enlightened policies that its views must now command great respect." Adenauer, long an advocate of European unity, thanked Zdulles for coming in the present crisis and said "it does seem that the best Europeans come from the United States." To Discuss Sovereignty Surrounded by Allied and German officials, and accompanied by a State Department staff of five, Dulles told the assemblage: "I have come to discuss with Chancellor Adenauer the means of restoring sovereignty to the Federal Republic of Germany and bringing Germany as an equal partner into the society of the free. Such action has been suspended while various parliaments dealt with the treaties which contemplated that Germany sovereignty should be returned within the framework of an European Defense Community. "Since that program has been halted, at least temporarily, an alternative must be found. "The postwar Federal Republic has consistently followed such enlightened policies that its views must now command great respect. Therefore I come to Bonn for an exchange of views with the Chancellor. "Before final decisions are reached, there will of course be further exchanges of views between all who are genuinely concerned with the peace, security and freedom of Europe." ,. Dulles flew to Bonn in a U.S. Air Force DC6. After his brief airport speech, he joined U.S. High Commissioner James B. Corsant to drive to the Bonn chancellory for the talks with Adenauer. He will fly to London tomorrow to consult with Prime Minister Churchill and Foreign Secretary Eden. Dulles is bypassing France and the four other potential partners of the EDC pact—Italy, Belgium, the Netherlands and Luxembourg —on this trip, a fact which raised some European eyebrows even though he plans to see them later. Two London newspapers expressed fear the trip may heighten resistance among the French, who killed the EDC treaty, to rearmament of West Germany. "It cannot be supposed," said the Conservative Daily Telegraph, "that an American 'reappraisal' can go forward in a state of indifference to the French attitude." The Laborite Daily Herald declared the trip by Dulles might "completely upset any good that has been done" by Eden's current tour of West European capitals. Dulles reached Bonn just three days after Eden had conferred here with Adenauer on a British SCRAPBOOK F6R TURKISH YOUTHS — Glenn Ladd and Barbara Ledbetter (center) turn over to Mrs. Jerry Cohen, chairman of the Junior Red Cross, a scrapbook to be sent to school children in Turkey. The two students represent four civics classes of Miss. Monta Hughes which worked on the project under the sponsorship of the Junior Red Cross. (Courier News Photo) Via Blytheville Students ... Turkish Pupils Get Look at US. The product of many hours labor by 110 Junior High School students of last year was on the way to some comparable school in Turkey by way of Washington today. "National Government, A Part of Our Everyday Life" is the title of a scrapbook prepared by last year's four ninth grade civics classes of Miss Monta Hughes, to be sent to some foreign country under the auspices of the Junior American Red Cross. Final work has" just been completed on the project, and the book-' has been mailed to Offi-' cials in Washington for clearance. From there it will be sent to Turkey. The project, was a yoluntary undertaking by Miss Hughes and her civic classes and was done entirely by students in conjunction with their regular study of government. The country to which th« scrapbook would be sent was selected by the students, and Turkey was chosen because of th« great strides made recently ia development of democracy there. ".'. ' '. _' " : , Five sections of the scrapbook include the Constitution, government services, rights 'of citizens, duties of citizens and making of laws. : " Faubus Will Take His LITTLE ROCK (AP) — Orval Faubus, Democratic nominee, says he'll take "as much time as is available to make up my mind before announcing any political appointments." Faubus said he had made no decisions or committments. "I might make a committment today and regret it three months meeting of countries in the pro- |pi a n to change the 1948 Brussels alliance of five Western powers ected Western alliance in London probably on Sept. 27. The French Premier explained hat the two points of view had been fully set forth and a beginning made on bringing them to•ether. Diplomatic exchanges in he next few days, he added, would ring the view points even closer ogether. Earlier in the day, Eden in- j ormed the 14 nations of the North | tlantic Treaty Organization council about his plan. Meeting Closed It was a closed meeting, with no See FRENCH on Pag;e 5 against Germany into a 1954 alliance of seven powers, including Italy and West Germany, against Russia. The original members of the Brussels pact are Britain, France, Belgium, the Nehterlands and Luxembourg ALGIERS Crash** (/P) - A tri-motored transport plane returning from a mercy airlift mission to the earthquake shattered city of Orleansville crashed into a mountain today, killing the four crew members aboard. Dawson Named President of Schoolmasters Roy A. Dawson of Leachville was elected president of the Mississippi County Schoolmasters Association for the 1954-55 season at a dinner meeting held last night at Blytheville High School. Elected vice-president was M. H. Benton of Shawnee while John Mayes of Blytheville was elected secretary. Topic of discussion for a panel, led by Mr. Mayes, was school libraries. On the panel were A. G. Thompson and J. H. Wasson of Little Rock of the State Department of Education: Mrs. Francis Faulkner, Manila; Mrs. Ira Gray, Blytheville: Miss Winnie V. Turner, Blytheville; Mrs. B o w e n Thompson of Luxora; and E. W, Grabhorn, district representative of American Petroleum Institute. later," he said. The gubernatorial nominee told a press conference yesterday it might be January before he announced any appointments. Of course, Faubus must be elected at the Nov. 2 general election before he will be in a position, to make any appointments. Faubus seemed unconcerned about his. Republican opposition and said "we'll await developments" when asked whether he planned an active campaign. He said he didn't care to comment on the question—"are you worried about the threat of Little Rock Mayor Pratt Rename!?" Turning to the question of the coming Democratic State convention, Sept. 23-24, he said he didn't know of "any controversial matters" and believed there would b« no fights over "party loyalty." Army Plans Warnings In Event Toxic Agents' Escape in Transit - By ELTON C. FAY WASHINGTON (AP) — The Army is taking steps to warn itizens if deadly gas, radio- ogical or germ warfare ma- erials escape during shipment. A new regulation requires pub- c announcement "in event that oxic agents are released through ccident in a populous area which make immediate warning and vacuation necessary." A spokesman said today the reg- lation was issued as a "precau- onary" step, and that there had een no accidents involving CBR chemical, biological, or radiolog- :al) material. Army specialists who escort each hipment of CBR material from pots or production installations re directed to "request the assist- nce of newspaper, radio stations, cal police, etc." if an accident akes imperative the prompt arning of persons living in the Area. The regulation says that "if the technical escort personnel . . . are killed or seriously injured and can- nor issue" a warning announcement, the military shipping agency chemical officer of the nearest military installation or a similar agency should sound the alarm and send a representative to the scene of the accident immediately. The wording of the regulation and of a blank form for use as a news release indicates that the precise nature of the material involved might not be disclosed. The proposed nnnounccment would say only that an accident had occurred on a certain rail, truck, maritime or aircraft line at a named town or at a specified point on a highway route and "may have resulted in the escape of hazardous material which was being transported for the United States Army." The announcement also could say, depending on the circumstances, that guards had been posted to prevent entry into tiie dan- ger area; or that "evacuation of this area was necessary to the welfare of the community" because of wind and weather conditions; and that a further announcement would be made when the area was safe. Presumably, the most lethal of the CBR materials which might be spread by such an accident is the "G" or nerve gas. Exposure to r.erve gas causes strangulation and death _ within minutes. Like other war' gases, G-gas clings close to the ground, drifting with light wind. Detection and treatment must come swiftly. Radiological material — the byproduct of nuclear fission which produces poisonous contamination —acts much slower, requiring hours, days or weeks for effect. Thus, there is more time for preventive measures. The accidental release of germ warfare material probably would be the easiest with which to cope, since the onset of disease takes a ] comparatively long time. Bid Opening Doy Tomorrow on Drainage Job Bids will be opened tomorrow by Drainage District 17 for work to be done on an 11-mile divisionary channel to run from the Floodway south of Highway 18, through the New Bar Pits to State Line and Belle Fountaine ditches. The project is a cooperative effort by District 17, the Corps of Engineers and six Southeast Missouri districts to drain some 52,OCO .in Missouri and 3,200 acres in Mississippi County. District 17 spokesmen said earlier that the program will cost the local district 'practically nothing." Marciano-Charles Fight Postponed For Second Time NEW YORK W) — The Rocky Marciano-Ezzard Charles heavy* weight title fight today was postponed from tonight until tomorrow night because of rain. President Jim Norrl» of the In* ternatlonal Boxing Club announced the second postponement of the Yankee Stadium 15-rounder as a drizzling rain continued. Originally scheduled for last night, the return bout wax po«t- poned yesterday becaun of mia. Norris said tf another postponement Is necessary tomorrow night the bout would be rescbi4ul*4 for Saturday night.
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