The Daily Times from Davenport, Iowa on August 14, 1942 · 1
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The Daily Times from Davenport, Iowa · 1

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Friday, August 14, 1942
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Famed Atlantic Charter Points Are Reaffirmed TT XT H THE WEATHER Scattered nhowen tonight. DAVENPORT ROCK ISLAND - MOUNE JUj.. m Ji n a n 1 JUL JLL 2L VOL. LVL NO. 207. DAVENPORT, IOWA, FRIDAY, AUGUST 14, 1942 TWENTY-SIX PAGES PRICE: FIVE CENTS Roosevelt Sends Message to Churchill on Its 1st Anniversary n. n TIM' 11 n Fm n WASHINGTON. (AP) -On the first anniversary of the signing of the Atlantic charter, President Roosevelt reaffirmed today his faith in its eight cardinal principles as the basis for a better and happier world "when victory comes." . The chief executive and Prime Minister Churchill of England penned their names on the historic declaration at a secret meeting at sea exactly a year ago, when the United States still watched the war from the sidelines. Since then, all the United Nations have accepted its enunciation of post-war aims as a foundation upon which a permanent peace must rest. "When victory comes," Mr Roosevelt asserted in a message to Churchill today, "we shall stand shoulder to shoulder in seeking to nourish the great ideals for which we fight. It is a worthwhile battle. It will be so recognized through all the ages, even amid the unfortunate peoples who follow false gods today. "We reaffirm our principles. . They will bring us to a happier world." List Principles These, in brief, are the charter's eight principles: No territorial or other aggrandizement. No territorial changes not In accord with the freely expressed wishes of the peoples concerned. Respect for the rights of all peoples to choose their forms of government. Equal access to all nations to world trade and raw materials. Fullest international economic collaboration. Establishment cf a peace assuring safety to all nations and freedom from want and fear to all men. Freedom of the seas. Abandonment of the use of force among nations; disarma- ment of those threatening aggression. On these points, the president told the prime minister, "we based, and continue to base, our hopes for a better future for the world." A year ago, he recalled, nations fighting for their existence against a "common, barbaric foe" were units of small groups. Now these nations and groups of nations in all the continents, he said, have formed a great union of humanity, dedicated to realization of the program of purposes and principles of the Atlanti Charter, through a victory over common enemies. Hails United Nations "Their faith in life, liberty, independence and religious freedom, and in the, preservation of human rights and justice in their own lands as well as in other lands," Mr Roosevelt declared, "has been given form and substance through a great gathering of peoples now known as the United Nations. "Freedom and independence are today in jeopardy the world over. If the forces of conquest are not successfully resisted and defeated there will be no freedom and no independence and no opportunity for freedom for any nation. "It is therefore, to the single and supreme objective of defeating the Axis forces of aggression that the United Nations have pledged all their resources and efforts." : Prominent Display in London ; LONDON (AP) President Roosevelt's message to Prime Minister Churchill on the first anniversary of the signing of the Atlantic charter was given prominent display today in late afternoon editions of the London press. Strike-Bound War Plant Taken Over By U. S. in Jersey BAYONNE. N. J. (AP) High-ranking navy and army officers entered the strike-bound plant of the General Cable Corporation today under presidential order to take over its operation. Workers voted to return to their jobs at 4 p. m. The army officers arrived first, in two cars, with Brig. Gen. R. K. Robertson identified as one of them. Fifteen minutes later Rear Adm. Harold G. Bowen led a navy party into the plant. The officers refused comment. After they had entered the plant, General Robertson's chauffeur stood guard at the gate with a sub-machine gun. No pickets were in sight. President Roosevelt yesterday gave the order to take over after the strikers, estimated at 1,000 by their leader, voted to continue the walkout they started Monday midnight. Admiral Bowen, former chief of the navy's bureau of engineering, took charge of the Federal Shipbuilding & Dry Co. at Kearney when the navy seized it and operated it for 134 days last- year before returning it to private management. A strike leader yesterday hailed the presidential order and forecast it would signalize an immediate mass return to work. rrt un n w pans ?n Enemy Surface Craft Flee as Planes Attack London Releases Some Details of Mediterranean Battle WASP KOTJN FIGHT Announcement in London Says No American War Vessel Was Engaged LONDON. (UP) It was stated authoritatively today, in contradiction of Nazi boasts, that neither the aircraft carrier Wasp nor any other American war vessel was engaged in the Medit-terean battle. The Germans have claimed that six aerial bomb hits were scored on the 14,700-ton American carrier Wasp and that it fled, ablaze, toward Malta. LONDON. - (UP) - The 9,400-ton cruiser Manchester, one of Britain's newest, and the aircraft carrier Eagle have been sunk in a blazing naval-air battle in the central Mediterranean while escorting a large convoy to beleaguered Malta, the admiralty announced today. Branding German and Italian claims that upward of 30 British warships and merchant ships were sunk in the three-day battle as "exaggerated," the admiralty indicated that the aerial phase of the struggle might still be under way. Against the loss of the cruiser Manchester, which went down off the African Tunisian coast, and the old 22,600-ton carrier Eagle, the admiralty said that at least two Axis submarines were sunk and two torpedo hits were scored on enemy cruisers. In evidence of the big-scale nature of the battle, said in Axis accounts to have begun Tuesday morning, the admiralty said that a force of Italo-German eight-inch and x-inch gun cruisers steamed Moscow Tells French People To Be Ready For Real Fight; Executions by Germans Mount LONDON.-(AP) -The French people were advised via the Moscow radio today to "prepare for armed struggle" because "the real fight is at hand," while reports from German-occupied Europe told of new acts of sabotage and new Nazi executions and reprisals. . Moscow dispatches quoted Roger Garreau, Fighting French representative in the Russian capital, as making the plea for preparation for "open insurrection." LONDON (AP) Nazi broadcasts repeated today threats of death as reprisal against Dutch hostages unless railway saboteurs in the occupied Netherlands surrendered by midnight tonight and fear was expressed by Netherlands government sources here that a "terrible slaughter" was impending. The Germans were said to hold 1,600 hostages. . Even as the deadline drew near there were new reports of continued sabotage. The Germans announced that four persons were arrested in an attempt to blow up a Nazi-controlled radio station. A Reuters dispatch from Stockholm said Gen. Fricdrich Christiansen, Nazi commander in The Netherlands, declared that explosives found on those arrested were of "foreign origin." He was quoted as threatening reprisal against n German Is Arrested As Phantom Barber; See Morale Attach PASCAGOULA, Miss. (UP) Police Chief A. W. Ezell claimed- today that "the phantom barber" who broke into at least 10 homes to cut the hair of the sleeping occupants, is William A. Dolan, 57, a German educated chemist. Dolan, Ezell announced, has been in jail for three weeks and is charged with attempted murder. His motivation, Ezell charged, was to impair the morale of war workers. Dolan was charged in connection with an assault on Terrell Heidelberg and his wife by "the phantom barber" the night of June 13. They were beaten with an iron pipe and were the only victims of the barber who suffered physical harm beyond losing their hair. up to fight but were turned away by British planes. The Axis cruiser never came within range of the British ships. Despite the furious attack, the Germans and Italians were unable to prevent ships of the convoy from reaching Malta and delivering their reinforcements and supplies, including a number of fighter planes, It was stated. Although the loss of the Eagle had been announced Wednesday, it was evident that the battle-its final tabulations still unavailablewas one of the most dramatic of the war and one of the firecest ever fought in the battle-scourged inland sea. There was no mention in the British admiralty communique of German -claims that the United States aircraft carrier Wasp, 14,700 tons, was hit by six aerial bombs, set ablaze, and sent "fleeing" toward Malta while forming part of the Allied convoy's protection. Carried 700 Men The cruiser Manchester, of the Newcastle class, laid down in 1937, was one of a class built to compete with Japan's Mogami (Continued on Page Two) Dutch hostages throughout the district. ' None of the Nazi broadcasts heard here specified the number of hostages whose lives would be forfeited if the saboteurs who wrecked a Netherlands train a week ago failed to surrender. An undisclosed number of German troops were killed in , the wreck. A Netherlands spokesman expressed the fear that the number of hostages condemned might be increased as a result of the latest attempt against the radio station, but added: "We at least see that the people are not broken in spirit." Czechs Slain Official Czech circles reported today the execution of 10 of their countrymen on various charges (Continued on Page Two) 01 W British Cruiser Sunk in Mediterranean Battle Loss of the cruiser Manchester, a 9,400-ton craft, during Mediterranean action, was admitted today by the British admiralty. The Manchester carried 700 men, a main battery of 12 six-inch guns and three airplanes. Reds Close Trap Around Nazi Motorized Force Which Broke Through Defenses Along Don Russians Continue Retreat in Caucasus; Hold Elsewhere MOSCOW. (UP) The Red army is closing a trap on German motorized infantry which pierced Soviet de fenses at the Don northwest of Stalingrad, and Russian fliers have broken up an enemy attempt to bolster wav ering .Nazi lines with airborne troops on the northwest front, official advices said today. MOSCOW. (AP) The Red army held stoutly on the approaches to. Stalingrad today and claimed impressive successes northwest of Moscow but the Soviet information bureau acknowledged that Russian troops in the Caucasus had fallen back before Nazi columns driving toward the Black sea port of Novoros-sisk and the Grozny oil fields. The bureau's noon communique reported that Russian artillery, pounding away at steadily-attacking German forces on the flanks of the Stalingrad front, had knocked out more than 100 enemy tanks, 35 armored cars and 350 trucks. All the enemy assaults were re pulsed with heavy losses, two com plete German companies being wiped out in one attack and 600 men being killed in another, the bulletin declared. Unofficial advices, however, reported later that the Germans actually had broken through and reached the Don below Kletskaya, 75 miles northeast of Stalingrad, only to be hurled back by a furious Russian counter-attack. Tanks Mopped Vp The futile break-through, these advices said, was accomplished by massing great numbers of tanks on a narrow sector. The Red army's counter-attack was said to have separated the tanks from the fol lowing foot troops, who were mopped up by Russian infantry. (The German controlled Paris radio reported that part of Stalin grad was in flames after intensive Nazi air attacks). Northwest of Moscow the Rus sians reported they had slain 3,- 000 Germans in two days of fierce fighting during which they cap tured an unidentified place which the Nazis had held for more than a year. Red Star, Soviet army organ, said the Germans had counterattacked 11 times in an unsuccess ful attempt to recapture the point, situated on the shore of a lake (perhaps Lake Ilmen). Two hundred miles southwest of the capital, in the Bryansk sec tor, dispatches from the front said, the Russians struck out with fresh forces, smashing into the Germans with tanks and infantry and forcing them to retire under a smoke- (Continued on Page Two) MM nwi t :11ft 3 son Report Germans Facing Crisis in Soviet Offensive NEW YORK (AP) The Stockholm paper Dagens Nyheter suggested today that a Russian offensive northwest of Moscow had confronted the Germans with a "crisis," the Swedish radio reported in a broadcast heard in New York by CBS. Only fragmentary reports on an offensive in that area have come from Moscow, but the Swedish broadcaster said, "the situation on the eastern front has now developed into a crisis for both the belligerents, the Dagens Ny heter s military correspondent writes today. "The critical factor for the Germans, the newspaper points out, lies in whether their forces are really sufficient both to annihilate the Russian armies in the Don elbow and for a decisive victory on the northern front. "In this respect the Russians' new offensive northwest of Moscow may prove to be of the most vital significance. "This offensive may force the Germans to adopt new and far-reaching measures, and it may thus influence the defense on the shores of the rivers Don and Kuban, and right up into the mountain regions of the Caucasus." RAF Bombers Resume .Activities in Africa After Dust Storms CAIRO (UP) British light bomber and fighter-bomber planes, resuming activities after dust storms, have sunk at least one enemy motor barge off the African coast and have attacked enemy vehicles and encampments in the Alamein battle area, a communique said today. British imperial patrols, in continued night harassing activities, have inflicted casualties on Axis patrols and working parties in the northern sector, it was said. British artillery shelled enemy troops in the central sector yesterday. 1 THE WEATHER For Davenport, Rock Island. Mollne and vicinity: acat tered showers to night and cooler tonight and Satur dav forenoon. For Iowa: Cooler tnntaht and fiuttir .day forenoon, scattered showers In east portion to-nieht. : For Illinois: Scat tered showers and thunderstorms to j night and Satur Cooler day forenoon; cool er northwest por tion tonight and north and central por tions Saturday forenoon. Temperature and Humidity Yesterday Today 1:30 7:30 7:30 p.m. p. m. a. m. Drv bulb 78 75 69 Wet hulb 64 66 61 Relative humidity .. 46 63 67 In Italian Warships, Hit by U. S. Fliers, Out for Long Time Extensive Damage Accomplished in Raid on Pylos CAIRO. (AP) Flier3 who took part in the American Air force bombing of three Italian cruisers at the Greek harbor of Pylos reported today that one of the ships, hit squarely with two 1,000- pound bombs, would be out of operation for a long time. A second cruiser was set afire and a third damaged in the 1,-300-mile round trip attack which put a big new dent in Premier Mussolini's battered navy. Taking off Tuesday afternoon from a secret airfield somewhere in the Middle East, four-motored B-24's of the 98th bombardment group under command of Col. Hugo Rush winged to the attack across the Mediterranean and over the southern tip of the Peloponnesus to the Ionian seacoast port. Four cruisers were moored in straight line in the long, narrow harbor. . The American planes swooped in, still retaining high altitude, moving diagonally across the tar get which was clearly visible in the light of the setting sun. Two planes crossed each cruis er, dropping tnousana-pouna ex plosives. The pilots said two direct hits on one cruiser were certain. Another was set ablaze either by a direct hit or a near miss, they reported. Bombs which fell alongside the third cruiser caused a terrific ex plosion as fragments apparently struck oil or munitions stores. The fourth cruiser apparently escaped damage. The only opposition the Ameri cans encountered was scant anti aircraft fire from the vessels. Mandalay Railway Put Out of Action By U. S. Bombers HEADQUARTERS, UNITED STATES ARMY AIR FORCE, NEW DELHI, India, Aug..: 13 (UP) United States army air corps heavy bombing planes have interrupted service on a 125-mile stretch of the vital Mandalay railroad and heavily bombed Japans three greatest bases m northern Burma in a two week offensive, a communique said to day. The big Japanese air base at Myitkyina, the terminus of the railroad extending from Manda lay into far northern Burma, was heavily attacked. A railroad bridge on the main line was destroyed in an attack south of Wuntho, 125 miles south of Myitkyina. Medium weight bombs struck square on the bridge and both spans fell into the river. Medium bombers likewise de stroyed a bridge on the railroad between Tausi and Pinbaw, near Mogaung, 20 miles south of Myitkyina. Warehouses and docks at Ka-tha, 100 miles south of Myitkyina, on toe Irrawaddy river and the railroad, were attacked also, and Lb iw Blast Ships to Halt J Reinforcement Americans Win First Phase of Solomon Battle Fighting May Go On for Weeks; Naval Encounters Loom LONDON. - (UP) - The Evening Star, in a dispatch from Sydney today, said that the "first stage" of the battle of the Solomons has ended in an American victory. "The first stage of the bat tle is over the Americans won it," the Star said. The dispatch added that the Solomons battle is hkely to continue for weeks, however, with a series of bitterly contested land engagements and a widespread naval battle which may include large fleet units on both sides, On the Credit Side 1 AUCKLAND, N. Z (UP) A weeks fierce fighting in the Solomon islands has brought American successes and the U. S. entries are on the credit side of the battle ledger, it was reported here today. Strict official secrecy continued to obscure the details of the Solo mons fighting but it was known here that the initial phases of the battle have gone In favor of the Americans. (The naval correspondent of the Yorkshire post reported that, "according to the latest intelligence," supporting naval forces have arrived and joined in sea operations in the Solomon area. American troops, he reported, have driven back the Japanese farther with the aid of reinforcements newly landed and air at tacks on Guadalcanal island are in progress.) It is understood here that the landing of the American ground forces was carried out strictly according: to the advance blueprint of the operation. It is not believed here that the Japanese naval forces in the Solomons were equal in size to those of the Allies. The main job of the American warships was understood to have been to lay down a covering barrage on Japanese positions as the Americans went ashore. Naval Actions Impend However, the Japanese were believed to be moving naval reinforcements into the region to challenge the American warships. Whether the American battle plan contemplated the possibility that the Japanese would gamble on depleting their naval strength in the Bismarck archipelago to reinforce the Solomons was not known. Nor was there any indication whether the American naval forces were strong enough to cope with large Japanese reinforcements. It was thought possible by some quarters that Vice-Admiral Robert Lee Ghormley, commander-in-chief of American forces in New Zealand, may have been "deliberately trailing his coat'' in order to entice large Japanese battle formations into combat. a direct attack was made on the enemy Mogaung base. The communique of army air corps headquarters said au rajas were carried out without the loss of a man or a plane. Auto Gives Fire Alarm FOREST CROME, Ore. (AP) Fred Benefiel was awakened by the loud, continued appeal of his auto horn. He dashed out to find the car afire. He saved four tires. apanese Most Valuable Airdrome Site in Region Is Captured OPTIMISM IS RISING Success Seen for Offensive Despite Lack of Authentic Details GEN. M'ARTIIUR'S HEAD QUARTERS, Australia. (UP) United States marines have captured Kukum, on Guadal canal island, most valuable airdrome site in the southern Solomons, and the Japanese seaplane base off Tulagi, it was believed today, Confidence, restrained pending a definite communique by the navy department at Wash ington, rose steadily in Australia that the marines now held firm and meant to keep their hold in the islands. This confidence was increased by new fantastic Japanese claims regarding Allied naval losses, which admittedly were expected to be heavy, because it was believed the Japanese were cushion ing their public opinion against news that the marines had consolidated their positions. : Reports to Gen. Douglas Mac Arthur's Southwest Pacific headquarters indicated that the marines were still driving inland in savage hand to hand fighting, on at least three key islands and that they might already hold two or more useful atolls in the VTulagi-Florida - Guadalcanal area. The United States and 'Allied fleet and air forces continued fighting a fierce battle on the eighth day of the Solomon Islands offensive, the first big United States offensive operation of the Pacific war. It was indicated that the fleet was driving off probably inferior enemy surface units and fighting back against a ferocious enemy aerial attack, with its hard-pressed naval planes. United States South Pacific na val headquarters reported that the first casualties of the Solo mon Islands battle had arrived at American base and field hospitals somewhere in the South Seas, to be attended by medical units of Johns Hopkins, Pennsylvania and Maryland universities and that more were on the way. Attack Jap Fleet Gen. MacArthur's communique No. 123, issued at noon today at headquarters, reported a ferocious attack on a Japanese reinforce ment fleet in New Guinea waters, evidently bound for the Southern Solomons. Boeing Flying Fortresses and medium bombers, believed to be Martin two-motored B-26s, fastest of thrlr class in the world, rivaling that of some fighters, attacked the fleet three times yesterday in force and thoush the weather interfered with observation of results, it was hoped thut a shattering if not fatal blow had been given to the enemy warships and transports steaming toward the battle lone. The first fleet of MacArthur's planes, Flying Fortresses, wer challenged by six Japanese Zero fighters and shot down two and damaged three. Medium bombers which made up the second f!t engaged seven Zeros and thrX down one. me third licet, re lieved to have been composed of both Fortresses and mediums, was not challenged. All Allied plar, returned safe to bare after having shot down at least three and damaging three of a force of 13 of Jdnan s best plants. It was believed that both Flyir Fortresses and mediums wr out (Continued oa Tags Twn

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