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BLYTHEVILLE COURIER NEWS VOL. L—NO. 148 BlytheviJle Courier BlytheviUe Daily Newi Mississippi Valky Leader BlytheviUe Herald BLYTHEVILLE, AEYANSAS, WEDNESDAY, SEPTEMBER 15, 1954 FOURTEEN PAGES Published Daily Except Sunday SINGLE COPY FIVE CENTS Petition Difficulties, Split on Proposals Slow Sewer Effort Alderman Asks Action But Mayor Wants to Hear Other Propositions Blytheville's sewer situation- looked just as grim as ever today following brief but sometimes Warm discussions at last night's City Council meeting which pointed up an impasse that threatens to delay installation of a new system indefinitely. Progress on getting new sewers to replace the city's sadly antiquated system seems currently bogged down on two points: 1) Difficulty in establishing the Southern improvement district .due to the number of property owners that must sign petitions to meet the valuation requirement, and \A/«%vlf Mj*Mmt*i 2) A sharp difference of op- VVnrK IfPnilPxT inion among city officials as to I I VI It IXVUUVJI whether to proceed with • Mehl- burger plan approved by the vot- ,ers in a special bond election May 18 or to continue hearing propositions involving cheaper systems. Over the latter hangs the ques- Council Rejects Out-of-Cify Road Aldermen Also Oppose Bid to Cut Gats in Fence at Schools A request that city equipment be sent to Mountain Home to surface a street linking .resort cabins owned by- BlytheviUe residents got a fast turndown from the City Council last night as did a request to cut a gate in the safe- Chickasawba Avenue. The owners of cabins in the Mountain Home resort area ,had asked Mayor E. R. Jackson to> send city street equipment there since, they said, no equipment was available in that area. They offered to pay for the work done. The Council, however, quickly came to the conclusion that such action would be setting a presed- ent that would be difficult to maintain, especially in the face of street work needed here. Alderman Jodie Nabors, chairman of the Council's Street Committee, also pointed out that a state license to haul would have to be obtained before the city's. trucks and equipment could be moved over state highways. The Council voted to reject the request but to make the services Woods tion of whether now that the ob- of City Engineer A. available 'if equipment were tained at Mountain Home. The request for a gate in th center of the safety fence erecte two years ago in front of th schools on Chickasawba was mad by Mrs. Harry Lewis, owner Ole Hickory Inn across the stree from Junior High School. Jaycees Oppose Plan She claimed the fence, -built t keep children from running int the street, was "penalizing" he business She added that she woul want the gate opened only durin football games at nearby Hale See COUNCIL on Page 5 1,900 Pounds Of Cotton Stolen From Trailer » Approximately 1,900 pounds o cotton were taken from a parked trailer on the Wesson Lewis farm south of Roseland Monday night according to Deputy Holland Aiken The trailer containing the cotton was left parked at the end of the field rows and sometime after midnight the trailer was hitched to vehicle and moved to another location for unloading, he said. Cleaned of cotton, the trailer wa; left near the Whistle Gin where it was found later. County officers are investigating Heavyweight TitSe Fight Postponed NEW YORK (to—The • Marciano-Charles heavyweight title fight was postponed 24 hours today because of weather conditions. The announcement was made by Jim Norris, president of the International Boxing Club, after a consultation with Robert Christenberry, chairman of the New York Athletic Commission, and the managers of the two fighters, i Weather ARKANSAS —Clear to partly cloudy this afternoon, tonight and Thursday with isolated thundershowers northwest; no important temperature changes. . MISSOURI—Partly cloudy north, mostly fair south this afternoon, tonight and Thursday; cooler southeast and east central this afternoon and southeast tonight. Minimum this morning—60. Maximum yesterday—96. Sunrise tomorrow—5:43. Sunset today—6:07. Mean temperature (midway between high and low—78. Precipitation last 24 hours to 7 a.m. today—none. Precipitation Jan. 1 to this date — 34.25. This Date Last Year Maximum yesterday—98. Minimum this morning—58. Precipitation January 1 to datt — 14.71. Mehlburger plan was approved by the voters — any other proposal .can,'be legally substituted. Many hold' that this cannot be done — at least without - holding another election — because the entire bond issue proposal passed by the voters is couched in terms of the Mehlburger plan. This division of thought on the matter was sharply outlined last night in an exchange between Third Ward Alderman E. M.'Terry and Mayor E. R. Jackson. Asks for' Action Mr. Terry launched the debate by asking the Council if "we are going to hire Mr. Mehlburger or keep letting other propositions come up?" Some two months ago Max Mehlburger, the Little Rock engineer who formulated the present sewer plan, proposed that the city hire him to proceed with seme of the preliminary work while the two improvement districts were being set up so as to lose a minimum of time in getting the project under way. The Council still has not acted on this offer. Mr. Terry recommended that the city hire Mr. Mehlburger, but Mayor Jackson said "we have no money to pay an engineer." "I'm not talking about money," Mr. Terry said, pointing out that he only felt it wise to get Mr. Mehlburger under contract so work could proceed. "I don't want to go into it that way," Mayor Jackson said. Mr. Terry: "Do you want to hire Irby Seay?" (Irby Seay, Memphis engineer and nephew of T. I. Seay of Bly- thcville, has appeared before the council on several occasions to propose what he says is a cheaper sewer plan.) Mayor Jackson: "No, sir. I just Want the best plan." At ..this point, Mr. Terry asked the mayor if he had talked to Mr. Seay, and Mayor Jackson said he had not. This brought the reply from Mr. Terry, "Seay must have had some encouragement to keep coming back" Wants Cost to Be Basis "Then we are going to decide this on the basis of the lowest cost?" Mr. Terry asked. Mayor Jackson: "Yes." Mr. Terry: "That's What I wanted to know." (Proponents of the Mehlburger See SEWER on Page 5 NEW SCOUT HUT — Scoutmaster Raymond Powers of Milligan Ridge is shown looking over the trophies in the new hut constructed by members of his Boy Scout Troop with the help of local citizens. The new structure will be dedicated with a North Mississippi County District mo- bilization and court of honor tomorrow night when hundreds of Scouts will be present. The activities will begin-with an inspection of the hut at 5. p.m. followed by supper. Dedication of the cabin is Scheduled for 7:30 p.m. followed by a court of honor. (Courier .News Photo) Administration Foresees Deficit Of $4.75 Billion This Fiscal Year WASHINGTON (AP) — The Eisenhower administration has boosted the deficit it foresees for this fiscal year, to nearly 4 3/4 billion dollars even while slashing a new 3 billion from major security programs. But it has upped planned outlays in a dozen civilian fields where they could be a spur Dulles Flies to Europe For Talks on Germany to production and employment. Benson Eases 1955 \ Crop Restrictions WASHINGTON (AP) — Secretary of Agriculture Benson today eased government restrictions on use of upwards of -40 million acres of crop land in 1955. Autry to Attend Education Meet Rep. L. H. Autry of Burdette was one of the three state legislators picked with State Education Commissioner Arch Ford to represent Arkansas at the legislative workshop in Houston this weekend. Other legislators picked by Gov. henry were John Bethell of Prairie Bounty and Knox Kinney of St. Francis County. The conference, to be held tomorrow, Friday and Saturday, is spon- The regulations apply to land diverted from such surplus crops as wheat, cotton, corn, peanuts and tobacco by government crop allotments. Under what had been called the strictest crop control program in history Benson several months ago issued orders seeking to limit these diverted acres tq non-cash crops such as grass, hay and the like. The idea was to prevent surpluses in other cash crops which are not in over supply now. But today the secretary told a news conference that farmers will be free to use the diverted acres to grow any crops they want except wheat, cotton, corn, peanuts, major types of tobacco, potatoes and commercial vegetables. This means that land taken out of cotton, wheat, corn, peanuts and tobacco can be used to grow such livestock feeds a's oats, rye, barley, and grain sorghums, and such other crops as soybeans, flaxseed, dry beans and the like. Benson saio this relaxation in controls was made for a number of reasons, including need for more" livestock feed in 'drought- areas of the South and Southwest. Another factor was recent action of congress in providing flexible farm price supports. Benson also announced that the price support rate for the 1955 wheat crop will be 82.5 per cent of parity, or a national farm average of $2.06 a bushel, under the flexible support scale. This year's crop is being supported at 90 per cent of parity or a national average of S2.24. sored by the Regional Commission. Education LITTLE PvOCK Iff) — Ed McCuistion, assistant state education commissioner for instructional services, yesterday called upon the Supreme Court to "remand its pending school cases back to the districts involved." McCuistion said that such action would "give us time to work this thing out with grass roots democracy and it will work out better than you think." The educator warned that an attempt to put an end to segregation "too fast" might force the south to "give up and start over again." "School districts should plan their programs on the basis of what both white and 'Negro patrons want," McCuistion said. McCuistion said he was "encouraged" by the display of co-operative planning he had seen during school meetings and civic clubs. He said he had talked with more than 3,000 persons during the past 90 days. "The co-operative attitude of Negro parents who honestly are seeking better education facailities for their children will gain more than all the court suits brought by loud rabblerousers who are trying to win a place in the sun for themselves or some political organization," he said. 1 speaking engagements at churches, .ened noticeably. Red China Coast Hit TAIPEH, Formosa W 5 )—Nationalist planes and warships attacked the Communist-held coast for the 13th day today, the Defense Ministry announced, but the tempo of hostilities around Quemoy slack- The annual revision of spending and income estimates for the current fiscal year, which began July 1, was made public last night, indicating these over-all changes: Total spending was reduced from the $65,600,000,000 planned when President Eisenhower submitted the fiscal 1955 budget to Congress last January to a new estimate of 64 billions. This compares with spending of 867,600,000,000 in the fiscal year which ended June 30. The estimate of net budget receipts was cut from S62,700,000,000 in January to $59,300,000,000. Principle factors contributing to reduction were congressional the tax cuts, bigger-than-expected refunds, and a sharp drop in corporation tax payments. Collections last fiscal year came to $64,600,000,000. Since the 53,400,000,,000 dip in expected revenues outweighted the $1,600,000,000 cut in spending, the administration's estimate of its probable deficit at the end of the fiscal year rose from $2,900,000,000 predicted in January to $4,700,000000. In fiscal -1954, red ink spending came to 3 billions. Cuts Sought However, Secretary of the Treasury Humphrey told a news conference the administration would try "every day, every week and every Rearmament Issue Brings Quick Trip WASHINGTON (AP) Secretary of State Dulles will fly to Europe tonight for talks on the German rearmament problem created by French rejection of the European Defense Community. He will visit Bonn and London but bypass Paris. The hurry-up trip will alter the Secretary's plans for a persona! report to the nation tonight at 8:45 p.m. EDT on the recently concluded eight-nation treaty to defend Southeast Asia against Communist aggression. The • addresses will go on as scheduled but it will go over the air from a recording. The State Department said Dulles and several aides will arri\e at Bonn, capital of West Germany, tomorrow for talks with Chancellor Adenauer. They will then fly to London, arriving Friday, for talsk with Prime Minister Churchill and Foreign Secretary Eden. Eden is presently on a tour of West European capitals on the German defense problem. Returns Saturday Dulles will return to Washington Saturday morning in time for finai preparations for attendance ,at the opening of the United Nations Gen- See DULLES on Page 5 Eden Faces Final Block To Plan PARIS Of) British Foreign Secretary Anthony Eden pushed on to Paris today to learn whether French Premier Pierre Mendes- France will accept Britain's new plan to enlist German troops in the defense of The veteran was scheduled Western Europe. British t diplomat to see Mendes- France almost immediately after his arrival this afternoon. Their meeting will spell success or failure for Eden's whirlwind tour to sell his substitute for the French- killed European' Defense Community. Quick Support Since his departure from London Saturday, Eden has won quick and hopeful support for his plan from the leaders of West Ger- month" to chop spending where it I many, Italy and the Benelux trio- would hurt neither defense nor the economy. And W. J. McNeil, assistant secretary of defense and chief fiscal officer of the Pentagon, told newsmen that despit the new reduction in defense spending industry would get about twice the volume of defense contracts this year that .t received last year. This action, by putting an increased flow of defense contracts in the pipeline, would tend to spur production and employment. Secretary Humphrey said, "we are seeking more defense for less money, rather than changing the state of. our defenses." Eisenhower's January forcasts o Congress for security outlays his year were revised along these ines: Total "major national security program" outlays — including di- ect military spending, military ivities and stockpiling of stratebic aid to Allies, atomic energy ac- materials — will be $41,900,000,000 his year instead of $44,860,000,00 programmed last January. The new estimate represented a $4,00,000,000 drop from last fiscal Sec BUDGET on Page 5 Belguim, the Netherlands and Luxembourg. France today remained the only question mark. As a replacement for EDC'c one- uniform, six-nation European Army, the British propose to link a rearmed West Germany and Italy to the Brussels mutual defense pact signed in 1948 by Britain, France and the three Benelux nations. The expanded alliance presumably would operate under the North Atlantic Treaty Organization, which has taken over the military phases of the Brussels pact. The big problem appeared CLOTHING CONTEST ENTRY — First entry was submitted yesterday in the National Cotton Picking Contest's clothing-from- cptton-bags event by Mrs. H. L. Halsell, Jr. The entry is in the mother-daughter division, which carries a first prize of $25. Modeling Mrs. Halsell's creations are her daughter, Judy, and Mrs. -• (Courier News Photo) Smyth Quits AEC; Cites U. S. A-Power DENVER (AP) — Dr. Henry D. Smyth resigned from the Atomic Energy Commission today and declared the United States' stockpile of hydrogen and atomic bombs as- ures free world retaliation of "overwhelming power" against any enemy attack. President Eisenhower "very reluctantly" accepted the resignation of Smythe, who cast the only dissenting vote last June when the commission refused to lift Dr. J. Robert Oppenheimer'S suspension reason for pride" and personal satisfaction. You have advanced the security of the nation; you have contributed to development of a new source of power of equal significance to the future of mankind. . " from access to secret atomic data, i Smyth was one oi the principal The slimmer White House an- scientists connected with early at- nounced Eisenhower is naming Wil- | om i c bomb research. He wrote an lard Frank Libby, 45-year-old Uni- j 1945 reporc detailing development versity of Chicago atomic scientist, to succeed Smyth on the AEC effective Sept. 30. In resigning, Smyth wrote Eisenhower: "I hope atomic weapons will con- of the A-bomb. He has called for world wide control of atomic weapons and for freer release of atomic information not connected with the bomb. Libby, picked by Eisenhower to tinue to act as deterrent to war! succeec : gnivth. is a professor of to be whether France — whose But if attack should come, the stock- j chemistry at the University of Chi- Parliament voted more than two | p ii e we have perpared would assure ca£ ;o and is associated with its In- years ago against admitting Germany into NATO — now would accept such an arrangement. Thin, Pale and III Americans Freed by Reds Reach Hong Kong By FRED HAMPSON HONG KONG (ft — Looking thin, pale and ill after 18 months in Communist Chinese captivity, two American correspondents and a ship captain from Brooklyn crossed into British Hong Kong today. One of the trio, National Broadcasting Co. correspondent Richard Applegate, 37, of Medford, Ore., told a news conference that after months of solitary confinement in a Canton jail and long hours of questioning, he had admitted the Americans waged germ warfare in Korea. "I thought they either would leave me in that prison until I rotted or that they would kill me," he said; The Reds released Applegate, International News Service correspondent Dontld Dixon, M, X New York, and merchant mariner Benjamin Krasner at the Lowu border bridge. A U. S. consulate car brought them the 40 miles to the Peninsula Hotel at Kowloon, on the mainland across from Hong Kong. Applegate gave .his account of his grilling about the alleged germ warfare in Korea, which he said began after the Reds found out he had been a war correspondent in Korea: The first time he was questioned, he got angry and shouted back, "That's a lie. There were no germs dropped in Korea." The Communist interrogator pounded the desk and yelled, "You lie! You lie! If you don't tell the truth, we'll kill you. Go back to your cell and think a while." After long Hours, Applegat* continued, he began to confess to the germ warfare but the Reds quickly challenged: "You lie. Your confession is different from the American fliers." "I could not confess what they wanted because I didn't know what they wanted, until they let a translation of Russian stories get into the cell. I knew then what they wanted to hear and I gave it to them. After that I started confessing to oelng in Chinese waters and everything else they asked. "I found out the Reds wanted me to lie so I lied plenty. I lied 17 pages of lies. They told me that even the wind from Hong Kong contained germs. I agreed." All three men smiled and then laughed almost hysterically as they stepped from the consulate car to b* greeted by Almost 70 reporter^ and cameramen. "Well, I see the newsmen make the news' today," Applegate shouted in his usual bantering manner. Applegate said at "the end of the news conference he believed the Communists had benefited the Chinese materially by halting graft, opium smoking and drug traffic "but all at the expense of the personal liberty of the people. "China is a police state — as far as I could see it was no different from a fascist dictatorship. Before this happened to me I was a reporter, and as a reporter I tried to stay neutral in the cold war between freedom and communism. "But I'm not neutral any more. I'm going to get into it. I'm going to fight that tyranny any waj I can from now on." 2-County Druggist Meet to Be Here this country and the free world the ; for Nuclear Studies. His capacity to answer with overwhelm- ; home is ,; n Chicago. He is a na- ing power." < tiv e of Grand Valley, Colo. Appointed by Truman recess appointment is Libby's Smyth, 55, tne oniy current mem- jsi.bjeci to Senate confirmation af- ber of the five-man AEC with a i ter Congress reconvenes in January. scientific background, has served! — since President Truman appointed j him May 31, 1949, to a term expiring Arkansas Pharmaceutical Associ- June 30 > ation's District 5, comprised of Mis- He plans to return to Princeton sissippi and Crittendea counties, will meet Sept. 23 at 7 p.m. at the Rustic Inn in BlytheviUe, according to Charles C. Sefers, Jr., of Blythe- viUe, district chairman. Several state and university officials will attend the meeting to lead panel discussions. Pharmacists, drug store owners, drug salesmen and their families will attend, Mr. Sefers said. Inside Today's Courier News . . , National League Pennant Race Gets Hotter as Giants, Brooklyn Win, Braves Lose . . . All County Grid Teams in Action This Week . . . Sports . . . Pa.ues 10 and 11 . . . . , Chian Kal Shiek is Discredited on Chinese Mainland . . . Last of a Series: Bamboo Curtain Report . . . Pagre 6 ... . . . Dewey's Last Stand? . . . Editorials . . . Pa*re 8 . . . . . , Southern Race Relations Authority Sees Accomplishment of Integration in South's Schools in Next Doten Years . . . Page 16 ... University, where he was chairman of the physics department and on the faculty from 1924 to 1949. Smyth's letter to the President! made no mention of his dissent in the case of Oppenheimer, who was Elected last week as vice president- Arkansas Council of Retail ^.t^^.^^.S 6 ^*^ I Merchants. O. E. .Knudsen. manager of Mead's Store here, today sent four AEC members. Nor did Smyth say anything about differences with Lewis L. Strauss, commission chairman. In a minority report on the Oppenheimer case, Smyth said he had no doubt about Oppenheimer's loyalty, a point on which the other members agreed with him. In July before the Senate-House Atomic Energy Committee, Smyth testified he felt there was an air of tension on the commission under Chairman Strauss. He joined other in opposing a move to give Sstrauss legal position as the AEC's "principal officer. The move lost and the members retain equal authority on policy matters. Landatory Note In accepting Smyth's resignation Eisenhower wrote him expressing "my warm regard and best wishes" and said: "I am sincerely grateful for all that you have done in the service of your government. "In that service you liav* «very out an appeal for members in th« BlytheviUe area. "Last weex," he pointed out. "the independent merchants of Arkansas joined with the Arkansas Chain kansas Council of Retail Merchants. "For 14 years, the chain stort council has been operating effectively to promote retail business in the state. '•Now, with the addition of 377 independent stores in the state, w* feel this organization is one of tht most important business group* in Arkansas. •' , "For instance, there ii * mort- ment afoot to raise Arkansas salM tax to three per cent. We feel this will hurt : re tail business over tht may stop it." Merchants council may interested In contact either Mr. Knudsen or Paul Pryor, J. C. Pto- ney manager.