The Courier-Journal from Louisville, Kentucky on September 26, 1897 · Page 28
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The Courier-Journal from Louisville, Kentucky · Page 28

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Sunday, September 26, 1897
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MOONSHINERS AT WORK. - r ... Kodak Pictures of an Illicit Still Near Hardin .; Springs Ky. THB OUTFIT GLEVBRLY CflPTURBD (Special Correspondence XTIDTS SPRINGS. KT, Sept tl. It 1 a matter of sur- prls that moonahlning will b attempted la these lata years, wnen Unci Bam baa hla thouaanda of eyes constantly on the lookout for Juat such Cama a mall party of oa had been t tha springs about a week, and wa had eeasionaUy taken our place among tha loungers at tha country store nd enjoyed tha spinning of yarna that were constant source of amusement. These yarns embrace many subjects, but nothing would compare to the pictures ue-ta of those relating- to the " 'Shiner-and bis bablta. I asked some of tha wise one to take ma to wher I could sea tha procese of mountain stilling, but they would suddenly become aa dumb aa oysters, and If I persisted In my request they would profeaa profound Ignorance aa to the present whereabouts of the local law-breakera This made my desire keener than ver, so after some confidential talka and a, little -salting" I managed to ret two of tha employee of the hotel to promise to find the nearest etill la operation and take me to It. t One of tha guides Informed me that tie had attended an -apple-peelln - tha Bight before and had overheard a conversation of some of thoee present, and be thought ha could find the place where ' there was a full outfit for making tha mountain dew. and that It was only two miles over tha bill. After a hurried breakfast or little party started, the outfit consisting of one thlrty-elgbt-eallber revolver and a kodak. The guides did not relish the Idea of a picture-taking machine, aa the 'Shiners would not allow their features to be transferred to anything that could likely be brought tip against them, ' should they ever become entangled la the meshes of the law. - . . We started out over a few rongn mils and rougher valleys, and after forty minutes of traveling we began climbing cUffa on one aide and sliding down them on the other. Only those who are o cumin ted with the characteristics of this fart of the country can appreciate what t Is to travel over these hills without a . trail. It took one hour and ten minutes of lively walking to get to the Place where we were to find those far-famed creatures of romance "the Kentucky Ehlrers" and find them actually producing the dear, sparkling mountain dew, that fiery substance which seems to have such a fascination for these people. ' The guides told m to wait m a shady pot. Juat at the entrance to a cornfield. vhlle be crept through the corn stalks to where be said there was a spring. Which was supposed to furnish the necessary water for the still. He returned In less than five menu tes with the Information that the still was not there, but said he could plainly smell the "beer working" the beer being the sour mash Beeessary to produce the alcohol. We soon begin to hunt by the sense .of smell, and soon arrived at a dense thicket of undergrowth, where the odor became to intense that we were convinced that the still was close at hand. Again one guide left us and crawled through the thicket, over fallen trees and under tushes, and In a moment waa out of sight, but not out of bearing, for almost before I realised that be was rone I " beard several voices above us. and then all waj quiet. I waited several minutes, when back came the guide with a pus-sled and frightened look on his face. Ha informed me that there waa a whole crowd up there and that he knew only cne of the party, and that one a man whom he did not think would engage In such a business. The guide had expected to find some well-known . "shiner" acquaintances, because he knew who was operating the place, and felt confident of a heany welcome, but to his surprise he bad walked right Into the midst of a rraun of sauattlng men. one of whom bad a revolver leveled at him. and commanded him to halt, which command be was not long In obeying. After sufficient explanations he returned to where I awaited him. He aald that they bad agreed, however, for me to come up and take a picture of the place, which convent . seemed to again puzzle him, as a "shin- ' er would rather run for a whole day than have bla photograph taken in such surroundings. We hurriedly climbed up the trail made by the guide, and when suddenly coming In view of the still and Its assembled company. I found myself looking Into the muszles or revera! old army pistols. I made a proper explanation, and the pistols were lowered and I waa made at ease. After chatting a few moments. X turned my attention to the surroundings. The first object noticed wss a large rat. constructed of rough lumber, which held about 300 gallons of sour mash, bubbling up as the result of a lively fermentation - going on In the liquor. At the side of this waa the homemade still, built of rough stones, so aa to support or rather Incase a copper retort, which would hold sixty gallons of the mash, the room being so built that the heat was forced up along the sides of the retort rather than on the bottom; a few feet to the right of tbla waa a cool spring, dammed up to form a pool, and on the other side of the spring and up against a ledge of rocks were several barrels and another vat. all full of the ;. "working beer" the entire supply being just about ready ror distillation. Towering over all tbla waa a cliff of bare rock, seventy-five or eighty feet high, forming a picture Impossible to describe. . but an ideal spot for auch concealment as this occupation required. 1 requested permission to take some pictures or the place for the Courier-Journal, which request waa readily agreed to. and I secured several anap sbota at the whole apparatus, except the " worm, used in distillation, but this waa : missing. When asked when they were ' going to begin work, they said they did ' not know. I lingered around for sev- oral minutes, the guide taking at Inter- 1 vals long draughts of the fermenting . beer In one of the large vats, using a hol-: low elder branch to get below the crust which had formed over the beer, thua showing bla familiarity with this pro cess of appeasing thirst at any of these unique resorts. As the guide wss the bote! cook, we decided to hurry back, so aa to allow him time to assist in get ting dinner, but our purpose was . checked by the assertion of a grim-looking Individual, who Informed me thai this waa now Government property. - and that we could not leave before the .arrival of the proper oflicial from Lou-Is v Ills, who was expected about noon. Tn mv utter surprise the still had lust been captured, and the men in charge mrxilv revenue officers. I mentioned having gone, the day be fore, to an immense enetving rocs 10 get a picture of it. and one of the party asked me bow far I thought I was from lr Considering the routes taken. I guessed about three miles, when my host '"" escorted me around a ledge of rock and pointed to a great mase of rock Just , across a small valley and almost within rifle shot 1 had gone there by the usual roads, instead of cutting across the hills. I waa informed that he had seen me there, and that be watched until I. Hft, shortly after returning ti the still heard men talking and climbing In the direction I had original ly come, and there appeared i imirr Ignited States Marshal, th rvnuiv Collector from Louisville- and seven others, all coming with their re of th Courier-Journal.) volvers cocked, until they rot m fun lew of us. Then there wss a mutual recognition, aa both parties were Government ' officers, notwithstanding my belief that I was associating with sure-enough moonshiners. The grim-looking individual wno naa given me such a pressing Invitation to stay. . was Deputy ? uniieo sum Marshal Jerome ShrewatMiry. wno probably captured, more . stills than any other man" In this State. .He had arrived at the scene of operations the morning before, and with two companions bad watcnea in nooo. shiners at work all day. He had been there twenty-four hours, and his food consisted of a few tomatoes gathered from a neighborinr field. His com panions left for re-enforcements and to notify the Collector by telegraph. But the "shiners" bad evidently rotten wind of th contemplated raid and d.d not return the following morning, which left everything in the bands of the Marshal. Report bad reached Leitchfleld that a battle had occurred with the mountain eers, and this accounted for the presence of so many In the second party among whom were Judge J. W. Shrewsbury, County Attorney Z. T. Proctor. 8. R Sands and Cha. Harvey, all of Leltca-fleld. and Mr. Dave May. the Deputy Collector from Louisville, besides several from rear-by points. The destroying of the still with its six hundred gallon a of beer wss the work of a few minutes, a fence rail being used as a battering ram to break the vats to pieces, while the barrels were turned over and the beer went gushsng down the ravine, where a few moments before was simply the bed of a little spring. This destruction did not occur, however, until those of the-party who desired it- Marshals Included bad appeased their thirst,. mountalneer-Uke, out of the brew ing liquor. Id one of the "ipest" . vats. The vats and barrels were then piled one upon the other and the torch ap plied, the still first being chopped to pieces with an ax and added to the heap, and what was a few minutes before a complete establishment for distilling was now a pile or ashes and a tump or perforated copper. J. W. JEFFERSON. ; A Nsw Vlasd. . , 4 "Bird la the bush" Is a new vfctad on American menus. A small hole Is made in the end of a watermelon and the core i ! MISS EDITH CWhe has gone to Chlcage to eultlvate an'escssdlagly sweet aopraao voice, has long bwi a member of the Portland Methodist church choir, where her stngtns has at tracted much favorable comment. Miss Mary duvu. ner musie urmenrr, DBuwvra there Is a future for her and advised her to go where she could get the benefit of instruction from well-known professors. Miss Watts Is a handsome brunette. She 1 a sister of Messrs. W. W. and Joha R Watts.) - scooped out. The Ulterior Is filled with breasts of chickens, leg meat of squaos. Chinese mushrooms snd sprouts. .Then the watermelon is sealed up and boueo tor two hours. All the Juices are retained. and when served the melon Is plugged In the top. - . ...... A DOCTOR CHASED f BY A REAL GHOST. (Written for the Courier-Journal.) N one of the counties of Virginia below Richmond on the James river there lived a physician,. Dr. Blank, A I man of finished education. leader In the community tn which he lived, not only a leader in his profession, but In all the walks of life. A scientist and a man wlhtout the least shadow of superstition In his mental make-up. He believed that this world Is governed ty well established and unchangeable laws, that no such things as ghosts, or spooks, ever had an existence. He had no patience with so-called spiritualism or things of that sort. But on one occasion bis disbelief In the supernatural waa badly shaken, and the fright be received caused him a spell of serious Illness and turned his hair gray. His practice aa physician frequently called him to the country, and he had many lonely tides, sometimes in fine weather and by th light of ths moon, frequently through th darkness, over miry roads with snow or sleet beating In his face. He never hesitated to go to the relief of a sick person when called upon, no matter what time of night, or no matter what the condition of the weather. He was never alone, as he was a man of learning and could make a companion of his own thoughta One afternoon in the balmy springtime he was sent for to see a alck child about five miles rrom . where he lived. He went, as was his habit, and after seeing and prescribing for the sick one started homeward on horseback about 10 o'clock: The road was down the bank of James river and was thoroughly familiar to blm and to his horse. - He rode calmly along, communing with himself, but noticed evidences of a gathering storm. He urged his willing horse to a quicker gait, hoping to find shelter in a farm house which he knew of some distance off.' The storm gathered rapidly, so much so us to preclude the possibility of his reaching the shelter he bad in. view. Remembering a dilapidated and abandoned church, with the usual graveyard so common in Virginia, situated some few hundred yards down a lonely lane, he concluded to make for it and shelter himself and horse there until the storm was over. He reached the old church just as the storm broke in its fury one of those vernal equinoctial storms, with the usual aocom parliament of lightning and loud peals of thurder. He sheltered his horse In the vestibule of the abandoned church and walked Into the main edifice. Many of the pewa bad been removed at one time or anotber. perhaps by vandals or maybe tramps, for firewood. Th Interior of TOE CQUTtlFR-JOiniNAL, LOTTSTILLE. SUXPAY MOTINING, SEPTEMBER 20, 1897 - r ' ' : ' I ..... -, ; . ' . I ... -', fr h x- . . WITH THE) PASSAGE TJP THE RAvTWH-' THE WORK OF the building waa in a general state of dilapidation, and not exactly a comforting place of abetter on a stormy night for one entirely alone. But Dr. Blank, being a sensible man. looked at the situation In a matter-of-fact way. It waa storming without, and within the build, lng waa shelter. He did not care for the darkness, reuevea oniy oy n"" of lightning, nor tor tne moss-growa ALLEN V ATTS ? ' ' gravestones surrounding - the. building. By some strange freak of the mind he concluded to walk to the rear of the church and take his seat behind the put- j pit. He found bis way by the light of an almost continuous flash of lightning, and settled himself corafortaby on the seat where many a divine had sat years before be was born. He sat quietly. In th loneliness, without a shadow of timidity, for. as previously said, he waa a man of good sense, and viewed the situation as he would have viewed it in broad day light. He was simply caught In a etorm and that place waa a abetter. While sitting there be pictured In his mind the time when the good old minister sat where be was then sitting, the pews well filled with devout worshipers, the hymns they sang, the prayers that were offered, and redacted that ail, or nearly all. of them were sleeping their last sleep out In the churchyard under mounds which the rain was then watering. He had no ahadow of fear In all his cogitations, was simply considering philosophically the conditions of human life In all Its stages from the cradle to th grave, and waiting until he could mount his horse and proceed homeward. Suddenly he saw, or thought he saw. at the end of one of the aisles near the door a moving figure in white the form of a woman with but one garment on- her disheveled hair hanging down her back. He was startled, but maintained bla composure and awaited developments. By the flashes of lightning he could see the figure feeling Its way up th aisle toward him noiselessly. He sat still, but the perspiration began to gather, and be could not belp but recall all the ghost stories he bad heard In bis childhood. The lightening flashed and the thunder seemed to shake the old building to Ita foundations. The figure continued to advanoi. and bad. evidently, discovered the doctor sittlrg In the pulpit. Hi teeth began to chatter be waa unmistakably frightened. He moved not a peg until be saw by the light of a flash of .lightoing .the figure with wan and drawn features, 'long and bony bands, with skinny arm outstretched.' at the foot of the steps leading- to where be was anting, seemingly ready for a spring at him. He hesitated no longer All bis theories ' concerning ghosts vanished. Here he was in a deserted and dismantled church at almost midnight's hour, surrounded by hundreds of graves, a Wal Purgis night without, and a sure-enough ghost ready to' embrace him, -He darted down the. opposite steps from the side where the figure waa He ran down tbe aisle, and looking back when near tbe door aaw the figure running after him, and rot far behind. He did not stop to unhitch, his horse and mount him, but ran with-a speed quickened by fear down the lane to. the public road, hoping to reach. tb? home of a farmer who. be knew, lived 'some half-mile off. He occasionally looked, back and tbe flsrure In white was close upon him. He reached the farm-house.- whre a light was burning, ard. without stopping to knock, to gain admittance, be threw bis weight against tbe door and burst It open, falling exhausted on the floor. The farmer and his wife were sitting quietly reading at a table, and in bursting Into the room the doctor knocked the table over and put out the light. The old man and his wife were .of course. tartld. On recovering himself snd procuring a Uffht old maa said: "Why. Hi ir. A KODAK IN A MOONSHINE CAMP. v " : DESTRUCTION. FIRST GLIMPSES OF ,V"; Blank! What on earth la the matter?" The doctor could. only say: "Where Is K? Where is It?" , f . ' : "Where la what?" the man asked la amasement, ' ' "Why the ghost which was after me." he replied. . J - . . The man and his wife concluded the doctor had lost his mind, and used every effort to quiet him.- He. however, persisted, and told them his story of the white figure In tha old church and its pursuit of him. ' . In order to quiet the doctor and pacify him until they could send for bis friends to take blm In charge, they pretended to Institute a search for the "ghost." They looked under th table, they looked, or pretended to look, everywhere, but on movirg a sofa they were startled to fird a female clothed only In her night robe, without shoes or stockings, crouched down aa badly frightened as any one tn toe room. She waa recognised as an Inmatte of the lunatic asylum, sent there some years before, the daughter of a man tn th neighborhood where all this occurred, a boneless, raving maniac, who had made ner escape and Instinctively made her way back to-the home of her childhood. She. like the doctor, had been caught In tha storm, and -though a lunatic bad "sens enough left to go In out of the rain." and had sought shelter la the old church. It la needless to say this waa an actual occurrence. . - , r B. - PURCHASE OF PALESTINE..' ' 7- Th Qnaatlow of the ftatarst of ths) Jewo ti Their Proml-enl l.and. Th Jewish congress at Basel, convene by Dr. Herat of Vienna, hsa aroused a deeper feeling than on of mere curioaltx It Is not altogether a dream that a a part of the final solution of the Easter question Palestine -might find Itself neutral state, guaranteed by the European Power. While In the hearts and heads of cultivated Englishmen the question of tbe return of the Jews to their promised land has always exercised - a strong facin-Uon, although as a matter of practical politic any realisation . of the. dream has seemed to tbe outsider to be In the far distance. Dr. Herxl's plan of direct purchase from the Sultan has tha flavor at tbe Stock Exehanga, and presents many S-av UmculUes. of which erhp tb ast I th raising of soma hundred mutton dollars for this purpose. It Is curious to remember bow the greater aid of this movement was foreabadowea by the genius of George Eliot, who. hi "Daniel De-rondn." prophesies through the mouth of MoniecaJ the coming of a new- Jewish polity grand, simple. Just, like the ol, and the dawn of a day when the outraged Jew snail have an equal defense lnth world of nation with th outraged Eng- ?i:rhman or American. This great wriur s orecaata have ere now been verified In after history,, though In this case the fulfillment may not b the scheme adopted by th Basel congress. SS S j-ss ' a U Jf aw 1111 J I fL.'S, --.V 'yxxxi' s wa Mti sl i r i . 1 s s - miviwoK ZJz i -C2U't VW.OUTY A.o u,L vS : 7 . g I 1 r"' 1 7T 1. '3w-V-. sr- as . sw wm m M s.' i s r v a "w 'j .7 ew 1 tHB WORK OF THE UNITED STATES WEATHER BURKAU IN DETECTING THE APPROACH OP CTCLONES. THE STILL. -THE -REVENUES" IN CRAROS. AN ARMLESS EDITOR ; WHO WRITES WELL. .Hi T'T. PLEAS ANT.TegFepL TX. Th ffl only, armless editor In the world X I presides over the destinies of the Times Review, published at this place "Fate tried to .conceal him by naming him Smith. but bis brilliant talents aa a lawyer and editor would have rescued him' from ' obsucrlty even though his Strang lack of prebenslv apparatus bad failed to bring blm Into publlo notice, for he Is a man among men. prominent factor In th political life of bis section, a scholar of no mean attain ment, and. with bis to, h wields trenchant pen. Katur -' mad amends for ' sending Aaron Smith Into th world armless by endowing him with high ambition, unfailing patience and a clear brain, and. with the qualification a capital stock, be has Improved bla opportunities for self-culture until b I to-day on of th moat highly respeeted ard influential citizens of Titus conuty. happily etab Usbad la a comfortable . bom. , with cultivated wife and sweet little daugh ter, and surrounded by hosts of friends. - He Is twenty-nine year of age, and was the second of ten children. His father was a farmer In Miller county Ark-. In which county Aaron waa born. He haa bad score of offer of btg salaries from museums and show to travel as the "Armless Wonder. but su b noto riety la moat distasteful to blm. and h haa followed a very ainerent course. Owin to Doverty. be was compelled to give up bis dreams of a college course after having nnisnea nis nigo. kuwh education, but he continued to apply himself, diligently to his studies after oomrjletlna- the high school course, and by tbe aid of private instruction Wa able t considerably broaden bis cur riculum," s - i " " -- He moved to Cass county. Tex when quite young, snd subsequently located in Mount Pleasant. He studied law and was admitted to th bat In the aprtng of 1889. when-Just twenty years of age. He hung out hia shingle (with his feet), and It was not long until be found himself established in a lucrative practice. He atuck to th law until 1883 and mad a good record, developing a strong talent for Jury arguments, the very class of work In which his friends had nmnhMled failure. He Is a strong Democrat, and was the nomine of his party for County Judge In 189. In th faU of 1893 Mr. Smith purchased the Mount Pleasant Times Review, and he . has since conducted tna journal who CYC VOW -u - a e.Sia k II HIMI Ull Vti.TT AL0NS TSACK. I ' - sasssatassBassaaBaaB- marked success. Under his editorial management it has become one of the best weekly papers In Texss. and Mr. Smith's editorials. Indited with his toes. or with the pen held In his teeth, or printed on the typewriter with a stick held In a similar manner, sre widely quoted for their terse, epigrammatic style, their rich humor and their apt presentation of his views on subjects of current Interest. He hss s ready and graceful a style as a writer, as he bas as a speaker, and he Is almost invariably on the right aide of a ques tion. His ability, fairness and fearless ness have made . him popular as a Journalist. He runs tbe business end of the Times Review, as well as tbe edi torial department, and his wife helps him when not employed with her work as teacher of art In the Mount Pleasant schools. She Is very much a lady, and the two are a very devoted pair. lira Smith Is Justly Droud of tbe suc cess of her husband, and thousn sh claims no credit for it, be unhesitstlng- ly says thst to her encouragement and the Influence of his mother he owes sll of the success thst he has had. Mr and Mrs. 8mith were sweethearts In childhood, and are lovers stilt How does Mr. Smith manage to do all these wonderful things? He just doe them In the wsy thst to him seems most nstural. Never having known th use of arms and hands, be adapted himself to conditions ss he found them, and when quite a tittle fellow learned to us his feet for hands. When he was a lit tle fellow people for miles around went to the Smith home to see tbe wonderful baby that could feed Itself with Its feet. As he grew older be played game with the other boys, with all the unbridled en-thuslssm of youth. He played ball. marbles, croquet, etc "with the beat of them. He is still lover of out-door sport. He can play the guitar and piano very well with his toes, and might have been an accomplished muslclsn had It not been for h sverslon to making an exhibition of himself. . IcnrWlS iiUuf ar .vy. On all ths new ships of the navy th American shield has displayed as a figurehead the designs carried on the older ve els. This Is carved out of solid brass. vltb th stars and stripes and the shield proper fitted close around the slender bow, while scrollwork extends backward on -ither side for a distance of four or five feet- The New York, the Minneapolis and tbe Philadelphia have possibly the most -labors te designs, some having coat K-9 or ia.000 each. ' Th maMeat ewpanr. '"" Th smallest newspaper In th world Is published at Guadalay. Mexico, It Is II Telegram o. and bears aa its motto "Much Meat, but UtUs Froth." It is by 2ft inches. . . . - -' IViii -Uie anitoL. Th State Capitol of Tesa Is th largest Stat building In the United SUte and th seventh la sis among lb buildings of th ONLY ARMLESS EDITOR IN THE VORLD. (AARON SMITH. THE EDITOR OF A TEXAS PAPERJ world. It la a vast Greek cross f red Texas granite, with a central rotunda covered by a. dome 111 feet high. It wa begun In 18S4 and finished tn ISSS. having coat about 13,500.000. It wss paid for with i.000.600 acre of public land, deeded to th capital lata who executed tbe work. . er STO-V TrVACrW 9S ,7 fT in nioote. uTrft&fS aroan KUi" VCLJClTT Ai-0WCt jtto nae$ JVv,WV QUEEN OF AUTUMN A BAD MONTH October Has a Big Record As a Season Disastrous storms. HO VST 2S. ' QTORM IS FOUND AND FOLLOWED, CWrttten for th OST of trs ar accustomed to look for good weather In September and October. If at no other time of th year, ; Tet It w a raci tnsu "jcwiwr I pre-eminently the month of storms, and that the period beginning wKh th middl of September and ending with November frequently records more toss and damage by weather - disturbance than any other portion of the year. Th bad prominent which October haa achieved In tbe record of th Weather Bureau, la spit of th fac that very often four-fifth of It day ar fair. I chiefly du to on "kind of tortn. which bas com to b known as th West India cyclone. - Persona who scoff at th -guess work of Unci. Sam s meteorological department would do well to look up It record In th matter of the tropical hurricane, Am a matter of fact, the Weather Bureau 1 correct la nearly SS per cent. of ita prediction, year In and year out, but at present we will oonaider only what It haa accomplished In dealing with this particular kind of storm. Aa far back aa civilised man ha sailed along th Atlantic coast certain thing have been known about th West India humous . It : wa known that they usuaJiy swept th seaboard of the Atlantic or th Gulf of Mexico, though they sometime extended far inland. It waa known that they traveled very rapidly and were an especial menace to seamen, both because of their unexpected appearance when vessels were not prepared for them and beoaus of the high and unsteady wind ' which were their chief characteristic. When they traveled Inland they aiso caused much injury to crop by th xeeaatve downpour which usually accompanied them. -. Thl waa about th extent of th knowledge on this subject down to th establishment of the Weather Bureau, and It was scarcely to be reckoned practical v Information, for mariner and farmer knew.no better than before when to expect them, and th gulf, and th ocean btache continued to be strewn with wreck caused by the ft fierce galea. A single storm sometime wrecked half . a doaen sailing vessels and damaged many more to the extent of thousands of dollars. From their very nature their greatest injury was don to shipping. Th first thing don by the weather bu reau wa to make a record of each rf the storms, from their own report when it wa on land, and from those -f sail.ng masters when It wa at sea. from these records the general course of the storm, with Its rate of progress and win-I velocity, was plotted on a chart and kept for reference. Then th meteorological experts began to study tha origin and nature of this serial monster until to day- tta birthplace and habit are perfectly known, and Ita probable cours can be mapped out In advance. This In formation may be briefly summarized: . Tbe West India cyclone originates In th Caribbean Pea about latitude 19 de grees. In what M known an the northern belt of equatorial calm. This la a region where evaporation takes place very ran. Idly, and where there are therefore con. stantly ascending columns of moist air. The place of tbla air la taken by the colder and denser air. which rushes In from all sides to fill the vacancy. The result is a whirling m- tion of tbe stmos- phere n em Dry o cyclone. Most of tbe aerial whirligigs die In being bom. but occasionally on grows and Is carried along by th easterly winds prevailing In thia section aa an eddy la carried fn the aurfac of a liver, growing In six and velocity until it .emerges Into th Gulf of Mexico a full-fledged hurricane From tbla point the storm grows rap idly In power, and Ita diameter Increases from a few miles until It Is sometime 600 or even 1.000 miles In extent. It de. structtve power rorres, not from its- for-. ward movement, rut from the sryrstory motion 01 its winds, wnicn revolve st a rate of from thirty to sixty miles an hour around a center that Is theoretic ally perfectly calm. Th mrtlon of these winds is siways negstive. thst is. oppo site to thst of tbe rands of a clock. The knowledge of this fact slone Is of great value to sslllng car-tains, ss they can tell from observing the direction of the wind In encountering a hurricane what part of the storm area they are In and how to handle their ships in the rapidly clanging wind conditions which they will meet. To the Inexperienced person It might seem thst th center of th storm was Its ssrest spot, but In reality It is the most dangerous, for tbe winds coming from sll directions cause heavy and very unsteady seaa and a shin. speedily necomes unmanageable under their buffeting. From the gulf th cyclone will follow the path of least resistance. Thia may take It along the gulf coast and up th Mississippi vslley, where It Is likely to rspidly expand snd to lose some of Ita power. More frequently, however, it In delected to the east and travels up the Atlantic coast, with its center a little way out at sea. It tray lesve the coast off Cspe Hstterss and start on a trans- A fan tic voyage, or It tray travel north to New England or even to Newfound land before turning esst Its forwsrd motion graduslly Increases as It moves along, and It la ususlly not more than two daya In sweeping th whole eastern coast of the country. The method of tracking snd keeping watch, of the storms, so that marlnst StCTHN 4 ol Courier - Journal.) and all others msy be wsmed of their approach, hat been reduced to a yt-m. said Sergl. Kllas B. Dunn, of the Nr , York Weather Bureau, in explaining th bearing of tbe foregoing fact. .' a completely systematise as the metn-ods of tbe police in tracking fugltiv from Justice, with the ddiUon that thl otiminal can wot hide bis Identity, and so it is Impossible for him to escspe us. Knowing where the storms "' "' men have been stationed on some of th inlands, among which they form. nd they report to us aa moon they DM thai a aiorm la collecting. Thee storms are usually revera I days In gathering, so thst we have ample Urn to learn about U. W can tell from our dally maps whether-tbe condltlone are favorable to the progress of a storm along our own coast. For Instance, you see," pointing to the dsily chart which hsd Jusl been made up fiom tbe telegraphic reports o sll the weather sstlons. -to-dsy there to no high pressure sre along th southern pari of the country, and If a cyclon should put in an appearance now ther would be no bar to Its progress, As soon-ss th storm appears off Key . West, or wherever it may strike our . enaau all the ststlon slong It prob4 , path sre kept constantly informed of Its . progress. Thl Information is st one msde up snd sent out. snd reaches every sea captain along the Atlantic coast at least twenty-four hour before the Morns arrives. The captain can either lie to and wait for the storm to pars by., or. If he mutt put to sea, be can go prepared. "Am the storm come nearer we ar kept informed . almost hourly of Ita nroa-ress. and our own Instruments begin . to tell us whether we are well In ita track or not. In th middle latitude 1 where the storm recurves, and when we fird how great thia recurve Is w can tell almost to a certainty wnai it future cours will be. If the cyclon leave the coast, off Hatteraa. say, w at one send out that Information., and vessels will b able to put to sea anow. ng where tbe storm Is and how to avoio "If the storm continue In Its north-ward course we announce thai fact, and as a final precaution to the hundreds of vessels in or near tne naroor or oreaier New York, we send out the danger si rals by means of a flash-light lantern from our tower hundreds of feet sbov th harbor. The 12.000 cnnJI power cf this lantern throws a light that can b seen thirty or forty miles awsy. and we have found it very useful In warning mariners of th rapid approach of a storm when tltey can not b reached In any other way. Tne anart or ugni snos out from the lantern carries its message to every sailor on or near the coast, and may have been tn means 01. savins; mary live. I can safely say that It la-Impossible for on of the storm to take u by surprise now. Every on-that haa occurred In recent ye.tr has . been faithfully annourced well, In ao- vance of Its arrival. By the way. said Mr. Dunn, laughingly, "it's a 'ct that-most- people don't appreciate, but It'a true nevertheless, thst It's harder to sy To-morrw will be fair.' and be sure of It, than It la to foretell a storm. For th latter performance w ar often praised, but the former, which Is really more difficult. Is taken altogether aa a matter cf course. There may be something r that - for a philosopher, or it may oe it- to th fact that people don't look at thl thing th way we do. f don t know which." One curious fact about west Indls cy clone brought out by th records of th . Westber Bureau Is tbst they occur later In lb year than formerly. At on tlm they were mnt frequent In August, later it waa September, and now October bring th greatest number. Thia ror-ward movement will appear from th following table for th past decade: 188S-9Q ian-M Jun 6 1 July .................. ............... Augut - ' , ' J BViember ......................... -1 - - - a October ......1 - U As tbe nractlcal value of this on phase of the work of the Weather- Bureau represented by the saving of ship, goods, crops and men. It Is imposslbl to form an estimate in dollars and cenis. When I asked Mr. Dunn about it n aald: 1 can only say that It must b considersMe. how great is Imposslbl to tell for tbe reason that where a ship la saved by stsying tn hsrbor In obedlenc to our wsrnlng we csn not ciaim in credit for her escape, and when a farmer rescues b'.m crops by knowing In advance of the approach of a storm he-is apt to think It due to his own wisdom rather than tbe advice of the Weather -Dure a. -It Is sn undenistle fsct that fewer ships and fewer lives sre lost at s now than when w first began our work. Part -of this saving ta perhaps due to the better construction of vessels, part to the efficiency of the life-savinr service, and part 1 venture to believe.' to tbe work, of lb Weaiber Bureatt." ' - ' ROBERT EARIk . - : .. LOVa. ' ;:- (Jean Ingelow.) ' I leaned out of window. I smelt th whit - clover. ' - Dark, dark wa th garden 1 saw not the gate - ' "Now. if there be footstep, he corns, say own lover Hush, nigh ilr gale, hush! O sweet Bight -- legale, wail TiM I tut-n and hear If a step drawrlh srar: : For any love be is iatel : Th skies In th darknea stoop aearsr ' and nearer. A cluster of stars hangs Ilk fruit la th Th fall of th water coma sweeter, 00 qa clearer; ' ' To whst art thou listening, and what dost tbou seeT Let the star cluster grow.: . lel the sweet waters Row. .. And cross quickly to anal ; - ' Tou n'ght moth thst hover where honey brims over From sycamore blossoms, or settle, or sleep; ' Tou glow worms, ahln ut and th pain. way discover . To him that come darkling along th rough sleep! , Ah. any sailor, make hast. For the t'tne runs to waste, I f ' And my love lieih deep . ; "Too deep for awl ft telling; and yet, my one lover," - - I've conned the an answer I It avail the to-night. By the syeamore passed be, and through the white clover w Then all the aweet speech 1 had fast. ' loned took flight; . ' But I'll love him more, mora Than e'er wife loved before, Be tbe daya dark or bright. : ... . .. . 11 . - Tn thump-.: Indnatry Hnolns r (The 4 anomlste Francais.) ' In 1S36-7 the champagne l;sl.-kt exported more than &.OUO.W0 bottle of w.n. France's best customer in llt.s Inoustr as England. Our exporters And in th U wl-ed Kingdom aa excelleot market. I. UM and In the first months of faC the exports, for th a market fell off soruewhat, i.k all the other, but In the sveoud hatt of ISS the tucneaa became more active and the d.mlnut on of our importations .n Unglaad. which was 44.UU0 doser.s of bottles fur th ftrst six months of b&, waa more than made up in the second aix montha Tb American market does not come sp to -pectat'or.a. and champagne wines have suffered from the eflecl of th recent commercial vtagoattoa in that country. Th evportations to Belg urn, Germany and Russia have tncreasrd n the same proport on as those to England. Our ex- -portations to Helglum amount annually to about. uU.OUO bottle. , Th Ulfta at Lava. "Do you reel the spell of my presence? He wrote his absent she: And sh answered: "Yes, my darling. Whan you syU Uat with at' i 1 1 - sajs'

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