The Daily Times from Davenport, Iowa on April 29, 1946 · 3
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The Daily Times from Davenport, Iowa · 3

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Davenport, Iowa
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Monday, April 29, 1946
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3
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THE DAILY TIMES. MONDAY, APRIL 29, 1946 PAGE THREE THE DAILY TIMES BY THE TIMES COMPANY E. P. ADLER. Publisher It. J. LEYSEN. Managing Editor Member of the Let Newspaper Syndicate Entered at the Postoffice In Davenport Iowa, as Second Class Matter Advertising Representative! ANN & KELLEY. INC. Chicago. New York. Detroit. San Francisco, Atlanta Full Leased Wire Service of the Associated Press and the United Press Member American Newspaper Publishers' Association The Associated Press Is exclusively entitled to the use for republication of all dispatches credited to It or net otherwise credited In this paper and also the local news published therein All rights of republication of special dispatches herein are also reserved FAILING OUR BEST FRIEND Uruguay is in grave danger of becoming the Czechoslovakia of South America, a victim of the same sort of appeasement which opened the way for the Nazi march through southeastern Europe. Flushed with his victory despite U. S. opposition, Juan Peron is now cracking down on his neighbor as a penalty for having been the most steadfast supporter of democracy and our policies in Latin America. His refusal to sell Uruguay any wheat and his threat to impose restrictions on the free movement of nationals and commerce across the Rio de la Plata, which separates the two countries by a few miles of water, has already created a governmental crisis in Montevideo. Two ministers have already resigned and the resignation of the foreign minister, who was the only Latin American official to take a position identical to that of the U. S. state department on Argentina, is now being demanded by Laboritas, the official organ of the Peron party. Argentina has not only refused to sell badly needed wheat to Uruguay but in making that announcement broadly hinted that it would be willing to discuss such shipments only with Luis Alberta de Herrera, leader of the Nationalist party, an outspoken enemy of the United States and champion of Hitler throughout the war. It was he who declared publicly on the day after Pearl Harbor, "Who cares whether the yellow race or the blondes to the north win?" Following closely the Hitlerian technique, Peron rallied the people of Argentina to his standard by protesting American "intervention" and immediately proceeds to intervene in the affairs of Uruguay by seeking to dictate its future government. This is his answer to the softening of the U. S. policy following his election and to all who cherished the delusion that his victory would convert him to democracy. It is only the opening phase of a drive by which Peron hopes to create a solid Fascist bloc in that part of South America. Chile is already playing 100 per cent with Argentine and Brazil is being drawn into ever closer collaboration with Peron, thereby putting a disastrous squeeze upon Uruguay which lies between them. Throughout all of Latin America Peron's victory and the subsequent appeasement at Washington has taken the heart out of the liberal and democratic elements. Uruguay has appealed to the United States for 50,000 tons of wheat, to replenish her stores which will be exhausted by June. This would be only half the amount of this grain which Uruguay normally consumes in the six months period it would be designed to last. To date there has been no tendency on the part of Washington primarily concerned with the threatened world famine to give any attention to Uruguay's plight. In a wireless dispatch from Montevideo, Frank Kluckhorn of the New York Times staff reports, "Once again the United States is being accused of talking big and doing nothing.' " Clearly it is the responsibility of this country to save its best friend in Latin America from the threat of the "Little Hitler" of Buenos Aires to starve Uruguay into submission to his designs. If we fail to implement our Latin American policy with the cereals which that country so badly needs we will awaken to find that we have a situation in our "back yard" which will make us a laughing stock throughout that part of the hemisphere. That the strongest nation in the world a year ago should now become the target of ridicule at the hands of this petty Fascist, and even in the eye. of our friends there is an arresting commentary on the bankruptcy of our national policy. Our prestige has fallen to the lowest ebb since our Good Neighbor policy was initiated, Mr Kluckhorn warns. WHERE RESPONSIBILITY RESTS Tardy as the railroads have been in the installation of many safety devices testimony offered at the investigation of the Naperville crash and newspaper accounts of the wreck indicates that the primary cause of the great loss of life was the operation of the two crack trains on a split second schedule. Safety is hardly promoted by running two trains at eighty miles an hour only two minutes apart. The eastern roads with their "advance" trains and their several sections of the famed "limiteds" have always scheduled them thirty minutes to an hour apart on their departure. It may be doubted that even radio communication could have halted the Flyer which crashed into the train ahead. Operating difficulties, such as the reported under carriage trouble which forced the unscheduled stop at Naperville, are always possible. The railroads have an impressive record for safe travel on a day by day performance but the record is marred by the occasional tragedy of such shocking proportions as that of last week. The greater speed calls for greater precautions. THE POST-WAR GARDEN Home gardening is off 25 per cent this year despite a greater need for food than existed during the war. The slump is greatest in communities which are no longer on daylight saving time. When it became apparent that the city in which they were employed was not to go on a daylight saving schedule many workers abandoned plans to plant as extensively as in the war years, fearing they would not have enough sun time to keep them up. Certainly there was never a time when a garden would pay larger dividends, both at home and abroad. The purpose of the victory gardens .was to assist in the winning of the war. Today they have an important place in the winning of the peace for as they increase the domestic food supply they permit sending of a larger diversion of other foodstuffs to the starving in Europe and Asia. Every home garden relieves to some degree the pressure upon our limited commercial supply of cereals, meats and other exportable farm products so desperately needed abroad. There is another factor which cannot be overlooked and that is the easement of the pressure on the family budget as the yield of the home garden reduces the need of reliance on" the commercial market. With the cost of living going up every day whatever is raised at home is a saving. It is another way of stabilizing the cost of living by increasing production. Harry Truman doesn't wear a grill over his jaw or carry a whiskbroom but we'll bet he knows how those umpires feel just the same. CHORDS WITH ONE FINGER It is quite probable dad likes to sing "Sweet Adeline" or some other barber shop ditty but he is diffident about asking daughter to play those old tunes. She might laugh at him. He'd be "dated" in her mind. But maybe there's a break for dad. He should be able to play his favorites with one finger and if he can do that, he won't need an accompanist. A "playano" was exhibited a few days ago at a plastics exposition in New York, which, when placed on a piano keyboard, supplies the chord to go with one-finger playing of the melody. If things work out as intended, dad not only can play and sing for his own amusement but he will be able to astound his friends which, of course, is always an enjoyable experience. The army helped make the world safe for democracy and now its sergeants and GI's are testifying in an effort to do as much for the army. I'd Rather Be Right BY SAMUEL GRAFTON Fascism and Nazism Stir Anew It is a year since the end of the war in Europe, and Mussolini's body has been dug up from the paupers' graveyard in Milan, by members of the "Fascist Democratic" party, who promise to parade the corpse of 0 Facism nnp Hav in ihe siinlicrht Tn J -.-. ... ... Bavaria, university students tell f -each ether that Hitler lives; and ' so in the one country a cadger, r v(f in the other a ghost, become sym- "jf"tv uuis tuuuuu wmuii -sume, ai leasi, x hope to concretize a resurgent ' Facism. Are these real movements, or are they absurd little flutters, death-rattles a year old? Shall we laugh or shall we worry? Shall we i say that Facism is dead, and doesn't know it, or shall we say that it is reviving, and we don't know it? Small signs, perhaps; inconclusive, perhaps; but Fascism is always a crank movement until it becomes a government. And in the University of Munich an American reporter has been shocked to find an instructor, Prince Wilhelm Karl von Isen-burg, still teaching a course in racial theories, which was first instituted under the Nazis in 1935. Ah, but Prince Wilhelm was not a Nazi; his military questionnaire shows it, and since we hunt and identify the enemy strictly by surface appearance and by formal signs (as if we were classifying butterflies) Prince Wilhelm has, at least until this writing, been left unmolested. Again, shall we worry, or shall we laugh it off? Is Prince Wilhelm a comic figure, or a dramatic one? And it is very difficult to write pieces like this, for this one is, frankly, a warning; a warning uttered well in advance of any possible event, and therefore difficult to justify. But let us look at it in this way: a year ago we did not know whether militaristic and reactionary figures would be allowed to teach in German universities; now we know that they are. A little question has been answered, a little beachhead has been won by the other side. A year ago we were all uncertain about the future of the German .right; it was doubtful about itself and we were doubtful about it; then, like a faint, slimy sheen over our occupation zone, its members began to turn up in positions of comparative authority; and now it is a solid incrustation. American reporters say casually that "Nazi sympathizers and militarists retain positions of control and authority;" Prince Wilhelm is only one blazing example of a common state of affairs, for most of the University of Munich is cast in his image. And so a kind of molecular rearrangement has taken place during our year in Germany. And of this we can legitimately be afraid; 'not afraid of a Prince Wilhelm for what he is in himself, but of Prince Wilhelm as a barometric reading, as a sign of a process and of a stage in a process. It is not his impudence which is frightening, but our acquiescence in his impudence, and our seeming helplessness before it. Grave questions are raised; for though we sympathize with the left, our sympathy has very little content, perhaps because of our fear of Russia; and though we oppose the right, our opposition also seems lacking in content, maybe for the same reason; and so the forces press against each other, and the molecules of population arrange themselves, and the right rises. And the right watches us. There are certain crucial moments at which we could set it back; perhaps by taking a strong position against Franco, when that question comes up. But the moment passes, we do not take a strong position; and the right, everywhere in the world, relaxes, smiling. Or we could give a signal by our stand against Peron in Argentina; but he wins an election, and we smile upon him, and Colonel Peron at once begins to gather around himself a bloc of Paraguay, and Bolivia, and perhaps of Uruguay and Brazil and Chile, aimed at us (see the right rising!) and everywhere in the world, from the chamber of a piffling little professor at Munich to the executive offices of a rightist demagogue in Latin America, the content of our position is felt, and the molecules arrange themselves. Shall we laugh or shall we fret? Is it comedy or is it drama! Drama, I think, and the third act begins just when we thought there was nothing left to do but to swecj out the theater. Billets By F. C. B. CHOOSE A DREAM Remember dreams of childhood? How full of faith they were! So joyful and so carefree What nostalgia they stir! Our adolescent dreaming Chose quite a different trail; Then, young love and ambition Were weavers of the tale. With passing time dreams mellow; In our maturer years, They lose some of their color, As we discover tears. Old age will add its quota, For it is always thus. At the end of a lifetime . . . Which dream meant most to us? Magda. O Self-Denial Perhaps the Davenport Municipal Art Gallery should offer a course in the language of the artist. Like his work, it must be understood to be appreciated or at least understood. Take the case we heard about today of an artist who was doing a rural landscape when he noticed a farmer who appeared to be interested. "Ah," he said, "perhaps you, too, are a lover of the beauties of na ture. Have you seen the golden fingers of the dawn spreading across the eastern sky, the red stained sulphurous islets floating in the lake of fire in the west, rugged clouds at midnight blot ting out the shuddering moon?" "Nope,- not lately," answered the farmer. "I've been on the wagon for over a year." O Predisposed The father who grooms his son to succeed him in business usually finds it isn't easy. The young fellows are great for having their own ideas. For instance, there's this report of a Rock Island man who took particular pains to instruct his son in judging the potentialities of job applicants. He happened to look into Junior's office the other day "I've Started My Harvesting Already, Neighbor" I mm- when he was interviewing an applicant for a position as his secretary. And she was very attractive indeed. Stepping outside in response to his father's signal, the son said: "I'm going to hire her." : "What experience has she had?" asked the father. "I'm going to find out about that later," the son explained. "I don't want any obstacles to crop up now." ... O Epitaphs Virgina Moore in her forthcom ing book, "Ho for Heaven! Man's Changing Attitude Toward Dying," states that the shortest epitaph on record is "Thorp's Corpse." Another written in 1730 for the noted actresSj Mrs Nance Oldfied, has two lines and is ironic in content: "This we must own in justice to her shade: 'Tis the first bad exit Oldfield ever made." 0 Modem World Gib Swanson. who hails from Moline and who writes for Capper's Farmer, has been doing some more investigating and comes up with these reports on new developments: One manufacturer has revived an old idea in a new hat with a ribbon enabling the wearer to adjust the size to his head, and particularly that time after a haircut when the circumference is lessened. It may be possible in the future to operate household appliances without electricity by utilizing "fluid heat," a new energy to be carried to all parts of the house by a special chemical in a tube, with heat from the central heating plant. Flipping off the electricity and then getting into bed before the light goes out may become a reality with a switch which can be set for delayed action up to three minutes, and which is expected to be handy in a garage, too. For hypodermic injections with out a needle puncturing the skin, a vaporized fluid can be forced through the skin without pain by the application of 400 pounds to the square inch. 0 AlsO'Ran One doesn't have to be a good loser, in the opinion of Frank Martin, but he ought not be bitter. This is a thought, he says, which was inspired by an incident at a wedding reception he attended, and at which the best man appeared to take to heart a certain responsibility for seeing that everyone was as happy as the occasion seemed to require. Noticing one fellow skulking in a corner, he went up to him, and in his best come-let's-be-gay manner, asked: "Are you enjoying yourself? Have you kissed the bride. "No," said the sullen one. "Not lately." P A popular girl, says Helen Forrest, is one who lives a date-to-dMe existence. Omt TMC WAMMClOM tost ON THE RECORD BY DOROTHY THOMPSON- The Realities of Peace profound Pontius Pilate's remark "what is truth?" might be paraphrased into "what is peace?" Peace is pernaps lite in ..sfv truth, or in principle. But since the powers who control destiny share no common view of truth, they have no common aim of peace. This is clear in the U. N. debates, where ' every speech reveals cleavages of principle and interest between the Allies. Mr Gromyko's statement on Thursday, April 25, revealed that the United Nations do not even agree on what is war. The United Nations charter seeks "to insure . . . that armed force shall not be used, save in the common interest," the common interest being suppression of acts of agression against U. N. members. But the Soviet delegate apparently assumes that a certain form of state, however weak, is, by its nature an aggressor, and should be dealt with in advance of overt action: By implication he suggested that it was within the province of the United Nations to foment civil wars. "Civil wars have not always had bad results . . .The historical place and significance of the American Civil war is well known." Mr Gromyko could hardly have choseni a worse illustration. The American Civil war was a dread-catastrophe, which wiser counsels, north and south, might have averted. But it was not a total catastrophe, only because it was fought without foreign intervention. Had it been not only a struggle between American citizens but an international struggle, the nation might have been lost, and had the outcome been decided by foreign intervention, it would never have been freely accepted as binding. One of our greatest problems following the American Revolutionary war was the embarrassment we suffered from our French assistants. England being at war with France gave America the chance to strike for independence, and the French having a common lent us aid. Afterward re volutionary France attempted the ideological conquest of America, u-hnsp own revolutionary ideas were not Jacobin. Pro-French Jacobin clubs were organized, and there was the famous Genet affair, which utterly disgusted even the Vrnncnnhile. Thomas Jefferson, and was an inspiration of Wash inztnn's farewell address. That we were eventually able to come to lasting peace with Britain, and France as well, and build a tremendous free nation, was because we neither became satellites of our liberators nor prisoners of wartime hates. Ilya Ehrenburg, the Soviet journalist, when asked the other day to define "Fascism" said, "The test is hatred of the Soviet Union. Hitler, who, I presume, was a Fascist, hated the Austro-Hungar-lan monarchy, the Versailles system, the French republic, the British empire, the United States, representative government, pacifism, Jews, and the Soviet Union. He hated everything, that is to say, that stood in the way of the German "New Order." To define Fascist as "ha tred of the Soviet Union," is to paraphrase a Fascist idea, that makes an enemy out of everyone who is not a 100 per cent supporter. For the Soviets interpret as "hatred" every form of opposition or criticism within or., without their borders. There is, unfortunately, a growing hatred of the Soviet Union, but it does not come only from Fascist sources, but from those anti-Fascists who find the worst characteristic of Fascism its desire to undermine, direct, and control other peoples under a totalitarian idea and system, and who hate this under whatever name. Mr Gromyko's outline of the preface to this war had peculiar lucunae. Every appeasement of the Axis by the western powers is brought into his indictment. But no reference is made to the early love affair between the Soviets and Mussolini, nor to the Russo-German pact, nor to Mr Molotov's statement of October 1939: "Ideological wars are reminiscent of old religiuos wars . . . that brought economic ruin and savagery; . . . A war of this kind has no justification whatsoever; . . . The'ideo-logy of Hitlerism, like any other ideological system, can be accepted or rejected that is a matter of view . . . Everybody will understand that an ideology cannot be destroyed by force . . . Therefore it is senseless and criminal to wage a war for the destruction of Hitlerism, covered by the false banner of a struggle for 'democracy.' " This business of totally reversing attitudes to suit the exigencies of power politics is the death of real politics and the assassin of peace. The civil wars being advocated and fomented are in no single case spontaneous movements of a majority or near-majority of the people. They are weapons of power politics, made the more horrible by the hypocritical mask of smiling humanitarianism and British and Moslem Leaders Prepare for Conference in Simla NEW DELHI. (AP) The last barrier to direct negotiation between representatives of the In dian people and the British gov ernment on Indian independence was removed today and British of ficials and Indian leaders prepared to hold a round-table conference in mountainous Simla. Up to the last there had been iears mat either tne congress party or the Moslem league would interpose pre-conditions which would prevent a general confer ence. These doubts were ended today by the announcement of Ma homed Ali Jinnah, Moslem league president, that he was ready to negotiate at the same table with congress party men. democracy, clapped as covers upon their fearsome visages. Non-intervention in Spain was a bad policy only because it was not universally observed. Franco was a product, not a non-inter vention but of intervention. Sat isfactory intervention in Spain is today impossible because the interests of the great powers cross in the Mediterranean, and those interests, and not the wishes or welfare of the Spanish people will be predominant. Thus, though Franco's Spain was in part created by the Axis a genuinely free Spain cannot be created by U. N. that hope like many others, is a casualty of the destruction of the Atlantic Charter. Victory Garden Train Starts 6-State Tour CHICAGO. (AP) The "Vic tory Garden Special," a train car rying exhibits bearing the legend "Grow More Food This lear, was scheduled to leave here today for a week's tour of six mid-west ern states. It is sponsored by the National Garden Institute, Inc., and the Northwestern railroad. The itinerary today includes Sterling, 111., Clinton, la., and Ce dar Rapids, la. Tuesday the train goes to Des Moines, la., and Oma ha. Neb. Franco May Beat Security Council To Punch in Spain Announcement of Census Hints Dictator May Be Planning Referendum BY DE WITT MACKENZIE Associated Press Foreign Affairs Analyst The question of how the UN security council shall handle the Franco regime of Spain continues to be one of the'' serious mterna- i o n a 1 worries, and the weekend brought the highly interest ing indie ation that the general issimo may be getting set for a counter-move in the rorm of a, referendum to test the temper I of his people. while there has been no official news of a plebiscite, observers see the possibility of one in the an nouncement that a census of all Spaniards over twenty-one is to be taken. Why over twenty-one? Naturally the thought is" that it has to do with the vote. Be that as it may, my recent visit to Spain leads me to believe that it need cause no surprise if Franco tries to beat the security council to the punch by having a referendum. This might be in the nature of a "vote of confidence" in his government, or it might adroitly couple this idea with the question of whether the people would like a return of the mon archy. As this column has said pre viously, I believe he would agree to restoration of the throne if the pretender, Don Juan, would make concessions enabling the general to retire from the dictatorship gracefully, that is, without loss of face. British Prime Minister Attlee said Saturday that he "should like to see the Spaniards put an end to it (the Franco regime) as quickly as possible." He didn't offer any thoughts as to how the trick should be turned but undoubtedly he had peaceful means in mind since both England and the United States, while anxious to get rid of Franco, are equally anxious to avoid the horrors of civil war. There is, of course, another school which wouldn't be averse to seeing the matter ironed out in that bloody fashion. Anyway, there certainly is much doubt whether the United Nations would find much balm in the Gilead of a Spanish referendum held under the auspices of the Franco government. In the first place the question arises as to how much freedom of action the" voters would feel they had under a powerful dictatorship whether a referendum would mean a great deal. - However, the thing cuts deeper than that. While there are a lot of Spaniards who would like to see a revival of the republic, there are a lot of others who want a restoration of the monarchy and there are still others who swear by Franco but who would vote for the king if the generalissimo indicated his intention of withdrawing from the leadership. Now there has been no general election in Spain since 1936 when there was established Leftist Republican government which Franco attacked in that year and finally overthrew in 1939. The political pulse of the country hasn't been taken in ten years, and under the totalitarian rule people have acquired the habit of keeping their thoughts to themselves. Thus we can say with a certainty that trying to forecast the outcome of a referendum-even if it were conducted without interference would be no whit easier than guessing the number of beans in the jar in the window of the corner drug store. That's why some of the more two-fisted direct actionists think that perhaps the matter will have to be settled by another civil war. However, that assuredly doesn't mean the majority view of the security council. After all, the idea of the United Nations is to maintain peace, and if the organization should do anything to encourage civil war it might as well close up shop and call it a day. THE TIMID SOUL 60ARP NATVE SAM PAWS FcfKfa "XoufMYTo WVFFLC- BATTER Ttsl M(LS UP STREAM. AS ,W5 FADDCc MOfkm we- nAfcyex. at TF-r MLeiooscopeoF Aeu-ewciM& AHO VR-C3LORFJU UFS AU5AG 'thE &ANKS OFTfif hamkY-fawkV RiveR. vot-uPTuous amd exorc fAPAWS CRt AT7MG AM CVCR. MOWS HUM AMITY. A l U-C )VTY TAfc(5S iTfMfiU' Fof A PLEASANT R'PE THou&M spice-sceMTeo o&i-c, PAOEANfol AIR. MILQUETOAST RCFOSCS To AU-OW HAZARDS CF TfctAvet. To MTERFeRS VilTH HIS FASSIOM FOR. GLo8 -TftcTTlMG ' Looking Backward Thirty Years Ago Today August Volkhauer, 1107 West Sixth street, Davenport, was injured when he fell from an express wagon at Second and Main streets. G. S. Lowe, 2011 Sixteenth street, Moline, was elected grand chaplain of the Royal Arcanum order at the grand council meeting at Rockford. Twenty Years Ago Today The Rev. Owen J. McGuire. vice president of St. Ambrose college, has been appointed pastor of St. James Catholic church of Washington, la. The Central Illinois Engineering Co., a Moline concern, was awarded contracts for the first unit of Kewanee's extensive paving program. Ten Years Ago Today Fred Fahrenkrug, senior warden, of Roosevelt lodge, No. 626, A. F. & A. M., of Davenport, wai elected president of the Mississippi Masonic circle. Clarence J. Bendle, Moline public accountant and leader in civic affairs, will serve as president tt the Moline Rotary club for tn next term.

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