4A OGDEN, UTAH, TUESDAY EVENING, AUGUST 4, 1964 EDITORIALS Viet Nam War Now Goes to Sea It should not be a surprise to anyone with military background that the war in Viet Nam has now gone to sea. The State Department has entered official protests with the Communist government of North Viet Nam against Sunday's attack by three Red torpedo boats on the U.S. destroyer M a d d o x in the Tonkin Gulf. The protest is based on the fact that the assault took place in international waters. There is proper ground for such an official representation. But the question in our mind is: When has the war in Viet Nam followed international rules? ; There have been numerous instances of 'Communist guerrillas disguising themselves as South Vietnamese peasants to carry out a surprise attack. Such operations were common in Korea during the war there, so this facet of Red jungle warfare tactics has long been known. The slaughter of civilians in Vietnamese villages does not conform to international doctrine, either. So, if the Commie naval forces thought they had a chance to damage a U.S. warship would they stop at carrying their campaign into international waters? The answer is a bloody "no." Our involvement in the Viet Nam civil war is so extensive--as the graves of nearly 200 U.S. officers and men killed there attest--that we're bound to have naval forces in the area. We need those warships to protect our supply ships, just as we need U.S. carriers to provide aerial support on both land and sea. It's logical that the North Viet Nam government and their Chinese Red bosses would try to cripple such naval aid. Washington's response to the Maddox attack has been prompt. President Johnson has ordered Tonkin Gulf patrols -on the water and in the air--strengthened. Navy commanders no longer will be prohibited from pursuing attackers -as they were in the Maddox case. LEJ has told them to "destroy" any attacking force. A newspaper in Formosa suggests the Reds ordered the PT boat assault on the Maddox to "test the degree of U.S. determination and firmness." Our answer has been to show North Viet Nam that we are both determined and firm. Ogden Area Candidates One of the major complaints of residents of the Ogden area is that we don't have enough representation in various governmental agencies in the state capitol at Salt Lake City. Why, the moaners ask, should Utah's No. 2 city take such a far back seat to the No. 1 in population city? Next time this question is asked, a good reply would be to suggest: "Why don't you do something about it yourself?" We note that of all the candidates for ; state office in the primary election being conducted a week from today, only one --Linn Baker--is a resident of Ogden. Mr. Baker, now Weber County treasurer, is a candidate for the Democratic nomination as Utah State treasurer. His opponent, as to be expected, is from Salt Lake City -- S. Clifford Cockayne, now Salt Lake County assessor. If Weber County and Ogden are to have the voice in state government to which we are by numbers--if nothing else--entitled, more residents of our area should become active in politics as candidates for office. Max Rich's New Job For many years, the Salt Lake City Chamber of Commerce has exercised a dual function. It has served its own city as a hard- fighting chamber of commerce. And, in the process, it also has been of help to many other sections of the state. So all of us in Utah have more than a little interest in activities of the Salt Lake Chamber. That's why we should be glad that Maj. Gen. Max E. Rich has been named executive vice president and secretary there. Max Rich on Sept. 1 will step into the office left vacant when Gus P. Backman, secretary of the chamber for 34 years, became president and general manager of Pro-Utah, Inc., the new statewide economic promotion agency. During his 11 years as head of the Utah National Guard, Gen. Rich has done a tremendous job of building the guard not only in numbers but in spirit. It's now one of the finest Guard detachments in the land. We-believe he'll apply this same talent and energy to his new post. His first loyalty, of course, will be to Salt Lake City. But he knows the state thoroughly enough to realize that what's good for Ogden is also good for Salt Lake City. 'Mongolian Chick-sanf Know what a "Mongolian ehick-sant" is? You don't? No wonder, because none existed until a few weeks ago. It's a cross between a chicken and a Mongolian rinkneck pheasant. A part-time rancher in Placerville, Calif., claims to have succeeded in producing fowls of this combination--mating a cock pheasant with a red hen. The rancher, Lean Bush, describes the result as having chicken bodies with pheasant markings. Has any chicken rancher or game bird fancier in Utah ever come up with such a bird? If so, we've never heard of it. H O L M E A L E X A N Possible Deal Approaching In Otepka Security Case 'HERE'S AN UNUSUAL PICTURE FROM RANGER-7' O R E PEARSO Fascist Conversations Hit Visiting Latin President WASHINGTON - It has not 1 e a k e d out of the diplomatic corps, but the president of Costa Rica while on a state visit to the King Ranch in Texas was so shocked at fascist conversation that a protest was made to the State Department. President Francisco J. Orlich and his party spent three days at the famous King Ranch, largest in the world. They enjoyed viewing its amazing operation of Santa Gertrudis cattle and its quarter horses. But they were dumbfounded to hear some of their hosts talk with glee about the assassination of the late RALPH DE TOLEDANO Red Agitators Strive To Foment Disorders RAY CROMLEY Khrushchev May Behave Until After Elettion WASHINGTON - D e s p i t e KBrushchev's r e c e n t chest thumping, U.S. government So- vigt analysts have quietly as- sufed the White House that the Soviet Union is not likely 'to tafce on any .major adventures in'the ticklish months between noj? and election day. Says one expert privately, 'We're convinced Khrushchev's even going to go easy on the Cuba sitution until after November." These men who specialize in predicting what Khrushchev will dor next expect him to hedge and haw in Southeastern Asia, buj end up doing nothing for now. Says one: "He'll keep telling the United States to get out of; South Viet Nam. But we think he'd be somewhat embarrassed if we did get out." It would be too much of a gain for R4d China. He wants things kept balanced in Laos with neither side winning." Little action is expected in Berlin or the Middle East. ; WORRIED? There are signs, State Department men claim, that Khrushchev is worried and that he would like to influence the U.S. presidential election. But he had his fingers burned back in 1952 w$en Adlai Stevenson r a n against Gen. Dwight D. Eisenhower. Bulganin spoke out for Stevenson. The praise boomeranged, helped the Eisenhower, campaign. A Khrushchev-instigated, hot- ter cold war during the election campaign would bring demands from the U.S. public for a stronger policy against the Soviet Union. It would be impossible for either candidate to take any stand that appeared soft. This puts Khrushchev on the spot for how. Things may not heat up much after the election. U.S. analysts think Khrushchev must do something ..about Cuba because Castro's regime is becoming too much of an economic drain. The WHERE IN THE WORLD . . . ? Do you know the name of tht largest lake in Central America? Soviet Union needs the goods and the funds it's spending on Cuba for higher-priority projects at home. For international political reasons, the Soviet Union 'can't just walk out and leave Cuba. Khrushchev's problem is to find a solution that will embarrass the United States. U.S. diplomats think Khrushchev has plans in mind for splitting President Charles de Gaulle of France and the United States farther apart. GREATER VIGOR They expect Khrushchev sooner or later to find some formula for meddling with greater vigor in South Viet Nam. The analysts expect these Khrushchev plots to be troublesome. They don't expect them to lead to crises comparable to the Cuban missile showdown, the Berlin Wall build-up, the Berlin airlift or to the Korean War. As they see it, Khrushchev is faced with greater shortages at home. Soviet productivity is increasing at a slower rate. Manufacturing and agriculture are not meeting their goals. Influential consumers of the privileged classes are demanding more. The Russian military is protesting the cutbacks in military manpower. The Kremlin is in the midst of a quiet, strong power struggle in the ruling Presidium. R u s s i a is continuing to strengthen itself, but it's running into administrative problems Khrushchev is finding hard to cope with. As one U.S. official puts it: "Even without the election, it's unlikely Khrushchev would do anything n o w to stir up a crisis." A New York City detective, with tape recordings to prove it, quoted a Negro leader of the rioting which tore up Harlem recently. "The state must be smashed," said William Epton, an avowed Communist. "We're going to have to kill cops and judges." Any reporter with friends in New York's Negro section can tell you that this reflects the view of a minority within a minority. The rabble-rousers and violence peddlers do not have the support of most Harlemites. In fact, there is a growing hack- lash against those who wish to turn the legitimate strivings of the Negro into another manifestation of the class struggle. There is much that New York's Mayor Robert F. Wagner could have done for Harlem, simply by enforcing the law and compelling landlords to provide the kind of housing which tenants pay for but do not get. Mayor Wagner, professing the highest civil rights principles and the most pristine liberal sentiments, has failed to prevent the illegal gouging of people in his city. Nor has he seen to it that the police curb gambling, narcotics peddling, and prostitution in the Negro section. APPLIES TO OTHERS Granting this--and much of it applies to other cities in the North which deride others but do less in the interests of justice than the "racist" Southerners--there is no doubt that the civil rights movement has come under subversive infl u e n c e. Those who support the various Negro organizations can face up to this, and drive the Reds out of their council--as did the CIO in 1949--or they,can shut their eyes and allow their work to be discredited. One of the tests of a responsible popular movement has always been its willingness to forget that it must smite the "reactionaries" at every turn -even when they are right. The oath' of least resistance is to cry out "ReH-baiter"--but the woods are full of m o r b u n d groups .which have taken t h i s course. .It is a fact that the Communists have heavily infiltrated the newer "civil rights" groups. It is a fact that the Reds are making yeoman efforts to penetrate the National Association for tV Advancement of Colored People and .other old line Negro, organizations. If the NAACP allows itself to join in with those who refuse to acknowledge the realities of the present situation, it will find itself devoting most of its energies to rooting out the infiltrating subversives. And the infiltration is there for all to see. In Chicago, for example, Communists were active leading demonst r a t i o n s against the Board of Education. Reporters there spotted at work former editors of The Daily Worker and high-ranking Communist functionaries. In Cleveland, the m a y o r turned over to the FBI the names of 31 people holding positions of responsibility in "civil rights" protest. One of them was a former secretary of the Ohio Communist Party who had served a prison term for denying under oath that he was a member of the CP. The same situation applies in St. Louis, where self-admitted officials of the Communist Party have been busily fanning the flames of discontent and leading Negroes into battles against the police. And these manifestations can be duplicated in New York, in San Francisco, in other parts of the country. After years of frustration deriving from Negro anti-communism, the Reds have found an opening and are pouring in. SERVE COMMIES "Washington Report." published by the American Security Council, says with great moderation what ~the situation is today: "Some civil rigbts leaders have adopted the attitude that any mention of Communists in the movement is no more than a device to discredit all civil rights efforts. At the same time, some opponents of the civil rights movement h a v e denounced it with the sweeping charge that it is all a Communist plot. Â· Both attitudes are equidistant from reality and represent a refusal to face up squarely to difficult problems. Both attitudes serve the Communist cause by . . . intensifying emotional attitudes caoable of producing the bitter harvest most desired by the Communists -- disorder, lawlessness, and violence." This is the crux of the matter Many years ago, the Kremlin devised ways and means to get the Negro into the streets and to teach him that he must liquidate" the white man. The Communists had no interest in the Negro--as they have since clearly Demonstrated. If "civil rights" leaders fall for the bait, they will be landing themselves and their people in a frying pan of death, despair, and failure. President Kennedy as if it were a boon to the country. In Costa Rica, Kennedy has been almost deified, and President Orlich was so upset over the gloating over Kennedy's death that his party complained about it to State Department officials. Old Bob Kleberg, senior member of the family which owns the King Ranch, was the height of courtesy. He did not engage in any fascist conversation or floating; it was the younger members of the far-flung family who did. The King Ranch covers 837,000 acres of Texas land. The Klebergs also operate ranches in Australia, Argentina, Peru and up until seizure by Castro, a 30,000-acre cattle ranch in Cuba. In Pennsylvania, the family owns the Buck and Doe Run Valley Farm of 10,000 acres near Coatesville, while in Kentucky it owns a horse breedjng farm near Lexington. FAMILY ROLL CALL Various members of the Kleberg family came to the ranch for the Costa Rican visit, including Dr. Deaver Alexander of the University of Pennsylvania, who manages the King farm near Coatesville. James Clement, whose father was former chairman of the Pennsylvania Railroad, was also present, together with Bob Shelton, who married one of the Kleberg daughters and opened the family ranch in Argentina. Also present was Mrs. Tobin Armstrong, married to a top Republican leader for Texas and a big Goldwater organizer. In fact, most of the Kleberg family were ardent Goldwaterites, except for the Alexanders, who as Pennsylvanians were loyal to Gov. William Scranton. Richard Kleberg Jr. and his daughter were the most reactionary Goldwaterites. He is the son of the late congressman of the same name for whom President Johnson served as an assistant when he first came to Washington. Kleberg was defeated for Congress when this writer revealed that he had required one of his clerks to kick back part of his salary to the congressman. President Orlich and his party stayed at the Santa Gertrudis ranch house, named for A1 i c e Gertrudis, for whom the King Ranch special breed of cattle is named. But the guests would drive 50 miles to another ranch house for lunch or dinner -- incidentally, without leaving the confines of the ranch. Dinner was called for 8 p.m. But the family lingered over cocktails around the swimming pool until around 11 p.m. when they finally sat down to dinner. By .this time .some of t h o s e present were pretty well oiled and the conversation took on a fascist tone. There was gloating that Kennedy had been killed, speculation that the time had come for real people to take over the U.S.A. AMAZING RANCH During more sober daylight visits, however, the Costa Ricans saw an amazing ranch operation, including a screw fly factory, where boxes of sterile male screw flies are packed. The boxes are then dropped over the ranch by airplane. When the box drops, it breaks open releasing the sterile male flies. Each box contains food for the flies to live on temporarily, and when released they mate with females, thereby reducing the fly population. WASHINGTON - Two dozen State Department security officers have been reluctantly surrendered by Secretary D e a n Rusk to answer questions before Sen. Jim Eastland's Internal Security subcommittee, and it's the kind of story where the talk turns to horse-trading. Back in June 1963, Otto Otep- ka, the State Department's chief security evaluator, was physically barred from his office space and otherwise humiliated for delivering opinions and information to Internal Security over the heads of his superiors. After much feuding between the Senate and the department during which three of Mr. Rusk's men were caught lying under oath, last Jan. 20 Otepka asked for a hearing before an independent examiner. Exactly six months later, on July 20, as I learn from Otepka's attorney, Roger Robb, the answer came back--request denied as being against the department regulations. . THREE CONDITIONS As to the horse-trading, I am asking on good grounds whether it's true that Mr. Rusk offered to call off the hearings and reinstate Otepka on three conditions: 1. That Otepka would admit he did wrong by going out of channels to give the Senate valuable information on security which it couldn't get elsewhere. 2. That Otepka would accept reassignment to some department post not connected with security, his life's work for nearly 30 years. 3. That the Senate would not insist upon quizzing the other security officers. My inquiries were made in part at the office of the assistant secretary for administration, William Crockett. The letter denying Otepka's request was read to me by phone, but further answers are being referred up the line. Meanwhile, however, Internal Security is going ahead hi executive session with its interrogation of the security staff, so it looks like "no deal" on t h a t point. I have it on the best authority that Otepka will refuse to back down on the other t points. His long-delayed hearing has been assigned to the department examiner. Theoretically, according to department regulations, the hearing should be held within two weeks. But a 13-week period has lapsed since Otepka was first accused, and his lawyer is not optimistic about a speedy conclusion. Otepka intends to persevere. One of these days-sinless there's a horse-trade first -he'll tell it all.to a jury. SHADOW GOVERNMENT Some of us have written Otep- ka's news story in detail, and no more than a resume is now in order. It's a story of the shadow government which often holds the mystery of why our mighty country, the bastion of the Free World and the disciple of human decency, can't seem to win the Cold War against the most notorious and widespread system of tyranny in history. One reason is that dozens, of daily decisions, and mounds of analytical materials, are put together by persons who are not, for the most part, conspirators but who are accommodative to the enemy's viewpoint and not at all ardent for ours. It was Otepkp's job to size up the men and women who get appointed to these positions and to committees. Their work there is done at a level that doesn't permit or warrant the s a kind of coverage we give congressional debates and h i g h level press conferences. A security evaluator l i k e Otepka doesn't, as is sometimes idiotically charged and believed, pass judgment on gossip and gutter talk. He is interested in documents which show membership in Red front organizations, and witfr active association with subversives. He believes that persons with such records shouldn't be allowed in the shadow government. His superiors at the S t a Department don't seern to care. And that, in brief, is what the Otepka case is all about. C H A R L E M C D O W E Political Words of '64: Backlash and Variations The word of the year in American politics is "backlash." Everyone who is anyone is saying it. And anyone who can say it with a properly thoughtful frown, as if he knows exactly what he is talking about, is assured a respectful hearing at any cocktail party or water- cooler seminar in the land. Likewise, it is the password to the inner councils of both the Democrats and Republicans. Heavy-thinking tacticians will drop everything to listen to a stranger who offers to tell them something about it. If you walk up behind a politician on the street and say "Backlash!" in a soft voice, he will jump a foot-off the ground. When he lands, he will tell you that he has not given much thought to "backlash." If his party tends to be hurt by the phenomenon known as "backlash," he plays it down because he does not want to seem panicked. If his party tends to gain votes by it, he plays it down because he does not want to seem too crassly eager. BREATHING HEAVILY It is true, however, that all political people are fretting and breathing heavily over "backlash." Pollsters are fumbling for it in a thousand bosky dels, trying to get a grip on it to probe it and measure it. Computers are staying up all night over it. Social scientists are stalking it warily, jumping at their own shadows and yelling to one another, "It went thataway!" Columnists and commentators--those who haven't retired from the profession rather than take a chance on making Gen. Eisenhower mad again--are an- alyzing "backlash" and catching one another's theories like children catch measles. Meanwhile, almost no attention is being given to the political phenomenon that might be called "frontlash." If "backlash" is a movement of voters from the Democratic to the Republican party in reaction to civil-rights unrest or civil-rights legislation, or both, then isn't there some traffic the other way? If you want to capture the floor from a "backlash" expert, try asking him how he assesses "frontlash." MODERATE LASH The whole problem of "lash'* in its several varieties promises to get more complicated before it gets any simpler. If "backlash" becomes severe and begins to make shrill sounds, isn't "frontlash" likely to increase, too? Is there such a thing as "moderate lash?" Is it possible that "backlash- ers," or "frontlashers" for that matter, might "re-lash" when they find they don't like some of the company they are in? And isn't it a mistake to think of all the switching back and forth in terms of civil rights? Isn't there likely to be a great deal of economic and foreign- policy "lashing"? What goes on in the minds of voters almost always defies experts. We met a man the other day who is abandoning his Democratic past to vote for Sen Goldwater out of loyalty to a fellow-member of the Air Force Reserve. But his vote is going to be canceled by "wifelash." She associates the Air Force Reserves with all-night poker games. 20 YEARS AGO E. J. Fjeldsted, secretary of the Ogden Chamber of Commerce; J. Francis Fowles, post commander of the American Legion, and Boyd E. Nelson, chairman of the Weber County Russian clothing relief campaign, were calling for clothing to help destitute Russian families in devastated war areas. 50 YEARS AGO The North Weber Stake was to meet at the Hermitage in Ogden Canyon for an outing under auspices of the Mutual Improvement Association stake boards. Work on interior decorating of the First Methodist Church had commenced under direction of Reeves Brothers. Philip Ray Grimes was first A. W. Huish and John R. Paul baby born in new maternity had opened a real estate, loan ward at Hill Air Force Base, and insurance office at 24$4 His Parents are Sgt. and Mrs. Washington, under the name Franklin Grimes. , Huish and Paul.
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