The North Adams Transcript from North Adams, Massachusetts on June 30, 1933 · Page 2
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The North Adams Transcript from North Adams, Massachusetts · Page 2

North Adams, Massachusetts
Issue Date:
Friday, June 30, 1933
Page 2
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THE NORTH ADAMS EVENING TRANSCRIPT, FRIDAY, TONE ««, »» 1 ' "" ~" - - -- - -n^™-^™—^™«—«^^^«i^»«..^ - ^ m i i i i .-- —n —--- _. fif lummj - i - - - -- —- - ~ . — - ~ ~'"-~^ ' ~ ' ~"~* ' L ~~~ ' ~ ~" •^••*-« •,._;-- - ^ r~i ~ - --- — Mount Greylock Memorial Is Dedicated Today I Many Prominent Figures ^Gather For Dedication Exercises on Mt. Greylock Bring Together Distinguished Assemblage—Heads of State Departments, Members of Congress, Many State Legislators, County, City and Town Officials, Men and Women Conspicuous in Civil and Military Life and Representatives of Patriotic Organizations Present. As distinguished an assemblage of men and women as Berkshire county has seen In all Its history gathered on the summit ot Mount Oreylock today to participate In and to wit- ness'the exercises dedicating the state's memorial to Its soldier dead. The governor of the commonwealth was there to accept the majestic granite shaft and to declare Its purpose. With him was his Immediate predecessor In office during whose administration the memorial was begun, the lieutenant governor of the state, the heads of several of Its executive departments, three mcm- beia of the Congress of the United Spates, six members of the governor's council, members of the county government, the chief executives of Berkshire cities and towns, approximately 35 state senators and as many members or the House of Representatives, distinguished figures in civic and military life In Massachusetts, and delegations from the veterans' and patriotic organizations of the commonwealth. Members of State Government Besides Governor Joseph B. Ely other members of the state government who were present Included Lieutenant Governor Gaspar G. Bacon, State Auditor Francis X. Hurley, Brigadier General John H. Agnew, adjutant general of the com monwealth; DcWttt O. DeWolf, executive secretary to the governor; Commissioner Samuel A. York of the state department of conservation and Mrs, York; Commissioner Prank E. Lyman of the state department of public works. Commissioner Charles P. Howard of the state department ot administration and finance, General Daniel Needham, state commissioner of public safety, and Mrs. Needham; the following members of the governor's council: J. Arthur Baker of Plttsfleld, Eugene A. F. Burtnett of Somervllle, Daniel H. Coakley of Brighton, Eugene B. Fraser of Lynn, Joseph B. Grossman of Quln- cy and Wlnflcld A. Schuster of East Douglas, besides the delegations of representatives and senators. Three Congressmen There The three members of the United States Congress who had accepted Invitations are Representative Allen T. Treadway of Stockbridge, Representative Pent Q. Holmes of Worcester and Representative Frank H. Foss of Fltchburg. The county government was represented by County Commissioner Robert S. Tlllotson ot Lenox, Fred H. Purches of Pittsfleld and John Henderson ot Clarksburg, Associate Co/nmlssioiiers James Punderson ot Stockbridge and Inland F. Jenks of Wllllamstown and Sheriff J. Bruce Mclntyre, while Frank Howard of FHtsfleld, long-time member of the county board, was also present. Judge Arthur M. Robinson of Wllllamstown, Archibald Sloper of Lanesboro and W. H. Sperry of this city, members of the Greylock reservation commission, were likewise ther*. Mr, Sperry, as chairman of the reservation commission, was a member of the state's memorial com- mlsslon which supervised the erection of the monument and prepared the plans for Its dedication. Mayor Archie J. Pratt of this city, Mayor Patrick J. Moore of Plttsfleld and Selectmen Dr. J. H. Choquette, Leander Parrott and Frank Kruszyna of Adams represented the municipal governments of the three communities nearest the mountain. Eight Who Recommended Site Eight of the 21 men and women who made up the special committee appointed by Gov. Allen In 1929 to study the slate war memorial commission and who subsequently recommended Mt. Qreylock as the site of the memorial to the state's, war dead which was today dedicated, we also there. They were Major Ebe S. Draper of Hopcdale, former sta senator; General Thomas F. Foley Worcester, Leo M. Harlow of Bos ton, past department commander c the American Legion; Robert V King of Springfield, Mrs. George V Knowlton of Upton, General Edwar L. Logan of Boston, Charles T. M< Carthy of Marlboro and John V Reth of Rosllndale, former state com mander of the American Legion. Many Distinguished Citizens Among the prominent figures military and clvlo life in the com monwealth who accepted Invitation were former Governor Frank G. A len and Mrs. Allen of Norwoox General Charles B. Wheeler and Ma Jor Thomas J. Norton of Plttsh'el John H, O'Connell of Plttsfleld, pas department commander of the Amer loan Legion; Wendell T. Phillips < Kllford, former Mayor Kelton B. Ml ler of Plttsfleld, editor and publlshe of the Berkshire Evening Eagle James A. Hardman of this pity, ed tor and publisher or the Transcript Major Alfred F. Ballot of Adam commander of the 3rd battalion 104th Infantry, Massachusetts na tlonal guard; C. W. Klmball of Bos ton, Axel B. Zettorman of Ashlani Samuel F. Rockwell of North An dover, whose late father was th member of the original Qreyloc Participate In Memorial Dedication Majestic Shaft -Crowns State's Loftiest Peak Massachusetts Memorial to Sons and Daughters Lost in War Unique for Its Design and Location— . Ninety-Three Foot Tower Surmounted by J3eacon Whose Rays Are Visible in Five States—Classic Shaft Remote From Human Contacts, is Yet Seen ' Daily by Thousands. reservation commission for whom th Rockwell road to the summit was named; J. A. Burbank of Plttsfleld former Mayor Ezra D. Whitaker o this city, George H. Hlggins of thi city, W. J. Shaw of Boston, J. G Roy of Springfield, Henry V. Quern sey of Qulncy, Mr. and Mrs. Winth rop Murray Crane of Dalton, Rich ard R. Flynn of Boston, Mr. and Mrs Samuel G. Colt of Plttsfleld am Major and Mrs. Charles W. Power o Plttsfleld. Organizations Represented The veterans' and patriotic organ! zations which sent delegations to rep resent thehi are We Berkshire coun ty chapter, Sons of the American devolution; state department, Amer .can Legion; state department, Amer lean Legion AuxlliarV; Berkshire county council, American Legion Adams post, American Legion; Amer loan War Mothers; Grand Army o the BepubUo; National Indian Wa veterans; Military Order of the Worl L war; 104th U, S. Infantry Veterans association; United Spanish Wa Veterans; state department. Veteran of Foreign Wars; state department Veterans of Foreign Wars Auxiliary Berkshire county council, Veterans of Foreign Wars; Disabled Amei can Veterans of the World war, and the Forty and Eight. Gov. Ely Accepts Shaft Honoring State's Martyrs (Continued From Page One) dreds of thousands more in cities and hamlets from coast to coast, the radio waves of a nation-wide hookup carried the words of Governor Ely and of Dr. Claude Moore Fuess headmaster of Phillies academy at Andover, former soldier, biographer and member of the Grey lock memorial commission who, while voicing a prayer for peace, eulogized the sublime service of those who died in war, In the principal oration of the day- Those Aiding In Program Col. William H. Eaton of Pittsfield, a gallant officer in the .World war, commander of the 390th field artillery <re«erve> regiment today, member of the original commission of 21 which recommended Oreylock as the cite for the memorial and chairman of the commission of three with Dr. Fue*s and W. H. Sperry of this city, which carried the project to completion, presided over the exercises and formally presented the memorial to the governor for Its dedication. Rev. Dr. Markham W. Stackpole of Milton, overseas chaplain of the 102nd field artillery regiment of the 26th (Yankee) division, gave the invocation, while Rev. Fr. Michael J. O'Connor of Framlngham, who served overseas as senior chaplain of the 26th division, pronounced the benediction. This evening as the shadows lengthen in the valleys over which the beacon (bines, the final tribute will be spoken in the full-throated roar of a squadron of army airplanes, speeding out of the east to dip their wings In a flier's salute and to drop flowers from the sky in memory of the ali corps members from Massachusetts who yielded up their lives In aerial combat during the World war. Many Gather Early Hours before the exercises were scheduled to begin at 8 o'clock this afternoon; people had begun to gather about the base of the majestic tower. Some of them rose from beds of boughs oh which they slept last night beneath the stars on the mountain top. Others tolled up the brush Uned and tree shaded foot paths, through the hot and heavy morning air to join them. Along the single motor road to the' summit, winding ttnr through pasture land, now ttrfouth wooded glades, finally between stout stone walls felow which ft precipice drops sheerly down to the floor of tht valley deep below, car after oar ]»bored"3uTlng the morning 'and early afternoon, carrying thi , fortunate holders'of the rare i\nfl [ M«*t«l MM*** (o tin r«jr7»tton, The dirt road up which they traveled was guarded at its beginning by a squad of state troopers who were but a small part of the detail of a half hundred assigned to duty for this occasion. Trooper* on Duly There at the entrance to the Rockwell road stood Capt. Robert p. Cande of Pittsfield, Junior executive officer of the 390th Field Artillery regiment, to scrutinize the pass of each driver who oppeared, his squad of troopers In their gay new uniforms aiding him. At points along the road other troopers were stationed. On the summit was another contingent, there to direct the parking of vehicles and to preserve order. They worked under the command of Lieut. William Shlmkus of the Northampton barracks, who had been detailed by the state commissioner of public safety, General Daniel Needham, when he personally directed the preparation of traffic and" parking arrangements. Traffic moved only up the mountain before the ceremony. The reservation had been closed to all cars since yesterday sf ternoon and today none were permitted to enter save those whose occupants held a pass. Once on the mountain they understood that they were there to remain until the ceremonies ended when they would be sent down in rotation over a road cleared for them. Not until the last car had left the reservation was the ros,d to be re-opened to general traffic. Adams Men Usher As the guests arrived on the mountain they found waiting to assist them to their places a detail of 10 past commanders of Adams post ot the American Legion, chosen because the Memorial stands within Adams territory. In charge of this usher platoon was Charles H. Hodecker of Pltts- fleld, formerly of Adams, and Alexander P. Jasperson, formerly of Pittsfield, now a sergeant-at-arms of the state senate. The Adams men •serving as ushers were Emll Rolvec, Isadore Reeves, William MCConnel), Cyril P. Meyette, Edgar Martin, James Kerr, Thomas P. Ryan, Earl Derosla, Andrew Nswlands and E. Leon Cadlgon. S«n Blisters Maintain Tey A blistering sun beat relentlessly down on the unshaded mountain top and upon the hundreds of men and women who dotted It as the ceremonies opened. Threatened storm) had not materialized, but neither had relief from the withering heat which has gripped this region for nearly a week. 'There was only a desultory breeie on the mountain which tern- oered but slinhUv the tierce hccrtor Governor Joseph B. Ely who accepted granite memorial for the Commonwealth; Col. William H. Eaton of Plttsfleld, chairman of the Memorial commission who turned it over to him; Dr. Claude M. Fuess. headmaster of Phllllps-Andover Academy and member of memorial commission, who delivered principal orallon, and William H. Sperry of this city, member of Greylock Reservation commission and associate of Col. Eaton and Dr. Fuess on Memorial commission. the sun and the intense humidity. Thin wisps of cloud, flung like trail- Ing veils, streaked the sky and the •valley below the mountain peak was seen through a light haze while to the > northwest ominous thunderheads piled up on the horizon. But from overhead the sun beat down sharp and merciless alike upon the heads of the distinguished guests who had approached the summit In chauffeur-driven cars, and the humble citizens who had- toUed up the mountain trails to pay their tribute. There was relief from the heat only within the chamber inside the base of the memorial; there the temperature was fully 20 degrees lower than outelde, but this chamber was not accessslble to those who had assembled for the ceremonies. Band dives Concert At 1 o'clock the 390th Field Artillery regiment band of Pittsfleld under the direction of Lieut. Alphonse V. Pelle- tler began a concert program which lasted for an hour. At the conclusion of this program, Col. Eaton mounted the little platform which had been erected on the steps leading to the memorial tower and formally opened the exercises, calling upon Rev. Dr. Stackpole for the invocation. Dr. Fuess then delivered the oration of the day, and after a band selection, Col. Eaton presented the memorial to Governor Ely who, in the commonwealth's name, accepted it and made the dedication n a brief address. As he concluded and the applause subsided, Rev. Fr. O'Connor stepped forward and with uplifted right hand pronounced the benediction. Therr, as the military men stood at salute and the heads of civilians were bared, the band played the national anthem to end the program. Col. Eaton's Remarks In his Introductory remarks and n presenting Dr. Fuess, Col. Eaton spoke as follows: : "Your Excellency and fellow citizens of the Commonwealth: 'Since the close ot the World war here have been several commissions appointed to consider and recommend to the legislature a suitable war memorial. It was not, however, until 1930 that the matter took definite form. This was during the administration of Governor Frank G. Allen who was firm in his belief that Massachusetts should Join with most of the other states of the union in an .pproprlate tribute to our veterans The commission of 21 appointed by him was unanimous in its recommendation to the legislature that a memorial be built on Mount Greylock he highest point of land in our commonwealth. One member of that ommisslon in particular, whose gra- ious presence we miss today, showed great Interest in the project from he day It was proposed. I refer to hat typical American sx>ld!er, that rlend of all New England, the late Major General Clarence R. Edwards. 'So this afternoon has been set part for the dedication of this me- norlal, the tribute of our commonwealth to those who gave their lives n the great causes In the history of ur country, beginning with the Rev- lutlonary war. It Is the first to be edicated to that purpose. "It is with satisfaction and deep eeling that the commission of three f your citizens appointed to erect It, irescnt this monument to your view. 'On behalf of the commission, you will be addressed by one of Its mem- jcrs, Dr. Claude M. Fuess, the offl- iat biographer of our honored citi- cn, the late President Coolldge, and he headmaster of Phillips academy f Andover. I take pleasure in tntro- uclng Dr. Fuess." Dr. Fness Gives Oration Dr. Fuess, In the principal oration f the c)ay, spoke as follows: Here on this elevated peak, the How Program Was Broadcast An unusual set-up was necessary, because of the absence of broadcasting facilities In this vicinity, to put the Greylock War memorial dedication ceremonies on the air this afternoon. A portable, short-wave transmitter was set up on the mountain and this sent the program to a similar short-wave receiver established near the Zylonite depot of the Boston <fc Albany railroad at the base of the mountain. From there the broadcast was carried over two Western Union wires to the WBZ studio In Springfield and thence re-broadcast over the nation-wide NBC long-wave hook-up. When it was found that other telegraph wires on. the same line were causing Induction In the broadcast clrcult,_all Western Union wires along the B. & A. railroad were dlsconrifecetd between this city and Plttsfleld and connections were made with other wires through Albasy and Chatham, N. Y., to Plttslield. This was the first radio program ever to originate in Northern Berkshire. ilghest spot in Massachusetts, amid he beauty and calm of a Berkshire unc, wars, and even the rumors of ara, seem very remote. In our com- lonwealth, where law and order elgn, we are accustomed to feel that ur citizens are safe, if not from the ements, from epidemics, and from he bludgeonlngs of chance, at least rom any marau&ng foe. It is long nee a Massachusetts resident hns aeen disturbed by invasion. Omit- ng riots and minor Insurrections, lood was shed In open and organ- ed warfare on Massachusetts soil or the last .time on January 25, f87, when three followers of the lalcontent, General Daniel Shays, ere killed in a clash with the militia ear Ludlow. Within our borders we ave had almost alt of security. century and Such Immunity om,attack is one of our most ac- ptflble blessings, especially for our Ives and children."On the other hand, our Massa- husetts men have not always been occupied with quiet pursuits. They ave been under arms in many con- cts since the Pilgrims first landed n our shores, and thousands of em—so many that their number annot be accurately estimated— ave given upfHelr lives In battle. o them this imposing memorial Is edicated hero today. Never a Good War It has been said, with some truth, at there nevpr was a good war or a ad. peace. Lei me remind you, How- ever, that the motives of these sol dlers and sailors of Massachusetts were usually commendable, and tha but for them and what they did, ou world would be vastly different. Thi early skirmishes with the Indians beginning with the assault, on Augus 14, 1621. by 10 Inhabitants of Ply mouth on Chief Corbitant and his braves, were prompted by sclf-pres- ervatlon. The encounters during thi nth century between white men am red men In the Connecticut valley were deplorable; but they were Nature's method of replacing one culture by another, presumably more advanced. Sooner or later under the circumstances the European settlers and the aborigines had to come to the grapple. There was no other solution. If the whites had not won Plltsfleld and North Adams and Wll- llamstown would never have been built up. "It Is unnecessary before this audience to dwell on the alms of English-speaking colonists In resisting the attempts of France to domlnati this continent, or 'on the polltlca philosophy which Impelled Washington and his fellow-patriots to fight for what they thought was liberty One war kept the colonies Anglo- Saxon; the other made them American. If it had not been for whal happened In 1759 on the plains of Abraham or In 1777 at Saratoga, we might still be members of a French dependency Instead of citizens of a free commonwealth. "We may pass hurriedly over the second war with England and the Mexican -war. Indeed there are some scrupulous historians who wish that they might be forgotten altogether, As a state, Massachusetts was not much concerned with either one Public sentiment throughout New England did not favor hostilities In 1812 and did not welcome with enthusiasm the invasion of Mexico In 1847. The popular heroes of the two wars—Andrew Jackson and Zachary Taylor—were from the western frontier. But Massachusetts men did fall at Lundy's Lane and Chapultepec, and they ought not to be forgotten. Tribute to Civil War Dead When we reach the Civil war, however, another story must be told. President Lincoln's call to arms was issued on April 16, 1861. Massachu setts, according to James Ford Rhodes, was the one Northern state 'fully ready for the emergency,' and, on the following morning, the Sixth Massachusetts regiment, completely equipped with rifles, was' on its way to Washington. Four days later they were assailed by a mob In Baltimore and several of their number were killed—the first Massachusetts men to die In that conflict. Of her share in the battles that ensued, our commonwealth Is Justly proud. Many a family In Cambridge and Northampton and Stockbridge still cherishes the memory of a relative who shed his blood at Chancellorsvllla or Cold Harbor. Opinions may differ as to the necessity of the war between Nor,th and; but no one can deny that it established for all time the principle of a federal union laid down so effectively by Daniel Webster. "The Spanish war can be mentioned only briefly, not because it did not have Its heroes ond its triumphs, but because It was so overshadowed by the storm clouds of the World war. The tale of the part played by Massachusetts men under General Pershlng's direction has been adequately told in more than one thick volume. It is not drawing invidious distinctions to refer to the achievements of the Yankee division, led by the late-lamented General Edwards, which served in the battle line for a total of 210 days, which had a casualty list of more than 15,000, and out of which more than a thousand sons of Massachusetts lost their lives. As M what the World war accomplished—whether It did 'make the world safe for democracy or was really 'the war to end war'—we must leave that for posterity to decide. \ye are too near it ourselves to reach any fair conclusion. A Tribute to Cearage "The Inception of this war age, endurance, loyalty and self-sacrifice, wherever these qualities have been shown by Massachusetts men and women In the uniform of state or nation. "It Is possible that some may doubt the propriety of such a memorial. Some sincere pacifists,believe that all praise of things military should be avoided lest It arouse a martial mood in the young. Yet whatever we may feel as to the inefflcacy of war as a means of adjusting disputes between nations we cannot Ignore the past. For countless generations it never occurred to men to question the Inevitability, even the attractiveness, of war. The savages of the Stone Age, the cities of the Greek peninsula, the feudal states of the Renaissance, all trained their youths for the army, and mothers filled the minds of their sons with stories which would Incite them to Illustrious deeds. A whole literature was produced about Leonl- das and his Spartan comrades who held the pass at Thermopylae and about Horatlus j 'Who kept the bridge so well In the brave days of old.' In those times the men had to be valiant if the family,.the tribe, the state were to survive. War And Its Glamor "There was, furthermore, a superficial glamour about war In a period when it Involved personal combat, the clash of one warrior with another, of Achilles with Hector. The spectacle of Sohrab, the Tartar, meeting Rustum, the Persian leader, In a duel before the two armies on the banks of the Oxus makes any heart beat faster as It is described In the sonorous verse of Matthew Arnold. Even in comparatively recent days we have the sensational charge of the Light Brigade at Balaclava, so vividly portrayed by Tennyson: 'Flash'd all their sabres bare.. Flash'd as they turn'd in air Sabring the gunners there, Charging an army, while All the world wonder'd.' We have the incredibly audacious, incredibly futile attack of Burhslde's troops up Marye's heights at Fred- erlcksburg. We have that most dramatic of all hopeless efforts, the charge of Pickett's corps at Gettysburg—the solemn hush on a July morning, like the silence of e. churchyard, the long resounding roll of cannon, and finally the forward movement across an open field, led by Pickett himself, 'with his Jaunty cap raked well over his rght ear, and his long auburn locks, nicely dressed, hanging almost to his shoulders,' in defiance of danger and of death. "Whatever romance wars have possessed, however, has now largely disappeared. It has become more sclen- ,lflc and more business-like. The waving banners, the blare of trum- jets, the gorgeous uniforms were not apparent to the soldiers of the Yankee division. Trench warfare was to hem more dull than picturesque. It Is difficult to derive much of a thrill from shooting at an Invisible foe. So war has become Just another tough ob. It certainly required more real stamina to get up in the cold dawn and go over the top than It did to make the last stand at Waterloo. The >oung men who enlisted so enthusiastically in 1917 soon found that hey were embarked on no pleasure expedition; and they came, most of them, preaching the gospel so wen pKrased by President McKln- ley when he declared, 'War should never be entered upon until every agency of peace has failed.' "No one needs, then, to tell our generation that wars are wasteful, cruel and often unavailing. We have been shown that they deplete the world of its richest manhood and that, even when they accomplish something, the price in blood and treasure is too great to pay. In the end the ballot Is more powerful than the bullet. War Brings Oat Best "Why, then, this monument; Because, with all Its horrors and Its devastation, war has brought out In men certain sturdy virtues. First ot .—...._- _ .,_ a'll, It has fostered the love of ad- mortal came from public-spirited, venture, the impulse which drives rrateful people who wished In dignl- people on to resolute exploits, to second place, war does foster In mankind a willingness for self-sacrifice Like most of you, I am theoretically a pacifist, in the true sense of that much-abused word. Yet I cannot help trusting the instinct which tel.'s me that the healthy citizen who, when his country or his principles are In danger, refuses to risk his life and fortune Is unworthy of the name of man. In the third place, most of those to whom this tower Is dedicated had In their soul, without being loquacious about it, a lofty Ideal- Ism, a devotion to something clean and noble. I have In mind acquaintances, who, In 1917 and 1918, IcK home and occupation and all that they held dear and enlisted merely because an inspiring purpose stirred their loyalty. Illogical they may have been. Unwise they probably were from a practical viewpoint. But if they had not gone, they would have been untrue to themselves. Honors Men of All Sorts "Those who are here commemorated represent all sorts and conditions of men. There was not space to display all their names. But they came from various racial stocks, moved in different strata of society, professed different religious creeds. Some were poor in money and In love; others were blessed with goods and friends. Some were privates In the ranks guided blindly to a fate which they could not prophesy or perceive; others were officers, who frequently moved to a destruction which they knew to be unescapable. One recalls, as ho turns the pages of history, that stalwart figure, General Joseph Warren, struck In the head by a musket- bail at Bunker's hill; the aristocratic Colonel Robert Gould Shaw, slain while leading his colored troops to the assault on Fort Wagner; and Tom Ashley, graduate of Amherst, with the blood of the Mayflower pilgrims in his veins, who at Belleau Wood, In charge of a machine-gun battery, shouted to his men, 'Come onl Follow meP rushed Impetuously upon the Germans, and dropped riddled with shrapnel. One thinks also of the sailors who sustained the prestige of .he flag in many naval engagement*, .md whose exploits adorn our annals. But whether they were officers or privates, whether they were rich or poverty-stricken, they were blended by love of their fatherland, and we pay them honor, here and now. "Vie Will Remember Them" In the future, of course, unless civilization turns definitely backward, war will disappear. Nations will learn after bitter experience how to adjust controversies by arbitration and how to employ conciliation in place of force. But eyen then this memorial will, we trust, still remain, In approval of some ot the virtues which war developed—the zest for adventure, the capacity for sacrifice, the devotion to exalted ideals- qualities which were displayed, often to,a supreme degree, by those in whose honor this beacon has been erected. " 'They shall not grow old as we that are left grow old; Age shall not weary them, nor the years condemn. At the going down of the sun and In the morning We will remember them.' " Memorial Is Presented In making the formal presentation of the memorial to the governor, Col. Eaton said: Your Excellency, provision was made In Chapter 411 of the Resolves of 1930 for the construction of "this memorial in memory of Massachusetts men and women who have served our country In time of war. The money at first appropriated did not prove to be sufficient to complete the memorial as designed. It was largely thrdugh your wise recommendation to the legislature and your realization of the importance to the commonwealth of the completion of the project as originally planned, that our commission of three appointed by Governor Allen and continued by you, was able to carry out the sacred task assigned to It. "In accordance with this legislation, the commission entrusted the designing of the memorial to Charles D. Maglnnls of the firm of Ma gin n Is & Walsh of Boston and its execution to John O. Roy <te Sons company of Springfield. It now stands before you a complete and enduring tribute to those who gave their lives for state and country. Its inner shrine is symbolic of the enobllng example of those patriots who gave their ail an* Its light will shine out through the darkness as a tribute to their memory. Since the World war many war memorials have been erected by the nation, the states and the municipalities of this country, but the Massachusetts memorial on Mount Greylock, to the men and women of this state who gave their lives for their country In time of war which was dedicated this afternoon Is one of the most unusual, both as to design and location, of any of them. Standing In majestic dignity upon the highest promontory within the confines of the Commonwealth this great monument of granite blocks, rugged to harmonize with Its surroundings yet not lacking the reserve and classic austerity required lor its purpose as a memorial, this great monument of granite blocks sweeps towards the heavens to the height of S3 feet to support the ever-burning beacon, the clear white light of which Is visible for a distance of 70 miles and in five states. Design Imposing The monument itself Is of a simple yet Imposing design. The Immediate base is formed by a balustraded terrace. Upon tills platform rests the simple circular base of the monument on which are carved the names of the wars In which Massachusetts has taken a part. From this plinth the great curving shaft, which alone Is 80 feet In height, sweeps majestically upward. This shaft Is crested with a bold design immediately below which are eight classic frieze- framed openings which not only give a fitting accent to the memorial at this point, but also serve as lookout windows for the observatory commanding a remarkably extensive and beautiful panorama of the Berkshires. Within the crown forme i by the cresting at the top of tlie shaft emerges the stem upon which rests the great ball of light, 10 feet in diameter. Chamber for War Relics Within the base of the memorial Is a small domed, shrine-like chamber of white marble which contains memorial tablets and will hold relics of famous war units in the history of the state. The walls and celling of this chamber are decorated with beautiful and appropriate designs In mosaic. Access to tlie stairway lead- Ing to the observatory has been arranged so that visitors do not have to pass through the chamber unless they so desire. Inscription Over Portal Just over the entrance to the monument Is the dedication inscription carved in classic letters and surmounted by the seal of the Commonwealth. The . Inscription • reads: Erected by Massachusetts in grateful recognition ot the loyalty and sacrifice of her sons and daughters In war." The entire monument is constructed of a beautiful shade of gray granite all of which was cut from Massachusetts quarries. Perhaps the most unique thing about the memorial is its location. Nine miles by road from the nearest habitation It stands In solitary grandeur remote from daily Jium an contact yet visible at ail times to the eyes of thousands of people. I Ice Farces Pinnacle Change The great ball of light Is illuminated by 13 cleverly arranged searchlights and 12 flood lights. After com* pletlng the construction of the monument it was decided to top the beacon with a pinnacle, which was not called for in the original plans. As » result of this decision a sharp, 16- foot-iong pinnacle was attached to the top of the beacon. During the winter, however, it was found that: the heavy ice which accumulated on^ this pinnacle was very apt to drop olf during thaws and smash the glass of tlie beacon. The 16-foot pinnacle was therefor removed and tha smaller pinnacle, standing about sia feet In height, which now may ba seen gracing the extreme top of ths great monument, was put in Its place, Governor Ely, who had gone earlles In the week from Boston to his home in Weslfield, drove directly from, there to the summit arriving a shorB time before the exercises were scheduled to begin. Other state officials who were to witness the ceremony and those participating In It appeared from time to time during the early afternoon. The Idea of erecting such a memorial on the slate's loftiest peak waa conceived about four years ago when a special commission which had been \ created at Boston was considering Ideas for a state war memorial. | Plunkett Early Advocate , Senator Theodore R. Plunkett ot Adams who was then chairman ot the board of selectmen ot that town and head of the state association ot. selectmen was one of the first to tako up the idea and he traveled from onol end of the Commonwealth to the other laying it before official, clvlo! and patriotic bodies which he successively Influenced to endorse it.' The Idea finally had impressive backing before the state war memorial commission and as a result it submitted a report recommending that) the state spend $100,000 on such ai, memorial as a tribute to those who t had given their lives in war, and *!,-< 000,000 on another memorial in tha Charles river basin In Boston to honor all Massachusetts men and women who served In time of war. The million dollar general memorial Idea was killed in the legislature but the Greylock memorial to tho state's war martyrs was approved tmd the appropriation was granted, Frarik G. Allen who was then governor and signed the appropriation bill was among those invited as special guests to be present today. Subsequently another (100,000 was added to the appropriation to complete the memorial. The commission appointed to direct its construction was, composed of Col. William H. Eaton of Pittsfleld, distinguished as a manufacturer and soldier; Dr. Claude M. Fuess, now headmaster of Phllllps- Andover academy, a noted biographer and a war veteran, and William.' H. Sperry of this city as the chair- ' man and the representative of the Qreylock Reservation commission. The firm of Maglnnls and Walsh of Boston designed the memorial and the firm of J. O. Roy A Son company of Springfield was the builder. Would Place Monument Under State Custodian Governor Ely Sends Back to Senate Bill Providing for < Permanent Maintenance of Greylock War Memorial With Request That Tower and A'djacent Grounds be Left in Charge of State Conservation; Commissioner Instead of Reservation Board—* Sperry Sees Latter Group Displeased. led fashion to express their admiration and respect for those brave soldiers and sailors who answered the call or country—and who did not come U*ck. But this 1« not, I repent, exclusively a World war memorial. It te Intended to to a tribute to cout- cHmb Mount Everest, to seek the South pole, to sail beyond the sunset. To many of us there will always be something sublime about any who goes out, open-eyed and frald, to face death, even tlwugff his nav ta toolhwdy. la Ui« man una- "It Is my high privilege as chairman of the commission charged with the responsibility of the erection of this memorial to report to your excellency the completion of the work entrusted to our care and to deliver t to you as chief executive of our commonwealth with the hope that it will ever be a symbol to the present generation and those wM> come after, of the deep reverence In which Massachusetts holds those who gave their lives that freedom and Justice "Mount Greylock Is now the seat ot a memorial erected by the tax moneys of Massachusetts to the soldiers who have given their lives in the service of their country. It is more than a local Institution and should be brought under the reasonable control of a definitely constituted department of the state government." The above is part of a message sent to the Senate by Governor Joseph B. Ely In which he recommends that the bill providing for the permanent maintenance by .the commonwealth ot the Mount Qreylock war memorial and adjacent grounds be amended to place the monument under the charge of the commissioner of conservation instead of In charge of the Greylock reservation commission, as was originally planned. In sending back the bill with the suggested amendments Governor Ely also said; "I am not unmindful of the devoted and conscientious service of the Greylock reservation commission, and I do not wish to lose that service." William H. Sperry of this city; chairman of the reservation commission and a member of the Massachusetts war memorial commission, said that the former body would not be pleased by the governor's sugges-* lion. The reservation-commissioners had confidently looked forward toj caring for the monument, he said, and had not expected any objection to this plan. Mr. Sperry explained that the war memorial commission had caused the bill to be filed delegating custody to the Greylock reservation board, believing it only right that they' should have charge of the monument; since they control everything else on the reservation. The memorial commission had received unofficial assurance from the Slate House that the bill would go through and Governor Ely's attitude on the matter comes as a disappointing surprise to Its members. rnlKht prevail. "They death." were faithful even unto • (Concluded on Pun Six) JAYNE'S 4th of July Special FINE LARGE WATERMELONS 50c each Sand Springs Ginger Ale £2.59 case and bottle* 80 $3.09 * Fr**h P«a* FreftrBeeU Fancy Tomatoe* 3 Ibt. 2Sc Sc bunch 2 Ib*. 19c

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