BLYTHEVILLE COURIER NEWS THE DOMINANT NEWSPAPER OP NORTHEAST ARKANSAS AND SOUTHEAST MISSOURI VOL. L—NO. 145 Blytheville Courier Blytheville Daily News Mississippi Valley Leader Blytheville Herald BLYTHEVILLE, ARKANSAS, SATURDAY, SEPTEMBER 11, 1954 TEN PAGES Published Daily Except Sunday SINGLE COPY FIVE CENTS Calmness Settles Over Quemoy But Nationalist Guns Continue To Pound Reds By SPENCER MOOSA QUEMOY (AP) — Exploding Communists' shells and the threat of a Red invasion have brought few changes to this tiny Nationalist island stronghold just off the China coast. Farmers calmly till their fields, scarcely glancing up as occasional shells land with a dull boom a few miles away. Heavy military trucks roar down fine new highways, whizzing past tiny ponies carrying farmers riding comfortably in baskets strapped on either side. Almost everyone celebrated the Moon Festival yesterday. Yet the Nationalist garrison com- At the Task, But He Finally Is Relaxing By MARVIN L. ARROWSMITH DENVER (AP) — President Eisenhower is having to work at relaxing these days, which for him is something new. says the Reds have 100,000 Russian-equipped mander massed troops—up to 40,000 of them Korean veterans—within 50 miles of Quemoy. Newsmen Inspect A group of 20 newsmen who flew here from Taipeh for an on-the- spot inspection found few signs of alarm and the commander of 30,000 Nationalist defenders said he doubts the Reds will risk an invasion of this island, focal point of a "vest pocket war" since Sept. 3. Maj. Gen. William Chase, head of the U. S. Military Assistance Advisory Group to Nationalist China, arrived this morning. Informed sources said Chase's arrival tends to confirm reports that the United States has a strong interest in the Nationalists retaining control of Quemoy. The newsmen watched Nationalist big guns bombard the mainland a few miles to the West, even as Nationalist warplanes streaked "across Formosa Strait to rain bombs on Amoy and other Red bases for the sixth straight day. The Nationalist Defense Ministry in Taipeh said the planes again teamed up with xvarships to hammer artillery positions from which the Communists have bombarded Quemoy. A special communique said planes yesterday destroyed seven army strong-points at Cingyu Island, a satellite of the big base at Amoy, and destroyed three barracks at White Stone Fortress. Returning pilots reported dense smoke rolling up 2,000 feet ove^r the Amoy area, the communique said. Not Challenged In six days of attacks the Nationalist air force has not been challenged by Communist fighters. The Chinese Communist radio at Peiping said one Nationalist plane was shot down and one was damaged in yesterday's attacks on Amoy. The broadcast said two waves of attacking planes dropped, nine bombs. Peiping also claimed that Communist big guns silenced a battery of Nationalist howitzers on Little Quemoy. The broadcast didn't say when the action occurred. Gen. Liu Yu-chuang, Nationalist commander of Quemoy, told visiting newsmen that about 10,000 shells have been fired at Quemoy from Soviet-made guns since Sept. 3 — with 6,000 fired in a five- hour bombardment which opened the attack. Even casual visitors were impressed by the apparent high spirits of Nationalist troops. Many appeared even somewhat cocky. Meanwhile, Nationalist officials in Taipeh warned that foreign ships entering Amoy Harbor do so at their own risk. The British freighter Inchkilda was bombed and strafed by Nationalist planes attacking Amoy earlier this week. It sustained only minor damage and no casualties. All during the last dozen years through all the high tension of World War n, the building of the North Atlantic Treaty organization and then the presidency, Eisenhower's knack of being able to "get away from it all" for a few hours has amazed his friends. They have told time and again of how while on the golf course, for example, he seemed to be able to forget completely for 18 holes all the troubles of the day. Worries Slip Away And those who watched him in a Colorado trout stream just two weesk ago could almost see his worries over world problems slip away for the time being. Such things as golf and fishing and bridge and an hour with his easel and oil paints still relax the President, and he has been turning to all of these hobbies since he arrived in Colorado for a work and play vacation Aug. 21. But his friends say that this summer the chief executive is finding it a real job to take it easy \ and put his cares temporarily out] of mind. They say he came out! here from Washington "tied in a knot," and that only now is he beginning to let go a bit. To help-him relax, the President and Mrs. Eisenhower have entertained a group of old friends at a downtown hotel two evenings this week. They inson of New York; Freeman Gosden, Amos of the radio Amos and Andy team; John Jay, Jock Whitney, New York; T. R. Garlington, Atlanta, Ga.: Clarence J. Schoo of Springfield, Mass.; Ed Dudley, golf pro at a club in nearby Colorado Springs and also at the. Augusta National Club; and W. Al-1 ton Jones, board chairman of the Cities Service oil and gasoline firms. Jones, Whitney and Schoo are accompanied by their wives, and LIFE LINES FROM WRECKED HOTEL — Many of the occupants of the Hotel Baudouin in Orleansville, Algeria, escaped down Mrs. Eisenhower has been spend- theSe knotted sheets hanging from balconies after the building was ing quite a bit of time with the ladies during the day as well as in the evenings. shattered by an earthquake which is still rocking northern Algeria. (A? Wirephoto via radio from Paris) W. Germany Will Joirt''.^ 1 * Tremors Again Jar City In North Africa have been evenings of reminiscing, of light talk and of bridge playing after dinner. The President reportedly has enjoyed them tremendously. Governor Holds Party Tonight Gov. and Mrs. Dan Thornton of Colorado will be hosts to the President and the First Lady and the same group of their friends at a dinner party, Most of the friends are from out of town. Among those here now are Cliff Roberts, New York, board chairman of the Augusta National Golf Club in Georgia; William E. Rob- Eden Begins West German Arming Talks LONDON (ffl — British Foreign Secretary Anthony Eden flew to Brussels today to begin talks with European leaders on plans to rearm West Germany. Eden will visit four West European capitals and confer with the foreign ministers of Belgium, Holland, Luxembourg, Italy, West Germany and France. Eden told newsmen that he was not carrying "any grand new panacea" as an alternative to the defunct European Defense Community plan which was killed by the French National Assembly. "But we have got some ideas." Eden said. "My intention is to put these to some of the statesmen who signed the EDC treaty and to hear what they have to say." Eden's trip has been described by the Foreign Office this way: "To establish personal contact with responsible ministers ... To explain to them the views of her majesty's governmento n the situation (created by the French rejection of EDC) and to learn from them their views at first hand." BONN, Germany (AP) — Chancellor Konrad Adenauer, appealing for public confidence in Ms policies on the eve oJ key state elections, declared last night a free West Germany would join the Atlantic Alliance. Tomorrow's election in Schles- ment in Bonn last night calling Edna Rages Toward New England Coast By CHARLES E. MERCER NEW YORK (AP) — Hurricane Edna raged toward the eastern tip of Long Island today where landsmen felt the first thrust of its fury since its birth many days ago far down in the Caribbean. At 10 a.m. EDT, the center of the storm's 125-mile-an-hour winds was charted 100 miles south of Montauk Point, the tip of Long Island 125 miles east of New York City. McCarthy Defends Blast at Flanders WASHINGTON (AP) — Sen. McCarthy said today he had "a perfect right" to call Sen. Flanders (R-Vt) "senile'* in response to ''obscenities" McCarthy said Flanders leveled at him. Back on the witness stand for puts him in no special category off another day of cross-examination the Senate floor." at Neumuenster, a rally of 7,000 Cattlemen Ask For More Aid DENVER (&)— The National Cattlemen's Asociation is asking the federal government to give emergency drought aid to Arkansas farmers "at no or very low cost." The Association adopted a resolution asking the federal government to declare all of Arkansas a disaster area and supply feed and seed to the state's fanners. The council also urged the government to buy low-grade beef immediately "to pick up the slack in prices." 'Copter Rescues Arkansas Pilot TOKYO (£>)—A Thunderjet pilot was picked up from Japan's Lake Ogaware uninjured in a night rescue after his plane crashed last night, the Air Force said. The rescued pilot, 1st Lt. Roderick Griffin, Magnolia, Ark., was forced to ditch his plane over the water and stayed afloat in his Mae West until a helicopter piloted by 1st Lt. Richard E. Tesche, Lenexa, Kan., picked him from the water. wig-Holstein State will test the 78- year-old chancellor's leadership for the first time since the French National Assembly knocked out the European army plan, cornerstone of his pro-Western foreign policy. Campaigning Adenauer told Christian Democratic followers that West Germany — once it is granted sovereignty — would be prepared to join the North Atlantic Treaty Organization. He said he shared the British view that a new pact to take the place of the defunct European Defense Community would "take too long to work out." He did not mention the possibility the . French might also block German membership in NATO. Later he declared in an interview in the Kiel newspaper Kieler Nachrichien: "The federal government can aim toward the reunification of Germany and present its policy in international affairs clearly only if it knows that the public is solidly behind it." Opposition Strong "You voters/ 5 he said, "are part of public opinion and undoubtedly the whole world will watch the election closely to see how you will express your opinions." Some political observers predict the opposition Socialists will beat Adenauer's Christian Democrats although the latter got 41.3 per cent of the vote in the state in last year's national elections. Adenauer said the West German government would not veer from its present policy which he said had resulted in economic and social improvement for the nation. "We will not," he promised, "take a crooked road." Meanwhile, political difficulties continued to pile up for Adenauer. The right-wing Free Democrats, second largest party in his four- party government, issued a state- upon the chancellor to accept "the necessary consequences within the government" of the latest foreign and internal political developments. This was interpreted as a demand that Adenauer give up the foreign ministry portfolio he has held since he took office five years ago. It also was considered a de- man for the resignation of Interior Minister Gerhard Schroeder. He has been under fire for alleged mishandling of affairs after Otto John, turncoat chief of counter-espionage, went over to the Communists. Maxine Halstead Is NCPC Parade Theme Winner Miss Maxine Halstead, 1137 West Ash, today was announced as winner of the $10 awarded for supplying a theme for the 1954 National Cotton Picking Contest parade. Her winning entry was "Cotton —Past, Present and Future." A panel of judges selected the winner from more than 30 entries. All floats in the parade will be built around this theme. Parade Chairman Bob Warren pointed out. To prevent duplication of efforts, groups entering floats should clear their ideas through Mr. Warren, ivho may be contacted by telephoning 3-6161. UN Fails To Act on A X"»|--^ I . ir Clash UNITED NATIONS, N. Y. (.?» — The U. N. Security Council adjourned lats night without taking any action on an investigation into the shooting down of an American bomber off Siberia by Russian More Damage Felt by Battered Orleansriile ORLEANSVILLE, Algeria (.•?! — Earth tremors rocked this quake- shattered North African city today—48 hours after the disasterous jolt which killed an estimated 1,000 persons. The latest shocks caused more damage to the already smashed Disaster directors there the Montauk highway inundated by the rising waters of the Atlantic and the tip of the island cut off. About 500 persons had been evacuated from the Montauk area by . early today, said Charles Mansir, head of the Red Cross disaster unit in East Hampton. The winds were rising fast and the ocean was white an combing on the long beaches. Along the coast people felt the backlash of the"storm as its fringes brought heavy rains and battering winds. New York Drenched By 9:30 a.m. New York City was drenched by 4.48 inches of rain, the heaviest fall since 1909 when 5.05 inches fell in a 24-hour period. The record for a 24-hour period in New York is 6.17 inches, set on Sept. 23, 1882. There were flooded highways, fallen trees and transportation delays in all parts of the city. Seven storm deaths were reported. Six lost their lives in accidents by the special Senate committee investigating censure charges brought against him by Flanders, McCarthy readily agreed he had, ! applied the word "senile" to Flan- I ders. "There's no doubt I considered him senile a.nd referred to him as fsenile," McCarthy said. He added he considered he had "a perfect right to say I thought he was senile," and declared that *'being a -United States senator and crumbling leans ville and buildings of Or- made movement fighters Sept. 4. Henry Cabot Lodge Jr., chief U. S. delegate, and Russia's Andrei Y. Vishinsky engaged in a bitter exchange. Vishinsky served notice the Soviet Union would refuse to allow the Security Council to conduct any investigation into the plane incident, no matter what the Council said about his right to vote against an investigation. The Soviet delegate also denied Lodge's charge that his country claimed the right to shoot down planes over the open sea. He said the Neptune bomber, out on a weather patrol when it was shot down, was over Soviet territory. He added that Russia will defend its territory against any "peeping planes." Lodge argued that the plane was sha11 - . chief le § al counsel for the i over international ocean territory! National Association for the Ad- and the nine other members ac-! vancement of Colored People, says through its streets increasingly hazardous. The first shock came shortly after midnight. Heavier tremors were felt at about 3 a. m. and continued at irregular intervals. Despite the anxiety caused by the new quakes, Orleansville made an .attempt this morning to restore normal activity. A few shops opened for business and some citizens resumed their usual occupations. An Algerian official said the known dead from Thursday's disaster now stood at more than 600 d continued' to mount as the grim count went on. At least 1,000 others were injured in the 12-second shock that virtually wrecked Orleansville and surrounding villages. Rescue workers were menaced by continuing tremors which threatened to collapse quake damaged buildings.- The seismographic institutes of Algiers counted 69 mild shocks since the devastating quake struck. Meanwhile, Orleansville's town hall and other public buildings were turned into chapels housing he caskets of the identified dead. Unidentified bodies have been placed on view for possible recognition. Worst Over For New York NEW YORK UB — The New York Weather Bureau said that the nation's largest city had seen the worst of its share of hurricane Edna by 11 a.m. today. By that hour 4:.82 inches of rain had fallen and the city had been buffeted by sustained winds of 30 to 40 miles an hour and occasional gusts of up to 57 miles an hour. Ernest J. Christie, chief meteorologist, said at that hour that "we do not expect the storm to be any worse in New York City." ; • - • Christie said wind and rain were expected to continue for two or three hours. There were instances of flooded streets and sewers and delayed transportation throughout the city. More Polio Fund 'Equality Not in Court Decree 7 ST. LOUS UP) ~ Thurgood Mar- on highways made hazardous by storm conditions. The seventh person was a Chatham, Mass, official who died of a heart attack suffered amid preparations for the hurricane: All along tne coast and far inland New Englanders braced themselves for the fury of the storm. Although prepared, New England heard a word of hope from Naval headquarters at Newport, R.I., where storm charters said the storm might pass east of Nantucket and not turn its full force on the coast. Power Lines Down Meanwhile, torrential rains and. heavy winds pounded the New England coast ahead of the hurricane. Some power lines were knocked See HURRICANE on Page 10 ' Check for 56,000 Received to Help Pay for Treatments Additional financial aid from the National Foundation for Infantile Paralysis was received yesterday by the Mississippi County Chapter. A. S. (Todd) Harrison said a check for S6.000 was sent the county chapter by the national organization to help pay patient aid bills. "This help, which is not enough to cover all the chapter's outstanding bills, nevertheless points up the fact that the March of Dimes, while facing a financial crisis itself, is doing the best it can to help pay patient aid bills," Mr. Harrison said. "This emergency aid comes at a time when the National Foundation counts on funds raised in the current Emergency March of Dimes to redeem fully its pledge to all polio patients," he said. The money will be used to help pay for treatment already given pa- ients here this year. Mr. Harrison explained that the national foundation's funds have been exhausted by a heavy patient load plus costs of doubling the supply of gamma globulin and the tests of the new Salk vaccine. This year's national drive fell S20 J million short of its goal. Mr. Harrison said patient care bills still outstanding will be paid out of the county's share of contributions to the emergency fund drive. the Supreme Court decision alone is powerless to make desegregation "a living reality." Marshall, in a speech before the National Baptist Convention U.S.A., a Negro church group, said yesterday: "Regardless of legal decisions it is only through continuing faith and mutual .effort on a high moral TOKYO Ifl — Typhoon June, an P lane at the community level that ' the goal of equality can be perman- cepted his statement. Lodge suggested that the World Court take over adjudication of., the dispute which he said was the latest of a pattern of unprovoked attacks on American planes since 1950. Typhoon Heads fast enormous storm with winds of up to 120 miles on hour at its center, -eered eastward today and weather experts said it would miss the U. S. base of Okinawa. ently established." Marshall termed the desegregation ruling a "challenge to those who profess Christianity to demon The island battened down for the! strate the sincerity of their be- big blow, but the Air Force said i h'efs." ate today winds of no more than 0 miles an hour would hit Okinawa. Free Wiggle Advised GLASGOW, Scotland (ft—A noted foot expert has urged Britain's Queen Elizabeth n to let her toes wiggle freely and thus start a fashion for sensible shoes. He said film star Rita Hay worth could help, too. N. Derrick England, senior lecturer at London Foot Hospital, declared: "Few have a greater af- fectio onr admiration than I have for the Queen. But how I wish she would give a sensible lead in worn- Fayetteville First School District In Confederate South to Integrate en's footwear. will'::' *^ ':•"'•, Women would be FAYETTEVILLE, Ark. etteville yesterday became the first school district in the Confederate South to integrate Negroes and whites into the public schools as five Negro girls enrolled with the sophomores for the fall term. Three more Negroes are expected to enter the high school Monday when Junior and Senior classes register. They will attend their first classes Tuesday. Friendly Greeting: The district's program of gradual' integration will be expanded next year to include the junior high school. Yesterday about 50 white students milled around the school corridors gretting their Negro classmates with the same friendly manner which they had shown white students. There was no sign of disapproval. The fact that they were breaking one of Dixie's oldest and most than anyone else," her much more j prized traditions \vas ,"...: *pted by with an air of indifference. The Negro pupils are Roberta and Elnora Lackey, Mary Mae Blackburn, Virginian Lee Smith and Laverne Cook. Arkansas law requires a segregated school system, but the May 17 decision of the United States Supreme Court outlawing segregation in the public schools gave the board the legal right to integrate. The Supreme Court decision overrides ' the Arkansas statute, State Atty. Gen. Tom Gentry ruled. Delay Asked The self-governing school districts in Arkansas have been asked by the state's department of education and Gov. Francis Cherry to maintain segregation until the Supreme Court hands down a decree putting its order into effect. Fayetteville's school superintendent Wayne White says there has been no organized opposition to the schools plans for integration. both Jfegre and whit* student*' said tt>.e decision bas m«t with al-1 problem, most unanimous approval. White said he has received 40 letters since the decision was announced, and only one has opposed the plan. "That one person lives in Oklahoma," he said. Fayetteville has a population of about 10,000 and a Negro population of 400. No Problem Negro children previously have been sent to high school in Fort Smith or Hot Springs. Traveling distance to Fort Smith is 63 miles, and to Hot Springs, more than 200. Transportation, tuition fees and room and board cost the school district $5,000 annually, White said. "We brought them home each year for Thanksgiving, Christmas and Easter," he said. White said he does not expect any, adverse reaction from either students or patrons in mixing of the races in the school. "Our Negro population here is so small that they do not present a Unemployment Due to Carol WASHINGTON C/PJ — The Labor Department says the number of new unemployment compensation j claims last week increased for the first time in nearly two months. The Bureau of Employment Security, announcing this yesterday, attributed about 60 per cent of the 23,200 increase in initial claims to work stoppages caused in New England by Hurricane Carol. The increase brought the volume of compensation claims during the week ended Sept. 4 to 263.400. The agency said the rest of the increase j was caused by new lay-offs in the j automobile, ordnance, electrical equipment and metals industries. Claims for jobless pay in cases of unemployment continuing for more than one week declined by 15,800 in the week ended Aug. 28. They reached a new low for this year of 1,666,900. Colonialism Hit \ BELIZE. British Honduras '.?—; Anti-British demonstrators i marched through Belize yesterday j shouting "down with colonialism." j The rally was timed to coincide; with the 156th anniversary of the' British settlers' victory over thCj | Spaniard*. McCarthy did not say what "'obscenities" he had reference to, Flanders, in a Senate speech June 1. accused McCarthy of Hitler-like tactics which Flanders said had sown division and confusion in the nation, besmirched responsible government, and created "foreboding" among such minorities as the Jews. Flanders added: "Were the junior senator from Wisconsin in the pay of the Communists, he could not have done * better job for them." Refers to ScMne In his Senate speech, made during the McCarthy-Army hearings, Flanders also said the subcommittee investigating that controversy had not yet "dug into the real heart of the mystery." Flanders said this "concerns the personal relationships of the Army private, tht staff assistant, and the senator." There were references to Pvt. G. David Schine, a former unpaid consultant of the McCarthy subcommittee; chief counsel Roy M. Cohn, a close friend of Schine; and McCarthy. McCarthy demanded at the time that flanders be called to testify about what he knew, but Flanders said he had "no new .information.;, whatever to offer," and there would be "no point whatever" ia. his being a witness. After he filed the formal censure resolution against McCarthy, Flanders submitted 33 of the 46 specific charges offered as a. basis for such action. The other charges were filed by Sens. Morse (Ind-Ore) and Fulbright (D-Ark). Guy G. de Furia t committee counsel, in asking McCarthy about his reference to Flanders as "senile" also inquired whether McCarthy had told a reporter that if Flanders was not senile, "let friTp prove it." "Could Not Recall" McCarthy smiled and said h« could not recall making that statement. De Furia asked if McCarthy considered it proper to refer in that manner to one of his colleagues in the Senate. "No halo surrounds the throne" because someone is a member of the Senate. McCarthy replied, and added: "He referred to me in language much, much stronger." McCarthy said his statement was in reply to "obscenities" by Flanders, and if he wanted to call Flanders (Senile ''that's part of freedom of speech." Earlier in his cross-examination, McCarthy labeled as "dishonest" a report issued in January, 1953, by a Senate Elections subcommittee which investigated matters preferred by then Sen. Benton (D- Conn). He also contended that subcommittee spent "a vast amount of j money illegally" in investigating j him. Standing by in the Senate's big caucus room and ready to testify were Brig. Gen. Ralph W. Zwicker ana retired Maj. Gen. Kirke B. Lawton. Charge Abuse Three senators have charged | that McCarthy "abused" Zwicker i when the general appeared before | McCarthy's investigations subcommittee last February. McCarthy contends Lawton was "broken" by See MCCARTHY on Page 10 Weather FLYIXG HIGH — Just experimenting, Garrett Cashrnan, 26. soars through the air over Albany, N. Y., with greatest of ease in his home-made contraption kept aloft by 60 balloons. Hundreds of persons gaped as he floated to a spot about 15 miles south of Albany. On the ground, Cashman, of Albany, is a hypnotist, (AP Wirephoto) ARKANSAS — Generally fair this afternoon, tonight and Sunday, warmer Sunday. MISSOURI — Fair this afternoon and tonight and south portion Sunday, becoming partly cloudy north Sunday; wanner Sunday and in west and north portions tonight. Minimum this morning— -45. . Maximum yesterday—83. Sunrise tomorrow--3:40. Sunset today—6:13. Mean temperature (midway Nttvrwn high and low—^59. Precipitation last 14 noun to 7 »J». today—none. Precipitation Jan. 1 to tbfc 4»«* — 24.25. This Date Last Y«M> Maximum yesterday—08. Minimum this morning—«7. Precipitation January 1 10 «Ut* -• 34.7*.
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