The Miami News from Miami, Florida on August 9, 1948 · 10
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The Miami News from Miami, Florida · 10

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Monday, August 9, 1948
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10
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MIAMI DAILY NEWS 10-A Monday. August 9, 1 948 Jtnifi M. Cox, President Daniel J. Mahoney, Vice President -'. i and General Manager , Ray F. Sadler, Secretary -Treasurer Charles T. Coffin, Business Manager Hoke Welch, Managing Editor . Clark Farber, Circulation Director Robert J. Alander, Advertising Director Published every day in The News Tower, GOO Biscayne Blvd., by The Miami Daily News, Inc, Miami 30, Fla. TeL 3-1191. Folly is joy to him that is. destitute of wisdom. Proverbs 15:21 Voters Will During the special session of congress, Sen. Charles Tobey of New Hampshire, J progressive Republican, laid down a challenge. He, with some of his compa- triots, announced they would insist on I stronger controls than the Republican leadership had proposed for the attack or. inflation. Senator Tobey cried, "Let's find out who is running the country, a little oligarchy or the people of the coun-1 try. Senator Tobey now has his answer, and we doubt that he finds satisfaction :in it. The congress adjourned Saturday night In the sound and fury of a guilt complex after passing what the president described as "feeble compromises" in the battle against inflation. The controls on installment buying and on bank credits are in- significant when one considers the magnitude of the inflation problem. The housing program is a sop to the builders and will produce little or nothing in the way of slum clearance and low-rent housing. ; -The Republicans passed just enough of '"a law in each case to enable them to claim that they had done something when they go back to face their constituents. "As a climax to the unseemly spectacle presented by the congress in failing to do anything of value about the pressing domestic problems. Sen. Homer Ferguson in a prepared speech declared, "congress is rapidly being pushed, into an intolerable position of having either to legislate through a' blind spot or compel the president to answer for his conduct in an impeachment proceeding! Senator Ferguson was angered at the president's refusal to let the senator have the loyalty investigation records of government workers. New Order -The recent operations of ECA under the hand of Paul Hoffman suggest that 1 new order is slowly rising in Europe. 2 Europe, long before Hitler, was in need of a new order. Political nationalism had led to economic warfare. Europe was cut up into tight little compartments by tariffs, quotas, exchange controls, and discriminatory transportation charges. The tiny nations of Europe could not be self-sufficient economically. But they tried to be, and in the trying impov erished themselves. The result was inefficiency leading to economic disaster. Aristide Briand, foreign minister of . France in the late 20s, knew what Europe needed. He proposed a United States of Europe. The jealous peoples were not ready for it. Hitler knew what Europe needed. First, by the skill of Schacht, then by the force of arms, he imposed a new order on Europe. He brought down the customs barriers. He made Europe a single economic organism, freed from artificial shackles. But he bent this new order, which could have brought mutual prosperity to all, to the grinding service of the jmaster race. His new order was a fraud and a crime against humanity. Stalin now wants to impose on Europe eventually on the world his own new order. Stalin's new order Is also a crime and a fraud. It makes everything of the machine and nothing of the individual. Free nations everywhere are determined that western Europe shall not fall under .the regimenting paw of the bear that sits In Moscow. Climate Of Befuddled Innocence The death of Rosika Schwimmer, the feminine peace agitator, emphasizes the distance between the day of her crusades and the present ; Rosika Schwimmer was the. center of two of the great controversies of past decades. : In 1915 she was the dreamer who persuaded Henry Ford to charter his peace ship. In that day, one could dream that warring nations would stop in mid-battle If only the people could be aroused to the futility of fighting and the desirability of having the lion and the lamb lying down together. Farce that the peace ship turned to be, there was some excuse, in that day when the world had not had too much experience with dictators, to suppose that sentiment could turn aside the juggernauts of conquest. Yet when Hitler thrice a kaiser in strength and venom, turned loose his savage automatons, there were still those who thought he could be turned aside by beaming faces and soft answers. And now that Stalin is on the march, we still have our Rosika Schwimmers the Henry Wallaces who think all we need to do to ivoid trouble is to be nice to aggressors. Rosika Schwimmer was an Idealist Those ho would play her role today. In the face of three decades of experience, are likewise idealists. In addition, they are pretty close to being idiots. In 1929. Rosika Schwimmer was the vortex of a maelstrom involving civil lib-?rties. Applying for United States citizenship, she was denied it because she refused to take the oath that she would support the Constitution, if necessary, by bearing arms for her country. By a vote of six to three, the supreme court upheM' OLDEST PAPER Vt MIAMI tartei ta IMC I Member Of The Associated Press The Associated Press is entitled exclusively to the use for publication of all the local news printed in this newspaper, as well as all JP news dispatches. Subscription Prices by Carrier and Mail Week "Ma 3 Mo. 6 Mo. Year Daily-Sun. 40c $1.75 $5.20 $10.40 $20.80 Daily 30c 1.30 3.90 7.80 15.60 Sunday , 15c 65c 1.95 3.90 . 7.80 Single copies: Daily, 5c, Sunday, 15c Remember Certainly Senator Ferguson and his drum-headers are not in a position to do a more thorough job of investigating than has been done on government employes. The federal bureau of investigation is far more competent to do such work than are the congressmen. There is justification in the president's refusal to give the investigation records to congress,! The history of congressional investigations' into the loyalty of American citizens has been one of charging everyone with being subversive without proper grounds to support such charges. Many so charged have later been cleared, but the damage once done cannot be completely repaired. And the person unjustly charged with disloyalty has no recourse. Congressional immunity shields the attackers. There Is little doubt that Senator Ferguson and his kind are more interested in making political capital than in ferreting out those who would subvert our government. This Is election year, and the more dirt which can be thrown in the general direction of the administration the better. But the people are not fooled. Despite the charges leveled at the president, despite the great fuss and furor occasioned by the "spy ring" disclosures in Washington, the public mind will not be turned by the congressional : betrayal of the interests of the American people as well as the insult to their intelligence. The voters will be weighing the "feeble compromises' passed by the congress in making their decisions on their ballots in November. In Europe George Marshall, the American secretary of state, knew what Europe needed to regain its economic health. He knew, as Hitler and Stalin did not know, what Europe needed to regain its political stability and spiritual self-respect. A little over a year ago Secretary Marshall proposed a new order of our own, a plan whereby the United States would help Europe get on its feet if Europe would cooperate by integrating its economy. The proposition was agreed to. The European recovery program is now under way. In the last fortnight its American administrator. Mr. Hoffman, has been busy persuading European statesmen that their countries must tighten up their part of the performance. Already he has won, in most important capitals, the pledge that the economic new order will be made a tighter, better-built structure than seemed likely at first. He won these pledges by persuasion, not by use of troops, police spies and concentration camps. , Here then is the birth of a new order that is a decent order, under which prosperity can be enjoyed by all and special advantage taken by none, under which individual and national' self-respect will be nurtured, not ruthlesslyplowed tinder. If the Russians In the Kremlin see this new order working,' if they see it slowly sapping the foundations of their own phony edifice, they might see the light of reason. Then a day might come when all of Europe could unite in a program for lasting peace and complete utilization of its varied resources. this barrier to citizenship. In one of his famous dissents, Justice ) Oliver Wendell Holmes branded this as an Infringement on freedom of thought. Justice Brandeis joined him. The country, tnen , in the throes of a widespread pacifism, sympathized with Madame Schwimmer. ; In this day, it might be that Justice Holmes and Justice Brandeis would arrive at a different conclusion. The security of the country has been exposed increasingly to Justice Holmes' own criterion of "clear and present danger." Those who refused to participate In the national defense in 1929 were isolated pacifists, animated by , personal conscience and grinding no axe for other nations. In 1948 the genuine pacificists have been submerged in a crowd of schemers who actively sabotage our national strength at the dictation of foreign tyrants desirous of destroying our nation and our peoples' liberties. The lines have crystallized, so much so that it places a strain on the memory to recall the climate of befuddled innocence in which throve the pacifism of the Rosika Schwimmers. ; Dally For Decision? The two young men who won a reported $12,000 on Reno and Las Vegas, s Nevada, roulette wheels are en route to Miami. From here they will go to Puerto Rico to study tropical medicine. They hope their gambling winnings will finance a cruise around the world. The dispatch didn't say at what point they would decide whether they had gambled enough. While here they mav se expected to make up their minds Trends Of The Times Inflation, Greatest Robber Of All Times - Robbers: Terrible Attila, the Hun! Out of the Asiatic darkness, 1,500 years ago, with ,his marauding hordes robbing and killing, he came. He killed and robbed, as he drove into the west, the barbarians in his path. He stood at last, one of the outstanding robbers of all time, at the very gates of Rome. , Genghis Khan, 700 years after Attila, was a robber and killer without a peer. Beginning as a mere Mongolian chieftain, he swept with his conquering, killing and robbing, over much of China and the regions to the west. He plundeled Turkestan. The cities of Khiva, Samarkand and Bukhara fell to him. Like a tornado he swooped across Persia, into Russia, down into India. He died, with Asia a sucked orange in his hand. . Washington Irving: History is but a kind of Newgate caZ-endar, a register of the crimes and miseries that man has inflicted on his , fellow man. One of the greater robbers died by his own hand in an underground hideout only three years ago. Attila and Genghis Khan traveled farther in their robbings, but Hitler had more to steal. He murdered and robbed in Poland, then Belgium, France and Holland; then on to the Ukraine. Wherever he went he left a train of death. Look to your laurels, Attila, Genghis Khan! Mightiest gangster of you all was this man trapped at last In the Berlin underground where Hitler, Goebbels and their gangsters, cornered, stung themselves to death. The robber band forever flies the flag of virtue and of honesty. Great the robbers and the robbings of history! And. did the robbings cease when Hitler had been foiled? Forget the old robberies! They were trifling stuff. For robbery on a truly grand scale turn now to present America. Let Hitler, Attila, Genghis Khan blush. They never robbed as our own inflation robs. The inflation "thief, these last three years, has rifled the treasure box of every humblest American citizen. It has cut his wages, sapped his savings, reduced him from prosperity to poverty. No brutal Mongolian takes us by the throat and says: "Your money or your life. This Is done stealthily, bloodlessly. ,Yet .the people have been robbed of such billions as Attila, Genghis Khan or Hitler never laid their hands upon. We faced the robber Hitler, the robber Japanese. We must fight to escape a robbery. The people loaned their substance to support the war. It would be a safe investment, the safest in the world. The people loaned their dollars, a fourth of a trillion of them. The war was won. Then as a thief in the night the robber came. The dollar repaid to the people is worth but half the dollar that they loaned. Inflation has robbed then, of half their wealth. Attila! Genghis Khan! Hitler! Dillinger! These never robbed so many of so much as the statesmen, ourselves in our ignorance consenting, who set this inflation fire. " " The workers in steel, pressed by inflation, have the power to get their pay increased.- The employers in steel have the power to pass on the increase in a higher price for steel. The steel workers save themselves. The steel manufacturers save themselves. The weak and underprivileged many are doubly robbed that these may escape the robbery. The few strong escape. The many are robbed (They are not murdered, though they, may be starved; so humane our modern robberies!). The holders of the bonds are robbed. The holders of life insurance policies, too, are robbed. The teachers, the policemen, the preachers, the civil servants, the, unorganized, the widows, the orphans lose half their incomes by this vast robbery. Genghis Khan, Attila, Dillinger, Hitler were pikers in their day. The perpetrators of this modern robbery? Men at Washington who told us that, left to themselves, the prices would come down! Ourselves at home who were silly enough to believe what the statesmen and the greedy guts behind them said! Still the robbery goes on; and statesmen are angry, when called to Washington to put an end to it. WALTER LOCKE. "We're awfully glad to see you Eddie you're always the life of the party! Did you net yovr offowance?" The Winner Thomas W. Hagan Organization Could The preservation of the remaining beauty of Biscayne bay is going to be a long, arduous campaign. Why should not all residents of Dade county interested in thwarting the many bay-filling schemes organize a chartered, non-profit corporation to deal with the promoters and their pawns in public office? Their weapons could be publicity, primarily; other steps as needed. Such an organization is demanded in view of the prospects of further land promotion and political irresponsibility here. It is demanded not only because of the aesthetic appeal of the bay, but also because of the value of the bay in dollars and cents to the community. With proper direction and participation by a considerable number of citizens, such an organization could be as effective as similar organizations in other communities. The vigilance of men with vision is responsible for the fact that New York city , has Its Central park, which was threatened time after time with gradual dismemberment. The balance of public interest and private interest in a fabulous, piece of real estate such as Central park or Biscayne bay tilts now one way, now the other. A permanent organization dedicated to uphold the public interest can turn the scales. Of course no one will maintain that the original pristine beauty of Biscayne bay could have been preserved by such an organization. There had to be land-making for causeways to start with. And the Joseph And Stewart A I sop Republicans May WASHINGTON, Aug. 9. Republican strategists have been surprised, and by no means delighted, by the results of a survey which has been quietly undertaken by the Republican senatorial campaign committee. For the survey shows that a Democratic senate next year is a perfectly serious possibility. A switch of four senate seats will throw the senate to the Democrats. And the survey indicates that at least six Republican seats in the senate are exceedingly shaky. One threatened senator is John Sherman Cooper of Kentucky. Kentucky is normally a Democratic state, an J Cooper has been hurt by the nomination for the vice presidency of Sen. Alben Barkley, since Barkley is extremely popular in his native Kentucky. Thus Cooper is certain to have an uphill fight for re-election. His defeat would be a loss to the senate, for he has been a highly valuable member of that body. Only admirers of the Chicago Tribune and Col. Robert R. McCormick could say as much of Illinois' Sen. C. Wayland (Curly) Brooks, one of the colonel's most obedient creatures. The survey paints a dark picture of the Brooks political future. Sen. Joseph Ball of Minnesota is in like case. Ball also has a strong opponent in Minneapolis Mayor Hubert Humphrey. But Ball's major weakness is the fact that he has consistently zigged when he should have zagged. He zigged when he supported Franklin Roosevelt in 1944, thus alienating every regular Republican in his home state. Having built up a reputation as a liberal, he then zagged violently, making one of the most reactionary records in the senate. Other shaky Republicans are Sen. Chapman Revercomb of West Virginia; Sen. Edward V. Robertson of Wyoming, and Rep. Ross Rizley of Oklahoma, who is bidding for a senate seat. The pompous Revercomb is opposed by former Sen. Matthew Mansfield Nealy, an oratorical left-wing hack. Rizley, one of the old guard in the house, is given little chance against popular Gov. Robert Kerr of Oklahoma. And Senator Robertson, chiefly remarkable for his long and passionate love affair with the navy, is equally weak against Wyoming's Lester C. Hunt, according to the Republican survey. The Democrats, of course, have their Help Preserve Bay hectic growth of the bay area and the overlapping jurisdictions of the local units of government prevented a broadside attack on the problem. Now, the weapon of zoning is coming to the fore. But the political irresponsibility here prevents a really effective use of that weapon. Perhaps this fault could be cured by the legislature. But unless and until it is, the defenses against further filling of the bay are hardly sufficient. Writers of letters to this newspaper often recall nostalgically the beauty of this community in its early days before, the great Florida land boom of the 1920's. They recognize, of course, that the clock cannot be turned back, and that the years have brought much good as well as a little bad. But among these old-timers of Miami and environs exists the nucleus for a powerful, indignant voice of protest. The reason I suggest creation of a new organization of citizens dedicated to this task is that the mainspring of its activity must be single, unselfish purpose. There are many fine civic groups 'now engaged in " useful,1 fruitful endeavors. But the situation demands the concentrated attack of those who have no interest whatsoever in private exploitation of the bay to the detriment of the public interest in its preservation. And the more fanatical their zeal in behalf of that public interest, the better. The threat to our bay is very great. Somehow the filling of the bay must be stopped. Lose Senate Control weak spots too, chiefly Montana and New Mexico. Yet despite these compensating Democratic weaknesses, the Republican survey suggests that a Democratic senate next year is a real possibility, provided Dewey does not win by a landslide. A very large majority for Dewey would almost certainly save the political skins of most of the six shaky Republicans, since only a small proportion of the voters split their ballots. But what is chiefly interesting is that, of the six, all except Cooper are of the old guard faction which still rules the roost in the house, but which was soundly trounced at the Republican convention in June. A great deal has been written of the vast unheavals in the Demo-cratic party. But the fact is that the Republican party, more slowly and soberly, is changing too. Mr. Billopp Apple Sauce To avoid waste in an apple crop and seeing it rot on the ground and attract yellow jackets and other stinging insects, it may be made into apple sauce. A relatively small number of apples can make a large amount of sauce. This can be served in place of fruit juiceat breakfast, as a side dish at lunch and as dess'ert at dinner. One batch will last as much as a week. When that is consumed it is always possible to make another batch. What is not consumed immediately can be put up in jars and stored in the pantry. If there are only two or three apple trees on the place, bearing only the average crop of apples, enough apple sauce may be made to serve a family throughout August and September. The prices of other foods may rise, but that of apple sauce may be expected to remain fairly constant. Thus nobody need refuse to eat it on the ground that it is a luxury. There is only, one . serious drawback. That is while eating it and looking forward to the mahy times it will have to be eaten before the supply is consumed it is very hard not to wish that it was chocolate eclairs, ice cream with butterscotch ' sauce, or smooth, creamy lemon meringue pie. - CHRISTOPHER BILLOPP. L ett ers To The Editor letters Mast fear Not Necessarily For F ubficarioaTAc Writer's Nam And Address Ponder Causes . To th Editor of Th Mimral Daily Ktwt: When we read in our local newspapers of the crimes committed by the young in our community, we wonder If we are not just a bit worse than other and more settled parts of the - country, and if our politicians aren't a bit worse than those up in the north. But as we read on In the newspapers, we find there are things going on elsewhere which are quite as bad, and with, perhaps less reason than we have in our locality with its influx of all sorts, of adventurers. - Out of all the discussions, suggestions and guesses on the subject, there emerges not a single real workable remedy. Let us ask this question. How long has this problem of juvenile delinquency been going on? It is quite recent. The reader will recollect that after World War I. there was no such juvenile crime as now. Something has happened, lately to bring this problem on. It is time we got to the bottom of the matter. Whatever may be the cause, we dare not give up in despair. We must find a remedy or perish in chaos. Let us ponder why in other times there was practically no juvenile crime. And let us stop putting the blame on parents and school teachers, and the other stock complaints of the day. F. W. W1LKISON. Miami. President Has Power To lb Editor of Tb Miami Daily Nti The people of this country have great confidence in the president of the United States, and within recent years, in a conflict between the executive and the congress, the sympathies of, the people have generally been with the executive. Therefore, it is disturbing to find the president misleading the people about such a matter as price control. While price control has been a debatable matter during the war and immediately afterwards, now that we have gone back to the system of the freedom of prices, in my opinion we cannot return, to price control by the government. We have been told on good authority that high prices are the result of certain inflationary factors, but they are not the cause of the high cost of living. It is plain to the economists who know about such things that high prices are caused by too much money, - too much credit, and too few goods to supply the demand. The president has the power to take several steps to reduce the supply of money, to restrict credit,- and to discourage high wages, but he has not seen fit to take advantage of his own powers. He preferred rather to call on congress to do something about high prices. J. Q. WEST. Mountain City, Ga. What Profit? t To th Editor of Th Miami Daily New: Referring to the much-discussed conscription legislation, please let us remind all those who oppose same that this measure to "take away from a person two years of his life" is for the purpose of making America strong in arms as a possible prevention of war. Thomas Jefferson, or whoever it was, who said "to speak of conscription in a democracy is mockery" did not live in a world in which he and all his family were threatened either by communistic slavery or possible extinction. ' We must think beyond our own little plans for the present to -a better life for ourselves and our children. v . . To paraphrase a Bible quotation: What will it profit a man to gain two years of life now only to lose his whole life almost immediately, either by death or In slavery? And to quote Jonathan Daniels In a phrase attributed to Abraham Lincoln: "He who does not guard his fellow's "security is diligently engaged only In the destruction of his own." MRS. C. A. WATSON. College Park, Ga. Keep. Faith To tb Editor or Tb Miami Daily Nw: Instead of playing up, as do most news writers and commentators, or deploring, as do most thoughtful citizens, the apparent inability of the United Nations to achieve world peace, is It not time. for both press and people to bend all their energies toward bringing about a world government, "with limited powers adequate to preserve world peace." Most of our leaders have given at least lip-service to the idea, and public polls .have indicated that a majority of private citizens favor some sort of United States of the world. The Christian concept of "one world demands that we "follow after the things that make for peace," and these things include both better people and more adequate organizations. Above all we must not lose faith that the day will Trae when "nation shall not lift up sword against nation, neither shall they learn war any more." MRS. EDWARD G. MACKAY. Atlanta, Ga. One Way To the Editor of Tb Miami Daily New: To admit having been a communist, while claiming to have greatly reformed, might be a good way in which to lift one's self above suspicion, in future. I am reminded of the fellow who has habitually drunk whisky but says "I am on; the water wagon now got no use for the stuff never touch a drop" and, while listening to his chatter, I have to back away from his whisky breath to keep from losing the last expensive meal I ate (which . Mr. Taft said would cost me less, if all controls were removed).. . A. B. S. Miami. I i

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