The Miami News from Miami, Florida on October 20, 1944 · 1
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The Miami News from Miami, Florida · 1

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Friday, October 20, 1944
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THE WEATHER Miami: Generally fair Friday through Saturday; lightly cooler Friday night. Winds off Miami Beach, moderate southwest and west. Air temperature at 2 p. m. 81. U. S. weather table on Page 6-B. DAILY NEWS VOL XLIX. NO. 310. PHONE 3-1 191 MIAMI 30, FLA., FRIDAY EVENING. OCTOBER 20, 1944 TWO SECTIONS FIVE CENTS to) -vi- W f7 i Ln) VJ U J MIAMI BLUE STREAK TOMS :iu IB(BulF(2(Bjr miy - w e M1Ma WajBBaaa Capital City 01 Yugoslavia Is Red Prize Army Also Takes Debrecen, Hungary's 3rd Largest Town Ijondox, Oct. 20. ap Belgrade, capital of Vugo-alavia, has been liberated. Marshal Stalin announced Friday. Debrecen, third largest city f Hungary, has fallen to the Red army storming the Hungarian plain toward Budapest. 118 miles to the west. Marshal Stalin also announced. Earlier, the Germans announced the loss of the city and said the Red army had pulled up to another section of the East Prussian frontier 20 miles south of fallen Eydtkau, massing vast tank forces in the Rominter Heide, a favorite deer forest of the late Kaiser Wilhelm IL A communique said Ma-linovsky's cavalry and infantry captured the fortress of Berettyo-Ujfalu, breaking the German defense line 22 miles south of Debrecen and taking more than 11.000 prisoners. North of Berettyo - Ujfalu. Malinovsky's forces alao cracked the enemy's defence lint with the capture of seven towns. While the communique reported action elsewhere along the 1.500-mile Russian front, no mention was made of East Prussia, where Berlin said a Red army had captured the German frontier station of Edytkuhnen, a half mile insida the eastern border of the prewar Reich. Russian and Yugoslav troops still were battling to clear the Germans from the streets of Belgrade with Red army shock trnnna baftllnr rh trpnnurt enemy ta a pocket in the northeastern Dart "of Yugo slav capital. In one block of houses more than 4,000 Nazi elite guard troops were killed while in another block, two companies ' were wiped out. . Marshal Tito announced thp.t his Partisan forces have cap- Dubrovnik (Ragusa) and were besieging Zagreb, capital on the German puppet state of Croatia. MIAMI'S OWN WHIRLIGIG - - ' Ntwi Bthlnd The News WOMEN 'BUS DRIVERR-Recauae of the manpower shortage, women soon may be seen driving buses in the Miami area. One bus company, Whirly hears, already is preparing to issue an appeal for women drivers. SPECIAL SERVICE Passengers on a Miami Beach bus on the Alton road route had a novel experience Saturday afternoon when the operator stopped the bus in the middle of a block, left the doors open and calmly walked across the .street to obtain bis laundry. After five minutes he was back with his coveted package. Using a public conveyance on private - business is something of a novelty, but this special service may ' ba the price of keeping men on the job these days, PRICELESS While most of Miami has been busily scraping red points together to be able to bring home from the butchers fancy cuts of meat, one Miamian has been dining frequently on the rare delicacy, squabs. These he brings home without the aid of either points or money. There are 600 some odd pigeons nesting on the (Twi tm ram S-A$ WHIKMAHi) DAILY NEWS INDEX Anne Mergen Cartoon 10-A Amusements 3-A Births a-B Boating-Fishing . - 3-B Classified . 6,' 7, 8, 9-B Comics ' 4-B Crossword Puzzle 4-B Deaths t -B Divorces 6-B Editorials 10-A Frank Colby 11-A Horoscope " 7-A Leonard Lyons 11-A Marquis Childs 10-A Marriages 6-B Markets 8-A Movie Time Table 5-B People and Things 1-B 1 Ration Calendar 6-B Radio. 4-B Sports 2. 3-B Trends of the Times 10-A Where to Dine 6-B Women's page 7-A LATE NEWS FLASHES 2 AACHEN VETS BACK IN II. S. MITCHELL FIELD, N. Y., Oct. 20. (INS) The first two U. S. soldiers to return from the bitter fighting at Aachen, Germany, were back in America Friday at the base hospital at Mitchel field. Pfc. Enrico Frasca, 20, of East Pittsburgh, Pa., and Pvt. William Steeber, 26, of Whitelaw, Wis., were flown home by army hospital plane as the first casualties on German soil to be returned. FORD'S POSTWAR PLANS ANNOUNCED DETROIT, Oct. 20. (INS) Henry Ford, II, executive vice president of the Ford Motor Co., Friday, announced the corporation's postwar plans, which include reopening of all assembly lines as soon as they are released by the government, an additional $150,000,000 reconversion program and a completely revised line of automobiles. AFL CHIEFS SUPPORT FDR NEW YORK, Oct. 20. (iP) Daniel J. Tobin, chairman of the labor division of the Democratic national campaign committee, announced Friday that 18 leaders of American Federation of Labor unions, including eight AFL vice presidents, had joined the committee as advisory members and had endorsed President Roosevelt for re-election. RETIRING GENERAL WINS DECORATION WASHINGTON, Oct. 20. (UP) Gen. George C. Marshall, chief of staff, Friday presented the distinguished service medal to Maj Gen. John Cecil Persons, retiring commander of the 31st infantry division, who led the 31st and other assault forces in recent operations on Morotai island in the southwest Pacific. He was cited for his command and training of the division from November, 1940, until September, 1944. YANKS BLAST AUSTRIAN RAILYARD ROME, Oct. 20. (W) American heavy bombers based in Italy struck heavily-Friday at the Rosenheim railyards, 35 miles southeast of Munich on the Brenner Pass line, and at oil' and storage, tanks at Regensburg on the Danube, 60 miles north of Munich. - -' ' AACHEN YIELDS 1,200 AACHEN, Germany, Oct.. 20. (INS) More than 1,200 Geraian prisoners were taken out of Aachen before the city fell to American troops, headquarters disclosed Friday night. More than 400 were taken in the final hours. SI 6,268 FOR LAUDERDALE CENTER . WASHINGTON, Oct. 20 Federal Works Agency has approved a $16,268 grant to the city for Fort Lauderdale for operation of a recreation center for service; men to June 30, 1945, the office of Rep. Pat Cannon was informed Friday. mm TAKE AACHEH AFTER 7-DAY SIEGE IiONDON, Oct. 20. (J1) Ruined Aachen, a sprawling city of death and destruction, fell Friday to Lieut Gen. Courtney H. Hodges' ' U. S. First Army on the seventh day of us siege. Friday night the vic torious Yanks started mopping up the last remnants of the Nazi garrison, trapped on the outskirts. " ' .- - The capture of the first ma jor German city, a gateway to the Ruhr, f was completed at 3:30 p. m., official announcements from the field said. The city is 340 miles from NINE FEARED LOST If CAPSIZED BOAT BRADKNTON, Oct. 20. (AP) Two exhausted seamen made their way to safety here Friday and told how an army tug capsized wit h a crew of 12 civilians during the height of the tropical hurricane Thursday. Officials who heard their story said nine men still are missing and may have drowned. A third man came ashore earlier and was taken to a nearby army air base hospital. The two who reached Era-denton identified themselves as Roy F, Iooney, first mate of the tug, and Byron J. Weibelt. able seaman, both of New Orleans. Identity , of the third man was not disclosed by the air base, Looney said the tug left New Orleans where it was attached to the port of embarkation on Saturday and, kept advised by radio of the hurricane's course, believed there was plenty of time to reach Tampa, However, the storm overtook them and they anchored at the PRISONERS Berlin and 40 miles from Cologne on the Rhine. It had a peacetime population of 165,000. The doughboys had been attacking since Sept 15, and for a week they had engaged in street fighting with bazookas, bayonets and self-propelled guns. . . Aachen was left a mass of wreckage by fanatical German resistance. Young German officers, many of them not long back from the Russian front, threw f away their lives to gain another oak leaf ' cluster on " theh' iron 'rnrn t rnt fir.R.HANV) mouth of Tampa bay. Buffeted by the wind and waves, the tug went over on its side. The captain and a seaman left on a raft but Ixxiney and Weibelt were washed over board by mountainous seas. Iooney wore a life belt and Weibelt grabbed a floating buoy. Storm Losing Power In Central Carolina CHARLESTON, S. C, Oct 20. The interior of the Carolinas Friday felt the lash of the tropical storm which headed slowly northward with decreasing intensity, after taking a death tolL estimated at 37 from Havana to Jackson ville. - - The Washington weather bu reau announced at 12:45 p. m. that ell danger of hurricane winds along the coast had passed. It said, hbwever, that strong on-shore winds would continue all day from Wil mington, N. C, northward to Long Island, and that tides Tr ( rase J-Aj STORM) Japs Will Pay For Treachery, FDR Vows Tokyo Promised Lesson It Won't Be Able To Forget WASHINGTON, Oct. 20. -j UP) President Roosevelt Friday hailed the invasion of the Philippines with the assertion that "we have the will and the power" to teach Japan "the cost of treachery a nd deceit" With our Allies, he said, "we shall teach this lesson so that Japan will never forget it" As American troops plunged into the central Philippines, Mr. Roosevelt promised freedom to the islands as soon as General Mac Arthur's forces clear out the Japanese, saying: "We shall free the enslaved peoples. We shall restore stolen goods and looted wealth to their rightful owners. We shall strangle Japanese militarism forever." , , Teach .laps lesson The pr"e3ident declared that "we have learned our lesson about Japan. We trusted her and treated her with the decency due a civilized neighbor. We were foully betrayed. The price of the lesson was high. Now we are going to teach Japan her lesson." The Philippine Invasion redeems the pledge made when American troops surrendered on Corregldor and marks another "way station on the road to Japan." he said, adding: "We promised to return wa have returned." In a message to General Mac Arthur, the president said "you have the nations gratitude and the nation's prayers for success as you and your men fight your way back to Bataan. The whole American nation exults at, the news that the gallant . men under your command have landed on Philippine soil." . . . . "Nowhere," he continued, "has the desire to avenge their comrades been stronger than among the forces of the South west Pacific. Leyte is another rung in the . long ladder General MacArthur's men have been climbing for two years." Mr. Roosevelt aatd that "from our new base we shall quicken -the assault" and added: "Our attacks in the last week have been destructive and decisive, but now we shall strike even more devastating blows at Japan." Navy Flier Dies In Stale Crash Ensign Lester A. Gehrmann, 23, 1I8NR, son of Fred A. Gehrmann, of the Willows, Cheshire, Conn., died Wednesday at 10 a. m. as a result of injuries received In the crash of his Navy scout trainer eight miles west of Fellsmere, Fla the Miami Naval Air station revealed Friday. , Gehrmann was evacuating the plane from the Miami Naval Air Station at Opa Locka because of - Uie approaching fetorm. A crewman in the plane with Gahrmann, an aviation machinist's mate second class, whose identity is being withheld i pending 7 notification of next of kin, is missing. A search is being conducted for him.? Allies To Train Street Fighters LONDON, Oct 20. (a Allied troops are going, to be trained in street fighting apparently aa preparation for battling Hitler's new guerrilla army. The training program will be carried out in the Battersea district of southwest london a congested district of workers' houses and factories. The whole area has been badly blitzed and looks like a German city or town might look after1 an Allied shelling and bombing. Chicago Assured Of FDR Talk There CHICAGO, Oct 20. (INS) The Cook county Democratic committee met Friday to make plans for President Roosevelt's reception when the president comes to Chicago "some time before election''. to make an expected major campaign address. Although no official an nouncement had been made of Mr. Roosevelt's .intention to include Chicago in his campaign itinerary. Democratic leaders gave assurance that the president" would appear there. . . - - - " I P""JlTanauan S2lyreii --JP Wireplioto , ' HOW AMERICANS STRUCK AT 1 J5YTJE Arrows indicate the. main American invasion moves in the Leyte gulf area of the central Philippines. Gen. Douglas MacArthur's forces have landed on the eastern coast-of the; island between Tacloban and Dulag, while other troops landed on-Homon-hon and Dinagat islands to seize command of the entrance to the gulf. Cox Recalls W Of 1920 Former Gorernor Hits At Dewey DAYTON, Ohio, Oct 20. f UP) -James M. Cox, J920 Democratic lominee for president charged 'Thursday night that the same powers that directed the candidscy.of Warren G. Harding- in 1920 -and forced the withdrawal of the United States from the league of Nations were now supporting Gov. Thomas E. Dewey for president. Cox. in a speech broadcast over a nationwide hook-up, re- (Text of iov. Cos' apeech and picture on Page -A) f erred to the events that occurred during the 1920 presidential campaign. - - "The same doubtful platform, the same reassuring words by the candidate," he said. "Behind it all, the powers that directed the conspiracy of 1920 control the Republican party still." Cox, former governor of Ohio, cited the group of prominent Republicans, including TClihu Root, Charles Kvans Hughes and Herbert Hoover, who signed a pledge that election of the Republican candidate would be "the path to peace." "You will note that no such array of independent Republicans, ' devoted to peace has come forward ' to vouch for their present candidate, Cox said in applying the analogy (Turn t fan t A; COX) U.S. Philippine Push IiONDON, Oct 20 a?) Gen, MacArthur's announce ment of his return to the Philippines reached here , too late Friday for British morn ing papers but all gave considerable prominence to earlier Japanese reports of the inva sion. The Manchester Guardian said; "Taking the Philippines will be neither rapid nor easy. It may even provoke the Japanese to that major trial of strength which has been for long expected and for long denied." The Ijondo'n Daily Telegraph declared the Japanese, by their own reports, "have convicted themselves of an . elephantine lie about victory in the battle of Formosa." Tokyo Cabinet Talks Of 'Trade' NEW YORK, Oct. 20.-(INS) The Jap cabinet met Friday : with c Premier Gen. Kuniaklt Koiso and, according to Radio Tokyo, busied itself with discussing problems of "sugar marketing and gas supplies." The ' broadcast announcement stated the cabinet met jn "regular session" 'from 9 a. m, until noon. Rise, Strike J Fill pinos WASHINGTON, Oct. 20. have returned," Gen. Douglas MacArthur told the Filipino people in a broadcast Friday; calling upon thetn to "rise and strike the Here is the text of his broadcast over the "Voice of Freedom" radio, as repotted by the Office pf War J n formation : , .' r . . "This -isthe Voice of Freedom, General MacAr-. thur speaking: ' " People of the IMiilip-; pines: 1 have returned. By the grace of Almighty God our forces jtaml again, on Philippiue soil soil consecrated in the . blood of our two peoples. We have come, dedicated and committed to the task of - destroying - every vestige of enemy, control over your daily live, and of restoring, upon a founda-1 1 o n of indestructible fttmigUi, the liberties of your peoeple. . At ray side is your president, Sergio Osmena, worthy successor of that great patriot, Manuel Quezon, with members of his cabinet. The seat of your government is now therefore firmly re-established on Philippine soil. 'The hour of your redemption is here. Your patriots have demonstrated an unswerving and resolute devotion to the principles of freedom that challenges the best that is written on the pages of human history., I now call upon your supreme effort that the enemy may know from the temper of an aroused and outraged people within that he has a force there to contend with no less violent than is the force committed from without. "Rally to me.; let Hie indomitable 'spirit of Bataan and Corregidor lead on. As the lines of battle roll 'forward to bring you within the one of operations, rise and strike! Strike at every favorable opportunity. For your homes and hearths,' strike! For future generations of your sons and daughters, strike! In the name, of your sacred dead, strike! Let no heart be faint. lt every arm be steeled. "The guidance of Divine God points the way. Follow in his name to the Holy Grail of righteous victory!"; . WAR AT A GLANCE Oct. 20, 1944 The Koad To I'.erl.n t Wirr Frn Wt nilir RuKPilaii front u 'M mil" llallmi t rnnt AQM milts PACIFIC MacArthur returns to Philippines with invasion army of 250,000 pledged to drive out 225,000 Japanese; JiLtle opposition encountered ' on leyte island. " EASTKKS FRONT, r Berlin announces abandonment of Debrechen In Hungary, says . East Prus-sian- defenses breached by Reds at Eydt-Jvau. VVCSiEUN FRONT Americans capture Aachen ? Canadians penetrate Breskens. SOUTHERN FRONT British occupy Thebes as Nazis continue to flee Greece. British and Indian troops enter Cesena, Italy. 20 SUTUU MltfS CAtlCOAN SUIUAH Hmonhof OINACaT apsA re To Jrnnese. -Air " i i ? v. - V 1 'MACARTHUR Death For Laval Decreed By Court lNDON. Oct. 20. Pierre Iaval has been sentenced to death in absentia by a Mar seille tribunal, the Paris radio said Friday. A -warrant for the arrest of the Vichy chief of government, now either sheltering with or held by the Germans, was issued; by the tribunal two weeks ago and it was stated 1-val then that he would be -tried whether he was present or not. . The Algiers radio reported that Jean Gal lard, former director of the newspaper "Petit Marseille" was condemned . to death in absentia by the same tribunal. j; v ' -v ': . v - ' v '! mm A 'XL if; 600 Ships Land 250,000 Men Invaders In Gunshot Of Excellent Air Field By KICMAKD M. JOHUSSTOIV GENERAL MacARTHUR'S HEADQUARTERS, Leyte, Philippines, Oct. MacArthur led an army back to the Philippines Friday in a 600-ship armada. the greatest of the Pacific war, and drove inland on Leyte island to within gunshot of the excellent Tacloban air field against light Japanese resistance. The general's powerful invasion forces landed in the heart of the Philippines, whence they may be expected to fan out and overwhelm the Japanese on every island of the far-tlung archipelago MacArthur himself stepped onto Philippine soil in the bright sunlight only a few hours after thousands of American assault troops swarmed ashore under cover of the greatest naval bombardment yet to blast the Japanese Sound JKallyii'K Cry By radio MacArthur told the Philippine people, "I have returned," and called upon them to "rise and strike" their Japanese conquerors. "Rslly to me," he said. 'it the indorn liable spirit of Bataan and Corregldor lead on." - Veteran jungle troops, Including every living survivor of MacArthur's epic journey from Bataan and Corregldor, landed on the 75-mile east coast of lyle. They made two principal landings, one about a mile and a tin If south of TulIoUiiu. capital of the island, and a trfuu in uumu, i lunra mr- I . , -..!. w l . :t.. In tanks, bulldozers and light armored cars the American assault waves smashed through feeble Japanese resistance toward Ihe Tacloban airfield and the capital city itself, a metropolis of 30,000 persons, laps Off C.uard The invasion went well from the start, catching the Japs .of f guard and reeling under the 10-day air-sea attack of the naval forces of Adm. William F. Halsey which, razed thetr defenses from Ryukyu islands, just below the Japanese archipelago, through Formosa to the Philippine group itself. (In Washington President Roosevelt released a message from MacArthur which said the invasion was making splendid progress, had been accomplished on schedule and that losses were extremely light) -The attack -onVLryte was preceded by a three-day naval bombardment, followed up Fri day by the landing of assault troops, heavy artillery, tanks. flame-throwers and amphib ious trucks. Within an hour after the first Americans touched shore and while the thunder of 14, 15 and 16-inch shells still was crashing down on Japanese positions, the assault spear heads were racing for the Tacloban airdrome, a field which wilt - give the Americans air strips 6,000 feet long. . Ship .Shell japa Shells from the battleships California and Pennsylvania raiped down on the Japanese. Some of the Japs were veterans of Bataan and Corregldor, but they turned and fled. American casualties were extremely light, although Japanese mortar fire scored four hits on landing ships as they were edging in to the shore. Americans wiped out with a bayonet charge the few Japanese who survived the shore bombardment. Then destroyers and lighter naval vessels moved in closer to work over the region just beyond the beaches before our jungle fighters drove forward. Naval planes provided air cover, dive-bombing "Japanese (Turn ta mar -A; INVAMOM Radio Ruse Keeps Japs In Dark About Invasion NEW YORK, Oct. 20. .P A ruse carried out by radio correspondents with the United States signal corps attached to General MacArthur's headquarters, was a factor in keeping the Japanese in the dark about the invasion on the Philippines, Arthur Feldman, Blue Network correspondent, reported Friday. Before the correspondents embarked from New Guinea with the invasion forcas, said Feldman, they spent hours making recordings of undated, featured newscasts to be played during their absence at their regular broadcast periods. . , These broadcasts were transmitted to American networks during the period of more than a week when the correspondents actually were aboard ships in the huge Philippine-bound convoy. "This ruse prevented Jap monitors in western Dutch New Guinea, who listen regularly to the New Guinea signal corps transmitter which beams broadcasts to the networks in America, from learning of the correspondents' absence, Feldman said. "If this had not . been done, it would have been an obvious tip-off to the enemy." 20. (UP) Gen. Douglas of possibly 250,000 men Invaders Face Mortar Fire NEW YORK. Oct. 20. (1P An American network pool broadcast recorded by NBC direct from I.yte island at noon Friday said "our troops ara having a tough time and are being aubjfcted to heavy mor-tar and artillery fire." "No one expected this to b an easy operation," the broadcast added. The reporter described tha first landing and said that tha first party had driven 500 yards inland before the Japanese fired a ahot, lie added that American battleships and cruisers wera tending rf shore, lending whateveraisfance wa necessary, and that divebombera "are slill plastering the hills uear all the beaches." . The broadcaster told of Gen. Douglas, MacArthur's landing. He said the general cama ashore with one of th landing parties "wading in near knee deep water." tie quoted the general as saying I will stay for the duration now." Hull To Enter Naval Hospital WASHINGTON, Oct. 20, (INS) Secretary of State Hull, who has been resting in his apartment for more than two weeks, will enter the Naval hospital for a checkup, it warn revealed Friday by Undersee-retary of State Edward S. Stet- tiiitus, jr. Stettinius recalled that Hull has been suffering from a throat Irritation for some time, and added that his phyaiciana felt it wixe tor him to have v general checkup before returning to the state department. Nazis Leave Lemnos ' CAIRO, Oct. 20.- UP) The Cermans are evacuating the island of Lemnos in the northern Aegean only 50 miles from the mouth of the Dardanelles, it was reported Fridav. ines H -Hour Set In February ADVANCED. A L.I.I E D HEADQUARTERS, Philippines, Oct. 20. (UP) The day and hour for the American invasion of the Philippines was set more than eight months ago by the Allied high command, it was revealed Friday. The first wave of Infantry hit the beaches of Leyte island at 9:58:30 a. m. -exactly one and one-half minutes ahead of the H-hour fixed 'last February. Philipp

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