The Miami News from Miami, Florida on October 18, 1944 · 1
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The Miami News from Miami, Florida · 1

Miami, Florida
Issue Date:
Wednesday, October 18, 1944
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gm MIAMI DAILY NEWS VM Beach strong easterly gales. m J AWe'tZwe on pV"" 1 V0L- XLIX. NO. 308. PHONE 3.1191 MIAMI 30. FLA,. WEDNESDAY, OCTOBER 18, 1944 FIVE CENTS Miami Due For60-70-Mile s IS"-.;.' Bale I s I i la ssi f 1 , SHOHIO LINK FOUNDED Waves pounded the early Wednesday at Point View on Millionaire's Row. KEY WEST MAY MISS BRUNT OF HURRICANE Folks Batten Down As Storm Center 1 Appears To Be Headed West Of City KEY WEST. Oct. 18. Sound of hammers that began in Key, West shortly after the advisory Tuesday afternoon was still being heard at 9 a. m. Wednesday as residents battened down their homes. At 8:30 the barometer was 29.54 and some of the gusts ranged up to 42 miles an hour. Planes Smash At Philippines U. S. Airmen Hit Manila, Mindanao PEARL HARBOR, Oct. 18. (UP) The greatest American air-sea offensive of the Pacific war went into its 10th day Wednesday with angry swarms of carrier-based planes blasting ceaselessly at Japan's weakening anti-invasion defenses in the Philippines. The Manila radio, in a broadcast recorded by the FCC in the United States, said 80 American carrier planes attacked the Philippine capital in three waves at 10 a. m. Manila time Wednesday, while other aircraft raided nearby Clark field and Legaspi in southern Luzon. Sixteen planes were shot down and three others damaged seriously, the broadcast said. Tokyo said Japanese army and navy circles were emphasizing the need to be "fully on guard" against an American invasion of the Philippines, despite fanciful earlier reports that American warships assigned the task of landing troops had been defeated and dispersed. 4 Admiral Chester W, Nimitz announced in a communique Tuesday night that aircraft of Admiral William F. Halsey's vast Third fleet were "continuing to attack objectives in the Philippines." but gave no details. His failure to specify that the latest targets lay on battered Luzon raised the possibility that carrier planes were extending their trail of destruction south toward Mindanao, already within striking range of American invasion troops and land-based planes. A roundabout Japanese report said carrier planes had attacked Clark 'field near Manila and the Legaspi area Tani to Tumr I; PACIFIC) British Troops Capture Rail Center Of Venray LONDON, Oct 1S.CV) British troops captured Venray, important rail and road junction five miles west of the XIaaa, Wednesday, as Lt. Gen. Courtney Hodgea American First army, slowly squeezing Aachen into submission, prepared for a new assault which Berlin said would be aimed at Cologne. All along the front progress-slow, methodical progress carved out in many cases by bayonets was reported. Meanwhile Hitler established by decree an armed German home guard of all civilian men between 16 and 60, the Berlin radio announced. Describing this people's army as "not a preparation for defeat but for victory," the Berlin station said: "The significance of the Ger man Volkssturm becomes ob wun me exception oi snruos and email fruit trees, no other vegetation had been destroyed up to that hour. The emergency relief committee of the Key West chapter of the Red Cross began operating carly Tuesday afternoon, giving out information and advice. Folks were told that as soon as the wind began to attain storm velocity, to remain in their homes. They were told also to fill pots, pans and pitchers with water in the event that the water system goes out of operation. Hundreds of other residents, dependent on rain water also Were told to store it. The people waited for the hurricane in calmness. All of the coffee shops in the city have been crowded since 4:30 a. m. Wednesday morning. Up to 8:45 a. m. gas and electricity were still available. According to a last weather bureau report, the storm center apparently will cross wct of the city. There have been what Key Westers call "hurricane rains" intermittently since the gale was reported aa centering in the vicinity of Swn island, rianes Flown Out In the period since then, residents of Key West have pre pared for the hurricane stead ily. Army and navy barracks were battened down by 10 a. m. Tuesday. All government planes in Key West snd Boca Chica left Tuesday for Jack sonville. When the advisory came in early Tuesday afternoon that the hurricane had begun a northward movement, the com manding officer at the barracks and the commandant at the navy yard issued orders to batten down all buildings. With the exception of the naval air force on Boca Chica there are not more than a dozen families between Key West and Big Pine key, the northernmost tip of the lower keys. OFFICER BEFORE COURT LONDON, Oct. 18. (.V) The war office disclosed Wednesday that Capt. William Douglashome, 32, of the royal armored corps, had been court-martialed in Belgium for refusing to obey a lawful command. The court's findings will be announced later. vious when the possibility of breakthorughs in our fighting front or airborne landings in our hinderland are taken into account. The home guard men will be part of the German army, the broadcast said, adding that "they will wear, no uniform, but will be marked by an armband in accordance with international law." From Breskens, a German strongpoint before the already liberated port of Antwerp, to Belfort this was the picture: Lt. Gen. H. D. Crerar's Can adians have reached a point six miles south of Breskens, press ing hard on the newly-formed defense line of the suicide Ger mai troops within the narrow ing pocket. Supreme Allied headquarters reported bombers had attacked the sea dyke at (Tarn to Face 2-A; GERMANY) V: vv shore line The heavy gusts bend Miami Takes Precautions For Storm Simultaneously with issuance of a hurricane warning arly Wednesday, Miami battened down to meet the rigors of the storm. Relief agencies went into action, schools were closed, the military went on alert transportation and other industries took precautions as the storm, which is expected to bring gales of 60 or more miles an hour, was awaited. ' Thousands of residents began to board up hundreds of them newcomers experiencing their first,: hurrk-ane -as , tht city went on emergency basis. 1 Schools .were ordered closed until further notice by Supt. James T. Wilson. Parochial schools also were cloned. 2 The Red Cross announced opening of schools as refuge centers. 3 Airlines grounded flights, both incoming and outgoing, because of the impending storm. 4 First refugees from the storm, were brought to Miami from Marathon. 6 Groceries did a "land-office" business as thousands of persons storked up on food, candles and other necessities. ft II epartment stores closed their doors and sent employes home. 7 Utility companies keep emergency crews on duty. 8 Telephone company officials reported traffic "exceptionally heavy. Hospital Prepared One hundred cots, fully equipped with mattresses and linens, were being set up in halls and lobbies at Jackson Memorial hospital Wednesday morning, ready for possible storm victims. A full staff of doctors and nurses was to be on duty during" the day and throughout Wednesday night and the duration of the storm, Miss Alice Mustard, assistant superintendent announced. All scheduled surgical opera tions, except those of vital importance, had been cancelled Wednesday, and only emergency patients were being admitted to Jackson Memorial, which already reported a full house. Miss Mustard-said an ample supply of sterile dressings, food and first aid supplies had been distributed at various points in the hospital to avoid possible water damage. The hospital's emergency lighting system had been checked and a supply of lanterns, lamps and candles was made available. Schools As Centers Jfublic school buildings in Dade county will be thrown open as refuge centers before noon Wednesday, with Red Cross disaster relief workers on hand to dispense first aid treatment, food and clothing to storm victims, it was announced at 6 a.m. Just which schools and other buildings would be designated mti :,. -Vh as shelter centers will be announced in radio advisories, following a meeting of disaster relief workers and committee chairmen at 8:30 a. m. at Red Cross chapter headquarters. C. Gordon Anderson, chapter chairman, and Walter M. Pierce, head of disaster relief, said school buildings will be opened in various neighborhoods, where central shelters are needed, about 9 a. m., and residents were urged to check radio announcements for instructions. Weather Reports At chapter headquarters, 501 NE First ave., emergency working space has been assigned to all subcommittee Turn t Page 1; BOARD) St. - , - wwk "" " """" " "'t in -in i r.w' -ral" nX Butlw palm trees in the ba ckground. HURRICANE LASHES HAVANA, WEST CUBA 160 Mile Winds Reported As Storm Isolates Parr Of Island Havana was isolated from the surrounding countrywide early Wednesday morning as a tropical hurricane, with winds ranging up to 98 miles per hour, ripped across the south coast of Cuba near Batabana, scarcely 40 miles from the capital. Barometer Readings . TUESDAY 8 a. m. . 29.85 9 a. m. , 29.85 30 a. m. . 29.88 J... It a. m. 29.88 -Noon 29.89 1 p. m. 29.86 2 p. m. 29.85 3 p. m. 29.83 4 p. m. 29.81 5 p. m. 29.81 6 p. m. 29.81 7 p. m. 29.81 8 p. m. . 29.82 9 p.m. 29.83 10 p.m. 29.83 11 p. m. 29.82 Midnight 29.80 WEDNESDAY 1 a. m. 29.80 2 a. m. 29.7T 3 a. m. 29.73 4 a. m. 29.73 6 a, m. 29.73 a. m. 29.73 7 a. m. 29.72 8. a. m. 29.73 9:30 a. m. 29.72 10:30 a. m. 29.72 11:30 fum. 29.71 Grade Allen Reporting HOLLYWOOD. Oct 18. I read in the paper that the women in England, are worried about the shortage of corsets. It seems their figures are becoming almost as global as the war, ' : They're demanding more and better corsets and they say if they don't get them they're going to stage a sit-down strike. Well, I don't wish, to meddle in international affairs, but I certainly wouldn't advise women who don't have corsets to do too much sitting down. You have no idea how a situation like' that can spread. Nazis Rebuffed STOCKHOLM, Oct l&s-lJP) Dr. Josef Kristoffy, Hungarian minister to Denmark, arrived in -Sweden Wednesday with his legation staff after declining to recognize the new puppet regime set up in Budapest by the Nazis. Ex-Governor Cox To Speak On Hookup Thursday A 30-minute address by James M. Cox, former governor of Ohio and presidential nominee In 1920, will be made Thursday night at 10:30 Miami time, the Democratic national committee has announced. An authority on the conspiracy which led to the defeat of President Wilson's League of Nations, Governor Cox doubtless will compare conditions in 1920 with those now. - His address, which will be made from his home in Dayton, Ohio, will be over a coast-to-coast hookup on the Columbia network. Quentin Reynolds will introduce him from New York. The speech is scheduled locally ever WQAM, . ti-i--j The Cuban national ooserva- tory at 7:40 a. m. reported winds of 98 miles an hour. Due to failing communications, the observatory was unable to say whether tha storm had passed Havana. At 9:07 a. m. Wednesday, Havana reported to the Mi-smii weather bureau that gusts of wind reached 160 miles an hour. At 3 a. m., wind velocity in the city had reached 60 miles an hour, ripping down tele' graph and telephone wires. The two principal radio chains broadcasting from Ha vana left the air early in the morning due to power failures, but several smaller stations continued operating. The Isle of Pines, tourist haven south of Cuba, already had felt the full fury of the storm. The government radio was disabled, and there was no immediate report of how the nearly 10,000 inhabitants had weathered the blow. Communications were lack ing also between Havana and most of the western tip of Cuba where gale winds were roaring long before the storm center passed over the coastline about 1:45 su m. The United States weather bureau at Miami had forecast that the hurricane would move into the gulf of Mexico just west "of Havana about 6 a. m., and , warned of - 75-rre and stronger winds and very high tides n the Florida keys early today. It was on the keys, stretching southwestward from the Florida peninsula, that about 500 veterans of the first World War were killed by a hurricane on Labor Day, 1935. Emergency warnings were broadcast to key residents Tuesday, and precautions were under way before nightfall The hurricane developed late last week in the western Caribbean. Blocked by a high pressure area., to the north, it remained almost stationary, picking up force, until it suddenly developed a northward movement Monday afternoon. Bay Causeway Plunge Fatal An unidentified man whose green coupe plunged into Bis-cayne bay from the western bend of the county causeway early Wednesday was"" taken from the water within 20 minutes by prompt rescue work, but he died despite all efforts even use of the fire department's new Munson portable iron lung. The victim, a tall, dark-haired man wearing brown suede shoes, blue serge trousers, white shirt but no coat, was driving alone in the car at the time of the accident, it was learned. Lt J. H. Pearce and Chief Petty Officer T. A. Hardin, both attached to Miami Navy Training center here, were first to aid the victim. Pearce, according to Hardin, stripped to his shorts, dove into the bay and tried to extricate the car's driver. ' "But both windows of the car were up," Hardin explained, "and Lieutenant Pearce couldn't get the doors open against the water pressure," Hardin said he had just fin-fTuro t race 2; WRECK) With Higher Winds Possible Storm May Veer East Weather Scouts Say Still moving northward at an estimated rate of 10 miles per hour, the tropical hurricane which came up out of the Caribbean and crossed Cuba Wednesday morning into headed for the Florida keys The Miami area is still by the full force of the eastward, Grady Norton, weather bureau, said. ,' Norton said shortly before 11 a m.: "We advise the people to go ahead and board up. It may not be necessary but if it isn't, they can thank God!" Norton said that the Miami area will probably be struck by winds of near hurricane force 60 to 70 M. P. H. Wednesday night. He would not fix the hour when the storm is expected to strike but said it would probably be after 7 p. m. Might Veer In However, he said, "the storm may veer in its course Wednesday. Should it turn westward the danger would diminish, of course. But should it veer eastward, the danger to the Miami area will increase." , ' Teletype communications between the Miami weather bureau nd Key about 11:15 a. m., Norton believed, the wires had winds. Winds recorded at the Miami weather bureau were fairly steady at 34 miles an hour at 11 a. m., but Norton said they would increase gradually until Wednesday night when the 60 to 70 miles an hour and possibly higher force would be reached. Norton and his staff expressed the opinion that it would be well for all residents of the Miami area to keep in close touch with subsequent advices, and to prepare to protect their property in any event, even if; they did not go to the extent of boarding up. They advised that every precaution be taken in preparation for an emergency. The following advisory was issued by the Miami weather bureau at 10 a. m.: "The hurricane center passed very near Havana about 9 a. m., moving slowly northward about 10 mph. Lowest pressure at Havana, 28.85 inches; winds in gusts 140 to 160 mph. Winds at lighthouses on Florida keys now up to 65 mph and increasing. This severe hurricane will probably con-tinueslow northward movement, with center reaching the lower Florida keys late today. "Hurricane winds will be experienced, however, within a very short time over the entire keys area with very high tides. Winds will increase elsewhere over south Florida this afternoon with the approach of the storm. r "Hurricane warnings are displayed from Miami to Tampa and storm warnings elsewhere from Vero Beach to Cedar Keys. Small craft on the remainder of Florida coast northward to Jacksonville and Pen-sacola should remain in port." A bulletin' Issued at 7:30 a. m. at the Miami weather bureau slated: "The hurricane continuing its northward, movement about 10 m. p. h. entered the Gulf of Mexico with the center very near Havana, shortly after 6 a. m. Wednesday; still attended by winds of full hurricane force near center and gales over a rather large area. Advertising Curtailed Today Due to threatened Hurricane all display advertising has been, withheld from today's issues of The Miami Daily News. The majority of this advertising will appear, in Thursday's issues. ...... The weekly food magazine section, which usually appears on Wednesdays, will be published Thursday this week. Classified advertising is being published, as usual. jr JLx I V N. 1 UNAVAILING EFFORTS Fire department squadman E. P. Higgen-botham, kneeling at right, lost no time in applying prone pressure to unidentified man brought up from the bay after being submerged 20 minutes when his car plunged from the county causeway. But efforts to revive the man were unavailing. Policeman at left aided Higgenbotham until other emergency men took over. Crowd in background watched silently. the Gulf of Mexico was Wednesday afternoon. in danger of being struck hurricane, should it veer forecaster at the Miami Course West were broken off at reported. Norton said he been broken by the heavy "Present direction of movement will take center of storm very close to Dry Tortugas by mid-afternoon. "This severe storm will cause extremely high tides and winds of over 75 m. p. h. on the Florida keys today, continuing into the night Winds will gradually increase over Southern Florida - this afternoon. 'TORTUGAS L.xerwcsrl J r if JAMAICA ' Black arrow indicates location of hurricane as given in 10 a. m. weather bureau bulletin. 1 2 Hurricane Precautions Necessary, Residents Told 1 Occupants of buildings on low ground in sections which might be flooded or carried away by high water should move temporarily to safer buildings on higher ground. 2 All loose articles outside the home, such as refuse cans, porch furniture and similar objects,, should be placed where they cannot be blown against ' a building or through a window. 3 Awnings should be removed entirely or raised and tied back very securely. 4 Shutters should be firmly attached several hours in advance of high winds, as heavy shutters will be difficult to handle in a strong wind. 5 Large doors, such as those on garages, should be braced against movement in or out. 6 Provision should be made for emergency lighting by a sufficient number of flashlights in the home, in case of failure of electric current. 7 Hammers, nails and boards should be kept at hand for emergency repairs. . 8 Bathtubs and other large receptacles should be filled with water in case the water system fails. 9 Occupants should stay in the section of the house on the side opposite from that against which the wind is blowing. 10 In buildings, generally, one or more doors or windows should be kept open on the side of the building opposite that against which the wind 13 blowing, both for ventilation and to reduce internal pressure should a door or window collapse on the windward side of the building. All other doors and windows shouuld be tightly closed and fastened. 11 -Stay indoors. If the wind stops suddenly, do not assume the storm is over. The wind will rise again, as suddenly as it stopped, only this time from the opposite direction. 12 Keep your radio on. Rescue crews will be posted at fire stations with short-wave equipment. Police radio cars will be in your neighborhood after the storm. Watch for them if you need assistance. reaching 60 m. p. h. and higher in gusts on southeast coast and interior of extreme south Florida this afternoon and tonight "On the west coast winds will ' increase during the day probably attaining full hurricane force as far north as Fort Myers tonight and possibly extending northward to Tampa by tomorrow. "Emergency.. Warn aU in- 1 I- 4 . - - I SOO eW MILES te rests. ' Stand by for further advices. "Hurricane- . warnings are now displayed on the Florida keys and on the Florida coast from Miami to Tampa and northeast storm warnings elsewhere from Vero Beach to Cedar Keys, including the Okeechobee region." Winds of gale force had already reached the Keys by S a.m. The lighthouse at American Shoals reported a 9 m ph. east wind at 8 a.m, and Sombrero light 65 m.p.b, at the same time. At Dry Tortugas, where tha center of the storm is expected to strike by mid-afternoon, the wind had reached a velocity at 7 a. m. of 60 m. p. h. The Isle of Pines was isolated by the vicious storm Tuesday night Raging winds knocked out the government radio in Nueva Gerona. principal city of the tourist section of Cuba. Hond uras Revolt Called Success SAN JOSE, Costa Rica, Oct 18. JP Former President Vincente Me jia Colindres of Honduras, now in exile here. asserted Wednesday that a revolutionary movement in Honduras was meeting with success. He declared that reliable information available to him indicates that armed forces opposing Gen. Tiburcia Carias Andino, long-time president of the country, had thrust into Hondusaa from neighboring El Salvador and that "operations were developing satisfactorily. Death Scythe Told LONDON, Oct 18. (J The Berlin radio came up with a new secret weapon story Wednesday, announcing that Nasi troops on the Russian, front now art using an "electric tnaehlnegun. Tha weapon, said the broadcast U knows a "the death scythe."

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