Kansans Warned of Future Drinking Water Problem v • ^k»«7 McPHERSON - Members of the Kansas Farmers Union Water Policy Study Group say that Kansans must face the inevitable reality of waking up to a critical problem of running out of good, clean, everyday water. Holding their second meeting here on August 10, the newly formed Study Group, chaired by Keith Nelson of Pawnee Rock,' brought to light some preliminary investigative findings. State studies show that there are approximately 500 million acre feet of water in the State of Kansas in storage below the surface of the state. According to a report made to the 1976 Kansas legislature, about 65 percent of this water is in the western third of Kansas. State experts told the KFU investigators that this groundwater supply is dwindling at about a rate of one foot per year depletion. "This gives us an average life expectancy of groundwater supplies of just about 45 years," Nelson told the group. "If these estimates are true, those hundred of pivot irrigation systems dotting the landscape of Western Kansas Angola Mercenary Mission Was No Joke By JOSEPH NOCERA Telegram's Washington Bureau WASHINGTON — It was a comedy of errors, except there wasn't anything funny about it. David Bufkin, self-styled mercenary leader from California, decided last November that he would lead an expedition of Americans into Angola to fight Communism. He had money, he told potential recruits — $24 million in crisp $100 bills — and the support of the CIA and the U.S.-backed faction in Angola. He announced to newspapers and radio stations that he was looking for some good experienced men to fight with him. They would be paid about $2,000 a month, plus expenses. Recruiting mercenaries is clearly illegal under the Neutrality Act, but that didn't bother David Bufkin. As he later told Esquire magazine: "Legal? S— no. I knew what the Neutrality Act was. But nobody's ever been , prosecuted under it as far as I know." So off he went to save Angola, Bufkin and his mercenary army. All seven of them. They arrived in nearby Zaire in late February, and their, troubles began immediately. No Angolan officials were at the airport to greet them, as they had expected, so they had to bribe the customs officers to get into the county. Meanwhile British mercenaries were fleeing Angola as quickly as they could. Things were bad, they told the Americans, worse than they could imagine. One American became frightened afnd fled. "A pansy," said another of the mercenaries. It took them a week just to get into Angola and find the forces they were supposed to be fighting with. They sat in on their first briefing. It was called "Operation Breakout." Here, they found out that they had entered the fray just in time to be completely "You can't call me a surrounded by the enemy, recruiter," he said. "Don't Operation Breakout was a , mention that word when I talk last-ditch plan of escape. One of the mercenaries was later asked how he felt when he discovered this. "I suddenly came across with a bad case of diarrhea and stomach cramps. I really did. . . But when I finally went on patrol, my first patrol, I felt okay. You know, it was like Vietnam all over again. I felt comfortable now. I was doing what I felt like I was good at." That feeling didn't last long. Three days after getting to Angola, the American Mercenaries, out on patrol, were attacked by Cuban troops. One American was killed, three captured. David Bufkin, who described the attack to a reporter for National Public Radio (NPR), was not in on any of that fighting. He is a pilot, you see. He was flying a spotter plane at the time. You know the rest of this story. The three captured Americans were put on trial in Angola. One, Daniel Gearhart, was executed. The other two were sentenced to prison in Angola where they will stay for quite a while. Needless, to say, Daid Bufkin hot-footed it , back to the states. Bufkin returned here to find the press banging on his door. He went on the Tomorrow Show, and confirmed that his men were missing in Angola (this was not yet common knowledge) but refused to identify them. Then a reporter from Esquire spent some time with him. Bufkin told him: "I wanted to be like the big recruiters in Europe. There are two or three of those guys who have files on all kinds of highly qualified specialists ... . .1 wariled to be the American connection." The story broke in Esquire, and Bufkin must have known he has said too much. When NPR did their series recently on mercenaries, suddenly Bufkin was changing his tune. Strikes Limit July Production Increase WASHINGTON (AP) Strikes helped stunt the nation's industrial growth in July, limiting production increases to the smallest margin in nine months, the Federal Reserve Board says. That's " bad news if you're looking for work. The industrial sector accounts for about one-third of the nation's jobs, and slow growth there creates a dampening effect on the creation of new jobs. Performance in ,the industrial sector should be helped in future months, now that settlements of a prolonged rubber industry strike and a coal mine work stoppage apparently have been, reached. Output of U.S. factories, mines and utilities for July rose two-tenths of 1 per cent, compared to a four-tenths of 1 per cent rise in June. The July increase was the smallest since October's one-tenth of 1 per cent rise. So far, however, the economy has managed to recover slowly, paced by services and other sectors. The economy as a whole surpassed pre-recession production peaks this spring, but the Federal Reserve index released Friday shows the industrial sector is still 1.1 per cent below the June 1974 peak. Making a strong advance was the output of materials used to produce cars, appliances and other durable goods. Industrial production is currently 10.1 per cent ahead of where it was a year ago, and 16.7 per cent ahead of where it was when the recession apparently ended in March 1975. Federal officials say production of consumer goods was unchanged in July, with auto assemblies edging off slightly even after allowance to you. That's a newsman's word." He may have been feeling that things were getting a little hot. According to NPR, the FBI has asked one of his mercenaries who escaped Angola whether Bufkin was, in fact, connected with the CIA. The Justice Department admitted to a congressional committee last week that it is in- vestigating mercenary recruitment, but wouldn't comment further. Two lawyers for the Americans tried in Angola have suggested that Bufkin should be prosecuted for his role in recruiting them. NPR further reported that the FBI was aware of Bufkin's recruiting activities as far back as last November. He has been back in this country for five months since the Angola debacle. As yet, no action has been taken. will someday spout only air and gone will be the many farm families who once irrigated for their livelihoods," cautioned Nelson. President Dale Lyon said that the Kansas Farmers Union is deeply concerned about the issue of water. He challenged the group to take a close look at the problems, develop questions and try to find the answer for them. The Study Group is studying Kansas' water laws and are finding a hodge-podge of rules and regulations, conflicting practices, omissions and confusion. "The 1945 Kansas Water Appropriation Act is a law designed to assure depletion of our water supplies," Lyon told the farm leaders from throughout the state. "It is not designed to assure that water is conserved." Lyon asked the group why shouldn't the law be designed so that the principal goal is to conserve the state's precious water supplies? The investigators have found that some people have appropriation rights to vast amounts of water many times the amount they need. The state says that these groups have the rights to the water since they came along first. The law also says the water must be used in order to keep the rights. The study group found that Kansas Gas & Electric operates two power plants on the equus beds near Wichita for which they have appropriated water rights totaling 23,789 acre feet of water. During 1975, the two power plants used only 11,049 acre feet of water. Members of the group asked "why does KG & E need more than twice as much appropriated rights than they are using. KG & E told the KFU they "do not anticipate any significant increases in net consumption of water at either of these power stations." Speculation suggested that "maybe the utility is getting the word that the people of Kansas are beginning to ask questions about the company's grab for water." In recent weeks, the power company has scaled down its application for the appropriation of water from the Neosho River below John Redmond Reservoir from 115,000 acre feet to 57,300 acre feet of water. Study group members wondered why the utility was given a contract for twice as much water as they needed from the Redmond Reservoir. Other questions that the Study Group raised was just what the official role of the Chief Engineer in the State Division of Water Resources and that of the director of the Kansas Water Resources Board? It was the understanding of the group thai the Division of Water Resources is to administer policy while the Water Resources Board is make policy. If this is the Page 6 A Garden City Telegram Wednesday, Aug. 25, 1976 case, the study group questioned why it was the Water Resources Board neogiated the water contract with KG & E. Investigators found that the Division of Water Resources in Topeka is flooded with applications for water rights and is far behind in processing the applications. The KFU was told that the Division budgets only $23,000 to handle the applications. Of some 26,000 applications made since 1945, only 5,200 of them have ever been "perfected" with the issuance of a certificate which must be registered with the county Register of Deeds. One Division Official told the Farmers Union investigators that if the staff doubled its work output for the next ten years, the Division -would catch up with the applications, provided no new ones were filled in the meantime. for model changeovers. In other economic news, the Treasury Department said Friday that five manufacturers of imported automobiles have agreed to • raise the prices they charge in the United States to bring U.S. prices level with prices where the vehicles are manufactured. That means you'll pay more for a new car made by the five importers: Volkswagen, Volvo, Saab, Renault and Ford of West Germany, which manufactures Capris. But the agreements likely will lead to more jobs. While averting a potential trade war with Western Europe, they clear the way for establishment of foreign auto plants in the United States. The Treasury Department declined to state by how much the manufacturers would raise prices or for which models the adjustments would be necessary. Officials said such .matters are trade secrets. Milk Prices Take Drop MANHATTAN, Kan. (AP) — The Kansas Farm Bureau reports most meat, egg and produce prices rose last week. Milk prices ran counter to the trend dropping about one cent per gallon. The meat price increases varied from two cents for hamburger to nine cents for certain cuts of steak. Some types of roasts dropped in price. Cut-up fryers increased one cent per pound. Eggs were generally up one cent per dozen while tomatoes rose seven cents a pound and apples were up one cent. WE DARE TO BE DIFFERENT! Mens^ ISURE SUITS Select from 10 styles in fall colors. Prices effective through August 27th, or while our supply lasts. the best of both worlds • 100% Guarantee • Free Girt Wrapping • Nationally Famous Name Brands • Open Evenings Til 9 i»* ou* iA>.«w«r rum Sunday 1 to 6 In the Eastgate Shopping Center 1315 East Kansas Avenue $28 97 A FAMOU3 NAME BRAND FROM OUR STOCKS.
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