rannr. .y OWK1EK KBW8 PAOI IfTIM REVIEW ""FORECAST This Business of Farming By H. B. CARIES AtessMe Ooartr Age* Bow much consideration have you given to-adjusting your awlne enterprise to prospective corn-hog ratios, that Is, to the prospective profitableness of hog production? An Illinois study shows that adjustment of the swine program to this price relationship between corn and hogs is an Important factor affecting profit* from hogs in that state. It should be of greater importance In North Mississippi County where corn-hog ratios are, on an average, less favorable for swine production than In the Corn Belt. This comparatively unfavorable position of our area is shown by the fact that the average corn-hog ratio in Arkansas for the five year period 1950-54 was 12.3 compared to 13.6 for the United States average and an estimated 14.5 for the Com Belt. This means that the selling price of 100 pounds of pork was equal to the price of 14.5 bushels of corn in the Com Belt (estimated) compared to 13.3 bushels'in Arkansas. The average Corn Belt farmer breaks even at a corn-hog ratio of about 11. The narrow margin be- able corn-hog ration la through weight at marketing. Tables are available that will assist the farmer in determining.Hie most profitable weight at which to market his hogs under various price relationships of feed and nogs. Other Factors Important Adjusting the swine enterprise Table 1. Average Monthly Hog Prices And Corn-Hog Ratios. Arkansas, 1950-54. Hot Price* Corn-Hog Ratio Jan $18.20 12.6 Feb $18.76, 12.7 Mar $18.68 12.3 Apr $18.86 13. J May .... $20.04 12.6 June .... $20.12 12.6 July .... $21.03 . 13.1 Aug. .... $21.00 13.0 Sept $20.12 12.6 Oct. .... $19.14 12.2 Nor .... $18,02 11.9 Dee. .1.; $17.93 11.9 tween this break-even ratio and the longtime average ratio for Arkansas (12.1 for the 10-year period, 1945-54) makes It essential that toe North Mississippi County swine producer-do the best job possible" to adjusting his; swine program to prospective changes In the profitableness of hogs. Adjust To Average Price* There are three mate possibilities for making profitable adjustments to the corn-hog ratio. The first and basic adjustment it to plan a regular program of farrowing and marketing that will take advantage'of longtime average seasonal price peaks. Table 1 shows average monthly bog prices and corn-hog ratios for Arkansas for the 5 year period, 1850-54. (The corn-hog ratios are based on com prices weighted to give the value of the com at the time it was fed, rather than on corn prices at the time of market- Ing the hog.) The average Arkansas price relationships for 1950-54 shown In Table 1 are believed to be representative of present average seasonal prices and trend*. (Trends are toward an earlier summer peak and a lessening of the sec: ondary late winter peak.) Best adjustment of the swine program to the average seasonal price and com hog ratio peaks shown in Table 1 would be had by farrowing the Spring Utters in late January and early February and the Fall litters during late July and early August, with marketing coming five to seven months after farrowing. (Farrowing should be done within a period of three weeks.) These farrowing dates should fit in with the slack labor periods on cotton farms, as well as permit marketing at the usually most profitable time. Adjust Numbers to Outlook The second possibility for making profitable adjustments of the swine enterprise involves adjustments . to favorable and unfavorable corn-hog ratios by varying the number of hogs raised. Successful adjustment here requires a careful following and use of outlook information. The wide variation in corn-hog ratios over .the years offers an opportunity for Increased profits from successful adjustments of this type. The corn-hog ratio in Arkansas during 1945-54 ranged from a low of 9.1 to a high of 16.S. One time at-which adjustment in swine numbers should be considered is at breeding time (and earlier, when gilts a<e selected and saved for breeding): The oetlook for approximately on* year ahead should be considered in determining how many gilts or sows to save and breed for the next litter. (Available or expected: feed rip- plies on the farm may also Influence the number of sows bred.) Although the price situation may change materially within" the year from that expected, such a longtime outlook Is worthy of consideration at breeding time. Further and later adjustment to swine numbers is possible between ' breeding and marketing by selling or buying bred sow* or feeder*. However, became of (be tat- creased disease haurd, most •Twine producers who raise "their own pigs hesitate to irlng feeders «r many breeding animals on their farm. The Illinois study showed that, a* a group, those farmer* who kept purchase* of "outtHrt" hot* to * minimum kept their hogt mom healthy (at shewn by tower death losses) and to jktetotd greater profit* from the iwtae eo- ^ AdjHl Mtrket WelgMi A third, and pnultty more certain, method of adjuttlm pork production to favorable,or unfavor- to average seasonal price peaks and to changes in the outlook situation should make possible more profitable.hog production In North Mississippi County. However, successful adjustments to price conditions is only one factor. Balanced and economical feeding, good disease and parasite control, we^-bred stock, and good swine management are also essential. . Swine production can be a profitable and desirable enterprise on North Mississippi County farms where feed grains are profitable or otherwise desirable In the cropping system, If these factors are made a part of the swine program. • Purchase Of Feeder Pitt? On some farm. situations in the county, buying feeder pigs may be more desirable than farrowing on the farm, A program of buying feeders has the advantage of flexibility. It can be fitted to prospective,profitability and to the feed supply of a farm much easier and more completely. However, some ofttimes disadvantages of purchased feeders compared to farm farrowed pigs are (1) higher cost, (2) lower quality, (!) greater disease and death risk, and (4) the cash outlay or credit needed, and the accompanying risk, for farmers with limited capital or credit. Farm situations which would contribute to making feeder pig purchase more desirable than farm farrowng are: ". ' (1) Farm acreage of feed grains quite variable and uncertain from year'to year. (2) Pasture and farrowing facilities unavailable. (J) Farmer is not hampered by an unfavorable capital and risk position. (4) Farmer has no desire to raise hogs, has had little or no expert ence with hogs, -or is unlikely to follow practices-necessary for success with a sow program. Among the Adamanese,, buria: upon a platform placed in a tree is an honorable form of burial and adopted, only In the case of a man or woman dying in the prime of life, according to the Encyclopedia B'rltiantca. Something to Think About •r Gtuenasom B. BOUMAM Clothing Project One of the major . projects in home demonstration clubs In 1956 is clothing. To prepare for the Pre-Easter there will be a leader training meeting for the clothing leaders and then they will hold workshops in their local communities to help others make more professional looking garments and,also to leam short cuts in sewing. New Fabrlcs> Fabrics'continue to be the foundation of fashion. The excitement this fall is in fabric blends. The fashion word, the theme, and the designers dream is in blends, blends, blends. Blends are appearing in both wearing apparel and home fashions. The wealth of new fabrics can give'the elegant and polished look, the knitted look, and the crepe look. Other fabrics making news are the tweeds In-all weights for coats, suits and dresses. Just as important for -fashion are the rib effects. For softness and that cashmere hand, look for the orlon and wool tweeds and plaids. Women's suit- ings'this fall will provide fashion plus function. Daeron plus wool In a silken' type offers something different. You can choose a very new fabric blend, arriel teamed up with rayon. Arnel is a new member of the chemical family; it is an acetate type fiber with improved tolerance for.heat. This fiber when Ironed no longer requires a coo! Iron as in the case of regular acetate. . You will find arnel liber in many different fabrics such as flannel, sharkskin, faille and taffeta. Fortison is cellulose acetate fiber with extreme strength and resistance, to shrinkage and sunlight. It is used In all kinds of gauzes, sheer curtains, and light weight casement draperies. ' Fortison. is sometimes used alone; however, more often it is used in fabrics as the lengthwise yarn for its strength, luster and draping qualities. Strikingly different is a fur-type fabric of orlon ,and dynel. It brings something new to coats — a deep rich pile which closely resembles fur, but is exceptionally light in weight, yet warm. Creslan, an acrylic fiber, is real news. Experimentally, this fiber was known as X-51. Creslan is an excellent blender- and has proven to be quite satisfactory blended with wool. In a blend of 50/50 ores- Jand and wool, you wUl be Impressed wife the luxuriou* feel and soft hand of the fabric. Acetate, acrilan, arnel, cotton, dacron, dynel, fortison, linen, nylon, orlon, rayon, saran, siUc, vl- cara and wool are the 15 fibers which . today offer excitement, .in the fashion sphere. Blending -of fabrics has^ done a lot to help overcome • static : and lack of absoijency and. also has helped reduce shrinkage.. In time, fibers will learn. to mingle with each other,and you will be pleasantly associated with their use* Starch If you are using one of the old- fashioned starches that masks colors, adding bluing/strong tea, or commercial tints won't do much good — it just means extra, work. But today, there are modern starches that can be used without any fear of white streaks or white film (masking) on dark colors, even on black, brown, .or navy blue. Housewives don't ; need to be afraid to starch dark summer, cottons. Even black cottons, can be starched for a smooth, crispy finish and still retain their dark, clear color. TjTsing a more modern starch is all that is needed.' . All thin solution type starches can be used successfully, on ..dark cottons with no resulting white streaks or white film.. Perhaps your method should be improved. Check these questions to see whether you should change your method of your starch. If you use hot water type starch (kind made with boiling water): Are you using a crystalline, thin solution type-hot-water starch that goes into the fabric, not onto It? Are you using a hot water starch as a hot water" starch only? With some hot water starches their, use as both hot and cold water.starches is recommended. Made with cold water, they may cause., white streaks or a white film (masking). ts the water really boiling briskly when you add It to the creamy mixture of starch and cold, water? Do you add boiling water gradually, stirring continually so no lumps are formed? : Do you strain the 'hot- water starch before you use it to remove any skim which may have formed on top of starch cooled?" ' If you use instant cold water starch: When you add these powdery starch flakes to cold water, do you swish until starch' is completely dissolved? This instant starch- is precooked, so you 'don't have to use boiling or even warm water. It dissolves instantly, stays dissolved, aria will not, settle down. If you use" bottled starch: • Are you using a bottled starch that When,diluted goes into the fabric not onto it — because of the basic starch used in manufacturing? No matter what type starch you are using, consider these points: When you starch garments, do you dip and squeeze them in starch solution several times — then wring thoroughly? When you launder dark cottons, do you separate them from linty articles before laundering? Do you iron all dark fabrics on the wrong side, to avoid a shine on the right side? If you must touch up spots on the.right side, do you cover with a clean, soft cloth and press, not rub, iron over fabric? A Good Breakfast A well planned meai, whether it is breakfast, lunch or dinner, will provide its share of protein. Protein can be supplied at breakfast by eggs, or milk, or both: • Cereals contribute additional protein but are Inadequate unless served with milk or other animal protein foods. Citrus fruit or juice is a recom- Its POWERFUL Good News! WANT a real performance thrill?Jut get your" hands on the wheel of a new John Deer* "420." John Deere Tractor* have always amend owner* with their "never-say-die" lugging power, but you'll aitee you never taw any other tractor ptdl so much, pound loir pound. The new "420" Tnctori—10 model* in ill— fwiure 20 per cent more built-in power than the "40" Series, which they' replace. That mean* better .performance in the higher, gears, apple power to UM bigger-espkity tools—ertn s-bot- lorn plows and 4-row planter*'and cultivator*. k mean* more acre* coveted per day, more job* doneontinM. . There an many other advance*)***! we invite you to fee. At tor ntodeiv John Deere comfort and operating features, you'll find them all—deep cushion teat... standard 3-poiol hitch with Load. end-Depth Control... "live" Touch-o-mitic hr- drsulic control . . . teli'.eaergiiing disk-type brake*, swinging drawbar ... and many others. Conte in and get aH the has; arrange for your tree deawiutmioa. No •blifMion to yoi. MISSCO IMPLEMENT CO. 41 Wv J-4434 Su tefa JOHN DEERE QUALITY FARM EQUIPMENT mended breakfast staple that provides generously for the Vitamin C requirements. Vitamin A can be supplied In part by oranges, by whole milk, egg yolk, and by butter or margarine. Breakfast cereals and bread supply energy . and B-vitamins. Some of the .iron requirement can be met with egg yolk and enriched cereals or bread. A good breakfast pattern: Citrus fruit or juice. Egg and toast, or cereal and milk, or both. , MiHc (Additional hot beverage for adults) Bom* 4100 communities In the United State* are entirely dependent on motor buses for local mass transportation. Bees recognise honey-yielding flowere first by color and second. ly by sctnt, according to experiment*. FBOM PORTUGAL —The—so-cullei!—Hawaiian steel guitar is not. a native. Hawaiian instrument, but was introduced Into the islands by the Portuguese during the 19th century. Phone For Fret Estimate! R. C FARR & SONS Owners : Phone 3r4662 — 400 Railroad — Phone 3-456T A Motion Picture fat CouH ton teen Mite Tim's Choice 11 ASUry tvilt ArtvniO.r RtM.rk.blt, • •prt.iclilile Rural Y*.th, Their Anxieties and Triumphs. * A New Gordon Family Hit * "ODDITIES in FARMINB" *' "Proof of Tractor Quality" * and Added Short Stibjtcts You'll enjoy every ainate of thi* inttrett-paee pro- . gram . .an entertaining aod informative program tlierf will delight yo ung and old alike . . and it'* H|| f J££. JOHN DEERE DAY 1s» -Day of the T*arV lorlb* "Man of the SoeT ' SpoiMontd by MISSCO IMPLEMENT Co. at Th« ROXY THEATRE ADMISSION IT TWKIT fjiLY ***'' ""*'**""* to DRAINAGE DISTRICT NO. Of Mississippi County, Artanm Statement Receipts and Disbursements Ptriod January 1, 1955 to D*c«mb«r Jl, IMS Cash on hand January 1, 185* RECEIPTS Current Tax Collection* (Net) Delinquent Tax Collection*... . Delinquent Tax Costa Income Lands Owned - Floodway Bent .;.. Interest Government Bonds.. Lands Sold - Additional to Game & Fish Com Material sold for Highway Fill Withholding Tax Collected.. Social Security Deductions... County Participation Culvert 1954 Constr IUOJ7l.1t mot 51,01 13,604.03 i,»eb.w fis.io 1,899.14 894.80 llt.tt VXlM Total Receipts DISBURSEMENTS Bonds Paid 448/901 Due 1-1-8* »9»,000.00 Bond Interest Paid Coupons NO. is *NO.i»..:.rr:.:.. Collection Charge* - Bond* Si Coupons Xxpense Floodway Land - , Taxes & Ins I76.M U. S. Bonds Purchased ($50,000 P'ar Value).. 49,965.05 Office Furniture * Fixture*.. »».50 Withholding Tax Remitted... 694.80 Social Security Remitted 104.40. iM,411.H Maintenance * Operatloei Preliminary Survey* * Engineering «63.1» Drift Removal 434.71 Car Bxpente 4U.M Ditch Clearing - Cutting Je Burning 4,6S4.» Aquatic growth removal Ditch No. 4 »,3M.OO Levee Maintenance Mowing SOO.OO Clean-Out Ditches 31-A & 21-B M.9W.19 Clean-Out Ditch 29-A 3,975.00 Clean-Out Ditch No. SO.... 1,888.40 Clean-Out Ditch No. 46.... 6,192.00 42,650.10 Administration Salaries "6,420.00 Legal 602.10 Rent 420.00 Utilities 437.11. Office Supplies * Stat'y... 358.22 Exchange 1.5Z Bond Premium & Insurance 667.90 Recording ". 32.30 • Audit 75.00 Traveling it Mlsc 186.83 Log Scaling 259.31 Officers Per Diem & Exp.. 114.00 Social Security Expense.... 104.40 Total Disbursements .. Cash on hand December 31, 1955 DEPOSITORIES First National Bank... 170,199 » MO.M5.JT 9,574.69 $176,636.60 $163,958.57 Farmers Bank Trust Co. $163,958.57 BALANCE SHEET AS OF DECEMBER 31, 195S" ASSETS Current AMcta Cash on hand $163,958.57 First National Bank $131,958.57 Farmers Bank & Trust Co. 32,000.00 U. S. Government Bonds (Par Val. $100,000.) 99,336.54 Delinquent Taxes Re- ' ceivable TotaF Current Assets Fixed Astet* Houses - Sec. 20-13-8 1,800.00 Furniture & Fixtures 1,229.80 Auto & Equipment 1,200.00 Completed Construction ... 376,024.68 Total Fixed Assets Total All Assets LIABILITIES Current Liabilities Withholding Tax Urn-emitted Social Security Deductions Unremltted Total Current Liabilities. Other Liabilities 3% Bonds Outstanding... 7,743.57 4270.939.M 380,254.12 $651,19)JO 173.70 30.10 Total All Liabilities.... $651,191.80 CERTIFICATE —i I hereby certify that the foregoing Statement of Receipt* and Disbursements and Balance Sheet are true and correct to the beet of my knowledge and belief. O. O. REDMAN Secretary Subscribed and iwora to before me thi* 4th day of January. 1066 NOMA COTHREN (Seal) Notary Public My Oonunlwloii expire* Jan. II, 19H. INCOME TAX DATA 44% Drain** District No. IT Tarn paid la UN Deductible. WE RENT • HOSPITAL IEDS ... IAIY MM • ROLLAWAY IEDS USED REFRIGERATORS • USED WASHERS WADE FURNITURE CO. in*.
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