8 SAT., JUNE 27, 1964, Lake Charles American Press AMUSEMENTS AND ARTS i**mritrinrH**tt»ffmrm*-innt*mmm*mmmm*Hm*mii»rm#inirfmmrinrirBir*it*intfm DECADE OF CONTROVERSY 1850 Compromise Delayed Civil War for 10 Years PROLOGUE TO CONFLICT, by Hnlrnan Hamilton (University of Kentucky Press, 236 pages). THE MIND OF THE OLD SOUTH, by Clement Eaton (Louisiana State University Press. 271 pages). 13 DESPERATE DAYS, by John Mason Potter (Ivan Obo- lensky, 200 pages). REFUGEE "LIFE IN THE CONFEDERACY, by Mary Elizabeth Masscy (Louisiana Slate University Press, 327 pages). The Civil War, which started in 1861 at Fort Sumter, might easily have started a decade earlier in California, or in Santa Fe or in some other hot spot— except for (lie Compromise of 1850. The crisis which faced the Union in 1850 hau its origin in the slavery question, of course, hut it was a different controversy lhan that which erupted after the election of Lincoln. In 1848. the United States won a vast western territory from Mexico. In 1849, gold was discovered in California, and thousands rushed to the new fields. By 1850, these new inhabitants were demanding the speedy establishment of local government, and petitioned for statehood. Should California become a free state or a slave state? Should the rest of the territory gained from Mexico be organized into territories 1 .' If so, what of (lie western boundary of Texas which had long been in dis- pufe? When these ticklish questions were debated in Congress Southerners took every Northern proposal as a threat to the South, and Northerners took every Southern proposal as a scheme to expand slavery. During most of 1850 the" crisis occupied all men's minds. Finally, a compromise was hammered out which, for a time, restored harmony. Holman Hamilton has made a searching study of that crisis, and in "Prologue to Conflict," he analyzes the men and the motives which brought it about. The great names of this pc- j riod have been Clay, Calhoun and Webster, but Hamilton shows, in his study, that Douglas, Benton, Foote and Cobb' also played prominent parts in Congress, and influential lobby- I ists played their part behind the I scenes. | By use of contemporary ac' counts, the author is able to place the Compromise of 1850 in its proper perspective an:l sots forth its implications for the coming Civil War, Another book on the ante- i helium South is "The Mind of | the Old South,' 1 in which pro- j fessor Clement Eaton of the J University of Kentucky discusses a dozen personalities who : typify various facets of Southern society and thought dur- 1 ins the period 1830-1860. They were not the best known men of the South, but they : were chosen because they were i typical of a special field of endeavor or school of thought— ;—planter, businessman, professional, writer, or politician. Among them are Maunsel White, New Orleans merchant; William H. Hammond, South Carolina planter; Cassius Clay, radical politician; Henry A. Wise, progressive politician; William Yancey, an emotional type. These and others—and their influence upon the times—are measured in this short but admirable study. A dominant theme is the clash between the aspirations of these men and the society in wnich they lived. Two more recent books deal with the conflict itself. In "13 Desperate Days," publicist John Mason Potter recounts the story of Li n c o 1 n's journey from Springfield, 111., to Washington in 1861 to be sworn in as president. The air was full of rumors of Southern assassination plots, and detective Allan Pinkerton was hired to guard Lincoln. Making use of Pinkerton's record book and his correspondence with Lincoln's associates, Potter has prepared a full-length account of the plot and counterplot, an interesting piece of Lin- colniana. "Refugee Life in the Confederacy." by a professor of history at Winthrop College in South Carolina, reports on a subject seldom mentioned by historians—the refugee problem. Most of them are Southerners, of course. As Union armies carved their way through parts of the South individuals, families, banks, and even newspapers and colleges fled. Others were expelled by Union commanders. Revolutionary Background Of Treason Laws Studied THE AMERICAN LAW OF I TREASON, by Bradley Chapin i University of Washington Press, 1172 pages). ' In (his small book, a professor 1 of the State University of New I York at Buffalo surveys the ! American concept of treason as it developed in the Revolutionary and early post - Revolu- ' tionary periods. Treason, universally regarded as the highest of high crimes, was an ancient concept adapted to protect the new form of government. This did not take place with- SI. 00 — CARLOAD — St.OO BOX OFFICE OPEN fi: 15 SHOW TIME AT 7:39 FIRST FEATURE 7:30 •;\D BIG FEATURE :mp—PLUS CHAP, i '-MAS' HUNT OF MYSTERY ISLAND" GARV MARIA KARL COOPfR-SCH ELL'MAIDEN The i Ham "~ TECHNICOLOR* iWai«nj8EN PIAZZA-A Bttod* Production- no* WARNER BROS? out considerable controversy. The Revolutionary leaders were themselves traitors according to English concepts, and this fact undoubtedly colored their thinking. The author reviews the history of treason laws in England, and their early applications. He traces American legislative and judicial treatment of treason, in both the 17th and 18lh centuries. Of particular importance is the author's treatment of the Pat- triot-Tory question, not only as to the relative merits of the two parties, but their treatment of each other in the courts and the legislatures. The cononles's resistance to England's successive attempts to treat American political opposition as treason has been illustrated by new material from various English and American sources. This is one of (he few modern works about the early history of American substantive and procedural law of tieasons, and as such it will be of value to historians, political scientists and legal scholars. German Author Probes History For Meaning THE MEANING OF HISTORY, by Erich Kahler (George Brnziller, 224 pages.) Erich Kahler, better known among intellectuals as the author of "Man the Measure," and "The Tower and the Abyss," has here written a spirited defense of history. This defense is needed, the author says, because the historical viewpoint seems to have fallen into disrepute. He points this out by comparing today's attitudes lovyard history with that of the Middle Ages and the Enlightment. In the Middle Ages, men saw history as a road to salvation. During the Enlightenment, it was regarded as the ascending road of human progress. Thus, men were afforded a definite spiritual framework which guided and guarded their minds. Mnkind today is in need of just such a spiritual framework, author Kahler declares, which might be considered by some as a theological view of history. The author has divided his work into three parts, caled "The Meaning of Meaning," "The History of History" and "The Meaning of History." In his survey of history, the author points up (he evolution of the ideas of meaning as a goal. For ages this concept guided men in the conduct of their lives. At first, men were carried forward by their expectation of the advent of a Kingdom of God. When this faded, it passed over into the hope for a final blessed state of humanity on earth. This hope, too, has vanished, he points out, except in the Marxist concept, and even here it has faded. The author shows a tremendous knowledge of the historical process, and he writes well, but his words are apt to have meaning only to the erudice. Dooh'ffle Raiders Tell Their Sfory NEW BOOKS LAKE CHARLES PUBLIC LIBRARY Non-Fiction Brooks. Hidden God. Brownell. Amerlcon Prose Masters. Chesterton, Victorian Age In Literature. Contemporary Theatre. Cooke. Your Treasury Department. Driver. An Anthology of Religious Poe- trv. OMcksberg. Tragic Vision In Twentieth Century Literature. Goldhurst. F. Scott Fitzgerald end His Contemporaries. Gordon. Intermarriage. Graham. Margaret Chase Smith. Kenner. Flaubert, Joyce and Beckett. Kumar. Bergson and the Stream of Consciousness Movement. Loveloy. Thirteen Pragmatisms and Other Essoys. Lyons. College Novel In America. Marsh. Good Housekeeping International Cookbook. Maxwell. American Fiction. Moody. Dry Divide. Natan. Silver Renaissance. Philips. Politics and Society In India. Poaue. George C. Marshall. Shaffer. Soviet Economy. Shapley. Treasury of Science. I Spender. Slruggier of the Modern LP Records I Mozart. Symphony No. 40 In G. Minor. Kodaiv. Hory Jonos Suite. Charade and Other Top Themei. 1 Mirtirano. O, 0, 0, That Shakespearian Rage. i Wonderland of Sound; World's Greatest 1 Waltzes. DOOLITTLE'S TOKYO RAIDERS, by Lt. Col. Carroll V. Glines (Van Nostrand, 447 pages). On April 18,1942, a force of 15 B-25 bombers took off from the decks of the aircraft carrier "Hornet" and winged their way to Japan, for a bombing mission against Tokyo and other Japanese industrial centers. It was the first-counter blow by American forces after Pearl Harbor, and judged by purely military terms it might be called a failure. Other factors were involved, however. The blow had been in preparation a long time. It had been conceived, in basic form, by President Roosevelt, who was determined to strike back at the Japanese in some manner as soon as possible. As a raid, it caused negligible material damage. It caused considerable psychological damage. The Japanese had believed their homeland to be Invulnerable. They were puzzled at the sudden appearance of these planes. They could not find how they got there, and they feared they might coirm again. They were forced, therefore, to redeploy their own strength, to take away planes that were needed to further their fights in China and the Southwest Pacific, and to hold them in Japan for defensive purposes. The raiders were led by Lt. Col (then) Jimmy Doolittle, and they became known as the "Doolittle Raiders." Their feats brought a needed boost for American morale, but soon they were forgotten for new sensations. Now, more than a quarter of a century later, the files of World War II have been opened, and aviation writer Carroll Glines has gathered together the story of the raid from beginning to end. The first part of Glines' account deals with the birth of the project, and its preparations. This involved months of training crew and modifications of heavy bombers to make certain they could take off from a carrier deck. The carrier's task was to ferry the planes within 600 miles of Japan, and get them into the air. The planes were then to make their bombing runs to Japan, and go on to land in China. The second part of the book PARAMOUNT HE 9-3021 OPEN WEEK DAYS 4:45 — SATURDAY & SUNDAY 1:45 ADULTS SOc — CHILDREN' f!5c — STUDENTS 75c NOW SHOWING nSv AJone U.S. Astronaut Space-Ship Wrecked On Mars! ROBINSON FLATLKt TIMES 2:IS—4::iO—6:2i_«:30 NEXT ATTRACTION STARTING JULY 1ST LEWIS *THB PfflSY 0 Jsaij lent Open 4 P.M. Ph. HE 9-2406 Adults . .. 50c — Children 25c Double Feature — Last Time Today DEANftmRTSK "Who's Been r> .sleeping "The LITTLE SHEPHERD of KINGDOM COMFV JIMMY 8006EB UUUU PATTEN CHILL WIUS ->-, . ;, 1- ,-».»c<.» ; r,. T . I DIXIE WIOXE 439-29ZY • OPEN TODAY 3:45 SUN. 1:45 — MON. 5:45 ADULT 50t — CHILDREN 25c STUDENTS 40c OFF THE STREET PARKING IN REAR OF THEATRE FOR THEATRE PA'IRONS ONLY LAST DAY DOUBLE FEATURE FEATURE NO. i tf UMMMUi W JOHNNY EiSSM.QL.LER ..> JUNGLE JIM - PLUS 2ND FEATURE KIRK DOUGLAS .HALWALUS 1 FROM GUNHiU. Plus "Monster And The Ape", No. 8 and Cartoon SUNDAY & MONDAY SPECIAL DOUBLE FEATURE fEATl'KE NO 1 COLUMBIA PIC Wpueou deals with a first-hand account of the adventures of each plane crew after taking to the air. These accounts were written by a member of the crew of each of the 16 planes in the raids. Of 80 men who went on the raid, three were killed in crash landings or bailouts, and four were seriously injured. Five were interned by the Russians. Eight were taken prisoner by Japanese forces, three of whom were to die by execution and one by starvation. The others survived, made their uncertain way to safety, and were soon flying again. The appendices include a biographical sketch of each of the raiders, and the current address of the 56 who are still surviving. Glines' book is a fascinating account of one of the most perilous missions of World War II. BEST SELLERS (Compiled by Publishers' Weekly) FICTION THE SPY WHO CAME IN FROM THE COLD, Lc Carre CONVENTION, Knebel and Bolle/ CANDY, Southern and Hoflenberg THE NIGHT IN LISBON, Remorquc THE GROUP, McCarthy NONFICTION A MOVEABLE FEAST, Hemingway FOUR DAYS, UPl-Amerlcan Heritage DIPLOMAT AMONG WARRIORS, Miir- A DAY IN THE LIFE OF PRESIDENT KENNEDY, Bishop THE NAKED SOCIETY, Packard (Ap's "The Torch Is Passed" Is not listed because It has not been sold generally In bookstores.) DAVE GARDNER IN PERSON AT Lo GRANGE SR. HIGH AUDITORIUM MONDAY JUNE 29TH ONE PERFORMANCE 8:15 P.M. Forty Million People ore enloylnq hit RCA VICTOR & Copilot Albums. You sow him on the Jack Poar Show. Tickets: 2.50—3.50—4.50 On Salt At: Gordon's Jewelers Lee Martin's Caldwell's Record Shop The Recoro shop 'R«ioU» Dew Htirlt' HE 6-2503 NOW SHOWING Features at: 2:25, 4:23, 6:22, 8:22 OPEN WEEK DAYS 4:45 P.M. — SAT. & SUN. 1:45 P.M. + • • • < FUN! GAIETY!?-; YOUTH!? JAMES . PAMELA" DARREN TIFFIN : PAUL LYNDE - UNA LOUISE'NANCY SINATRA «',^ BOB DEN VER » CLAUDIA MAHTIN WOODY "WOODBURY TECHNICOLOR* NEW MOON DRIVE-IN TUEATBE Elvis & Jerry OET TOGETHER A\D BULVG YOU 3 BIG HITS! - _ ROCKING THE SCREEN \? WITH LAUGHTER & SONGS! " HIT NO. i (7:371—ELVIS" STARTS WITH "ACTION! SPECIAL MID-NITE SHOW TONI0HT! ADULTS ONLY Mid-Nite Sbow — Adults 75c Girls uisdfor"icientific* Off I •JLL! VfelM ^r.m ; fcr " lar^aLi POPf SUBJKT OF MW PLAY NEW YORK (AP) - Another play concerned with high Catholic Church personalities, "Caution to t h e Winds," is being planned for Broadway exhibit next fall. Central character of t h e drama is Cardinal Roncalli, who became Pope John XXIII. The story concerns efforts to rescue Hungarian Jews from war terrors in 1944. "The Deputy," which concerns the role of Pope Pius XII in World War II, is currently a White Way hit. The new play is being based on an autobiographical book by Ira Hirschmann. ^ "WE'RE OPEN" Butler 'BAND INSTRUMENT CO. 3305 Ryan Street 477-2082 AUTHORIZED DEALER FOR S • Artley Flutes • Gibson Guitars — Repair Services — A Band Instrument:, and String Instruments J Complete Line of Accessories DOORS OPEN 1:45 NOW SHOWING FLIPPERS BACK IN AN ALL NEW ALL FUN ADVENTURE1 iti joore fin-tafftic s : ' i • v than ever! , If , , ( METRO' COLOR Features Start 2:09—3:56—5:43 7:34—9:21 ROUND-UP Easi Broad Street HE 6-6120 ADMISSION $1 CARLOAD LAST TIMES TONIGHT 3 FEATURES —IN COLOR FIRST FEATURE— 7:45 P.M. TARZAH'S MOST FABULOUS FEATS! DWUSCOPE U3 UETROCOLOR: SECOND FEATURE — 9:30 P.M. THIRD FEATURE Troy Donahue-Angle Dickinson Ros$anoBwti>§wanneP/e§hette DVENTURE u.i-.^u,,!.,^. TECHNICOLOR*.^»««i<<»f WARNER 680$. 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