Lake Charles American-Press from Lake Charles, Louisiana on June 23, 1964 · Page 4
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Lake Charles American-Press from Lake Charles, Louisiana · Page 4

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Tuesday, June 23, 1964
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EDITORIALS Congressional Redisfricfing The recent decision of the U.S. Supreme Court regarding reapporUon- ment of state legislatures will serve to focus the attention of Louisiana legislators upon that ticklish subject. It will also serve to brinq lo the fore another measure which has been long overdue — rrapportionment of the state s congressional districts. Inequities in the state's congressional districting are not, on the whole, as flagrant as those in the state legislature, but they are still in need'of remedy. The Eighth District, represented by Gillis Long, for example, had a l!)fiO census population of 263,850. The Sixth District, centered around Baton Rouge, had a population of 536,029. If all eight of the districts were set up on an equal population basis, under 1960 census figures each would contain 407,128 persons. In view of the Supreme Court's decision regarding "one man, one vote," any redistricting must make the districts roughly equal in population or face the risk of being declared unconstitutional. At present there is a taxpayer suit in federal court, seeking to force the state legislature to redraft the congressional district boundaries. Sen. J. D. DeBIieux of Baton Rouge introduced a redistricting bill in the present session of the legislature, but it was killed. Instead, the Senate voted to set up a committee to study the whole matter of redistricting. Since this is a problem which has faced the state leqislature since the results of the 1960 census became known, it is a puzzle as to why the senators feel that "further study" is necessary. Perhaps it is a move to enable the legislature to avoid taking up the problem, in the hopes that the taxpayer suit in federal court will reach a decision, and the members of the legislature may then hlame the entire matter on the federal government. Sen. DeBlieux's measure, which wns voted down in the Senate, had a number of interesting factors — one of which would have been the switch- in:: of CalcasifHi Parish from the Seventh to the Eighth District. Under DeBlieux's measure, five parishes now in the Seventh District would have been moved into the Eighth District — Calcasicu, Allen, Jeff Davis, Cameron and Beauregard. They would be joined with four others — Rapides, Avoyelles. Vernon and Sabine. Four parishes now in the Eighth — Winn, Grant, LaSalle and Natchitoches — would have been moved into the Fifth District, now centered around Monroe. According tn the 1.960 census figures, here is how the eight districts would have bcr-n ranked in population under the DeBIieux measure: No. 1 (New Orleans), 410,000; No. 2 (New Orleans). 403,481; No. 3 (Houma. Thibodaux), 408,804; No. 4 (Shreveport), 407,369: No. 5 (Monroe), 407,203; No. 6 (Baton Rouge). 40R.U07; No. 7 (Lafayette), 404. 3R1: No. 8 (Lake Charles- Alexandria), 407,089. There can be no quarrel with Sen. DoBHeux's bill with regard to population. It is doubtful if any measure could be drafted, using conventional parish boundaries, that would be nearer to the absolute average. There might be considerable objection to the draft on the premise that too many adverse geographic or economic interests are included within a single district. There may be some point to these objections, and if political boundaries could always be drawn to make them coincide with geographic, economic or ethnic boundaries, a great many problems could be solved throughout the world. Today, however, the emphasis is upon population. As the Supreme Court pointed out in its recent decision, trees and cattle and pasturelands don't vote. People vote, and in any acceptable re- cliMnctincj in the future, population will be the determining if not the sole factor. Anv redistricting, of course, will menu pvn-e people for the Seventh Dis- 1riri -- or whichever district that might include Lake Charles and Calcas'ieu Parish in the future. It will also mean that each vote in the district will count just a bit less th;m it docs now. since the Seventh District at present i? under the 407,000 average. Even so, a more equitable division of the state is much to be desired, and it is a problem that the state legislature cannot long ignore. DIXON'S DIXIE Wallace Threat By KENNETH L. DIXON BATON ROUGE, La. - Alabama's fire-eating Gov. George Wallace came to town the other day, chewed out the National Press Club in Washington for not giving him a certificate of appreciation for speaking before them, and served notice on I failed to reject the national Democratic party at least once in Presidential elections. They are Arkansas, Georgia and North Carolina — and a 700-vote switch would have turned the trick in Arkansas in 1960. Alabama did it in 1948 and nearly did it in 1956. Florida tore tncm, ana served notice on turne ' d on ^ t jn „ {our tt^J?"^.?^.^ elections. they'd better get conservative in their manners or he'd help defeat them this fall. . Louisiana did the same in 1948 and 1956 and the Democrats on- club, which really did set something of a precedent by its de- '... We don't want any.. f PEARSON SAYS ~\~.~~,, : .;:"" . , Jy squeezed through by hairline At this writing, no word has i dec £, ons in 1952 | nd f %0 Mis . been heard from the press sissippi d g dined )Q suppnrl (he Democratic nominee in 1948 ancl 1960, and only did by narrow margins the other two election years. South Carolina rejected t h e party's choice in 1948 ancl 1958 and had a couple of cliff-hanger votes in 1952 and 1960. Tennessee, like Florida, w e n t, against the party in all four elections — and so did Virginia. Even Texas went Republican in 1952 and 1956, and it was a fight to the finish in 1960 despite Lyndon Johnson's position on the ballot. cision. After all, the club gave certificates to Khrushchev and Castro after they spoke there, and whether or not you agree with the Alabama Governor, it's hard to be surprised that he feels he's been discriminated against. But in the final analysis, that is a minor matter. What perturbs the Pelican State politicians in the wake of the Wallace visit is the thought that if he swings his weight to the (X. r, , -",-- •-, - v - Through all those years there ° ldw p j artv ' the whole have been hard . fou £ ht battles »™« go Republican m j n Arkansas, North Carolina and Race Riots Threat to LBJ By JACK ANDERSON , Goidwater if he wins the nomi (Copyright, 1964, by Bell- McClure Syndicate) His Lake Charles banks and businesses are suffering from a shortage of small change. There is not enough to go around because <<[ the large amounts needed to operate vending machines. A silver shortage is nothing new in the nation's history. During the Civil War years, the shortage of silver became so acute that business firms and individuals issued their own tokens- unauthorized of course—called "shinplasters." ..And remember the "script" of depression days? nation. They predict that the Negro voters will cast their ballots almost unanimously against i WASHINGTON - PASSAGE ! t)°ldwater. ;of the historic civiJ rights bill ; Yet their continued agitation, I has not appeased militant Ne-, without giving the civil rights gro leaders. They are going bill a chance, is winning votes ahead with the drives and dem- for Goidwater. A summer of onstrations they had planned for j v i o 1 e n c e, putting President the long, hot summer ahead, j Johnson on the spot, could lead i This could produce some ug- j lo "is defeat in November. i ly incidents, plus repercussions Irony No. 2 — Southern which could hurt the election .white leaders, who have bitter- chances of President Johnson, ly denounced the Supreme i whom most Negroes want to i Court for its decisions on civil keep in the White House. ! rights, will now turn to the Su- Thc worst trouble is expect-' P rc ™e Court as their last hope Ofl in Mississippi where h o t h ; for ^ nullifying some of the new 'Sides are aiming for a conl'ron-: b '"' s provisions. Lation that could explode into : They plan to bring a number racial war. of law suits, charging that the On one hand, the militant i P ublic accommodations and oth- white organization, Americans ; er features of the bill are un- for the Preservation of the constitutional, ' White Race, is forming guerrilla , Thus the militant Negroes, units which have already start- who have been fighting in Con- the Republican Party has little to gain politically by compromising its principles handed down by Abraham Lincoln on civil rights. ¥ * » PRESIDENT JOHNSON HAD planned to deliver a report to the American people on the crisis the present confusion clears up. ... The Air Force has received orders to keep 45 B-57 bombers on the alert in the Philippines. They are ready for swift use if needed against the Communists in Laos or North Viet Nam. . . . Two of the nation's top political pollsters, Elmo Roper and Louis Harris, are feuding. Roper has charged in letters to political leaders that Harris's polls are inaccurate. Roper wrote bluntly in one letter that he "has no respect" for Harris. . . Rep. John Moss of Califor- November What most folks in the other parts of the counlry don't seem to realize — at least, in those parts I've visited — is that the South has been trembling on the verge of a two- party system for some 20 years. It just ain't the solid South ' no more, and the Democrats who used to carry it in their i hip pocket would do well to take notice. There were some rumblings last fall when Republicans Rubel Phillips and Charlton Lyons each got nearly 40 per cent of the vote in losing, respectively, Georgia, with growing G. 0. P. strength in each state. And in 195G the anti-Democrat vote boasted a 95,673 majority. Those are statistics, but behind the statistics has been a continuing struggle to develop a two-party system within the state and local political structures. Last election, Louisiana sent two Republicans to the legislature for the first time since Reconstruction days. And there ixa m p Ie s through the South. Veteran politicians, who admittedly don't want to have to THE WORLD TODAY igfifs and History , - - • •. vu I! »(l\~.ll ilLi T t UI1 l*UU V DLCJ J t »«!•-.• 1 IL-t ! V. t./V,V*H 1 1 ft 6 *-** V/Uli od to carry out acts of" terror-' grass and the courts for their OU1U1 muBa Ul 001UU1 . ism against Negroes. legal rights, will Ro into t h e n j a has threatened privately to On the other hand, the Stu- s(rcc( s n(W that they have won;offer an amendment to the ap- dent. Non-Violent Coordinating " lost of .'heir legal battles. And , propriations bills forbidding the Committee is bringing hundreds ' he m'l'lant whites, who have use of government money to i ^ *,,,A anlc . )„,„»/:„!•.._:__, ,,_,_ hrrn ripfvmn th 0 s „ „ - „ ,« „ purchaseliedetectorsortou.se government money to pay lie I of students into Mississippi this < hl ___ i , . : L . if Supreme i ui aiuui-iua LIII.U mlSSlSSlppl UUS ' "•••j«"t> «•<«« " « \* i t [.summer to conduct freedom i( ^ 0 " rt ' u ''" now appeal to it 'schools and defy the wrath of ' " ~ the white terrorists. THE NATIONAL BOARD E> .JAMl Associated Pr> MAK'.OW N'evii Analvst - ; jppuji-d j have been done almost 10Q years ; „' < But ti.e Su- I rime Court \v:> " t <; mood (it '.'. • V'!iu-s were diif U-...-V? They ! na-'a'y a voice. 7i;e civil ru f "')!i?reSS iS gu.r c.:".-rent then. ;.:r.. /) and t'lc runt. And Ne:>.'.[ no power. i;t- hill which ,'i to pa«s now in essence a repetition of a\ was tried airer the Civil i different. thre ihe war Southern ek codes" imposed penal- on Negro slaves not only for Ti make Negroes' citizenship re;M Congress backed up the :-.rr-.'. ndments with a series of li'.i! rights acts: the protection of all laws in all states, assurance of voting rights, protec- l:on against the Ku Klux Klan, and so on. One in particular, passed in 1375, said Negroes must have eni'al treatment in inns, public conveyances on land or water, theaters, and amusement places, Hut, despite all this effort by Congress, by inen Southern states had begun passing segregation laws. And in the North, Negroes didn't get equal treatment. They were dh agHinst everywhere. Tne War. and the the law. For example Amendment of 1365, abolished t ;,e case of a Northern theater slavery but ntw "black codes" H hj c h re/used to admit Negroes began to appear. The freed men ,-, ,, men Strong-v, led men m the Republican - run C ngress, over- .shadowing toth the president «r,d the Supreme Court, rushed fh/augn IH-O aac.x.'jnul amendments. the 14- h and 15th. _ fne 14th. mak-ng .V|?roes cm•«*.<... said no £U3»e couid deprive hern of the pnvik-ges and.im- inj:.!'.:-:- cf c;».-7«!£: and tht -•>:.'< ia.d no i-tste could deny !-:'.!zt.-:.s IM.- rii'tit to vof.-. 'I.vjs Congress SijU gf.r tj free .\.-;-'>y.'j— there urn i stulhw •la'.i.-s at t);e ! : :r.p of lh*.- war, if? million lAhit'.-b-in ih.-r sv .cl and p-Jj'.i'j;! life. N' ;'foes •i'.>w nuniU-r a r ; 1 1 ^0 ir;:ii:vri m 3 '.'2 reflected this mood This was how jt lhat 1875 act: „ was ip tended] ^ court said _ to {( ^ rbld states to pass la-.vs denying Negroes ^, Ml treatment; the law didn't apply to discrimination bv individual white people Sf>uthern states piled up' seg- rtgation laws and in 1896 the Supreme Court blessed such laws The court said Negroes could be segregated so long as they got equal, treatment with white men. The treatment was, and became, very unequal. Between 1875 arid 1957 Congress passed no more civil rights acts. From 1896 until 10:34 that separate-but- equal doctrine of the court remained the law of the land. In time, a long time, Negroes once again began to seek action > by the government to get treatment truly equal. Any appeal ! for the first half of this century ; was hopeless. Negroes hoped the court would undo the 1896 ruling. i But it never did until 1954. It ; knocked out, beginning in the 1 1930s, various forms of unequal treatment, like back seats on a bus. But until J954, it never ; declared the 1896 court wrong I by saying the principle of seg- Iregation was wrong. Then it did so in its ruling banning public school segregation. Stimulated by that, Congress passed a civil rights act in 1957, and another in 1960. These were mainly aimed at ; protecting Negroes' right to | vote. Contrary to the 15th (Amendment of 1370, Negroes were kept from voting in many areas. i Now Congress is about to pass :0ne more civil rights act, once more to strengthen Negroes' voting protections and, among other things, prohibit discrimination against Negroes in motels, hotels, restaurants and ; places of amusement if those ! places affect interstate com' merce. It's a little Iffy and fulfillment will take time. But Congress and the court now are trying to do what neither did well in those turbulent years almost a century ag'j detector operators . . . m> ,<im,t leninism, niu n/iinji^nij x> vi i\ tv u White House aides have urged The invading students, both for the Promotion of H i f 1 e i House Ways and Means Chair- white and black, are fully pro-!Practice will no longer hand!man Wilbur Mills to seek fur- pared to be martyrs. Not only out free, army ammunition to ther tax cuts next year to keep the students but their parents , rifle groups on the say-so of the the economy booming. B u t have been given indoctrination National Rifle Association. , Mills replied that he would put courses, warning that the young; In the past the association's tax reforms ahead of tax cuts, volunteers can expect beatings endorsement was all a group Rumanian delegates to the and bombings injury and tm- needed to get free ammunition. ' registrations has of a cause — the iceberg. Beneath the surface lay a 20-year struggle, going back to the 1944 Democratic convention in Chicago when the Southerners bolted in an abortive effort to stop FDR by rallying around Virginia's Harry Byrd. Since then, only three of the 11 Confederate states have Wallace that and the Republican nominee — may provide just that. If so, things are going to be different in Dixie, mah friend. (Copyright, 1964, by United Feature Syndicate, Inc.) SIDEWALK SAGE By HAL BOYLE in America bad indoor plumbing. NEW YORK d\V) - Those ., good old days. Oh, those good! Most homes were healed by old days! pot-bellied stoves or balky coal furnaces, the ashes from"which Old-timers 60 years of.age or, ^*£^ —*„'-™ more like to drop a tear m their ,; notfl reUp 5f araitv °. Ul WIU1 sarsapanlla as they recall how' , , , much better and more romantic i. ' PO P le worked a 50- to GO- liln iv nc m tlioi,- vnnlK than It ''00T WCCK. life was in their youth than it is now. Hut was it really? When a rug had to be cleaned it was Imug on a line in the prisonment. . UN have spoken out . But some radical right - wing a^ain backstage against the They have been Instructed groups have manage! to get on hard Soviet position on disarm- Life in America before World I backyard and dust was spanked VVar I still had something of a ! out with a beater. pioneer quality, and hardship j You didn't ride on power and discomfort were pretty i mowers; you cut the grass with much taken for granted. Weather and work held peo HHi'iii^t'iifu if^niii (tennis j"~ " .....1%. ...... ".vj lu aiiinu a riir, VOU nafl 10 napfl from local aulhori- riJla outfit. (hat ihe newly discovered o i I i fl ° nmv ; Ifisurn was more for crank it to get the motor start- larenls have been ad- H has heen urging its mem-1 fields in Manchuria will p r o-1 the dead than the living. i c d. The roads were so bad vou X' ready with bail hers to form rifle clubs and duro all the oil that Reel China When old-timers reminisce, were luckv if you went ' 100 affiliate with the National Rifle need? In the past, the Chinese they don't dwell on such points miles without a fiat tire; if you * * ' Association in nrrtor fn nnalifu Vuivo hnnn HnnpnHpnf nnnn Riit;. a^: A'\A n^i ~ fi-i i. ' i_ . i . . .."j ..— ..^ i.j^\_n UUHUV-t-CU B» W ^J',J **"»L. 11 !(-**".: v,» Vi ly gl;l) \t\l I1UIU O never to venture out alone in the free list, among them theiarnent. Mississippi, not to expect any Minute-men, a right - wing guer- An intelligence report claims protection from local aulhori- rilla outfit. ' " "'' l ties, and pa i vised to he money. _ .,„. w ( v „. * * ' Association in order to qualify have been dependent upon Rus- as. VET FEW OF THESE for army ammunition. sia for oil. young people are turning back. As a result, the national^ At an indoctrination meeting in board will now screen the mem- -. —. x-v»7--nk. TS~I T% «. X-XTJ-VTT A T-» T-X. New York City, only one dis- nership list of all the g r o u p s | LOOKING BACKWARD [traught father protested: ''You which apply for ammunition. ' _ , i are using these young people as " * • i I guinea pigs!" DESPITE fJOLDWATER'S I Several other parents jumped vole against civil rights, Miclii- |Up to say they were proud their , yan's ^..-oriiu Hmnney has plead- jsons ancl daughters had the ! ed with Republican leaders to 'courage to back up their con- ' [>iif.h i>>'.- ,< -irun:: civil rizht.-, i victions. plank in ih- Republican plat- Meanwhile, the continuing iVrm. !a sickle. If you were wealthy enough . . ,, ,, . . ', i 4i . >uu "t-ic ttcamiy enoucn P' e m thrall far more than they ! tn afford a car, vou had to hand Ifh/ a s « , n , .. . . „ ., . diti gd a flat tire, you'had""to Probably not. half the homes fj.\- jt yourself. Most women had lost their beauty by the time they were -I": most men were considered "Id at 45. Pensions were unheard of in most industries. There were no electric washing machines. Wives had to souse the family's grimy duds in tubs, and launder them by (From the American. Press of June 23, 1914) -.. .V.WM, u«iu lauuuci UHZU1 uy rf/^cr'Vr '•"".. vlJ 7" mi "*j >v ;:"'• . , _ ... j One of the best known worn- a most enjoyable evening, i hand °. r , wi ]h a scrubbing brush demons rations in the face of. He has phoned Republican! of the American sta g e is Punch and cake were served :°n a ridged washboard, ho evil rights victory on Capi-1 leaders all over the country i iu series o{ artides on Those present were; Jane i winters were long and cold- P re?»L 3 ron P S? U * *°™ \ TT Wh' G ° V ' -nh^ f the preservation of beauty. ShejLeBlanc, Clara Aucoin, Bernice summers long and hot 74%^ im r anC 1 ^i^'^" 83 F n renCh ', Edna ' Jhe kiU:hen held no gleaming ~ ' ' served no- 3fli statea aiSI will wjnnU rivH : kee P in 8 lhe llver acllve at a11 1 1 ^' Florwce Ory ' ^"^c refrigerator. The pan under tha thli- th^iSaKntiSr : . times, and she is right. iHines, Martha Shutts, Gladys: icebox had to emptied daily Neither good looks nor hap- ™/fil^':"' JK™" ^! Wood-burning stoves were tice on party leaders that they' rights votes. won't support Senator B a r r y i Therefore, Romney argues, Unscramble these four Jumbles, one Utter to each square, to form four ordinary word*. ZUGEA f~~~^ Sy j QUICK QUIPS I 4 TUESDAY, JUNE 23. 1964, Lake Charles American Press Lake Charles American Press ••-\i<- '<• -u .1 t ' '.eC t^ciji.vc , to i'.t .« t_r fti,jc,!,;oi.on 01 all Ihe V ' • if. '.<••- r.tr^taapir tn «t-, as, o .-f r,r..t 0 s;>£>".w •. S-.'.'tl H'i 4C -"• '••••-'•"•• !->•-• '•" ' '.-• '.-'.-.: (. :t I,'., /A'jrttr 1'i.at.r / .t •.( f.vi,_•,-<, ,v.? r. i \a<i Among the few germs that art beneficial to people is one that produces tne delightful symptom of euphoria. Befer- ence is made to the spring fever germ. Choreographers have just about turned dancing on television Into tumbling, cuntor- Uonism and filial stages <J a running fit. Tin-re 'art dayb when a person {jiii lies reading tht news that he almost feet as if lie wouldn't much care what happens -- if it would only hurry up and happen! TtWIER piness will stay long with any man or woman who lets the liver get lazy and sluggish. Alfred Roberts and R. Lake were the winners Saturday afternoon hi the tennis tourna- U*> I '• •""* «"»iiuig OLUVC5 Writ* «Jiis-iiised in rural areas, and some*Tl± e ^y in the household hTto ' Fournet, chop the wood. After a hard day spent at |U T chores, mothers had to French '"" "l \ ^ fl f n by lam P"'ght, the riencii, nienfolks 1 socks. HOW PEOPLE WHO Al?e UP-TO-OATE ANP WIPE- AWAKE- //A!L LETTER. Now emuifethe circled letter* to form th* iiupriM saavtt, at f ugge»t«d by th« above cartoon. . ' — -— T. x-.^ij ii M « naauvjouuii. i » c y uvatatuu : Ben King, who had such a without feeling uncomfortable Charles Lanz and L. Peters by | sad experience with a gar yes- ; It took almost as many davs 6-1, 3-6, and 6-2. j terday, is Improving today; the to travel across the contjneiil , - j wounds in his foot have assumed by train as it now does hours Construction work was start- a less dan gerous aspect. by jet plane. In a small town, ed this morning on the uitcr- i — — j^? v resident who had seen huth coastal canal bridge on the 1 Mrs. Mary K. Bunker and son f!' aRara Fal!s : ">'i 'he r,i;in.J east side of the river, near the left this morning for a several , ^jj' 0 " wa!i a t'^^bnly. No lower parish line. weeks visit to Eureka Springs Jan , Kcr was cra *y enough to Perry and Bonner have the Ark. ' ^fj 0 " J" 0 "^' to ma ^ a va- contract, and the bridge is to - T i "' be completed by the first of; Mrs. W. B. Brooks of Vinton 'aim no raHu! M> «? J 4 V T W i - he ' September, so that the highway ; arrived today to be the guest of Jo hi-fi lete no'n M« e ^ W ' - 1 m mUS1Cl in (Vai.xr IjtunLlcuBOeOT CUBIT fACIAl ARIIBr tf'/MU tiie UiMuriul wtitt , o - e may be ope° as soon as the gra - 1 her cousin, Mrs. Neal Bryan, un- no canned vel road to Calcasicu Lake is til tomorrow. WhTSn < ™ «* romnlptfid .y*" 31 w they mean "the good C0mpleted ' , - fW days?" About all they bad • Born: To Mr. and Mrs. E. C. we don't have is a big foamy A party of young friends gave House, 1&34 Byan St., on Fri- gla^.s of nickel beer And it's Miss Dee CUne a pleasant sur- day, June 19. a son. h.-.idly uuith turning ' the calen- prlse last night on the eve of - dar back just for t)itl her departure for Seattle, Wash.,! The J.U.G. club wiU meet The good old davs have been where she will remain lor al- , tomorrow afternoon at 3 o'clock , replaced by the good new dlvs most a year. The guests spent i with Lola Hebert, 1402 Byan St. ~U>day and tomorrow

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