The Marion Star from Marion, Ohio on September 20, 1939 · 1
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The Marion Star from Marion, Ohio · 1

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Wednesday, September 20, 1939
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THE MARION STAR HOME EDITION 1 Tt-T tonight ad Thur- r.si eoo.er. 1 VOL LXII, No. 251. Ta Asmtat Pimi latrafor.j Newt ferric Celt PrrM MARION, OHIO, WEDNESDAY, SEPTEMBER 20, 1939. FOURTEEN PAGES THREE CENTS 1TAH rm ji landon Urges Congress Stay in Continuous Session iXrEATHER n lira 0. P. LEADER WIVES FOR UiniTll Till CANIAL'IALn bdines To Take Stand on Embargo but Sees "Cash, Carry" Sentiment. tr Tk Aet4 tf r.sSHiNGTON. Sept. 20 Alf jori. Republican leader, sr-'.e for President Roosevelt' .i;:ty conference today and urged a continuous con-is djrirg the European war i-j '"inere 15 more cimiiaencc t uniiea juagmeru 01 uie -fif-.!jt:'.es than in any one j-i cp-.nion. 1938 Republican presiden ,; a.r.i.dAe declined at a press Jrtn.-e to take a stand on the tiu or repealing me arms --irzo provision of the present .iral-ty law. Lioim did tell newsmen that .- raj a strong mid-west senti- t for adoption ol cash-and- -7 system of exports to bellig-?r.or to the White House meet- i Stephen Early, press secre- t ted reporters Mr. Kooseven a "d.sposed to have a very tree frank discussion of neutral' w:t! the congressional and po. .11 leaders summoned to an 'moon conference. See Shift In Sentiment There has been a "very inter' tl shift" in sentiment in the n two weeks, Landon said, from "fatalistic conviction that we 'A get into the war in the There has been a definite shift ae last two weeks that we not going to get into it," Lan za ss!d. "The yardstick by which I t ire measuring everything now Whether it is going to keep us k of war." Early said the President's neu-ity address to congi ess tomor-" probably would be about 'ffl words. fr. Roosevelt remained In his " House study to plan for the 'fmoon conference and work on s address. The bi-partisan meeting, set for ?. m. was expected to receive 5-esidentiaI plea for quick and ted action in the special session the senate and house which will ffn tomorrow. Whether Mr. Roosevelt will ask irress to repeal the entire neu-iity act instead of Just the arms "bargo section will have to await message, he told reporters yes-"day. Opposition forces in the senate, 'ever, served notice that they ;r.ned a determined struggle to a n the embargo, although they maimed any intention of tiu- - wring. -- Members Rash Back Trains, planes and autos with xial license plates were bring-i legislators back to Washing-1 less than Jwo months after "Fess adjourned without act-? on presidential appeals to re- the neutrality law, Jesptte their diversent vlewi rjwarms embargo, members Gen. Mud Comes to Poland's Aid-Too LatejfjflflS REDS!Hit,er'" ?p"ch yra ,. .rjw "'.r T"" ?Sr ,'-T&' -f ass at a a a 1 1 GlVCS I II d 1 C & 1 1 O tl IN ULOIOIUI. UI1 A German officer's car and a field kitchen find it hard going as they move up on rain- soaked road toward the front season to halt the German ad-line in Poland. The Poles had vanre, but the Nazis struck too counted on near-impassabiliry quickly. (International N w of their roads during tha rainy Photo.) POLISH SPLIT High Commands of Two Arm ies Agree on Lines of Partition. ACCUSE WOMAN 111 FINK TRIAL Jurors Say Witness for Mother "Talked" with Them; Judge To Act BULLETINS arnto LANDON, Page 9) LOCK CIVIL SERVICE VOTE IN NOVEMBER Jt Court Battle Goes On To Test New Law. Zitr - Sept 20 - a t . re-ereridum on the new "-"vice leglation has been 0 up 'too long" by Secretary x- w De placed -e .November baUot, Demo-Chairman Arthur L. ,7" oecjired today. 1 v.Vsam tune. Limbach , iJemocraUc organization -o ,0 court today to seek Zl? impelling Griffith to 'T? Petitions he already ."ected and send them to -k o "n boards i vaWity of signatures. Alty- Gen. Thomas - :. '5 "squest that he take .Ccan laments on an- t -"'wiiig me reieren-V --rsch said: trust you riat; 'cierenaum is sacred and whii th. ro and vhtla tK nf t;kr'8 to be placed .-,. aiJ2. m November of l'r yet tht should not 1:?." Jour duty to protect c': reJerted the petitions . -.""rang signatures : i:-";:eient- and yesterday V ... '.', ppoinreci neroert ..'-'ej of St. ClairH1 embership on the civil Mr The AorlrJ Piwh FREMONT, O., Sept. 20 Six of eight women on the jury try ing Velma Baker Fink for the slaying of her 10-week-old son admitted to Judge A. V. Ban- mann that a defense witness had "talked" to them. Judge Baumann permitted the trial to continue after the jurors said their conversations with the witness would not impair "a fair verdict." We will have protection for justice in this court," . said the judge. "The "court will not pass lightly over this incident." Jurors identified the defense witness as Mr. Grace Siessman, widow of a banker at nearby Clyde, where the brunet defendant resided. Convenes After Recess As court convened after a day's recess, Judge Baumann said one juror had informed him of a conversation with the witness. He turned to the jury box and asked if any others had been approached. The six women raised their hands. The court publicly criticized the witness, who he said, had been "reared in an atmosphere of law." Judge Baumann said later that after the conclusion of the trial he would charge Mrs. Slessman with contempt of court. "She will be called before the bench and given an opportunity to answer the charges," the judge sain. The fate of the 22-year-old mother, who faces the electric chair if convicted without 1 recommendation of mercy, is ex Dec ted to be placed in the hands of a jury of eight women and four men tomorrow. 1 en 01 tne jurors are Daren ts. As the trial went Into Its seventh day. Prosecutor A. L. Hy- zer summoned psychiatrists as re buttal witnesses against the de fense's contention of temporary insanity. Dark-eved Mrs. Fink confessed last June that she threw her child. Haldon, into the deep waters of nearby Green creeK. -My mma must have siiDPed," she said. Rut on the witness stand, Mrs. Fink rerjeatedly replied "1 can't remember." "There was a hard pressure on my head and things looked black, said the witness, wearing a simple black dress almost severe in style. .-d to BLOCK, Page ) LOUIS-PASTOR TILT ON RADIO TONIGHT Broadcast of tonight's heavy weieht fieht between Joe Louis, champion, ana boo fastor, con tender for the crown, is ached uied to be broadcast at 9:30. Su tions on the WJZ-NBC network will carry the broadcast Th fieht is being staged in Bnggs stadium in Detroit and is expected to attract some 40.000 fans. DELAWARE SHERIFF FINED FOR SPEEDING Br Th tUMlllH Fieu COLUMBUS. 0 Sept 20 Ar rested for speeding 62 miles an hour on North High street here. Sheriff Merton F. Pinney of Delaware county was fined $20 and costs in traffic court today. Pin ney was halted Monday while en route to get a prisoner here. Br Th Arttt4 Pr, American Escape CERNAUTI. Rumania, Sept 20 Richard Mowrer, correspondent for the Chicago Daily News, escaped from the Russian-occupied section of Poland last night by wading the Dniester river. (Mowrer yesterday was reported to have been under arrest by Soviet soldiers at the Polish frontier town of ZaleszczykJ.) Mowrer and William Morton, United States vice consul in Warsaw, were cought on the Polish side of the river by the Russian occupation. Morton still is in Zaleszczyki, unable to get Ru sian permission to enter Rumania. Marshal Interned BUCHAREST, Sept 20 The Rumanian goverment announced today Marshal Edward bmigly Rydz, chief of Poland's scattered military forces, . would be interned in Rumania for duration of the European war, despite ap peals from Britain and France. The Nazis have insisted the marshal, like other soldiers, should be forced to stay in the country to which he fled. Blockade Denied TALLINN. Estonia, Sept 20 Foreign reports that Soviet Russian ships had blockaded Eston ia's coast .were described here to day as unfounded. The Russian fleet was acknowl edged to be at sea near Estonian waters, but it was said it had not yet interfered with Estonian trade. (Reports reaching Stockholm Tuesday said Russia blockaded Estonia presumably in retaliation for failure to prevent an interned Polish submarine from sailing from Tallinn.) Italy Withdraws Troops home. Sept. 20 Italy an nounced today the withdrawal of her troops from the Albanian Greek frontier as evidence of "complete reciprocal trust' between Italy and Greece, The gesture came as Italy appeared to be solidifying her position as leader of the neutral states of southern Europe. Italy occupied Albania in brief Easter week-end campaign which carried Italian troops to the Greek frontier. BUCYRUS MAN DIES IN CRASH J. W. Kramer. 33, Killed as Cattle-Loaded Truck Hits Culvert. U. S. Ship Fired On NEW YORK. Sept 20 A German submarine fired a shot across the bow of the American freighter Wacosta Sept 9 near the Irish coast because of a misunderstanding, the master of the American vessel said when it arrived to day. Capt George R. Self said he did not understand the submarine's blinker signal to heave to and be fore he could consult his code book the shot was fired. The 24 passengers aboard the Wacosta were treated cordially by the submarine officer and three of his sailors who boarded the freighter, Self said. Cannonading Heard COPENHAGEN, Sept 20 Can nonading, which fishermen said could come only from the guns of , warship and not from airplane I bombs, were heard today southeast of the Island of Laesoe in the strait of Kattegatt an arm of the North Sea between Sweden and Denmark. The Aaiborg newspaper Amt- stidende reported heavy cannon 8ltal Tha star ' BUCYRUS, Sept 20 John William Kramer, 33, of Bucyru was killed this morning when the cattle-loaded truck he was driving crashed Into a culvert near here and the load shifted forward, pinning him in the cab. Mr. Kramer, driving to Bucy- rus from Cleveland with 16 head of cattle, was operating a truck owned by the Henry Johnson Cat tle Co. of Buryrus. It is believed that the truck got out of control when he went to sleep. When the truck hit a cul vert about 14 miles northeast of Bucyrus on Route 88, the heavy cargo was plunged forward against the cab, shoving him against the the wheel. The accident occurred about 4:30. He was pronounced dead when the Munz ambulance arrived at City hospital. Death was due to a crushed chest The body wag taken to the Wis funeral home, When the crash occurred the cattle escaped but were corraled within a short time. None was injured. Mr. Kramer was not married. He lived In Bucyrus with his mother, Mrs. Mary Yanka Kramer, and sister. Mr. Anna Marie McMahon. They are the only survivors. He was a member of Holy Trln ity Catholic church where the re- qiuem mass will be celebrated Friday morning. STEEL OUTPUT UP TO "BOOH" LEVEL Largest Producer of Nation Fires 3 More Furnaces. r Th IMAM FrM PITTSBURGH. Sent 20 Out put of the nation's largest steel producer rapidly neared the 1937 boom levels today with the fir ing of three additional blast furnaces in this district and a 20 per cent boost in coal production in the rich ConnelisvilJe region. Carnegie-Illinois Steel Corp., U. S. Steel subsidiary, announced the three furnaces would be placed in operation at the Du- quesne works, the Carrie furnaces in Rankin, Pa., and the Ohio works in Youngstown, bringing to 24 the number of furnaces now being used by the company. H, C. Fnck Coke company. "big steel's" coal producing subsidiary, placed all its 14 pits on six-day schedule and orrered 2.000 additional coal diggers back to work. It recently reopened six mines,"" giving work to 4,000 miners. ( Turn to BULLETINS. Page S) TEMPERATURES Observer Eaffensperger's Report Pr rt hglw a. at. n rr4mr mm m. tm. 4ar. Maximum Yesterday 78 Minimum Yesterday 57 Barometer 29 25 Weather Cloudy One Tear Ac Teday Maximum 61 Minimum 44 Hp Th aHWl4 rrM BERLIN. Sept 20 Th supreme high command disclosed today that Germany and Soviet Russia had reached an agreement on the partition of Poland, at least so far as their armies of oc cupation are concerned. That th demarcation line had been set was announced in a high command communique which, however, did not say where the line run. It asserted the German forces would withdraw from their present position after "destruction of in last remnant of the Folish army there" to the "demarcation line definitely fixed between the German ana Russian government." Whether this line lies east or wet of Warsaw was not indicated. The entire Rumanian frontier, bordering southeast Poland, ts in Russian hands. Presumably as the Germans retire, the Red army will take their place by advancing west ward from their present positions. Whether the army occupation areas later will become the new boundaries between Germany and Russia was a moot question. Adoif Hitlers war policy speech in reclaimed Danzig was taken to day by some observers at a warn ng that the powerful German air fleet might be dispatched to Eng. land if the British naval block. ade is considered to be working hamshlpi on the German people Th fuehrer was believed by the observers to be planning an eye-for-an-eye war, if neces sary. Nasi Poller Outlined In Danzig yesterday, he threat ened to fight "in the same manner as our opponents." Out of his long addrets to th cheering throng that and other salient indications of German policy were drawn t 1 Germany Is ready to fight seven years. 2 "For every bomb falling on a German city, five or 10 will fall on their (enemy) cities." 3 Germany and SovUt Russia, "the two greatest peoples and states," alone will decide the fate of Poland and stablih peace and order in eastern Europe. 4 Germany regards the western boundary of the reich as "final," and has no "war alms" against Britain or France. 5 Twenty years of national sociali&m have unified the Ger man people so firmly that foreign propaganda effort to cause distention are "laughable." The impassioned hour and 14- minute speech, regarded by many as Hitlers rootf forceful, was i-onsictered not a "peace offer' but a firm outline of terms un der which Germany would r frain from turning the present limited war into a bloodier flict A few hours after Hitler re counted the progress of German arms on the Polish front which he has been touring for 18 days. th army high command report ed new advance. Many Prisoner Taken A communique said the battle near Kutno ended with more than 105,000 prisoners taken and enormous ' los'tes to tne enemy in dead and wounded. Hitler had told of 300,000 prisoner capturde. Observers said timer peecn. offering no compromise with the western powers, was in eueci his last word to th nation of Europe. The Berlin newspaper tsoersen Zeitung called trie address a last clarification" or tn reicn s stand. Hitler's reference to a "weapon with which to counter the British blockade was cheered wildly. Enaland already ha begun to fight against women and chil dren." he said, "iney nave weapon which they think is un beatable nameiy, aominaiiuo oi the seas. On the sea they say England can not be attacked and therefor they are justified in waging a war with that weapon against women and children not only of th enemy but also of neutral. "They should have no Illusions. Th time could rapidly come when w apply a weapon against which w can not be attacked. Let us hope that they then suddenly do not remember humanity." Germany did not want that type of warfare, he said, adding that during the Polish campaign he had given order to "par, cities if possible." of Lengthy War By DtWtTT MA( KTNZIE Ar Foreign Affairs Write Heir littler ha made his peace gesture peace on my temi, lake tt or leav it to be rented by the Anglo-French aUlea Unot befuro his emotional voo stopped violating ttutmgri the wrld is dios from Daniug, whether some third party muM'i;ru. for instance uu my venture m propos peac ngi-tiaUoiu hasn't yet bn-n mad clear. Th allied answer, however, must always remain the same un less there is revolutionary rhango either In their view or thre of Hitler. la I0U Pwlllon Tne Anglo-French pledge to Poland place them in th tn position they occupied as regard litt le Belgium In the World whr The Ang!o-Frvnch bond with roland commits them to lh Uk or expelling Uermany or any other invader. And they h widened th field by declaring that they will not quit until "llitlerlsm is smashed." So it look i as if there ta (Turn to M'KENZIE, Pag 9) RUSSIA BLOCKS POLEHSCAPE Entire Rumanian Border Reported Cut Off; Warsaw Still Holding Out. r Th MTll4 fra . BUDAPEST. Sept. 20 Fa( moving Soviet mechanued forews pushing fattiter westward into Toland were reported today to have blockaded the entire P-Ul:- Rumanian frontier while Warsaw, still fighting the German lnvn-ion, buried her dead In public parks, Severe fighting was reported especially around Lwow and in Uie Bug river ditrlrt The massing of Russian troop along the Rumanian border cut the stream of refugees from Poland, but thousands, finding their way barred on tht border, poured Into Hungary. Soldiera among them were disarmed and civilian were sent to special camp. A Hungarian agency estimated 30.000 civilian and 10,000 soldiers had reached th Rumanian border town of Cernauti before the Soviet line were drawn. 13th Day of Rlege Radio broadcasta from Warsaw, entering the thirteenth day of siege, presented a graphic picture of a city whos defender had vowed to resist the German to th death and seemed to b doing it. "Warsaw will resist." saia communique read over th capi tal's radio station last nigni. -we have confidence In our government and confidence In our great allies, France and Britain. Warsaw i doing it duty." The communion went on to tell of widespread destruction from German bomb and shells, of bombs that fell before St. John's cathedral as worshipper emerged from mas, of machine-gun at tack from the ir on the church eoem. The communlaue ended: "Many war cemeteries are now in th nubile parks of Warsaw." Ijiter. th Polish commander, a General Czuma, came on the air and broadrat a report hi men had Inflicted heavy lone on Ger man Infantrymen in the Praga su burban district to the esst and also on the west. Mayor Stefan MarzinaW askea. NOTHING WILL STOP WAR'S PROSECUTION, CHAMBERLAIN SAYS Br Th A44 fe LONDON, Sept, 20Prime Minister Chamberlain de-clarni today that no threats could deter Rriuln ami her Hies from achieving their war aims but that "what we will not do i ta rush into Adventure that offer littl proa, pect of MicceM," With the obvioua purpose, of allayinir public anxiety as to whether the western alliea were atnkinjr vigorously enough against Germany, Chamberlain declared in tha houae of commons: "Ther is no aacrifice from which w will shrink. There i no operation we will not undertake provided our responsible advixem, our allies and we ourselvea are convinced that it will makef" "" "' - (Turn to RUSSIA, Page 9) FESTIVAL OPENS AT GREEN CAMPTOIIIGHT Amateur Contest To Start 4-Day Corn Show. Arrangement were completed today for th Green Camp "corn festival" which open tonight and continues throughout th week. A hlehliaht of th opening pro gram will be an amateur contest whirh will be held on th Green Camp quar at S o'clock tonight Cash prize are onereo m win ners. . . Tomorrow night starting at o'clock, residents of the commurt- iv wiit fwent a naseant. "Amer ica Vnin and Mine.'1 at the "corn! merit to make. bowl" In Green Camp. Features of ipoe in this struggle is well known. an appropriate contribution to victory." Replying to Adolf Hitler' Dan-tig speech yesterday Chamber lain said Britain general war purpo was to "redeem Europe from tit perpetual fear ol Ger man aggression and enabl to people of Europe to prerv their indepedenc and llhei'Uea," He added that "no threat will deter ua or our French allies from this purpose," He declared agairmt uncertain adventure "calculated to Impair our resources and to postpone ul tlmat victory." "On lenson which military hi tory teaches t that road lead to dUaster." he said. Strategy, Chamberlain went on, is "the art of concentrating de cklv force at th decUlv point at th decisive moment" He said he would "not haiard guesa at Utl stag of th war to when or where th d llv fori will tie aaiarmbled or wlieej the decUive moment will arrive. He aald this mini depend upon event and art'lnd "The scale tif duf pieparatlona and the fact already announced that we ar basing them on th auumiition that duration of Hi war may r at let three year Insure that our strength will increase progrelveIy to meet whatever may come. Refer to Hitler' "peerh "Herr Hitler asy much In hi speech about th humane methods with which h has waged war, Chamberlain continued. "I can only say that method are not made humane by calling them so and that account of German bombing of open town and machine-gunning of refugee hav shocked th whole world, It was Uie prim minister third weekly report on th con flict. He announced that th govern ment calculated 139 British and neutral live had been lt to far from submarine attacks, cxrlud ing the sinking of th aircraft carrier Courageous, and that an additional 44 person wer r ported mlsxing. Th admiralty renorted 478 missing from th Ciiir neons. Chamberlain told th house; "It Is still too early to pronounce any final verdict" on what he termed Soviet Russia' "cynical ttnck" on Poland, He also declared Adolf Hitler' oeech at Daniil eterdy "doe not chant: the situation with which we ar confronted." With Soviet Ambassador Ivan Malsky leaning forward from th gallery, Chamberhin declared that tnr Poland, "th unhappy victim" of Russia' attack, "th result ha been a tragedy of the grimmest character." Poland Not Forgotten Chamberlain said that despite th fact that Britain and France had bevn unable to sav Poland from defeat "they have assured her that they have not forgotten their obligation to her nor weakened In their determination to carry on th struggle." He then declared th navy anti-submarine campaign In two week had achieved more result than were accomplished "over much longer period In th last war" and added that "already six or seven submarine hav paid the full penalty." In some case, the prim minister said, "crews of U-boat have been captured." Chamberlain asserted "it is already clear that th navy and merchant marine will b able to maintain essential supplies of raw material and food tor tfu country." Dealing with Hitler' speech, Chamberlain said: "It is not our way In this country to speak; with boast and threats. . . I have only one general com- our general pur- the Friday night program Jill coronation of "King Corn" ana a huge parade through th Green Camp busmts district It is to redeem Europe from the perpetual and recurring fear of French Determine To Carry on Until Victory Is Reached Mr Th A wet 14 PrvM PARIS, Sept 20 Th French eatilnet lodsy proclaimed it determination to 'rry on th war to definite victory." A communiqu issued after a three-hour meeting at th F.lyse palar under President I-ebrun alo declared th union of Fram and Grvat Britain w "closer dally and promised that Poland would b rewarded "in common victory." Th meeting wa th cabinet's first sine Premier Daitutier formed a war government Sept communique, without mentioning Adolf Hitler directly, rvf as tha French reply to the fuehrer' speech yesterday at Dansig. Scattered fighting, meanwhile, ourrd along Frame' northeastern frontier as French military leader atudied report that German troops wer massing near Aachen, oppoait lb ealin fron tier of Belgium, through which country th German marched in 1014. It was noted that Aachen I not on any direct rout to the front where th French and Ger man ar fighting. A major offensive wa expect ed with th arrival of troop re- leased fiom th campaign in Poland. Official report of th brogues of hostilities claimed minor suc cesses and voiced satisfaction with operation on th naval front. A aeml-offlcial announcement said "four or five" German submarines had been sunk by (Turn to PARIS. Page 9) PHYSICAL DIRECTOR NAMED ATJ. H. C. A. Cleveland Man Selected; R. C. Hicks Wins Promotion. (Turn to CHAMBERLAIN. Pg. 9) Appointment of a new Y M C.A, physical director and th advance ment of hi predecessor to tne position of boys' work secretary wa announced today by Judge Hector S, Young, president of the board of director. Richard H. Brandt 24. of C'eve- land, a gradual last June of Wit tenberg college In &pringf:eld. wa named physical director. He , will begin his dutle immediately. Robert C. Hick, replaced by Mr. Brandt has been named hoy's work secretary. Mr. Hicks, a gradual of Ohio Stat university, cam her a year ago a physical tree tor. His home is in bpnng- fleld. Mr. Brandt will have charge of men's and women' activity at the Y. He will direct th organization of recreational clase and will have charge of the athletic program. He wa awarded a B, s, degree tn education from Wittenberg where he majored in physical ed ucation and social sciences. H wat active in high school and col lege athletics, winning letter award in four major sports, foot-' ball, basketball, track and swimming. A graduate of West Tech High school In Cleveland h wa affiliated with th West Branch Y in that city. Sine hi graduation from Wittenberg in June he served as physical director at th state Y camp at Brinkhaven. O. He will work with A. W. Rett. chairman of the physical education committee, in formulating plans for the activity prog cam here. Mr. Hicks new duties wi.I in clude the organization and direction of boys' clubs and general boys activity. He will plan the , boys program with the assistance of E. G. Siefert, chairman of, the boys' work committee.

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