The Courier News from Blytheville, Arkansas on July 14, 1950 · Page 1
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The Courier News from Blytheville, Arkansas · Page 1

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Friday, July 14, 1950
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BLYTHEVILLE COURIER NEWS THK DOMINANT NKWSPAPBl OT NORTHKAST ARKANSAS AND SOUTHEAST MISSOURI VOL. XLVI—NO. 98 Blythevllle Dally Nem BlytbevlUc Courier Mississippi Valley BlythevUle Her&ld BLYTHEVIIXE, ARKANSAS, FRIDAV, JU1A' 14, 1950 KOUK'i'KEN PAGKS SINGLE COPIES FIVE CENTS ^Var Briefs By THE ASSOCIATED I'KKSS Marines Head tor Korea SAN DIEGO — Marine* of the Fifth Regiment, many of 'hem battle-toughened veterans of World War n, are all set to sail for the Korean war zone. They embarked aboard the transport Henrice yesterday as the First Maine Division completed loading operations, Two other transports 1 stood by to take on mort troops and at the Naval Air station the escort carrier Badoeng strait was completing the loading of planes of the First Marine Air Wing from El Toro, Calif. To Speed Arms Supply COPENHAGEN, Denmark— The Military production and Supply Board of the Atlantic Pact Countries promised yesterday to speed up delivery of arms to Europe. It also said the time hari come to -speed up arms production in ifcYVest Europe. The board indicated <^^took Ihe si>ecd-\lp action localise of the Korean conflict. Oil Needs Discussed HOUSTON—The National Military Petroleum Board continues its secret discussions here today of the nation's petroleum needs In a national emergency. The board, named by the secretary of the interior, has the task of keeping in touch with national defense developments and planning lor passible quick conversion of the petroleum industry to war production. Staff Chiefs Leave TOKPO— Gen. J. Lawkm Collins and Gen. Hoyt S. Vaiidenberg, Army and Air Force chiefs of staff, loft today by plane for Washington after visiting embattled South Korea. Vandenberg said Thuisday'o big B-M raid on Woman, North Korea— "only nine days after the 50 crews were alerted in tlic United States — should give food for thought to those in the world who would violate by military aggression Ihe peace and indcepndence of others." Gets UN Flag TOKYqSpijijiil Maf Arthur-, tort- •v'^WHKjjf ~*5s**£i _VatIons xmf^tm*: hx,; co HIM would do all in its power to up hold this noble ideal." ^The flag—a white globe surrounded, by laurel branches on a blue field—is the "symbol of. one of the greatest efforts man has made to free himself," MacAiihur declared. Report Red Tibet Entry HONG KONG — Independent : newspaper reports said today that more than 20,000 Chinese Red troops entered strategic Tibet early this month. There was no conirmation. But observers agree such a move is logical. The Chinese Communists had announced their intention of bringing Tibet under Red control, Walker Is Confident Reds and Yanks Clash in Artillery Duel- UN Nations Told Aid Will Be Welcome Americans, However, To Bear Main Burden By JOHN M. HIGHTOWKR WASHINGTON, July M. (AP)— The United States is quietly informing other interested United Nations members that it would welcome participation of their jrround forces in the fighting in Korea. KKDS CROSS KUM RIVER—Intense fighting was reported today along the Kiim River front after a small band of Communists crossed the river in the face of American artillery and aircraft dcfctises. The attack was reported to be taking place west of Kongju (at lower left of black arrow at left). This is abont 20 miles north of the provisional South Korean capital of Taejon and key defense center. Open arrows (lower right) show main supply route from port of Pusan to the front. (AP Wircphoto Map). SOMEWHERE IN SOUTH KOREA—U. Gen. Walton H. Walker, taking 'command of U. S, forces in Korea, declared today "we are fighting in Korea the age-old struggle «f freedom against tyranny." "The army of the Republic of Korea lias m a d e a inngniltcant stand against, heiu-y odds," the Kighth Army commander said. "There is no question whatever about the outcome of this struggle. We shall win." & Nationalists Pull Out TAIPEI, Formosa—The Ciiinc.se Nationalist Navy announced today it had withdrawn its marines from Nanshanwci Island In the Wan- 5han group, southwest ol Hong Kong, because the island had lost Its strategic value. President, Cabinet Study Mobilization WASHINGTON. July 14. (/Pi—President Truman explored with his cabinet today the whole range of possible home-front mobilization measures but cabinet officers said no decisions were reached. There was also a discussion of the military outlook. Gen. Omar Bradley, chairman of the joint chiefs of staff, gave a briefing on the military situation. , None of the cabinet officers who talked with reporters after the 45-minute meeting would say what Bradley had told them. They also declined to say what specific home front measures were discussed but said the talks covered the whole range. In Congress, any idea of giving Mi-. Truman standby authority to impose economic uuiUols ran into Ual opposition from Senator Taft '(R-OhlotJ <f * ^gj^fe^ Si <- ~ yf ^^£tt^^ 1 ^fcpPy|jiBliB^jjHy can Policy, committebi-.told a reporter tienSfOTlingto work with the administration in preparing a bill for Congressional action, if controls become necessary because ol .the Korean war. "But I am opposed to the idea of giving the president blank check or standby authority to ptlt controls into operation," he said. "I think Congress' ought to be on the jcb-and approve any measures that are necessary in the light of the situation that exists at the time." Mr. Tinman indicated at his news conference yesterday he has no Immediate plans for asking for emergency powers to deal witli the allocation of materials, conversion of industry or price-wage controls. He said, however, that every phase of' possible industrial mobilization efforts is under consideration. He added that at the proper time, necessary 'steps would be taken. Calling in of the National Guard, reservists and specialists is tinder consideration. The President's advisers were reported divided on the best course or action, with one group contending that he ought to ask immediately for standby authority and another arguing that the country can absorb the needed military outlays and still keep business going as usual. Lawmakers generally welcomed Mr. Truman's statement yesterday that, there is no food shortage or rationing in sight and that there is no need for hoarding. Wcother Arkansas forecast: Partly cloudy this afternoon, tonight, and Saturday. A little warmer in north portion Saturday. Missouri forrcast: Increasing cloudiness and warmer tonight and Bulgarian, Yugoslav Soldiers Trade Shots BELGRADE. July 14. W--Yugoslavia accused Bulgaria today of sending army patrols across the frontier yesterday in tour separate incidents in which shots were exchanged and one Bulgarian soldier killed. Tlic Yugoslav Foreign Ministry* . _ banded the Bulgarian legation here ; a formal note, charging that four incidents were touched off by Bulgarian efforts to capture Yugoslav guards on Yugoslav territory. Yugoslavia demanded "most energetically" that Ihe Bulgarian government "halt these practices." The charge intensified the Balkan cold war of nerves between Premier Marshal Tito's government and the Russian-dominated Com inform which ousted Tito in 1048. A broadcast recorded by the Belgrade radio said the incidents occurred early last evening when a Bulgarian soldier crossed the border into Yugoslav territory. McMath Due Today Gov. Sid Mcivfath Is scheduled to arrive at the Municipal Airirart at 5 p.m. today for a speaking and handshaking appearance on the Court House Lawn at 8 o'clock tonight. There is no expectation among top officials here, however, that the main burden of battle can or will be borne by other than American troops. Several reasons are advanced for this, the chief one being that the United States is the nation in the best iwssible position to do the job. President Truman was asked at his news conference yesterday what he thought about ground forces Irom other countries joining the fight, lie simply referred to a news conference statement which Secretary ol State Acheson had made on Wednesday. Any Offer "Helpful" Acheson said the Slate Department was discassing the problem with the United Nations and the Army. Obviously, he added, any offer of troops would be most helpful. The problem lias been dramatized in Congress for a greater efTort by other United Nations members in the Korean war, and it is reported to have heen a source of concern to top authorities in both the State and Defense Departments. Meanwhile there have Ijeen reports that the government of Pakistan was considering offering troops to Gen. Douglas MacArthur, the U.N. commander in Korea, and tha some other governments, so far undisclosed, were also thinking about making offers. The only foreign proposal to date came from Ihe Chinese Nationalist regime on Formosa and reportedly lias been discouraged by MacArthur on two grounds as: (1) that the Nationalist troops are needed for the defense of Formosa against the Communists, and (2) their use in Korea might bring the Chinese Reds in on the side of the North Koreans. Brtiam, France Most Able Britain and France are the countries generally considered most able to take.over a share of the fighting and to operate alongside American forces. Actually,^ authorities here say, both are. already deeply committed to the unti-CommunLst fight in other sectors of Asia. British forces are battling Communists in Malaya and have been for several years. They also are standing guard over the British crown colony of Hong Kong on the IwKler of Communist China. Prance has the equivalent of about 10 divisions in action on guard against the Communists in Indochina. Britain and several other conn- tries 'have already placed naval forces under MacArthnr's command. France is-cxpcctcd to send a naval unit in the immediate future. From a strictly military point of view, officials said, the transportation and supply difficulties Involved in putting international forces in the field and maintaining them there are far greater than the difficulties involved in joint naval and air operations. Methods Differ Friendly foreign armies use weapons, tactics and In most cases languages different from those of the United States. In some inslanccsl they would probably have to be re-equipped and even partially retrained in order to fight effectively in Korea. An exception to this general problem would be the assignment of an entire division or army corps by another government to NfacArthur's command. A large unit, fighting in a sector of its own, might not need close coordination with American forces and could employ fully Its own weapons and tactics. H would, however, require special transport and supply arrangements. From a policy point of view, officials said. It is desirable to have: as many members of the United Nations as possible take part In the Korean action—because this Is See U. N. All) on Page Lie Asks 52 UN Nations to Send Troops to Korea LAKE SUCCESS, July 14. (AP) — U.N. Secretary General Trygve Lie urgently appealed today to 52 U.N. members for ground forces niul other assistance for the U.N. Korean war effort. Lie told a news conference the unified command under the United States is in urgent need of additional effective assistance. He dispatched telegrams to all U.N countries backing the Sccunti Council action against Communist North Korea, felling them he would be grateful for them to consider tin possibility of such assistance, "including combat forces, particular!! ground forces." Lie said these forces should be "effective forces" and not "token.' He expressed hope it will not take more than three to six months to end the war in Korea, but said the full extent of all concerned Is necessary. Lie made no comment when asked for the U.N. attitude on possible use of atomic bombs. He said he would refasc to comment on all questions on that subject "uecr.iise there has been too much partisan propaganda on the Issue." There are 59 U.N. members. Those not receiving the telegram were tlic United states, which is carrying the burden of fighting, the Soviet- bloc and Yugoslavia. The .Russian -bloc and Yugoslavia opposed the Security Council action. Enemy Push to Crack River Front Indicated TOKYO, Saturday, July 15. (AP)—Field dispatches early today reported intense artillery dueling across the Kiim Kiver iind strong guerrilla raids behind the Americaa linen, indiciilins that the Ing NoMi Korean push to crack the river front might be at hand. HKI.I) nv ItKDS—Capl. Ambrose II. Nugent, •!!, ol Merrill, Wis., (above), Is reported a prf- soiifir of North Korean Hods. U. S. government monitors .said 11 statement attributed to Nugent had been broadcast by the North Ko- renn controlled Seoul radio, denouncing U. S. intervention. Nu- Bciit's father, Hugh, snid his son, veleran of World War II, "would never do a tiling like that."—(AP Wircphoto). Missco Draft Quota Is Due Next Week Miss Kosa Sallha, clerk nf the M1ssissi|>|il County draft h(i;lrd, said [his miirninj; (h»( her nttKr. was notified jrsltnlay by a SI ale Sflf.rllve Service official In Little flock that Mississippi County's firsi draft quola .will \tc set next wcrk. •Tim first i|iioU, Miss Snliba siiid, will be small ami will in- cuclc 1:11:11 In the 25-jcars-of-ai;<: Srnii|i. Tlic <|UOla. .slit: slllil. will include bnlli whiti: uiul Negro cligiblcs. Arkansas' ijuota for (tie first draft was set earlier this week at 2M. Decision on Use 01 Reserves and juard Due Soon WASIIINC5TON. July 14. I/I 1 )—A decision on whether to call the National Guard and armed forces reserves to active duly may be reached soon alter the return tomorrow ol two members of the joint chiefs from the Far East. An Informed official said lodas tlic Defense Department Is awaiting their return before deciding finally on whether to recommend those steps to the White House. The Department apparently has advised the White House that sue! action may be necessary, but ha. not forwarded a definite rccom mcndailon, General .;. ).iwlon Collins. Army chief of staff, and General Hoy ViuKtcnbci'g. the Air Force chief are due in Washington tomorrow They have been in Tokyo conferr ing witli Gen. Douglas MacArlliu on his needs. With them they presumably wil bring the latest picture of the 'Ko rcan War, Including whatever fres: requests MacArthur may have mad< While Collins and vandenber have been away, the Kiralegy-mak ing Joint chiefs of staff have/bee operating with only two meml>er Gen. Omar Hradiey, the chairman ami Admiral Forrest Sherman, th chief of naval operations. The question of calling at leas some Guard units and rcscrvis Ui-active duty beccmes increasing! urgent as' the Korean war begin to compel the United States to sun over units from It* mobile reserv at home. Russians May Seek to Lure I/. S, Into Excessive Effort in Korea WASHINGTON, July 14. (AT)— KiiKsia may he trying to lure the United States inl so ifreal a military effort in Korea that it could be helpless to challenge liirire-HCiile W grossion elsewhere. Illustrating this Is a question pl)s- ed for President Truman at a news conference yesterday and his cautious reply. , He was asked, "are we prepared Nine Persons Hurt in 2 of 3 Wrecks in Missco Last Night WARMER Saturday with higher humidity Saturday. Low tonight. 55-GO southeast: high Saturday, in 80's. Minimum this morning—62. Maximum ye.slerdav—81. Sunset today—7:14! Sunrise tomorrow—4:58. Prcdpitation 24 hours lo 7 a m today—.34. Total since Jan. 1—34.70. Mean temperature (midway between high and low)—71.5. i Normal mean temperature for (•truly—81.5. -'" Tills Dale Last Vrar • Minimum this morning—14, Maximum yesterday—90. Precipitation Jan. 1 to thii date —32.06. New York Stocks Closing Quotations: AT&T Amer Tobacco Anaconda Copper ... Beth Steel Chrysler ...,.>.. Coca Cola Gen Electric Geti Motors Montgomery Ward .. N Y Central Inl Harvester .. J C Penney ....... Republic Steel Radio Socony Vacuum .... Stndebnkcr Standard of N ,r Scars Packard U S Steel . Southern Pacific | Nine persons were injured, none | believed serious]}', in two of three accidents in different parts of the county last night. Eight of the injured were Blythe ville Negroes who were hurt in a car-truck pile-up at the Yarbro 149 bridge on North Highway 61. The 64 1-2 eighth person injured was Miss 30 1-2 Betty Bonie of Wilson, who suf- 37 1-2 fered cuts about the head and face 66 1-4 in a three-vehicle collision on High- 122 3-4 way 01 near Joiner. 42 5-8 One of the Injured Negroes is 79 1-2 51 1-4 12 5-8 26 55 3-4 34 3-8 16 1-4 19 3-8 26 7-8 70 3-8 41 1-4 1 32 7-8 55 3-4 72-year-old woman who Is in Walls Hospital for observation, Hospita attendants said she is suffering from a possible fractured hip. The others, Evelyn Sanders. Ktla Mae Henry. Arthur Sehorn, Elmo Semo, Elmo Crowley and Gussle Brooks, were released from the hospital last night after receiving emergency first aid treatment. All of the Negroes are from Blythe- vllle. According to Stale Trouper Don Walker, the Negroes were injured when the truck In which they were riding plowed Into the rear of an automobile transport truck whlcl had stopped on the south end ol the bridge. The collision blockec north-south traffic on the highway for approximately an hour. Stopped lo Checfc Clearance Trooper Walker quoted Woodroi H. Goforth, driver of the aut transport truck, as saying that h_ had stopped his truck on the soutl end of the bridge lo check its over head clearance and that the trucl bearing the Negroes plowed Intc the rear of his track. Lee Brooks, Negro, driver of th other truck satd that the Iransport "stopped suddenly In front of him and he was following closely." The injured Negroes were brought lo the hospital here by taxi. No arrests were made pending further Investigalion. Trooper Walker said. Assisting with the Investigation were State Trooper Clyde Barker and sheriff's deputies Hoi- See WRECKS on Page s to resist aggression everywhere in the world?" Tils reply was that the situation would have to be met as it developed. Military lenders at the Pentagon attach importance to persistent rumors of concentration of Chinese Communist forces and the enrollment of Russian volunteers lor the aid of North Korean Commun- st army. May Rr Gradual ItnUd-Up But this forcign-i>owcr help may ot be thrown suddenly into the war to crush South Korean anil rive American forces out of Korea or a quick victory. Instead, the -loscow-dictated strategy may he to cod the help In gradually, always naintaining superiority In force— nd compelling the United States o put more and more divisions ilanes and warships into the campaign. Meanwhile in these early months of the war, the Korean campaign will afford Russia opix>rtunlty to measure the battle-skill or Amer- can troops, airmen and sailors and —equally important—the effectiveness of American weapons. It can also provide can Index for the Kusslans to decide how determined and how prepared the United Stales Is lo fight at any poinl where Moscow pushes the remote-control button of war. Walcli "Sensitive" Areas Gen. Omar Bradley, chairman ol the Joint chiefs of staff, was reported by Chairman Tydlng.s (D- Nfd) of the Senate Armed Services Committee as having said Defence Department and other orriclals ore carefully watching rive or six 'sen- See RUSSIA on Page 5 New York Cotton Oct Dec Mar May July Open High I/}w 3G20 363D 3613 3612 3634 3607 3607 3632 3603 3605 3623 3509 3562 3560 3559 3639 3633 3627 3624 3519 N. O. Cotton Open High Low Close Oct ....... 36OT 3029 31-02 3l:2:"> Dec ....... :<MX> 3C2.T 3595 3624 Mar ...... 3596 3619 35D6 36241 May ...... 3592 3626 3589 3622 July ...... 3547 3510 3547 S568 CAFtUTlrKKSVH.r.i: KOIIllKltS -Mrs. Eva Louise Oann and William Hill i Austin, of Knoxvillc, Tcnn., arc shown above after being photographed by Memphis police yesterday. In addition to a PcmLscot County. Mo., robbery and auto tlieft, they have confessed trussing up a Memphis plumber In a hotel room where he later was round dead. Identification numbers were blotted out at the request of Memphis police. (.Minip)m 1'olice I'liotns). Caruthersville Robbery Pair Charged with Hotel Murder One small North Korean Red rce, estimated at about 100 m en, as credited by the field dis- itches with having crossed to the nth bank of the Kum late Fri•\y on the American left (west) unk. This force was brought under merican artillery fire. General MacArlhur's headmiar- ers connmintmic, Issued at 3MO a i. '12:10 p.m., Friday. EST), said unofficial reports that the Com- lunisl aggressors had achieved a ridgchead over the Kum Kiver •ere not confirmed." "I'robdl" U. s. Lines It said, however, that the Red orces "probed" the American lines i a number of plates along the Iver. (This would indicate that If a ew Reds had crossed, they hart iecn wiped out or repulsed by the \merican gunners.) Associated Press Correspondent ^elf Erickson reported from an idvanccd American position In South Korea at 12:25 a.m. Satur- iay (9:25 a.m.. Friday EST) that he Reds had stepped up their night ivtiliery bombardment and were islng green-clad guerillas In streng- h against American batteries on the Kum's south slilc. He quoted a field headquarters spokesman as saying the Itcds hail managed to get ahout 100 men icro.ss the river west of Kongju. He minimized this threat at the moment, however. The headquarters spokesman sairt the Reds have two or three divisions facing the Americans on the river line. . • South Korean police ordered an alert and midnight curfew In Tae- Jon, 20 miles southeast of Kongju. ittore Withdrawal! Seen The initial small Communist crossing of the Kurn River forecast more withdrawals before the U. s. forces in Korea can be built up for the,job ahead. This Job wjll.be to. deaf with , a numerically 'mirierior Red nrmy and also 'smash the large scale strength of guerrillas behind American lines. After rough fighting in a 45-mile retreat in the first week or action in Korea, the small American- force had a chance to entrench. • - Kongju is about 20 mllc.5 northwest of Taejon on the western flank of the American line. The enemy's action , could mean an attempt to outflank American positions on the west. The small band of North Korean.% waded the low gravel bottomed river. Earlier General MacArtlmr's comminique .said the 34th infantry regiment was in position near Kongju. Artillery fire from both sides of the Kum was active but a heavy American counter battery barrage silenced the fled guns In late afternoon. U. Gen. Walton H. Walker assumed command of ground forces in Korea and established advance headquarters In a South Korean city. The previous advance headquar- crs of American forces will reverb At a field headquarters near the ront. II.is One Division Military quarters Indicated unol- licially that Walker has at least one division of Gfs in Korea and reinforcements are bejng sent Withdrawal of the South Korean government from Taejon had been planned as the enemy drove southward from Seoul, Red-captured former capital of South Korea. The Taejon airstrip no longer Is usable for heavy planes, v-r«id pilots returning to Tokyo. They said this was due to deterioration of the runway (presumbiy from weather and heavy traffic) rather than enemy action. The field had heen used by C-M and other supply craft. When the big push across the river corncs, the Communists will have to attempt it without their First Divjson, which spearheaded Sec KOKKA on 1'asc 5 \VilIi:im [Hill) Oshurii. 2S, and Mrs. t.miisc Oann, 28, »cro nr- flcrcil lieti! In await acUon of ITic Sliclliy County, Tcnn., fjrand jtirj tiic pair for armed robbery. He was accompanied to Memphis by E, M Cummings, deputy sheriff and Frls- . ., , -• • •• . . co special agent, and State Troop- al their preliminary arraignment | cr J M. Hickman. in City Toilrt In Memphis tliis An atltomol morning on a rliarpc (if murder. Tim couple entered picas of rot gulhy at thnlr arraignment. No bonds were set. Pemlscot officers returned yesterday trom Memphis after a Tennessee couple wanted for armed rob bery near Caruthersvillc was mm- cd over to Shelby County authorities. The couple, William (Bill) Austin and Mrs. Eva Louise Oann. were to appear in Memphis City Court this morning to face murder charges. They are charged with Ihe murder of a Memphis plumber lasl Saturday. Pcmiscot Deputy sheriff Mlllon King told the Courier-Ne'ws yester- I Jan day a hold-over would be placed on Mar utomobilc which was taken i from Kdward Pri'chclt, of Helena. | Mont., in the n>bbcry has been j recovered and returned, j Chief of Detectives M. A. Hindman, of Memphis, yesterday commended Pemlscot and Mississippi County officials for their help in the case. Austin and Mrs. CJann have admitted lleirg up the plumber, W. A. Lnkcy. of Mempht:,. but deny that they killed him. Soybeans July Nov High Low 329'i 324 248}, 243 250 >J 245 V: Close 327 (i 244-14 246'i 253'i 2481i 210-18 Late Bulletins WASHINGTON, July 11. (^Tj— The Slate Department said today the minimum cfmrtillon for a so- lulion of Ihe Korean crisis Is for the Northern Communists to slop fighting anil willidr.iw (n their own territory. A Department .spokesman also derlareH (hat the "proper forum" for trying lo set- lie the erlsis Is the United Nations. WASHINGTON, July U. W*)— An Army spokesman said today that American Iroops In Korea "are not bring 1 slaughtered" and "there is no Dunquerqtic in sight" Uiere. In a I'entagon brleflni? session, the officer told reporters: "There Isn't any doubt tn Hie world that ivr are goinp to hold, Hnt It takes time lo tmihl tiff an offensive. We have got the means to handle the situation.'*

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