Garden City Telegram from Garden City, Kansas on July 2, 1976 · Page 27
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Garden City Telegram from Garden City, Kansas · Page 27

Garden City, Kansas
Issue Date:
Friday, July 2, 1976
Page 27
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Many of Original Land Claims Relinquished in Short Time By DENNIES ANDERSEN More than 100 family names can be traced through county records as having retained ownership of tracts of land in Finney County from 1910 to 1971. But only one third of them were the same names on the original government (or railroad) land transaction for the land. A study of the land ownership ledgers in the register of deeds office shows that most of the homestead, pre-emption or timber claims which originally took land out of the government ownership were relinquished within 10 years of the original land transaction with the government. Under the old laws of land acquisition, anyone over 21 or the head of a family could homestead 160 acres of government land by living on the land five years and improving the land with B UR1VH AM LocATeo IN sec 9. r. OF THS 6 r .. H F*.M. .so I \ * ^ ^ t « *e K> \ J ? 9 B < /o " • II 8 rz 8 ssc & » y f M * J* 11- I FIR °. 7 • a • 9 , • to " ' II 8 u l*>. 2 XIL Pfer/z S&C n 3 v +• s t • -OJVJD i 3 [ . 3T 1 2 0 3 * *" . S A* £IOJ Met t>i s >v f! , ' 1=3 ) H * •4 £ * Y er l 1 1 -! — 1 * I 1 f { 1 j 1 / T i / ' 1 H UL-A r j 0 r e t t ^ 7 / % t ^ 9 f- i • ^ 2 _i -i -* — f . ; : * . f* ' IS • i 1 f i • , *+ i ^ h- • » i - j- tr- > BURNHAM, a prestigious-sized city, was put about 20 miles east and 11 miles north of on the map in 1910 on the Nebraska, Kansas Garden City, but neither the railroad nor the and Southern railroad. But neither got any city ever existed anywhere besides on the father than that. On a map, Burnham was . map. buildings. Ownership of the land didn't legally become the settler's until after the five years was up. Settlers not wishing to wait five years to become the lawful owner of the tract of government land could pay $1.25 per acre for up to 160 acres and take immediate ownership by pre-emption. Pre-emption also applied to railroad land, but the railroad charged $2.50 per acre for the land. The other means by which settlers commonly acquired government land during the late 1800's was by a timber claim. Settlers could gain ownership of up to 160 acres of land by planting five acres of trees each year for three years. Homesteading the land or getting it through a tree claim or buying it from the government was started in Finney County in the late 1870's and the land was nearly all in private ownership .by 1905. The exception to that was the southwest part of the county, some of which remained in * * * Filing A Claim Meant Larned Trip Early settlers in Finney County wishing to acquire land by pre-emption, a timber claim or homestead a tract of land had a chore cut out for • them — even to file the claim. Larned was the nearest U.S. Land Office for those wanting to file claims to land in the Garden City area when the first of them came this way. The first homestead entry for land in Finney County was made in Larned Jan. 30, 1878, by George W. Close. First timber claim was also made in Larned. It was filed on March > 19, 1878, by Thaxton W. Carlton. Oct. 1, 1883. the land- seekers' travels were shortened considerably by the opening of a new United States • Land Office — in Garden City this time. The land office was put in Garden City to serve all of the "Southwestern Land District." That district included Hamilton, Finney and half of Hodgeman, Ford, Clark, Meade, Seward, Stevens and Morton counties. Later, when the surrounding counties organized, each had its own land office. government ownership until as late as 1928. Most of the long-time land owning families in the county did not homestead the bulk of the land which they owned. Many of them instead bought their land from others who, after homesteading the land, 'relinquished their homestead or sold it during the hot dry summers whiph followed the boom yeras of 1886 and 1887. , Others, in time of financial stress (probably related to the drought years of 1888 to 1890) or disgust sold their land and bought it back later. Many however, never did buy back the land for which they had moved to the area to make a new life. Some found easier and quicker ways to acquire the land than by living on it for a full five years. An instance of that can be seen in part of the Ray's Truck & Implement, Inc. first opened in Garden City at 901 E. Fulton. In 1971 they moved to their present location on Hiway 50 East in the Industrial Park. Ray's Truck & Implement, Inc., the only IHC dealer in Garden City, employs 17 people, including a parts and service department. V. Ray Thompson, owner, and the employes of the firm will be more than glad to help you with your farm equipment, truck and Scout pickup needs. RAY'S TRUCK & E. Hiway 50-Industrial Park tLi^v* •-t IrK'-vv^ • 275-9182 Garden City, Kansas land on which Garden City was built. William D. and James R. Fulton, the first two inhabitants of what is now Garden City, wished to get ownership of their homesteads (all the city south of Fulton Ave.) without waiting for five years. They had been on the land about a year when their plans to build Garden City made it necessary that they have full ownership without waiting. They gave up their homesteads, allowing four Civil War veterans to file instead for the land. The veterans got immediate title to the two 1 quarter-sections and the Fultons immediately bought it from them. Therefore, the two homesteads have been in ownership other than in the name of Fulton and cannot be traced from the original governmental land transaction to the present in one family name. The ruiton name does appear on the records of another tract of land in the county and can be followed from the homestead to present. Another way that the family name could be lost in the tracing of land ownership in the county records is when a man's daughter acquired title to his land and then married, changing the family name on the land. • Without having been intimate friend of every land owner in the county since 1878, no one could . trace these father-daughter land changes through the county archives. Family names which can be traced from the original government land transaction (or a railroad transaction) to Page 14A Garden City Telegram Friday, July 2,1976 the present are: Maune,, Williams, Drussell, Boye, Stone, Beyer, Curry, McCarty, Burgess, Carl, Brown, Fulton, Watts, Concannon, Jourdan, Jacoby, Ware, Miller, Meyers, Keeler, Martin, Bay, Winter, Baldwin, Rundell, Campbell, Johnson, Stahl, Greathouse, Dickey, Strackeljohn, Gossman, Thompson, Hatfield, Stover. Bradford. Jones and Graves. Trees First, Poles Second When Garden City's first telephone line was built in 1900, trees were growing on both sides of Main Street. These interferred with the wires, but the citizens who had lived here and knew the value of trees in western Kansas would not allow them to be cut — so the telephone poles, were set down the center of the street. MAIN STREET "back then" with city-watering wagons and horse drawn street car. The picture was taken in the "Opera Block",- the 400 block of today's Main Street That's Opera House towering in the background. A the 1945 * * 1976 GARDEN CITY SHEET METAL Garden City Sheet Metal, plumbing, heating and air conditioning at 205 South Main in Garden City. In November, 1945 Jim Sloan founded the Garden City Sheet Metal, plumbing, heating and air conditioning company at its present location on South Main street. Mr. Sloan says there have been a lot of changes in LENNOX 91 comfort systems since Dave Lennox rolled out his first furnace in 1893-83 years ago. Now there are nifty LENNOX® weather machines, furnaces and central air conditioners that warm, cool, clean the air and control the moisture in homes and commercial buildings. Garden City Sheet Metal has 'em. Along with a great service organization to back them up. Just in case. Now's the time to put a dependable LENNOX® heating or air conditioning system in your home or business. Top quality LENNQX® systems are quiet, thrifty and compact. Garden City Sheet Metal now has 11 persons to see that you get the best out of LENNOX® . Employes are: bookkeeper, Betty Deaver, Bob Sloan, Leon Ford, Robert Swank, Don Evinger, Frank Medina, Tony Medina, Ed Stebens, Jim Dinning and Terry Stickney. AIR CONDITIONING • HEATING Garden City Sheet Metal PLUMBING-HEAIING-AIR CONDITIONING Phone 276-2102 Jim Sloan 205 South Main

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