EDITORIALS Do More for Mental Health One of the financial problems with which the McKeithen Administration must, grapple sooner or later is the problem of increased appropriations for the State Department of Hospitals. More facilities and more trained personnel are needed in the state hospital system. This is particularly true of those facilities which deal with menial health. For most of (he past 200 years, mental health was something that was ignored in this country. The mentally ill or the mentally retarded were committed to institutions, segregated from society and after that there was only silence. Today, medical science knows a great deal more about mental ills, and now they should be treated. Indeed, the advances have been astounding. Unfortunately, all of the knowledge that we possess is not always put into use. We do not have enough trained therapists, because there is not enough money to train them. We do not have enough of the proper sort of facilities because we have not been willing to spend the money to build them. Louisiana, as a general rule, is more advanced than some states in the matter of caring for the mentally ill. The situation is far from ideal, however. Calcasieu Parish has done more than many parishes about the slate in the matter of mental health, but here, too, the situation is not ideal. Calcasieu Parish has a mental health treatment clinic, an area guidance center and a day nursery for mentally retarded children. These facilities fill important needs in the community, but their capacities are limited. They are in need of additional trained personnel, and of added office space and other facilities. Mental health is not ordinarily something that the average citizen thinks about as being a community problem. It is a problem, nevertheless. For example: in the last four years, a total of 43 deaths in Calcasieu Parish have been officially noted by parish coroners as suicides. Most medical men will agree that suicides are the results of deep emotional or mental disturb- ances The suicide or the attempted suicide is a person Who is gravely ill. Many of these 43 persons might have been helped, if help had been available, or if members of their families had realized that deep problems existed. Another example: The Lake Charles Mental Health Treatment Center now carries 502 active cases on its books. The center opens an average of 36 new cases each month. The average number of cases closed each month is 14, leaving a gain of an average of 22 cases per month. Of this case load 77 per cent originates in Calcasieu Parish. This center was opened in 1961. One of its chief functions is the early diagnosis and treatment of emotionally disturbed adults, over 18 years of age. It has been estimated by the National Association for Mental Health that one person in every 10 has some form of mental or emotional illness, from mild to severe, that calls for psychiatric treatment. With proper care and treatment, seven out of 10 of these persons can be expected to leave mental hospitals partially or totally recovered. If we translate the figure of one in 10 to Calcasieu Parish, we find that some 12,000 persons in the parish may be suffering from some degree of mental illness or disturbance. Calcasieu Parish's facilities for mental health need to be strengthened. They need more trained, full-time personnel. They need more space. Detention quarters for the mentally ill who must be hospitalized are needed. Now. such persons are placed in jail. More facilities for after-care are needed, to aid persons discharged from mental hospitals to make proper adjustments for a return to ordinary society Means are needed to help such former patients to obtain employment, and to develop normal social activities. All of these things are needed, and they all cost money\ It is a problem which the community and the state governments must face, sooner or later. Excalibur PEARSON SAYS Bdker Wanted Ouf in '61 THIS WEEK IN BUSINESS Stee/ Brightens Picture By JACK LEFLER AP Business News Writer NEW YORK (APWOptimism spread in the vast steel industry during the week. It was a good omen for the economy as a whole. Predictions were made that the usual summer slump in steel production wouldn't be as sharp as usual and that output for 1964 would be at or near a record level. The atmosphere at the annual meeting of the American Iron & Steel Institute in New York, where industry lenders aired their views, was untroubled. This was in marked contrast to a year ago when there was apprehension over the possibility of a strike. Thomas F. Pat ton, chairman of the institute and of Republic Steel Corp. third-ranking producer, exp'iK.si-d the opinion that production this year might match the record 117 million tons in 1955. He noted that the picture was brightened by heavy steel demand from the automobile industry, which has its sights set on an eight-million-car year in 1964. Some other executives weren't quite so optimistic but most of' them looked for production well over the 109 million tons turned j out in 1963. j The immediate outlook, with j summer Hearing, was described i as good, which would mean added zinc for the entire economy. Some executives expect production at the summer low to hold above 70 per cent of capacity, not far below last week's 79.4 per cent rate, expected to be the spring peak. Output during the week reg islered the 18th gain in 21 weeks and was the highest since the first week of last June. Mills turned 2,511,000 tons, up 8,000 tons from the previous week. The biggest customer for steel, the automobile industry, continued to gobble up great amount of the metal although production of cars was curtailed by the Memorial Day holiday- i shortened work week. \ Assembly lines rolled out an estimated 161,190 passenger cars, down from 172,487 the previous week but far ahead of the 139.292 built a year ago. .New car sale's in the middle 10 days of May set a record for 4 SUNDAY, MAY 31, 1964, Lake Charles American Press Lake Charles American Press SEVENTH YEAR Publisher /ieck Day and Sunday Mommas MEMBER ASSOCIATED TRESS THE A4vo;ioled Preii ii e.itiiied 0.0^.^1, to the use tor repubiicallon of all the local new, prlnleo m inn newspaper as well as aM_AP_ne_ws.dispatches? Mom Oit.ce -_Bubo Sl___. _._...".... ^. P " °"* . ~ .... „ Phone H E 9-2781 . . — SUBSCRIPTION RATES — By Corner Per week 45c By Corner Per Year «3 40 By MOM ir, Alien. Beaureoarfl CoicoveM. Comeron and Jelferxon Dovls porishcj, P?r y v^ n r a $ ^ n n° a lu P6r , Yc ° r V'°°- Ua " y ? nlv - Per Year in.OO; Sunday Only YV Year S/.6Q, All otner moil per year 423.40 ' Emcrea or Lake Cnories Foil Office as ~Second~Ciass Unaer Ac! of Congress March 2, 1879 the period. Dealers sold 257,088 new U.S.-made automobiles, exceeding the mid-May record of 241,300 in 1955. A key economic indicator- new orders for machine tools— j posted a good gain in April, rising to $91.2 million from $77.7 million in March and $62.2 million in April 1962. \ The cost of living edged up' one-tenth of 1 per cent in April, the Labor Department reported. This put the consumer price in-' dex at 107.8, meaning that it cost $10.78 to purchase items ! that cost $10 in the 1957-59 base : period of the index. , QUICK QUIPS Perhaps the reason Goldwater told a television reporter, "Take thai damn thing i out of my face!" (referring to a microphone), was that he has learned it is futile to claim a microphone misquoted him. It is wondered it there were not an error in a news report that in a train wreck in Minnesota 71 passenger cars were involved. Does any railroad ' now own that many passenger cars? "Eventually we will have ' an a 11 • electric civilization," says a scientist. Maybe so— if and when we become civilized. According to present government standards, a family with an annual income of less than $3,000 is poverty-stricken. Old timers remember when an income of from $2,000 to $2,999.99 constituted affluence rather than poverty. Let's be thankful that modern music arrangers (disar- ; rangers, really) can't mess up the melodies of song birds. By JACK ANDERSON , (Editor's Note—Drew Pear- ' son is on a news-gathering tour of the Middle East. In ' his absence his col u m n is written by his associate, Ja.ck Anderson.) WASHINGTON - IT HAS 1 now leaked out that Bobby Ba-; ker told his Senate superiors' three years ago about his ex- j tracurricular business activities! and offered to give up his Senate! position. But they insisted that he stay on the job. i When the Democrats were reorganizing the Senate in January, 1961, the leaders met at Washington's Sheraton Carlton Hotel. Baker was present. ! He suggested that maybe he should be relieved of his duties. It might be better for him to resign, he said, since he had outside inlerests. ; But the new Senate Democratic leader, Mike Mansfield of Montana, protested that he was just taking over and would need Baker's help. Though Baker was employed by the Democrats, he actually: worked for the power house which runs the Senate. This inner circle includes Republi- •• cans as well as Democrats, Indeed, he was closer to Repub-, lican insiders than to Democrat-' ic outsiders. \ This is evidenl from Ihe June ' 12, 1961, edition of the Congressional Record. Several senators | roso on the Senate floor to pnv'o Baker, who had just received an honorary degree from American University. i * * * i THE LOUDEST PRAISE came from Republican Senators, j led by no less than GOP Senate ! leader Everett Dirksen of Illinois. "I have known Robert Baker ever since 1 came to the Senate," intoned Dirksen. i "I have noticed the efficiency with which he labors. I have noticed the knowledgeable way in which he serves the Senate and the country. Of all the persons I could name, I could name no other who so richly deserves this honor." > This sentiment was echoed by : California Sen. Tom Kuchej, the Senate's No 2 Republican, who declared: "I am glad to call Bobby Baker my friend. 1 am glad to salute him as one who is uniquely equipped in the science of American government and American politics. "I am sure I speak for all senators on this (Republican) side of the aisle." New York Sen. Jacob Javits i added his tribute: "The Senate which often is called a club, is a great place because of men such as B o b b y Baker, who make life bearable for all of us, and give what we in New York call 'straight steers.' " * * * SEN. KENNETH KEATING, the other New York Republican chimed in: "One can go to Bobby and ask him anything which is reasonable. He always gives a well informed answer." And from Colorado Sen. Gordon Allott: "I join my colleagues who have paid tribute to the man we know affectionately as Bobby Baker. . . "I believe the honor he has received is very well deserved. It comes to one who, under the most strenuous circumstances in the Senate, has always been kind, considerate, and thoughtful." Even Sen. Margaret Chase Smith the lady from Maine, had a good word for the young man the Republicans are now castigating. It looks as if the Democrats were't the only ones fooled by the irrepressible Bobby. NOTE — Senators have coni- plained privately that they miss Bobby Baker who, for all his faults, was always able to give them an accurate nose count of how senators would vote in advance. It took the combined Justice Department, AFL-CIO, and various church groups to put together a straw poll on the civil rights bill. Senators wondered whether it was as reliable as the polls Baker used to take. * * * W. MAXEY JARMAN, THE manufacturing and merchandising magnate, has launched a campaign to change Memorial Day to Ihe lasl Monday in May. This would give Americans another three-day holiday weekend. It would also cut operating expenses for retail stores, which would prefer to close down for a long weekend rather than take the holiday break often in the middle of the week. Jarman would also like to make Memorial Day a national holiday. Though it is celebrated on May 30 in most states, other states honor their war dead on other days. Arkansas and Rhode Island, for example, observe it on Aug. 14. Though Rhode Island calls il Victory Day. The custom of Memorial Day, or Decoration Day as it is also called, originated in the South ; but was picked up by scattered northern states. The May 30 date was arbitrarily set in 1868 by Gen. John A. Logan, commander of the Grand Army of the Republic. * * * PEPPERY ADMIRAL HY: man Rickover, father of t h e ' atomic submarine, has spent a i good part of his life goading j the Navy. Lately the Navy is relieved to have him goad the educators. The admiral is critical of parents, in cahoots with the teachers. Every week or so he gels out on the hustings to do a little goading. "Never before has it been so important for so many people to sharpen their minds and to acquire a vast amount of knowledge about the world we live in," Rickover recently told the Council for Basic Education . "For those who sentimentally plead that children ought not to ; have to study so hard, I would i paraphrase Talleyrand and say i that we no longer have t h e 'privilege of ignorance.' " No doubt, many Americans will be upset at Admiral Rick- over's charge that Germany pioneered the public schools and that European schools are generally ahead of ours today. TODAY... IN HISTORY By THE ASSOCIATED PRESS Today is Sunday, May 31, the 152nd day of 1964. There are 214 days left in the year. Today's highlights in history: On this date in 1889, there occurred one of the nation's worst flood disasters, the Johnstown flood. Between 2,000 and 3,000 lives were lost at Johnstown, Pa., when heavy rains caused a dam to burst at South Fork, about 12 miles above the city. In 1819, American poet Walt Whitman was born. In 1916, the naval battle of Jutland began in World War I. In 1926, the Sesquicentennial , Exposition opened in Philadei- , phia. ; In 1941, the British evacuated the island of Crete. In 1942, British Prime Minister Winston Churchill vowed Germany would be attacked city by city. EDITOR'S NOTEBOOK Elector Customs WHEN A GROUP OF DISGRUNTLED MEMBERS of the Louisiana Democratic Committee started a move recently to place "unpledged" electors on the state ballot for the presidential election this fall, it would have been a big puzzle to members of the Constitutional Convention of 1787, if they had been around to hear about it. If things had worked out the way they had planned m 1787, all electors would have been "unpledged." The problem of how to elect the nation's chief executive was the knottiest of all the problems that faced the Constitutional Convention, and the delegates spent more time and debate upon it than any other matter, except the representation of the states in Congress. Under the "Virginia Plan," which was the first proposal set forth for a new form of government to replace the Articles of Confederation, the president was to be elected by Congress. * Sl * EDMUND RANDOLPH FAVORED AN EXECU- tive group of three men. George Mason did likewise, and suggested that one each be appointed from the northern, middle and southern states. James Wilson suggested that the president be elected by electors elected by districts which had no relationship to slate lines. Elbridge Gerry thought the president should be elected by the governors of the several states. i Alexander Hamilton proposed that he be elected by electors, and that he serve for life. i James Madison and Gouverneur Morris wanted the new executive to be elected by a direct vote of the people. Others thought that he should be chosen by electors who would, in turn, be chosen by state legislatures. * # !> OUT OF ALL THESE CONFLICTING VIEWS there finally came, after weeks of debate, the system we now have. The president is elected by electors, and each state is entitled to as many electors as it has senators and representatives. The delegates to the Constitutional. Convention skipped over the matter of how the electors were to be elected, and left it to the states. Under the system finally devised, the electors, once they had been chosen, would meet and vote for two people. These ballots would be sealed and sent to the Senate, where they would be opened, and the votes counted. If no one person received a majority of the votes, then the five highest names on the list would be submitted to the House of Representatives, and' the members would select one of the list of five to be president. In this election, each slate would cast a single vote. The drafters of the Constitution probably felt that there would seldom be any person with a majority of the votes, and that, in actual practice, the president would be elected by the House of Representatives. * * * THE DRAFTERS FAILED TO TAKE INTO CON- sideration, however, the development of political parties, and that crafty innovator, Thomas Jefferson, put a crimp in their plan. Jefferson, soon after he left Washington's cabinet, set about organizing his own political following. He set up local and district leaders, and worked closely with ; members of the state legislatures in various states. Electors were placed on the ballots who made it known that they would vote for Jefferson if they were elected. i This plan worked so well that a majority of the electors chosen were pledged to Jefferson and his | choice for vice president, Aaron Burr. | One can imagine the embarrassment, therefore, , when the votes were counted in Washington, and it i was found that each Jefferson elector had faithfully 1 voted for Jefferson and Burr—so the two were tied. i 1 The matter was referred to the House of Representatives, and finally, after a lengthy debate, Jefferson was chosen. I * * * 1 SINCE THEN, IT HAS BEEN THE CUSTOM FOR | electors to be "pledged," so that the people will know | who they are voting for when they cast their ballots. The Founding Fathers did not foresee the development of political parties, and by the use of electors, they hoped to keep the selection of the executive out of the turmoil of politics. They did not trust the people to be able to make a wise choice. Today, after nearly 200 years of experience, most of us have more faith in the people than in the type of politician who would deny to the people the right to vote. —Truman Sjgcty. t,(e * Changes Force Business fo Plan Ahead on Kind of Manpower Needed By ADELAIDE HAWN Tulane University Educational Reports Will business firms 10 years from now have enough highly trained workers to fill top management jobs? Or wjll there- be far more qualified workers than top level jobs? How can business linns project their manpower needs in the 1970's v Two major technological developments in the United States since the late 1950's are forcing business firms to examine their future manpower requirements if they are to survive, accord ing to Dr. Eric Vetter of Tulane University: (1) The impact of modern technology on size and composition of the work force has created long-term problems for both business and society. (2) Greater ea^basis on re- search activity hy government, industry and universities. Dr. Vetter, assistant professor of management in the Tulane School of Business Administration, is currently doing research on possible solutions to manpower problems facing business firms of all sizes. Some results of his study have been seminar topics at other universities and subjects of articles appearing in national business publications. Development of a "m a n- power planning approach" to long-range problems now appears to provide the means by which firms can integrate their own specific manpower programs with the long-range objectives of their production activity, he says. Dr. Vetler defines manpower planning as the process by which a firm insures tb#t it have the right number of people and the right kind of people, at the right places, at the right time, doing things for which they are economically useful. Why is it necessary? The Tulane management spe- cialisl points out that careful manpower planning can help a firm meet the human problems of automation—and at the same time help society solve unemployment problems. "The drive for technical knowledge is constantly increasing and each new discovery opens up new avenues for further re search," he says. "And as Ihis occurs, a business firm is forced to even greater research effort in order to survive." This research emphasis means an increased demand lor professionally trained scientists, engineers and managers. How can ? firm know many trained workers it will need to do the job in the next decade? In some instances, Dr. Vetter points out, business firms have clearly seen the need for highly trained workers, but a potential shortage of certain technical skills is already forecast. An additional problem of obsolescence of technical manpower is also a serious threat to growth capacity of many firms. In other instances, fewer workers may be needed with the advent of new tools and new business techniques, such as the use of computers. Manpower planning, he says, is a two-phased process involving manpower forecasting, followed by development of "ac lion" programs executive development, organization planning, and "promotion potential" studies— to meet the ini- pucaUons of the forecast. It includes four steps which Dr. Vetter suggests to today's management to help assure there will be tomorrow's management: (1) Get a clear picture of your firm's objectives, its profit plan and sales forecast for a long- range period of five, 10 or 15 years to understand the direction your manpower must take. (2) Take inventory of past labor productivity rates, turnover rates, employment trends— and of current management and professional employes by age, experience and potential. (3) Make an annual forecast, using projected budget goals and productivity rates to estimate future manpower needs. (41 Use the forecast to design action programs in such areas as recruiting, selection, training, and retirement, to meet problems revealed by the forecast. This type of planning originates with a firm's basic profit, sales and financial forecasts. But its success depends on its backing by top management. participation by all d e p a r t- ments, and a well-designed information program about future business trends. "Manpower planning must also be placed high up in an organization and staffed \\Rli good people to make guod economic sense," he emphasizes. "It must be a 'first class' operation." Problems created by modern technology must be identified in advance and some of the foreseeable problems are already under sludy, he says. Supply of middle management and experienced professional manpower in Ihe 1970's will be limited because of the low U.S. birth rale ill Ihe 1930's, and competitive pressures of technology and foreign competition will increase, and the consumer demand portion of the economy will be bigger and will require more complex servicing ane| supplying. Such problems will weigh heavily, Dr. Vetler says, on competent manpower and will force business firms to ulilize their work force to optimum advantage to meet the challenges of the future. The most important reason for planning, bpwever, is the investment in homan resources. "Unlike most other assets of a firm, manpower has the potential to appreciate continually in value through utilization," Dr. Vetler says. "And continual improvement in the quality of manpower talent is a necessary investment for business survival."
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