BLYTHEVILLE COURIER NEWS THE DOMINANT NEWSPAPER OP NORTHEAST ARKANSAS AND SOUTHEAST MISSOURI VOL. L— NO. 139 Blytheville Courier Blytheville Daily News Mississippi Valley Leader Blytheville Herald BLYTHEVILLE, ARKANSAS, SATURDAY, SEPTEMBER 4, 1954 EIGHT PAGES Published Daily Except Sunday SINGLE COPY FIVE CENTS Premier of France Seeking to Bolster Riddled Cabinet Criticism of His Foreign Policies Mounts Both at Home and Abroad PARIS (AP) — Premier Pierre Mendes-France sought today to bolster his resignation-riddled cabinet as criticism of his foreign policies mounted at home and abroad. The harried premier began re-, position of the party and those Dien. Bien Phu Leader, Freed by Communists By FORREST EDWARDS HANOI (AP) — Brig. Gen. Christian de Castries, commander of the fallen Indochina fortress of Dien Bien Phil, reached freedom today. The Communists' prize prisoner was visibly worn but still buoyant and "hard to kill." grouping his Cabinet last night after three more ministers walked out, leaving six gaps as a result of the bitter dispute over the European Defense Community Treaty. Three pro-EDC ministers were the latest to resign — less than three weeks after three antitreaty members walked out. Shifts Made To plug the gaps, Mendes-France shifted eight ministers to new posts and named two new officials. The shuffle left two posts vacant, apparently eliminated another and created a new one — secretary of state in the interior ministry. The pro-pact ministers said they quit on grounds Mendes-France did not try hard enough to win acceptance of EDC by the National Assembly -which killed the treaty off List week. The three who quit earlier were all followers of Gen. Charles de Gaulle, arch foe of the pact. They said they got out because they felt Mendes-France was not strongly enough opposed to EDC. Latest to quit were Justice Minister Emile Hugues .(Radical Socialist), Industry and Commerce Minister Maurice Bourges-Mauno- ry (Radical Socialist) and Labor Minister Eugene Claudius - Petit (Democratic and Socialist Union of the Resistance). The two new appointees: Roland de Moustier, independent Republican, secretary of state for foreign affairs; and Sen. Gilbert Jules, Radical Socialist, secretary of state for economic affairs. More Protests Mendes - France's government now falls two short of its original 29 members, but the premier said he hoped to fill the gaps soon. Two American lawmakers added their voices to the "chorus of criticism against France's stand on EDC. In Bonn, Sen. Alexander Wiley (R-Wis) chairman of the U.S. Senate Foreign Relations Committee, said he would "not concede EDC- has failed." He added that he did not believe the Assembly's action represented the "heart and opinion of the French people." In Weisbaden, Rep. Dewey Short (R-Mo) chairman of the House Armed Services Committee, said Mendes-France was "skating on thin ice." He said he felt the French Premier "equivocated" on the whole treaty issue. In Hamburg, Thomas Delher, chairman of West Germany's Free Democratic party, said Mendes- France's political intentions are unknown and therefore he would be "a factor of insecurity" at any Western conference on European defense/' Three members of the popular Republican Movement MPR were expelled from the party today because they had opposed EDC. Sen. Leo Harnb, and the deputies, Andre Montel and Henri Bouret, were excluded by the party's national committee on discipline. The party communique issued today said "there is a fundamental disagreement between the political taken by the three men." The MPR, a strong backer of European unity moves did not support Mendes-France when he was confirmed as premier. Reds freed him at Vietri. He was met in Hanoi by Gen. Rene Cogny, commander of the withdrawing De Castries was brought to Hanoi from th eexchange site where the French forces in North Indochina. At the exchange point, De Castries leaned on a cane as he was turned over but would not allow himself to be put in a stretcher. Jenner Raps New Soviet Trade Plan WASHINGTON (AP) — Sen. Jenner (R-Ind) assailed today as "a new surrender" to the Soviet bloc an agreement to increase the list of goods which this country's allies may ship to Russia and her European satellites without losing U. S. aid. Killing Victim's Brother Shoots Hayti Trucker Lloyd Booker Posts Bond; Link with Other Death Uncertain HOLLAND—A Hayti, Mo., truck operator is in Walls Hospital in Blytheville fighting for his life after four .45 caliber bullets smashed into his body while he stood on a sidewalk in front of a Holland pool room last night. Thurman Norrid was reported in critical condition by the attending physician this morning. Three of the slugs struck him in the abdomen and one in the leg. Lloyd Booker, package liquor store operator, of Holland was released on 55,000 bond this morning after being arraigned in Magistrate Court in connection with the shooting. It is not known whether or not the incident had any connection with another shooting in which Norrid killed Booker's brother, Kermel, in January 1952. When brought to the county jail last night at Caruthersville, Booker admitted the shooting, according to Chief Deputy Sheriff Clyde Orton. Holland city marshal H. T. Spitler said it was reported to him that Norrid was standing on the He said it represented "a tactical gain for the Communists as damaging to our prestige as our military retreat from the Yalu" during the Korean War. Jenner's statement on the controversial issue of East-West trade accompanied publication by the Senate. Internal Security subcommittee of a volume of testimony taken at public hearings on "the strategy and tactics of world communism." The subcommittee chairman, Jenner said that "almost without exception, these witnesses have described the Soviet's recent trade offensive as an integral part of its campaign for world conquest." Harold E. Stassen, the administration's foreign aid chief, announced Aug. 25 the decision to .reduce the number of embargoed goods and said it had the approval of President Eisenhower as well as the State, Defense, Treasury and Commerce Departments. Advantage Seen He said he was convinced the decision would result "in a net advantage to the free world of expanded peaceful trade and more effective control of war potential items." He called it a move "in the best interests of the United States." Out of 297 items which had been embargoed, a net of 80 were taken off the list — including tank cars, crude petroleum, diesel oil, flat cars, and rails. The relaxation applied only to trade by U. S. Allies with Russia and her satellites in Europe. Stassen said there was no easing of restrictions on shipments to Communist China. North Korea and the Communist area of North Vietnam in Indochina. Jenner said that "within the past He rode to the exchange site in a Communist command car, accompanied by a Vietminh colonel and a Communist correspondent. His first request was for French fried potatoes and something different from his prison diet which was mainly rice. No Whit* Flag: The French News Agency reported De aCstries stood for a few moments before a number of cameramen and emphasized to them the white flag of surrender had never been raised at Dien Bien Phu. In Hanoi, Cogny's staff car whisked De Castries to the villa he occupied here before he went to Dien Bien Phu as commander of that ill-fated French post last December. The 52-year-old general spoke only a few words to French correspondents. Asked how he had been treated, he complained tfcat he had always been kept separate and had not been allowed to see or talk with his staff officers during his imprisonment. He described himself as "not completely well" but added he was hard to kill and said he would be in good health in a few days. He j looked thin and tired but walked erect. Men who knew him before Dien Bien Phu said he was at least 20 pounds underweight, looked several years older' and had grayed considerably. De Castries said he had been told one of his officers died only three days ago. Fought to End De Castries, highest ranking officer captured by the Communist- led rebels in the eight-yejar Indochina War, won World attention for leading the French stand at Dien Bien Phu. He was captured when the encircled North Indochina position finally fell last May 7 after three months of siege. The general's wife Jacqueline awaits him in Paris. She had been in Hanoi during the battle of Dien Bien Phu. De Castries, a dashing six-foot cavalry officer, was reported buoyT ant, until the end at Dien Bien Phu. He wore a red cavalry cap instead of a steel helmet and brandished a riding crop as he directed the desperate defense. His last radio message, as the Vietminh were charging down on h ; ^ command bunker was: "We will fight to the end. Au j revoir. mon general. "Vive la France." He won his promotion from colonel to brigadier general in mid- April while the Dien Bien Phu battle raged. President Eisenhower had remarked a couple of weeks earlier that if he had a colonel in MCCARTHY HITS WHAT HE CALLS 'FALSE REPORTING- — Senator McCarthy is hemmed in by reporters outside the Senate caucus room answering questions about the probe of his conduct. He criticized barring of radio and television from the hearings, saying this permitted "completely false reporting", using as an illustration this banner headline in the Washington Evening Star: "Me-. Carthy Loses Move to Bar Johnston," McCarthy contended no move was made to bar Johnson, that he just wanted Johnson to say whether another newspaper, The Denver Post, had quoted the Colorado senator correctly. (AP Wirephoto) McCarthy Hearings May Be Near End WASHINGTON (AP) — Sens. Watkins (R-Utah) and Case (R-SD) saw a chance today that hearings on censure charges against Sen. McCarthy (R-Wis) will end next week. But they wouldn't say how long it might take to write a US Aid Offered Dulles Tells of Plan To Strengthen Arms insisting on an "all for one and one for all" type of defense pact, was expected to modify its demands if guaranteed strong and prompt U.S. military assistance. Dulles' statement appeared to b* aimed at providing* that guarantee. "We expect the Philippines to contribute to its own security to the extent of its capabilities," See U. S. on Paye 8 NCPC Gets More Radio-TV Plugs Blytheville's National Cotton Picking Contest will continue to be publicized over radio and television this week. Monday, County Agent Keith Bilbrey will appear on Derek Ruark's farm show at 12:00 noon on WMCT. Tuesday. Harold Davis will be on Olivia Brown's WMC program at 1:15 p.m. sidewalk in front of Little's Pool Room talking to a friend when Booker came out of his store next door, and called to him to turn around. Witnesses reported that Booker told a man in the liquor store he was going to shoot Norrid and proceeded to load a .45 caliber automatic pistol. The unidentified man went out the back door to the pool room to try and Warn Norrid and the man he (Norrid) was talking to. Booker was said to have told Norrid "turn around . . . look what I've got," just before the shooting. Norrid was placed in a car and rushed to Walls Hospital for treatment. The 1952 shooting,' in which Booker's brother was killed, stemmed from a feud among | three men who were friends until j toxicated. someone got mad about a practical joke. Melvin Kifer was killed by Kermel Booker in 1950 when, accord-j NAIROBI. Kenya (£>)—Gen. Kala ing to Booker's death bed state- j Singh, second prominent Mau Mau mem. Kifer shot at him one night gang leader caught within a week, few days, history has recorded a j the field conducting such a fight, new surrender by the United States to the Soviet bloc." He said Stassen "has made several announcements opening the door to traders of the Soviet and most of its satellites to more and more items he has characterized as nonmilitary." "The propaganda value of this concession," Jenner said, "is of far greater value to tie Communists than any goods they might procure from this country." Stassen could not be reached immediately for comment. that colonel already would have been a general. The general is a scion of one of France's oldest military families. Eight of his ancestors were generals. One was a marshal of France and minister of the navy under Louis XVI. Another fought under LaFayette against the British in the American Revolution. verdict. Watkins is chairman and Case a member of a special bipartisan committee set up by the Senate to consider a resolution introduced by Sen. Flanders (R-Vt) to condemn McCarthy's conduct as unbecoming a senator and as tending to bring the Senate into disrepute. When the six-man group finishes its report, the Senate is slated to be called back into session to consider the findings. In 2J/2 days of public hearings this week, before recessing until next Tuesday, the committee put into its records a mass of documentary evidence bearing on fiv categories of chargs against McCarthy. Thse charges were among 46 specific accusations, some of them overlapping, filed by Flanders and Sens. Fulbright iD-Ark) and Morse (Ind-Ore) in support of the censure resolution. Door Open Whether the committee will introduce additional evidence before McCarthy starts his defense has not been decided. Watkins said the group's staff still was going over all the charges and he has left the door open to take up any or all of Traffic Deaths Light as Holiday Travel Begins 390 Fatalities Predicted; Ike Urges Caution By THE ASSOCIATED PRESS Comparatively few deaths in accidents were reported today as millions of Americans set out on Labor Day weekend trips. Dry weather in most of the nation ensured heavy traffic. President Eisenhower has urged motorists to drive carefully, and has challenged them to fool the experts who predicted 390 motor vehicle fatalities in the holiday period that began at 6 p.m. (local time) Friday and will end at mid- By ROBERT EUNSON MANILA (AP) — The United States today promised to furnish a "major portion" of the supplies and equipment to strengthen the Philippines armed forces "in view of the developments in Southeast Asia." The pledge was given by U. S. Secretary of Stat Dulles and announced in a joint communique following: mutual diens talks today. It followed a statement by Dulles earlier today pledging that the United States "would automatically react" if the Philippines should be attacked. Agreement The communique said Dulles and Vice President Carlos P. Garcia, who also is Philippines foreign j minister, reached agreement on all I phases of a joint military defense i program. j The talks today were a prelude j to an eight-nation Southeast Asia | secusity conference which starts | Monday. j "In view of the developments in Southeast Asia the defense of the Philippines requires that the armed forces of the Philippines be strengthened through cooperative effort," the joint communique said. , Asks Four Divisions It added that Dulles said "consideration is being given by the Department of Defense to the proposals to develop the Philippines navy and air force." The communique said the Philippines Saturday proposed creation of a four-division army and Dulles replied that: "The United States would furnish the major portion of the military material requirements for such an expansion of the army." In his earlier statement Dulles made it clear that the United States would come quickly to the Philippines defense if the islands were attacked. "I wish to state in most emphatic terms that the United States will honor fully its commitments under the mutual defense treaty. If the Philippines were attacked, the United States would act immediately," Dulles declared. His statement marked the open- ( Quemoy were ca im— that Red un- ing of U.S.-Philippines mutual de- | fire was nothing new w thettL Hijrh Reds Shell Quemoy Island Again 2 U. S. Officers Killed in Attack Yesterday TADPEH, Formosa (AP) — Communist artillery today again shelled Quemoy island where two U. S. officers were killed by Red shells Friday. The two officers, whose identitiei were not disclosed, were member! of the Military Assistance Advisory Group (MAAG) assigned to Formosa. They were on an observation trip to Quemoy when the Communist bombardment ' began. Their Communist driver ateo was killed. Today's bombardment was described by the defense ministry as sporadic. It said inhabitants of them not yet covered in the hear- \ nicrht Monday. Fined $100 tor DWI Tom Hilliard was fined $100 and cost and sentenced to 24 hours in jail in Municipal Court this morning on a charge of driving while in- Mau Mau Leader Caught ings. He told newsmen, in answer to a question, that the hearings could end next week but that he was not making- any prediction. Similarly, in a separate interview, Case said this was "a pos>»- bility and also a hope." He added, however, that no one could say definitely, partly because the nature of McCarthy's defense was not known. Edward B. Williams. McCarthy's lawyer, has said that "we'll be ready to go on Tuesday" if the committee has advanced to the point then of accepting defense experts. Let's testimony. i Tuesdav." Watkins declined to say how long the committee would need to prepare a report for the Senate and j Case said, "I don't have any idea J on that." and Booker fired back. Kifer was was killed by security forces in the See SHOOTING on Page 8 'Mount Kenya area yesterday. NEGROES SEEK ADMISSION TO ALLWHITE SCHOOL — A group of 23 negro children accompanied by their parents and two observers of the National Assn.. for Advancement of Colored People wp.? denied admission to the William H. Harrison elementary school, it Montgomery, Ala., which Is their newest school. Part of the delegation are shown with the school principal, Robert Anderson, shortly After he advised them they lived in another school district and would have to attend another school. (AP Wirephoto) NCPC Group Heads Named Chairmen for 30 Committees Listed Names of committee chairmen for nearly 30 National Cotton Picking Contest, groups were released today by Kelley Welch, contest chairman. Here's the list as released by Mr. Welch: Solicitations. J. C. Guard, J. L. Westbrook, Bill Boone; advance sales, Harold Stockton; general publicity, H. A. Haines; radio and television. Harry Farr; Stationary and program, Rowland Faust: invitations, Elbert Johnson: guest arrangements, J. L. Westbrook; concessions, Jim Pear-j ropean army plan, the Foreign Of- son; stage, Bill Stovall, Joe War-jfice said today. ren; Special events. Dr. David Niles; mechanical demonstrations, Chester Caldwell, Jr.; contest judging. Bill McLeod; civic clubs' tour, Bill Kra - bovsky; communications, Neal McCormick; entries, Roland Bishop, social. Joe Bill McHaney; Merchants division, Hardy Aston; souvenirs. Bill Steinsieck; parade, Bob, Warren; beauty pageant, P. D. Foster; street dance, Tommie Westbrook; Clothing from Cotton Bags Contest, Harold Davis; entertainment, J. T. Sudbury. Deaths totaled only 31 at 10 a.m. 'CT) today. There were 28 traffic deaths, one drowning and two in the miscellaneous category. A state of emergency was proclaimed by Gov. G. Mennen Williams in Michigan in a move to curb the toll. National Guard military policemen joined regular policemen in patrolling Michigan's highways. j President Eisenhower, in has ap- j peal to motorists, said: "Let's be ! careful this weekend. Let's stay j alert. Let's remember the simple rules of the road. Let's fool the all be alive next fense talks preliminary to an eight- nation Southeast Asia Security conference which starts Monday. May Modify Demands The Philippines, which has been Emergency Aid Needs Are Cited LITTLE ROCK i-P — Orval Fan- bus. Democratic ndrr.ir.ee for go'v- ernor, says Arkansasans are moving to Washington, Idaho and the Pacific Northwest to avoid starvation in this drought-stricken state Morale The communique said morale of nationalist troops on Quemoy was high and that the soldiers were "very anxious to fight the Communist. bandits." A Nationalist army spokesman predicted today that the Chinese Communists in all probability soon will try to invade Quemoy, which the Reds bombarded for five hours yesterday. "We are prepared for anything," said U. S.-educated Lt. Gen. Chang Yi-ting. head of the defense ministry's political section. The Reds fired thousands of shells at the two Nationalist islands, which lie only a few miles off ths big mainland port of Amoy opposite Formosa. The Nationalists said casualties among defenders included three killed, two seriously wounded and five slightly wounded. Adenauer Consoled LONDON (.-?• — Prime Minister Churchill has sent a menace ->f "sympathy and encouragement" to West German Chancellor Konrad Adenauer in thf 1 rr:5is strmrnir.g from Prance's rejection of the Eu- 405 Last Year There were 405 traffic fatalities over the three-day Labor Day qoliday last year. The over-all total of violent deaths was 574, including 70 drowned and 99 killed in miscellaneous accidents. The record traffic death toll for the Labor Day holiday was 461 in 1951, while the record over-all toll was 658, also in 195!. Council records disclosed that traffic deaths up to Aug. 1 this year occurred at the rate of 91 every 24 hours. Included were deaths occurring some time after injury, See DEATHS on Pape 8 "The people literally are pouring out of the hills to find employment to stave off hunger this winter," Faubus said. "People who wouldn't have considered taking a state job a year ago are coming in here asking for any kind of a state job now." Faubus said Arkansas and other drought areas need "(1) a federal public works program and c2) di- i rect grants of surplus commodities 1 for human and animal subsistance." LUXORA — The City of Luxora "Drought relief efforts in Arkan- j this week closed negotiations for sas are woefully inadequate and j the construction of a new $74,000 the situation is growing increas- i sewer system when a city bond ingly worse." he declared. j issue was sold to T. J. Raney and "It is tragic to think that with ; Sons, Little Rock investment "brok- Luxora Sells $74,000 in Sewer Bonds the wealth of this country still flowing as gifts and grants to foreign countries, some of it even to nations behind the Iron Curtain, that many of the producers of this wealth cannot in their dire need re- ers. and an engineering contract was awarded Haws and Drye, Littley Rock engineering firm. Mayor Moses Sliman said work will begin on the system Feb. i, and should be completed within ceive some consideration from their three to five months. All members government." China Has Red-Style Election Legion Plans District Meet HONG KONG (.?! — China went through centuries of history without a nationwide electon. Now her Red bosses have run off a Communist-style election to give the huge Asian country its first Nation- consultative Conference, an interim al Congress. drawn by the party and already council, a member of the govern- given a terrific nationwide propa-1 rnent council and first deputy ganda endorsement. | chairman of the All-China General of the Luxora City Council were j present at this week's meeting, when unanimous approval was given the contracts, Mayor Siimaa Closing of *the negotiations climax long efforts on the part of Luxora residents to obtain a new sewage system. The Congress takes the place of the party-picked People's Political Fifth District of American Legion will meet Sept. 12 in West Memphis with the Crittenden and Earle posts acting as hosts. The session will be hvl.-i in ;rv> hut of Crittenden Post 53. Arkansas Department Commander Abe Davidson is scheduled to be principal speaker. Dud Cason Post members are urjcd to be on hr-.r:i for I'v alTair, Commander Gilbert Mann said to<!*?. The Congress corresponds to Russia's Supreme Soviet. Like the one in Moscow, it gives every indication of being a rubber stamp outfit. The Congress of 1,226 delegates will convene the first time in Peiping Sept. 15. The delegates were picked in a closely controlled series of elections in provinces, in some ethnic minority ureas, and in some cities directly under the Peip- inir government, Mich as Peipina; itself, Shanghai and Tientsin. Almost all the party big shots have been elected delegates, from Mao Tse-tung on down. But there are some notable exceptions. First order of business will DC UM adoption of a new constitution Labor Union. Po I-po. former finance minister who disappeared similarly last year but now is staging a slow comeback, was elected. Kao is a stunning omission, for he is a central committee and Politburo member in the party as well as the five-year boss in the asog party the in mbreme tburoM group named in 1949 to serve until an election could be held. The PPCC was strictly rubber stamp and the new Congress gives no promise of being any different. Among those who didn't win a Congress seat was Kao Kang. head | government." His" one-time helper' of the state planning commission. L ee Foo-chun. also on the central or boss of the five year plan. His committee, was not elected. Nei- name disappeared from the press j ther was Jao Shuh-chieh. formerly and radio last January. 'political commissar to Gen. Ghen- Peiping Radio today announced ! yi in the 3rd Field Army who rose ;he nnrnes of all 1,226 delegates J to leadership of the organization and imssintr from the list was Li i bureau i n the central committee. Li-san, an old rival of Mao who j Wang- Chia-hsiang. one of the broke with the red leader in 1929 j ''our vice ministers of foreign af- and went to Russia. He appeared j fairs, was not elected. This is the in Manchuria with Russian armies [first hint of trouble for him. AH at ?'-»e close of World War II. He j told, 27 members and alternates has been minister of labor, a mem-j of the all high central committee ber of the state administration i failed to get «lectecL Weather ARKANSAS — Fair and continued warm this afternoon, tonight, and ~ ' — ' low tonight 53-6. MISSOURI — Generally fair and continued hot through Sunday; low tonight in 70s; high Sunday 90s north to 100-105 south. Minimum this morning—98. Maximum yesterday—lOJ. Sunrise tomorrow—5:33. Sunset todjiy—-6:23. Moan temperature (midway between hi^h and low—35. Precipitation last 24 hour* t* 7 ».ra.. today—none. Precipitation Jan. 1 »o thin 23.45. 1 This Date Ljlst j Maximum yesterday—98. ! Minimum this morning—«5. i ProclpltAtlon Jftauary 1 M> 34.71.
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