RUSSELL KIRK 123W.5THST. Panama Cky, Florida A Florida Freedom IVc wspaper This newspaper is dedicated to furnishing information to our readers so that they can better promote and preserve theit own freedom and edcourage others to see its hlessings. Only when man is free to control himself and all he produces, can he develop to his utmost capabilities. We believe that feeedom is a gift from God and not a political i grant from government. Freedom is neither license hor anarchy. It is > Mlf -<coniTol. No mote. No less. It must be consistent with the truths ^expressed in such great moral guides as the Coveting Commandment, P the Golden Rule and the Declaration of Independence. Why Punish Money Givers? The bui-eaucrats of Internal Revenue, and certain "tax reformers" in Congress, will attempt this year to diminish or even abolish tax-free gifts by a citizen to his close relatives. Genuine tax reform is much needed, for a variety of reasons. But this "reform" would work social mischief. One trusts that the Nixon Administration will frown upon it. At present, anyone may give away as much money as he likes to churches, charitable foundations, and certain other organizations, without paying gift tax. (Of course he will have had to pay income tax already upon the money he gives away, unless he is giving out of his "Row, Damit, Row!" Page 4A FRIDAY, FEBRUARY 16, 1973 The Court's Ruling The Supreme Court has ruled upon abortion, and, because of the diverse interest in the subject fronn a religious Standpoint, we surmise the reader is looking to this column for comment. The News-Herald is one of the few newspapers in the United States that undertakes to review the more newsworthy Supreme Court decisions. In a few days, we will have a copy of the opinion and will then be able to report what it says. In the meantime, on the basis of news accounts, we can report that the court appears to have established what It has chosen to call a state of "viability" — the point in the development of a fetus when it could live without attachment to the mother. After that point, according to the court, the state has power to forbid abortions. Before that point, the matter is strictly a medical question for the mother and the doctor to decide. Ttiis is a departure from the traditional theory upon vAAdh abortion prohibitions stood. The older theory was that life begins at the beginning; namely, at con ception — a word that means "beginning." The court's ruling runs into sectarian religious controversy for the reason that the Roman Catholic church and the Scriptures themselves both speak on the sanctity of •human life (Luke 1:41, 42). Generally, Catholics have been more fervent on the subject than non-Catholics. Even fundamentalist sects, who sometimes find themselves in agreement with Catholic-cherished traditional doctrines, have exhibited softness toward the taking of human life before birth for social reasons. If Ihe controversy heightens, conservative sects can be expected to search out their Scriptural moorings, a process which usually results in a strengthenmg of convictions and a great outspokenness. Judging by the fervor ahd the potential of the opposition, the court's opinion is like tlie surrender of Ft. Sumter in 1861 — the end of a battle, the beginning of a war. It will be interesting to see how the justices support the opinion that breaks so abruptly from the past. At Least Have Heart When Jt comes to the U.S. mails, it seems to be a case of the more things change, the more they become a shambles. Back In July of 1971, the venerable Post Office Department, a Cabinet- level agency dating back to Washington's first administration, was transformed into the semi-autonomous U.S. Postal Service. The idea was to Insulate the mall system frtm politics reorganizing it along NUlIss Ihiks to function more efficiently and eventually to break even, eliminating massive congressional subsidies. No one was promising or expecting miracles. And no one can say the Postal Service hasn't been trying. In the pursuit of efficiency, it has raised rates and curtailed pickups, innovated with services and equipment and is now proposing reforms ranging from standardized envelope sizes to simplified postage and handling for large-volume mailings. Still, to the average sender and receiver of letters, It often seems that the major change in the past year and a half has been to move from the verge of collapse to an advanced stage of same. Most users have their examples of horrendous service — letters taking weeks to cross the country or even to be delivered to a nelghborlnp city, air mail and special delivery taking longer than third class once did, lost and damaged items. It might almost seem that the very immensity of the problem precludes any real solution. The mails, by one estimate, handle some 87 billion pieces a year. As a Postal Service representative noted in a recent Los Angeles Times report, even if the mail went through 99.9 per cent swiftly and without error, the .01 per cent delayed or otherwise mishandled would still provide grounds for 87 million complaints a year. That is a lot of public unhappiness and the Postal Service, has, in fact, established a special office to handle complaints (Consumer Advocate Consumer Affairs Department, U. S. Postal Service, Washington D. C. 20260), although advising citizens to bring mail problems first to the attention of local postmasters. Service could start improving more noticeably this fall when new bulk mail facilities begin to be introduced in the metropolitan mall bottlenecks. We can hope so. Meanwhile, the Postal Service is the ffflall society displaying an artistic as well as practical side to its innovation. The latest new stamp design is not the usual commemoration of an eminent American historic figure, event or place, but a near-psychedelic "Special Stamp for Someone Special." Released in time for Valentine cards, it simply stated "Love, U.S. 8 cents" in cheerful red, blue and green. It's nice to know that if we haven't yet fully achieved speed and efficiency in the mails, we at least have heart. Right To Go To Top Court One of the basic rights of Americans, while not specifically defined in the Constitution and never exercised by the vast majority of citizens, but valued nevertheless, is the right to "take it all the way up to the Supreme Court." A proposal to establish a new court—a "National Court of Appeals"—just below the Supreme Court but above all others would seriously curtail this right and impair ^ the integrity of the Supreme Court as well, critics of the plan say. The proposal was made in December by a Study group of noted lawyers and law professors, appointed by Chief Justice Warren E. Burger to make recommendations for easing the growing burden of cases being appealed to the Supreme Court each year. The number has increased from about 1,400 cases to more than 4,500 annually in the past 20 years. The National Court of Appeals would be made up of seven members drawn from the 11 federal Circuit Courts, who would serve staggered three-year terms. It would screen al! cases sent up for review by the Supreme Court, forwarding only those it considered most important. The other cases it would either decide itself, deny a review or send back to a lower court for further adjudication. But to insure that the authority of the Supreme Court would not be undermined, the high court would still have the ultimate power of review. It could reach down and pluck up any case it wanted to hear, whether passed on by the new court or not. The Letter Box Dear Editor: Since when do your slatt- writers thinit tliey qualify as critics. The review that Tim Mulhem wrote about the Broadway musical Applause was in very bad taste. I don't believe he knew what he was talking about. The only thing he placed in the article was his own opinion and should have been stated as such. I was there and saw it and 1 thought that it was very well performed. Many other people that saw it feel the same way. Donald Pinkerton Panama City Dear Sir: I read in yesterday's (Feb. 8> paper Tim Mulhern's review ob the recent produotiori in ouf city, Applause. It is gratifying to know you have a staff member of such .obvious talent, insight, and caliber as to be able to reduce the English language to such an accurate and complete account of an event. His talent is only surpassed by his conviction to let criticism rest where criticism is justltied. Thank you for recognising this proficient talent in our area, T look forward with great anticipation to his future contributions to your paper. Sincerely, Dabney Ramseur, Jr. Panama C5ty to their roots, but one that will cause a mild tremor among those who have seen him perform as a part of that team. You see, we, the parents, the coaches, the sports lovers of the community, have lost sight of the original purpose of the entire sports program on a high school level. We have become so enamored of won-lost records, statistics, rivalries that assume b 1 o o d-feud proportions, that we've very nearly forgotten that football was originally intended to complement the academic program and to provide a wholesome outlet for the boundless energy that's such an integral part of being young. We've allowed a game to become a business with pomp and pageantry and up with winners and down with losers. We haven't tampered with baseball much. After all, the gate receipts are minimal, body contact is limited — you can hardly get hurt in baseball unless you fail to get out of the way of a pitched or batted ball. That a boy can take pride in being a part of a well-turned double play or a throw made crisply and on target from deep center field to the cut-off man, that he can experience genuine pleasure in a single rapped sharply over the second base man's head with a runner in scoring position seems almost unmanly. The game of lifs is learned in the rough and tumble business on the crldiron. We'll let that game played on the diamond remain a game. And what head coach ever kept his job as a result of mere games played when there's a big business to conduct;? But what about the boy who enjoys both the business and the game? Surely, with a full third of the school year separating business season from gamt season, if he's so inclined he can give the required 100 percent physically, mentally, and emotionally to each in its season. No more. We parents and coaches and fans in our infinite wisdoni have allowed butlneis season to extend throughout the entire school year. Buliness preparations are still in full swing when game preparations are beginning; thus, 100 percent to each is impossible. Our son saw the need to make a choice. He elected to forego the pomp, pageantry, and press clippings of the business and simply play the game. I applaud his choice. Yours truly, Betty C. Diltz Panama City Dear Sir: Our son has withdrawn from the football program at his high school. More bluntly, our son has "quit the team". A statement unlikely to shake the sports-minded of the community I News-Herald I Published Daily and Sunday by Florida Pitedom Newspapsra Inc. Second Class Pottac* Paid at Panama City, Florida: P.O. Bos 1940, ZIP Code 32401. Di- i»ct Sucoesaor to the Panama City Newa. Member Audit Bureau of Circulation. SUBSCRIPTION RATES BY CARRIER: Daily And Sunday, 1 ytar, 131 .20, 6 Mos. 115 .60, 3 Mos. 17 .80. 1 Mo. $2.60, . Daily Only, 1 Year $21.00, 6 Mos. $10.50, 3 Mos. $6.26, 1 Mo. $1.75, Sunday Only, I Year, $12.96, 6 Mos. $6.48, 3 Mols. $3.24, 1 Mo. $1.08, BY MAIL Dsily h Sunday, 1 Year. $42.00, 6 Mo8. $21.00. 8 Mos. $10.50,1 Mo. $3.60, Daily Only, 1 Year, $26.40, 6 MM . $13.20, 3 MoS. $6.60,1 Mo. $2.20, Sunday Only 1 Year, $18.20, 6 MoS. $9.10, 3 Moa. $4.55. Represented in the general advertising field by Ward-Griffith Company, Inc. 757 Third Ave., New York, N.Y, 10017. Branch offices in princinal cities. i by Brickman Dr. Lamb Your Health Recently I received a letter from the Coffee Information Institute. Their letter in part is as follows: ". . .you describe caffeine as a drug that belongs to the same group of drugs as amphetamines, commonly called 'speed.' Since caffeine is a member of the xanthine group of drugs and /speed' is a name commonly applied to methamphetamine hydrocholoride, we are unable to find a scientific basis for the relationaship you suggest. Could you please furnish our office with the medical documentation tor your statement? "In the same column. . . you discuss an increase in acid pepsin juice' by the.stomach as a result of consuming caffeine beverages. ..we would like to obtain the medical references upon which you base your suggestions that coffee, tea or cola beverages 'may cause indigestion' and other gastrointestinal ailments." Fair enough The public should have the references too, The American Medical Assn.'s Council on Drugs published the AMA Drug Evaluation text in 1971 and the chapter on analeptics, that group of drugs which stimulate the brain, includes caffeine and the amphetamine group. All competent pharmaco logists know that caffeine and the amphetamines l)elong to \hp., group of drugs called analeptielk So much for that. "Speed" is a slang term commonly employed for amphetamine. Slang is inexact, but common usage is the rule. Time magazine (December 18, 1972) and in the same week, Newsweek, both use "speed" as slang for amph^amine which serves as one inrte of common usage. So much Tift that. The marked effect of caffeine on stimulating excMllve amounts of acid pepsin juice formed by the stomach is well established. The pharmacology text written by I>r«. Goodman and Gillman is often considered the Bible in medical schools. These are their quotes, ", . .in cats and humans moderate doses of caffeine result in a pro- Icmgea augmentation of gastric secretion . in view of the responsiveness of the human gastric mucosa to caffeine, cognizance must be taken of the ubiquitous use of coffee and cola beverages in the pathogenesis of peptic ulcer, and in the management of the ulcer patient. . .There is also evidence that individuals with a predisposition toward peptic ulcers, or patients with peptic ulcers who are in remission, exhibit an abnormal re- sonse. A patient with an active peptic ulcer should restrict his i nt a k e of caffeine-containing beverages. Individuals with peptic ulcer should consume their coffee (if at all) during meals, well diluted with cream because the buffering capacity of coffee is negligible." And finally in referring to caffeine and other drugs of the "xanthine" group Goodman and Gilman-s text states. "Overindulgence in xanthine beverages may lead to a condition wliich might be considered one of chronic poisoning. Central nervous stimulation results in restlessness and disturbed sleep; myocardial stimulation is reflected in cardiac irregularities, especially premature systoles, and in pcdpitation and tachycardia. The essential oils of coffee may cause %mk gastrointestinal irritation, and diarrhea is a common symp- torfi." Enough said. capital, rather than his income.) In addition, an individal, may give as much as $3,000 annually to his parents, children, spouse, or certain close kinsfoll?, without paying tax on his gift. Why anyone should be expected to pay taxes on free gilts always Has puzzled me: it Is a bad principle, whether the gifts amount to more or less than $3,000. If he gives the sum out of his current income, this amount! to double taxation, since he already will have paid income tax. If he gives the sum out of his capital, this amounts to a capital levy — which destroys savings and is generally admitted to be a misguided tax — unless the deliberate intention is fo diminish private capital and create a socialist state, The excuse for gift taxes is that they prevent people from handing over to their children or others, during the giver's lifetime, property that otherwise would be subject to inheritance tax upon the death of its owner. But the itiheritance tax also is a bad tax, in its practical operation; in this country, its most conspicuous effect has been to destroy individual businesses and esiates, and partnerships to the advantage of the big corporation; for inheritance taxes rarely affect the operation of a corporation' with many stockholders. Anyway, surely it is reasonable to allow any citizen to give relativel.v small sums to his near relatives, without collecting ? kind of double tax from him. That is the purpose of the existing $3,000 exemption, When this exemption was enacted, $3,000 still was B substantial sum. But nowadays, what with inflation ot the dollar, few people would find it easy to subsist on W.OOO per annum. Why reduce the exemption now? Would it not seem more reasonable to increase it to |S,000, say, or $6,000? If a parent wishes to provide something for his children's future, is it unreasonable that he should be permitted to give a son $3,000 a year, or more, without paying this special tax? If he gave such a sum every year for a decade, still the son would hava received only ?30,000 — which would do little more than provide a tolerable little house, if that. If a citizen has a dependent old uncle, or parents with a meager pension, is it wrong that he should give them $3,000 or $8,000 a year, without being taxed twice on his income? Why make private charity more difficult than it is already? These moderate exemptions from gift tax are one device for retaining some family responsibility and continuity; and nowadays the family needs all the encouragement it can find. The alternative to mutual help within the family Is to make most people wards of the state, If their own incomes are insufficient. Surely our aim should be to diminish the number of people dependent on public "welfare," not to increase the welfare rolls by injudicious and un.just new taxation. If gifts are to be taxed at all, then the tax ought to be paid by the recipient, not by the donor. Indeed, it would be more fair to tax such received gifts as ordinary income (though today the recipient of a simon-pure gift pays nothing) than to bleed a donor because he has been generous toward his kinsmen. Why not abolish gift and inheritance taxes altogether, as a genuine tax reform, and transfer the burden to income tax, based upon the real ability to pay? FRIDAY. FEB. 16 Your birthday today: As the year progresses, you are more debermine d than ever'to achieve your original goals. Today's natives follow unspoken psychic guidance into extreme personal projects which they seldom share with friends, ARIES (March 21-April 19): As you strive for a creative group Or community enterprise, your share may not be extensive but it is important to all, TAURUS (AprU 20-May 20)): Now is the time for getting out of old ruts of habit; install changes, new furnishings and appliances, or take up a new abode. GEMINI (May 21-June 20): It is s day of good news, re conciliations, shared nostalgia over people and places you may never see a.sahi. CANCER (June 21-July 22): Experiments are encouraged, within reason, according to your natural urge for creative change. You may not return to an old way. LEO (July 23 -A .ug. 22): Stop long enough to think thru your roiter of frlend« and contaotn; realize you are neglecting somebody of value. VIRGO (Aug. 23-Sept. 22): What you want is more rtad- ily achieved by quietly doing what is indicated, as opposed to offering public explanations, LIBRA (Sept, 23-Oct. 22): In cooperation with old friends, you triumph in some personal ideal. Whatever your status, you can lend authority. SCORPIO (Oct. 23-Nov 21): Get busy early as there are preparations to make, more than you can do singlehanded; share your anticipations, enlist help. SAGITTARIUS (Nov. 22- Dec. 21): Make this a day of Inspection, set guideline* for those under your supervision. Review your home and its conditions. CAPRICORN (Dec. 22-Jan. 19): Take all that is coming your way — it's payoff or harvest time for your past efforts. Add to your reserves. AQUARIUS (Jan. 20-Feb. 18): Take a good look at where you are in your relationships; Resolve to enrtch your life with more wisdom. PISCES (Feb, 19-March 20): Take matters in hand for a normal day's adventure in the art Of living, to see how much satisfaction you can get from the ordinary. COMMUNITY CALENDER FRroAT 9:00 a.m.—Cherry Street Bridge Club, Velma's Place 11:30 a.m.—National Association of Retired Federal Employes, Harbour House 12:00 noon—Shrine Club, Harbour House 7:00 p,m,-CivU Air Patrol, BuUding 1148, Tyndall Air Force Base 7:30 p,m,—Swinging Squares, Square Dance Center 8:00 p.m.—Alcoholics Anonymous, Gulf Beach Presbyterian Church ' GULP COUNTY 12:00 noon—Port St, Joe Retail Merchants Association, St. Joe Motel Dining Room SATURDAY 2:30 p.m.—Bay County Junior Handlers Club, Oakland Terrace Mens Clubhouse BEtS WID "fm Mt «mrfiiit wmlwm, dw, but eof% rev • ^finpimrf iua sound* funnel"
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