BLYTHEVILLE COURIER NEWS THE DOMINANT NEWSPAPER Of NORTRKA »T ARKANSAS AKD SOUTHEAST MISSOURI TOL. XLVI—NO. 94 Blytheville Dally Newi Mississippi Valley Leader Blythevills Courier Blytheville Herald BIA'THEVIIXE, ARKANSAS,'MONDAY, JU5A r 10, 1950 FOURTEEN PAGES SINGLE COPIES FIVE CEKT» •Reds Within 20 Miles of S. Korea Capital News Photo 19,032,000 Acres Of Cotton Reported In U.S. as of July 1 WASHINGTON, July 10. (AP)—The Agriculture Department reported today that 10,032,000 ncrcs of cotton were in cultivation on July 1.. This was 31.1 per cent smaller than a year ago. No\ forecast of production ^-as+ — '. iriven. But if the yield Lo the ^cre equals the 1939-48 average of about 350 pounds, production would be about 9.506,000 bales of 5DO pounds weight, production last year was 16,121,000 bale*, the fourth largest on record, -juTtils yenir's crop IR beinij 'prodnc^ •'Sn under a rigid production co" 1 - 1 -** . and marketing 'ijliticsf' :'pibgram ' aigned to hold prouction to more than 12,000,000 l>ale.s> : - •— r.-.—- ...*......... n^., t .^ ^ u .^>. u Shoul the acre yield equal hst I Congressional lenders of both p:ir- World News Briefs- 's^. above-average figure ' of 234 pound*, production this year would be about 10,816,000 bales. 1 Production for the ten-year average Is 11.306,000 bales. The first estimate of this year's production will b« given Aug. 8. The acreage in cultivation July 1 compared "with about 21,650,000 allot«d growers under the cotton control program. The program Includes marketing quotas under which ssil&s r^^^acres In excess of .allotments •itf subject to .stiff penalties taxes. The indicated acreages by states • nd the perecenlnge of last year's July 1 acres, respectivelj', included: Missouri"440,000 acres or 73 per Mint or last year's July 1 acreage; Tennessee 650,000 or 77; Arkansas 1,720.000 nr 6fi; Louisiana 775,000 or 72 and Oklahoma 1,050,000 nr 78. With the exception of 1945 and 1&46, the acreage would be the smallest harvested snice 1885. In Missouri, Arkansas and Oklahoma, early spring weather was unfavorable ami accounted for part of the decrease in acreage in those states from n year ago. East of the Mississippi River;, germination of seed was generally satisfactory, but cool weather retarded early growth and reauccrt crop stands in many areas, t, Excessive rains in Misourl and 7 Arkansas made considerable replanting necessary. Outside these two states, and Oklahoma, cotton was up to a stand generally earlier than usual. Weather during lale June was generally favorable in all slatc-s and crop growth made rapid progress. The Department^id the number of boll weevils emerging this spring was the heaviest of record. tics .to a White House conference tomorrow on the Korean .situation. Senator Lucas of Illinois, the Democratic leader, told a reporter that so far as he knows the President not contemplating any drastic new steps. Draft Boards to Hire LITTLE ROCK, July 10. (AP] — Arkansas Selective Service headquarters today received orders to employ sufficient personnel for accelerating draft board operations In announcing this, however, Brig Gen. R. L. Compere .head of selective service in the state, said: don't believe 1-A men will be ordered Lo draft boards in the nea future." D o//o Center's New 'Home Moved to Site The barracks building donated by Mayor Doyle Henderson for Uifi City of BlyLticvillc, which will house the oill-patient polio center when It is transferred from the fairgrounds, was moved onto the Court Blouse lawn today ns, (he second sleti in rc-locHting the center. Foundation for Ihe building was poured last week by the county. Shown In the photo above is the building as it arrived at the Court House to be placed on its foundation. The Kuvanis Club, in too [K-ration with the Mississippi County Infantile Paralysis Association, the Community Service Council and the Junior Service Auxiliary, is sponsoring re-loca- ,11011 p'f the clinic. Virgil Foley, professional house mover, moved the building from the air base to the Court House lawn free of charge. The building formerly was an orderly room for one of the Army Air Force squadrons stationed at Blylhev.lle Army Air Field during World War II. It will be completely re-nuidclcd by the KI- wanuin.s. 1,743 Missco Men Listed 1-A In Draft Total of 5,851 Registered in County to Date Approximately 1,743 oC the 035,000 men expected lo be drafted into the armed services by President Truman's order Friday which may set the nation's selective service nachinery back in action, reside in Mississippi County, according to figures released bis morning by Miss Rosa Saliba, clerk of the Mississippi 'Joiiuly Draft Board. This figure Is not Mississippi County's quota when and if draft iction starts, as no quotas have been set as yet. It is merely the number of young men between the -iges of 18 and 25 with l-A classifications. Miss Saliba said that a total of approximately 5,851 men betweeo the ages of 18 and 26 have been registered in the county since the passage of the 1948 Selective Service Act. Of this number. 4,490 are white and 1,361 are Negroes. Of the number of Mississippi County men eligible for draft under tlie peace time Selective Service Act of 1948, 1.264 are white and the remaining 479 are Negroes, Miss Saliba said. Not Notified Vel * However. Miss Saliba said that her office has not as yet been officially notified as " lo when actual drafting would start. President Truman authorized the drafting of 635,000 men to 'bring the armed forces up to Llieir required strength but military officials are hoping that enough enlistments will be received within the next few weeks,to make drafting unnecessary. B. G. West of Blytheville is chairman of the Mississippi County Draft Board and G. C. Dauchowcr of Osccola nurl C. P. Tompkins of Bur- dctte are members. N. O. Cofton Open High Low Close July 33S4 3635 3354 3633 Ocl I 3330 3528 3338 352E Dec 3335 3525 3335 352 Mar 3342 3524 3341 3524 TOMORROW'S NEWS TODAY-In ease you've wondered why you're getting; Friday battle stories from Korea In your Thursday newspaper, the answer Is right here. Korea Is located just four hours west of Ihe International Date Line in the Pacific—an imaginary line where when It's Friday on the wcsl side It's Thursday on the east. Korean time Is 14 hours ahead of New York's, so Korea's Friday is more than half gone before New York's even begins. The Newschart above gives comparative times for Korea and the four U. S. time zones. If you happen lo be on Daylight Saving Time, you'd better forget the whole thing. lost' U.S. Battalion Eludes Trap; First AtrocitiesReported TOKYO, Tuesday, July 11. (AP)_Northern Com- luinist troops battled to within 20 air miles of Taejon, SoutK Koreas temDorury capital, early today after a "lost" U S. battalion had fought its way out of a trap and tlie first American victims of Red atrocity were round. Hound and shot In Die face, the Ijodlcs of seven American soldiers were found In n se-saw bnUIe area yesterday. They were not members of the '"lost battalion, which has rejoined Its regiment nnd is ready (or action. They were found by Lt. D. C. Gates of Texas, who Identified four of them as his ammunition carriers. They were seen trapped and surrendering to two Red tanks a short time earlier. Kert Division Advances General MacArthur In his 12:02 a.m. (9:02 a.m. EST Monday) com- munlciue told of Ihe North Korean advances He said the stride wns made by the- North Korean First Division, which had hemmed in the unidentified "lost" battalion for two days before 11 slugged Its way free. General MacArlhur's communi- que said tl;e Communist First, Division, which trapped the "lost May 333-1 3523 3333 3523 I M. New York Cotton Open High I^ow Close July 3360 3080 MM 3660 Oct 3348 3535 3MB 3535 Dec 3344 3534 3344 3534 Mar 3342 3533 3342 3533 :ay 3347 3533 3343 3533 County to Acquire Photostatic Machine to Record Documents Mississippi County mortgages, deeds, judgments nml oilier legal documents soor will be recorded by the most modern metliod available—pholoslalic copying Circuit Clerk Harvtiv Morris t ntln v t»n n^Miwnrl . * Harvey Morris today announced. Coffee and Meat Prices Jump Here During Past Two Weeks gone up In Blytheville during the grocery Excise Tax Cut Hit WASHINGTON, July 10. (AP) — The National Association of Man ufacturers spoke out today a^aius the House-passed bill to cut excisi taxes by $1,010,000.000 saying no ta: bill at all would be better than that one. The NAM's main criticism was leveled at a provision intended to help make up the revenues loss to Ihe government, by boosting taxc.* on large corporations. Number of Cities over 2,500 Is Up But Arkansas Remains Rural State Wecther Arkansas forecast: Considerable cloudiness with a few scattered thundershowers this afternoon, to- Rcds Called Aggression CHARLOTTESVILLE. Va. t July 10. (AP) — Ambassador-at-Largc Philip C. Jessup declared today there can never be any serious question about who started the'Ko- rean war. Despite the "flood of lies" vhich has pourod from the Communists, he said, the record proves .hat they were the aggressors. Appointee Named WASHINGTON. July 10. (AP) — President Truman today nominated Clarence J. McCormick of Indiana to be undersecretary of agriculture. McCormick is president of the Knox County Farm Bureau and Is a member of the board of directors ol the Indiana Farm Bureau. CLOUDY change in temperatures. Missouri forecast: Cloudy with thundershowcrs tonight and Tuesday: little change in temperatures: low tonight 60's; high Tuesday lower go's cast. Minimum this morning—63. Maximum yesterday—92. Minimum Sunday morning—€2. Maximum Saturday-88. Minimum this morning—61, Maximum yesterday—89. Sunset today—7:15. jk Sunrise tomorrow—4:56. B Precipitation 48 hours lo 7 a.m today—none. ToUl since Jan. 1—33.88. Mean temperature (midway be tweeri hi£h and low! 77.5. Normal mean temperature for LITTLE ROCK. July 1(1. tip, What are the fastest-growing cities in Arkansas? A study of preliminary 1950 census figures show that the state's irban population, in cities of 2,500 r more, has increased considerably n the past decade—from 22.2 to 2.4 per cent. There are eleven more additions o the list of cities of 2.500 or more his year. In 1940, states a report by the Arkansas Resources and Dc- •elopmcnt Commission, there were >2 such populated areas. The 1050 census shows there are 63. Arkansas, despite it-s city growth, till is a rural stale. The ARDC says 67.6 per cent of the 1,000.338 persons reside in rural areas, or in owns with less than 2,500 popula- lon. In 1940. the rural population ivas 77.8 per cent. For the state a,s a whole, the 1050 Stocks Closing Quotations: AT&T Amer Tobacco Anaconda Copper ... Beth Steel Chrysler Cora Cola Gen Electric Gen Motors Montgomery Ward .. N Y Central Int Harvester Republic Steel Radio ... Socony Vacuum ..... Studcbaker Standard of N J .... Scars . Packard 150 1-4 65 7-8 30 1-4 37 3-4 69 3-8 131 44 7-8 85 1-2 51 5-8 12 1-2 26 1-8 35 1-2 IB 1-2 20 23 7-8 13 44 1-8 3 3-4 ^oybeons CHICAGO. July 10, (,r>—Soybean quotations: High Low Jiy . Nov Jan Mar Close 3.23 3.1314 3.22-2 2.43-V, 2.42 2.49'i 1..W-S 2.44'i 2.51'.1 census shows a decline of 49,049. This figure Is slightly smaller than announced previously because of an upward revision In the population of Texarkana, Ark. Of the 63 cities, only five have lost in population, so the question of which cities arc making the greatest population strides is difficult. On the basis of unofficial census figures. North Little Rock, f'ay- cttevllte, West Memphis, Newport and Magnolia have scored the biggest advancement in rank. Paragould and Malvern also have Improved their positions. North LIUIc Rock climbed from fifth to third and is pushing Fort Smith for designation as the state's second largest city. Fayettcvtllc advanced from 12th to 7th., West Memphis vaulted from 41st to 14th Bacon, pork loins, hams and shoulders are up everywhere. Sugar Is reported by several stores is being up 15 cents a 100 pounds. Coffee and meat prices have gone up in last Iwo weeks since fighting began In Korea, It wns found by vey of several chain and privately owned retail morning, The price of coffee is up from two cents lo Iwo and one-half cenls at, every store contacted. However, the manager of one store said coffee prices have been below regular market prices and are just now Increasing. Several stores "were informed by salesmen that coffee Is expected to go up about five cents a pound by next week. Meal prices, especially on pork, increased greatly the lost week. Pork loins are up 15 to 20 cents a pouiul at every store. One store reported an Increase of seven to 10 cents on all fancy cuts of meats. su r- stores this t Purchase of a, $5,000 pholosta machine lias been authorized b 1 County Judge Ilolantl Green and i should be here within the next twi weeks, Mr. Morris uid. ., , . . The machine will ba uscrt I copy in rullslic all mortgages, cour orders, judgements and other lega documents now recorded by typ writer In. the circuit clerk's office Accuracy is Hie greatest reaso for obtaining [he machine, Mr —one of the greatest growths in the state—Newport moved from 28th to 20th, Magnolia stepped up from 21th to 22nd. Paragould shifted from 14lh to 13th. and Malvern gained two places, from 20th to 18th. Even though all other cities In the top 25 this year registered gains, some dropped in rank. Hot Springs declined from 3rd to 5lh. Hope from 13th to I5th, Texarkana from 1th, to 10th, Russellvllle from 15th to 17th, Forrest City from 17th to 19th, and Batesvillc from "1st to 25th, to mention a few. But for growth, Cullendalc, near El Dorado, just about lakes the ake. In 1940. It had a population of 821. In 1950. it was credited with 2,981. The five clues showing declines iince 1940 were Clarendon, from Notion Faces Possibilty of Another Rail Strike as Unions Meet to Decide CHICAGO. July 10. (/r>—With one major rail walkout ended, the nation faced possibility of another today. A strike by AFL, switchmen which had stopped service on four roads and hampered a fifth was halted In two stages by government pressure. Last Thursday, the union cancelled its walkout against four of the roads after President Truman said the strike was stopping the flow of grains and cattle, and threatened national defense. The strike remained In effect against '.he Chicago. Rock Island and Pacific Railroad because, the union said, parallel rail services were available. A federal court late Saturday night sent the last 1.500 striking switchmen back to work on the Rock Island. Today, three other rail unions met In Chicago to decide whether their 250.000 members will strike to back up their demands for a shorter i work week and higher pay. They I are the trainmen, conductors »nd yardmasters. A cooling off period under the Railway Labor Act ends Saturday leaving the unions free to strike at any time after that. A spokesman for the order of railway conductors said the court order to the switchmen and government seizure 3f the Rock Island lines, Satun 'have not made any difference In our thinking." Federal mediators have been try- Ing lo persuade officials of the three unions to settle their disputes with the carriers without resorting to strike action. The National Railway Mediation Board reported las week that "good progress" had been made In heading off this strike threat. With tlie government gravely concerned over military operations U.S. forces participating tn the United Nations Intervention In Ko rca, President Truman has »n nounced he is determined to keep transport arteries open. This firm ness has been applied to the switch naklng an increase of about 25 cenls per 100 pounds in Ihe last three weeks. l.iird Also Soar* Lard Is "going sky high" R locnl grocer said when nskcd about prices. Most stores reported an Increase of about two and one half to three cenls a pound on lard and shortening. Meal is np two dollars a barrel, one store reported. Canned goods are Just about the same price. All grocers said there was no great demand for any product except sugar. Many attributed this to canning season. One store, however, has sold three weeks' supply of sugar In less than one week In general, most grocers feel that prices generally arc steady and there Is no rush to stock up on any article. Trices Up Klsewlicrr Meanwhile. meat and coffee prices In at least two other Arkansas cities have soared in llic two weeks since fighting flared in Korea. Increased prices of mcnt. especially pork, were compared to the early clays of World War Two Little Rock, and Hot Springs reported both meat and coffee price." much higher. T. W. Weiss, Citdahay Picking Co. manager. Little Rock, said his firm has boosted pork prices 12 to 15 cents a pound and blamed Ihe Increase on the war scare and seasonal scarcity. Kcslauranls Slock Up B. L. Kraft, merchandiser for the Morris said, as on many documents signatures nre scribbled or other wise hard lo read and therefor leave room for error in transcrlb ing Ihe documcnls by typwrHe By photostat, the document ttse photographed In full size an thereby completely eliminate erro Oilier Us*« Possible Although the machine -was pur chased for recordings of circu clerk and about 88 per cent c Us use will be In thai, capacity Mr. Morris said, the machine lie available to all county office nnd probably will be used by a lo some extent. The $5,000 price will Include Ir stallation costs. Mr. Morris addc and the machine will not be ai more expensive than the presen method ol recording. The photosta tic copies of all documents will 1 bound just as were the typwrlttc sheets. Change of Office* The machine will be Installed the second floor of Jhe Cour House In the office formerly o cupicd by Judge Green. H also w announced toilay that several o flee sites have been switched a Court House shuffle lo ma:, room for the new machine and a Addrcssograph which will be d catcd in the same room. Installation of the Acldlcssograp is to lake place tomorrow and Is lo be used by the county clerk's ttallon for two days, has ad- nccd on south from Chonan to mnenu, a tiny village 18 miles 1 road south of Chonan and 25 lies by air northwest or Taejon. The communique said another nee, probably the enemy Third Ivlsion, was Jn contact with Arncr- an forces at'Chochiwon, 15 miles iitheast of Chonan and 20 miles I air across the country north- est of Taejon. At Chichon, the second North orcan division engaged elements '• a South Korean corps on a. rout just south o[ the city, th» ommunlque reported. Foe Gains Grounil MacArthur said enemy pressure allied some ground In the Um- ong-Chungju area, some 70 miles orthcast of Chonan. Units of the 5th North Korean division there orced back Southern Republican roops to high ground northwest ' Unisong, he said. Just south of Chimgju, major Ity In Ihe Umsong fighting area, enemy battalion with other orces opposed South Korean roops, MacArthur'i communion* nid. The United Nations commander ;ald Increased activities of the East Coast still Indicated southward ressure with opposition from f rlend- y fortes (likely Allied naval and air). MacArlhur said there was evidence the morale of the North Ko- ' rean Communists .was slipping under the heavy pressure applied by Allied warplanes which yesterday began around the-clock attacks on them. •',. - . •<-. ,.• ; Sorte''«.enemy Ja_nks..lrappe[l on highway nsar 'Cliorian, were knocked out by the low flying planes yesterday, front line dispatches said. Bomber* Get Results MacArthur said light bombers from the Fifth Air Force performed close support, and bombed troops, vehicles, ttvnks and trucks with reported good results. Fighters, he said, reported many tanks, trucks, railroad rolling stock and vehlclcti destroyed. Napalm, the firebomb, was used with reported excellent results, the general's communique salt!. Napalm Is a secret soap like mixture that splatters flaming gasoline when the bomb bursts. The advance of the North Korean troops on the populous western side of the Korean Peninsula carried Ihcm to within 20, miles of Taejon. MacArihur said the Tlcds were at Chochlwon, a rail Junction. But even as these reverses wer« reported, LI. Gen. George E. Strate- mcyer said In a Tokyo Intrvfew that comhined atr, sea and ground forces of the Allies had stopped the See KOREA on Page 14 2,551 to 2.541; CrosscU, from 4,98! to 4,614; UeQucen. from 3,055 lo •W87; Paris, from 3.430 to 3,250. and Walnut Ridge, from 3 455 to 3,102. •tallowing are the first 25 cities in Population: Little Rock Black and White chain, said his stores will raise pork prices 21) cente a pound today. He said big restaurant owners have been piling 'argc supplies of pork in freezers. Hot Springs reported that grocery chains have boosted pork prices 10 Little Rock Fort Smith No. Little Rock Pine Bluff Hot Springs El Dorado Fayettcvtlle Jonesboro Blythcvillc Texarkana Camilcn Helena Paragould West Memphis Hone Conway Russellville Malvern Forrest City Newport Stull«art Magnolia Arkadelphl* Van Buren Battsvllli 83.039 101,387 3G.584 47,866 21,137 42.452 21.290 37,147 21,370 29,021 15,858 23,035 8,212 17.015 12 1 11.729 16,260 8 8 10,052 16.221 9 9 11.821 15,833 7 10 8,975 11,341 10 11 8.546 11.257 11 12 7.079 9,660 14 13 3,369 7.475 5.182 5527 5,230 5,699 4.321 5,628 4,326 5.078 '5.422 5,267 9,062 41 14 8602 13 15 8,586 1C 16 8,135 15 8,015 20 18 7,557 17 19 7,257 28 20 7,124 18 21 6908 27 22 6,795 22 23 6.359 19 cents a pound and four lo six cents that coffee a pound higher. and sheriff's offices lo prepare lax books and mall out tax statements. In the office shuffle. Ihe Child Welfare Department has moved Into a first-floor room formerly used for janitor's supplies and the lal- tor have been moved Into the boiler room. The former room -has been petitioned and renovated. Mayc.s Moves Office County School Supervisor John Mayes has moved his office Into that previously held by the welfare department and Judge Green has moved from his second-floor of- Ice into the former office of Super- See COUNTY on I'ane M 'Bargain Days' Officers Report City Approval "Blythcvillc Bargain Days" block captains have reported clly merchants arc almost 100 per cent he- hint] the three-day mid-summer trade promotion to be held here July 27-2D. Harry Levitch, chairman, today announced. Mr. I.evitch said the block captains have contacted all Main- Street merchants and seme on side streets and that all reported "acceptance of an enthusiasm tor the plan." All are very much behind the Idea, he said. He al.so announced that hngc banners uill be erected within the next few days to announce "Blytheville Bargain nays." These will be located on Highway 18, cast and west, and Highway 61. north and smith. The event ts sponsored by the Merchants Division of the Chamber of Commerce. More U.S. Forces Are Alerted FORT LEWIS, Wash.. July 10. M'H at full combat strength of 18,991 — Infantrymen of the Second (In- dtanhead) Division were moving "on i the double" here today, preparing to shove off for "somewhere" in the Far East. MaJ. Gen. Laurence B. Reiser, division commander, cancelled leaves for all troops within minutes after it was alerted yesterday, He orderd all officers and enlisted men to return here by the fastest possible means. The division's public Information officer said no word had been received on how the troops would DC transported across .the Pacific, but It was assumed they would go by Iransport from the Seattle porl of embarkation, Division leaders said Ihe oullit now has about 15.000 men. but that 6,371 21 25 It "could be expected" It would be when it heads for the Orient. Inlo Others WASHINGTON, July 10. OP) The Army has started dipping into the small, five-division mobile force stationed In the United States to hasten help for American forces rocked by an onrushtng North Korean army. The decision to order the 2nd Infantry Division and an unspecified number of smaller units from other organizations to the Far East came less than two weeks after the United States had stopped Into the Korean conflict. It was indicative of how Ihe timetable has quickened as unhappy reports came Into the Pentaeon from the front. And It Intensified today th« man- power problems confronting the military, sharpening questions about the current volunteer effort, whether the draft would have to be used, whether the National Guard eventually would be moved into the picture. The so-called "mobile striking force" was created for the purpose to which the 2nd Division and the other units are now being applied- deployment to any area where an emergency occurs. Pared down from original plans, ft consists of the five divisions, plus the units needed to enable the combat divisions to fight. Tlie divisions are these: The 2nd Infantry, based at FU Lewis, Wash.: the 82nd Airborne, based at Ft. Bragg, N.O.; the llth Airborne at Ft. Campbell, Ky.; the 2nd Armored at Ft. Hood. Tex.; the 3rd Infantry at Ft. Bennlr.g, Oi.
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