BLYTHEVILLE COURIER NEWS THE DOMINANT NEWSPAPER OF NORTHEAST ARKANSAS AND SOUTHEAST MISSOURI YOL. XLVl—NO. 93 Bl> thevil)e Dally New* BlythevlU* Courier Mississippi Valley L*»dcr BlythevUl* HuaOd BLYTHKVIU-B, ARKANSAS, SATURDAY, JULY 8, 1950 KIGHT PACKS . S. Seizure of Strike - Bound Railroad Ordered by Truman WASHINGTON, July 8. W)— President Truman today ordered •elzure .o( th« strike-bound Rock Island Railroad and directed Hie Army to run it [or the government. Government seizure Is "imi>er- •tive," in view of the /strike by the switchmen's union, to protect the national defense and security of the nation, Mr. Truman said. The President acted in the face of a proposal from the strikers which the union said may "dispose of our dispute." The union proposal, reported in Chicago, was not made public. In • statement issued with his fleimre order, Mr. Truman called on every employe to return to his Job «nd added: "1 call upon the officers o[ the Switchmen's Union of North America and such other labor or- ganisations as may be affected to take appropriate action to keep their members at work." Other Strikes Threatened The switchmen had called off their strike against four other large Western and Midwestern raildroads. They kept the walkout in force against the Chicago, Rock Island and Pacific, however, and theie have been threats that oilier unions also would declare strikes against the line. The walkouts began June 25 over the men's demand for a five-day week with the same pay they get for the present six-day week. The union had rejected a pre- sidential fact-finding board's recommendation for an 18 cent hourly pay boost and a 40-hour work week. In his order, Mr. Truman directed that the wages and conditions in force at the start of the strike continue in effect. He did not, however, bar any settlement which might make new terms an dconditlons retroactive when a final settlement is reached. The President ou Thursday called, the strike unjustified and threatened drastic action, but until today the nature ot such action was not revealed. The other lines—the Chicago Great Western Great Northern Denver ami Rio Grande Western and Western Pacific—now are getting rolling Bgain. Asked Reiurn to Job« 7'lie National (Railway) Mediation Hoard asked the APfj switchmen's union for a third time, to BO back on the job while their wage and hour quarrel was negotiated. The board had news of progress however, in another possible strike situation. It met yesterday with the Brotherhood of Railroad Trainmen and the Order ot Railway Conductors. '- Lcverett Edwards, a board member, said "we're getting down to essentials." The two unions have 200.000 men who will be free to strike after July 15. The BUT and the ORC are protesting the same board recommendations as the switchmen. SINGLE COPIEB FIVE CENTS Chonan Falls to Communists; U.S. Troops Renew Retreat Draft Decision Seen as Proof Of U.S. Intent By JOHN M. H1GHTOWKK WASHINGTON, July 8. (AP)—President Truman's decision to enlarge American armed forces furnishes the world new proof that the United Slates intends to see the Korean fight through to a finish. while Russia is expected to assail the action RS further evidence ot American "aggression," there is growing confidence here that the Soviets do not plan to precipitate * world war. Responsible authorities believe therefore that the draft announcement will not be seized upon by the Kremlin as a "provocative" act by the United States, regardless of what propaganda use the Russians make of it. On the other hand, countries supporting the United Nations stand on Korea are expected to hail the draft as proof .of American , Unmake a successful Draft At-a-Glance WASHINGTON, July 8. (/P) — Here is a brief summary of the draft action taken by President n yesterday, along with main provisions of the Selective Service Act which becomes effec- Live tomorrow. Armed forces strength—may be Increased by draft, if voluntary enlistments fail, to top limit allowed by law: 2,005,882. Strength s o! May 31: 1,458,400. Difference -.-^ . ^ c i .ice, hundri under arms -The official announcement yesterday stressed that, the decision to' use the draft, If necessary, was made as' a result of the Korean situation. In this respect, it was understood' that two specific problems 'related grand strategy were of primary concern: Need Found Greater 1. The course of the fighting In Korea has Indicated a need for greater troop strength in actua combat than was originally though necessary. This strength has to be furnished without stripping Amer lean defenses or those of other non- Communist areas outside Korea. 2. From the start of the Koreai Incident two weeks ago, the possi bility has existed that it was a diversionary move by the Soviet Communist bloc, to be followed ui by an attack in some other sec/j of the East-West conflict. Such a development could require an add! tional commitment of American forces. Having these problems in mine, political and military strategist were reported to feel that the Unit ed States could not permit it firmed strength lo become unbal anced. The Slate Department is under stood to have recommended in re cent days the immediate replace ment in this country of any divi sions deployed for action on th Korean front, so that total Amer readiness for action would b Soybeans CHICAGO. July 8. IfFi —Soybean: High Low Clo: Jiy S.lS^i 3.12 3.17'.l- Nov 2.44'.i 2.39'.i 2.43*1- Jan 2.46 1 ,!: 2.4ir, 2.45^-46 Mar 2.4811 2.44 '.4 2.4TX-48 Istrauts over 19 years old. Who may volunteer — Anyone who is 17 or older. Seventeen- yenr-olds must have parental consent. Term of service—21 months for draftees; at least three 'years for Army volunteers; at least four for Navy; four years for Marines; four years'for Air Force Reserves^May be called up under the law, along with Nationa Guard, but probably won't be, a least immediately. All services will "welcome" certain specially- qualified volunteer reservists. Reds' Drive 'Curtailed' But New Forces Mass TOKYO, Sunday, July 9. (AP)—Fall of the South Korean town of Chonnn and a renewed American retreat before the North Korean invaders were reported today by field dispatches. This news by telephone from correspondents at the front came shortly after a Tokyo headquarters communique said the Red drive had been "curlailed" but that the invaders were massing troops, armor and artillery for a renewal of their offensive. There still has been no major American unit committed, however, a spokesman at American for- wurd headquarters In Korea deelur- ed. He said a major unit would be one larger lhan a baltallon. (Previous dispatches had mentioned, a battalion of 400 to 500 men in action, -nils would indicate that the American retreat, galling as the dispatches Indicated It was to the men involved, was by comparatively small numbers.) The communique was Issued at 1H45 P.III, Saturday (7:45 a.m. CS T). Ancry Troops Fall Back ,__ ^ they wound up Mtrvttin at the National Forge yesterday at the end of the week-long jamboree. Shown above are (left, to right) Carl Tipton of Manila, Billy Hill of Osceola, Jack Grosthwaite of Osceola and Jerry Collator Joiner. (See other pictures-on page 8.)—(AP Special Photo for the Courier News). -\, Weather Arkansas forecast: Fair this afternoon, tonight and Sunday. Not FAIR much change In temperature. Missouri fnrccasl: Partly cloudy tonight and Sunday wilh a lew brief thundershowers extreme northwest portion. Warmer tonight and Sunday, Increasing humidity Low tonight near 60-65 east; high Sunday near 85 southeast. Minimum this morning—61. : laximum yesterday—89. Sunset today—1:16. Sunrise tomorrow—4:54. Precipitation 24 hours to 7 a.m today—none. Total since Jan. 1—33.98. Mean temperature (midway be- ^ween high and low)—75. •> Normal mean temperature for July—81.5. Thfet Dale Ijist v«ar Minimum this morning- 75. MaNltnlim ; esterday—83. Frccipitalon Jan. 1 (o ihs dale —31.15. Cuts in Money Bill Rejected By Senators WASHINGTON, July 8. (>T»—The Senate Appropriations committee was reported today to have rejected three controversial proposals to cut down Its $34,700,000,000 "one-package" money bill. The action was taken as the committee neared a final vote on the bulky measure preliminary to sending it to the Senate early next week. Senator O'Mahoney (b-Wyo) told reporters that the committee voted down by wide margins the House- approved Taber-Thomas and Jensen amendments and a Republican- sponsored Senate substitute for the Taber-Thomns proposal. The Taber-Thomas amendment would have applied cuts to personnel, travel allowances, rents and similar Items In most federal agencies. Its sponsors said it would have trimmed 5600,000,000 out of the bill The Republican substitute, a mod- fication of the Taber-Thomas amendment, was designed to save around $410,000,000 through cuts in similar iterrs. The Jensen amendment would have prevented most federal agencies from filling more than 10 per cent of the vacancies occurring dur ing fiscal 1951 which started last July 1. The committee reached agrcemen on all spending items In the b\ilky bill during an all day session yes tcvdav. School Census Shows 23,869 Students in ^Mississippi County John Hayes, county supervisor of schools, announced today that a total of 23,8(>9 students in Mississippi County schools were enumerated during the 1050 school census. This was an increase of 1,272 over last year, according to the unofficial report. Before the report will be official, • • ; • only district that has more Negro i nila, Leaclwille. EUnvall, Stillman than white students. There are 712 and Dyes districts have only white Negro and 643 white students. Ma- ' schools. Missco Schools To Open Summer Session Monday Miss Winnie Virgil Turner, supervisor of elementary schools, announced today that both white and Negro schools of Clear Lake. Prom- 'Sed Land, and Number Nine and tlie white .ichool at Lone Oak will open Monday morning (or summer sessions. Bus schedules will be as usual. Miss Turner said. There will be a general meeting of all white teachers at the Blvthc villp. High School Auditorium Mon- Mr. Mayes said, each district will have to be checked for duplications. This is In regard to students who live in one district and attend school in another or are counted in two districts. Ke said that there would be very few, if any. duplications this year. In the 1950 count, there were n,647 white students and 6.222 Negro students enrolled in Mississippi County Schools. There was an increase of 5CS white students in the schools this year. The Increase in Negro students was 418. Blytheville Still Largest Blytheville School Dislrict No. S still has the highest mimbei of students. An increase of 258 was shown over last' year's total, onn?- ing Ihe 1950 total to 4,581 students. There are 3.024 white and 1,557 Ne- «ro students. The Osceola District has the second highest number enrolled in school. There are 2,636 students, of which 1,381 are while and 1,251 Nc- sro. The greatest increase over last year's enrollment was in Gosnell School District No. 6, which had an increase of 438 pupils, bringing the total to 1,189 students. There arc 1,006 white students in that district. Blytheville was second high in increase and Osecola third witn an additional 242 students. The Rosa District was combiner with the Luxora District this vear and the combination of the two had an increase of 125 student* over the combined totals of both districts lasl year. Boynton and Leaehvlllr were also combined this year, but nad a decrease of 24 students whc figured on the same basis as Luxora and Rosa. • Others Decrease Five other ichool districts .llso showed decreases. Dycss had the greatest decrease, losing 154 slu tlents. Keiser had a decrease ot 38 followed by Brinkley which had a decrease of 35. Stillman lost 29 students and Biirdctte lr>st 11. An added feature of the 1D50 school census was the enumeration of each pupil by age. Six-year-old studnts outnumber all other groups. The smallest age group is the seventeen-year-old students. The Brinkley district has the Tabulation of 1950 School Census— Dist. No. 1 2 3 5 6 9 10 15 n 23 25 31 35 30 40 52 55 56 .lay afternoon Turner uld. at t o'clock, Miss I Name of I District [Osceola ILuxora iRosa IBlythevilte jGosnell .. [Armorel . !Shawnee . [Manila ... JBoynton . IDell (Wilson ... [KeiKCr ... |Burdctte JEtowah , iLeachville IBrinkley 'Stillman iDyess ... I TOTALS | 1950 Enumeration | White Negro Total . 1 • I 1,381 | 1,486 1 3,024 | 1,006 I 701 | 033 I 1,806 I I 726 I 1,172 I 1.334 I GCO ] 875 I 1.43G 1 306 | 268 | 780 | 17,647 | 1.251 I 849 i 1,557 83 | 312 | 712 | ..... 1 ..... I 233 | 773 I 108 | 231 | ..... I 2,632 | 2,335 | I 4,581 I 1,089 | 1,016 j 1,395 ] 1,806 I . I | 1949 Enumeration J Incr. 1 White Negro Totnl | (Dec.) 959 1,945 | 1,532 i 801 | H75 I 1.436 1 329 | 268 | 780 6.222 | 23,869 2,231 1,219 | 99 1 2,780 | 571 | 710 I 721 | 1,776 | 147 | G73 I 1.151 | 1,349 | C90 I 775 j 1,313 | 331 | 297 | 034 | 16,779 | 1,159 854 | 38 I 1,543 I 60 | 255 | 658 | I I 173 ! 508 | 221 j 212 | I I 33 I 2,390 2,073 137 4.323 651 OG5 1,379 1,770 147 852 1,149 1,570 002 775 1.313 364 297 5,804 I 22,501 242 125 258 438 51 16 30 107 1% (38) (II) 100 (24) (35) (29) (154) 1,212 In a telephoned report, from the front ten minutes Inter, AP Correspondent O.I1.P. King snld HiiKry nnd weary American forward Iroops had retreated, again Saturday. In a call at 12:53 a.m. Sunday (8:45 a .m. Sturday, CST) King said the Reds had captured Chonan, a large town 60 mllm south of Seoul for their deepest penetration yet. The call, over the one line used by both -the Army nnrt all correspondents, was Interrupted before he could give details about Chonan. King's report on the American retreat gave no inkling of the numbers of men Involved, but earlier dispatches had Indicated they were 'relatively small. King said American equipment had arrived and fresh troops had reached the general aren, lending encouragement to Ameilcan determination to reverse the trend and lierncrs 'back soon. *•> mjfjt' 6 'p.m. Saturday equipnicnt had "not J nctio]i, however. (The "equipment" he mentioned presumably Included tanks, which a Tokyo headquarters spokesman previously said had reached Korea but hud not yet started fighting.) Not Followed King added that the Invaders had not followed the American retreat for its full distance, but were using heavy artillery. InformnMn^i in Tokyo wns the Americari' : '-''' | 'reat was the one which ^ , t '.Correspondent Tom LamberfSiad reported began Friday night, following an American thrust northward that the Reds ambushed and hurled hack. The withdrawal wns said In Tokyo lo have been probably completed during Saturday. The accounls squared generally with the Tokyo communique, which placed the strongest enemy force — with 40 to 50 tanks and truck- drawn heavy guns— back In the r'yongtnck region, 14 to 15 miles north or Chonan. Between 40 and 60 enemy tanks. it added, were crossing the Ansong River and hearting southward through Songhwan, six miles south- southeast of Pyongtaek. This tank force was accompanied by more than 1.000 troops. Kerf Troops Increasing The communique added: "Aerial observation from Pyong- laek eastward to Wonju reveals increasing enemy building of men See KOREA on I'asr. 8 CHONAN FALLS TO KKDS—North Korean Communist forces hav« captured clionnn (at tip of black arrow at left), a dispatch said today. A communique added that from 40 to 50 Red tanks and truck-drawn' heavy artillery were reported north of Pyongtaek (underlined) movinn across Ihe Among River nnd headed soulliwnrd about six miles southeast of Pyongtaek. A build-up of men and armor from Pyongtaek eastward to Wonju (black arrow at right) was reported In the communique. Circled is area in rugged Kum River country where a major battle is expected to develop between Reds (dark arrow) and n smaller American force (open arrows). Shading Indicates extent of battle line with other North Korean thrusts shown by dark arrows. Air attack* wers launched against North Korean harbor at Chinnampo (A) and North Korean largels (blast symlwls) at Wonsan nnd Kojo, Isolated Reel ' Units have been seen at I'ohnng (B) and north along the east coast. (AP wirepholo Map). MacArthur Named Head of UN Forces -WASHINGTON, July 8. (AP) President Truman today- mimed Gen. Doughts MacArlliur as commanding general of the United Nations forces in Korea. , _ Acllng under a u.N. Security Council resolulldri; Mr. Truman also directed MacArthur to use the U.N.'s blue and white flag, along wlthi'fte flags of the participating nations. In operations nsnlnst the Communist troops ot North-Korea. Th'e 1° Tlty Coun c meeting Success N Y , ye»- A * :erday authorl/ed 'f, unified coni- m a n d of U. N. forces under the United States. The council asked the U.S. to Gen. MacArthur name a supreme commander. MacArthur Ihus becomes the first military lender to command unified forces of the 59-nalioa world organization. Forty-five of the U.N. member countries have endorsed tlio council's decision lo take peace enforcement, action In Korea. Six nations have authorized the use of their armed forces — the United States, Britain, Australia. Canada, New Zealand and the Netherlands. Mr. Truman acted after an hour's conference with Secretary of State Achcsou. World News Briefs- Dulles Urges Increase In Military Production HAMILTON, N. Y., July 8. (/Pj-John Foster Dulles pushed for increased U. S. military production "right away." today He added this note of urgency af- by Russia." ter a speech in which he sold the Melon should convert more of its industry to manufacture of arms In order to shield free nations against attack by Russian-equipped Communist satellite forces such as liwancd Soutn Korea. The Republican foreign affairs attvlscr to Secretary of State Acheson told newsmen: "I think it should be done right away." Dulles said he could not estimate how fat the nation should swlnj to wartime production. "It takes a greater knowledge ol military supplies than I have to say how much," he added. Dulles' speech last night opener! the second annual conference on smallest number of students with only 329 enrolled, ehiwiiee School District u the American foreign policy at Colgate University. In It, he declared: "It will require us to devote a greater percentage of our vast economic productivity to military production so that other free nations will not be exposed to being overrun by Communist satellite forces Democrat Group To Name Election Judges Tuesday Election clerks and judges for this summer's Democratic primaries will be named next Tuesday when the Mississippi County Democratic Central Committee meets at 10 a.m. in circuit Courtroom In Ihe Court House. The committee will select clerks and judges both for the preferential primary July 25 nnd the runoff primary August 8. F-51's Head Kasl WASHINGTON, July 8. (Al'l — Defense officials reported today the first loailinj; i>f K-5I Mustang fljjliltrj aboard ship (or tlic Far East. Thsy illd not say ill wllich port the pl;tnes are being limiTtil, bul they left no doulit lli.il llic \Vnrli! War II type piston engine planes are going aboard n carrier. Dulles said the Soviet Union may not prepare to commit all its might a total war "because of Its rcla- :ive economic weakness." But. he said, "intcrnatlonnl communism Is prepared to use. In open warfare, the p.rmed forces/of puppet and satellite Communist slates which are equipped with armament of Russian manufacture." Dulles call for an armament :pced-up followed by a day a flin- Thomas E. Dewey. ilar >nc frnm New York's Governor Dulles was Dewey's adviser on foreign affairs In his 1944 and 1918 rrcstdcntlal campaigns. Dcwey urged the Truman admin- equipped with irmimcnt furnished Korea. Islratlon Thursday to order all-oul production of essential, war materials. He hit at "polltics-as-usual anrt buslness-as-usual" in this country. Dulles spoke In Colgate's chapel to 900 delegate.! to the week-long foreign policy conference. He returned less than two weeks ago from a tour of Japan and South Police Recover Stolen Auto A 1Q47 Chevrolet sedan stolen from Mrs. Elsie Freeman bore lasl nlRht, was found abandoned Ihls morning near Trum.inn. Dlylhcvlllc police said today. Desk Sergeant c. E. Montgomery said (his morninj that the car. stolen from its parking place at Mrs. Freeman's homo on West Highway Ifl. was Ihe ear found by Trumann police abandoned In a rond- slrle ditch at Trumnnn. The car was In running condition at the time It was found, Sergeant Montgomery said. Late Bulletin— CHICAGO, July 8. lift— Franct.1 A O'Neill ot the National (Railway) Mediation Board !»M today (h»l the striking switchmen's union has rtfiiMri to send Us men back to work "on Ihe basis of Ihe jovernment's srizure erder u it presently Jap Police Force Illkcil TOKYO, July B. W) — Genera MacArlhur today moved to protect his military rear by authorizing the Japanese to add a 75,000 man reserve to their police force and 8.000 to their coast guard. It will bring Japan's total police force to 200.00( Including 30.000 national police. Reds "Saving" Planrs TOKYO, July 8. M'j—A veteran Navy flier who led a carrier slrike July 3-4 over North Korea ssld today the Communists must be ronscrvinic their air pourr for ilrs- peratlcm use. Cmdr. Harvey P. f.anhnm told a news cnnferrncc. the northfrnrrs had many planes tlev«rly> hidden In -cited revetments wblch were discovered nnly by low-Ievrl strafing. lnternallon.il Bank Okayed PARIS. July 8. l/Pi— Europe's 1 Marshall Plan countries prepares today to do business through thel own International bank, n European Payments Union (EPUI lo unfctte trnde by cancelling out forci;:n cur rency shortages. The nations, mem bcrs of the European Economic Co operation Organization, agreed tin amlnously yesterday to set up th currency clearing house. War At-a-Glance By The Assocatert Prtsj At the Korean Front—Chonan, GO miles south of Seoul, falls to Communist Invaders. In deepest penetration yet. American troops cursing lack of Heavier artillery, covering planes and tanks, retreat lo south without pursuit. Washington — President Truman appoints Gen. MacArthur commander of United Nations forces fighting North Korean invasion. Authorizes draft if enlistments fail to bring military up to strength needed. Men ID to 26 may be called. Tokyo—Mac Arthur's headquarters says North Koreans offensive slowed down by Communists regrouping for fresh drives southward. Maj. Gen. Emmctt O'Don- ncll, Jr., arrives In Far East to direct B-2S) groups in Korean war —he led first superfort raid over Tokyo in World War n. MacArthur authorizes Japanese to increase police strength by 75000 to bolster military tear defenses. Taipei, Formosa — vice Adm. Arthur D. Strublc, commander of U.S. Seventh Fleet in Pacific, arrived in Formosa and conferred wiih Nationalist Chinese Leader Generalissimo Chiang Kai-shek on plans to defend island against lied Chinese Invasion. Lake Success—United Nations okays General MacArthur as commander of its forces defending South Korea and authorizes national troops fighting with Americans to carry U. N flag into battle. New French Cabinet Sought PARIS, July S. (Al'l—Rightist Defense Minister Rene Pleven started the complex job ttloay of plcclnj; together a new French cabinet as France's latest government citsis entered Its llilrd neck Gi Bill of Rights May Be Extended WASHINGTON. July 8. (AP) — Extension of the G.I. 811 of Rights to all United States military personnel engaged In the Korean fighting may be consirtered by the House Veterans Committee next week. Most of the bill's major provisions granting benefits to servicemen apply only to those who saw service during World War II. Many of the men now in Korea—or bound there —enlisted relatively recently. Chairman Ranldn (D-Mlss) told newsmen the veterans' committee may consider the proposed extension at a meeting set for next Iue«- day.
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