BLYTHEVILLE COURIER NEWS THE DOMINANT NEWSPAPER OF NORTHEAST ARKANSAS AND SOUTHEAST MISSOURI VOL. L—NO. 138 Blytheville Courier Blytheville Daily News Mississippi Valley Leader Blytheville Herald BLYTHEVILLE, ARKANSAS, THURSDAY, SEPTEMBER 2. 1954 EIGHTEEN PAGES Published Daily Except Sunday SINGLE COPY FIVE CENTS Re: McCarthy Probers Eye Possible Spy i Act Violation By DOUGLAS B. CORNELL WASHINGTON (AP) — Senators weighing proposed censure of Sen. McCarthy swung today to the last of their five categories of charges — the allegation of "possible violation of the espionage act" by the Wisconsin senator. The swift-paced hearing had moved quickly over the question of whether McCarthy has encouraged government employes to slip him official secrets. On both these points, the hearing borrowed heavily from testimony before the recent McCarthy-Army hearing. And on both counts, McCarthy's lawyer, Edward Bennett Williams, protested that some of the material going into the new hearing record was being taken out of context. Chairman Watkins (R-Utah) told Williams that in presenting his own case he would have opportunity to "read (into evidence) anything that is not clearly off the subject." Guy G. de Furia, assistant counsel of the committee, was reading from the McCarthy-Army hearings on the espionage when a recess was taken at 11:55 a.m. for lunch. McCarthy sat silently while his lawyer interjected his comments and protests. Part of the transcript from the old hearings was read into the record by E. Wallace Chadwick, committee counsel, including McCarthy's own statement that he had instructed a vast number of federal employes "that they were duty-bound to give me information «ven though some little bureaucrat had stamped it secret to protect himself." Also into the record went a quote from McCarthy that the oath every government employe takes to protect and defend his country "towers far above any presidential secrecy directive. And I will continue to receive information such as I received the other day." Williams, took exception to this last passage as not presenting the full picture and being "almost out of context." McCarthy himself wasn't in the room at the time. Outside the hearing, the Wisconsin senator was still seeking to make an issue of See MCCARTHY on Page 5 U.S. Favors NATO Ministers Meet on West German Status BACK-TO-SCHOOL WORKS TWO WAYS — Students aren't the only ones who're laying away mementos of summer vacations in favor of reading, 'riting and 'rithmetic, as the quartette above illustrates. Talking over school plans as they prepare for the term that opens tomorrow (but which, for practical purposes, has already begun for them, with meetings and planning sessions) are (left to right) Miss Barbara Monaghan, first grade teacher at Central Elementary School; Miss Gay Satterwhite, Blytheville High School English teacher; Miss Janet Nelson, school district office employee and substitute teacher; and Miss Barbara Taylor, Blytheville Junior. High School social science teacher. (Courier News Photo) 20 Depart For Physicals Sept. 13 is Date Of Next Draft Call Twenty men were sent to Little Rock today for physical- examinations by the Mississippi County Draft Board No. 47, according to Miss Rosie M. Saliba. The call was for 30 men, of which five transferred to other boards and seven failed to report. Nineteen reported and one transferred here from another board. Sept. 13 will be the date of the next call of 19 men for induction into the armed forces. Those leaving today were: Henry A. Face and William H. Tyler, both of Joiner; Robert Moss, Willard E. Bess, Rex G. LovelL Joyce H. Hankwitz, Elijah V. Sadler and Woodrow 'Pigge, all of Blytheville; Clanton D. Jones of Piggott: John C. • Larue of Brinkley: John H. Clay of Wilson; Berlin D. Curry of Osceola, Herbert H. Boren, Jr., and Charles J. Denton, both of Manila: William F. Turner of Leachville; Bobby L. Miller of St. Louis, Mo.; Bennie O. Carter of Etowah; Mencil E. Riggs of Walnut Ridge; Thomas Arnold of Melbourne, Fla.; and John E. Regenold of Armorel. Those who failed to report were: Billy Merryman of Wilson: Lawrence W. Fitzhugh of Lubbock, Tex.; Clarence H. Lucas of Luxora; Jessie G. Brown of Chicago, HI.; Bryan E. Lowe of Kansas City. Kan.; Virgil E. Brown of Manila; and William P. Sweat of Modesto, Calif. Contest Set For NCPCs Big Parade A call went out today to people of this area for Suggestions concerning a theme for this year's National Cotton Picking Contest parade. In order to lend continuity to the event, parade Chairman Bob Warren explained, a central theme for the entire parade is being sought. To the person submitting the best theme, he pointed out, will o a $10 prize. Contestants should keep in mind, he said, the fact their themes will have to be adapted for floats. Entries in the contest should be mailed to National Cotton Picking Contest, Blytheville, Ark. All entries must be submitted not later than midnight on Sept. 10. Last year, the float sponsored by Blytheville's Band Mothers had as its theme, "Cotton Around the! World." This topic has been selected as theme of the parade for the next Memphis Cotton Carnival, Mr. Warren stated. "We believe," Mr. Warren said, "the parade will have more meaning if a central theme is adopted. It will also mean an easier task for those planning on entering floats. "The committee will set up a central clearing house group on float ideas so no designs will be duplicated in the parade," he pointed out. Weather ARKANSAS—Generally fair this afternoon, tonight and Friday. Slightly warmer in east and central portions this afternoon. MISSOURI — Generally fair tonight and Friday; not much change in temperature. Minimum this morning—61. Maximum yesterday—86. Sunrise tomorrow—5:34. Sunset today—6:26. Mean temperature (midway between high nnd low—73.5. Precipitation Jan. 1 to this date — 23.45. Thi* Date Last Year Maximum yesterday—103. Minimum this mornlnj:—77. P-icipltation January 1 to date — 94.76. Caruthersville Fair Advisory Board Picked CARUTHERSVILLE — Names of members of the advisory committee to serve for the 1954 American Legion Fair were announced today by James T. Ahern of Caruthersville, president of the Fair board. They are Fred Chaff in. Bill Joplin, Jr., Max Sturm and Williard Russell, all of Hayti: L. E. Bingheimer and James H. Pullam of Braggadocio; Jimmy Osburn of Wardell; Charles O. Haubold of Portageville. Donald Magee, Otis Gardner, Floyd Wilks, Denver Fike, R. B. Culver, Jr., Baxter Southern, Joe R. Tipton, Dennie Cain, M. J. Zarecor, Felix Kyle, Robert Randolph, Charles G. Ross, Dr. S. B. Beecher, Herbert Prange. Victor Malloure, Carl R. Williams, Pierce Neeley, Paul Hill, Wallace Buchanan, Paul Carmean, Van L. Johnson, H. C. Litzelfeln- e.r, Jr., and Charles Robertson all of Caruthersville. "It appears the 1954 fair will be one of the largest we have ever had," Ahern said. "There is more demand for exhibit space than ever before." Other members of the fair board, recently organized, are Guy E. Michie, vice president; George W. Brown, treasurer; Harry E. Malloure, secretary-manager; James E. Reeves. J. R. Hutchinson. Norman Shain and Nathan Wood,, all of Caruthersville, and Jack Dowdy of Steele and Jesse M. Niles of Hayti. SPEAKS TO TEACHERS—Dr. Ed McCuistion, assistant commissioner for instructional service of the State Department of Education is shown above as he spoke to the teachers of the Blytheville school district yesterday afternoon. Teachers from all of the schools in the district were present for a pre-school workshop. (Courier News Photo) Deii Soldier Loses His Life Dan Gene Tucker, son of Mrs. Grace H. Tucker of Dell, was killed in a motorcycle-auto accident in England, according to information received by the family from Army authorities. Information concerning the acci- Atom Ban Opposed By Legion WASHINGTON (JP)— The American Legion voted today to fight vigorously against any move to bar the use of atomic weapons or to come to any agreement with the Russians on atomic matters at this time. At the same time, Legionnaires winding up their 36th annual. convention called on the nation to build up its air-strength^-particularly its air arm—and get going" at once on an effective and expanded civil defense program. Today was resolution adoption and election day with the delegates from all over the country working up steam for their annual battle over the choice of national officers. Calls For UMT Adopting a series of resolutions and policy statements, unanimously, the Legion: j 1. Called for adoption of a Uni- j versal Military Training law that | would guarantee at least 16 weeks | of military training for all young : Americans. Some Legionnaires said they wanted to make the guarantee six months long. 2. Saluted the U. S. Navy for its recent "vigilant and decisive" action in shooting down two Red Chinese planes in the Pacific when the Communists sought to turn back West Germany Still Demanding Full Sovereignty By THE ASSOCIATED PRESS United States officials today tended to favor an emergency meeting of foreign ministers of the 14-nation North Atlantic Treaty Alliance to work out West Germany's role in| the defense of Western Eu-| rope. Top officials in Washington took this stand following a British proposal for an eight- power conference on the German problem and continued insistence by the Adenauer government for "full and undiminished" sovereignty for West Germany. Britain's proposal calls for a meeting of the six nations of the now-dead European Defense Community plus the U.S. and Britain. But U.S. officials felt the 14-nation session to be the most workable solution now available to make German ya member of the NATO with some safeguards to prevent revival of German militarism and rearmament. BONN, Germany GR—Chancellor Konrad Adenauer's government called today for "full and. undiminished" sovereignty for West Germany, and indicated it expects that freedom before—not after— new talks are held on a German contribution to Western defense. Federal press chief Felix von Eckhardt told a news conference: "There is no such thing • as 90 per cent sovereignty. We want full and undiminished sovereignty." Von Eckhardt said "the concept of sovereignty has been confused through ^the Allied-West German peace contract." This contract was supposed to restore limited sovereignty to West Germany when this nation started rearming. Under it, the Allies would have retained special rights here. Want No Substitute The press chief's statement made plain Bonn will be unwilling to accept this contract or any variation of it as a sovereignty. DEFUNCT CLUB HELPS POLIO DRIVE — Members of the Dell Home Demonstration Club, which ceased activity in 1944, yesterday presented a check for $203.26, the balance of the club's treasury 10 years later, to the Emergency March of Dimes in the County. Above, Drive Chairman Elfaert Johnson accepts the check from (left to right) Mrs. M. W. Lewis, president of the group in 1944; Mrs. E. M. Woodard, vice president, and Mrs. J.-M. Stevens, Sr., treasurer. Mrs. Stevens said the money represented tfa« club's entire balance, including a $25 war bond which matured last month. When the bond matured, the ladies decided something should b* done with the money, which was not earmarked for any specific purpose when the club disbanded. Reading in the Courier News of the Emergency March of Dime's plight in its fund drive, they then decided to donate the money to thai campaign to fight polio. (Courier News Photo) Reds'AssignecT Asia to China; Philippines Break UpSpy Ring Communists A * * * Tried Sabotage Attlee Says Of SEATO MeetjHe Countered Mao's Pleas MANILA (AP) — The Philippines Army announced tonight it has broken a "sinister Communist espionage ring' r fun ! tying to sabotage the Southeast Asia Security conference By FRED HAMPSOX HONG KONG L?!—Former Prime Lodge Tells Legion He Has Proof of Plan WASHINGTON (AP) — Ambassador Henry Cabot Lodge Jr. said today he has proof tne Chinese Communists Although the Adenauer govern- opening here Monday. * ment pointedly omitted reference to France in a new five-point foreign policy program announced yesterday, Von Eckhardt said: "The federal government be- Minister clement Attlee disclosed j five years ago were given the today he countered appeals by i job of spearheading "an or- gan ized Communist attempt to - - ^ The army said Dr. Hong Ki Korean national, is under arrest in connection with the plot. The doctor had "voluminous pa- Red Chinese boss Mao Tze-tung that he try to engineer a shift in U.S. foreign policy by suggesting urge Russia to mend her < con Q uer a11 of Asia." Lod ^' S. representative to wavs. 1 the United Nations, told the American Legion in a prepared talk that Attlee - just arrived with seven j ihis & one of seV eral reasons why T " " Britlsh iaborites from j admitting Red China to the U.N. other lieves that any effective defense pers pertaining to mechanics and i ... , „ ,_ _~ „..,. of Europe can only take place with j organizational procedures of the! an 18 - da >" vi sit behind the Bamboo j ••v/ould be an insult to the entire 'forthcoming: Seato conference in- j Curtain and three days in Moscow ; pr i nc i p i e O t collective securitv " the cooperation of France." Asked if West Germany would approve formation European army" eluding drafts of various proposals! ~ revealed for the first time de- of a "rump i of participating nations consisting of ! armv said. Theambassado'- snoke to wearv | delegates, on the final day of their He said when Mao urged that j 36th annual convention, as they tails of his talk with Mao. U. S. olanes searching for survivors tr °ops of Italy and the four nations | T h e announcement added intel- i British Laborite leaders try to in- ! struggled through a business pile", of had a British passenger plane that I wh ich have ratified, Von Eckhardt j ji S8nce ag 1 ^?e- .^ot down. said "this might be possible, but j merits hav Against Atom Agreement On atomic matters, the Legion- aires opposed any immediate ex- •ents of three govern- 1 f luence the United States to pull have established that the i out of the Formosa Straits and it is not the best solution to the j doctor is "a member of a gigantic j cease rearming Japan and West question of European defense." Von Eckhardt declined to corn- nation until those nations international espionage ring organ- j Germany, he suggested in turn ized specifically to spy on the! toat the Communist boss use l\s ." i influence with the Kremlin to try the Philip-j to make Russia: working i. Give her people more free- have ! Tr eaty Organization. He said only i committees on a "Pacific Charter" change of atomic information—or ment directl y on reports Britain forthcoming top level talks any atomic agreement—with Sovi- inten ds to press for West German The arrest came as th et Russia or any other Communist I membership in the North Atlantic j pines sought action by dominated by anti-Communist resolutions and including several dent was not made available al- proved they can be trusted and that i that "NATO is on* 1 "f fhe possibili- \ against Communist aggression, though Mr. Tucker, 19. was said to ! they sincerely desire peace. ties for a solution of the problem i Pushes 6-Point Charter be riding the motorcycle at the time A* certified copy of this resolution of the accident. Stationed in Germany, he joined the Army last summer." Funeral services are incrj:lete was ordered forwarded to President Eisenhower, Secretary of State Dulles, and all members of Congress. pending the arrival of the oody,! CIO President Walter Reuther which Army authorities said is being I told the delegates "there is no bar- returned here. See ATOMIC on Pagre 5 of German rearmament." 2, Ease restrictions on her satellite states. President Ramon Magsaysay j 3. stop trying to Asked about the Soviet Union's i said he will seek adoption by the other governments. bid for a big power conference to discuss European Security, Von Eckhardt said Adenauer's cabinet has agreed unanimously such a conference "would not be oppor- See NATO on Page 5 conference opening here Monday of a four-point charter pledging the eight nations to: 1. Support the rights of all peoples in Southeast Asia to freedom See REDS on Pagre 5 Storm Speeds Up WASHINGTON (M — Hurricane Dolly picked up a little speed early today and headed toward the southeast tip of Newfoundland, well away from New England, which still is cleaning up after receiving the full force of Hurricane Carol. U.S. Eating, Negro Status Intrigue Briton Here By GEORGE ANDERSON (Courier News Staff Writer) Two aspects of life in these United States particularly impressed Mrs. Cecily Leahy of Sussex, England, during her four-month stay here in Blytheville. These were "the way Americans are continually eating," and the situation of Negroes in this country, which is "not nearly so bad as most people in England believe." time as food supplies became more plentiful, but all restrictions were not lifted until a few months ago. And during the war and in the few years following, food rations were very limited. Lack of Food Hardest This was the ration for one person for a week during the worst period, as listed by Mrs. Leahy: two ounces of butter, two ounces of margarine, one ounce of lard. Mrs. Leahy left Blytheville to-1 one-half pound of sugar, two day after having visited since April with her sister-in-law, Mrs. Edith Stephan, of 509 Chickasawba, who is also a native of England, though she has been in this country for many years. Mrs. Leahy's late husband was a brother of Mrs. Stephan. This was her first trip to America, and Mrs. Leahy was quite astounded at the way in which people here "appear to be eating ounces of tea, two ounces of bacon and one chop (or other cut of whatever meat was available). Anything else that a person had to eat, he scrambled for. "The lack of food was the hardest part of the war for us," Mrs. Leahy recalled. Apparently many Britons either fall prey to the red-eyed propagandists from the Steppes of Asia or are simply misinformed, for, Leahy, belief or drinking practically all the j according to time — especially in places of! is fairly widespread in "England »"*<"•*««"«»>"+ " 'that Negroes here are stiil subjected to near-slave conditions. She expressed amazement at their general standard of living and at the fact that so many of them are able to own cars. Asked if she thought she would like to stay here and adopt this country as Mrs. Stephan has done, Mrs. Leahy replied, "I don't think so; one gets certain roots in one's entertainment. "You never see anyone eating at theaters in England," Mrs. Leahy said. Perhaps it is not too difficult to understand Mrs. Leahy's concern with eating habits when one considers the problems which she and her countrymen have faced during the past decade and a half under the most stringent food ra- strongly opposing U.N. membership for the Peiping regime. Lodge made these other points: 1. The United States is prepared to back a move at this month's U.N. session, if Thailand wishes, to send U.N. peace observers to the Indochina area "so that would- I be aggressors will know that they undermine are being watched." 2. Nearly ail of the 1,800 Ameri- 4. Reduce Soviet armaments. jeans employed at the U.N. have Attlee said neither he nor Mao j.been given full security investiga- made any promises regarding the [ tions and there is now "absolutely other's proposals. 1 n o excuse for employing one single He said the touring Laborites j American Communist at the were permitted to go where they | United Nations." 3. Pro-Communist President Arbenz of Guatemala, upon resigning, abandoned personal papers including Communist books which prove "how communism sought to penetrate Central America." Lodge said "Communist con- wanted in China, although they had Communist companions with them constantly. "We found China run by the Communist party on principles on which we do not agree." he said. "We tried to understand their point of view and we drew certain conclusions. One was that the Com- i in China and this is a new de| parture in a government in that nation. He said China's Red leaders I face an immense task and. in con! trast to the Russians, they make quest of Asia. i spirators" from 20 nations met at \ Peiping- in November 1949 for "a so-called 'trade union conference'," and he continued: "The Chinese Communists, in close collaboration with the Soviet Union, were at that time given the job of spearheading the con- tioning program imaginable. jown country." During the past few years the; In her case, the "roots" appear :""stcrity program in the British ! to be. r^rtinlly M IPP.S?, nn at- 1 Isles has been eased from time to i &«• BRITON an P»f e * VISIT ENDS — A four-month visit ended today for two natives of England. Mrs. Cecily Leahy (left) has been visiting here since April with her sister-in-law, Photo) Mrs. Edith Stephan. (Courier News See CHINA on Page 5 Holland Airman Survives Texas Bomber Crash HOLLAND — A Holland airman has notified his parents here that he was in a giant B36 bomber that crashed outside El Paso. Tex., Saturday night, but escaped with i only scratches from the accident that killed one crewman and injured 15. Airman 2/C Paul Taylor, son of Mr. and Mrs. Perry Taylor of Holland, telephoned his parents Monday that he was aboard the ill-fated craft which smacked into an open patch of land near a large housing project while trying to land crippled by an apparent pow- i er failure. ! The Air Force has announced a : board of inquiry will be conducted "The chief method — and I quote from the chief Chinese Communist delegate himself — was to be what he called 'armed struggle.' "The world has since seen in Indochina and Korea that the instructions to use 'armed struggle" were carried out to the last bloody letter." The ambassador voiced hope the Geneva truce for Indo-chint would end hostilities. Five Forfeit Bonds On Traffic Charges Five persons forfeited bonds In Municipal Court this morning on charges of traffic violations. John O. Wright and O. E. Maclin both forfeited $111.75 bonds on charges of driving while intoxicated while Vernon Marr forfeited $19.75 bond on a charge of having no driver's license as did John Henry Brown on a charge of misuse of vehicle license. Joe Merritt to attempt to determine the cause | forfeited a $15 bond on charges of o£ tb« bomber crack-up. j speeding and mooit^ * ltd light.
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