The Courier News from Blytheville, Arkansas on January 12, 1937 · Page 3
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The Courier News from Blytheville, Arkansas · Page 3

Blytheville, Arkansas
Issue Date:
Tuesday, January 12, 1937
Page 3
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[TUESDAY, JANUARY 12, 1937 BLYTBEVjLLB, (ARR.y COURIER NEWS Governor Bailey's Inaugural Address LITTLE ROCK, Jan. 12.—The I text ot Gov, Carl E. Bailey's Inau- Igural address. delivered this after- Inoon, follows: I The question which faces Amerl- Ica today Is: Can a democracy en- Idure on a continental scale? The' I answer (o that question is in the lafrirjnative If government can mold I its various units Into a cohesive (cooperation which will provide the ' individual citizen (vlth 'the balanced Ingredients of which liberty Is I compounded. Liberty connotes fre?- Idom and security. The quest for I freedom motivated those who carv- led this nation nnd tills state out I of the wilderness. Security of a kind I—food, shelter; and clothing—could I be had under old World conditions I by submission to the Old World most Intelligent thought and courageous efforts. Let us on the one liaud refuse to be stampeded by the sensationalism of Individual incident.'), but upon the other be willing to risk the misunderstanding and resentment of those who must l>5 saved from their own folly. The public has Ei proper interest in the preservation of the fertility of the soil. Its destruction In the interest of Immediate gain to the Individual cannot be countenanced. If any legislative measures In this regard are required of its. they will not be involved or complicated. Hurai Electrification It is likely, also, that no seriously debatable legislation will be required of us to secure for the rural I system. That system denied, ho\v-1 residents of Arkansas the benefits | ever, the right to worship God ac- ' of rural electrification. It is pit- cording to the dictates of Individual lable that recently it lias been said I conscience, the right peaceably to I assemble, the right of petition, 1 freedom of speech, and freedom of press, and offered no hope of anything more than bare necessities for the future, and made supreme I tlie blood-rusty crown of tyranny, ^.privilege, and despotism. Today, we face the grim fact that [•Here this Is of little value to thcu- 1 sands. What is the good right peac- ably to assemble to a child so crippled that he cannot look forward to a normal life? what good is freedom of the press to the har- rassed, careworn mother of lum- gry, tattered, fatherless children? I Of what use Is freedom of speech I to the aged who, through the mis- 1 carriage of nn economic system they do not understand and are not res]x>nsible for, nnd themselves Jn the declining years of a respectable life without means of sup| port? Heretofore, security lias followed I the tide of empire as it expanded frontiers in its westward flow. Here- I tofore. threats to individual security which constantly have been multiplied by the increased social, economic, nnd political complexities which have followed in the wake of increased population and machinery were temporarily thwarted by opening up new lands lor development. Frontiers can be I no further thus expanded. Therefore for the present and the future, government, not only I must function so as to protect the blood-bought benefits of freedom, but must lay large emphasis upon an effort toward achieving a social, economic and political condi- | lion in which every individual will have not only the right to "life, liberty, and pursuit of happiness," but, what is more important, the Opportunity to acquire these essun- fiial boons to' decent, civilized existence. ' • As a state, \ve are an Integral part.of one great union that is trying to establish? the • durability of a democracy on a continental scale. We can n'nd 'we must e'ifect a' program: of; cooperation, with .the national government and with 1 othsr state governments'to help " toward that accomplishment.,-,,,,., Social ^Security :• . I do not urge you to give favorable consideration to measures which would reward indolence and penalize enterprise. At the same time, I insist upon making it clear- that I will cooperate with you in penetrating the pretenses of the puppets of privilege who would do less than meet the exactions of the present emergencies. Their objections that such a program may be subjected to abuses by the unworthy is a sophistry behind which they attempt to hide their own shortsighted greed. that Arkansas farmers are so jxwr out their useful lives OH the bench. Both measures nrc Intended to make the judiciary fearless ami In- depe'ndcnt. Take away the salary, nnd less competent and loss honorable men will be attracted (u iho bench. Failure to provide for retirement inculcates a fear which lie Incentive trial • enterprise with obvious attendant benefits. Unrestrained exploitation o( our natural resources has cost us dearly. A more Insidious oxoloitn- llon Is thriving toward full bloom. Though many unfair practices susceptible of legislative regulation chain store merchandising organizations are making )l .practically Impossible for locul cnter|)rise to exist. Fortunes made 'up ot their profits nnd domicile beyond the boundaries of our stale and leave years of life hnvo passed. Law Practice Reform A great Judiciary can be made greater by a great ethical bar. An age of experience with lh? present methods by which desultory attempts occasionally nre nmd'c to purge the bar of Its most glaring evils has taught us Ihslr inadequacies. Tlie public , demand for more ethical legal practices Is unmistakable, lawyers, In my opinion, should be alive to the mul- odor in which their ancient and honorable profession exists because they 'could not • afford electricity of Individual bad practices. The fivrm if \i ii-ori. nvnUahin tn I!™™ j arr thpj^ should be'given the op- Jorlunity and the resixmslbility to •lean Us own house so that Its isefulness may not be Impaired by aults which it has-hud no op]x>r- unity to correct.' IL would be dif- Icult brieny to identify the many "id enormous disadvantages to the public of the present disordered condition of laws enacted since 1921. A digest of these should be pro- Everything with which great good can be accomplished may be perverted in its uses to accomplish great bad. Economic security for the individual docs not mean an Interminable program of public aid. Rather, it contemplates temporary : nid and orderly change in thc cco- I nomlc and political system so that i ultimately the system will give the Individual the opportunity to provide security for himself. White ! the change Is being brought about, . the government must supply the content of security to thc helpless. In this view- of thc matter then. '>-c must give effective consideration fe.0 measures which will assure that 5,-urgical science Is made available to crippled children, guarantee that widowed mothers will be placed in position to give their children opportunity and assure the indigent ; aged, and blind comfort and re| speciality. At the same time, ive i must continue to provide for thc efficient and economical operation and perpetuation of those institu- ™" s ^ hic h are established to deal with human problems that yield 01% to institutional Ireatment-ths tuberculosis sanatorium, the schools for the blind and deaf, the Boys' I and Girls' industrial Schools and the State Hospital, we are under L no less responsibility to give favorable consideration to practical enactments which will give thoss who dcjwnd upon their own efforts i for a livelihood assurance that want will not stalk them in periods | of unwilling employment. Farm Tenancy So, also, \ve should be gravely I concerned about the economic and social losses we suffer by the perilous rate at which farm tenancy is Increasing. Surely, we safely may I assume an attitude of willing co- I operation with a national government which has had thc acumen lo discover the evils attendant upon this condition, and the courage to | iaunch an orderly attack upon It for the economic and social benefit of both tenant and owner-operator | Though the percentage of tenan- *:; In Arkansas Is lass than in many pother states, it serves no useful purpose to deny its existence In such a volume as to challenge our even if It were available lo them. It Is my belief that electric current Is fast moving Into the realm ol necessities. It should be available, therefore, to two hundred thousand farms In Arkansas to which now It is not available,'and,the.rate placed in rea'ch of the farmer so that he may use It to improve the economic and social position of himself and his household. , If the stale utilities commission has not the authority or thc facilities to effectuate the commencement of an effective rural electrification program in cooperation with the national rural electrification administration, this Assembly should not miss the opportunity to supply such deficiencies. Prison Reform Our prison system is a social cancer and a relic of barbarism. The present buildings are veritable fire traps. There Is nothing about the institution worthy of being dignified by thc name "hospital." Religious services and educational opportunity are not available to prisoners. Absolutely no effort is made to rehabilitate prisoners, anrt it is Impossible to segregate the hardened criminals and the first offenders. Knowingly to permit the condition of our prisons to go further uncorrcctcd, we need must murder our consciences and.assume responsibility for tlie loss of human lives and Immortal souls. The system Is vengefully punitive and in no sense corrective or currative mentally, morally, or physically. I appeal to no misdirected sentiment in saying this, because the present system has never had even the virtue of being financially profitable. Based upon a long and careful factual study by agents of the Federal prison Industries Reorganization Administration, carefully considered recommendations have been made , to .us, for the improvement of our prison system. It is my thoijghlful.opinion that if m follow these recommendations the Arkansas prison system In the future will be able to function economically as an . Institution for the punishment of crime, and as an effective hos- •pltalr-rfor'-'tlie-'.-moraHy-sick; I do not know that any legislation will be needed in this regard, but I urge you to familiarize yourselves with the PIRA report, if f or no other purpose than to broaden your own fund of valuable Information. Clemency, Probation and Parole The exercise of executive ciemcncj by the governor cannot be' made to fit into the mosaic of civilized war on crime. With two thousand prisoners in tiie penitentiary, the governor at all times constructively has on his desk two thousand applications for executive clemency Tlie sheer volume of such an' assignment makes It impossible for mm to know what is best for th° individual and for society in such cases. He acts in each;case upon the promptings of political expediency, or in response to tlie impulse of sentiment. If the action taken is best for the Individual and society, that is merely coincidence You should give the people an opportunity to make It Imposs'M* [ 0 play politics with the lives and "liberties of human beings and the concerns of society. Parole officers should be provided to guide and advise released prisoners in an honest effort to become useful members or society, additional appropriations Wul< . needed for this purpose, they would be Justified. u C8r tainly is cheaper to provide a guiding supervision for a free man than it is to maintain an imprisoned man. Courts Life liberty, anrt happiness which may be acquired by the evolutionary processes of education are o no moment without Judicial tribunals which will protect them A Rreat jurist once said: "I have always thought from my earliest youth till now that the (jreatcs scourge any angry Heaven ever inflicted upon an ungrateful and sinning people was an Ignorant, a corrupt, a dependent judiciary." The pronouncement of one-of the distinguished justices of our Supreme Court was to the effect that "the perpetuity of our tnstltuions the preservation of our liberties, and the promotion of that civilization and progress which have made our nation great and glorious above all peoples of the earth depend primarily upon n fearless, Independent and incorruptible judiciary." Measures, therefore, which will shield the Judges of our courts from the importunities of politicians and prevent the judicial ermine from being dipped in the dangerous whirlpools of political strife should receive your earnest and thought ful consideration. The constitution makes provision for the salarv Income of judges active on tlie bench, statutes provide retirement income to those who have worn , trade practices and force such organizations to pay an equitable part of the cost of malntnlnlne the public Institutions and service which Insure the security of their enterprise. Highway Financing •ided for. Civil Service if administrative employes arc required to prove their fitness and ire assured of adequate compensa- lon for the service performed, and nnally arc certain; of security of tenure in positions competently Riled, more experienced employes will fill the various positions. Tims, -he public would profit to an ex- .ent that it Is hard to estimate, so ninny are the ramifications of attendant benefits. An honorary commission of public-spirited citizens working with a committee from imongst you has drafted an act to Improve Ifcls condition. Into Its drafting have gone long hours of Intelligent effort of these, and others who make the study of this phase of government their life work. They have had before them every treatise upon the subject and :vcry such enactment now in"cx- Istence. They have endeavored to avoid the faults nnd embody the virtues revealed by the accumulated experiences elsewhere. It is my considered judgment that no measure of more far-reaching importance will claim your consideration. With genuine sincerity, I urge favorable action on this measure It would be gratifying to me If it could be the first enactment to receive executive approval: Nalural Resources While we are upon a consideration of those measures which will conserve the state's cash : income and promote the efficiency..of its institutions and services, it may be: well to advert to thc necessity and wisdom of conserving natural resources. ,In them Is bound up pleasure and profit to the present generation and to posterity. Our wild life resources, our state parks, and our state forests are assets which the world In increasing numbers will pay us tribute to enjoy. What folly, then, it would be for us to fail to give intelligent consideration to their protection and preservation. Slate Police Department It appears to me that if thc State Police Department were properly reorganized, its forces could be utilized; for probation and parole duty, fn other states, such use has been most successful. Tlie department can be used also to absorb police duties now performed by agents.of other departments, such as the highway patrolmen, inspectors for the corporation commission, and possibly others. Tlie state top long has delayed assumption of Its proper responsibility for the enforcement of certain laws which are not susceptible, of adequate local enforcement, and for the expense of which local units of govr ernment should not be burdened. I refer especially to those laws which almost exclusively affect the state's revenues. A campaign to make thc highways safe cannot be successful unless waged by a state-wide law enforcement unit. Education We are committed by our constitution and by the dictates of our obligation to posterity to support an adequate, but not an extravagant school system. An entire citizenship, school-trained, will understand the objectives and processes of government and Insure the permanency of our institutions, the perpetuation of our civilization, and the ultimate achievement of our hjgh destiny as a state and nation. Public Institutions of learning have justified (heir existence. Reasonable requirements for their efficient nnd economical operation and perpetuation should receive our sympathetic attention. Tlie people -by majority vote have decreed that the cost of certain text books shall be provided out of public funds. Such a direct mandate from the people cannot and must not be disregarded In a government which Is of. for, and by the people. I sincerely hooe that no measure relating to schools will reach my desk prior to one translating this mandate into living law. Industrial Development No more profitable inveslment is available to this assembly than a reasonable appropriation with which to keep thc world constantly reminded of the abundance and beauty of natural resources and thc opportunity which here exists for profitable Industrial development. A reasonable expenditure to encourage further processing of Arkansas products within the state appeals to me as the proper start of a safe and sound development of indus- Because of our desire for that which was not within our means, we became Involved In indebtedness for highways and bridges which we could not. pay according to agreement with our creditors. V, preserve our respectability, then, of a sovereign stale, a new contracl was made with our creditors. II vouchsafed us more favorable terms of payment and assured them Judicious USE of our highway revcnu-s This contract Is Act 11 of the Extraordinary Session of 1934. jt .constitutes a solemn contract between us and our creditors, of course there will b; no disposition to rc- ;ard It otherwise. We know how beneficial It would be to reduce tlie gasoline tax, what economic ad- ranlaeos would follow elimination of the toll? nt bridges, what value :here would be In thc use of a larger part of the revenue for new construction, and how It would help large numbers of our citizens for Hie state to assume certain bridge indebtedness. These we must forego, however,-until our creditors are freely and.fully convinced Hint the adequacy, of their security Ihereby not be unpaired. By a pro- of Improving our highway debt position, we eventually can expect them to be so convinced. This can be done In cither two ways; increase income, or reduce debt, obviously, we cannot consider Increasing the lax rate on gasoline or license tags. We can, how-' ever, I feel sure, borrow money at lower rales of Interest to pay oir Ihe present debt. ; Refinancing al four per cenl would reduce the debt about 20 million dollars. At three and one-half per cent, It would bo reduced 32 million dollars, and it Li possible we may bo able to seirhcw bonds bearing Interest as low as Ihrce per cent. Before refinancing can be accom'- pllshed, It will be necessary 1 that you enact measures containing such authority. Already the Slate Construction Commission has made a contract lo refinance certain of Its bonds nt lower rates of Interest subject to your authorization. This contract, presages thu ultimate success of a program of reiltmncln? all stale obligations, which are callable nt substantially lower interest rates. We know, and I am sure that you Join me hi wanting thc Investing public to know, that Arkansas respects and will liquidate her obligations according to Ihc spirit and tenor of her contracts. Sales Tax Because, therefore, of the new demands upon government, thc constant CSclluc In ad valorem lax Income and,because there is a respectable sentiment, that government should devise some more equllable method of taxation for the maintenance of Its Institutions and services, the General Assembly of 1935 enacted a "sales tax" law. Personally, T do not regard this method of taxation as basically sound. It Is basically, sound lo lay the tax burden most Inrgely .upon those best able to pay, for the very reason that they are the largest beneficiaries of our system of gov- the. federal taxing program.' Be- enuse, however, of what'r regnrd as unwise constitutional ' nmend- inoW, adopted In November, 1034, II will .be Impossible for this assembly to devise any other adequate revenues. In Ihls situation; I sec no alternative to re-enacting Ihe •sulcs inx" Inw in some form. Tho present law Is not perfect. Its greatest fault Is the exemptions. They make It costly and I rouble- some to (lie citizens ot the state and cause the state Inree losses' In revenue. Future avoidance of these losses will make It possible to assume ,the added burden ol homestead exemptions, free text books, nml salaries of prosecuting nttoi-r ncys, without destroying oilier governmental services necessary lo Ihe people. Fluniioe ami Dconnmy My enthusiasm for tho services- and Institutions which I feel will tend lo bring to the . lowliest nmoiiusl us Ihe benefits of a civilization which we khow is good does not blind me to the fad that our capacity to do these things depends after all upon our ability U) • pay for them, I urge u|K>h you the adoption of measures which will result In the strictest economy and Integrity in the expenditure of public funds, but while I Insist \i|xm economy, [ am just as umilternbly opposed to niggardliness. Exlmva- (jnncc must not bs Indulged/such indulgence unjustifiably makes the tax burdens heavier, penury also Is unsound. Government Is not established to accumulate surpluses. When they exist, public service Is not adequate, or the Inx rate is tod high. Our Hnanclnl problem was « fretful one even before the general election last November. Assessed vnlucs of physical property, which Is. Iho basis for ad vnlorei tax income, liave : declined moi than thirty-four |>cr cent since 1029. from about CSO million dollars* to about 425 million dollars now. The Fundamentally, thnt Is decline In some' counties hos'bo. as little ns 10 por cent. In others, It has been moio than 64 per cent Facilities ishould lie provided, If they do not now exist,' with which u proper equalisation of laxnblu values may be enforced, since it seems Hint It wlllbe necessary yet a few yours lo depend In large mensuro upon ad valorem taxes for Ihe support of schools, counties, cities, and certain functions of state government, rnsdliitlonnl Co-'orilhialltm Much economy also can reMil' from administrative and legislative chnnges In institutional manage- hieiil, 1 nm not convinced that operation of slate Institution* bj honorary boards Is the perfect mclhod. Operation by the paid board system, however, is more ob- lectloiinble. The principal fnuU with honorary boards and commission! Is luck of cooiicratlon and coordl- nalln in Agricultural and Industrial cll'ovl, Such an eflorl Intelligently directed will enormously reduce the amount of money required for efficient operation. H Is my sincere hope that you will give cnreful consldertillon to the establishment of nn Institution cn-or- dlimtlng agency having the responsibility and authority to study state USD of industrial and agriculture products, and of advising with the various Institutions about their production and uses. Thus, we may avoid surpluses of OIIB Item and famine of another, and avoid the recurrence of the ildlculous condition wherein one Institullon has not enough land for Us needs, faille nnolher has loo much. All 0111 cffoits at economy \\lll bo grcnlly strengthened by. a perpetual audit. 1 am moved lo bc- Ituvc Hint heretofore too much' faith has been placed In the pro-audit. H Is n splendid service and should be retained and Improved. Recent revelntions demonstrate, however, ,lhnt extravagances and even actual dishonesty can pass muster with It. To wlml limit this lias PAGETHREB bo determined only by'a thorough"'/ audit of administrative depart- '" menls. The cost 61 creating nn In- ' dependent agency to audit past trnnsactloix? and practices would be ' Justified even' If no recovery resulted. However, I nm fully assured llini recoveries can be made In a total sum Jn excess of the cost ' Since Oils K Ihe nrst year of the second century of our sUitehood, the record of our achievements will be of more than usual significance.' Vour accomplishments as Ihc Slst General Assembly will not only Mt :ho pattern for administrative work • during Ihe ensuing blcniiluin, but will be far-reaching In their ultimate effects, because csilamly fewer changes will occur In our social, ;x>litlcal and economic structures ','. n the ensulii} century than have occurred during tho one Jusl closed. To write upon:your trestle.board " u program of economy •and'scrvict! will icqulie of you energy, Intcg- '" rlly, intelligence and courage—Iho cnoigy for unremitting clforl, the Integrity la resist Importunities to ' abandon your honest conviction's '" and practical Idealism, Ihe Intellt- cencc lo think clearly in debate and be unclouded by Ihe unusual ' ' loluine of duties suddenly Imposed uixm you. and the coinage to dls- rcgard cilllclbin born of Ignorance, inlsundcutandliig, 01 ultcilor motives. In concision, allow me to Im- ' press u|x>n you thai I nm perfectly willing to shoulder those icsponsl- - bllllles which properly belong to the executive ot your state government. I am equally anxious that I tluill In no .situation be placed In the ntlltude ot usurping your func- llons or attempting to control your piciogallves. Whatever differences wo may have during this session I sincerely hopu that ui»n lls adjournment, we will enjoy lhat mutual respect which Is bom of a' belief Hint honesty of pin pose has been (he motivating foice which has contioilcd our conduct Glass Panels in Front Door May tion Prove Best "Sol.u- Tlie problem of how to get sufficient light into a small entrance hall Is always a perplexing one. If it Is wide,enough, and the'type of architecture 'permit.';, side"' lights can be used on cither side of the entrance door. • And If the ceiling is high enough, a'fanlight or transom over the door may be used. ' If the hall is riot wide enough for side lights and not high enough for a transom, then what Is to be done? Obviously the light can come only through the door Itself. Except in modernistic : houses or in nondescript houses of the last century a large glass 'door looks out of place. . Tlie answer depends somewhat, on the style of the house. If it comes in that broad classlflcatlon —from Cape Cod cottage to southern Colonial mansion—it mav have lights of glass in the upper "panels of the door. This refers only to the .small, squarish panels at the top of n six- or eight-panel door and not to the long upper panels of a four-panel door, nor to the large upper panel of a two-panel door. These lights may be a number of designs and shapes; they may be square or round or arched. The old-bull's-eye lights with the thick centers like the. bottoms of bottles that were frequently used both in England and Colonial America make attractive lights; and the little arched panes seen in Connecticut and Massachusetts either hi two, three, or four lights also are appropriate. in English or Mediterranean styles, a small opening at eye height with an iron grille over it may be used In an infinite variety of shapes and styles. New front doors may. be installed in existing houses to Improve their appearance under the Modernization Credit plan of the Federal Housing Administration. Such doors, of course, are eligible also in new homes'built under the Insured Mortgage System. Houchins' Will Build Home on Main Street Mr. and Mrs. H, H. Hotichlns vlll build a modern residence on .heir lot, 1COO W. Main SI,, where .hey, now have a small house. Plans being made by U. S. Branion; architect, are not yet completed and : it has not been decided- whether the house will be of one or two stories. The plans vlll,.be finished within a short time'; however, and work will start as soon as possible. The house now on the lot .will is -moved.—' - • ' : ' .'•'•'. Colors Express Home Owner's Individuality Tlie individuality, as 'well as the preference of the home owner' Is expressed through the medium 'of color. In selecting thc color of the exterior of his house the choice must depend mainly upon its durability, in the Interior the home owner gives consideration to such artistic hues and harmonizing tints as will give the greatest pleasure to those who see them frequently. Interior decoration may be done with credit advanced by private financial institutions cooperating with the Federal Housing Administration. Exterior painting, the pointing of brick, replacing of stucco, etc., may also be accomplished by use of the same means. When remodeling a house, avoid creating angles and corners In rooms. Th»y are awkward looking and make furnishing difficult. At one point the ceiling of the Carlsbad Caverns, N. M., is 300 feet high. chen, has made its bow ns a floor covering in the living rooms and bedrooms of wcll-nppolnlcd houses; composition materials of ; various types !u the form of lllcs also nre used; even brick 1ms made Its way Into Ihe halls and living rooms of houses with success. ; But nil thc materials, both the'new as well as the more conventional ones, must be used with Judgment and a sense of Ihcl.r. ntness for each particular room. . • ,. • Badly Worn Floors Should Be Replaced Choice of Materials Depends Upon Character of House The finished floors of a house are most important to. its general appearance and therefore should be given serious consideration. There are many materials from which to' choose, and each has its .virtues. Tlie difficult thing is to be sure the finish selected Is appropriate 'not only; to the use of the room In which It Is to be put but also to the cost of the balance ,of thc finish of.the room. Obviously an expensive, random width teak-wood plank flooring would be out of place In a simple room of an Inexpensive house, nnd a fiat-grained narrow flooring of cheap wood would spoil a handsomely paneled and elaborately furnished room. Consistency In selecting materials to bo used Is essential to a properly balanced house. Many materials are being used now in countless ways for flooring; linoleum, once confined to thc kit- •-•Old, worn-out' 'wood' fltibrV-'nrc' hardly worth the care they require, to .keep them looking reasonably' presentable, when they have reached the stage where there are bndly worn depressions In front, of doorways,' or where the grain has begun Jo splinter, or'when thc cracks between the boards are so wide (hey cannot be decenlly filled, then a hew: floor should be:la|d. Tlie new wood floors may bo used ns the finish or as the base for linoleum or various types of composition tiles.- i ....... RefloOrliig may be financed with funds obtained from private financial institutions insured by the Federal Housing Administration. Light Walls Create Illusion of Space An Illusion of increased space would tend lo improve the nppcar- ance of the majority ot dining rooms. • This apparent size Increase may be accomplished by painting tlie walls light with Ihe Irim of the same color, and the floor and baseboard a darker hue. The result gives an impression of extension to the floor space which surrounds the rug. . • Credit is advanced for the modernization of dining -rooms by private financial Institutions Insured by the Federal Housing Administration. LET US HELP YOU PLAN We have helped hundreds of property owners in Mississippi county plaii their work, building, remodeling 1 and repairing. We invite you to bring your building problem to us for suggestions and material estimates. THE ARKMO LUMBER CO. PHONE -10 USEFUL TD TRIBUTE HUT Kelp Solve Problem of Room That Is Hard to Keep Warm If there nre rooms in the house Ihnt nre hard to heat even after Ihc windows have been wealher- strlpiicd, Inst Summer's electric fan can be used lo great advantage an extracting thc additional heal needed from the warm-air register or the radiator. The fan should be placed In front of the radiator so that room ah is blown over the radiator, at thc supply pipe end. If thc room'is henl- ed by n warm-air icglstcr, thc fan should bs placed In front of the register In such n manner that air Is sucked by thc fan from the warm-air duct and distributed .to the room. 'It will be found that the me of the fan In winter will do much' to bring about' even temperatures within a room and keep thc ntr In motion.. Often as much comfort will'be derived from. the. fan'in winter as in summer, because It will.bring about much more even tempcrnturcs within a room, heat a room usually cold, nnd provide quick hcnt-on cold mornings. '•''Homes can be •wciilhcrstrlpppcl and otherwise be made more livable tinder the Modernization Credit Plan of the Federal Housing Administration. Read Courier News Want Ads. HOUSING QUESTION BOX Q. Is It really practical to build a house on n concrete platform without a cellar? A. Yes; , entirely, provided the gioimtl hai good natmal drainage. Some precaution should bo laken to Insulate and damp-proof the floor, nnd Ihc house should bo placed, or Ihe grading so done, ' lhat all water will run away from the house. This is a precaution that should be taken is built ,or not, more iinpoitant whether a cetla: but it Is even with the platform construction". two or to draw Q. Sometimes when more people are Hying hot water in our hou'sc, it stops running entirely In one of the fnucoU, until the others arc shut off. What causes this nnd how can It be cured? A. In ail probability thc pipe? of the hot-water system have be- como clogged with some deposit and the flow cut down Ihe lower fixtures take so that all the supply iWhen they are openr~Hot water precipitates this deposit quicker than cold • water. much Tlie only cure h new piping. checks COLDS and FEVER first day Liquid, Tablets, Headachcv 30 Salve, Nose Drops minutes Try "Hub-My-'J'Ism"—World's Best Liniment 666 TO MEET EVERY BUILDING NEED! IF YOU are fciiflding a home, or other building expected lo serve foe years, you'll waul tlie finest shingles made—CERTIGRADE No. t for the roof, either No. 1 or No. 2 for Ihc side wails. CERTIGRADE No. 2 and No. 3 can be used advantageously on less pretentious dwellings, foe the under course in doubfe-coursmg, and particularly for smaller ' building] (sheds and ihc like on thc farm). You arc assured of the maximum value, whichever grade may but fit j-our ne cds. We'll gladly Xurru'ih (stioiales and full t-for motion. E.C.ROBINSON LUMBER CO. '"fmi.f PHONE IOO ABrAf. We Do The Rest

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