The Courier News from Blytheville, Arkansas on August 31, 1954 · Page 4
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The Courier News from Blytheville, Arkansas · Page 4

Blytheville, Arkansas
Issue Date:
Tuesday, August 31, 1954
Page 4
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BLYTHEVILLE (ARK.) COURIER NEWS TUESDAY, AUGUST 81, 1954 1U BLYTHEVILLE COURIER NEWS OOOIUBI raw* oo. •«. W EAlKli, Fubli*lM» Y sV MAIICBS, As*toUut PubUihar LA, ffts3>RIOK00N, idilof fAOL D MUMAM Adftrtirini Maiuffer Me lUttonsJ AdT*rtlsinf RepreseaUtttei: WAtlMt WHBMT Oi. Ifr» Tort. Chlce*), DNrait fettered u Meood elejs Matter ** the otttoe tt BlythctiUt, Artmnsej. under Ml « Con- October I, lilt RATtt: By eefrier ID the city of Blythetilit or tA? Mbvbtn town where earrkr set-rice is maintained, 36e per week. By matt, within ft radius of 9* alke, 16.00 per year, $2.60 for six monthi, $1 M for three months; fcy mail outside. 50 mile ton*. HIM per rear pftjabte to §jdranee. Meditations AM lie dealt wisely, mad dfepen«4 of aH hb .cfciUiwn throafhoHt all the countries of Judafe aad Benjamin* «nto erery fenced city: and he fare them victual in abundance. Aad he dwired soany wivea.—U Chron. 11:22. # * ¥ Prosperity is not without many fears and distastes; and adversity is not without'comforts and hopes-—Bacon. Barbs Mentioned only because it might cool you off: A New England man has studied snowflakes for If yean. * * ¥ It's the hutiditr that helps yo* make of y#ur •sind what you'd like to do next morning; . * * * Some parents already are continuing the days •when high school open* again and they can hare the family car. * * * A Michigan hen la-id ma egg 5# inches long.. '•nothing oesapared to the enes sone TV programs fer al crtniBg Bver sinee June 30 D»d ha* been just another The Strange Vargas Case Having just tried a few months to fathom the mystries of Latin-American politics in Guatamala, we must now endeavor to thread our way through the strange events that led to the sui- cidt of Getulio Varga*, president of Brazil. The story began with one Carlos Lacerdo, an editor and broadcaster who attacked Vargas feriously. An unsuccessful assasination attempt was made against Lacerda. Unfortunately, a bullet meant for him killed a young air force major and a terrific stir followed. It was disclosed later that Lacerda's assassination had been plotted by Vargas'' private body guard* which put responsibility for the young officer's death squarely at his door. This was so even though no evidence was brought out that either Vargas or his son also an object of Lacerda's attacks, had insighted or had knowledge of the plot beforehand. The major's death aroused great feelings among his fellow officers and elsewhere in the Brazilian armed forces. Normally tht military could have been relied upon as a stabilizing factor in a touchy situation, but its direct involvement altered the matter. The Communists, more numerous in Brazil than any where in Latin America, saw golden opportunities in this disturbed condition. It meant nothing to them that the editor Larcerda was one of their bitterest enemies: they exploited the events to embarrass Vargas. Evidently the internal turmoil reached a sufficient pitch to cause responsible military men to ask Vargas to step down as president. He is said to have replied that he would not yield his presidency alive before his term expired (in 1956), If this is what he said, he made good the pledge with a bullet into his own heart. Thus passed into history the man who has ruled Brazil for all but six of the 24 years from 1930 until now. He was ousted in 1945 but won popular elections in 1951. In 1930 he had led an armed march on Rio de Janeiro to become provisional president. Vargas was a resourceful politician, s\s one must be to hold power that long in a Latin American country. It is regrettable that at 71 his resources were «<jual to his last difficult challenge to his regime. The West, and espetially the United States, has lost a firm, tested friend. His successor as President, Joao Caf«Filho, i* said to be no less a friend to this country, but as a statesman and politician ht ii still to be tried. Clearly, tht fremtly enhanced prestige of Vargas' enemy, Lacerda, will five him one of hii •tiffeit trials. The United States sincerely mourns Getulio Vargas, and bravely hopes, thit somehow bit ptoe OAA be filled. Nothing Accomplished The American Airlines strike is now ended, and the issues will be reviewed by an arbitrator whose recommendations will not be binding either on the company or the pilot's union. The strike itself accomplished nothing, since a decision to seek arbitration could have been taken before a single plane was grounded. The principal issue in the 23-day walkout was American's operation of scheduled eight-hour and 35-minute non-stop flights from New York to Los Angeles. The pilots said these flights violated the old eight-hour limit, and that they were unsafe. But government authorities had relaxed the limit to ten hours and had declared the flight safe. Furthermore U. S. carriers to fly 8 to 12 hours regularly with the identical crew American employs on the disputed flights. During the walkout the pilots' union complained that press and public misunderstood its case. The fact is, the union never made out a case on the announced grounds of safety. If the pilots have any legitimate grievances we must trust the arbitrator to weigh them carefully. Up to now they have been somewhat less than candid in their approach to the issues. Thanks go to the National Mediation Board for carrying through this strike and restored full American Airlines' service including the disputed nonstop flights coast to coast. VIEWS OF OTHERS The Reserve Problem The Eisenhower Administration is tackling an old problem—how to put life into the organized reserres. That is a problem that even Harry Truman himself could not solve and the reservists never had a better friend than Colonel Truman of the Artillery Reserve, retired. The Pentagon planners give the reserves pay and promotion (of sorts) and a retirement plan but they failed to solve the basic problem. And that is how to get a reserve force of officers and men that is ready to fight. Actually reserve officers had more train- "ing with the CMTC before World War n than they have now. But the Pentagon brains are said to be working on a project that sounds suspiciously like one Marshall Plan that never got off the ground. That was General George Marshall's idea to abolish the National Guard as a state unit and create a vast federal militia force with every able-bodied young man serving a hitch. That plan is simply not going to work. The Guard is older than this nation itself. Its traditions are proud. Abolition of the Guard would never get Congressional approval. One can imagine, for example, the filibuster that Senator Ed Martin would lead. Senator Martin once commanded Pennsylvania's crack 28th Division and is proud enough of that fact to list himself in Who's Who as a soldier. Instead of abolishing the National Guard, why not abolish the Organized Reserve Corps and put the money and the effort into the Guard? Many so-called reserve "combat" units are mere federal copies of similar Guard units anyhow. With the National Guard, left as it is now, under state control in peace time, every officer and man would have an actual troop assignment, would belong to a unit in which he could take some pride, and would get field training regularly. In time-of war here would be a force, trained ready to take the field. It works in Great Britain. It works here as far as it goes. Why not extend it?—Kingsport (Tenn.) News. Riding Herd On 'Em President Elsenhower's administration has achieved a notable retrenchment in government spending. The resident said at the start this would be a continuing practice. Mr. Eisenhower now has made good on that pledge by telling all departments that their budget requests for the 1956 fiscal year must be lower than their spending in the 1955 fiscal year. And he has demanded they cut their spending in the last half of the 1955 fiscal year below their appropriations. The president has sent the departments a 13- point program for saving money. It is backed up by an order. The only way to get economy, and maintain it, is to ride herd on every government spender. The President must imbue the cabinet with this philosophy, the cabinet must install it in bureau chiefs, and so on down the line. Most people in the government understand spending better than they understand saving. After all, ever-bigger spending was a 20-year habit, and it will take some doing to reverse it.— Memphis Press-Scimitar. SO THEY SAY If any foreign aggressors dare to prevent tht Chinese people from liberating; Taiwan (Formosa) . . . they must take upon themselves All gruvc consequences of such sets. — Red Coin* Premier Chou Enlni. ¥ * * I'm not going: to run for unythinf from dog catcher on up. I'm satisfied. — U. S. District Judge Harold Medina denies he'll seek New York's Now Here's One Ike Likes' Peter Edson's Washington Column — Erskine Joknson IN HOLLYWOOD Western Powers Are 'Way Ahead Of Reds in the Cold- War Game By PETER EDSON NEA Washington Correspondent WASHINGTON — (NEA) — In sheer bulk of number^, me western anti-Communist powers are 'way ahead in this cold-war game of matching defectors with the Communists. Latest inning in this game is the State Department's presentation in Washington of former Russian intelligence agent Yuri A. Rast- vorov, who came over to the American side in' Tokyo last April. This public introduction was obviously an effort to offset some of the propaganda damage from the case of Dr. Otto John. He is the former West German intelligence chief who recently went over to the Communist side in the Russian zone of Berlin. American officials will not give out the total number of Russians who have come over to the anti- Communist side. The number of Russian citizens who have escaped from, behind the Iron Curtain is kept secret, so that the Moscow government will not know how many defectors have reached freedom and safety on this side. American officials profess to have no list of former Russian officials who are now in the United States. No master catalogue has been prepared of important ex- Communists in all of the free countries. Where the anti-Communist countries gain their principal advantage is in the literally millions of people who have fled" from Communist domination. All are carefully screened and each adds his mite to western intelligence about communism. The International Refugee Organization took over the task of resettling nearly 1.5 million displaced persons in 1947. In three years, IRO repatriated 69,000 and resettled 720,000 who could not be returned to countries under Communist control. The U. S. Displaced Persons Commission and law admitted 336,000 of these refugees to America. The current Refugee Relief Act aims to bring in 209,000 more by 1956. The foreign operations administration escapee program which took over where IRO and DPC left off. has had to confine its activities to refugees who have come from behind the Iron Curtain since Jan. 1, 1948. Its authority to handle new cases expired last June 30. But over 37,000 of these refugees have been registered in Europe. Twelve thousand of them have been resettled. 8000 in the United States. In the Far East, 26,000 escapees have been registered. Six thousand of them have been resettled, nearly all Chinese. FOA spent about ST.5 million on this work last year and has a budget of 56.5 million for this year. The current rate of escapees in eastern Europe is around 200 a nonth. The rate has been as high as 1000 a month, all along the iurtain from Poland through Turkey. These figures do not include the German totals. Over 1,790,000 East ermans have escaped into West Germany to get away from communism. In addition, eight million ermans who before and during World War II lived east of the Oder-Neisse line 'in what is now Communist Poland have moved into postwar Western Germany. The reverse crossings from West Germany into East Germany to embrace communism are comparatively negligible. The same kind of a story came out of the Korean war. In the great prisoner-of-war exchange after the cease fire was signed, 14,000 Chinese and 7500 North Koreans chose not to return to Communist control. On the other hand, only 430 Chinese and 600 Koreans chose to go back to Communist North Korea and Red China. Of the United Nations forces, only 21 Americans and one Britisher went Communist. Refugees and escapees from the Communist satellite countries of course far outnumber those from Soviet Russia proper. This is because of tighter controls inside the Soviet and the need for crossing a satellite country in most cases, even after an escapee gets outside of Russia. Greatest Communist defector of all is of course Tito of Yugoslavia. Russian officials have been renouncing communism for years, however, and the public list of defectors is long. It includes: Alexander Kerensky, first Bolshevik premier; Maj.-Gen. Walter Krivitsky, head of Soviet espionage, who was found murdered in Washington in 1941;'writers Victor Kravchenko, Jan Valtin (Krebs), Igor Gou- zenko. MVD agent Nikolai Khokhlov recently broke with the Russians in Berlin and Vladimir Petrov in Australia. All have revealed Russian espionage activities. the Doctor Says— Written for VEA Service By EDWIN P. JORDAN. M.D. High blood pressure, sometimes called hypertension, may be considered as a symptom of any one of several different conditions. It is said to exist when the. pressure of the blood against the arteries remains persistently higher than "normal." "Normal" is not always easy to define because it is usual for the blood pressure to go up slightly as a person gets older. Recently, in fact, it has been suggested' that in older persons the pressure is often higher than was previously believed to be normal and that many such people remain in good health and do not need special treatment. High blood pressure remains a real problem. In some cases the cause can be traced to the kidneys or some other organ and steps can be taken to attack the difficulty at its source. But in a large group of people the cause cannot be found and the condition is labeled as essential hypertension or high blood pressure of unknown cause. For this variety a vast number of treatments have been suggested including such scientifically dubious remedies as garlic, hawthorn berries, and plant extracts. In spite of the current lack of knowledge of the causes »nd treatment of essential hypertension, prqgress is being made and some victims of the disorder are being successfully treated. And just as important i n the long run is the encouraging fact that more brains and more funds are being devoted to research on high blood pressure. This indeed is the only method which will lead to better understanding of its causes and to the development of treatments which will benefit all of those who now have or may expect to develop hypertension. Jut »ve« today there art »tvtrs>l methods of attacking essential hypertension. Some people have been benefited by diet. Of these the so- calld rice dits. mostly of the low salt content variety, have also proved valuable. The use of tissue extracts has proved useful for some; the production of artificial fever for others. Not to be ignored is surgery. The operation consists in cutting some of the nerves lying near the spine. Certainly many have benefited by this but it is an ordeal and less punishing methods must still be sought. With the conquest of so many of the infectious diseases more people are living longer and hypertension is one of the troubles faced in middle and old age rather than in youth. It is perhaps partly for this reason that one hears so much about high blood pressure now and that it has become so important to do more about it. • JACOBY ON BRIDGE Defender's Error Gave Away Tricks By OSWALD JACOBY Written for NEA Service If you'like perfect bridge hands, you may be disappointed with today's example. It was played properly by declarer, but one of the defenders made a mistake. The bidding was normal enough, and there was naturally no question about making the contract. At most, declarer might lose a diamond and a club. Since the hand was played in a tournament, however, declarer was out jo make as many tricks as possible. HOLLYWOOD — (NEA) — This is Hollywood, Mrs. Jones: \Vhere time never goes by. Those clocks in film scenes are never wound. The ticking would interfere with perfect dialogue recording . .. Where there are only two seasons—summertime and option time . .. Where Jeanette MacDonald, during World War U' wore a star on a charm bracelet for her Newfoundland dog that went to war ... Where you sometimes think there are more sound stages than sound minds .... Where keeping their wives -in the bluebook keeps some of the citizens in the red. This is Hollywood, Mrs. Jones. where old-fashioned stagecoaches have vanity mirrors out of camera range—so glamor dolls can powder their noses .... Where MGM once changed the title of a picture from "Happily Married" to • ; Happily Buried." Talking about a scene for a picture, Michael Curtiz, the Hungarian-born director^ said: "It's so exciting, it makes your blood curl." Where a tailor on Vine Street calls his shop a "valeteria." THIS IS HOLLYWOOD, Mrs. Jones, where: The screams for leading ladies in horror pictures usually are provided by professional screamers— at S25 per scream .... The first Hollywood city ordinance forbade more than 2000 sheep being driven down Hollywood Blvd.. at one time .... Where a sign in a Hollywood jewelry store window reads: "Wear a fraternity pin—a sign of "distinction. Easy credit." Where this sign appears in a beer parlor: "The wife can't be any madder. Stay awhile and have a few more drinks." Where the most popular magazine among Hollywood's highly trained film technicians is "Amateur Photography." This is Hollywood, Mrs. Jones, where Tom Collins, a Hollywood bit player, is married to a girl named Ginger Ayle . . . Where pictures run in cycles and producers run in circles . . . .Where a painting in Micky Rooney's den depicts Greta Garbo as a fan dancer. Where a "B" producer calls his home "Sleeve's End." Everything in it is on the cuff . . . Where more than 800 registered "doubles" rent parts of their bodies,' or all of it, to the movies. Their legs, hands and feet double in close-ups for stars, and others perform difficult stunts .... Where trees are tailor- made. The prop department nails strips of bark to forms of any shape or size. THIS IS HOLLYWOOD, Mrs. Jones, where the late Fannie Brice insisted on having her name spelled "Fannie" in billing, but signed all her personal letters "Fanny" .... Where department stores have special shopping rooms for stars—so they won't be mobbed by tourists. Where there are more cat and dog hospitals than hospitals for humans .... The average screen fight, lasting two and a half min- utes, takes 12 hours to film. Where the first actor to play a dual role in a movie was veteran star Jack Mullhall. The picture was ''Pat and Mike." He played a policeman named Pat and a gangster named Mike .... Where artificial rain on a movie set is sometimes part milk—to make it photograph better. THIS IS HOLLYWOOD, Mrs. Jones, where: Of the 167 trained dogs used in movies and TV, only three are thoroughbreds. Mixed breeds are the most intelligent for movie work .... Where party giver No. 1 Elsa Maxwell leased her expensively, furnished Beverly Hills home to actor John Loder on one condition—that he wouldn't give any parties. Where Spanish explorer Caspar de Portola was the first white man to see the area now called "Hollywood." The year was 1769, and when his expedition reached Ca- huenga Pass his men engaged in a knife battle with Indians, setting quite a style. Where Binnie Barnes was once asked if she could remember her first stage role. "I don't remember exactly," she said, "but I think I played a potted palm." 75 fears Ago In B/ytfiev///e— Boquets of marigolds decorated the home of Mrs. Albert K. Taylor yesterday afternoon when she was hostess to members of her bridge club and one guest, Miss Martha Lee Hall. Miss Mary Ann Nabers and Miss Margaret Jane Acton will go to Jonesboro Monday to enter Arkansas State College. They were graduated this spring from the city high school and will be roommates at the college. W. Leon Smith is able to be out after having been ill for several days. Declarer then led the singleton club from the .dummy. An expert East would, of course, be ready for this play. The expert would hop right up with the king of clubs in order to win the trick and lead through declarer's diamonds. The actual East player was not expert enough for this, and his play of a low club forced West to win the club trick. Now West was hopelessly end- played. If West led a club, South would ruff, while dummy discarded the losing diamond. If West led a diamond, the only other jhoice, declarer would get a free finesse. In either case, Miss Krupka was sure to make 12 tricks, for a very fine score . THREE cellmates in a Red Prison were talking things over. The first factory hand said he was accused of "absenteeism" for being late to work. The second told how he was five minutes early for work and was charged with spying. The third one said, "I came to work on time, and they accused me of buying a Western watch." — Fort Myers (Fla.) News-Press. A MOB of 5,000 at Katmandu, Nepal — that's a small country on the border between India and Red China — burned effigies of President Eisenhower and Secretary of State Dulles during an anti-American demonstration yesterday. We wonder what we did for these people? — Memphis Press-Scimitar. ABOVE THE DOOR of a fine beautiful church was engraved 'This is the way to Heaven." Just below it hung a sign, "Closed during July and August." — Knoxville (Ga.) Post. LITTLE UZ— Horseshoes ore lucky only when you put vour money on the right horse *HU» Screen Star Answer to Previous Puzzle THIS is the season when the individual known as "guest" is pinchhitting for columnists, commentators and other indispensa- bles. What most persons would welcome is a good guest taxpayer or guest debtor. — New Orleans States. THERE COMES two times when every young man is the subject of complimentary remarks. The irst time he is too young to ap- sreciate it, and, the second time is too dead' to appreciate it. — Kingsporl (Tenn.) Times. POME In Which Is "Expressed A Personal View Of The Nexv Fash- on Suggestions of Christian Dior. Girls! You'll never be adored With figures like an ironing board. — Atlanta Journal. NORTH (D) A AQ985 VQJ953 • 32 + 7 31 WEST 4k6 ¥62 4AQJ832 SOUTH *K43 V AK1084 • AQ4 *106 East-West vul. North Cast South West Pass Pass 1 * 2 * 2 4 Pass 3 4 Pass 4 V Pass Pass Pass Opening kad — 4 $ West opened the singleton spade, and dummy's ace won the trick. Declarer, Miss Rhoda Krupka, one of the new young crop of New York expert*, proceeded to draw two rounds of trumps and then returned to the spades. After cashing the king and queen of spades Miss Krupka ruffed a spade in her own hand and got to dummy with a trump Lo lead the last good spade, discarding a club from her band. ACROSS 1 Cinema actress, Stanwyck. 8 She is one of Hollywood's noted 13 Interstices 14 Weird 15 Conducted 16 Places (ab.) 17 Cream 18 Scottish girl 20 Bartered 3 Communists 4 Tramp (slang) 5 Kind of hat 6 Chest rattles 7 Roman bronze 8 Soothsayer 9 Pertaining to a tissue 10 Dry 11 Ceremony 12 Plant 19 Sudanese . Negroids 20 Beverages c o A M 9 ft. E 29 Hardy heroine 42 Step 32 Eat away 43 Persian 34 Citrus fruits ten'tmaker 35 Bird's home 44 Rent 39 Billiard shots 46 Corn bread 21 Abstract being 23 Classify 22 Ever (contr.) 24 w °ody plant 40 Annual income47 Asseverate _ _ ^ "' or i;rr*irfv*. i /•&— \ * A * - -,» 23 Fixed look 25 Wolfhound 26 Dance step 26 Nuisance 27 Perched 27 Filli P 30 Shield bearing 28 Pain 31 Perfume 33 Motives 36 College cheers 37 Number 38 Soak flax 39 Contends 40 Short-napped ' fabric 41 Sorrowful 42 Puissant 45 Surgical saw 49 Amid 50 Sticky stuff (slang) 51 Egg (comb, form) 52 Fencing position 53 Type of fur (Pi.) 55 Sea eagles 56 She has been in some movies DOWN 1 Sphere 2 Scope (Fr.) 41 She has an interesting life 48 Inquisitive 50 Precious stone 54 That thing

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