Logansport Pharos-Tribune from Logansport, Indiana on February 12, 1891 · Page 4
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February 12, 1891

Logansport Pharos-Tribune from Logansport, Indiana · Page 4

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Thursday, February 12, 1891
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John Gray's "CORNER" ON NEW GOODS. While everyone is blowing, .striking and trying to push off old unsalable goods on their customers;. John Gray hag gons and filled up his store chuck full of hew goods and is -selling them lower than some of the old chesnuls that are being offered elsewhere as great bargains, reason why, he has no old goods to lose on. Good Goods, good selections careful buying and close prices is what has given him the cleanest stock in the State. IN LABORS GAOSE, SAMUEL GOMPERS, PRESIDENT OP THE AMERICAS FEDERATION OF LABOR IS TENDERED AN OVATION. His Reception by 'the Trade* :i«d Labor Assembly aiid His Address Last Evening. Daily Journal. Published every day in the week (except Monday) by VI. D. PRATT. Price per Annum, Frice per Month, '- . - *« OO . - 5O. THURSDAY MOKNING. FEB. 12. A Mng-iiificent Effort in Labor': Cause. FREE TRADE SELFISHNESS, The theory of the free trade has very aptly been pronounced a "a science based on assumptions." The correct ness of this diagnosis finds confirmation in the nervousness of the average free.trade,.advocate wnen confronted by the cold facts of history and business experience. No country has ever succeeded in attaining- national prominence in the absence of a rigid regard for the defense of those industries rendered practicable by reason of natural resources and the ability pf its people to make and keep themselves in most part independent of business rivals in lOther countries.. England is at once the inspiration of free trade evangelism in the United States and the model to which free trade attorneys invariably point as their ideal of economic government. Yet, within recollections of men now living, when modifying its policy, the British Parliament repealed a code of laws; -certain provisions of which would make the protective features of our present tariff seem the extreme of •conservatism. It wu-s not until after three centuries of Protection, and '-when confronted with the fact that British acres could 'not- longer -meet the demand for bread and meat for British tables, that Parliament ventured to repeal the Corn Laws and to remove the barriers of defense from .about those products of manufacture that rigid Protection had brought to a then unparalleled perfection. The chapter of British history, though so rigidly excluded from the speeches of those who are seeking to anglicize the policy of this country. and given no place in the pages of literature with which the Cobden Club so liberally supplies its American allies, is none the less one that the patriotic student'of'the situation cannot afford to ignore. Nor should he fail to recall the fact that the policy of protecting her industries so long a Protection seems essential to supremacy,' is one that Great Britain has never '.. altogether ; abandoned. Every important line of ''steamships owned by British capital arid"-run from British ports is defended against damaging competition by subventions that constitute a guaranty of interest upon necessary .investments, and- British consuls are quite, generally under instructions to act as --.. agents '• of such lines if .their, services .'are required. Another form of British, protection is now- claiming attention of our Cabinet and Minister "to .England. Representatives of the Department of 'Agriculture have .'for' some months beeri.in England under institictiqns to minimize the expense and embarrassments heaped up•;, .against American Jiri.stock under an^ assumed fear of contagious diseases;,, but in reality to allay the restlessness of British farmers : and stock raisers over American competition. . Great Britain has eve'r been prompt to handicap 1 foreign competition -when its freedom was likely te operate to the pecuniary disadvantage' of her subjects. .The pressure for "free trade with this country is no exception to this ,r,ule of national selfishness, and will be reversed as readily as the change from Protection was made whenever.,', the exigencies of British interests seem to require such a step.—Ex. ... Samuel Gompers, President of the American Federation of Labor, arrived in the city yesterday at 1:15 p. in. and was met at the Pennsylvania station by a committee of the delegates of the Trades and Labor As sembly and escorted to the Johnston hotel. After dinner Mr, Gompers was taken in charge by O. P. Smith, District Organizer, W. E. Webster, President of the Trades Assembly, Frederick Bismarck, secretary of the Assembly, an'd George Parish, and shown over the city in a carriage. They visited the various industries of the city and viewed the many natural advantages possessed by the place. In the evening, the various labor unions of the city formed at the corner of Fourth and Broadway, headed by the THE Journal gives this morning the speech of Samuel ,..Goropers, President of the Federation of .'Labor.,- It is a :full and complete statement pf the- views of the Federation. and it is, worthy of careful reading.; The labor. .question is one'of the live .social' questions of the day'upon which the peo- rpie should be informed. 'The speech was taken-in short band, transcribed - »nd set up. In its presentation this morning the Journal is under obligationsirfof kind assistance in a task which the metropolitan press takes pride in doing but which is seldom attempted in small cities. the labor, agitators abor organizations, that organization: it advocate we need as natural to who But mankind as it is that the sun shall rise and set. We find that organizations or aggregation is the order of the day, not only among men, but the animal kingdom—of even the mineral kingdom. You find that --where there is a growth under the earth; Of on it; if • there • is an aggregation of a certain species, it always accomplishes and yields best results. We find that the animals upon the fields and in the forests, go in herds—that even the fish in the seas go in shoals to defend themselves. We find in the high orders of development that men who are the possessors of wealth formed thus into organization. We see, for instance, the possessors of certain forms of .vealth, such as for instance, the bankers' organizations and the bankers 1 associations. We find the Boards of Trades, composed of the men of commerce, the Chambers'of Commerce, We find the manufacturers, of all classes of wealth, of different degrees of wealth, organized in their highest sessions, in the iron manufacturers association,in corporations.in railroad organizations,or corporations. We find the forming in companies or trust and they, all do so from their natural instinct to defend themselves, and protect their interests. This is not only found in the wealthier possessors, it is also incident to the professions. You will find the civil engineer organized, you will find the | medical practioners, and woe be it to him who will attenc to patients and prescribe for them who has not passed an examination a; SAMUEL «O.TTPEnS. K. P. hand, arid after following- the line of march previously outlined, filed into the rink, which was soon filled to overflowing. A crowd of fully 2,000 people greeted the gifted lahor orator, who for an hour and a half held the very closest attention of his auditors. '• 0. P. -Smith read letters of regret from 'Adolph' Strauser, president of -Gigar Maker's National Union, and from George A, Schilling-, of Chicago, deploring .their inability to accept the invitation to be : present at the meeting, and tendering good will and sympathy in labor's cause. ' Weldon -E. Webster, President of the Trade's Assembly, introduced President' 1 'Gbmpera- in a few very appropriate' words, and "labor's most gifted orator" arose and laying aside the heavy top : coat necessitated by the low temperature of the room surveyed his large'andionce with a calm, deliberate and dignified glance, which at once caught attention and chained it. He began his address slowly and with a pleasing dignity and force of utterance, speaking as follows: Mr. Chairman, Fellow Working Men and Women, and Frisnds: It affords me more than, ordinary pleasure to be with you this evening— more than ordinary pleasure to see so large a concourse of the people of Lo- o-ansport—to come and hear, to listen to me upon this question of labor, the question _of labor's rights the question of labors wrongs. If we were to compare this large concourse here assembled with the gatherings of the few, a, few years ago, who dared utter a word in the defense of labor we .would find that there is an an indication to them that the question ' of labor is the one that engrosses the minds and attention of the people of the world; of.* the intelligence, .the honesty, of'those who. love their fellow men. There are a number of people whose sympathies sometimes go out to labor, who do not mind to express their co-operation with the aspiration of labor, but who draw the line and say that men need not go with you in advocating the labor organization. Good people though they be, ihey will look upon the organization in,all its forms by all the people, with- pro.videdby the medical societies. Yoi will find the lawyers aggregated classified by rules of admis sion. He who attempts to prac tiee law without the requirements will be classed , as a pettifogger We are charged with inspiring xh th< minds of the wage workers ideas o discontent. We are charged with causing ill feeling between the em ployer and the employe. To the firs I am willing'to say we plead guilty It is the aim; it is but tlie purpose o the organization of labor to breed dis content. What should we do for the contentment .that begets slavery. Look to the country or the clime, ot the state where this so-called discon tentment exists, and you will find tha there exists the greatest degree b progress and safety and liberty Loolc to the country or the climi or the state, where so-called content ment prevails, and you will find -tha this contentment is the peace that reign ed in Warsaw,is the contentment that i forced by bayonets. Discontment i the sign of a healthy, progress. Dis contentment demonstrates to th thinking world that there are 'wrong; which exist that need righting, am rights that need conquering;, and it i the purpose of the labor organization to crystalize the discontment-into form ulated demanus. We seek to improve the mora status, socially and politically, th character of the people of. all nation of the civilized .world.. ' We know in vestigations by the working peopl havo lad them to the conclusion tba labor is the creator of all wealth The producers of .all this wealtl insists upon their right to .kaon why. they should not be large sharer in the production of their labor. A a result of our investigations, we -hat come to the conclusion to .insist up on receiving from the profits of ou toils more. It is idle to charge u with being selfish.. It is useless t say that we have had a little more Last 'year, or two years ago,' we ac knowledged that to be a fact. W simply say that being the producers o the wealth of the world, we simply sa that we want more;, and after we hav obtained -more, we shall ask.for more and shall never cease in. our. demand for more until we have the full pro duct of our labor. We are charge with being disturbers of friendly rela tions that exist between the employe and employee, but as a matter of fact out a word of condemnation, without a ; auu ciu^n/j^, ~"»• — word of criticism, and heap all their I the relations which they hold up as a oppositions upon the heads of I ideal and that to be followed, we loo pon as the picture of misery and de- redation. It may suit the conven- : ence of the employer that working epple should implicitly obey his or- ers. It may suit the pride of the mployer to be absolute master in his actory or his workshop, or his mine,. ut the labor oaganizations question vith him, they question with the eor- loration, the absolute right of it to ictate terms upon which, and about .vhiob, the wage-worker, the producer the wealth, has no .voice in determining. We say that we have a right o be considered. We have the right 0 have our rights. .We should have a -oice in determining our wages. We should have a voice in the hours we vork. We have a right as Citizens in our country, in our state, n our cities, in the formation of the laws of our respective communi- ;ies, and the laws or the rules that govern the factory .and the workshop. Will vcu deny us the right of having a voice in framing those rules? Will you deny us the right in having a voice n framing the laws and the regulations that govern us. in out' factories, ,hat govern us the larger portion of ,he time. Thus, the labor organiza- dou, standing as the factor; agaiust ;he absolute control of the factoryor the workshop or the mine. Now we hold that men and women are higher and setter and more precious than wealth —that men, and women and children shall be regarded, so far as their interests are concerned, that a ton of coal, or a bushel of wheat, or a pound of pork. There was a time when men were considered above goods. Then life was regarded as more valuable than merchandise. As one of labors agitators said: "For this we hold tlie species humims.- Excels in value, webs ot cotton, Or all the^old, by wealth begotten." So we propose and so we proclaim and so we maintain with labor, that the man and woman of labor should be first considered. The organizations are first in the advocacy of all forms that pei'tain to the people's rights. We have yet to learn-that any charge can be laid against the door of organizations of labor to being opposite to any rule and tangible reforms. We are charged with being the advocates of strikes. They say that the cause of strikes by employees is organ- zation. So let me say here and now, as one who has had some experience in that, as much experience as any man in this country upon this subject, allow me to declare that it is not true, but the very reverse, and I think you will agree with me after a few moments. I ask you to consider, I ask you to think for a moment whether it is not a fact, that in all trade or callings, in any country or any state, wherever the people, theworking people are best organized, there you Will find the least number of strikes. I refer you to the great organizations of labor as a proof of what I say. I-refer you to the bureaus of statistics of our country, and of the States as a proof of that fact. The fact is this, however, that wherever organized they command respecful attention for thsir reasonable demand, and the employer, fair or unfair, and corporations, soulless and exacting, will not resent any demand made upon them by an organized working people, but we are paid very respectful attention when the working people are thoroughly organized and prepared for a contest, should it be necessary. Organizations that prepare themselves in time of peace for contests that may come, are generally prevented from going on strikes, just because they are prepared to go on strikes. 1 do not believe that, under our presen-t economical conditions, strikes will be entirely eliminated, but we can reduce strikes; and if there are any who are against striking, then let -them organize. For, as they organize, the necessity of striking will grow beautifully less. Of course we do not join the general human cry against strikes. . We do not raise a tirade against them ' at every oppor- itunity. We do not roll the con- 'demnatiop'and denunciation of strikes like a sweet morsel upon' onr tongues. For we know that those who will de- uounce strikes are generally labors worst enemies, -and would rather see .that the toilers become serfs than strike. 'idocQt. encourage striking. I am an opponent of striking,, but I say to, labor organizations, prepare for strikes, and you won't , hav.e much or many occasions to go on strike. And there are.some'who declare that they will never strike. These hi ave workingmen, if there be such, remind me very much of that heroic valiant malitia regiment, which called a special .meeting and passed the resolutions which read somewhat like this. "Resolved, that immediately upon the breaking out of anv war this regiment will disband." That on the contrary that iuasmuch as 'there ex- is s a conflict of interests we propose to organize to advance our interest, that we have not only organized a militia regiment but we have ! organized a standing grand army of labor. We have not enlisted in this war for .thirty days—we have not enlisted iu this' war. for a year-:we have not enlisted in this battle for three years—we have, enlisted for the war,, so long as life remains the organization of..labor wil. stand as a menace, against injustice and a protest against wrong, and defenders 'of the interest of laborers Wo shall be heard in these utterances Neither shall we retractor retrace our steps. There is no word that organ ized liberty has uttered in form—there is no act that organized labor has re, solved upon which need be unsaid, except to say i stronger. No step to take back except to emplant it firmer, with more Highest of all in Leavening Power.— TF. S. Cov't Report, Aug. 17, ABSOLUTE!* PURE emphasis. We believe, or we know, that we are right; and though it may seem egotistical to so declare, we start from the purpose that labor is the jreator ef all wealth, hence is right in ts demands. Labor organization, in ts continuations demand's improved conditions, is right—-based scientiflc- illy, based economically and philosophically, upon social right. The organizations of labor are abso- utely the most democratic of any character on the face of the earth. <Io imaginary political lines.no imaginary geographical lines divide the wage workers—no question of race' or color divides the organizations of labor, I'bey have been and are charged with )eing backward, yet, as a matter of fact, they are the first to declare for ;he equality of sexes, and contest for its achievement. In response to cir- julars sent 'out from the office of the American Federation of Labor, 229,000 wage workers—men, printers brick-, ayers, railroad engineers, firemen, ;rainmen, conductors, cigar makers, railroad conductors^ hod carriers, miners, and all Of these and other trades who are supposed to be ignorant—229,000 workmen—petitioned the United States government to submit to the various states, constitutional propositions to grant an equal suffrage to women as well as men. Now if the organizations of labor in so short a time can do that, we ask_these who possess so, much more intelligence than we do, to do likewise. Let the boards of trade and chambers of commerce, and your beer' trusts, aud your woolen, trusts, do likewise. Their members will not be as many as ours, but let them do the best they can. Yet they manifest some inclination to recognize that men and women are. equally creators of our types of development aud should be equal iu their rights as well as men. In the organization of labor, the sovereignty of each one is not only required but struggled for. There is one particular phase to which I desire to call yonr attention. The question of the protection of children. We find in our factories, in onr workshops, in our mills, and in the stores, children of young and tender ages that should be in th.e play grounds and enjoying the beautiful balm of the sun and the air, who should be in the school room, storing in. their young minds that material that goes to make up good men and women. We find the modern dragnet of greed dragging them into .its toils like an octopus into the mill, into the factory, into the shop, into the stores, working day after day, dwarfing their minds and bodies, robbing them, of the means of education and frequently dragging them to a .premature grave. I can understand how some people may desire to protect themselves by the acquirement of wealth against poverty in old age, but I tell. you, my friends, I cannot understand, how an animal on two legs, calling himself a man can permit his conscience to go i,n a-serene way, who becomes rich on the blood and sinew of young and innocent children. There was an old religion supposed to be transmigration of souls. The religion provided as one Of its fundamental beliefs that when a man or woman died, a, child was Just, born, and the soul departing .from, the body of the dying person would be transmitted to that of the living or new born ckild. I want to say to you my-friends, that if, that, religion prevailed to-day, I would be'an absolute infidel, for I am frank enough to say to you that when men become .rich on the labor of young, children. When they were born my belief , would be that, nobody, died. I urge upon you -wage workers, men and women, friends of liberty, protect the children, see that they are. given the opportunity for education. Kemember this, that apart from every economical 'aspect of the question, that tyrants in all ages, at all times, have kept a por- tiou of the people in iguorance, so that thejjr could more successfully filch all.thelaborers Of their rights and liberties; and I ask you to see to it, that iu your state,: you shall have a. law-passed prohibiting the emplpy- meut of any child in any. occupation, until it shall have obtained at least 14 years of age. Speaking, of the question of legislation, would it not be well'.for the wage-workers in :this state, to see to it that your honorable (?) senators and members pass a law that shall protect'the life -and limbs of the wage-worker—when accidents are due to the carelessness ' or negligence of the company or their agents. Don't you think it necessary that there, should be some law by which the interest of-the wage-workers should be, projected? Don't you think.there should" be a better enforcemeut of the law for miners who go down into the bowels of the earth and bring forth,'that black diamond which contributes so much to our comfort and homes, and gives the impetns of life to the great industries of our country? My friends, don't you [Continued en Fifth Page 3 UOCKKOHD. 111., Feb. II.—A man who has been stay in*; sit Soli woinfurth's for a umnber of *veelcs liys departed for his home in Wisconsin I.lc veils groat stories of'lie pressure brought to benr by the pvctomloil Chri.st on liis dupes to ' accept liim :uiU <ret them to liand over their properly to liis keeping-, lie say S- that rceei'11 y :t man :tinl liis wife ca,iue to live \vil.li St.-liuvinJiirl.il and turned over Si-'.-'jOO. I'luiiH'.'-. Itrav.ilian Treaty.' ; WASHING TOV. Feb. 11.—Secretary Blaino. has prepared tables sliowingthe. importations iniii Kray.il of American- products -.vliirli are r.fivtirect by th'e arrangement between tlie United States and Brazil completed On February 5. Of the articles to be admitted 1o Brazil free Hie total importation into that country yearly amounts to $20.000,000, the United Slates supplying but $3,000,000. ' __. - •California, ami the Fair. SACRAMRXTO, Cal., Feb. IT. — The- House has parsed .a b'j'll appropriating- SoUO.itOO 1'oj- the California exhibit at the world's fair by a, vote of -Hi to 22. ^JACOBS OI£ GOVERNOR OF MAR^lvAND SETTS':"" IT EXECUTIVE CHAMBER.. '• ;; -1 S. Annapolis, Jttd., Jatt. 6, '>»o. " X have often need ST. JJLCOBS Oil,, and And ii a food XAntmtnt." ELIHU E. JACKSON, THE Cov ° rMd - BEST. BEECHAM'S PILLS euro SICK HEADACHE. Cents a Box. DZVCJGGISTS. OB 1 Condensed' R. R. Time-Tables, Pittrfmrg, Cincinnati, Chicago i St. Louis By (CurraiL Tims.) . . : . " Bradford Division..,. LU.nt 2:86am» ..... .EasMfn Express ...... H»»m»' 1:16 pm* ......... Jf«BtLlne. ........ l:55pm* 430 pint.... 1 . Accommodation ...... 8*0»mt 9:46 amr.MarlonAecommodatlon. 4:30 p mf . Richmond .Divisions' a m».... Night Express....... l.-OSszn* n:10 a mt ..... Accommodation. ...... 55-iamt 1-80 p m*.....T>ayExpreBB ..... ... l:25pm* liaopmt.:... Accommodation....- 2i!Upnifr Lndlnnnpolls IH vision. i 20a m».... Sight Eipress.. .."..'.• Ilsis a'ni'' 1 80 p m*....T>ayExprns*.... — liSpni"' Chicago DlTislOB. 12-40 a m*. . . - Night Express...; — . 8: 10 am" U-5pm» ........ FastLlne ...... ... 125pm- 1:47 p m* ......... ...Fast Line ............ ,lrt" P m»- 11-30 a int.... -Accommodation. ..... 4:SOpinf 7 :15 p mt ..... Accommodation. . .. .; »O5a mt State JLine Division..,.,. 1-80 p mt.'...Mall andExpre«B.:'..w:930:'» 01* • 745 a mt ........ .Express ..... .... 7:26 pm? lliBam^ ...... Local Freight ...... 11:30 ft tnt Trains marked *run dally. •-•- .--... Train 8 marked t run daflz expeptSnodw. Vandalla. Line. SOUTH BOTND; ™ Local Freight ............. _.»* ............... Bflg a m. Terre Haute Express ......................... 7:25 am Mall Train.., .......... . — — .......... •»•••• *•*) P m- SOUTH BOUND. Local FKlght.....^'......-..:.. ...... r. ...... :. BSOam Mall Train........ .......... ................ — IC.ifiani Sooth Bend Express ............ „ ............ 8:45 p m Through Freight.... .......... . ----- _..i — 8:66 pm Close connections tor Indianapolis rta Oolfu now made Dy all pur passenger .trains;— J.-C. Kdgworth, agent .-.. ..-- , > Railroad. EAST BODND. ' ' New York Expres, dally..:....: — .'.. . .- -ifS'j a. m Ft •Wayne(Pas.)Accm.,e-\cept Sunday 8:18,a m Kan City & Toledo Ex.,exceptSundaylia5 a to Atlantic Express, dally. ...... - ......... . v 4fl6 p/ 15 Accommodation Fit., except Sunday. 926 pni WEST BOUND- Paclfic Express, dally ..... ........ ...... — 7»2am Accommodation Frt., except SundayJ2-J5 p m Kan City Ex., except Sunday. ............. 3:45 p m Lafayette(Pas)Accm., except Sunday 6:03 p ro St. Louis Ex., dally. . .. ....... ............. 1032 p m Eel Biver BIT., liOgnnsport, Went Side Between Lo^HiiKport and Clitli. EAST J30U1TD. Accommodation, ex. Sunday, Leave. .10:00 a m Accommodation, ex. Sunday, Leave.. 4:40 p m WSST BOUND. ' Accommodation, ex. Sunday, '.Arrive- 8aOa-,in Accommodation, ex. Sunday, Arrive. 410 p m W ANTED a few persons In each place to do writing at home. Enclose lOc. for 400 page book with particulars to J.-H. Woodbmy, Station D New York Cl>y. ' opK.rti.mti'. Goo. JL W ANTED—An active, reliable man-salary 870 to $80 monthly, with increase to represent in nls own section a responsible New York House. References. Manufacturer, Lock Box 1585, New York. • ' ' A Chartered Connecticut Life Iasuran>)6-0o., wants a Gentleman Manager for this localltj. Agood man can make personally $2,fiOi. per year, and clear S1.00-). from L!S subs. Address. Mana . ger, Box 67, Waterhury, Conn.feoSdSt A'MOMTHcaube.mad«| working for u«. Persons ! preferred who can tarnish a horse and Rive theii I whole time to the business. Spore moments may be profitably employed also. A few vacanclw In 1 town™ and cities. B. F. JOHNSON-. 4" CO.; iOOO , . MalnSr Rrkbmond. Va inaxldly , J W ANTED—An Active Man for each, section, salary S7S to #10O, to locally represent a successful N. Y. Company Incoiated to supply Dry Goods. Clsthing, Shoes. Jewelry^etc.. to con. Burners at cost. Also a tadX-of . 3 tact. tsalary *4O, to enroll members (SlMWO now enrolled SJOO.OOO ^pald In). References i"«xeZiaag«j Empire Co-operotue Association — d)LockBox61fl. N. Y. - -

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