The Daily Spectrum from Saint George, Utah on July 12, 1990 · 15
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The Daily Spectrum from Saint George, Utah · 15

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Saint George, Utah
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Thursday, July 12, 1990
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15
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Spectrum Thursday. July 12, 1990 B 3 Decade-old deaths Bull run PAMPLONA, Spain Runners guide the bulls into Palmlona's arena during the fifth run through the city center during the San Fermin Festival Wednesday. A total of 31 people were injured of which four Spaniards were seriously injured. (AP) Ranasinghe decides to fight not negotiate with Tamil rebels COLOMBO, Sri Lanka ( AP) President Ranasinghe Prema-dasa has switched from negotiating to fighting in the 7-year-old Tamil rebellion and has gained broad public support. Thousands of people send money to a fund for soldiers' families each day and young men stand in line to join in the army. The main opposition party, which called Premadasa's conciliation a joke, has expressed support for the new policy. After three weeks of fierce fighting, however, advancing government troops are bogged down by land mines and booby traps in the east and are pushed to the wall in the north. At least 2,109 combatants have died in the new battle for control of the north and the east, where guerrillas of the Liberation Tigers of Tamil Eelam militia want a separate nation they would call Eelam. It began June 11 and ended a 13-month truce during which . Premadasa tried to talk the Tigers into laying down their arms in exchange for limited autonomy. The cease-fire had been tenuous, and the Tigers began accusing the government early in June of trying to wreck negotiations. On June 11, they overran dozens of police stations in the east and captured 850 policemen. The military says the Tigers killed at least 330 of the officers ; the rest are also feared dead. Premadasa's government established a fund to help families of the policemen and other members of the security forces who have been killed, Sri Lankans have contributed 40 million rupees ($1.05 million) to the fund and other donations have been received from Sri Lankans in the United States, Japan and Britain, the Defense Failure to enter BOSTON (AP) Unions' failure to make the same inroads in the computer industry as they have in the auto and steel industries is contributing to a steady decline among organized labor in manufacturing, a new study found. Union membership in manufacturing industries fell by 153,000 last year, according to a forthcoming report from the Grant Thornton consulting firm. That represents a 3.2 percent drop from union membership of 4.77 million in 1988 and the largest yearly decline since 1986, when there was a 3.8 percent deline. By contrast, total manufacturing jobs showed a slight increase, rising 1 percent in 1989 and 2.3 percent over the past three years, the firm said. The chief explanation is increased demand for workers with high-tech skills, said Selwin Price, who is in charge of the study. "There are fewer unions in the X'jendell ?. Wilson, mm. announces the opening of Red Rock Pediatrics Dixie Professional Plaza 620 S. 400 E. 104, St. George, UT Specializing in well-child care and diseases of infants, children and adolescents. Appointments may be made by calling 634-0055 I : .N J v ' Ministry said. No breakdown is available, but most of the money is thought to come from the ethnic Sinhalese majority that has dominated Sri Lanka since the island republic, then called Ceylon, became independent of Britain in 1948. At military headquarters in Colombo, thousands of young men have been lining up to join the army. Defense Minister Cyril Rana-tunge said 30,000 volunteered after newspaper advertisements appeared two weeks ago. "We must finish this Tamil problem once and for all," said Bandaragama Rajapakse, a 18-year-old Sinhalese waiting in line. Anura Bandaranaike, president of the opposition Sri Lanka Freedom Party, said in Parliament: "We stand solidly behind the forces today. Our hearts go out to them." Ranjan Wijeratne, the deputy defense minister, predicted the overnment eventually would e able to disarm the Tigers, which Indian peacekeeping troops spent two years trying to accomplish. "We will counterattack the rebels in small units, unlike Indian troops, who moved large columns of soldiers," Wijeratne said. Indian soldiers were sent to Sri Lanka in July 1987 to oversee a surrender of arms by Tamil guerrillas as part of an India-brokered accord between Tamil groups and the government of Junius R. Jayewardene, Premadasa's predecessor. Most Tamil militias gave up their arms, but the Tigers soon reneged and took to the jungles. The Indians followed and were drawn into a two-year guerrilla war in which more than 1,100 of their soldiers were killed. computer industry causing decline in unions high-tech area, and those that are, are not organizing as effectively," Price said Tuesday. High-tech workers "are better educated, higher skilled and management might keep them happier."' Price divided manufacturing into two categories: "low-tech, like the steel, automobile and garment industries, and "high-tech," as in computers. Rex Hardesty, an AFL-CIO spokesman in Washington, agreed that high-tech workers are harder to organize into unions. "There's no strong union tradition" in high-tech, Hardesty said. In addition, he said, many of those jobs are in the South, where resistance to union organizing is strong. Grant Thornton is a Chicago-based accounting and management consulting firm. Its statistics on unions are contained in its annual Manufacturing Climates Certified by American Board of Pediatrics Fellow of American Academy of Pediatrics New book GENEVA (AP) A new book has revived the 125-year-old dispute about whether four members of the first party to climb the Matterhorn died by accident or design. Rumors and suspicions have lingered since the rope connecting them to the three other climbers broke on the Matterhorn's north face less than two hours after the team conquered the 14,700-foot peak on July 14, 1865. They fell 4,000 feet to their deaths. The victims were French guide Michel Croz and three Englishmen: the Rev. Charles Hudson, 36; Douglas Hadow, 19, and Lord Francis Douglas, 20, whose body was never found. The survivors were British writer-artist Edward Whymper, who initiated the expedition; a local guide, Peter Taug-walder, and the guide's son. An investigation found no evidence of foul play, but police kept the result secret and it became known only 55 years later, through an article published in Britain's Alpine Journal. Early rumors, first mentioned in a Vienna newspaper, alleged that Whymper cut the rope to enhance his own fame. He said in a letter to Miners p ' s v - h r v., 1 1 DONETSK, USSR A striking miner at a rally in Donetsk, Ukraine, Wednesday shows his support for the general strike call as hundreds of thousands of miners staged a 24-hour walkout across the USSR. (AP) 238 child labor violations found SAN FRANCISCO (AP) - Children as young as 3 years old were found working in violation of child-labor laws, the U.S. Department of Labor said. The department said this week it had documented 238 cases of minors working illegally in Northern California, including one 3-year-old and two 4-year-olds found working in an onion field near Fresno during a June 6 sweep. The children were putting yellow onions in a bucket after their pa Study to be released Aug. 16. Price released portions of its findings this week. In 1984, 27.26 percent of all workers in industrial occupations belonged to unions. In 1989 that number was down to 23.84 percent. Michigan was the only state last year where more than half, 51.7 percent, of manufacturing workers belonged to unions. New York was second, with 47.23 percent. Florida was the only state to register an increase, adding 700 union members, the study found. States with the lowest percentage of union membership were South Dakota, 2.34 percent; South Carolina, 2.95 percent; and Arizona, 3.69 percent. .PAINT & DECORATING CENTER HUNTER DOUGLAS VERTICLE BLINDS FREE VALANCE AND INSTALLATION G-PC PATIO SET 42" Table Reg. $81 6 4 Chairs Umbrella DISTRIBUTING CO. INC. m,M ifajfiAjA ,(ri nil n i ' en $ga00 raises old questions about deaths The Times of London in August 1865 that none of the three survivors could be blamed for the deaths, but did not refer to the rumors. Six years later, a graphic account of the climb in Whymper's "Scrambles Amongst The Alps" added fuel to the controversy. It said suggestions that the Swiss guide, Taugwalder, cut the rope were "infamous." Whymper said such rumors persisted in the guide's native Zermatt, at the foot of the Matterhorn. Whymper's book also referred, however, to "grave suspicion" falling on the Swiss guide because the rope between Taugwalder and the nearest of the four others, Lord Douglas, "was the thinnest and the weakest one we had." This was "suspicious because it is unlikely that the four men in front would have selected an old and weak rope when there was abundance of new, and much stronger rope to spare," Whymper wrote. If Taugwalder "thought that an accident was likely to happen, it was to his interest to have the weaker rope where it was placed," he said, implying this would protect Taugwalder from being strike rents had cut off the tops, the department said in a statement. The operator of a labor service was fined $1,200 for four violations of child-labor laws, the department said. The parents and farm owner were not cited. Investigators from the department's Wage and Hour Division found most of the 238 alleged violations during a March 12-14 sting and in follow-up investigations. Most of the violations were in fast-food restaurants. The employers were fined almost $75,000. Figures for the study were based on average, annual full-time dues-paying members and gathered from financial reports unions filed with the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics. Hardesty said another factor for the decline is that many former industrial workers now earn their living in the service industry or in occupations that have no union. "We have twice as many former union members as we have union members," he said. Hardesty noted that when the AFL-CIO was formed 35 years ago, 58 percent of Americans made their living in manufacturing, mining and construction. Today that proportion is 25 percent, he said. 1 ILLS BANANA CHAIRS NEON oc FLUORESCENT 000.33 ASSORTED (.7rnr VELVETS OOO.yj 5-PC CONDO SET 36" Table Reg. $490 4 Chairs 535 North 1300 East St. George, Utah 84770 -J r ' i i fin $il92 cirapged along. More than a century later, that comment by Whymper caused Sw iss writer Hannes Taugwalder, a distant relation of the guide, to begin two decades of research. The result, "Closer to the Truth," was published just before the 125th anniversary. Taugwalder portrays Whymper as an "ice-cold," fiercely ambitious man whose education and intelligence easily allowed him to dominate the two Swiss survivors. "Of course, there were others in Zermatt who envied Peter Taugwalder, but the rumors about him started only after Whymper's book came out," the writer said in a telephone interview with The Associated Press. His book contends the guide had to use the weak rope because Whymper cut the better one shortly before reaching the summit so he could race up the last few yards. Whymper's account does not mention any cutting, but says he and the French guide, Croz, "dashing away, ran a neck-and-neck race, which ended in a dead heat." Citing the works of Sir Arnold Lunn, the late British author of mountaineering and skiing books, i PKOENIX PLAZA fi vn ,9 AXI ' IM Get One We now have Soft Ice Cream Maple Iced lSHc m Wheat $129 Phoenix r jr it, rAi i j uiiWr MAun rtinsu mjaili iTnirr rm nriim i life. goes i WM 1 ,AA ,mJ& $ jtljl m& j X, ltt imA : frte mwmmw The H TPs (Q)M r tokM 0 LzJ w VJ vdJ OFF Taugwalder wrote that Whymper once told a dinner companion he vaguely remembered cutting the rope to free him for the race with Croz. "There were two strong Manila hemp ropes, each 30 meters long," the book says. "One linked the first four descending, The other, being cut, was not long enough to tie it to the last of the four." "And Whymper insinuated that Taugwalder, who had actually no alternative, chose the weak rope because it would have saved his life in case of an accident," he said. "This was malevolent slander." 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