BLYTHEVILLE COURIER NEWS THE DOMINANT NEWSPAPER OP NORTHEAST ARKANSAS AND SOUTHEAST .MISSOURI VOL. L—NO. 132 Blytheville Courier Blytheville Daily News . Mississippi Valley Leader .Blytheville Herald BLYTHEVILLE, ARKANSAS, THURSDAY AUGUST 26, 1954 SIXTEEN PAGES Published Daily Except Sunday SINGLE COPY FIVE CENTS Cotton Curbs Said Hinging On Exports Problem Lies In Prior Hike In Imports MARIANNA, Ark. (AP) — An official of the National Cotton Council told cotton farmers here today that the duration of federal controls on cotton depends largely on foreign markets for their crops. Read P. Dunn Jr., speaking at the annual visiting day of the Cotton Branch Experiment Station, said cotton exports cannot be expanded unless United States imports are increased to make dollars available to other countries. The cotton expert, who is the council's director of foreign trade, added that "the rub comes" because "no one wants to allow the importation of competing products ...the only way to expand imports to this country." Dunn called for an import policy tosed on national interest. He said: "If we continue to discourage the importation of products which are in the least way competitive with like or similar products made at home, foreign purchasing power will go down and so will the level of our exports." Rayon Strong Foe Dunn noted the fear of some cotton growers that cotton from foreign countries will cut some of their business. But he said "the most formidable" opposition the growers have to face in foreign markets is the developing rayon industry abroad. This, he said, is caused by the drive of other countries toward self-sufficiency. Dunn listed two ways United States growers can meet foreign competition from rayon and cotton: N 1. Better quality, improved by use of better cultural practices, handling and ginning. 2. Competitive pricing, by getting more pounds of cotton per acre, and by reducing man and machine hours used on cultivation and harvesting. Visitors were taken on a tour of experimental plots at the experiment station during the visiting session this morning. H. C. Stump of the Arkansas Rice Production Association, gave a demonstration of rice cooking. Visiting day for Negroes will be tomorrow. "I WANT TO HELP" — Mike Nail, son of Mr. and Mrs. Luther Nail of 114 Magnolia, contacted Elbert Johnson, county chairman of the Emergency March of Dimes, and offered his services in helping raise the funds needed to carry on the anti-polio program. When he was told of the meager response to the emergency call for funds by the foundation, he said he wanted to help raise the money to aid the other youngsters stricken with the disease. Mike, who will be three years old in October, was stricken with polio last November and has only been home about four months after receiving treatment at hospitals and clinics. When first stricken, he was completely paralyzed. (Courier News Photo) U. S. Eases Trade Between East, West WASHINGTON (7P)—Secretary of Commerce Weeks today eased restrictions on U. S. trade with the Soviet Union and other Communist countries of Europe, but he said he doubts there will be an early increase in the flow of goods across the Iron Curtain. Commerce Department sources said Weeks' order would reduce by one-third to one-half the list of goods. between the United States 3 Problems FaceSEATO and the Red bloc in Europe. The announcement dealt only with policy — the Commerce Department is to make public later lists of specific items to be freed from embargo. Weeks' move came a day after Foreign Aid Chief Harold E. Stassen announced a similar relaxation of curbs on Red trade of friendly nations getting aid from the United States. Both officials said existing restrictions still stand on trade with Communist China, North Korea, or the Communist area of Viet Nam. And both said the new policy toward trade with Communist countries in Europe would not let slip into the East-West trade stream anything value. of significant military Shottland Sworn In WASHINGTON (/?)—Charles Irwin Shottland, former director of the California Department of Social Welfare, was sworn in today as commissioner of social security. Weather ARKANSAS — Partly cloudy this afternoon, tonight and Friday with isolated afternoon and evening thundershowers, not much change in temperatures. MISSOURI — Scattered thundershowers north and east central this afternoon locally heavier east and central; scattered thundershowers over state tonight and Friday north today and north and east Friday; not quite as hot southwest •m—u-.. j.-uwnj'. Minimum this morning— 19. Maximum yesterday—98. Sunrise tomorrow—5:29. Sunset today—6:35. Mean temperature (midway between high and low)—37. Precipitation '«?t 24 hours (7 a.m. to 7 n.m.)—none. Precipitation Jan. 1 to this date — 28.45. This Date Last Year Maximum yesterday—97. Minimum this morning—71. precipitation January l to date — (/P) — Foreign secretaries of eight nations meeting in Manila Sept. 6 to form a Southeast Asian defense organization will have three key problems to work out. Diplomatic sources said they were: 1. How far will the countries go in binding themselves to a common defense of the area. 2. What sort of pledge will they make to combat Communist subversion. 3. What sort of continuing machinery will be set up to keep the countries advised and prepared to meet emergencies. The United States and the other countries pioneering the Southeast Asia Treaty Organization (SEATO) — Britain, France, Australia, New Zealand, the Philippines, Thailand and Pakistan — have made no advance commitments, but have exchanged views on all these points. Opinions Vary Opinions presently range widely, with the Philippines and Thailand understood to be urging strong military commitments and Britain counseling more emphasis on an econmic rather than a military approach. The Philippines was said to be seeking a North Atlantic Treaty Organization type agreement in which an attack on one of .the countries would be regarded as an attack upon all ofthem . Secretary of State Dulles was understood to prefer a more limited approach: an attack on one country would be recognized as a threat to the security of all pact members. This is the principle underlying the Anzus pact, linking the United States, Australia and New Zealand, and also the defense treaty between the United States and the Philippines. Milder Formula The Anzus formula, milder than NATO, declares that an armed attack on any of the signatories would be considered dangerous to the peace and safety of all and that each nation would act to meet the common danger in accordance with its constitutional processes. Britain reportedly wants an even milder commitment than that. But the Philippines was said to feel that a treaty organization that failed to go beyond Anzus would not serve the desired purpose of bolstering anti - Communist defenses in the vital Southeast Asia See CONFERENCE on Page 5 Low Bidder Is Named For Missco Road Job An apparent low bid of $13,579 by C. P. Jones Construction Co. of Little Rock was received by the Arkansas Highway Commission today for 1.48 miles of surfacing on the Osceola-U. S. Route 61 Road along with nine other road and bridge projects totaling $1,218,515. today that six miles of Highway 18 running west from Manila be surfaced on condition that the right-of-way be provided. Cost of this work was estimated at $365,000. * Polio Case Is Reported At Calumet A three-month-old child in the Calumet community was the only polio victim reported in Mississippi County this month, according to Mrs. Anaabel Fill, county health nurse. The child is Theresa Ann Pipkin, daughter of Mr. and Mrs. Chester Pipkin. She contracted the disease Aug. 7 and was hospitalized the next day at Paragould. The case was non-para- letic, it was reported. Total number of cases reported in Arkansas thus far this year is 207 compared to 184 by the same date last year, according Blast at Reds Awsjts Okay Of Churches Democracies Also Criticized In Long Report EVANSTON, HI. (AP) — A report denouncing communism as the road to "totalitarian dictatorship" and making some criticism of democracies awaited action by Christian leaders today. The report was discussed by delegates to the Assembly of the World Council of Churches yesterday in afternoon and evening sessions. Delegates to an assembly represent 163 denominations in 48 countries. The 51-page document concerns the main theme of the convention, "Christ — the Hope of the World." Some who joined the debate stated it didn't lay enough stress on the second coming of Christ. Others contended it didn't place sufficient emphasis on the possibility of achieving justice, with Christ's aid, in this world. And some figured it didn't go far enough- in condemnation of communism as a "false hope." Archbishop Michael of New York head of the Greek Orthodox Church in North and South America and one of the six new presidents of the council, asserted: "False doctrines which are mentioned in the report, especially that of communism, threaten the whole of human existence. All of these dehumanize life. Opposing: False Hopes "It is this aspect of false hopes with which the church is primarily concerned. The danger for man which these false doctrines present appears to be sorely underestimated in the report." The "main theme" report was placed before the assembly by a coordinating committee. Submitted with it was a statement from the coordinatijg group in the nature of a report on its work and its findings. Delegate after delegate went to the rostrum to comment on the to information from health Department. the state Polio Cases Up WASHINGTON L?)—New cases of polio last week totalled 2,207, the first week this year they have gone over 2,000. However, the increase was only slightly more than 15 per cent at a season when it usually has jumped anywhere from 20 to 35 per cent each week. quibble over a word or to suggest achang e in phrasing. The night session ended without a vote. No time was set for renewal of debate and a decision. The assembly, now in the 12th day of its 17-day meeting, also will act on reports on other sub- j jects and on an over-all message before the session ends Aug. 31. A 10-page section of the "main theme" report is devoted to forms of contemporary governments and movements. Not'"Truly Man" Under communism, it states, •'happiness, justice and love are no longer possible; and man in the class struggle is no longer truly man." "The Communist doctrine of the FIRST NCPC ENTRANT — First 1954 entry in the National Cotton Picking Contest is Mrs. Charlie Krutz, last year's first place women's division winner, who signed her entry blank this morning with Kelley Welch, chairman of this year's event. Mrs. Krutz, of Route 3, has placed in the money four years out of the last five. The coming contest will be her sixth consecutive try. "I'm challenging all comers for the women's title." Mrs. Krutz said in signing her new entry form. Entry fee is S10. (Courier News Photo) Vargas' Brings Anti-Red By ROMAN JBIENEZ RIO DE JANEIRO, Brazil (AP) — Police cracked down on the outlawed Communist party today after 48 hours of riots and demonstrations touched'off by "the suicide of President Getulio Vargas. Amid increasing evidence the Reds played a strong hand in sparking the riots, aimed in part against the United States, more than 100 Communists were under arrest. One was accused specifically of burning a police car. City Planners Okay NewAddition Here Blytheville Planning Commission approved a 23-acre plat submitted by W. L. Horner at a meeting last night at McHane Monument Co. Copies of Imprensa Popular, the * Communist newspaper which publishes openly despite the ban on the party, were seized by police in Rio De Janeiro. The newspaper headlined its account of yester- d a y's demonstrations: " 'Down with Americans,' Rio residents shout indignantly in streets." A dispatch from Porto Alegre said police raided an allegedly Communist paper there and arrested the editor. This capital city's commercial life gradually returned to normalcy today. Public offices, banks and shops reopened. A few troops still were to be seen on the streets, but the heavily reinforced patrols of the past two days were called in. Seeks Finance Minister Mr. Horner said he is going to petition the city to take the addition into the city limits. He plans o develop only the southern two: blocks of the addition at this time, ! eaving the rest in acreage. , The streets of the addition will; be paved, he said. j The Commission agreed in an-' other., case^tpj-,,.recommend to thej City Counc'S'rnirt" the property ' Simon Said Set to Quit City's PC Mayor E. R. Jackson told the City Planning Commission last The Public Health Service re- j dictatorship of the proletariat has ported this today, adding that the total compared with 2,250 in the corresponding week last year and 3,501 in the similar 1952 week. Thus far .this year there have been 14,904 cases, compared with 15,954 up to this time in 1953 and 19,830 in 1952. Air Force to Cut Korea Strength SEOUL LPI — The U. S. 5th Air Force announced today plans to | pull many of its deadly Sabrejets and other planes out of Korea and shift its headquarters to Nagoya, Japan. When the Korean armistice was signed 13 months ago the 5th was flying more than 1,000 planes. Announcement of plans to base many of these planes elsewhere follows by only a few days disclosure that four of six U. S. infantry divisions now in Korea are to be wtihdrawn. Experts said the Army-Air Force withdrawal will pull at least 100,000 Americans out of Korea. led in most cases to totalitarian dictatorship in which the freedom of man is in fact denied," it says. The report says democracy is founded upon "Christian tradition" and in its basic beliefs is a "child or ste-child of Christian belief and Christian compassion." It adds: "To Christian teaching it owes, in large part, its recognition of the worth of every person, of the fundamental equality of all men as human beings, of their interdependence and of their mutual obligation to one annther. "But inequality, discrimination, injustice, reliance on naked power, exploitation and aggression are not absent from democracies." Elect Presidents Archbishop Michael and five other high-ranking clergymen were elected presidents of the council last night. The others are* Bishop Henry Knox Sherrill, Greenwich, Conn., presiding bishop of the Protestant Episcopal Church in the United States. The Very Rev. John Baillie of the Church of Scotland, noted See COUNCIL on Page 5 north of Missouri, west of Second, and south of Moultrie Drive be classified as commercial and industrial property. Bancroft Terry, one of the owners of the property, requested the classification because the property > night that he assumed Faris Sis now partially in use as such. j mon, one of the members, had re- He wanted this request in the! signed from the commission in ecords Mr, Terry said, because! reply to a letter from the mayor of development of the Farr-Allen | requesting his resignation. subdivision, "Dixie Gardens," om it was found. Mayor Jackson the east side of Second Street. ; said, that Mr. Simon may not be The plat of Dixie Gardens calls | qualified to serve on the commi- for the houses along Second Street j sion since he does not have corn- back on Second. plete citizenship papers. The addition, which lies east of the Country Club Ad-l^^fo^afe^iho^toe^new^pres- dition and west of the Frisco Railway right-of-way, when com-'""""* ""'"* " K "" f *""" •"""""""* pletely developed will consist of some 73 lots. The city map to be used by the' Mr. Simon declined comment planning commission for zoning; this morning, saying he had been classifications will not be ready i busy and has not had an opportun- for approximately 30 days, J. W. ity to discuss the matter with the Meyer, engineer, reported to the mayor. commission. During his comments to Work~ on the map was delayed, commission last night Mayor Jack- he said, because of discrepancies ; son said Mr. Simon has served in records. Work remaining to be well and has been of great value done on the map consists of titling to his office and to the commis- streets and areas, he said. j sion. Texas AF Bases jSen. M'Carthy To Prepare Censure Case Act to Prevent Pachuco Incident ister in the inflation-plagued government he inherited. He conferred with individual ministers and scheduled a cabinet meeting. After '71-year-old Vargas ended his life with a bullet Tuesday, his old friend' Oswaldo Aranha, former U.N. Assembly president, re. signed as finance minister along 'with the rest of the Cabinet. .. Aranha, who has often been mentioned as a candidate in the 1955 presidential elections, had been seeking in the past few months to steer Brazil through a dire foreign exchange shortage caused mainly by declining coffee exports. The economic straits Brazil ^as been going through had much to do with the explosive military crisis that shook the country for the past 20 days and culminated in Vargas' suicide following his military-dictated agreement to take a permanent leave of absence. The rioting crowds that took to the streets to hoot against Vargas, then began demonstrating for the i man when they found he had shot himself, cooled down today after two bloody days that left four dead and scores of wounded throughout Brazil. Body Lies in State Vargas' body lay in state in the town hall of his native Sao Borja in southern Brazil prior to burial today. The Roman Catholic Church banned religious funeral rites be- ] cause he took his own life but j thousands of devoted Brazilians i said prayers for the veteran lead- ! er's soul. ; Despite an official decree for; eight days' mourning. Cafe worked j feverishly on the task of forming ; TOISS HOSPITALITY* ENTRANT — Miss Doris Bean, daughter of Mrs. Fred Bean, will represent Blytheville under sponsorship of the Junior Chamber of Commerce, in the "Miss Hospitality." contest at Little Rock Saturday, The statewide contest is.being held in conjunction with the Philadelphia Eagles-Chicago Bears professional football game at Little Rock. Miss Bean, a junior at Ole Miss, was Miss Blyf^pv^e of 1953. (Courier News Photo) Hostility To U.S. Hit NEW DELHI, India LB— The SAN ANTONIO (.<?>— Officers of at least two Air Force bases in Texas acted today to prevent any possible outbreak of hoodlumism among Air Force personnel. Such an outbreak occurred at Chanute Air Force Base, Rantoul, 111., this week and 106 members of the tattooed toughty gang — j "Pachucos" — have been rounded up there. WASHINGTON f-Pi—Sen. McCar-! thy liam Republican plans to return here Sunday t-o take active part in preparing his defense against censure charges. Williams said he had been in — ,.i, ...;->, Mr^carthv. now vaca- his new Cabinet. He is expected j leader of India's 60 million unto select at least one member of j touchables criticized Prime Min- his own Social Progress (PSP) j ister Nehru in Parliament today party, plus a representative of the j for his insistence that coexistence At San Antonio Wednesday, Maj. tionin § ~ m California, and the sen- Gen. John H. McCormick ordered a screening of some 25,000 basic trainees at Lackland Air Force Base after it was discovered that one airman bore the Pachucos' identifying brand, a tattooed cross and halo. The Lackland gang member was 3 net intend to ask for any postponement in the scheduled start of hearings by a special Senate committee on Aug. 31. Sen. Wat-kins <R-Utah), chairman of the special six-member committee, said yesterday the group wants to finish its investigation of! nd transport. The President said he plans to ,y cabinet. He also is expected to name a new president for the Bank of Brazil, a powerful factor in carrying out the B. R. Ambedkar, Nehru's law minister until he broke with the Prime Minister three years ago, spoke up in a foreign policy debate which Nehru had launched with a call for the world to accept as the "only alternative" to a world war. This principle, said the leader Gets Support Vargas' Labor Party announced in the base stockade on an AWOL the censure charges as quickly a& | in the Senate last night that charge when discovered. ' possible. 1 See VARGAS on Page 5 Blaring Probe Hea dlines Keynoted 8 3rd Congress WASHINGTON (AP) — Blaring headlines on investigations directed by and at Sen. McCarthy (R-Wis) chronicled a spectacular segment of the record of the 83rd Congress. The big sensation was the stormy, 36-day feud between McCarthy and top Army officials. With the verdict still not in on hat one, the Senate has some un- inished business left on another growing partly from it—an inquiry Parting next Tuesday into chrrges behind demands that the Senate censure the Wisconsin senator's conduct. Other inquiries plodded on in ess showy fashion or blazed across he congressional horizon like mo- nentary meteors. the waterfronts. Three of them went unrelentingly after Communists in and out of government. The House Un-American Activities Committee tried to subpoena former President Truman and got a rap on the knuckles from President Eisenhower. Scores of witnesses took cover behind the Fifth Amendment on questions about communism. Some were fired or suspended from jobs with the government, in defense plants or in schools and colleges. Some were cited for contempt of Congress, a step toward trials in court. Immunity Reduced With so many witnesses ducking for cover under the constitutional guarantee that they need not testify against themselves, Congress passed a law to take away this immunity under some conditions. federal courts for any testimony > designed to meet criticisms that they would be compelled to give. I inquiries have spawned abuses and There was hardly a day in the j mistreatment of witnesses, last 19 months when Congress j Eisenhower, too, has stressed wasn't investigating something. If j time after time his desire for fair it wasn't vermifuge pills for the i plan in investigations although he Indochinese or ice box deaths it was the high price of coffee or gress itself to handle. has said this is a matter for Con- alleged Army coddling of athletes. Sidesteps Clashes Behind the inquiries is a story j And time after time the Presi- of conflict and controversy, and of i dent sidestepped head-on clashes jockeying at times for political j with McCarthy only by refusing advantage in a congressional elec- j to indulge in personalities or tion year. Yet the McCarthy-Army row was largely a family affair among the Republicans. And the upcoming investigation of McCarthy's conduct was set off by a,Republican, Sen. Flanders of Vermont. I namecalling. Even so, he shot some unmistakable shafts in the senator's direction. government's financial policies. In i peaceful coexistence with the Reds the middle of the recent crisis, ' Aranha took the bold step of reviving the outflow of coffee exports through an edict which in effect , . , granted extra exchange bonuses to • OI India!s Iou ' es: Caste > h *d been ' aoopted without much thought by the Prime Minister." The former Cabinet member | said Nehru has a "certain hostili- jty" coward the United States and I shows "repugnance" at anything j suggested by America. This, he i asserted, is one reason Nehru is ; against the U. S.-proposed South- i east Asia Treaty Organization | project, adding that the Prime Under pressure for a staff shake- | " isier also fears Russia ^ up, McCarthy reluctantly accepted the resignation of Roy M. Cohn as chief counsel and transferred Don- ^ ' keynote of our foreign pol- is to solve the problems of aid A. Surine to his own office other countries, but not our own," staff. On a subcommittee which has hammered away at security risks, it developed that Surine and another staff aide, Thomas Lavenia, had been denied security clearance by the Pentagon. Lavenia was kept on the payroll with an understanding he would have no access to secret information. Staff troubles, the Army hear- Some investigating committees i ings and the censure move are had internal troubles. Democrats stamped out from McCarthy's Senate Investigations just a fragment of the McCarthy saga in the 83rd Congress which has just wound up its second Furthermore, Republicans as i subcommittee when the GOP ma- j session. From time to time, the well as Democrats have produced i jority voted the chairman exclus- j senator banged away at these one major offshoot of the investiga- j ive rights to hire and fire staff tions—demands that Congress po- i members. It took months, and a Committees dug into housing-In its place, the witnesses would i lice its committees in some way i change in that decision, to get i scandals, racketeering, crime on j get immunity from prosecution m j and set up a code of fair practices j them back. targets: Lists Books Books he said were pro-Com- Sc« CONGRESS en Page i See NEHRU on Page 5 Inside Today's Courier News . . . Kenneth Fisher Lost to Tribe Indefinitely . . . Lemon Set to Squeeate Out 20 Victories Again . . . Successful Semipros Stir Local Interest in Bnseball . . . Sports . . . Pages 6 and 7 ... . . . Political Blue Chips Down in 17 States in Battle for Congress . . . Page 3 ... . . . West German Official Who Fled to Reds Blasts Adenauer . . . Page 2 ...
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