FRIDAY, SEPTEMBER .16, 1955 BLYTHEVILLE (ARK.) COURIER NEWS PAGE RE1/IEW ™° FORECAST •^y^e-i. S^ssisscr 1 -" This Business of Farming By H. H. CARTER Associate County Afeot What does It cost to pick a bale of cotton with a mechanical picker? There are four cost factors involved in mechanical picking. They are: (I) fixed picker cost, which Includes depreciation, interest, insurance and shelter on the piclter; (2) variable picker cost, including gas, oil, repairs, and labor; (3) field loss; and (4) grade loss. Fixed Picker Cost Annual fixed picker cost (overhead) may be estimated at 17 percent of the picker's purchase price — $170 per —f 1,000 — picker investment. To determine total picker investment where the picker can be dismounted and the tractor used for other work, a charge of one-fourth the tractor's value may be added to the picker's purchase price. Major items in this estimated annual fixed cost of $170 per thousand dollars . invested is depreciation, based upon an expected picker life of seven years, and interest at live percent of one-half the first cost. Assuming a first cost of $7,000, annual fixed cost would amount to $1,190. A Mississippi study indicates that a normal picking season in the Delta might be 30 to 40 days, wiih 300 to 130 bales picked with a one row picker. Assuming an average of 120 bales per season, fixed picker cost per bile would be $9.92.(f 10 for practical purposes^. Eighty bales picked per season would run the fixed cost per bale up. to $15. One hundred sixty bales would bring It down to $7.50. Variable Picker Cost Variable picker cost (gas, oil, repair and labor) may be expected to average around $8.50 per bale, according to studies in several states. The average of five studies in as many states was $8.19, with a low of $5 in one study and a high of $13 in another. A Mississippi Delta etudy showed an average variable cost of $8.81 per bale. Field Loss Testa Indicate that picker efficiency f percent of total open cotton picked) may be expected to generally range form 90 percent under less than average conditions to 95 percent under favorable conditions, for two pickings. Picker efficiency for two pickings is l!ke!> to be higher than that far the first picking, since the second picking gets some cotton left from the first.. With lint cotton selling for 33 cents per pound, seed cotton prior to picking and ginning is worth approximately B cents per pound. At this price, a 5 percent field loss (95 percent picker efficiency) would result in * cost of $12.60 per bale. Assuming »n average picker efficiency of 9S percent and a cotton price of 33 cents, field loss would ipproximate $9 per bale. Under some conditions where cotton is picked that has an appreciable nmount of unopened bolls, green bolls knocked from the plant may amount to a considerable loss. With lint cotton selling for around 80 to 35 cents, the dollar loss per acre is roughly equal to the average number of mature green bolls knocked from 12 feet of row. To estimate the greeen boll cost p«r bale, divide the per acre loss in dollars by the number of bales per acre expected to be mechanically picked during both the first and second picking. Grode LOM V Ten dollars per bale seems to be a good average estimate for grade loss. A Mississippi study 'showed an average seasonal loss of slightly over one grade from mechanical picking — as compared to handpicking. A North Carolina study showed an average seasonal loss of two-thirds of a grade. Assuming an average seasonal loss of seven-eighths of a grade, grade! oss for grades and staples commonly produced in the county, based on 1955 loan rates, would amount to about 2 cents per pound or $10 per bale. Total Pickinr Cost Using the above average estimates of $10 for fixed picker cost (120 bales per season). $8.50 for variable picker cost, $9 for field loss, and $10 dollars for grade loss, total picking cost would approximate $3t.50 per bale. (With 80 bales picked per season, per bale cost would be $42.50. With 160, bales picked, per bale cost would be 35 dollars.) How does this figure of $37.50 compare with results of actual studies made by various states? In an Arkansas study covering the years 1951 and 1952 and with 105 bales picked per season, average cost per bale was $37.50 for a mounted 1 type picker and $31.25 for a dismountable picker. In a Mississippi Delta study, 1947, 109 bales per season, total per bale cost at IMS prices averaged $39.13. A New Mexico study, 1950, 230 bales per season (high per acre yields), resulted in a cost of $38.22 per bale. In a California study, 1948-1950. 261 bales per season, average cost per bale was $33.62. In a South Carolina study, 1950. cost per bale was approximately 37 dollars where 100 to .125 bales were harvested per season. The above studies were on single row pickers and most, if not all, was for picking twice over. Costs varied widely from farm to farm and from season to season. Bales For Economical Picking? How many bales per season must j be picked to make znechanicn! picking economical? On the basis of the average pick-1 ing costs assumed in this discus- i sion and with a picker investment | of $7,000 M bales per season would ] result in a picking cost of $3 per j hundred-weight. To harvest as cheaply as by hand-picking, at $3, would require the picking of approximately 12 bales per season for each $1,000 picker investment. Management Principle In making a decision as to whether to buy a picker, total expected picking cost per bale should be considered. But once a picker has been purchased, and fixed or overhead costs already assumed, only rari- able costs (variable picker cost, field loss, and grade loss) should be considered in making any cost comparisons with hand-picking. Once a picker Is purchased, fixed cost continues whether the machine is used or Idle. Something to Think About 87 GEBTKUDE B BOLIMAN • Cunt; • Bern* Demonitratioi Ajeml A Reminder Entries fort he fair will be taken at the Women's Building, Monday morning, Sept, 19, from 8:30 to 5 o'clock, and Tuesday, Sept. 20, from 8:30 to S o'clock. Those entering baked goods should register them on Monday or Tuesday but may bring them Wednesday morning between 8 and 9 o'clock. Chorus The H. D. Chorus will meet the third Tuesday of each month at the Manila Methodist Church. Mr. Clifford King is the director. The next meeting will be held Tuesday, Sept. 20, at 7:30. 4-H Participation Two 4-H girls, Geilda Johnson and Elizabeth Brlster, will model dresses at the 4-H Dress Revue at the Mid-South Fair in Memphis. Sept. 24. Home Planning How well the "old" or conventional farm home provides for modern living needs is a question of interest to those planning new homes or remodeling old ones. And, the question is of special importance in indicating where cost may be saved by building fewer or smaller rooms with the least handicap to farm family living. To answer the question, the Pennsylvania State Experiment Station studied how 53 representative owner-operator families used the rooms in typical older homes of that state, all two-story and built before 1925. The survey showed that the three most-used rooms in these houses were kitchen, living room, and dining room. The kitchen was by far the most used, not only in time spent there but in activities carried on. Families reported using kitchens not only for food preparation and preservation, but also for eating, ironing, washing, child care, reading, sewing, keeping books, study- ing, visiting, listening to the radio, family recreation and resting. Kitchen Used Most These families averaged more time in the kitchen in summer than in winter. The larger the kitchen, the more time the family spent there. An outside door in the kitchen also increased its use. Apparently, the report says, when space is available in the kitchen, this room often is used instead of the living room. In contrast to kitchens, living rooms were used more in winter than in summer. About one-third of the families had no dining room. For those who .had, it was the least used of the three major rooms, and dining was not the important activity of the room. Though the families all mentioned using it for some 16 different kinds of activities, the dining rooms were most often used for sewing — probably because the big table was handy for cutting patterns — and for play or recreation. The survey indicates that the dining room is not an indispensable room. But if it is omitted,,the kitchen needs more careful planning to take care of family meals and other activities. On The Market Now Fods in good supply are listed below by cost per serving from low to high cost. One serving means '/2 cup fruit or vegetables, 2Va to 3 l /z ounces cooked meat, poultry or fish; 1 cup milk; 2 to 3 ounces cheese; and 2 medium eggs. Bargains (under 10 cents per serving) Porlc liver (5c), hamburger, frozen halibut, pork sausage, veal tongue, eggs. Freezing: When freezing either peaches or prunes, the quality is improved by the addition of ascorbic acid. Add '/z teaspoon ascorbic acid (1000 milligrams) for each quart of syrup. Italian Prune Conserve 2 pounds fresh prunes (4 cups, cut up) 1 lemon (juice and grated rind) 1 pound seedless raisins 3 cups sugar 1 cup walnuts . Combine all ingredients except nut meats. Cook until thick. Stir in nut meats five minutes before removing from the fire. Pour into sterilized jars and seal while hot. ATTENTION, Deep Freeze Owners We Will Slaughter Your Beef and Pork For You alto We Can Obtain the Best Beef and Pork For You In The Amount You Desire If You Do Not Hare Your Own. SLAUGHTER DAYS - Mon. & Wed. For Informal-Ion call Jo« or Orvill Gudt GUDE BROS. SLAUGHTER HOUSE S. Highway 61 Ph. 3-3458 SAVE Up To 30% ON Tractor Tires Cane & Rice and Regular BY PHILLIPS "66" GUARANTEED 1. 50 Months for Road Hazard 2. For Lift in Workmanihip See Us For Your Truck Tires R. C. FARR & SONS 400 Railroad Phone 3-4567 COTTON DEFOLIATION DOES NOT COST- By Removing the Green Leaf From the Sample. We are equipped to efficiently apply the new type liquid Defoliants. These liquid Defoliants do not depend upon the weather or moisture for their action. The Liquid Chemicals Will Defoliate Your Cotton If Properly Applied. We are introducing a new liquid Defoliant to be used for hand picked cotton and machine picked cotton that will be ginned in gins equipped with lint cleaners. This product has given us very satisfactory results. Price per acre, chemical and application -$2.75. A considerable saving in comparison with other forms of Defoliant. PLANTERS FLYING SERVICE Defoliate Cotton SPECIAL GRADE Defoliation of cotton with AERO Cyanasiiel is simple, practiced and economical. • Mafuret crop earlier— *' Kcking is easier, faster— • Cotton grade ii better lor higher proSli at the jirt— . * Stops boll rot— Also Available in Limited Quantities . .. 2 NEW SPRAY DEFOLIANTS AMINO TRIAZOLE and AMINO TRIAZOLE-S.E.X.* Ask lor leaflet! or writ* to AMERICAN Luammid COMPANY ' AGRICULTURAL CHEMICALS DIVISION Donaghey Bldg., Little Rock, Ark. We are the Oldest Distributors of AERO CYNAMID in Northeast Arkansas and Southeast Missouri. We hare the know how through 10 year* of experience. We will provide you with the advict and technical assistance so necessary to defoliate cotton correctly. THE PAUL D. FOSTER CO. N. Highway 61 Blytheville Warehouse Ph. 3-3418 WE RENT • HOSPITAL BEDS . . . BABY BEDS • ROLLAWAY BEDS • USED REFRIGERATORS • USED WASHERS WADE FURNITURE CO. 112 W. Mai* PhMt 2-2122 A NEW TEACHER OF PIANO Miss Olive Emerson Who has studied at Lament School of Music in Denver, IxmUiuu Slate University, and Philadelphia Conservatory, is now ready *• begin teaching private lessons in Blytheville. Studio at 628 W. Main Phone 3-SS90 "NINE YEARS IN BLYTHEVILLE Office in Blytheville Warehouse Phone PO 3-3721 807 Chickasawba Private Lessons in PIANO Graduate of Progresiive Seriei. St. Louis Degree American Conservatory of Music, Chicago. Classtn for all ages. ENROLL NOW Phone POplar 2-2994 SEND THEM BACK TO SCHOOL In Acrobat Shoo For Boys And Girli! W« Have Paticnct, X-Ray and Have the Sizes for Proper Fit! Famout Name Shoes Exclusively at KELLY'S In Blytheville Mademoiselle Valentine Fortunet Vogue Honey Bugs Fiiendly Kington Jarman Douglas row* MIINOIY SMOI STOKI See the Largest and Most Beautiful Selection of Fall Shoes We Hhave Ever Show* In Blytheville UM °" r <*•»«"«' UJ-AW, PU.
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