The Jackson Sun from Jackson, Tennessee on September 30, 1951 · 24
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The Jackson Sun from Jackson, Tennessee · 24

Jackson, Tennessee
Issue Date:
Sunday, September 30, 1951
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THE JACKSON SUN: JACKSON TENN., SUNDAY, SEPTEMBER 30. 1951 ' t . PAGE TWO - ' WANT ADS 7-3333 Man's Conquest Of dly Pictured Is In Vivi Wright MIRACLE AT KITTY HAWK; The Letters of Wilbur and Orville Wright. Edited by Fred C. Kelly. Farrar, Straus, and Young: $6.00. Reviewed by ARTHUR T.. EVANS. Lambuth College. This collection of letters, due to the careful arrangement and explanatory notes by the editor, forms one of the best accounts in existence of the circumstances attending man's conquest of the air. Fred C. Kelly, who is also the official biographer of the Wright Brothers, was a close personal friend of Orville during the last thirty-five years of his life, and, for this reason, is probably more intimately acquainted with the inner history of the development of human flight than any other professional writer. A study of the evidence display- ed in this volume should be enough t'j thoroughly dispel the commonly held idea that the Wrights were merely inventors, malting a practical application of principles worked out by others "inspired mechanics." as some one has wrongly called them. Credit is often given to investigators like Langley, Lilienthal. Chanute. Maxim, and Hell for having developed the science of aerodynamics, while the Wright Brothers are referred to rather slightingly as opportunists, who, coming at the right moment, fitted the new internal combustion engine onto a glider and thus got ahead of others who would certainly have done the same thing a few years later. No conception of their true place in aviation can be more erroneous. Although they had no more than a high school education and neither ever actually received his diploma, both of them, before they developed their first engine-driven plane, had become true scientists of the highest order; and the only reason that they succeeded where others failed was that they knew more about the science of flight than any other human being had ever known. It is not too much to say that every basic idea employed in aviation today was first thought out and used by these amazing brothers. In one of his later communications, Orville Wright made the statement that he and Wilbur were fortunate in being brought up in a family which gave them 'exceptional advantages." In contrast to our modern conception of advantages, however, we are not to un. derstand that they were children of the wealthy. On the contrary, their father was a Bishop In the United Brethren Church, who, while he was raising his brood of five, never received a salary of more than nine hundred dollars a year. The good fortune of the two brothers lay in having a father who encouraged intellectual effort and original investigation and never placed obstacles in the way of their search for the truth. He was immensely proud of hi sons, collecting every scrap of their writings long before they became famous, and, in letters characterized by pedantic English and ministerial platitudes, he constantly commended their activities and urged them on to greater exertions. The older children of the family were born at various points in the Mid-West determined by their father's roving ministry; but shortly before the birth of Orville in 1872 they moved to Dayton, Ohio, which later became their permanent residence. Wilbur was four years older than Orville, and they had a younger sister, Katharine, who went through Oberlin College and returned to teach in Steele High School in Dayton. After the death of the mother, she kept a home for Wilbur and Orville, neither of whom ever married. In 1892. the brothers opened a bicycle shop in Dayton, and they maintained it during the entire per. iod in which they were developing and exploiting the aeroplane. Since they not only repaired bicycles but manufactured them as well, they became highly skilled mechanics capable of constructing every feature of their planes with their own hands. ThLs gave them an Immense advantage over theoretical students, who had to depend on others to do the real work for them. Their interest in aviation was first awakened in 1895 when they read about the gliding experiments being conducted by Lilienthal in Germany. Deciding to explore the field more thoroughly, they speedily exhausted what little material was available in Dayton, and in May. 1899. they wrote to the Smithsonian Institution, which sent them all that it had of value upon the subject This was the beginning of their serious study of the art of flying. Having become convinced that the ail-important first step was to learn ON THE WAY TO PAY THOSE BILLS . . . AND BE HAPPY! It would be a happier world if people would pay you when bills are due and yon pay ethers what is due. CREDO? BUREAU OF JACKSON Edited By Emma Air Letters It thou wilt receive profit, read with humility, simplicity and faith; and seek not at any time the fame of bethg learned. Thomas A. Kempus. how to fly rather than to develop machinery, they determined to devote some time to practice in gliding and eventually picked as the filace best suited to their needs the ittle hamlet of Kitty Hawk. North Carolina, located on a long, sandy peninsula separating Albemarle Sound from the Atlantic Ocean. Here the art of human flight became a reality. The speed with which they attained their successive goals is almost breathless. Starting in the faU of 1900, in three years' time they had overturned or forced a revision of all accepted laws of aerodynamics and wrested from the birds their secrets of self-sustention and equilibrium, and on December 17, 1903, they opened the era of aviation by making the first flight in a power-propelled aeroplane. Although it lasted only fifty-nine seconds and the distance was only a few hundred feet, they had built so surely that they had no hesitation later in contracting to furnish planes which would fly cores of miles and rise hundreds of feet in the air. The next four years were spent by the Wright Brothers in perfecting their machines, securing basic patents, and attempting to arouse the interest of the government in developing them, chiefly for purposes of war, in which the inventors thought that they would have the most immediate value. Failing in this, they directed their efforts abroad wih much better success, culminating in 1908 in the series of demonstration flights by Wilbur at Le Mans, France, which captured the fancy of Europe and first made the world air minded. During the same period Orville performed his part in the United States by meeting War Department tests and thus convincing this country of the real-iy of their conquest of the air. Wilbur Wright died of typhoid fever on May 30, 1912. During the four years from Le Mans to this event, the brothers had successfully beaten off the attempts of patent infringers and unscrupulous promoters to rob them of the credit due them and of the fruits of their labor, had formed important manufacturing companies both here and a-broad in which they retained a large part of the control, and were on the way to becoming quite wealthy men. At the time of Wilbur's death they estimated their combined fortune at about a third of a million dollars. Orville survived his brother by a full generation, dying of a heart attack 6n January 30, 1948. Not many years after the death of Wilbur he disposed of his interests in the various companies, but he kept abreast of all aeronautical progress and eventually became known as a kind of Elder Statesman of Aviation. Before passing on, he had played a responsible role in the entire history of man's efforts to free himself from the trammels of gravitation, from the first feeble attempts with a glider to the modern development of the jet plane. The machine which first flew at Kitty Hawk now rests in the National Museum at Washington, which is directed by the Smithsonian Institution where the Wrights received their first substantial aid. On the placard beneath it is a critical judgment which may well go down through the ages as their best and most fitting epitaph: "By original scientific research the Wright Brothers discovered the principles of human flight. As inventors, builders, and fliers they further developed the aeroplane, taught man to fly, and opened the era of aviation." Inman Williams Rebellious Youth Finds Peace Of Mind In Japanese Prison THE WEIGHT OF THE CROSS. By Robert O. Bowen. Alfred A. Knopf: $3.50. Xvlwed br O. B. IMXRSON. University of Alabama. To say more of a first novel than It shows promise lis indeed extravagant praise for its author; yet "The Weight of the Cross" does more than that. It shows talent- Robert O. Bowen has written a powerful first novel showing the fury and terror of war. For originality of design and beauty of writing this book stands alone among the great number of war novels that have come out of World War IL Concerned with the Biblical theme of redemption of a lost soul one who has rebelled against all authority an unsympathetic father, the law, the captain of his ship, the psychiatrist at the naval hospital, the Church, and above all God himself, the novel rings true. The protagonist, Tom Daley, is a hauntingly memorable character so human that one cannot but feel great pity for his plight and a constant concern for his welfare. The war came to Tom Daley in the psychopathic ward of a Manila Naval hospital. His roommate there was a chap called Caddy, who like Daley was seeking escape from his sins and from himself. Together they flee from the hospital. Guided by the mestizo, Minook, they start out toward the American lines on Bataan determined to get into the fight. The Japs capture them, string them up for a night by their thumbs, and place them in prison camps, the last one being Butai. There six hundred Americans, all prisoners of the Japs, work at loading and unloading ships. In prison surrounded by half-starved, half-dead humans, Tom stopped struggling with himself and developed a protective love for his fellow prisoners, especially for a Filipino prisoner named Pete, the first person that Tom ever loved. Tom wore a silver crucifix which Pete gave 'him on the night Pete made an unsuccessful attempt to escape. After Pete's death the crucifix took on a new meaning for Tom. "It represented his father's blood. For now he was beginning to see in himself the same warped conscience that his father had tormented him with. He saw that it was his demand for perfect Tightness in himself, a perfect honesty, that had made him crack in the beginning, aboard the Thompson. It was his Tightness against his father's that had separated them, the Tightness of one time against another. And now in the Butai with all problems whittled down to a AUTHOR Of the Week By W G ROGERS WILLIAM FAULKNER, author of his 20th book, "Requiem for a Nun," has capped a long series of honors by winning, last year alone, the Nobel prize for literature, the National Book Award for fiction, and the William Dean Howells medal for fiction of the American Academy of Arts and Letters. Faulkner, who on Sept. 25, the day after the publication of his new work was 54 years old. was born in Mississippi, and out of the land and its people he has made the novels which have made him famous, "Sartoris," "The Sound and the Fury." "Sanctuary," "As I Lay Dying." "Light in August," "Absalom, Absalom!" A grandfather wrote a novel, a brother is a novelist, and Faulkner, after an intermittent schooling and a couple of years as a World War I flyer, was encouraged by Stark Young and Sherwood Anderson to become a writer himself. His first book appeared in 1926; he was married in 1929; he writes in the mornings, and for relaxation hunts and fishes. Best Seller List Fiction The Caine Mutiny, by Herman Wouk. The Cruel Sea, by Nicholas Monsarrat. From Here to Eternity, by James Jones. The Catcher in the Rye, by J. D. Salinger. The Iron Mistress, by Paul Wellman. Return to Paradise, by James A. Michener. Non-Fiction The Sea Around Us, by Rachel L. Carson. Kon-Tiici. by Thor HeyerdahL White Man Returns, by Agnes Acwion jveitn. Washington Confidential, by Jack Lait and Lee Mortimer. Cnme In America, by Estes Kefauver. A Soldiers Story, by Omar Bradley. Hii Eye Is On The Sparrow, by Ethel Waters and Charles' Samuels. Lord Chesterfield And His World Samuel Shellabarger. whose historical novels are very popular in this country had his "Lord Chesterfield and His World" published in England a number of years ago. In November. Little, Brown and Co.. is bringing out the American edition with an introduction by Charles G. Osgood of Princeton. simple obedience, the Tightness didn't bother him. He saw it for what it was, a disease his father had passed on in the blood. "And being that, a disease only, he no longer feared it. It was out in the open now where he could cope with it. His treatment would be bungling, he knew, but at least he could fight it. even though his efforts were as crude as the charcoal he used to fight amoebic dysentery with. And his first way of treating it was to stop thinking about it. To stop thinking as much as he could and just live from day to day and from meal to meal. And that was not very hard to do in the Butai." Although Tom tried desperately to save him by making him want to live, Gaddy gave up trying to survive and let himself die in the hospital at Bilibid. At Gaddy's death. Tom took off Pete s crucifix which he had worn so religiously since Pete's death, kissed it, and placed it in his dead friend's hand. Tom needed it no longer. He had carried its weight, learned its lesson, and now he was free, having at last found peace, peace with himself, with his God, and with his fellowman in the hellish horrors of a Japanese prison camp. With the writing of this novel. Mr. Bowen became an alumnus of Hudson Strode's creative writing class at the University of Alabama The prolixity of this class is amaz ing and its success should be a matter of national pride, its fame having spread abroad. Mr. Bowen Is now an instructor in creative writing at the University of Alabama ffxtension Center in Birmingham. Berry Fleming's Novel Published In November Berry Fleming, Augusta Georgia's man of letters will have his new novel, "The Fortune Teller" a story of an American town caught in the flood of a river that threatens ruin for the entire community, published by Lippincott in November. In the tale the town's leading citizen is caught between the immediate necessity of defeating the searches of a young newspaper reporter, who is bent on uncovering a family scandal that can bring ruin to all concerned. This is Berry Fleming's eignth novel. He has taken active part in local political reforms, and feels that the road to better government lies in constructive individual action in local government, rather than denunciations of our national leaders. The title of "The Fortune Tellers" derives from this passage in the book: "It wasn't your past alone that told your fortune; the pasts of others came into it also. The crossings of yours and theirs, that was where your future sparked, and their future. In impinging their pasts on you they told your fortune and you theirs. And every man was a fortune teller whether he liked it or not." Southern Highlands And Their People Seen In 'The Singing Hills' V For years Lillian Craig, a native of Deerfield. Virginia, has been fascinated by the customs of the nrm and women who inhabit the "Land of Nowhere" in the Southern highlands. Now, in her "The Singing Hills" (Thomas Y. Crowell: $3.00) she describes the deeply spiritual life that was theirs, as well as the humor and high-Jinks that go with pioneer living. It is more than a chronicle of simple folk. It is the story of a sensitive young woman exposed to a group of deeply religious, incredibly naive men and women from whose sound philosophy of life everyone might learn a valuable lesson. New Illustrations ' For Christmas Poem THE NIGHT BEFORE CHRISTMAS. By Clement Moore. Illustrated by Gustaf Tenggren. Simon and Schuster: $1.00. It wouldn't be fall in publishers' row if someone didn't produce a new edition of the Clement Moore classic. This time Gustaf Tenggren has used every gay color and has created angels, old Santa, Manna in in her kerchief, reindeer, rabbits, dolls, rock-a-horse and glittering Christmas trees that make the lines of the little jingle ring again and again. It just isn't Christmas without "The Night Before Christmas." Great Lakes Region After Civil War Is Setting For Novel FI?L?N J WDD by David ?3 S? G" P' PUtnam' S0ns: SeH.?1 bj ANNI HARRIS SCHNXI- The Great Lakes region of the United States, a section filled with tall trees and red ore. was the home of the Preston family in the years immediately following the Civil War. Wayne Preston, the family's adopted son. was an officer in the Army of the United States. When he returned from battle he had a dream of empire and felt that the lumber and iron of the region he loved could bring reality to his hopes. His foster father, a government surveyor, had made many of the original maps of the north country and knew where the raw materials could be found. Rufus Preston found the tall white pine and the two, along with Rufus" lawyer son Worthy, made their first financial stake. From lumbering they planned to expand to railroading and mining, but greedy Easterners wished to take over the railroad franchise held by the Prestons, and were willing to take any steps necessary to make this possible. Ambushes, i pitched battles and destruction by fire were the results. Full of action and suspense, "Fire on the Wind-' presents the ruetred men who exploited this section of the country, still virtually wild as late as the 1870's. Lumberjacks. polticians, gamblers and Indians march across its pages. Told, too, is the story of Wayne's two loves the wealthy and aristo cratic Elise Cortenay of Detroit and the beautiful Half-Indian half-Irisb, Huron O'Ferrall. David Garth has done much research into the lore of the Great Lakes country which he has woven into this book. But even more of an accomplishment, he has written a readable historical novel full of characters drawn from real life and not a single scene takes place in the heroine's bedroom. The book that he has made renders its author this service in return, that so long as the book survives, its author remains immortal and cannot die. Richard De Bury. 2 For the man or woman who wants a Cadillac, there is no satisfactory substitute in the whole wide world! So, if your heart is set on sitting at the wheel of this? great and distinguished motor car let us talk with you frankly about the matter. First of all, you should come in and place your order just as soon as circumstances will permit. There is now as there has been for many years a waiting list of wonderful people who wish to own this wonderful car. And the sooner your name joins this distinguished list the sooner your hope will be realized. And once your signature is on an order blank hold firm to your purpose. This may not be easy for temptation is almost certain to assail you! Cars without number may be had today almost as soon as you agree to accept them. And, quite naturally, 107 Poplor St. Treasury Of Stories And Poems Helps People Help Themselves LIGHT FROM MANY LAMPS. Edited and with Commentary by Lillian Eichler Watson, Simon and Schuster: $3.00. . . . Her editors were right when they tell the readers that Lillian Eichler Watson was a writer who had the ability to say things or quote things that would help people help themselves. In her Introduction the editor asks: "Where in the staggering wealth of ideas and ideals that have come down from the past can you find exactly the help, tne guidance, ana the inspiration you need today? Where in the thousands upon thousands of books, papers and records which preserve and transmit the best that man has ever written or spoken are you likely to find the words that can mean most to you now, that can have the greatest irn- act and influence on your daily ife?" With this challenge Lillian Watson used her little candle to hrnnr hi hfimi vprv far. She ffive the reader lights from many lamps of wisdom, from history, biography, literature, the scriptures and amid all this many inspirational quotations and stories from the great men and women of our own time. This is not a mere compliation of stray quotations or those listed under topics, arranged alphabetically. The editor has selected her material unusually well and arranged in in useful and attractive chapters, such as "Happiness and Enjoyment of Living" which includes John Burrough suggestion that the secret of happiness is something to do; Seneca's advice to rest satisfied with what we have or William Lyon Phelps's philosophy: "You must cultivate your mind if you wish to achieve enduring happiness. You must furnish your mind with interesting thoughts and ideas. For an empty mind grows bored and cannot endure itself. An empty mind seeks pleasure as a subistute for happiness." Other selections are grouped under such titles as: "Faith and Inner Calm", "Courage and the Conquest of Fear". "Confidence and Acheivement", "Self-discipline and the Development of Character". "Personality and Relationship to Others", "Peace of Mind". "Love and Family Life, "Hope for the Future". Between the covers of this small volume are the richest field of food for thought that this reviewer has seen in quite a while. Here is James G. Gilkey's simple method of picturing the minutes of your life in a super-busy day as the sands in a hour glass. The minutes can come through only . one at a time. The day brings many tasks, many ET A 7 etter yVait - I . i . 1 1 ill I I I - ' . -I-, '! II "" 1 MII.IIM fMII;! MIM)iMWWM'.ll , ..'I . J JACKSON MOTORS, Inc. MA Droblems. strains, but invariably they come single file."; Phillips Brooks's philosophy: "Don't wait to patch up that quarrel. Don't wait to say that kind word, to do that kind deed. The time is short and tomorrow may be too late"; Sir William Osier s philosophy sug gesting that no happiness can be found living in the past, nor in the future, but let each day s work absorb all your interests, energy and enthusiasm. The best preparation for tomorrow is to do to-day's work superbly well". Along with such short stories, biographies, quotations which include the stories of the writing of some of our beloved poems and songs such as "Let Me Live In The House By the Side of the Road" and "Nearer My God to Thee" are short gems that are not to be forgotten. Let's borrow the words of Emily Dickinson for consideration: If I can stop one heart from breaking. I shall not live in vain: If I can ease one life the aching. Or cool one pain. Or help one fainting robin Unto his nest again. I shall not live in vain". Lillian Eichler Watson has not lived in vain if the readers will open her book. It is not a book to be read in one sitting. It belongs on the table by the bedside, to enjoy small portions, to reread, to loan to a friend and hope again that you will get it back. Thomas Carlyle said: "Great men taken up in any way are profitable". There is great profit in store for the readers of "Light from Many Lamps". E. I. W. rn j nan Standard tqutpmtnt, atcuntut people who sell these available cars may ask you to shift your preference from Cadillac. But, again, we urge you to hold firm for the sake of your own welfare and your own satisfaction. Remember it's Cadillac you want. Cadillac with its universal and pride-inspiring recognition as the Standard of the World! Cadillac with such performance that owners actually think up excuses for taking to the highway! Cadillac with such amazing endurance that its full life-span has never yet been measured! t Cadillac with economy so extraordinary that few cars, at any price, will run farther on a gallon of gasoline! Yes if you want a Cadillac, come in and order it. And then stand firm until you get it. It's far, far better to wait than be sorry. Fori remember, there is nothing that can take its place. Bolivar, Prophet Of Atlantic World, Has Absorbing Story BIRTH OF A WORLD; BOLIVAR IN TERMS OF HIS PEOPLES. By Waldo Frank. Houghton Mifflin: $3.00. . Reviewed by W. O. ROGERS, the Associated Preu. - . . When he 'was 22 years old, and In Rome, married and already widowed, Caracas-born Simon Bolivar swore that he would never rest "till I have broken the chains of Spain". It was about two decades later. In 1824, that Sucre's victory at Ayacucho effectively ended Spain's claims of Bolivar's continent. Yet when the "liberator," escaping assassins who felled Sucre, succumbed to illness only six years after Ayacucho. the governor of Maracaibo could note the death of "the genius of evil, torch ot anarchy, oppressor of his father, land." Son of a rich family established for some generations in South America, with the means to travel in Europe, Bolivar had the advantage of a liberal tutor. He was a follower of Miranda's, blamed himself for the loss of Puerto Ca-bello, then turned his commander over to the Spanish, by a fluke, and was nearly trapped himself. Long a recognized authority, perhaps the North American authority on South American culture, Frank has been at work several years on the biography of this controversial figure. Separating as far as possible the legend and myth from the facts. Frank calls Bolivar "the culture hero of our continent." His account of Bolivar's able campaigns, which eventually freed half a dozen countries, as we count them today, from the Spanish yoke; and thte story of the struggles with touchy or jealous fellow rebels makes absorbing reading. But it is, finally, Bolivar the man who is emphasized. He is called the first of the Latin-American revolutionaries to be a native and indigenous, Instead of European or North American, revolutionary. You may find that the "Spanish imperial quality of Bolivar is obscured" even more for you than for this author. You will appreciate, just tile same, the fresh significance ascribed to Bolivar as prophet of an Atlantic world, as a sort of ail-American Ideal so free of racial prejudice he didn't even know what it was. A. If we encountered a man of rare intellect, we should ask him what books he read. Emerson. f orry and trim ffluttraltd art tubjttt to tkantt without nolittt Jackson, Tenn.

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