The Osceola Times from Osceola, Arkansas on August 27, 1915 · 3
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The Osceola Times from Osceola, Arkansas · 3

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Osceola, Arkansas
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Friday, August 27, 1915
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3
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1 V THE OSCEOLA TIMES, OSCEOLA, ARK., AUGUST 27, 1915 PAGE THREZ) until sia t f LOW FARES TO California ACCOUNT PANAMA-PACIFIC EXPOSITION At San Francisco, and PANAMA-CALIFORNIA EXPOSITION At San Dlego Now Is the time to make that long-planned trip to the West. You will never get a lower rate than we are now quoting, and California, with its two Expositions, otters greater attractions this year than ever before. Ask the Frisco agent about fares and train schedules; then write me for our beautifully illustrated map folder entitled "The West In 1915." No charge for it. A. HILTON Passenger Traffic Manager St. Louis DR. EDWARDS EYE, EAR.NOSE AND THROAT SPECIALIST of Union City, Tenn., has opened PERMANENT OFFICES in the 1233-91-35 MEMPHIS TRUST BUILDING MEMPHIS, TENN. Free Test For Glasses W. WATHEN PREWITT Attorney at Law Taylor Gladish Building Office Phone 1S5 Res. Phone 129 DR. C. M. HARWELL General Practice Office Hours: 10 to 12 a. m. Sunday's, 10 to 11 a. m. Phones: Residence, 108; Oftce, 109 DR. V. J. ANDRE Veterinary Surgeon Treat all diseases of Domestic Animate Osceola, Ark. Phone 79 A. F. BARHAM Attorney at Law Solicitor in Chancery Opera House Bldg. Osceola, Ark. H. C. DUNAVANT, M. D. Physician and Surgeon Office la Taylor-Gladish Building Rooms 6 and 7 VIRGIL GREENE Lawyer Rose Bldg, Osceola, Art. A. D. HELTON Attorney-at-L aw Bank of Osceola Building JAMES N. H. WOODRUFF Real Estate ATHELSTAN ARKANSAS FLOYD P. TRAVIS DENTIST Phones Office No. 94 Residence No. 4. D. F. TAYLOR Attorney at Law Practice la all courts of Arkansas Office, Taylur-Gladisu Bldg., upstairs Osceola Arkansas J. T. COSTON Attorney at Law Office upstairs, three doors west of Postoffice R. C. PREWITT, M. D. Physician and Surgeon Special attention to diseases of women Offiice at Residence Phone 36 DR. THOS. 0. BREWER General Practicioner of Medietas And Surgery. HOURS 10 to 12 a. m.: S to 5 and 7 to 8 :30 p. m. . SUNDAYS 10 to 11 a. ra. and 2 Phone8:-Office fiesidence 1. Special Attention given to Elec tro-Therapentica Our Advice ls:V When you feel out of sorts from constipation, let us say that if , do not relieve you; see a physician; because no other home remedy will. Sold only by us, 10 cents. - J. B. Mitchell. t rn!e marks n! ipyriirMs ot.tnirnf I wi fee. Send moiM. k,4rlM or fix anu de- -j rrijition for FREE SiARCH " C on Mtntalilitjr. rank nfen'lKi. 3 Jon. Our free UxS;!-Kt. ilium, what tulnrait and tare oa money. Writ today. D. SWIFT & CO. PATENT LAWYERS, a e 1 i e4 iif l: n r UK ARKANSAS (Concluded from page one) not far from Osceola, where I live, that produced two tons per acre for the entire field at one cutting this year. This, however, was the first cut ting, and the subsequent cuttings have averaged between 1 1-4 and 1 1-2 tons per acre. Rice is grown successfully in 26 counties of the state. Some farmers have grown as high as 100 bushels per acre. Fruits, consisting of apples, peaches, grapes, strawberries, plums, etc., are grown successfully in several counties in Northwest Arkansas. The famous "Arkansas Black" took the first prize at the World's Fair in St, Louis in 1904. As already stated, if you once live in Arkansas and find out who the people are and what they are, and get acquainted with the country and get' a little of the Western spirit into your blood, you cannot be con tented in Tennessee or elsewhere. In 1909 the Legislature passed a drainage law, which has been pro nounced the best in the United States by experts. The result is that mil lions of acres of the most fertile lands in the state are being properly drain ed and brought into use. Following 'the passage of this drainage law there came a demand for a road law siml lar to it authorizing the building of roads. The last Legislature passed such a law, and since the passage of that law only a few months ago road districts have been projected for the purpose of improving and building over a thousand miles of hard roads to consist of concrete, macadam and other like substances. In a few years the people of Memphis will get in their cars and visit the capitol city of Arkansas for a picnic or holiday occasion. It is' also going to result in a most unprecedented raise in land values. If you want to make money quick and fast, buy land now in one of these road districts in Arkansas. Our people are brave, hospitable and full of the Western spirit. They are a big people; they have big ideas; they think big thoughts i they deal in big figures. If you have a business transaction with one of- them you don't have to cut a penny in two with a cold chisel to make even change, Do you know what the Western spirit is? You can't describe it. You l.eve to tcel it. If you move out west and get a little of it in your system you will never live east of the Missis sippi river. Some years ago a negro was convicted of a felony in the courts of our county for violating some of the criminal laws, and his sentence to the penitentiary was suspended on condition that he leave the state and never return. He agreed to leave, the judge admonished him that if he ever returned to the state he would send him to the penitentiary for at least five years. He disappeared, but returned to the state before the next term of court and was arrested. When he whs brought before the judge the judge said to him, "What do you mean by coming back to Arkansas? Didn't I tell you I would send you to the penitentiary if you ever came back here?" "Yas sah, Mr. Jedge, you sho did specify them very words to me." Well, what did you come back for, then?" Well, I'll tell you, boss, how it is. I went over yonder to Tennessee and stayed there two months, and I studied this thing over and just decided I would come back here and go to the penitentiary for five years." I know it will surprise many of you when I tell you that Arkansas produces 144 minerals as follows: Prof. John C. Branner, who made the original geological survey of Arkansas, is quoted as making the statement that Arkansas is the richest state in mineral reources of commer cial value of any state in the Union, not excepting the state of Pennsyl vania. Arkansas produces 4-5 of all the bauxite mined in the United States, and 34 per cent of the entire output of the world. This is the mineral from which aluminum is manufactured, and many other articles of gener-products. al use are manufactured from the by- The government reports say that Arkansas contains 1S00 million tons of coal of which only one million tons is mined annually. It also contains some very valuable lead and zinc mines, Most of which are undeveloped. There is also an abundance of man ganese, soap stone, pyrites, tripoli, cement, Kaolin, lignite, phosphate, noraculites, and last, but not least, diamonds. When I speak of Arkansas diamonds in this connection I do not refer to the cheap imitations sold at Hot SDrinES as souvenirs to the tour ists. I refer to the genuine diamonds which have been mined and sold for the last four or five years and are now being mined in Pike County. These are the only diamond mines of value in North America. The diamonds found in Pike county have stood the test and have been pronounced by experts as equal or superior to anything discovered in South Africa. The story goes that a good many years ago a man left Tennessee with his young wife to seek his fortune In the west and he landed in Mississippi County, Arkansas. In the course of time he raised a family and about the year 190S his father died back in Tennessee and he felt it was his duty to go back and take care of his old mother. About that time his little five-year-old girl heard him read in the paper how one of Tennessee's brave soldiers and leading lawyers was lynched by a band of outlaws. A few weeks thereafter she heard him also read in the papers how the most bril liant man ever produced in the South was assasinated in the streets of your capitol city. These two incidents made a profound impression on the little girl's mind, and when the time came to move and she had to leave the neighborhood she went around and told all the little boys and girls good bye, she then went out in the lot, bade the horses good bye, the cows the sheep and the hogs. Finally she told the old dog good-bye, and then, lifting her eyes toward heaven, she said, ''Goodbye, God, we're going back to Tennessee." A paper on Arkansas would be in complete if we did not mention the new State Capitol built in recent years at a cost of something like two mil lion dollars. This capitol is one of the most beautiful buildings in the United States. In fact, it Is much more beautiful than the capitol building in Washington, D. C. It is a source of pride and a monument to the patriot ism of every proud citizen of the state, I know after going through the mag nificent capitol of Arkansas and I walked through the ruins and musty old building that you call tne Capitol Building in Nashville, it makes me wonder that the representative peo- pie of Tennessee will longer submit to the use of such a building as a cap! tol. A paper on Arkansas would also be incomplete if we did not mention her mineral waters and health resorts, such as Manmoth Spring, Eureka Springs, Heber Springs, Hot Springs, and many others that could be men tioned, is especially good for people suffering with Bright' Disease, and it is a well known fact that when the doctors have exhausted all their re sources, as well as your pocket book, they send you to Hot Springs to be cured, no matter what is the matter with you. The water at Hot Springs is some thing more than just ordinary hot water. If you were to take a bath, or attempt to take a bath, in ordinary water at the same temperature that you can take a bath in Hot Springs' water you would be scalded to death before you could get out. This is a peculiarity of the water that I have never heard satisfactorily explained, but it is a well known fact. There i3 an interesting legend about the discovery of Hot Springs. The story runs that an old emigrant and his numerous family who reached the age of discretion decided he would leave his home in Tennessee and go to a more fruitful field. Having pass ed through the poverty stricken district of Mississippi and over Eastern Arkansas he finally reached the foot hills of the Ozarks out of which flow Hot Springs. Striking a little stream of water a mile below Hot Springs he concluded to water his mules. For some cause or other the temperature of the water did not appeal to the animals. The old negro, having a thirst for water after a jug of East Tennessee moonshine gave out, sought to quench the thirst from the depths of the water. Lifting the old-fashioned gourd to his parched lips and discovering the temperature was 1S5 degrees, the old man shrieked with terror and yelled to his son to drive on in a hurry that hell wasn't a hundred yards from that place. Arkansas is not understood by the people of other states "The Arkan sas Traveler," "The Slow Train Thru Arkansas," and a few books published by Opie Reed, in which Arkansas is made the butt of the joke, have given the public at large an erroneous impression of the state. Many people away from Arkansas look upon it as a storm-center of illiteracy, ignorance and crime. We have some crime in Arkansas, but nothing like the public generally believes. I have lived in Osceola nearly fifteen years; it is a place of between 2,000 and 2,500 inhabitants, and during that time there has not been as much house breaking and burglary in the town as there has been in the classical precinct of Monteagle, the hub of Tennessee cul ture, in the last twelve months. It is said that "comparisons are odious," but I know of no better way to make the people who don't live in Arkansas, and therefore do not understand the state and its people, appreciate it better than by comparison. For instance Arkansas is now spending, and has spent for many years past, more money per capita for the education of her children than Tennessee, Kentucky and other states east of the Missis- sissippi. Some of you will be shocked when I tell you that according to the last census the percentage or illiteracy among the white people is much less in Arkansas than it is in Kentucky and Tennessee. According to the 1910 census the percentage of illiteracy in Tennessee 21 years of age and over is 11 5-10 per cent among the native white people. In Arkansas among the native white people the percentage of illiteracy in 1910 was only 7 7-10 per cent, which is less than half of the percentage of illiteracy in Louisiana, less than Alabama, only a little over half of that in Kentucky, only half of North Carolina, much less than South Carolina, and less than West Virginia. Many state can boast of greater universities than Arkansas but a great university does very little good for tha people at large unless you have a good public school system. It is the public school system in Arkansas that is bringing it to the front. Only in recent years the constitution was amended so as to authorize a levy of seven mills tax for school purposes only, and it is only a question of a few years when it will be amended to authorize a levy of ten or twelve mills tax. In addition to the tax we have the revenue from the sixteenth sections. Perhaps some of you do not understand this. The Act of Congress admitting the state to the Union set aside the sixttenth section in each township containing 36 sections for school purposes. The law provides for the leasing out of these sections, or parts of sections, having it cleared up, and then it provides for renting it after it is cleared. I know some Bchool districts in Mississippi County where it has not been necessary for them to levy a school tax at all, the revenue from the sixteenth- section being sufficient for school purposes. From June 30th, 1908, to Jnne 30th, 1914, Arkansas increased her pnblic school property from $4,856,856.00 to $11,950,315.00 an increase of nearly 200 per cent in six years. While it is true that many states outstrip us with their colleges and universities, Arkansas is not ashamed of her showing in that respect. Arkansas University, located at Fayettville Ark., affords ample opportunity for any ambitious young men to get the very best university education. Galloway Female College, of Searcy, is a Methodist institution well equipped for the education and developement of christian character in the young ladies. Hendrix College and Central College located at Conway; Ouachita end Henderson-Brown at Arkadel-phia; Arkansas College, at Batesville, are a few of the fine institutions of learning where the young men and the young ladies of Arkansas can get a finished education under the best moral and religious influences. Five years ago the Legislature pro vided for the establishment of four agricultural schools in the state. The first year they had an enrollment of 873 students, the third year they had 1422, and the fifth year they had 3279. The tuition, is free, and pehaps nothing has been done in Arkansas that means so much to all of the people as the establishment of these agricultural schools, all of which are provided with the very best teachers that can be obtained. Before leaving the subject of edu cation I want to say that many of our best teachers in Northeast Arkansas are natives of Tennessee. In fact, I heard a lawyer say at a meeting of the Tri-State Bar Association at Memphis a few years ago that every Arkansas lawyer that had a family had married a Tennessee school teaches. In this connection I wish to say that we still have a few old bachelors who are waiting for the right girl to come along. Arkansas has produced many great men, but most of her great men have never been heard of beyond the confines of the state. There are lots of great men in Arkansas today in private life men who are equal to any emergency. On account of the time already taken in discussing the resources of Araknsas I can give only a passing notice to three of her most distinguished sons. Augustus H. Garland filled practi cally al! the offices within the state. He was a delegate to the Confederate Congress and when democracy came into power President Cleveland called him to his Cabinet, and for four years he filled the office of Attorney General of the United States. At the conclusion of his term as Attorney General of the United States he remained in Washington in the active practice of law, and literally died in the harness. On the 26th of January, 1S99, he concluded an argument before the Supreme Court of the United States with these words: "This, your honors, is our contention." And immediately fell to the floor and expired. He was a man of sterling in tegrity and was universally loved by the people of Arkansas. In his funeral oration the Rev. W. E. Thompson used the following language: "How poor would this world be with out its graves! And from today there is a new one to elict our interest the grave of one who filled a large space in public affairs in the nation and the state, and who, conscious of his own personal rectitude, drew around himself the cloak of high resolve and serenely walked the highway of his own self-respect." Perhaps no man ever rendered a more conspicious service to his people than did Gov. Baxter, who, by the way, was a brother of Judge Baxter who was formerly a Federal Judge in Tennessee. Perhaps no state In the Union suffered more than Arkansas on account of carpet-bag misrule and depredation. Bogus bonds wero issued by the carpet-bag government and the people were plundered in a most cruel and unmerciful manner. Gov. Baxter was a Republican and so was his opponent, Brooks. Both of them were elected on platforms promising a restoration of the ballot to disfranchised Democrats, and other like reforms. For some cause or other the Democrats cast their lot with Baxter. After his election he proceeded to carry out the pledges made during his campaign' by appointing many Democrats to official position. This very much displeased his Republican followers who pointed out to him that to appoint Democrats to office and remove their disabilities would result in ultimately turning the state machinery over to the Democrats. Although he was a loyal republican, he made this rtply: '.'I very well understand that to enfranchise the Rebels will place the control of the State Government In the hands of the Democratic party, and if you do not wish this to be done, you should not have pledged me and the party that elected me to this cause. For myself I prefer to give an honest administration for four years and retire to private life under circumstances that will be creditable to myself and the party that elected me than to retain the control of the state for a lifetime by pursuing a different course." This was the beginning of an estrangement between Baxter and his party supporters which soon led to far reaching results. In the meantime Brooks, his former competitor, had not ceased to urge his claim to election to the office of Governor. He contested Baxter's election before the legislature without result. He then tried the Federal Court in vain. He then applied to the State Supreme Court with no better success, the Court holding, of course, that the Legislature was the sole and only authority to act on the case. Finally he brought suit in the Pulaski County Circuit Court claiming the office. A strange ararngement had taken place while these proceedings were in progress. Seeing that Baxter in his administration as far as had been conducted had shown a disposition to be fair to all and to carry out his pledges, and especially when lie refused to sanction the unlawful issue ot bonds, which his Republican brethren urged him to do, the Democrat feeling rallied to him. While this UNIVERSITY OF ARKANSAS Offers full courses in Agricultural, Engineering, Fine Arts, Liberal Arts, and Normal Work. Gives excellent preparation for technical and professional work. Its graduates are admitted to full standing in the best postgraduate schools. The University has a strong faculty of more than soventy-flve specialists. The town of Fayetteville is almost 1500 feet above sea-leteL The climate and healthfulness are unexcelled in the United States. For full information and catalogue, address President the University, FayettevUle, Arkansas Hike Our Hotel Year Hotel Majestic Hotel and Bath House THE FAMILY HOTEL HARRY A. JONES, Manager HOT SPRINGS, ARKANSAS Why Arkansas Boys and Girls Attend Hendrix College BECAUSE Her $300,000.00 Endowment gives stability and permanenee, commands and keeps a strong faculty; provides first class equipments. BECAUSE Hendrix places women students on the same plane as men students. BECAUSE Of ber comprehensive system of safeguarding the health of students; medical inspection of buildings; physical examination of students and free medical attendance. BECAUSE Her students maintain vigorously all forms of student life literary societies, Y. M. C A., athletics, student publications and musical organizations, band, orchestra, glee club. BECAUSE Of her high standing at home and abroad, lofty Christian ideals, high standards of scholarship: personal attention to individual students, championship with high schools of clean athletics, central location and moderate expenses. For further Information address The President's Office Conway, Arkansas e. - el -5- We Keep Everything That Should Be Found in a Well Equipped Drug Store C. li. GAYLORD Headquarters for Everything You Need in Drugs and Medicines Druggist Sundries, Paints, Oils, Stationery and School Supplies PLAIN TALK BUT THE TRUTH -I-4 I at? A.' K4 proceeding was pending the Circuit Judge, upon an unimportant plea in the case, rendered a decision declaring Brooks to be governor and entitled to the office. At once Brooks proceeded to the State House with a handful of his followers and forcibly ejected Gov. Baxter from the building. Thereupon Gov. Baxter issued a proclamation declaring the state under martial law. The people flocked to his support from all parts of the state, but after a few skirmishes and the loss of a few lives President Grant recognized Baxter as the lawful governor of the state and the disturbance-subsided. During Gov. Baxter's administration a new Constitution was made and election laws were passed which granted the Democrats a fair count, which has been demonstrated in every election since. Arkansas is the home of the late U. M. Rose, a scholar and statesman. Judge Rose was one of the great lawyers not only of Arkansas but of the United States. Cultured, refined and modest as a woman, with a titanic intellect, he was a general favorite wherever he was known. Judge Dil-lion, after being thrown with him on numerous occasions at long intervals, pronounced Judge Rose the most cultured man he had ever known. He loved his profession, and I heard him state only a year or two before he died, while attending the Arkansas Bar Association, that during his more than half a century experience in the practice of law he had never had a serious misunderstanding with a brother lawyer. President Roosevelt visited Little Rock in 1907 and he was so impressed with the ability and fitness of Judge Rose that he selected him as Minister to the Hague where for several years he was recognized as one of the most profound students of political economy and one of the strongest forces in the world for universal peace. Let us indulge the hope that when the bloodshed and carnage now going on in Europe shall pass away that the fires of civilization may again be kindled and the white wings of universal peace spread over our trouble! land, and when the time shall come, among the great men who will bring about that happy result will stand U. M. Rose, of Arkansas, along with W. J. Bryan and W'oodrow Wilson. To me it is a great pleasure to return to my native state and speak of the greatness of my adopted state, and while we love Arkansas we love to return every now and then to the land of our birth which we love S' well. TREATMENT and Drugs Thtrtr-flvs raera experience sad W0.0M owes, Patients recdred day and nkht. Coweipoaae eoo&Untial. Locj DUtaoo Pboo W. 702 Park Arimu HOT SPRINGS. AWL - My t

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