The Courier News from Blytheville, Arkansas on August 24, 1954 · Page 1
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The Courier News from Blytheville, Arkansas · Page 1

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Tuesday, August 24, 1954
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BLYTHEVILLE COURIER NEWS THE DOMINANT NEWSPAPER OP NORTHEAST ARKANSAS AND SOUTHEAST MISSOURI VOL. L—NO. 130 Blytheville Courier Blythevilie Daily News Mississippi Valley Leader Blytheville Herald BLYTHEVILLE, ARKANSAS, TUESDAY, AUGUST 24, 1954 TEN PAGES Published Daily Except Sunday SINGLE COPY FIVE CENTS Dulles Says: U.S. Justified China Islands Secretary Says Question Is One for Military Men WASHINGTON (AP) — Secretary of State Dulles said today American forces would be justified in defending some Nationalist-held islands between Formosa and the Chinese mainland from any Communist attack. Dulles told a 'news conference it would be up to American military leaders to decide which islands in addition to Formosa they want to defend as part of their overall strategy for aiding the Chinese Nationalist stronghold. Dulles spoke up in the face ot" talk by Peiping of "liberating" the island of Formosa, now held by Chiang Kai-shek and the Chinese Nationalists. U. S. leaders have been inclined talk. to discount the Peiping President Eisenhower already is Anti-Red Bill Signed By President History-Making Measure Also Involves Unions DENVER (AP) — President Eisenhower today signed legislation outlawing the Communist party. The history-making measure the President approved at his vacation headquarters here also is designed to crack down on Red-infiltrated labor unions. Eisenhower signed the bill in hit, tiny second-floor office at the Lowry Air Force Base administration building. The President's decision to approve the bill with its outlawing provisions, for which the administration did not ask, was announced by Press Secretary James C. Hagerty at Eisenhower's vacation headquarters here. Administration doubts about the bill—revised before it passed o overcome a principal objection- were based on concern as to whether it would make "propaganda martys" of Reds in this country and drive them further underground. New Weapons Cited In his radio-television address last night on the record of the Republican 83rd Congress, Eisenhower did not disclose whether he would sign the bill. He did say the administration has had to forge "new weapons in order to defeat internal communism." "The great thing we wanted to do was to find effective means of eliminating the Communist or the subversive from any point where he could possibly damage us, but to do it by constitutional process . . .," he said. The goal, he said, has been to make certain that anyone questioned about communism "would be protected also." The bill outlawing the Communist party overshot the administration's mark on anti-Red legislation when an election-bound Congress enthusiastically passed it on the last day before adjournment. The vote: Senate, 79-0; House, 2652. It was an unexpected offshoot of a bill, requested by the administration, to strip Communist-infiltrated unions of rights before the National Labor Relations Board. Republican congressional leaders succeeded only in ( the closing hours in removing a Democratic- sponsored provision which would have made individual Communist party membership a crime punishable by imprisonment for five years and a $10,000 fine. Veto Warning The provision was killed in a Senate-H o u s e conference See REDS on Page 7 on record as saying the U. S. 7th Fleet would protect Formosa from a Red attack. Dulles appeared to be extending this line of reasoning by including some of the smaller Ghiang-held islands near Formosa, Regrets EDC Situation In talking about Europe, Dulles told newsmen he deeply regrets France's unwillingness to agree with five other Western European countries on the European Army plan. But he said he has not given up hope France will ratify the European Army agreement when "it confronts the ultimate decision." In answering questions, Dulles also made these otoer points: 1. He tentatively plans to leave next Tuesday for Manila to represent the United States at the Southeast Asia alliance conference and to confer with Filipino leaders about defense problems in the area. He may stop off briefly in Japan and Formosa on his way home. 2. He refused to say whether Britain and the United States definitely plan to go ahead with a program to restore West German sovereignty should France fail to approve the European defense project. 3. He deeply regrets the death of Brazilian President Getulio Vargas. Dulles said he has sent a message expressing his profound sympathy to the Brazilian foreign minister. 4. Plans for dealing with possible subversion and arrangements to better economic conditions in the region will be considered at the i Southeast Asia defense conference in the region will be considered at the Southeast Asia defense conference opening in Manila Sept. 6. No Details He declined to spell out any precise ideas on this point but said two treaties—one dealing with military problems and the other with economic arrangements—might be possible to bring in nations which would not joint a military alliance. In discussing the reports from Peiping about a possible invasion of Formosa, Pentagon sources said no serious evidence has" shown up in intelligence reports that would indicate an imminent attack on the Chinese mainland. Dulles said the basic instruction to the 7th Fleet is to defend Formosa against any Red Chinese attack but noted that there are a number of other islands held by Chiang and said defending some of these may be so intimately connected with the defense of Formosa that the military would be justified in defending them. Dulles reported he plans to take no part in the election campaign this fall but that he Has tentatively scheduled two foreign policy speeches before groups he called "nonpartisan national organizations." He opened his weekly meeting with reporters by reading a statement in which he recalled that it was 10 years ago today that he conferred with former Secretary of State Cordell Hull to develop a bipartisan foreign policy. He said this feeling of nonpartisan support has been the Democrats and "I feel that the Democrats have been similarly cooperative during the Eisenhower administration." "We have, I believe, developed a national policy of stability and continuity such as is needed in these dangerous times." FOUR KILLED AS STREAMLINER DERAILS — This is an airview of the crack streamliner Santa Fe Chief after it derailed just east of Lomax, 111., while en route from Chicago to Los Angeles. Of approximately 200 passengers, four were killed and 53 were listed as among the injured. Only the locomotive and a mail car held the rails, the rest zigzagged along the track, some crashing into a parallel string of refrigerator cars on another track. All remained upright except one, the car which contained most of the victims. (AP Wirephoto) McCarthy Censure Charges DueToday WASHINGTON (AP) — The charges on which a cen- ( sure resolution against Sen. McCarthy. (R-Wis), .may stand-or i fall will be made public today by a special Senate investiga- Ike Plugs GOP Record; Suicide Comes After Forced To Resign tion measures. "Now, 54 of into law," he added always make home runs, but any-! going in any league." DENVER (AP) — President -Eisenhower told the nations* voters last night the Republi-1 By STANFORD BRADSHAW can 83rd Congress chalked up a fine record toward assuring a stronger, better America. Hej HIQ DE JANEIRO (AP) — urged them to remember that when they go to the polls in the November congressional ] Brazil's old iron man, Getulio elections. 'Vargas sent a bullet'through In a nationwide radio and tele-, to bat _64 times in Congress in j way we did have 54 hits. Some of j vision address, the President sound- behalf of enactment of administra- j them aren't quite all that we want-! ed an optimistic note about the security of Western Europe in the face of collapse of European defense army talks at Brussels. "Don't be too discouraged," he Said. The great statesmen of Europe are his friends, he said, and "they want peace as much as you and I do." "They are not licked yet," he said. "And we are certainly not licked. Let us not lose faith in them'. There is still something to be done in that region, and we are going to do it." Spoke from Studio The rest of the half-hour address was exclusively a plug for the administration and the record of the GOP-run Congress which wound up last Friday. The President, vacationing here, spoke from a Denver TV studio. He talked from notes on cue cards in front of the cameras, stood in front of a desk on which he leaned part of the time, and occasionally drove his left fist into his right hand to emphasize points. He was flanked by the American flag and the presidential banner. His warm praise for the GOP- controlled Congress—in which Republicans held only a slim majority over Democrats—dealt with enacted legislation which he said would, for example, cut taxes by nearly 7% billion dollars, expand ting committee. 20 Men Given Draft Tests 30 More Due to Get Exams September 2 Twenty men were sent to Little Rock today for pre-induction physical examinations by Mississippi County Draft Board No. 47, according to Miss Rosie M. Saliba. clerk. The call was for 30 men, of which nine transferred to other boards, three failed to report and two reported who had failed to report previously. Next call will be for physical examinations for 30 men on Sept 2. Those leaving today were,; James T. Stanley and Cloyd L. Marshall, both of Chicago, 111., W. •* Sen. Watkins (R-Utah), who will preside at the public hearings, announced he has about completed the task of selecting from a list of 46 specific accusations the ones the senators will study first. It is generally believed these will constitute the backbone of the inquiry. Watkins said he planned to hand the list of ''initial" charges to Edward Bennett Williams, McCarthys lawyer, today and then make the list public. Start Aug. 30 Watkins heads the special group nemed by the Senate to report on a resolution of censure offered by Sen. Flanders (R-Vu. Flanders and Senators Fulbright (D-Ark) and Morse (Ind-Orej have filed a list of 46 specific charges, a number of them overlapping, ranging from allegations concerning McCarthy's financial affairs to accusations that he ridiculed fellow senators. The six-man committee plans to start hearings Aug. 30—the • same after Inside Today's Courier News . . . Large Chick Squad Moves Through Pre-Season Drills , . . Seniors Missing at U. of A. ... Vital Series Seen for Milwaukee . . . Lions' Manager Tells Why Pros Kill That Split-T Stuff . . . Sport* . . . Pages 4 and 5 ... . . . Pour Bills by Congress Put Foundation Under President's Economic Program . . . Second In a Series on The 83rd Congreftt . . . Page S . . . . . . Caatlon, Calmness, Hem•on . . . Editorials . . . Page * . . . Quail Restoration To Be Discussed Quail hunters interested in an effort to improve Arkansas hunting will convene tonight in Municipal Courtroorh .n City Hall at 8 o'clock. Gus Albright, outdoor editor of the Arkansas Gazette, will be on hand to show a film on quail restoration. its report on the McCarthy-Army Smith of Burdette; L. V. Lawless of j day the senate Investigations sub- Jomer; Willis R. Richards of Ben- I committee has set as a deadline for ton Harbor. Mich.; Gozzie Benson of Steele, Mo., J. C. Moore, Robert Harris, Richard H. Daniels and Elbert Z, Thurman, all of Blytheville, Dexter Davis and Jimmy Griffin. row. Sen. Mundt (R-SD), who presided during the 36 days of hearings on misconduct charges McCarthy I in his pal, ec. but that after ail is a batting i ace today after 58 generals them w-ere enacted j average of .830, and any baseball [ forced him to quit as presi- idded. "We did not j fan will tell you that is pretty good dent. "To the wrath of my enemies I leave the legacy of my death," said a note left by the 71-year-old chief of the French Pressed For EDC Decision PARIS (AP) — French Premier Mendes-France wrestled today as a cross-fire of demands mounted in his own countrv presidency at dawn and shot for acceptance or rejection of the controversial six-nation de- * world's fourth largest country- "I take the sorrow of not being 1 able to give to the humble all that I wished." Vargas stepped down from the fense treaty. Mendes-France flew back to , chief French backers. meet his Cabinet today after a hurried conference in Britain yesterday with British Prime Minister Winston Churchill. The Premier reported last night to French President Rene Coty at the Normandy resort of Bagnoles de L'Orne, filling the President in on his secret talk with Churchill and his failure at the six-nation Brussels conference to get approval of the sweeping revisions he demanded in the European Defense Community pact. If Churchill and Mendes-France decided upon any alternative to EDC during their talk yesterday, it was a top diplomatic secret. After the. ..four-hour meeting, they crease benefits, shift present rigid j announced only that they had farm price supports to a system of agreed to "early and practical ef- flexible props, and provide new I forts to maintain Western unity. ace, the Brazilian White House. Gen. Caido da Castro, chief of his military, staff, was with aim. Po^ _., , . | lice said Vargas suddenly whipped Georges Biaault, oitentimes for- L Distol from Ms pocket and shot) eign minister and an MRP spokes- dy - ng a^ost immediately. man, also insisted that France back EDC as it stands. He de- See EDC on Page 7 weapons to help defeat communism and subversion at home. Eisenhower made no call in so many words for maintenance and tightening of GOP control of Congress in the fall elections, but he did say: Cites "Batting" Average "If we are going ahead with this administration program, if you want it to go ahead, the decisions are largely up to you. Because it is the character of the 84th Congress that will determine: Can we go ahead and push through all these programs for the benefit of America? Or w'ill they be stopped by some kind of political arguments? "We want to go ahead. We are sure that you want us to go ahead. All my mail shows exactly that; that you, with us, are looking forward to peace abroad, greater security, and greater and greater prosperity at home." Official sources disclosed that they reviewed all possible alternatives for rearming West Germany and restoring full sovereignty to the Bonn government if EDC fails. Facing Mendes-France was the j affairs troubles may overshadow >rave decision on whether to try (the Eisenhower-praised record of Democrats Say Foreign Affairs May Top Issues Could Overshadow GOP Congressional Record in Campaign WASHINGTON (/?)—Three Democratic senators said today foreign for another new set of modifications in the EDC treaty or let the French National Assembly begin a ratification debate, scheduled for Saturday, on the pact as it stands. The Premier himself had insisted that the modifications he demanded at Brussels were necessary to win French ratification. Some the Republican 83rd Congress as a top issue in the November election campaign. President Eisenhower centered on the at-home record in his broadcast to the nation last night, heaping praise on Congress and hitting again at opposition "prophets of gloom and doom." While Republicans joined i n He thus fulfilled a promise h« had made Sunday night—that he would leave office only under arrest or dead. That was after 26 general officers of the air force asked him to resign to calm ft tense political and military situation. Today 32 general officers of the army joined in the demand for Vargas* ouster. Agreement Announced The army officers' petition wa* presented to Vargas this morning- at Catete Palace. It was announced that the -president, who came to power in 1930 and ruled all - but.-five -years, .since t±ten.,Jiad agreed to ask ccngress-for a leave of absence. Four hours later he was dead. Joao Cafe Filho, vice president since 1951, was in line to succeed Vargas. The crisis that brought Vargas' ouster and death began Aug. 5 with the slaying of an air force major, Ruben Vaz, during an attempt to assassinate Carlos LaCerda, an anti-Vargas editor. The slaying aroused widespread indignation in both the military and the press. This grew when it was discovered that members of Vargas' personal body guard werei nvolved. Vargas dissolved the guard. The crisis broke into rioting Aug. 11 following a mass for Maj. Vaz. Two persons were injured and members of his Cabinet favor the } praising- the administration's lesris- ! campaign posters for Vargas' Bra- pact as it stands, but others oppose jiative accomplishments, Democrat- j it unless it is drastically altered. Whichever way the Premier ic Senators Russell of Georgia, Mansfield of Montana and Jackson ™\?{2 S J:*? a \™™*™ ^?± V ± ! and top Army officials had flung at one another, announced yesterday its four Republican members had reached agreement on language of a majority report of findings. Contents of this document, filed Junior H. McLemore of Hayti, Mo., Garland L. Newsom and Bobby G. Landrum. both of Leachville; Walter T. Duncan, Columbus C. Richmond and Raymond Henard, Jr., all of Dyess; "T. J. i McAfee, Jr., of Wilson. Those failing to report were: ! with J. Mark Trice, a secretary of the Senate, remained a carefully guarded secret as the subcommit- Dell School Registration Date Is Set He said the White House went j inet could survive the treaty debate. Former Premier Antoine Pinay, a supporter of EDC, suggested last night that the six West European allies go ahead with the [scheme for an 18-month "trial mar- jriage"' period. They should put it i into effect as originally drafted, he j said, but agree that any of the i members could call a conference Jfor revision of impractical features DELL—The Dell School faculty f 0r the first 18 months. This peri- will meet at 9 a.m. Monday to plan | O d could be extended if necessary. swings he is bound to lose support, j of Washington said that the appar- There was some doubt among! ent collapse of the European De- politicians today whether his Cab- fense Community and what they called an unfavorable settlement in Indochina may claim the chief attention of American voters. The senators spoke in separate inter- R. M. Johnson of Memphis. Tenn.. j tee's three Democratic members Kenneth S. Aycock of Blytheville I put in more work at writing their and Robert D. Nichols of Ukiah, j own version ot the findings. Waikins announced his committee's hearings will be held in the caucus room of the Senate Office Calif Missouri Cotton Moid Event Set PORTAGEVILLE Building, the same big chamber in which :he McCarthy-Army hearings were held. But there will be j no television or motion picture Missouri's •' cameras this time, by committee Maid of Cotton contest will be run off in Sikeston Sept. 24. it was announced today. Winner will compete in the National Cotton Council's Maid of Cotton Contest in Memphis. Information concerning entries may be obtained through Missouri Cotton Producers Association, Portageville, Mo. edict, Watkins said that "99 per cent of our hearings will be public." From the other investigating group. Mundt's announcement of the coming school year, it was announced today. Students will register next Tuesday with school work and the cafeteria also slated to open that day. All students entering the first grade must be six years of age by Dec. 31, 1954. These students must present a birth certificate and must have had vaccinations, according to school officials. A party "for students entering the first grade will be held at the school at 9:30 a. m. Friday, sponsored by the PTA, according to Mrs. Helen Miller, PTA president. Members of the faculty are: High school—W. L. Bollen, agriculture; Robert Edwards, Physical . ., ,., education and social science: Mjs. agreement on a majonty _ report fe Laura Cook commercia > 1; stirred speculation concerning re- Mrs _ caldwell. English; Miss ported disagreement among its Re- i ~ • publican members as to what the evidence showed. "At least, let's get started." Pinay told a news conference "Otherwise we may find the other five countries organizing without France." Pinay said his proposal had the support of the powerful Popular Republican Movement (MR?) whose members are among EDC's speech. Mansfield, a member of the Senate Foreign Relations Committee, said the status of international relations this fall "may well be the deciding factor in the ecetn'.l' Jackson said he thinks the Indochina settlement and indications that the EDC may never materialize "are creating skepticism in the minds of many voters about the administration's ability to hold j " the line against communism." Labor Party (PTB) were torn down. Support Pledged "Vargas out!" shouted the mob. The military acted quickly to prevent further disturbances. The army, navy and air force issued a joint declaration pledging their support of the constitution. Meantime the air force and po- Eurides de the guard. and Jose Antonio Scares, a palace employe, as involved in the La- Cerda plot. They also seized Joao Alcino de Nascimento, as the alleged trigger man. The situation arose at a time Brazil was undergoing severe economic stress. Last week the price of coffee was forced down, in terms of American dollars, and there have been predictions of further blows against Brazilian currency. The air force, with Vargas' per"The administration hasn't ! mission, obtained the personal'pa- seized the initiative as it has j pers of Gregorio Fortunate, husky claimed," he said. "It is the Soviet i former head of the disbanded pres- Union which has seized the initia- idential guard, and these papers See VARGAS on Page 7 Enumerators Sought for Farm WJs Donated Census to Be Held in County Thirty-six enumerators to conduct an agricultural census that has been scheduled for this year by the Bureau of Census of the Department of Commerce are being sought in Mississippi County by county Republican Party officials Hiring of the enumerators is being handled by state and county Republican Party officials. They are slated to nominate 18 to work in North Mississippi County and 18 to work in the south half. Recommendations by county party officials will be submitted to the state headquarters for approval. No date has been set for the census, but the nominations of enumerators are to be sent to state party headquarters by Aug. 30. \ Information from the state headquarters said pay will be at "peice-price rates" which could make possible an average of $10 for an eight-hour day. Enumerators must provide their own cars and mileage expenses will be paid. The census is expected to take from three to four weeks. Applicants must be U. S. citizens between the ages of 18 and 65, must have a high school education or equivalent, be in good health and pass a written exam. Mississippi County Republican officials handling applications will be A. F. Dietrich and Welch Foster in the north half and D. Fred Taylor in tht south half. The Emergency March of Dimes today had a total of $460 in its Mississippi County campaign to bolster waning funds for the national anti-polio program. County Drive Chairman Elbert S. Johnson of Blytheville urged all area residents, to contribute in answer to solicitation letters mailed out last week. No other contact, will be made during the emergency, Mr. Johnson said Those not receiving the •:o) i " i- - tion letters, and wishing to support the drive should mail contributions to "Polio Drive, Post Of- ; fice, Blytheville," Mr. Johrvson • ndried. The county goal for the Urivt k 18,000. Weather ARKANSAS—Partly cloudy this afternoon, tonight and Wednesday with scattered afternoon and evening thundershowers; not much cange in temperatures. MISSOURI — Fair to partly cloudy this afternoon and tonight; few showers southern border; Wednesday partly cloudy; little change in temperature. Minimum this morning—73. Maximum yesterday—95. Sunrise tomorrow—5:27. Sunset today—6:38. Mean temperature (midway between hlRh and low)— M. Precipitation last 24 hours (7 a.m. to 7 a.m.)—none. Precipitation Jan. 1 to this date — 28.45. This Date Last Year Maximum yesterday—90. Minimum this morn In?—67. °rcclpltAtion January 1 to date — M.71 ' VICTIMS OF PLANE CRASH — Blanket cov- at the airport because a wild storm had temporar- ered bodies of some of che victims lie near the tail of the wrecked Braniff Airlines plane which crashed near Mason City, Iowa. Eleven of the 19 persons aboard were killed when the plane crash- td into a pasture alter being warned not to land ily knocked out power at the airport. Mixture of heavy wtnd, rain and hail and power failure mad« a landing impossible -at the Ma»on City field (AP Wirephoto)

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