TUKSDAY, JUNE 27,1950 BLYTHT5VTU,E (ARK.) COUBTER NKWS PAGE SEV1W Korean Peninsula Has Seen Little But Strife Since 57 B.C. s '« By STANLEY JOHNSON Associated I'rcss Staff Writer Korea, a country whose native name means "morning calm," has seen little but .since is recorded history began in 57 B. C. - ./or 2,000 years invaders from the north, cast and west have fought for possession of well-watered, temperate Korea, whose fertile fields arc protected from Manchurian and Pacific winds by a rugged mountain chain. Despite these invasions, t h c-f Korean people have maintained a f physical appearance, a complex language, and customs wholly different from their Chinese, Japanese and northern Asiatic neighbors. They average five feet, lour and one-half Inches in height, have dark, straight hair, and slightly upturned eyes. Korean folklore says the nation owes its birth to a divine being who came to earth fn the form of a wind. Finding a virgin sltt'ng beside a stream he blew upon her and she brought forth a son, Tangun, who supposedly founded a dynasty which lasted from 2333 B.C. tn 1122 B.C Only from 57 B.C.. however, with ihe establishment of the kingdom of Silla in south Korea are there accurate records ot the country. Internal warfare among Silla and other Korean regimes lasted until the brief Mongol Invasion ol 1231 A,D. In 1392 General Yl Taicho drove out Japanese piratcs^ravaging the east_coast. J^L Japs Defeated There t^Trnade Seoul, still Korea's chief city his capital. Pyongyang, today the capital of Communist north Korea, had been the center of Korean civilization up to that time. Ti;? Japanese sent an army of 300,000 to conquer the country (n 1592 but were finally routed. A Korean-lnvented-and-built ironclad warship helped, Manclm hordes swept down the land In 1627, devastating the country. Korea's modern history begins with an American attack on the country. In 1871. A United States Navy flotilla wn Nosey Agent Tabs Oder as 'Hootch' sent to open trade between the two countries. Repulsed, the fleet open «d fire, a force wn-s sent ashore ant more than 300 Korean soldiers wen killed. Friendly relations were establish •d In IB83 -when the United State and Korea signed a mutual aid pac' The next year nn American Judge O N. Denny, became advlso to the Korean foreign office. Othe foreigners — mostly British n n American—gained positions of in fluence. Chinese, Japanese and Rus sians were rigidly excluded. Early In 1894 Korea asked Chin for help in putting down bandit Japan used this as a pretext to \i V3.de. the country, claiming tha |i was taking over. irn, industrialized Japan wo the war. . President Theodore Roosevelt a aured the Japanese at the trea of Portsmouth (N.H.), which endc the Russo-Japanese war of 1904- that the U.S. would not object Japanese rule in Korea. Japan Takes Over Japan formally annexed Korea 1810 and .seized land, flsherie mines, and the personal wealth Koreans. APPOINTED BY IOOF—A. P Dietrich, of Blytheville, nas been appointed District Deputy Orand Master, representing Ihe Grand Lodge of Arkansas, Independent Order of Odd Fellows for District 12 encompassing lodge activity in Mississippi County. The appointment was made by Grand Master J. M. Robbins, of Little Rock. He will take office as oon as his present term as Noble Grand of the Blytheville IOOP expires June 30. More than 1.000.000 fled lo try to make a living in Siberia and Manchuria. The Koreans, spurred by President Wilson's famous 14 points af- ;er World War I, proclaimed thetr independence. The Japanese tortured their leaders to death but others sprang up and formed a secret provisional government in Seoul. They elected Dr. Syngman Rhee, now presldcn t of sou th Ko rea, to iiead the government, He was then In the United States. Rhee had been a pupil of Wilson at Princeton University. Rhee established a permanent Korean commission at Washington in 1922 and kept up a fight for Korean freedom until World War IT ended. Korean independence was an American aim In the war. Military authorities said that to ennble Russian troops from the north and American troops from the south to crush an estimatcc 178,000 Japanese garrison troops between them, Korea was divided into American and Soviet zones of influence at the 38th parallel. Details Obscure The division is generally believed to have been agreed on at t h t-RooscveU - siaUn - Churchill Yalta meeting In February, 1945, but the it details were never made public. Ing. The original agreement was to be followed by the creation of an all- Korean government under joint Soviet-American sponsorship. Russia refused to carry out her part of (he agreement. A Joint Soviet-American military commission was then agreed on at t -e Moscow foreign ministers' conference in 1945, but exploded when Russia demanded that all arl-i- Communist Koreans be bannec frotn political activity. The United States put the question of Korea before the United Nations tn 1947. A U N. commission returned (rom Korea reporting that Rnssian-dom- nated north Korea had refused to cooperate in efforts to unify the country. The U N. then ordered elections. The north refused to take part. Two-thirds of Korea's 30.000,000 people in tho south elected 200 representatives and left 100 seats vacant in case the north should decide to participate. The U.N.-sponsored republic of Korea, based on the.se elections, was inaugurated Aug. 15. 1948. Russia vetoed its application for membership in the United Nations. At almost the snrne time, north Korea declared itself a people's democratic republic and claimed jurisdiction over the whole peninsula. Russia announced in December 1948 that it hnd withdrawn <ts troops from north Korea; the United States evacuated south Korea under U.N. observation In annary 1949. Tension between the two sections >f the divided country increased. The situation finally exploder me 25 with the invasion of south Korea. BIRMINGHAM, Ala., June 27, (A^ —A U.S. revenue agent, Russell K. Gray quickly tabbed an odor he picked up on the street yesterday. It was bootleg liquor mash cook- I1E. As a sequel, a modern, gas-fired .still was cut up in a nearby house 18 gallons of moonshine seized nix a man arrested on making and transporting charges. Rainproof simt.in oil. EDISON Continued froii, Page 6 for re-election. In general, 'lh«y felt Hint if Pepper were re-clecUrt m»n- urnclmiiiR In Florida "would be done tor." Mg Guns Trained on 1'tppw Pepper's defeat was therefore considered a first, order of business. Executives of Hie oilier stale manufacturers' associations eave their experiences In political campaigns. And Hie canipaign [or Pepper's defeat was mapped out, According lo Mr. Cond«, when Mr. Bnlley returner! to Florida, his Britain Favors Waiting On Japanese Treaty LONDON, June 27. If}— BrllM favors waiting on a peace treat wilh Japan until the United Slates shows the way. Kenneth Younger, minister of state, told the House of Commons that Japan's recent history of aggression makes it difficult to believe in her transformation since the war's end. He also said problems of defense in the area, as shown by Ihe Korean outbreak, "are delicate nd dangerous." HONORS AUTHOR — This new stamp honoring the grent French satirical writer Francois Rabelais is being issued by the French postal system. The stamp is dark red and has a value of 12 francs—about 3V4 cents. ig Spanish Oil 'ompany to Open CAH.TANEGA. Spain, June 27. (/P —An oil refinery, owned partly by taierican interests and expected to troduce about 12,000,000 gallons of ;asoline a month, opened yesterday The California - Texas (Caltex Oil Company owns 24 per cent and he Spanish Petrollllos Corp. anoth- r 24 per cent. The govc'rnmcnl iwns the rest. A Chcesey Trick CHICAGO — nto Thomas m— A man walke. Stoddnrd's grocerj inrt ordered some cheese. Whil Stoddard was In the back of th 1 store slicing the cheese, he heari lie cash register ring nnd sa* an other man rim out the front door 'Let me catch him [or, you." th cheese customer said. He left, will] out the cheese, and didn't return Stodrtard's total and $100 in cash. loss: one sal IOOF Plans to Install Hew Lodge Officers Independent - Order of Odd Fe lows Blytheville Lodge 18 will In stall new officers June 27 in Woor men Hall. 20914 West Main, A. Dietrich. Noble Grand, said toda The officers who will Uke cha 'hones Cut Curtain BERtIN (AP)— You can plern he Iron curtain here and get an American newsca.it in Gemini nerely by dialing your telephone And about 40,000 Berliners daily nore than a third of them In th Russian sector of the city, are do ng that, The broadcasts come front RIAS (Radio in American Sector! America's voice behind the iro curtain, , The Idea of running off news casts over a tape by telephone wa born during the Russian blockad of Berlin, when frenuent p»we shutdowns cut off radio reception When the Communists banned th sale of West Berlin newspapers I the Russian sector of the city, tl plan was revived. The Communists got their posti authorities to block ,the. number, I prevent Soviet sector inhabltan from listening. RIAS retaliated ai added another number. Tclephor experts claim it will take the Communists at least six months lo block; that one. staff » p ts turned loose on thl« campaign. Experienced political orga- nisers were put to work. The headquarters ol Associated Industries ot Florida was turned over to politics. And the Smathcrs machine was op- crated— nuxst successfully, It must be admitted—by the Associated Industries. What hapiwried In Florida, says Mr, Conde, is typical ot what is happening In other states. The political action program of the Indiana Manufacturers' Association has been reported In an earlier dispatch by this writer. It was a speech by Earl Bunting, president of National Manufacturers' As.wcialion, before the Indiana Manufacturers' Association at French Lick, Ind., last year, which started ttie Hoosler organization »!» its present campaign o( political education and Influence, to put more rcspoasible men on the tickets of both parties, Mr. Condc says there ire similar active political programs being carried on In Alabama, Virginia, Missouri, Oklahoma, Illinois and Ken- lucky, He says the New England Council has also been politically 46- tivc for many years . Mr. Conde admits that, the manufacturers have received a setback in Pennsylvania. The trouble thcr* was that the Pennsylvania Manufacturers' Association for too font hn.s hart the reputation of belnj "owned" by ex-Sen. Joe Orunrty, ^s'hase political machine waj* defeated by Gov. James H. Duff. -lollywood Continued from Page 6 bowing Doi'is Day. and Frtinkle line out of the way in the "Music, lusic, Music" department. "XiUliu 1 can stop II," says Jlm- y. "Wy dcy're Charleslonlng lo tils cord. Now I know dul tic only ing clat\s been holding me, back nn ecnrcls is rtat Crosliy and lie Anrews Sisters gel de big chimes rsl." Jimmy on the subject ol what nnkes H record a hit: "Dey want to rlance in de parlor. •io jokes on records. Jokes, believe nc, ttcy don't want. We're Joining hat de .simpler you make 'em, de jctler 01 f yon are. It's a helluva line for me to be tolnln dls." Stevp Allen's idea of a sreat new product for the California market: July 1 are Don Whitney, Noble Grand; Tom Little, Jr., vice Grand; O. p. Buff ing ton. secretary; nnd James Meacham, treasurer. For Improoed KIDNEY FUNCTION In a majority ol case* Investigated in several hospilali and clinics, subnormal Kidney function was improved, Bladder pain and discomfort reduced alter the use of Mountain Valley Water. If your doctor has diagnosed your condition as functional Kidney impaifmenl this nalural, untreated mineral water may be very beneficial. Try it lor a few weeks. , It is delicious, pure-tasting, and may bs consumed freely. Cross town Whiskey Shop Main & Division IViADE by the s;tme private formul 1872, Yellowstone lias always had a fineness of flavor no other bonded Kentucky Bourbon matches — rich but not heavy . , . smoothly mellow. Try Yellowstone—you'll never forget its flavor. TOO PROOF BOTTLED IN BOND Pnrk Ij /rrmouji /or ItJ henn — Vcllou'Slonr Whisltc)', /or lit quality* BOTTUD YELLOWSTONE, INC., lOUlSVlUB, KENTUCKY FROM EVERY IMPORTANT STANDPOINT... lo THOSE wlio have m«rle careful comparisons of all the fine cars, there fe no question aSout ihe present leadership of the new Lincoln Cosmopolitan. Its surierlily rlislinclive styling. ..its Injurious "Salon-Stylctl" inlcrior...il5 magnificently superior "InVincilile Kight" performance leave no douhl is to thai! And its distinguished ownership is even more strongly convincing lhat it is definitely The First Car of The fand today. Why not veiify this yourself—it the wheel of a new Lincoln Cosmopolitan? Phont 591 t SALE! While they Last! Me "' S ' «&B3£/* 298 SUMMER PANTS M tmcoin con «quTpped ^h Fr-pi<»*d1 HTDtA-MAHC Irarviminkxi ol «*lre u<i1 NOTHING COULD BE FINER STILL & YOUNG MOTOR CO. Walnut Qt First Street • P«tt«rfis r Solid Colors Sttnuckirs/ Pinchecki • PlMt«d and Plain Sryfos • Zlpp«r and Button Front* • S«nforiz*d* and Col»rf«it Save os much as $1 a pair! Stock up now for a cooler jummor for oil Ihe men tn your family. Sanforized cottons that look J» cool and criip...are to easy lo launder you'll save dollar* in summer cleaning bills. All men'i >irei—hurry for best choke.
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