THE DAILY TIMES Times Square, South Division and Carroll Streets, Salisbury, Maryland Dean W. Farmer, General Manager PAGE 6 Salisbury, Md., Wed., Nov. 16, 1977 E elisor's--Scratch- gave at the office." "Do not Judge by appearances, bit Judge with right' Judgement." John 1:U. Thoughts Crisfield Project The onetime elegant Crisfield home where Maryland's former Gov. J. Millard Tawes was born and lived for his first 22 years is being con-sidered as a museum to deposit his mementoes and papers. This house is 87 years old, four years older than Somerset County's most famous son. He has joined forces with the Maryland Historical Trust and local people working towards the preservation of Crisfield's past, once a booming: seafood center which in its early years was much like a town on the western frontier of this country. Gov. Tawes, of course, has a lot ot memoraoua from his nearly a half century in public office. There are other things from Crisfield's olden days which ought to have a suitable repository. To that end, efforts are being made at restoration of the wharf property at the foot of the main street. Crisfield's museum could be located there. ALTHOUGH THE seafood business is only a shadow of its former self, Crisfield itself is looking out on a vista of new growth and importance. There's talk of building a deep seat port in one section of town, with a channel to the Chesapeake Bay. Then, there's now much interest in developing the tourism attraction which is inherent in Crisfield's storied past. Some development along these lines is now evident in the daily departure of boats to quaint Smith and Tangier Islands. The Somer's Cove Marina is a busy place in season, with many yachts stopping off for anchorage there. . This will all take some doing a project which Crisf ielders themselves must initiate and push to a conclusion. They've got a lot of things going for them. Instead of being known as the seafood capital of the world it could well become a prime tourist attraction if it can market its unique qualities its location on the edge of the vast salt marshes, its closeness to the Chesapeake Bay islands, its historic background, and its hospitable people. Reform Heat Is Off By MARTHA ANGLE and ROBERT WALTERS WASHINGTON - (NEA) - The new Senate ethics code, adopted last spring on a wave of reform sentiment, has achieved about as much permanence as sand writing on a surf swept beach. Ever so quietly, senators opposed to the tough new standards are nibbling away at key sections of the code even before they take full force and effect. The erosion was probably inevitable, given the fact that three of the six members of the committee charged with enforcing the new code were opposed to its adoption in the first place and a fourth only reluctantly supported the reforms. Nonetheless, it's about time someone besides Common Cause notices what is going on, or pretty soon there won't be any ethics code left. ITEM: LAST June, without a recorded vote, the Senate quietly reversed its original decision and agreed to permit two staff aides in each senator's office to solicit as well as receive campaign contributions. Item: Later in the summer, the Ethics Committee voted to postpone from October to January the effective date of the code's crucial financial disclosure requirements. Item: Just a few weeks ago, the committee voted to remove the code's $100 limit on gifts of travel which senators may accept from lobbyists and individuals connected with political action committees. While such freebies would still be subject to disclosure, senators could once again' accept rides on corporate planes whenever they feel like it. But these little nips were just a warm - up for the really big bite Republicans are hoping to take out of the ethics code's restrictions on so -called "office accounts" slush funds used to cover expenses that fall in the gray areas bet ween official business and outright political activity. The House this year voted to abolish office accounts entirely, but the Senate refused to go quite that far. Instead, the Senate ethics code permitted members to maintain office accounts financed with campaign contributions which would be subject both to disclosure and to contribution ceilings applicable to all political donations. UNFORTUNATELY, THE code langauge was sloppily drafted, specifying only that office accounts should be financed by funds from "a" political committee, as opposed to each senator's own campaign committee. The Republican Senatorial Campaign Committee has seized upon the semantic error to suggest that it means any political committee may contribute to a senator's office account, either directly or by paying for services such as computer lists. If they get away with it, funds contributed to a senator's office account would not be subject to the ceilings which apply in the case of donations to his campaign committee. Special interest groups could pour unlimited amounts of money into the slush funds of their favorites. At the moment, both the Ethics Committee and the Federal Election Commission are mulling over the GOP Senatorial Campaign Committee's ingenious-ploy, trying to figure out what to do about it. Unless one or the other develops some'back-bone rather quickly, the Ethics Code is going to wind up looking like a piece of Swiss cheese. That would no doubt suit many senators just fine. They adopted the code only because it was the political price they had to pay to justify voting themselves a fat $13,000 pay raise earlier this year. Now that the heat is off, the reform tide is ebbing fast. Odd Couple, Again Bv VICTOR RIESEL WASHINGTON -1 always look a gift source in the mouth. But there are sources and sources, and the one I'm about to quote has been in and out of the White House more often than Jody Powell and for a lot longer. "You're always looking for the big story in town." said mv friend recently. "Well, you won't find it in any documents or peccadillos. The big story is that the Carter administration, all its boys, are beginning to worry real deep. They're uneasy. They're being buffeted and just don't have the pros to handle it. So they're taking tickings. And when the White House continues to take beatings steadily, and has no political pros, that's serious for the country and for the world. So more and more, Jimmy Carter has called off his earliest offensive the effort to fragment the pressure blocs which believe he owes them specific delivery on specific campaign promises. And Jimmy has been meeting with many of them in the Oval Office all the way from the Congressional Black Caucus to embattled ladies. BUT THE man he's leaning on more heavily and steadily now is the one man whose power he tried to smash from the moment his final presidential ballot was counted last November meaning AFLC - CIO president George Meany. The actual contact isn't through the occasional phone call from the Oval Office to Meany's famed Eighth Floor in the national AFL-CIO headquarters across Lafayette Square. The now routinized liaison is between Meany's 49-year-old executive assistant Tom Donahue, and Mr. Carter's acting chief of staff, the 33-year-old-Hamilton Jordan. According to the White House sources, both men confer regularly in the White House to exchange information and messages from their powerful principals. Donahue is a personable chap, a Navy veteran, with a long stint inside labor in the construction field and the service union. He once served as Assistant Secretary of Labor for labor management affairs. Jimmy Carter appears to have given the perennial AFL-CIO president Meany what the latter always has demanded from American Presidents the spokesmanship for Aiherican labor.' This doesn't insinuate that Mr. Carter doesn't telephone other labor leaders. But not as often as he used to. This doesn't mean he doesn't invite other union chiefs to the Oval Office such as the auto union's president Doug Eraser. But not as frequently as he used to. THIS DOESN'T mean that all the President's The Daily & Sunday Times FOUNDED as the Wicomico News (weekly) in Way 1688. Began daily publication as the Salisbury Times Dec. 3, 1923. The Daily Times is published every weekday and The Sunday Times is published every Sunday at Times Square, Salisbury, Maryland (21801). Second Class postage paid at Salisbury, Maryland (21801). Publication number 146540. ' MEMBER of The Associated Press. The Associated Press is entitled exclusively to the use for publication of all the local news printed in this newspaper as well as all AP news dispatches. MEMBER American Newspaper Publishers Association, Maryland Delaware D.C. Press Assn. and Audit Bureau of Circulation. SUBSCRIPTION RATES: By carrier per week SI. IS; by mail on the Delmarva Peninsula 146.00 per year; elsewhere in United States 148.00 per year. No mail orders accepted In localities served by carrier delivery. All carriers, dealers and distributors are independent contractors keeping their own accounts free from control; therefore The Daily Times is not responsible for advance payments made to them, their agents or representatives. COMMUNICATION intended for publication must bear the writer's name and address. No consideration will be given anonymous letters. , THS NEWSPAPER can not be responsible fat un solicited photographs and manuscripts. men don't brie! other union oiticials equally. But George Meany now is the equal among equals. Thus, with the washing out of the overseas trip, some of President Carter's advisers are reportedly urging him to fly to the national AFL-CIO convention opening in Los Angeles Dec. 8. Thus, too, Mr. Carter overrode his own powerful foreign advisers, with whom he breakfasts almost daily, to pull the U. S. out of the International Labor Organization much to Meany's satisfaction and surprise. Thus there came swift agreement with labor and its allies on labor law reform, the minimum wage (a 45 percent increase by 1981), on the Humphrey - Hawkins full employment bill and other proposed legislation too numerous to list here. But, as the politicos say what of the future? Meany is a tough bargainer. The dour labor president, who has a distaste for detente, has just walloped Mr. Carter's foreign policy. The charge, made by the Coalition for a Democratic Majority, was that the White House was softening its human rights campaign. This statement wouldn't have been issued the other day without Meany's approval. " AND MEANY plans to fight for high tariff walls, call them what you will, though Jimmy Carter is a free trader. Meany has said that strict import restraints on many items, from steel to shoes to electronics to technology, are vital to support American labor against foreign competitors. 1 True, the President's special trade negotiator, Robert Strauss, has said that the White House won't "cave in" to protectionist pressure. But what's his word against Meany's clout? The AFL - CIO president sees no difficulty in pushing labor's program through Congress before next summer. There's even talk of fighting for the repeal of the Taf t - Hartley Law's section 14(b). Repeal would prevent individual states from outlawing the union shop. And this would be tied in with the new labor surge into the sunbelt. And looming beyond all this are the 1978 midterm congressional elections. Jimmy Carter and his young aides are learning that without labor's political machinery "out there" there isn't much of a Carter-ite Democratic party or campaign organization. ' So Jimmy Carter is exactly where so many recent American Presidents have been consulting with George Meany, and more and more frequently becoming labor's business agent. Creepy Stuff From Basildon, England, comes the tale of a tomcat named Sam who saved the town from hysteria by devouring a giant Mexican red knee spider that reportedly could jump three feet off the ground and pluck birds out of the air. All we ran sav is that trie fellow who invents these strange stories will be extended every courtesy by the proper authorities if he turns himself in without a fight. Rules For Letters All letters to the editor must be signed by the author who should also include his or her address and a telephone .number to assist in confirmation. The newspaper reserves the right to condense letters and to edit material which is libelous or believed in bad taste. Preference is given to letters under 300 words. We cannot publish letters addressed to an individual or organization other than the editor of , the newspaper. By DICK MOORE Timet Editor Ask almost anyone when and where the United States of America was created and they'll say, Philadelphia, July 4, 1776. Indeed, the entire nation celebrated the event last year, calling it the country's 20uth birthday party. And, Philadelphia over that Fourth of July holiday , was the height of the celebration. However, there are facts and law which hold that this year is the bicentennial, the nation having been born at Yorktown. Pa., on Nov. 15, 1777. That makes yesterday the country's 299th birthday. This claim comes from J. F. Rauhauser Jr., president of the York County, Pa., Bicentennial Commission, Inc. address. Box 1776, York, Pa., 17405. HIS PAMPHLET on the topic contends that Yorktown is the birthplace rather than Philadelphia, where the Declaration of Independence was signed July 4, 1776 or Boston where on Sept. 17, 1787, the Constitutional Convention was held. Representatives of the 13 colonies, sitting as the Second Continental Congress in Philadelphia, fled that city in the fall of 1776, prior to its occupation by General Howe of the British forces. They took public papers in guarded wagons to Lancaster, Pa on Sept. 18, 1776. Once there, they decicd to move to York, for added protection of the river, there on Sept. 27. Thereafter, Congress convened in York from Sept. 30, 1777 to June 1778 when it returned to Philadelphia ifter the British had evacuated ' that city. Before the Congress had left Philadelphia, it adopted a resolution which proposed that a plan for permanent binding of the colonies should be prepared. A draft of the Articles of Confederation was submitted but was not debated seriously until the Congress sat at York. On Nov. 15, 1777, the Articles of Confederation were officially adopted. Then it was that the participating colonies agreed ". . . hereby severally (to) enter into a firm league of friendship with each other, for. . . common defense, the security. . . liberty and . . . mutual and general welfare. . ." , By Article I it was established that "The style of this c-onfederacy shall be "The United States of America.'" Until that moment, the United States of America did not exist, Frauhauser says, noting that in the Declaration of ' Independence, the colonies declared themselves to be "free .and independent states" with ' the right retained by each to do "all acts and things which independent states may of right do." It did not create a union. . . it created 13 independent states. People Patter Kenneth Rose, whose father Dr. Kenneth R. Rose served as pastor of Bethesda United Methodist Church here for several years, is in politics in New Hampshire where he ran for the legislature from Meredith District last week and won the seat. He's a Democrat. Dr. Rose is now at Grace Church, Wilmington. . . Mrs. Ruth Hoffman, who does advertising for Benjamins here, attended the recent Swarthmore Johns Hopkins Football game at Baltimore to see her son play for Swarthmore. The game provided a reunion site for V. 8. Sen. Paul Sarbanes, Salisbury native, and Dean Blackburn of Swarthmore. Both were Rhodes scholars, both attended Oxford and both married English girls who were on hand for the reunion. . . Speaking of the bicentennial again, that big black impressive horse named Ivan, and ridden by Capt. W. W. David during 1976 reenact-ment of Caesar Rodney's famous ride to Philadelphia to ratify the Declaration of Independence in 1776 has been given to the Wilmington Mounted Police. Trained for patrol duty, Ivan is a Tennessee Walking Horse and Capt. and Mrs. David of Bear gave him to the police force. Capt. David is director of records for the Delaware State Police at Dover. Rlllf vv sfV (ML 'mm-, Idi's Neither 111 Nor Mad By Richard G. Zimmerman LUSAKA, Zambia -- ' (NEA)-The doctor whose job was to keep Idi Amin alive dismisses as nonsense speculation that the Ugandan president's bizarre behavior is due to syphilitic insanity or to any other form of progressively worsening mental illness. "Let me tell you, Amin is totally conscious of everything he does - he is in complete control of himself, and I know him very well," the former Ugandan physician said, peering from behind a desk stacked with medical literature in his office here. "Amin is simply an evil man, the most evil man who has ever ruled a country.". And although Amin may carry within his body a life terminating disease, he is probably as far away from dying of natural causes as he is from being crazy. At the worst, Amin suffers from mild hypermania, that is, a manic depressive psychosis, his former chief doctor says. "He has alternate attacks of manic behavior (highly animated 'ups') followed by some depression, but most often he is in a mild manic state," the doctor observed. "But these are mild psychiatric problems and in no way contribute to his buffoonery and cruelty. That is all done very deliberately." A request for an evaluation of Amin's mental health was prompted by the recent publication of "State of Blood," a first hand expose of Amin's reign of terror written by Henry Kyemba, who until his defection earlier this year was Uganda's minister of Health. The book is being widely read in most of black Africa. Kyemba, who is not a physician, added fresh and often grisly details to many of the most unbelievable accounts of Amin's behavior. Among other allegations, Kyemba charged in widely publicized interviews earlier this year and now in his book that Amin has broadly hinted he has indulged in ritualistic cannibalism. Amin's former physician does hot doubt Kyemba was in a position to know such things. "I knew Henry well -after all he was a minister," the doctor said. But he dec- Berry's World HEAVENS TO BETSY!" r 1 V T , f 4 iF : IDI AMIN: no debilitating illness ' lined to join some critics and reviewers who have charged that Kyemba, one of Amin's most senior administrators, shares some of the responsibility for keeping the Ugandan dictator in power. "I don't want into that kind of personal discussion," the doctor said, "but if you want to know what kind of man Kyemba is, just remember he was able to switch over very quickly from serving in the government of President Obote (who Amin overthrew in a bloody coup) to serving Amin." In agreeing to diagnose Amin's mental condition, his former doctor, who is known as one of East Africa's leading internists, asked that his name and details of his escape from Uganda not be further publicized. The doctor said Amin's agents are still active in Zambia, although several have been arrested and quietly deported. While avoiding personal publicity, the internist possesses impeccable credentials attesting to his role as a leading member of a constantly changing team of medical specialists who monitored Amin's physical and mental state. Before the internist and many of his colleagues were murdered or fled, Uganda maintained among the best medical facilities in East Africa. Why were so many doctors murdered or driven from the country? "You were either not an intellectual or you were killed eventually if you didn't sink to Amin's level," the doctor answered. "I was a shining light that he couldn't stand to have around," he added rather immodestly. The internist was making rather leisurely, secret plans to skip Uganda with his family when his departure schedule was abruptly advanced after a visit by a former patient, then a high-ranking Ugandan army officer. "He said to me, 'You saved my life once and now I am going to save yours,' and then he warned me that I was next too be murdered," the doctor recalled. "I had to leave everything behind, even my cars parked in the driveway." Unlike most refugees who have fled Uganda, the physician is not planning to return even if the political situation changes for the better. "Why go back? I have nothing there any more and every institution, including the medical community, is in utter ruin," he said. "Oh maybe I'll examine the possibility, but that's all." But like most Ugandan refugees the physician agrees that Uganda will be saved only when Amin is permanently removed from the scene. He emphasized "permanently." He does not, believer, however, that Amin's permanent removal will come about by any natural means. "He stays in remarkably good shape, as good as when he was a boxer in the army," the doctor said. "He may look fat, but it's hard, he's muscle." The doctor did not dispute an Israeli physician's assertion that Amin had been treated for an active case of syphilis and that the treatment had been terminated before negative blood tests indicated the disease had been completely cured. And he agrees that in its unbeatable later stages syphilis "never gets better, only worse," and usually leads to involvement of the brain or other vital organs and eventually to death. However, the doctor said there are no signs that Amin has reached this later stage, which may surface 'years after the initial infection. To wait for Idi Amin to die or to sink into debilitating madness from tertiary syphilis is to wait too long, his former doctor believes. Barbs By PHIL PASTORET Add to your collection of collective nouns: A plumpness of weightwatchers. When looking at present-day Manhattan, consider how thankful the Indians must have been the Thanksgiving after they unloaded the island on the Dutch. It's easy to spot the office goof-off - he's too busy to give anyone a hand with anything. The best way to tell the boss off is without moving your lips. Dying Town Update By JACK ANDERSON and LES WH1TTEN . WASHINGTON - In the continuing saga of the CAPCO power works versus Ship-pingport, Pa., the great electrical combine has Just demonstrated its awesome power. - The townsfolk besieged us last summer with pleas to tell their story. Their beloved Beaver Valley was slowly being poisoned, they complained, by the fallout from the energy compounds that the CAPCO consortium has erected on the nearby banks of the Ohio River. We sent our associate, Howard Rosenberg, to Shippingport to investigate. He made repeated trips to the area. At a c-landestine meeting the townspeople presented their complaints. They told him of the deadly white dust that sometimes covered their roofs and filled their cisterns. They charged that their water wells and backyard gardens had occasionally been contaminated. They showed him chunks of calcium sulfate that had fallen on their property. He brought one plate sized chunk of calcium sulfate that had fallen on their property. He brought one plate - sized chunk of pollution back as a souvenir. Not all the populace, of course, was vocal. Those who benefit from the CAPCO payroll remained silent. But a secret tryst was arranged for Rosenberg to talk with one CAPCO employee who worked at the Beaver Valley I nuclear plant. The nervous CAPCO man chainsmoked with trembling hands as he confirmed reports that a 25.000-gallon tank of drinking water had been contaminated with radioactivty at his plant. Rosenberg also spoke to Dr. Yeun C. Wu, an environmental consultant, who has tested the fallout particles from the twin, coal fired Bruce Mansfield electrical generating plants at Shippingport. He found a variety of deadly particles, both poder and crystal, which clearly had come from the coal - fired plants. AS RECENTLY as last week. Dr. Wu's findings were reconfirmed after tests of 12 water wells around town showed high concentrations of cadmium and chromium the former a cause of hypertension and heart disese, the latter a potent car- cinogen. The Pennsylvania Department of Environmental Resources ' is now testing 24 wells around the borough. Rosenberg was also given a quick radioloeical physics course by Dr. Ernest J. Ster-nglass, University of Pittsburgh professor, who has analyzed radiation in the Shippingport area. He found levels far higher than the company had reported in public releases, with an accompanying rise in the number of cancer and infant mortality cases in the valley. Four years ago, Pennsylvania Gov. Milton Shapp appointed a blue ribbon panel of scientists to investigate Sternglass's charges. The scientists concluded that "it was impossible to rule out the fact that there may have been a relationship between environmental radiation exposure from the Shippingport operation and an increased death rate in the population." The governor's commission released their report in 1974, noting that they still could not account for the fact that the diets of Pittsburgh residents 30 miles away contained abnormally high levels of radiation. We examined Duquesne Light's radiation monitoring reports on several dairy farms in the Shippingport vacinity. At one farm in 1975, Strontium 90 radiation was found in the milk at levels much higher than federal limits allow. In 1976, the company stopped monitoring at that dairy farm. THE WORLD'S first commercial nuclear pressurized water reactor went into operation at Shippingport 20 years ago. Last month, that reactor was replaced by the world's first commercial thorium light water breeder reactor, jointly owned by the Department of Energy and Duquesne Light Co. Upriver a few hundred yards is the 850 megawatt nuclear pressurized water reactor, Beaver Valley I. Duquesne Light has been operating it for a year now. If all goes as planned, Beaver Valley II, a mirror image of Beaver Valley, I, will be operating by 1982. Upriver another few hundred yeards are the coal - fired electrical generating plants named for Bruce Mansfield. Together they burn 16,000 tons of coal a day. The combination of the health hazards of the coal and nuclear plants together are known to be much more serious than either one alone. Rosenberg also examined the records of the Nuclear Regulatory Commission. Over a 16-month period he found 16 "events" a euphemism for accidents at Beaver Valley I. During the month of July, 1977, alone, the reactor there was forced to shut down nine times when things went wrong.' Finally, our associate had repeated discussions with CAP-CO spokesman to get their comments. Yet, in some Pennsylvania papers, our Shippingport column was suppressed. Duquesne Light issued a press release denying and belitting our report. The. power company declared that our column . was "inaccurate and irresponsible reporting." The press release charged that Rosenberg had declined to take a tour of the coal - fired facilities at Ship-pengport.
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