--.•v FRIDAY, DECEMBER 31, 1937 BLYTHEVILLE (ARK.) COURIER NEWS Ducc Goes on Building New Empire Hurrahs Turn To Sighs Over Expense For Ethiopian Conquest By MILTON NEA Service Staff Cinrrs;:- RCME--H was all very v Italians lo cheer th'lr heads off for II Unce when lie rtaitjd 10 build the new F err an ! : -Hvr<> »•. making the va^l territory of E'lil- ooia an Italian cut'ioiit. Uul no the triumphant ear/cs of (he co i querlnjj tenlons hAv; l«<iTfd Int chickens Hint are homo to 100 ' in the form, of ta;:e:—taxes more taxes. The highest recent estimated budget receipts of Italy were 311,COO,OCO lire. The Ethiopian affair has already been estimated to cost 18,111,COO,COO lire-or pier ty close to the state's entire yi u income. Now you will understand why new taxes are piling up. At that, the war with Ethiopia pto'j ably cost Italy far less than if it had been waged by a demnci i y like France or England. Finuit Italy pays its army privalcs in I officers very low salaries. Being a totalitarian • state, Italy could -,'t ships to carry 1U troops, ond supplies hiid munitions for the.n at rock bottom prices. War Cost Under Million The oflieial cost of the war is given out as $644.148,935. But having won the war nnd mad possession of the one-lime independent Ethiopia, expenses were only begun. The first appropriation for a C-yea'r program of development . amounts to $100,383.000. 1 addition, $53,191,000 lias been se aside for the African Ministry, the . ,new government department ol •which the Duce has made himself the head. On top of that, $159,574.000 has been earmarked i,ir read building alone. But even those figures are not comlpete. No statistics have been given out on the continuing cost of maintaining a big army in Ethiopia find even with low pay, soldier; .iiust eat. The army is not ye' able to live of! the country. Reads Encourage Small Towns The big sum allocated for the purpose of road building reveals one of the plans of the Fascists for Etrfiopia. For a long, lime the Duce and his advisers , pondered whether, to build railways or roads. 'TJieJjroads. .lyuKlt.' Ran_- 1 ways |cost a heap of nioneyl Tiiuy consume Jfffn -and coal—and ,I(,a'j has neither./She, ; miist buy thc'.h elsewhere. But roads can ba built out of the material at hand the country. The Italians are among the best road-builders (j the world-direct descendants n the supreme road builders—the Konians, Rends, if cut by an enemy or bombed from the air, can rapidly be rebuilt. Rail-vays cannot. The latter tend to centralize population, leading to the building of big towns. Roads encourage lie- centralized village life—which is exactly what Italy wants in its new territory. Mussolini has devised an entirely new coioi:izfition plan. Ethiopia is not to be a colony, but an Their Place In Radio Seems Permanent Black Face Cany On Changes "Comedians Despite n c:,nyin E out the Ethiopian program ol road ouiWlng. Premier Mussolini follows In the footsteps ot the supreme road bullders-the Romans, from whom the Italians are descended. Reach Shore, Dress Wounds 'vominent Figures In Arkansas Llfe"Su cc'u'm'b During 1937 '.)• UKICE WORTHINGTON, Jr. Jnilrrt 1'ress Slaff Correspondent LITTLE ROCK, Ark., Dec.. 31 Tjpt-Recollections of big news '.cms in Arkansas during this dc- arlinc \e:ir of 1937 point to : caths of prominent state figures s outstanding. Tills past year saw three '01- icr governors of the state suc- umb. Tvo of the deaths re- ulted in\ considerable political oncsrn. Judge John E. Martineau led March G, Sen. . Joe T. Rob- iso'n was fbund dead in his Waatt- rgton-apartment July 14 and foi- ner ; Governor George W. Donii- hcy. died from a heart atta:k Jccemoer 15. 'Ihe sudden death of Sen. Robnson. majority • floor leader in -;lie pper house 1 , of Congress, is re- arded by many as the greatest hock of' the year. The whole mlion mourned his passing, and lany regarded it as one of the rimarv reasons for Ihe so-called i split""in the ranks ot New Dsal Jemocrats. Eis strenuous activities on the' enate floor often prevented rifts nd open expressions of dissension ver many of President Roosevelt's sjgislalive plain. His support was egardrd as essential in passage of many items of legislation. It v:as Robinson's death that BY NORMAN SIKUK1, NKA Service Radio Kiiitor NEW YORK, DM. n.— As Ions i Freeman Gosden and Charles Correll have H rndlo script In heir systems, there will be n place on the air lanes for Amos 'n' . Andy. Ihe ebony-voiced stars of , broadcasting. For Amos 'n' Andy j are one of the few "trndltlons" ol he comparatively new nlr cnter- aliinienl. Ustcners have come to take them and their amusing ventures for granted. H has been so long since Amos 'n' Andy.lhst "drolled" Ihclr ways lo the nation's homes via Ihe parlor loudspeaker that listeners have forgotten Just when they first started to drop everything and listen to "that Amos 'IV Andy progrnm." However, It. was not until 1928 ttnu Oosdcn nnd Correll attracted the ears of the whole nation. With but one or two vacation crlods since then, they've been the ah five nights a week, 52 eeks a yeur— Amos 'n' Andy, and 111 Hay who presents them llh "Here They Are . . ." AH iK that . time they've beei arrylng 'on their adventures for ic same sponsor. And now .mos 'n' Andy are worlng on ew series for a new backer. For hem it will be like moving out f one theater into another one. However, although they're hanging sponsors, the Amos 'n 1 Andy program will continue along ore on the nlr Andy CandUl camera gllmiises of VWnnnii Qosdcn (left) and Olrwlcs Correll, radio's ace, blackface comedians, as they broadcast Ihelr programs, :\Vi'*!kly S«w«l«y School l,ew»n= The Gospel of Service he same pattern Ished It as the that has estab- most successful Italy in Africa. A start wan made on October-28 last^the fifteen!! 1 anniversary of the Fascist mnrcr upon Rome. T.ie heads of 100 peasant families from Romagna Mussolini's honn province, wen sent out to Ethiopia to be farm er soldiers. Tl-ry will farm tin l?.nd and, armed, will guard it. Under Military Kulo Two Vcars They will te i.nder strict mil itary discipline Icr two yca.-s, the end of which their wives an * cnildren may join them. Lav there will be wholesale sc'tlemer and the sections of lEthloyi granted future settlers will be Cftllcd after Ihe province from nhich they cone. Thus in Flhio- pit- there will l.c a Romagiv.. an Apulia, a Veii'V.iza. etc. But, in addition lo bringing over thousands of white settlers, it is the Italian plan also to encourage the natives to make better use of the land which belongs to them individually. They will be t.iught modern agriculture, given free seeds and assisted in the purchase of machinery. They will be es pecially encouraged to raise cot ton, coffee, tobacco and plants supplying vegetable oils. There Is reason to believe the government no longer expects fortunes from _. i reported mineral resources, but Jl hopes scientific nnd extensive * farming of the rich agricultural lands will not only , supply Italy 1 with many raw materials ohe needs but provide a salable suv-| , plus to correct her badly lop-sided | trade balance. •.Toujjht Arkansas one of its most listoriu political campaigns, suv- They had just .crossed half a mile of muddy Yangtze while Ja;> : anese machine guns rattled a leaden hall about them, the Paiiay had just gone down under a barrage of Japanese air' bombs, .md these bamboo reeds made a welcome haven to Panay crew members who dressed each other's wounds, as pictured above. ict In the history of brondcast- ng 13111 Hay will continue to In- .roduco them. • Their "Perfect 3ong" theme music will be retained, but an organ Instead of un orchestra will pluy It just as In the early days of the program., "We Is Just going lo draw our pay check from n new boss," Andy wired us,from Hollywood, Cal., Mi ere Gosdcn and Correll now broadcast. They Uwd to Be "Sam" and "Henry" ; Amos 'n' Andy have been able to weather all the passing vogues of radio because they are fundamentally radio. Following a brief career as producers of amateur shows, Gosden and Correll teamed up for radio in Chicago as "Sam and Henry." "Sam and Henry" were "Amos 'n' Andy," yet they didn't attract attention until they changed their Dames. "You may remember those .early days,' even before, they began broadcasting over the NBC network. They were the first of the recorded programs. In many cities the recordings were broadcast after 11 at night. And the records show that many dialers who retired early set their alarms for 11:30, or whatever the broadcast time may - have been, U) awaken them for the program. After the broadcast they would return to their slumbers, After . a long stay In Chicago "Amos 'n' Andy moved to Callfor- thcr on His left huiul when He ssumr.f Ihe Tlironi'. Jesus reminds them that they lo not know what they ask. He nqulres whether they nre wili ng to drink of the cup that He drlnkn, and bo baptized wllh tin. bapllsin that Ho .Is baptised with ippnrently having In mind the persecution and ultimately Hit crucifixion that await Him. Hut James and John, the called Sons of Thunder, are Ntstent, They are able and By WM. K. OIIKOY, D. l>. Editor or Advance lessons for the flrat six months ol 1838 arc all taken from ihe Gospel of Mark. The flrnt lesson, which Is somewhat In the nature of an Introduction, Is tukcn from ubouL Iho middle of the book; then we return to the first chapter to no through the book fron lesson to lesson, , The general tllle of these lessons Is "The Qosi>el of Service, and this Introductory lesson halo do with the spirit of th Christian disciple, and with th nature and privilege of scrvlu following • the example of Jesu Himself. Primarily In all mornl life an especially in Christian living the matter ol motive. There uro. Naturally, the 10 .other disc many ruling motives in life. 1 p] Mi w hcn they heard of this There Is the motive' of 'gain, or c ,f or t 0 [ James and John to secure the foremost places, were declare willing that the)/, to nssum all the vigors of -the- kingdom: Je sus accepts Ihclr declaration u ability nnd loyalty; but He a sures them that the places til they usk are not His to give. 'For the Son of man also ame not to be mlnlsUred unto, mt lo minister, and to give Hl3 fe a ransom for many." There h no way of knowing'how ,uny lives have been saved by the «cavimglng of Ihe vulture tribe. Dli- nso and pestilence would ' have aken a far greater toll of the hu- nan Inhabitants of the globe were t not for .these repulsive creatures. Dees, on being transported from . cold climate to one of perpetual •manner, will.soon cease to gathern food tor winter, being content to live from day to day. of self-interest, which may be and sordid, or which more refined and en- very may low be ghtcncd. ins.scd by few in intensity. John J. Miller's election over Gov. Carl 3. Bailey In n whirlwind ca.u- laign last fall was precedential in Arkansas' politics. It marked the first time sines prc-Civil War days thai a Demo- ratic nominee for a major office .ailed to be elected. Miller was marked on the ballots as an He May Wear Norway Crown Lepanto Masonic Lodge, 0. E. S. Install Officers LEPANTO. Ark., Dec. 31.—At a oint installation of officers held by the Masonic Lodge No. GC7 and the Easter Star Chapter No. 503 of Lepanto, Fred Stuckey ol Le- panlo, Worshipful Grand Master ' of Arkansas installed the i.Ios.oiis and J. W. Hill Of Lepanto, \V<-.thy Grand Patron of the Grand Chapter of the O, E. S., installed the Eastern Stars. The installation ceremonies were followed by an elaborate banquet. dependent, while on most ballots the chief executive was tallied as "Democrat." , This race, in itself, was one uf he big news sources of 1937. Federal Judge John E. Martin- all's death March 6 led the list of bereavements for the state. Martiueau served as governor from 927 to 1928, during which time he memorable 1927 Arkansas loods occurred. He was appointed to the federal bench in March 1028. where he served until h!s death. Donaghcy was the third former governor to die during the year He wns an outstanding figure h Arkansas*!; history In that he sewed as chief executive during the time the new state capital was primary In August, 1938. In crime, the case of Lester \V. Brockelhurst of Rockford, III, convicted slayer, attracted the attention of the whole state, as well as most of the nation. The trla of Brockelhurst and his sweetheart companion on the "crime tour" over several states last mid- June In Lonoke provided the state with its most outstanding murdei case In years. Two mistrials of former Sc^ rotary of State Ed P. McDonalc on charges of fraud In connec tion with purchase of janitor' supplies for the statehouse wer among leading events which too place In the state's courtrooms 1 1937. In industry and business th slate realized prospects for a gen nia' three years ago. a tors have homes in Tlielr ere the swank Beverley Hills movie colony and a Palm Springs, the winter relaxln resort of the stars. They get to gether every day to writ* skits Once written, the comedians ar ready to go on the air. ' The never have to rehearse. Before the microphone, Gosde does most of the work, for I plays nearly all of the famllla and beloved characters who ap pear in the skit. He Is the King fish, Brother Crawford and Llgh nln 1 , as well as "Amos." Howeve off the air, It Is Correll, trie la? easy-going "Andy," who does t! bulk of the work. There Is the motive of the love place or of tame; there Li the otlve of the love of power; nnd lero are many other motives hlch conscolusly, or subconscl- uply, may Influence men 111 their loughts and actions. In our lesson, by way of con-i rant with the Christian mollve nd to bring out strongly the re- llty of Christian service, we have wo sons of nn ambitious mother, who request llmt the positions of lonor and preferment, when Je- conu-s In His kingdom, m,iy be given.to Ihem. They have not realized the pirltmil mission of Jesus; and hlnktng chiefly of a kingdom which Ihey assume Jesus is 140- ng' to establish us the Messiah, heir request Is that one shotilc it on Ills right hand and tlic very Indignant, And It Is lo this Indignant company of disciples lhat Jesus declares Ihe law of His kingdom. It Is a kingdom of love and] righteousness very different from the kingdoms of the world. In the kingdoms of the .world, thoie who lord 11 over others are called L'reot biiea; but there/' is a different standard In thu kingdom of Christ. iThere, greatness is measured by the extent to which one ins given lib lifu to the rule of love, and become a mlntslerli'3 servant to" his fellowmen. "Whosoever will be first among "sn;\U be (lie you," says Jesus, servant of all." Tills plain and simple teaching Jesus enforces concerning HI: own life. He Is not asking otlui men to assume u way of life ant duty that He Himself has not undertaken. Rather, He sel-s HLs own life and |>ui']X>.ie as the cx- umple. OUR COMPLETE. SERVICE Insures Your Satisfaction * PRESTONE * RADIOS * HEATERS DEFROSTERS TIRE CHAINS PROTECT YOUR, CAR AGAINST WINTER 24 Hour Service TOM LITTLE CHEVROLET CO. Call 633 built. He remained into private cra) upgrade during 1931 in the business after his governor's terms! earl yrnon tiis, but over-produc- were completed until his death, j llon le(1 ^ a genern i recession 10- At the Hospitab Oeorgeann Stilwell underwent an operation for appendicitis last night at the Blythevllle hospital. June Wade Stevens, of Manila, was dismissed from the Blythe- vllle hospital yesterday. Soon after 1931 came Into being, one of the headlined news sources occurred—that of the northeastern Arkansas floods. Countless persons were forced to take refuge when heavy rains iroughout the month of January orced rivers and streams from icir banks in the northeastern «clion. Traffic was 'paralyzed nnd the This laughing baby may one day wear a crown for he is Prince Harald, 9-month-old son of Crown Prince Olaf and Crown • Princess Martha, ot Norway, pictured above in his pram during a daily trip through the royal park at .Oslo. Prince R«*d. tne courier News want ad». of Crown Prince Olat's Ihrec children, lakes precedence over his sisters, Princess Rognhild sr)d Princess Aslrid. wards the end of the current year. OH developments and discoveries In southwest Arkansas also provided considerable excitement. All developments were Instrumental to those destined lo come during 1938. The state's populace is waiting now In anticipation of the (Jew Year and what It has In store. Files Divorce Suit Mrs. Altha Hardln has filed suit In chancery court against Clyde Hardln, asking for a divorce on the ground of desertion. Her attorney Is Ed Coojc. ilualion became so acute that it •as necessary lo dispatch nation- 1 guardsmen to relieve refugees if their suffering in the bitter old weather accompanying and ollowlng the inundations. What with the unprecedented off-year election Interest, politics ever remained in Ihe fore through newspaper columns In 1937. llcvelopments: Governor Bailey's inauguration. The session of the state legislature. Dissension over changes in suite house policies (and "hands"). Choice of a successor to tho late Judge Mertineau. Election of a new U. S. Senator. The shakeup in the statehouse personnel with speculation over any other possible changes leaving Ihe politically minded with fragments of Ihe "taste" overlapping Inlo 1938, Then, pollllcal observers towards the,last of 1937 were priming for the Democrntle (Continued from Page 1) 6WW Parrots cannot be brought Into the United States from Mexico unless they have a visa from Uie American consulate in that country. GUI, Dancing Eveiy Night from 9 'til 2 ALAR GREEN Orchestra Plan your New Year's eve party now and come to the Crescent. Dance the old year out and the New Year in. Floor Show New Year's Eve Cover Charge 40c per couple Try one of our Hot Pit Barbecue Tasty Sandwiches, Electric Cooked Steaks and Fried Chicken at all hours Highway 61 at Holland, Mo. For Reservations Call Holland 17 The Farmers Bank & Trust Company Blytheville, Arkansas Before the pealing of bells ushers in a new, our entire staff wishes to take a moment to thank you for your friendship and patronage in the year just closing.. We have put forth .our best . efforts to serve your interests faithfully, and we trust you have received real benefit from your association with us. Together, we go forward to new goals of effort, and to new opportunities which we hope will bring you the best of good fortune in the new year. We wish for you a brighter and more prosperous year in the coming year of 1938. B. A. LYNCH, President.
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