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Springville Journal from Springville, New York • 4

Springville, New York
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hit. "rWJ n'iWI isi'F FARM AND HOUSEHOLD. A The Mining, Attraction of the Year. The Western miner's life is a lottery, full of tedious blanks, with occasional There is no diseaso flesh is heir to more troublesome fo manage thoti xheumalisnii It comes when you least expect it, and1 generally remains vtiHH gets ready toj igo away. The'most conspfcuons remedy for thia complaint is Johnson's Anodyne Liniment.

Mrs. Laura D. Fair has put in conspicuous places in her prison quarters the cards of nearly 400 of her feminine sympathizers who have called on her since she 'murdered 4 Judge Crittenden. She boasts, it is said, of having more Of the sympathy of San Francisco than any woman in the whole city." A WAIF. aonl, take heart Though long the way, Thy rest shall come at last.

Not always shall the shadows fall Dawn breaks when night is post. Earth's children oft have trod a path Of bitter weariness below, To reach the jasper courts above, Where living wavers flow. Be faithful to the end," soul Nor doubt the Master's will Through light or shade He's ever near, And watches o'er thee still. Woodbourne, N. Y.

O. Business Education. Clerks form an important class auxiliary to the carrying on of the various de-partments of business. Some make it a Cession for life aspire to nothing her than the pecuniary value of their services, and are satisfied with what they may yield; others regard, it as a species of servitude out of which they hope to emerge to be principals, in the hope of securing larger remuneration. Such ambition is laudable, and is well in itself but it is quite certain that clerkships can be so managed financially as to result in an independence to every one and a fortune to some while the management of a business on their own account in nineteen cases out of twenty, if not a larger proportion, will result in neither.

One has but to look at the statistics of success in mercantile business to prove this though all the statistics in the world would not prevent the ambitious young man from making the usual effort to acquire a sudden fortune. This being human nature we must take it as it is, and endeavor to show such the means of making most money while clerks, and the way to accomplish their ambition by the safest path, and then to point out the hidden rooks in their channel of life, discovered by previous wreoked mariners, freighted alike with ambitions and hopes, which have long since sunk into poverty and distress. But let any clerk, on a fair salary, take his latitude and longitude in life, and refer himself to the co-ordinates of comfort and happiness enjoyed by principals or even men of fortune. If the reference be made candidly, soberly, and with common-sense judgment, he will discover that his individuality is perfect, and that his chanoe of making an independence is equal to that of the average of business men who operate on their own account, if not greater than theirs, in time, to make a fortune. Not only that, but in the meantime he will, if he is philosophic, take as much comfort in lite, if not more, than those who are in the way of making largely, with the constant danger before them of losing all.

So that clerking, if rightly considered, is not only respectable, but, considered in all the relations of life, honorable and profitable. Then the solid question arises, How can the most money be made out of the situation The answer to this Courting In Nebraska Effect of a Scar-city of Women, 9 A heavy dose of girls, none of your homoeopathic prescriptions, is what Nebraska needs. A party of us were duck hunting the other day on the Missouri bottoms. Night overtook us before we were aware of it, and wo were obliged to 6eek lodging at the first dwelling we could find. It was a small one-story structure of three rooms, and occupied by a family of six father, mother, daughter, and three sons.

The sons were all unmarried, and from the calls that were made afterwards, we judge the daughter was unmarried also. We hadn't been in the house five minutes when some kind of a vehicle drove up and two young men were ushered into the parlor. Straightway the mother and daughter held a whispered consultation which closed with an invitation to the sitting room for supper. It was evident the young men callers had been to tea, as they staid 'in the parlor with sweet sixteen." Scarcely had we taken our seats at the table when a howl from the dogs outdoors announced another comer. He seemed to avoid the front door, and knocked at that where bur party was just sitting to supper.

The mother rose to answer the summons, when we were surprised by the daughter opening the parlor door and rushing forward with, Don't git up, mother! It's one! of my fellows Come in, Jim how do you do And Jim entered in response to the cheery salutation. He made himself as comfortable as possible till we had finished supper, when another whispered consultation proved that the parlor is full as it ort to be," whispered by Miss, in response to some motherly suggestion. The old gentleman solved the question by inviting us into the kitchen to smoke. It was evident that Jim didn't smoke, for he remained in the sitting-room. We should have doubtless enjoyed a quiet cigar, had not the old lady opened the back door, and shouted at the top of her voice, "Come round here to the back door It was another young man, and we fancied he looked as if he had come in rather late.

Two young men within the parlor, one in the sitting-room and one in the kitchen. What should be done The courting business was getting hot There was another talk between mother and daughter. It was evident their devices had been exhausted. The old gentleman was called into the corner. He settled the question by a whisper I'll be if I'll move again until the settin'-room is full." Into the sitting-room went number four and we smoked.

It was full ten minutes before the next disturbers came and they entered the kitchen with the air of old acquaintances. We looked anxiously at the host. Taking his pipe from his mouth a single sentence relieved us Them's the widowers. Stick And we stuck and smoked on. For the next half hour the girl must have been kept busy.

The widowers had certainly a third of her time. It was 0 o'clock. We wished to go to bed, and the only bed we bad discovered was in the parlor. The old gentleman divined our wishes, and said I'm sorry, gentlemen But this is one of the regular courtin' nights Them two fellers in the parlor never leaves afore midnight, and the widowers alius stay all night. And that ain't the worst of it.

Dan'll be here at 10 o'clock. I and the boys always sleep in the haystack Friday nights. Yer welcome to that The parlor, sitting-room and kitchen full, we retreated to the hay-stack. In response to a question on the point the old gentleman said that "Friday nights it's purty bad, but Sundays it's wuss. Last Sunday night there was ten on 'em, and the girl is get-tin' mora and more pertikiler.

The more she gets the more she wants On the hay-stack, with a stiff breeze driving away the musquitoes, we heard Dan drive up. One of the last remarks of the old man before we fell asleep.was, Yes, gentlemen, courtin's hot in Ne-brasky And we believed him. Nebraska Correspondence Syracuse Standard. Advantages of Carts vs. Wagons.

Carts are rarely seen on American farms, and the neglect with which these useful vehioles are treated is far from indicating a true economy. Carts have many advantages over wagons in the ordinary work of a farm. They are cheaper, two good carts costing less than one wagon and two horses working in carts will do the work of three in The load being so much nearer to the draft, the horse draws it more easily while, being undisturbed by the neighborhood of another horse the efforts of which are sometimes a hindrance instead of a help to his more especially in a badly mated team his undivided attention is given to his work, and the whole useful effect of bis exertions is secured. Carts are more easily loaded than wagons. If properly constructed, the body of the cart is nearer the ground than that of a wagon and in loading all heavy material, such as manure, stone, earth, lime, the exertion of the laborer is confined mainly to his arms, while had he to lift the material one foot higher, the action of the muscles of almost the whole body would be required.

They are more easily unloaded. The dumping of a cartload of almost any material used on a farm is almost instantaneous, while the unloading of a wagon is nearly as laborious as the loading, and the time occupied is a serious tax. A load of a ton can be put on a cart, and one horse will draw it with ease. The line of draft is from below upward, which enables the horse to use the lifting power of his fore legs. He will back it with equal ease, because the weight of his body is thrown into the breeching, adding to the pushing Eower of his limbs while he will turn is load in a space equal to that which he and the cart occupy on the ground.

This is a great advantage in the hay or harvest field, and saves much travelling in turning around. Another great benefit from the use of carts is that a continuous loading of hay or grain can go on in the field, one cart being loaded while another is being unloaded thus keeping tbe field force always occupied, with no increase in the number of horses used. With a suitable rack twelve hundred pounds of loose hay may be loaded on a cart. The style of cart is a matter for consideration. By having the axle of iron, and bent, the body of the cart may be brought down as near to the ground as may be desired the same arrangement will permit the use of larger wheels.

The centre of gravity of the load is thus brought considerably below the line of draft, making tbe draft easier, and the balance of the load much more readily secured. The body of the cart may be built up of narrow slats, put six inches apart, which will lighten it considerably. This may be used when manure or coarse loads are to be moved. If earth, lime, or gravel is to be loaded, light boards may be laid in loosely to confine it. Hearth and Home.

Waste Paper for Household Uses. Few housekeepers have time to blacken their stoves every day, or even every week. Many wash them in either clean water or dish water. This keeps them clean, but they look very brown. After a stove has been blackened, it can be kept looking very well for a long time by rubbing it with paper every morning.

If I occasionally find a drop of gravy or fruit juice that the paper will not take off, I rub it with a wet cloth, but do not put on water enough to take off the blacking. I find that rubbing with paper is a much nicer way of keeping the outside of my teakettle, coffee-pot, and tea-pot bright and clean, than the old way of washing them in suds. The iuside of coffee-pots and tea-pots should be rinsed in clear water, and never in the dish-water. Bubbing with dry paper is also the best way of polishing knives and tinware after scouring. This saves wetting the knife-handles.

If a little flour be held on the paper in rubbing tinware and spoons, they shine like new silver. For polishing windows, mirrors, lamp-chimneys, I always use paper in preference to any dry cloth. Preserves and pickles keep much better if brown paper, instead of cloth, is tied over the jar. Canned fruit is not so apt to mould if a piece of writing-paper, cut to fit the can, is laid directly on the top of the fruit. Paper is much better to put under a carpet than straw.

It is warmer, thinner, and makes less noise when one walks over it. A fair carpet can be made for a room not in constant use, by pasting several thicknesses of newspaper on the floor, over them a coat of wallpaper, and giving it a coat of varnish. In cold weather I have often placed paper between my bed-quilts, knowing that two thicknesses of paper are as warm as a quilt. If it is necessary to step on a chair, always lay a paper on it this saves rubbing the varnish. Children easily learn the habit of doing so.

Technologist. Ancient Farming. The "good old times that we occasionally hoar regretted, do not seem to have existed in connection with farming. For five centuries back the practice of agriculture has been, instead of retrograding, steadily though slowly improving. In the fourteenth century the rverage product of wheat per acre, in Great Britain, was only ten bushels, thus approximating the production of our older States at the prei ent time.

A farm of five hundred and seventy-two acres, at that time, could keep but twenty-six cows, with a very much smaller proportion of other stock than might be expected. Boots were then unknown. It was not until four hundred years since that gardening was commenced, andcabbasres were first introduced into England but the gardening must have been somewhat limited, for in the year 1500 the royal family of England, desiring a saiail. were obliged to import one from HoJlind Hops were introduced there in 1524, ana potatoes in 1563. Turnips were rowu as garden crops from 1610, and fifty years later found their way into field culture.

In 1 684 it was discovered that they could be safely fed to Bheep (Doubtless some sheep of a discursive and inquiring habit ot mind made that discovery for itself.) During the eigh-teeenth century oarrots and beets were introduced in agriculture, and in 1811 the mangel was first brought into notice as a useful root. In comparing the advance of agriculture, and the gradual introduction of useful plants, roots whioh not only has been, but is now, of almost yearly occurrence, we can not but suppose that the comfort and happiness of our race, assured as it is by the present high position of this branch of industry, has still more to gain from the inevitable advances yet to be made. Arnautka. Wheat. We are told by a Brooklyn paper thai a farmer of Iowa has produced a new kind of wheat styled the Arnantka.

The facts are that in 1864 the Department of Agriculture purchased a supply of this wheat in Odessa, in Russia, and distributed it as seed to various farmers throughout the country, so that it has now become common. It is a very prolific wheat, and has been found to yield a much larger, proportion of flour than many other kinds. A bushel weighing 'sixty-two and a. half pounds has yielded fifty-onq and a half pounds of fine flour. If any honor is due, for the introduction of this superior let it be given where it belongs.

A woman is engaged in the business of sending ice from Boston to Japan. rich prizes. It makes him a restless wanderer. He is always trying to better his condition by trudging off to some new field of enterprise. Every year or two there looms up a fresh one, offering attractions especially dazzling.

-First, rumors about it spread abroad gi- antic but doubtful. Then, tales of sud-en fortunes made there pass from mouth to mouth, and specimen chunks pass from hand to hand. Then a grand rush to it takes place. Canvas towns spring up wxin ine rapinuy ox magic, xeaiers in picks and spades, in woolen shirts and whiskey, open stores. Peddlers and gamblers flock in as towards a congenial centre.

High carnival prevails. Loud brawls and startling crimes occur. All goes on, if not merrily, at least briskly and noisily, for several months, till tales begin to come of some newer and still more surprising diggings. Then the inhabitants gradually drop away, the tents are struck, the hovels go to ruin, Quiet reicrns. and the locality is aban doned to regular industry and steady habits.

One year it is Frazer river that attracts the rush. Another, it is Washoe. Another, it is White Pine. This year, the Valley of Salt Lake seems to be the field of attractive adventure. Marvellous stories of the treasures of silver and lead there, are attracting miners in swarms.

If they are to be believed, the lucky ones literally shovel out a fortune in a week the ores being so rich that every shovelful is equal to a handful of specie, ana every wneeiDarrow xoaa iiae a small bank. How much is true, and how much exaggerated, will be better known nextyear than now. Meanwhile trade is brisk, and population is pouring into the valley in a way that disturbs the rest of the Saints, but helps nevertheless to fill their pockets. Curiosities of Life. Lay your finger on your pulse, and know that at every stroke some mortal passes to his maker some fellow-being crosses the river of death; and if we think of it, we may well wonder that it should be so long before our turn comes.

Half of all who live die before seventeen. Only one person in ten thousand lives to be one hundred years old, and but one in a hundred reach sixty. The married live longer than the single. There is one soldier to every eight persons, and out of every thousand born only ninety-five weddings take place. If you take a thousand persons who have reached seventy years, there are of Clergymen, orators and public speakers 43 Farmers 40 Workmen 33 Soldiers 32 Lawyers 29 Professors 27 Doctors 24 These statements are very instructive.

Farmers and workmen do not arrive at good old ace as often as the clergymen and others who perform no manual la bor but this is owing to the neglect of the laws of health, inattention to proper habits of life in eating, drinking, sleep, dress, and the proper care of themselves after the work of the day is done. These farmers or workmen eat a heavy supper, of a summer's day, and sit around the doors in their shirt sleeves and in their tired condition and weakened circula tion, are easily chilled, laying the foundation for diarrhoea, bilious colic, lung fever, or consumption. The Island of New Guliiea. The island of New Guinea, which has recently been brought before the public in connection with negotiations respect ing it between England and Holland, is a spot ot peculiar interest to adventur ous travellers, because very little is known to us concerning it. Comprising two hundred thousand square miles, and about fourteen hundred miles in length, it is yet an unexplored region, within whose boundaries no white man has penetrated, probably, fifty miles.

Snow clad mountains of great height are visi ble from the northern and southern coasts doubtless there are large rivers, and the coast abounds in thick forests. Nothing is known of the inhabitants of the vast interior. Tbe dwellers on the coast live at war with each other, being divided into petty tribes. They are tall and dark, somewhat resembling the ne gro in features. The splendin bird of paradise comes from New Uuinea, and it is believed to be the home of many other curious and beautiful birds.

dwell also kangaroos and crocodiles, and other strange and interesring specimens of animal tribes. Bice, saero. vaina. fruits, and spices of various other kinds grow on this island, whose climate is moist and warm. Doubtless it is rich in vegetable productions.

But our certain knowledge respecting this vast island is very limited. Its mysterious interior should awaken tbe curiosity of some Livingston or Du Chaillu. Dr. Prime on Bores. The Bev.

S. I. Prime says, in a letter to the Observer: When I was a pastor, one of my elders made it rule to come to my study every forenoon to talk with me, for fear, he said, that I would study too steadily. Of course, I had to make up for the time lost while he was boring me, by harder work after he was gone. Bores are great moral, social, and physical pests.

A man who has little to do, and spends his time in hindering other people who have much to do, is a nuisance to be abated in some desperate way, since no law can reach the case. Such a man persistently violates the eighth commandment, and ought to be held as a thief. He who steals my purse," doe not get much, but he who steals my time takes that which not enriches him, but makes me poor indeed." And these bores sometimes make people crazy. They are in no danger of losing their own wits, for the best of reasons, having none to lose but they haunt and oppress and goad men of action to the verge of despair. American Teachers for Japan.

Among the passengers on the steamship Japan, which sailed from San Francisco for Yokohama, a few days ago, were Horace Wilson and M. M. Scott, gentlemen well-known in educational circles of this city. They have accepted positions as teachers in the Imperial College of Yeddo, with which institution Bev. P.

V. Veeder, (formerly of Union College, Schenectady, and later of the San Francisco City College) is connected. Japan, says the San Francisco Bulletin, is determined to progress rapidly within' the next few years, in order make up for lost time and the surest and best way for the development of the 'country lies in the employment of American' educators and artisans. It is evident that the Japanese do not need prompting on this point. Somewhere in the West, a sable knight of the lather and brush was performing the' operation of shaving a Hoosierwith a very dull razor.

Ston said Horn! ar "that wont do." WWa da mat rwuia 4i That razor 1 Well, no matter fnr da. sah If de handle obde razor dorl't break, de beard oouna to come off. Advertisements. Boston. tllCiMycterloiis l'lctnt-ea sKKf Voek, on re- lilt coipt of one stamp for pustauo.

i ADAMS BOOKS At t.Weaefco6atefblB,ii6' Catalogue sant AiI- dress V. W. PI8KE A is Marshall street! Boston. Mw. fiTOP, work fp 3 oo per wo warrant von you can make (30.00 PEK DAY SURE, selling our goods.

Busiucsa aght and honorable. No gif enterprise no hum-bug, 30 000 sold in one week Address M.ONROJST KENNiCCY A Pittsburg, Pa. CUR LS 9ne Prof. Lkos'. MaOic Comfouko will instantly Curl the tralghtest hair of either sex (without injury), into wavy ringlets, or heavy mssslve wis, in every case, er mosey refunded, price 25 ct.

per package, postpaid, or 8 for 60 cents. Address HO Lb ROOK, Uxbridge, Mass. $6 A LINK for au ADVERTISEMENT in 830 Weekly Newspapers circulating in all the Northern States of the Union. Best and cheapest medium of its kind in the world. Estimates sent on application to IS.

W. YOSTaB, 41 FarkRow, N. Y. NATURE'S KEMEff The czj Biflop. Purifier A valuable Indian compound, for restoring the health, and for the permanent enre of all diseases arising from Impurities of the blood, such as Scrofula, McTofuIon Humor, Cancer, Can-ceroua Humor, Cryslpelita, Canker, Halt Uheum, Pimples and Humor on the Face, Ulcers, Coughs, Catarrh, IltonchltU, Nenralgia, liuen-matlsm, Pains la the Hide, Dyspeptia, Constipation, Costiveness, Piles, Headache, Nervousness, Falnt- nees at the Stomach, Pains In the Back, Kidney Complaints, Female Weakness, and General Debility.

REPORT OF A PRATICAL Chemist mid Apothecary. Dear Sir Tills is to certify that I have wild at re-tail, sixty-three doz. (766 bottles) of your Vkobtiab since April 12th, 1870, and can truly say that it has given the best satisfaction of any for the complaints for which It is recommended, that I ever sold. Scarcely a day passes without some of my customers testifying fo its merits themselves or their friends. Iam personally cognizant of several cases of Scrofulous Tumors being cured by VKOK- liAB 1UUUU 111 IUIUILV.

Very respectfully yonrs, AI OILMAN, 401 Broadway To H. B. STKVENS, Egy. THE GREAT BLOOD PURIFIER. PBEI'ABED Mr IT.

11. STEVENS, BOSTON. MASS. Price $1.25. Sold by aU Druggists.

THE NOVELTY CLOTHES WRINGER Nothing, except the Sewing Machine, has ever been invented which so much relieves the labor of the household as the Wringer. But its usefulness does not ecd here. The saving of clothing is of much greater importance. It is often remarked that articles of line texture last twice as long when wrung in a Wringer as when wrung by hand. The Novelty has cog-wheels on both ends.

The rolls are allowed to separate freely at either end. These, beside other advantages which it contains, seem to be indispensable to a practical wringer. New York Independent The Novelty Wringer has become an indispensable institution in thousands of families. And we believe its treat and increasing popularity is fully merited for the Novelty evidently possesses all the requisites of a first-class, practical machine. IiUeed, alter using one for many mouths in our own family, we are prepared to Indorse the Novelty as unsurpassed (tne laundress says unequalled,) by any of the several wringers previous.y tried.

Moore's Rural New Yorker. Sold everywhere. Sold everywhere. IV. 13 XIioliw Sc GENERAL AGENTS, 102 Chambers-street, N.

CUNDURANGO, The wonderf nl remedy for cancer, syphilis, scrofula ulotrrous and other blood diseases. Dr. P. T. KEENK having Just returned from Ecuador and -brought with him a quantity ot tne genuine cundurango bark, secured through the official recommendation and assistance of His Excellency, the President of Ecuador aud the Government of that Republic, we are prepared to fill orders for it, to a limited extent, and a price about one-quarter of that whioh the cost of the nrrt Very small supply compelled us to charge.

Spurious articles are now advertised and sold as Cundurango We have, at consid ruble expense, and with the co-operation of the authorities ot Loa, Ecuador, the province where th plant so directed the channel of our supply as insure that none but the genuine shall be sold by us, and we particularly call the attention ot the public, for their protection, to the fact that no Cuu- uurango uas ueen lmporteu except by tins House. BLISS, KERNE No. 60 Cedar su. New York. BLISS, M.

York; P. T. KEfctJE, M. jsew oi k. Four Tun Hay Scales, $75.00, AJST WHY.

Many years since a seale was Invented by Fair. banks, and out of the patent thnn a million of uouitis uas oeen maue. it expireu, and is now public property. A uy one who chooses has a right iu iumd nun is auuwu ui luo puiuicas tne FAIRBANKS SCALE, without being called Imitators or infringers. We claim 10 make as good a Scale as anybody; every Scale is warranted to give satisf kciioii, and the purchaser is to be the judge whether or not he is satisfied.

We do not need to make a sham article, as any mechanic on examination will tell you that at (75 a fair profit is afforded, as we do not employ travelling agents do not make discounts; do not pay commissions; have no-Agency in ft-ew York, Philadelphia, Chicago, or anywhere else; do not pay lihi's to go aiiout the country libelling our competitors, or running down the quality of their scales. If you wish to buy our Scales at our low pilots, you must oruer uirect or us. 240 union Scales oo 600 IB, Platform ou wheols 30 00 lb, Platform on 25 00 2,500 ffi, Platform on wheels 40 00 "Ill UUU XIUJT, VWU, Ul OUJUKDVIUV. I Six tun Hav. Coal or Stock Scales .1...

100 00 ren tun nay, uoai, or siock acaies tau oo Send for Fee Price List. THE JONES SCALE WORKS, Blnghamton, N. BENT, GOODNOW Boston, publish "THR PATRNT 8TAH." sell Fataiita. anil give profitable agencies, to canvassers. LIGHTNING CORN HUSKER.

Patented. Husks 200 bushels per day. Weighs 1 ounces. Cheap, Efficient and lmranle. Every farmer buys one.

PttOFrrs Large. Agents ma fro ft S3 to SiOperday. Samples sent by mail for fid' cents, send for circular. C. T.

Van Sickles, 284 West 6th 8t Cincinnati, O. BUSINESS I ANY PABtV HAVING A GOOD ARTICLE ot universal demand, whioh can he sheved by advertising may find a purchaser by addressing, stating full particulars, BUSINESS, Box 396, Mid. dletown. Orange County, N. Y.

fc RfflAE Anent 'Care tar 0r. the A8THKA, Belief guaranteed In mtnatea. by inhala tion. testimonials from the medical lnorA nnmmiA. nil VAfW nrnflMuna.

per Sox. dent by mail, port. ilpt of price. 4CO 110 BroadwayjT. T.

JO, IbWAOflaiUI 9 Sdd by all Druggists. r. U. BOX SMB. yjM EA-N ECTAR: IS A PURE BLACK TEA with the ranted to suit aU tastes.

Tor tale everytcfiere. And or sale wholesale onlr by tbe Oresvt Atle-mtJc eV Pacific Tea New York, p. O. Box 0508. Send for ThM Nectar Circular.

fn for flrst-clasJ Pianos, sent on inai. tu 290 Address V. 8. PIANO CO-65 Broadway, Y- STWVTAFi Aril Perm i mm.

LITERARY NOTICES. Scribneu's or October." An Island on Fire," is the title of a graphic article on the great volcanoes of Hawaii, by Dr. T. M. Coan.

Tbe illustrations are remarkably effective. There is also a carefully prepared map of the several eruptions. The "Last of the Fequods is an Interesting account (with a fine portrait enirravjne) of Eunice Mahwee. the last of a powerful New England tribe of Indians, by Benson J. liossing.

in Water, its Ways and Uses," we have a piece of popu lar science, set on uy appropriate illustrations. The most! imnortant essav in the number. however, Is Mr. Fancher's Was Adam tbe First Man It is here contended that the Mosaic record itself furnishes "strong intimations that other nations than the descendants of Adam dwelt on the earth." There is a capital paper by Edward Spencer, on The Philosophy of Good Health a pleasant sketch of a "Bummer Trip to JNewtoundland," by S. G.

W. Benjamin a very bright storv bv Mrs. Walker: "The Cloak-Cubby and the Blue- Room and a strange story, entitled The Jot." Dy Albert Webster, jr. Wilfred Cumbermede grows, la interest as the story advances, ana me lovers oi juacuonaia will be triad to learn that it will not be concluded for some time yet. In the poetry line we have some remarkable verses by H.

E. Warner "In the Valley of Shadows," an illustrated poem How the Storm Came," by W. E. with two shorter poems. Topics of tbe Time," The Old Cabinet," Home and Society," Culture and Progress Abroad," and "At Home," are unusually readable Departments in this number.

The page of Etchings is a characteristic 6ketch of a New England Town Meeting," Dy Mr. rjusn. With tbe first number of tbe tblrd volume (November) Scribner's Monthly will be enlarged, and greatly increased in popular interest. Tbe price will hereafter be tbe same as that of tbe other leading magazines, $4 per year, and the publishers promise to spare no pains or expense to make it tbe best magazine in tno world. The Phrenological Journal, among the magazines for October which have come to band, deserves especial mention.

A list of ar tides illustrated and otherwise, composes its table of contents. We would particularly mention the following: William Clatiln, Gov ernor of Massachusetts The Youthfulness of tbe World, or the signs of its perpetuity Eye openers; oeter isioagett; Men, as Husbands, which we commend to the perusal of such Witch-Hazel Grumblers New Studies in Physiognomy, or the model of Respectability Human Food, its preparation; Street-sights in umna Agriculture ana American indiffer ence we agree with the writer in his strictures on the want of interest shown by young Amer icans in tne image oi tne Hon Bad Air Writing by Dashes Alice and Phoebe Carv Some Hints on Pruning The Deserted Vil lage, with new illustrations Alexander H. Stephens' Head; Girls' Education. We cannot understand bow any intelligent and dis cerning man, who has the welfare of bis lam ily at heart, can dispense with this most valuable periodical. Terms, $3 a year, single Nos.30 cts.

On trial three months 50 cents. 8. R. Wells, New York. xhb JjITTLb uorporal Has never been more attractive than it is for the month of October.

It contains numerous finely ex ecnted engravings, and its reading matter can not tail to please all clases, young and old Parents desiring to place good and wholesome reading matter into the hands of their children should subscribe at once for this popular juvenile, and secure the three extra numbers to all new subscribers for 1873 who send their names before November 1st. $1.50 a year. Published by John E. Miller, Chicago, III. New York Markets.

Flouk and Meal. Western and State flours were a shade firmer in the low grades, but this checked the demand, and the market was less active. Western flour in cood demand at full prices. Bye flour and corn meal In good demand. We quote Superfine State and estern, $5.60 a extra State, dtc, $6.30 a 0.50 round hoop Ohio, 1 6.30 a $6.50 Western spring wneai extras, a o.4U no.

aonuie extras, $3.75 a do. winter wheat extras and double ex-extras, $6.85 a Genesee extras, $8.75 a Southern bakers' and familv brands. S7.50 a St.25 Southern shipping extras, (6.60 a $7. Rye a9.i. uornmoai, western, 3tc, a f4; AS run-dywine, $4.10 a $4.15.

Cotton The market was dull and kc. lower. Middling uplands, 20c. low For future ueuvery marKoi was nrmer. Provisions Pork has been easier, but closed more steady; sales at 3.40 a $13.50 for mess, spot, and early delivery for thin mess, and $10.50 for prime mess.

Beef In good demand and steady. Beef iijuius, i iur new weswra. isacoa mm mm scarce: long clear city sold at8Jc. Cut meats dull pickled hams, 11 a smoked 'W estern and city, 12 a 15c. Lard, Jc.

higher, and quite active for immediate use sales at 9k a 8c. for No. 1 to prime city, anu i a vhc. lor prune western, new and old. Dressed hogs firm, 6 a 7 he.

Butter dull, State, 24 a 30c. selections and pails, 32 a '37c. Cheese firmer: t.hft raihle aiintAtionn nAvnnftntl to iWta lac. tories, 10 a lac. dairies, 8 a HHc.

Grain Wheat, firmer and more active.but closed quiet sales at $1.45 a $1.47 for No. 2 spring, $1.48 a $1.49 for No. 1 $1.54 a $1.56 for red winter, $1.58 a $1.60 for amber and $1.62 a $1.68 for Genesee white, the latter price for LiiehL Rye quiet estern 88 a 90c. Barley more active sales at 85c. for iour.rowea western, ana rz a sac.

ior iwo-rowei ao. Barley malt in reanest Canada West. Sl.25 a 81.30. Oats active and firmer sales at 48 a 51 He for Western, and 60 a 53i c. for Ohio, the latter mostly at 51 a 53c.

Corn firmer and active; sales at 73 3, a 74c. ior western nuxeu anoat, 72 a 7Z6C. for do. in store, 75 a 7oc. ior white western, and 75c lor yellow do.

Gbocemes Coffee quiet and stocks increasing. Rio auoted at a Java at 21 a crold. duty paid. Mice irregular and dull sales domestic at aKc; ioreign at a 7 c. uie latter ior fat-n a.

Molasses more active: sales common Porto Kico at 36c, and New Orleans, prime to choice, at a boo. "ugars very uuu lair to good renning, a atiUjC; refined very firm hards 13c. Sundries Petroleum, 24 c. for September, and 24 Ho. for November.

Crude I4fcc. Rosin strained was more active and prices higher; sales at $3.10 a spirits turpentine sold at 59 a ouc. fl-om wharf and yard. Tallow sold at for Bastern. Whiskey unsettled auoted at 94 a 95c.

Kreiarhts lower, with more doing grain to Liverpool, Kd. for cum anu iuju. ior wucui. Live Stock Market Sales of beeves were slow, and prices about the same The extreme range for native Western steers was 10 a J2c. with the bulk of the sales at about 11c.

State steers, heifers, stags, and dry cows sold at 7c, and Texans at 7H a 8c. Sheep and lambs found a quick market at 5 a GKc 16 for sheep, and 6H a 8Hjc. ft. for ordinary Western to prime State lambs. Good State hogs, 238 tbs.

at $5.60 100 desirable Illinois hogs could have been sold at $5.75. Dressed hogs were firmer at 6H a for heavy aud light, with best pigs sold at 7 He. The Working Farmer for 1871-72 Vols. 23 AND 24. Extraordinary inducements to new subscribers.

Three months for nothing. Sent to subscribers from October, 1871, to the close of 1872, for one dollar and a half, and the Illustrated 32mo. Dictionary (price 75 cent) given to each subscriber as a pr mium or for three subscribers at $150 each, will send one of Brady's Celebrated Corn Shellers, which is an exceedingly useful and indispensable article to every farmer. Address Wm. L.

Allison, Publisher Working Farmer, New York city. All varieties of pain seem to be included in the agonies of dyspepsia. Yet by invigorating the stomach and toning the liver and bowels with Dr. Walker's Vinegar Bitters, you can arrest them all. The chemical and mechanical action of the stomach, liver, and intestines being restored by this operation, the pain and the oppression cease, the appetite is restored, the dazed brain regains its clearness, the spirits become buoyant, and the happy result is a sound mind in a sound body." Two or three doses of Sheridan's Cavalry Powders will cure a horse of any common cough or cold, and the very worst oases may be cured in a few1 weeks.

We know this from experience. ii L' Perfection has been obtained in the manufacture of J. Monroe Taylor's Cream Yeast Baking Powder. All ladies who have used it universally exclaim, "There is nothing like it T' Veetne 1 Is composed of tbe best vegetable ingredients Uw dispensary of Nature furnishes. Their lulces are extrSoted'in a way wuicU preserves tfieteaiBdfc minished medical properties, inatang it one of the greatest cleansers of the blood that Is or can be put togetner.

TO CONSUMPTTVKS. The advertiser, having been' permanently cured of that Oread disease, Consumption, by a simple remedy, is anxious to, make xnowtf to his follow (offerers the means of core, all who desire It, he will send a copy ot the preicripUon used, (free of charge), with the directions tor preparing end nSom the same, which they' wlU Had a subs Grout to a eoNBUMrnoN. asthma. BHparcHiTis. Per-tio wishing the prescription will please address Rev.

Edward a. wIlson, 104 South Second St, Wuuamsburgh, IT, Y. Mental Culture. "Our minds." says Buskin, "are en dowed with a vast number of gifts of totally different uses limbs of mind, which, if you don't exercise, you cripple." The blacksmith's arm is strong and large because of its exercise. So with the limbs of the mind; as curiosity, sympathy, memory, invention, wit, and so forth.

The way to bring out the powers of the mind is to concern yourself attentively with the subjects of each faculty. It is the mind that makes the man; not external circumstances of place, power, wealth, or ancestry the inner virtues and not the outward appendages. Now, whether justly or otherwise, the ladies of our goodly land sometimes bring up a complaint against the men of mental poverty. It is in about this form that dancing at social gatherings is indispensable, because the power of the gentlemen for entertainment is more in their heels than in their heads. Whatever may be said of dancing as an accomplishment, it surely should not require much culture.

"I have seen," says a news correspondent, a negro boy of seven years old, without the first elements of an education, dance with a grace and agility of motion that would put to blush the brightest star of the fashionable ball-room. The most accomplished dancers in the world are untutored savages, who practice in a state of nudity around their camp-fires. What special incentive then can a cultivated, intellectual, refined youth have to waste precious time in an amusement in which, after all, he may be surpassed by a rude Hottentot? Few minds are sun-like sources of light to themselves and to others but all minds are capable of definite improvement. This improvement is a duty, and brings a rich reward. In order to be really useful and happy, to make the best improvement of our powers, we must avoid the gross vices of the times those appetites and passions which are animal and belong to the lowest parts of our nature.

There is no healthful and rational pleasure in them. There never was a ray of pure and serene starlight in the mammoth Cave of Keutucky; only the lurid glare of torches ever lights its walls. So there are many men whose minds are mammoth caves, all underground, and unlit save by the torches of selfishness and passion. It is better to prevent crime than to punish it it is cheaper to prevent crime than to punish it. Hence it is economy for a government to educate its people.

As the mind is cultivated, there is less danger of violation of laws. The mind seeking improvement is pleasantly employed, and thus some protection is afforded against the vices of gambling, lewdness, intemperance in eating and drinking, etc. It is so easy to adopt bad habits, but ah it is difficult indeed to abandon them. The way of vice is as the entrance to a pit it is easy to go down, but difficult to return. As an old stain is net easily removed, so habitual vices are not easily overcome.

Not against the grosser vices alone, for perhaps the most dangerous vice is that which most resembles virtue, as the most deceiving devil is an angel of light. One of the most affecting features in a life of vice is the longing, wistful outlook given by the wretches who struggle with unbridled passions toward virtues which are no longer within their reach. How much better to cultivate virtue, to embrace truth, and to live in love and concord Ignorance makes us dependent upon others to an undue degree. The man who does not know the country is dependent upon his guide. The apprentice is dependent upon the master.

Why? Because he is ignorant. He who has no resources of mind is more to be pitied than he who is in want of comforts for the body and to be obliged to beg our daily happiness from others bespeaks a more lamentable poverty than that of him who begs his daily bread. Bat why should we be dependent We have books, magazines, schools, colleges, and lectures. Let us properly improve these privileges, and receive that healthful discipline of the mind which will enable us to think and act tor ourselves. Brief debates are useful if properly arranged, though on questions the most familiar.

"Is the sword greater than the pen Can the South become "prosperous with the present system of labor A thousand questions might be presented from time to time which would excite thought and study. Beading makes a full man, writing an accurate man, and speaking a ready man." Intellectual improvement and culture promotes happiness. All seek happiness, but in various ways. The improved mind has more resources, and is therefore more likely to be contented. The contented mind is happy.

The world is very full of misery. As the ivy twines about the oak, bo does misery and misfortune encompass the. happiness of man. The happiness of the sensualist is like Ariosto's tree. He tells us of a tree, many-branched, and covered with delectable bunches but who so shook that tree to win the fruit, found, too late, that not fruit but stones of crushing weight came down upon his head.

The sensualities which tools call pleasure are such a tree they who seek its fruit become its victims. In a word, of all the blessings, except divine religion, which it has pleased Providence to allow us to cultivate, there is not one which breathes a purer fragrance, or bears a heavenlier aspect, than mental culture. It is a companion which will abide with us and be a comfort forever. Without it what is man A splendid slave, a reasoning savage, vacillating between a dignity derived from God and the degradations of passions participated with brutes. Imported Foreign Groceries.

Probably very few people know what a large quantity of fancy foreign groceries, including pickles, sauces, and condiments, are brought to this country annually. A Boston paper says that there are received in that city from England alone at least 10,000 barrels (the pickles, sauces, jellies, olives, being put up in bottles and then packed in barrels for shipment), to say nothing of French fruits, preserves, wines, eto. Large quantities of ale and porter are also shipped to that city 'annually, amounting to some four or five thousand casks -of bottles. London crackers are also beginning to be exported in large quantities. During the past year more than three hundred tons of these fancy crackers, made up in all shapes, skes, and designs; have reached Boston by steamer from London, and, strange as it may appear, considerable American flour is consumed in their manufacture.

H. One firm in Boston have also imported, during the past year, nearly a thousand casks of Day Martin's blacking. Of course a much larger amount oomes to New York; but we have not the figures to show the extent of that trade. 1 J. rroprittsr.

H. KcDonhVm DranlM taAMt.Sariaclte, Cmbmto tftatTN. Y. 0aj.a.a.iuhe near Tewinsir im tneir Wonderful Curative Effect. They are not a vilo Fancy Drink, Made ot Peer Rum, Whiskey, Proof Spirits and BefiM Liquors doctored, spiced and sweetened to please the taste, called "Ton lea," Appetizers," "Restorers," that lead the tippler on to drunkenness and ruin.

but are Strue Hedicine.mode from the Native Boots and Herbs of California, free from all Alcoholic Stimulant. They are the GREAT BLOOD PURIFIER, and A LIFE GIVING PRINCIPLE, a perfect Renovator and Inyigorator of the System, carrying oft all poisonous matter and restoring theblood to a healthy condition. No person can take these Bitters according to directions and remain long unwell, provided their bones are not destroyed by mineral poison or other means, and the vital organs wasted beyond the point of repair. They arc a Gentle Purgative as well an a Tonic, possessing, uUo. the cculiar merit of acting as a powerful ngont in rclioving Congestion or Inflam- illation of the Liver, and all the Visceral Organs.

FOR FEMALE COMPLAINTS, in young or old, married or single, at the dnwn of womanhood or at the turn of life, tliewj Tonic bitters hnva no equal. For Inflammatory and Chronic Rheumatism and Gout, Dyspepsia or Indigestion, Remittent and Intermittent Fe-v-rtt, Diseases of the ltlootl. Liver, Kidneys aud Bladder, tlu-xe Kitters have been most uuceHsfiil. Kiich DiscnscM ure cuURpd by Vitiated Illood, winch if gt-nerully produced by derangement of the Dig-CNiivu Oriraiiw. DVKI'KPSIA OR INDIGESTION, Bead-ache, l'ain in Coiislis, Tightness of the Client.

liixziueKH. Iv.iir nictations of the Stomach, Bad Tunic- in the Month. Attack. Palpitation ol the Heart, lnfinniniatioii of the l.ungh. Pain in tbe re-fffoii of tlic ami other painful symptoms, are the oflKprinr of Dyspepsia.

Tliey invicei ate Stumncli and stimulate the torpid Liver and Bowels, which renner them of unequalled efficacy iu cleansing the blood of all imparities, and im-partiinr new life and vijjor to the whole system. FOR SKIN DISEASES, Eruption, Tetter. Salt Biieuin, Blotches, Spots, Pimples, Pustules, Boils, Carbuncles. Hea l. Sore yei, Erysipe-Uut.

Itch. Scurfs. JJitt-oloratibu- of the Jrkin. Humors and Diseases of the t-kin. of w.kWt name or nature, aie literally dug up and rurri.vl out of the system in a short time br the use ot these Hitter.

One Uttle in such eases will convince the nin.t of tlieir cura tive effects. Cleanse the Vitiated Llnod whenever you find its imparities bursting tlirousli tho skin in Pimples, Eruptions or Sores; cleanse it when you find it obstructed and sIugsiKli in the veins ck-anso it when it is foul, and your feeliners will tell you when. Keep the Mood pure, and the health qf the system will follow. Pin, Tape, and other Worms, lurking In the system of so many thousands, are effectually destroyed and removed. Says a distinguished physiolosist, there is scarcely an individual upon the bice of the earth whose body is exempt from the presence of worms.

It is uot upon the healthy elements of the body that worms exist, but upon the diseased humors and slimy deposits that breed these living monsters of disease. No 8yst.ein of Medicine, no vermifuges, no anthelmintics will free the system from worms like these Bitters. J. WALKEK, Proprietor. R.

H. MoDONALD Druggists and Gen. Aeents. San Francisco. California, and 32 arid 34 Commerce Street, New York.

B3T80LD BY ALL DKUOOIST8 AND DEALJfBfiL Ivillio Notice. The Managers of the Real Estate Distribution of Memphis for 1871, haye definitely settled upon Tuesday, October 31st for the drawing of the many valnable prizes, ranging from 860 The fortunate holder Of the ticket to win tbe chief prize, TUB NKW MEMPHIS THEATRE, valued at $80 000 and renting for $5,000 per annum, will realize a competency Ior life Oa an Investment of $5. fW Agents nrs instructed to deposit the money received for tickets in any solvent Bank in their locality until after the drawing. None it the. ti ket holders can have any voice in selecting Commissioners to supei intend the drawing All tickets unsold at the time of drawing will be surrendered and tbeir corresponding numbers not.

allowed any representation in the distifbution.thus guaranteeing that none but ticket holders can draw any of the prizes. Tho Eeal Kstate will be conveyed to the winners in fee simple, free fiom all encumbrances and charges. Total amount of property to be drawn for on the 31st of October, 1861, is CoCO.COO. Tickets 13.00 each. Parties desirous of Investing a less amount can form clnbs of five aying one dollar each.

For circulars, tickets, or any information, address by let-tr or apply in person to PAS MOKE KUFFIN, Agents and Managers, 44 Memphis, Tenn. 131 New ork City 104 or J. C. Campbell, Twedole Hall Music est- ri Albany, N. Y.

Herschel Fen-ton, at hi Music stote, Larned Building, Syracuse, V. Fied. W. Ca-1, Insurance and lieal Agent cor. Main and Buffalo, N.Y.

Responsible Agents wanted. Br" We wih it distinctly understood that tho drawing will take place egardlessof the number of tickets sold, on the 31st of October, and that the sa.e tickets will positively close in foieign offices on ihe 2Hh October. l'ussmr Knflin, Agents and Managers. We the nnlersigued. citizens of Memphis, take pleasure in ating that we are personally ac quainted with Messrs.

PASSMOKE RUFFIN, tne managers of the Memphis Heal Ebtatb Iis-tbibution which is to take place on the 31st oi October, 1871, and with pleasure recommend them as gentlemen of probity and capacity, in whose representations our people can place implicit confidence. John Johnson, Mayor ot Memphis W. M. Randolph. City Attorney FELIX W.

KOUKKISOS, City Tax Collector; L- R. RICHARDS, City Reeister Lkon Tkousdale, St-cretary of Chamber of Com merce of Memphis E. A. CeLE, Clerk and Master in Chancery W. M.

McLean, State and Count Tax Collector; P. D. Xioylk, Clerk second Circuitv Court; A. WOODWARD, County TraBtee; J. J.

MUhI'HY, President Memphis Bank. I am acquainted with the reputation of the above named gt utlemen, Messrs iA8MOKK RUFFIN, ai consider them above reproach. C. Bleck-lry. Chairman Connty Court.

The above special endorsements adrled to that t-f our Lusines men and citizens generally, witli tho press, is respectfully submitted to our patrons. Memphis, Tenn. Pdssuiore Riiffln. SIX PBtt CENT. INT ItBST, FREE ii-tf GOVERNMENT TAX.

MARKET SAVINGS BANK. 82 NASSAU NfcW YORK. Open flailv from 10 a. m. to 3 P.

and on MONDAYS and THURSDAYS from 5 to 7 1: M. Interest commences on the first day of each month. WM. VN NAME, President. IIENRY R.

CON KLIN, tecretary. FARMERS' PAINT. are now manufacturing a superior point at i.oif Mf uaints. It 18 a brown, but the shade can be varied by the addition of dry paints. It Is mixed ready for use, and is sold fences, depots, bridges, freight cars, boilers, smokestacks, metal roofs.

c. we also manufacture our celebrated Jteady Xoejlng for covering roof of all descriptions For price list, samples, address the READ YROOFINO 64 Court land StjN.Y READY nts, Read This! WE WII.1, PAY AGENTS A HAJuARY of 30 per week und expenses, or allow a large commission, to sell our new wonderful inven. tiona. Mr- WAG Rdt Marshall, Mloh. IMUNN PublisbersSWen-tifle American, 87 Park Boy, N.

vAtnrthi ii tr confidential. Inventors. eend for Patent lawa and Goida to REDUCTION OF PRICES TO CONFORM TO REDUCTION'. OF. DUTIES.

GREA SAVING TO CONSUMERS BY OET-M TING UP CLUBS. ry send lor our new Price list and a Club form will accompany it containing folldirectloBS naa-ing a large saving to consumer and remunerative to cinh organisers. 1 THE GREAT AMERICAN TEA CO, 31 Ss 33 VKSEY STREET, New Box 8643. Relieved and cured hy Shermsn-sFteat Ap- plianee eases before and after Ith Henry Ward 5 Beecher's eace, letters and portrait. Beware ol.

travel ing impostors, who pretend to have teea-aa-tistants of Da. shkhmam. Try aatfiplea of our great 8-page, 81.09. iUwrtrotstt weekly- 3 yra. established.

Pine eteel engravings mAuwIKam .1. MBiAmu a Send for The Satayday Gaette -Hallo well. Me. ilMONTH-l ftFOB TUB. UTTRAt HOlfK JYt4 Irom Sept, 1 io January, to aU woo -reiuia ibu iiuumaap iffnt HHmtt-nlfiaa fs.nava" Aarl and Family 4: months on trial dl cts.

lmens tree, 1 Kopiuss wucox Rochester. 9 CI iu. aim au tiavw mm I I iC 1 -1 si sta question can easily be given, and it only remains tor such individual to make practical use of the information, which may or may not be new to him. Your business, then, being to assist others to carry forward their plans and operations for a certain amount of compensation, two consequences result What amount of assistance am I to give for the com-pemsation and, Will the compensation be equal to what I do Every business man who pays the market value for the commodities he will, in like manner, find that he will be compelled to pay for the value of these services by the same rule if he does not, some one else will and hence follows the rule, which is inevitable That services, like any other commodity, command in market their true value so that the clerk has but one principle to act on to get the most money out of his situation. This constitutes the whole range of his business life, so far as getting money is concerned, if he determines to remain a clerk.

Many in this line do not know in what consists such value, and if they do, neglect to use the information for their own benefit, and possibly do not know how to proceed to accomplish the object if they know the fact. But one thing may be assumed as true, that there is so much demand for such valuable services, that the moment they can be ascertained they always find a ready purchaser. Habits of living, as well as habits of life, generally have a strong bearing upon the appreciati on in which the clerk is held by the employer, and the confidence he can feel in him, and the security of trusting important matters to his care. So that the more loose habits a clerk has, the less he will be trusted, and his services will of course be less valuable the fewer he has, the more, as a general rule, he can be trusted, and the more valuable will be his services. It may seem of little or no consequence to a young man who is a clerk, to be seen indulging in drink, in cigars, in billiards, or in debauchery of any kind, but the point is not as to the particular drink, cigar, game of billiards, or a given debauch; these will probably not hurt him, nor may it lose him more money than the simple cost, which may be a trifle, but it is the character which the reputation of doing such things implants upon the clerk making him liable, if he is human, to do worse.

No wise man in business would intrust such a clerk with his heavy interests, although there are thousands who do just these things that are as honest as the sun to rise, and could be trusted with untold millions. No one will deny that a loose course of life makes loose morals, and no one can say when the effect will take place. Nor is it intended here to preach a sermon on morals, but to open the eyes of some who complain of fortune, when they themselves have blocked her wheels by such as they supposed innocent and comparatively inexpensive amusements. They may never have cast a thought that these things retarded promotion, advancement, or high salaries but probably have blamed their employers for being mean and close-fisted, and even unjust, by givin to others what they supposed belonge to them. Queer and Vicious Fish.

Among the vast multitudes of living beipgs which inhabit tbe- waters of the globe, there are things beautiful, things ludicrous, and things horrible and fearful, beyond the power of pen to describe. Among the latter class may be included the scorpion fish, which, upon the authority of Dr. Francis Day, is so much feared and dreaded, that fishermen will cut the meshes of their nets, and lose their entire catch rather than risk a wound from it. The fish inflicts its injuries by its dorsal fin, and until this is broken by means of a club or stick, no one acquainted with the character of the fish will venture to touch it with the hand. Another fish, called the crocodile nsh, also inflicts frightful wounds with its spines.

A fish is said to infest the mouth of the Amazon, which, although scarcely larger than the minnow of our fresh water streamlets, is so ferocious in its attacks upon the human body that it is dreaded even more than the crocodiles. The name of this little fish fiend is "can- iron," and when it seizes hold of the flesh, which Tit, never fails to do when occasion offers, it holds on with such a tenacity that it cannot be removed without tearing out a mouthful of flesh. Another fish of South American rivers is the payara," which carries in its lower jaw two fangs, by whioh it cuts a gash as smoothly, as could be done by auizor. The caribe is the vampire of South American streams. It scents blood so keenly, that the least scratch on the person of the bather invites' its' fierce attacks.

It has sharp triangular teeth of great power, and, though no larger than the perch, is an object of dread to all who know its fierce character. f- The Brownsville (Texas) papers report that cattle-stealinor is the onW nt day and night in that section. Thecat- we owners say they will be, obliged to drive their entire stocks to Kansas to avoid losinsr them entirAlvikcr of "armed merchants of Mexico." A Remarkable Invention. In the London Central Telegraph Station one of tbe most important duties to be performed is that of collecting, numbering, and redistributing the messages which are received from and for every conceivable place in the United Kingdom and abroad. A message, for instance, from Brighton would be received in the new or West wing of the building, and if for Leeds or Bradford, or Edinburgh or Glasgow, would have to be carried by hand into the main portion of the provisional gallery a distance probably of fifty yards and in the same way messages from the whole of the south or west of England, for the norther njand midland counties, for Scotland, Ireland, or the metropolis, would have to be carried or blown by pneumatic agency from one portion to another.

To remedy this as much as possible, there has just been introduced into the Central Telegraph Station a most interesting and ingenious adaptation of the system of feeding and delivering from a newspaper printing machine. Sets of endless tape, revolving; in pul leys, and arranged so as to snatch the unfolded message form firmly between them, have been fitted between tbe different floors and rooms of the building, and are now in full operation for the purpose of collecting and redistributing telegrams. The rotary motion is constant and unremitting, so that the tapes are available for carrying in either direction, and as rapidly as the messages can be fed into them. The great advantage over hand collecting is that the service is continuous, and that messages, instead of being allowed to accumulate in lots of three and four, are sent in singly, one after another, as fast as they reach the feeding table. The facility with which these tapes snap up the messages, and the precision with which they deliver them are truly remarkable, while the constant stream of messages up, down, across, and overhead, is a very interesting and pretty sight.

-The working cost is merely nominal, power being derived from an engine already in use, in connection with the pneumatic system, and from the peculiar motion of the tapes they, so to speak, act the part of driving bands, and are thus to a large extent self-sustaining. A Perennial Stream of Gold. There is no country under the sun which is so enormously enriched by its absent sons, as Great Britain. A perfect stream of gold is forever flowing in upon that small island from all parts of the world. Not only are the thousands heaped up in India, China, America (North and South,) and Australia brought back by those who have been fortunate in their career abroad to spend and.

bequeath in the country where alone they imagine they, can enjoy all the good things of this world, but the humbler class, who are in their degree euooessful abroad, are continually remitting amounts which make a splendid aggregate. The returns of the Emigration Commissioners show that in the twenty-three years from 1848 to 1870 inclusive there has been sent home from North America, through banks and commercial houses, a sum upwards of Of what has been sent home through private channels there is no.

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