The Courier News from Blytheville, Arkansas on August 19, 1954 · Page 1
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The Courier News from Blytheville, Arkansas · Page 1

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Thursday, August 19, 1954
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BLYTHEVILLE COURIER NEWS THE DOMINANT NEWSPAPER OF NORTHEAST ARKANSAS AND SOUTHEAST MISSOURI VOL. L—NO. 126 Blytheville Courier Blytheville Daily News Mississippi Valley Leader Blytheville Herald BLYTHEVILLE, AKKANSAS, THURSDAY, AUGUST, 19, 1954 FOURTEEN PAGES Published Daily Except Sunday EDC Action Could Swing France Left Premier Cites Likely Effect of Plan Rejection BRUSSELS, Belgium (AP) — French Premier Pierre Mendes-France said today that if his proposals for changing the European Army Treaty are rejected France might swing in another crisis to a leftist government similar to the pre-war "popular front." The popular front was a coalition of Socialists and Radical Socialists headed by Socialist Leon Blum. Its policy was social reform, rather than Marxism. But the period was marked by widespread strikes and other disorders. Mendes-France made his statement to a six-nation meeting of foreign ministers convened to discuss changes in the European Defense Community (EDO pact. His remarks were relayed to newsmen by a German source. By the account of his informant: The French Premier said the present treaty has no chance of being accepted by the French Parliament, due to start debating it Aug. 28. He said he had drawn his proposals for revision to find some way of salvaging something from the idea. He declared rejection of his proposals would certainly result in a negative vote in the parliament. This could be followed, he argued, by a crisis in the North Atlantic Community. All this would be a victory for the Russians, he asserted—a victory "which would cost them nothing.' 7 "Sounds OK" A French source, when told of this version, said "that sounds OK." Shortly after- Mendes-France spoke, however, Dutch Foreign Minister J. W. Beyen bluntly said the French proposals were not acceptable to his government. Beyen said that Mendes- France's statement this morning had made a "totally different impression" than the text of the proposed changes. The note on the changes was transmitted through diplomatic channels last Saturday. Paul-Henri Spaak, Belgian foreign minister and president of the \ conference, appeared discouraged as the group broke up after a meeting of almost two hours on general aspects of the crisis provoked by Mendes-France's proposed changes. Spaak refused to make any statement, saying it was too early to know what might develop. The ministers planned to continue the general discussion this afternoon Only 15 men attended this morning's meeting. The ministers sought an intimate atmosphere for a free discussion of their views. West Germany and Italy had three representatives present, and the other See MENDES-FRANCE on Page 2 INDUSTRIAL BUILDING NEARLY COMPLETE — Steel frame- *work of the Central Metal Products Co., building is outlined against the sky prior to roofing work which has been in progress this week Work on the building- is progressing according to schedule although company spokesmen have indicated they will not be ready to occupy the Mathis Street structure until next month, somewhat later than anticipated. (Courier News Photo) Act Is Signed by Ike WASHINGTON (AP) — An increase in irrigation in Arkansas and other Southern states was predicted by Sen. Fulbrigbt (D-Ark) today as a result of a new law signed by- President Eisenhower. The new law, sponsored by Fulbright;'Sen. Eastland (E-Miss) and others, extends to all states the water facilities act previously applicable only to the Western states. Under the law, farmers or groups of farmers may borrow federal funds to finance development of water supplies for irrigation, construction of necessary irrigation structures and purchase of equipment. "This law paves the way for development of additional water facilities in Arkansas," Fulbright told a reporter. He said development of water supplies for irrigation—wells and reservoirs—would enable many farmers to grow crops in times of drought and make it possible for Arkansas and other Southern states to grow more food for the nation. S5 Million Provided He said that an appropriation bill sent to the White House yesterday provides five million dollars to start the program in the Southern and Eastern states not heretofore included in the law. The law also authorizes the Agriculture Department to set up a program under which the federal government will insure similar loans made by banks to farmer? for development of water supplies. It was an amendment by Fulbright in the Senate that hikes the amount to five million. The Budget Bureau recommended five million but the Senate Appropriations Committee cut the amount to 3% million. Fulbright convinced the Senate the full five million should be voted. The House agreed to the amount and it was included in the bill. Missco s REA Co-Op Re-Elects Directors The 12-man board of directors of the Mississippi County Electric Co-Operative, Inc., was re-elected yesterday when the REA co-op held its annual meetinig at Walker Park here. Principal speaker was Harry L. Oswald of Little Rock, executive manager of the Arkansas State Electric Co-Operative, who spoke to a crowd estimated by an REA spokesman at 5,000 persons. Weather ARKANSAS — Clear to partly cloudy and hot this afternoon, tonight and Friday with widely scattered thunderstorms extreme north this afternoon and tonight. MISSOURI — Considerable cloudiness throught tonight and Friday with scattered showers and central; little warmer west Friday. Minimum this mornlng—79. Maximum yesterday—103. Sunrise tomorrow—5:24. Sunset today—6:44. Mean temperature (midway between hlsh and low)—91. Precipitation Jan. 1 thli late — 26.62. This Date tmst Year Maximum yesterday—83. Minimum this morning—«8. r.'eclpttatiou January 1 to date— 14.71 Re-named to the board are President Charley Lutes, Blytheville; Vive President Tom Callis of Route 1, Luxora; Secretary - Treasury Charles R. Coleman of Osceola; B. B. Threlkeld, Route 1, Manila; Claude Duncan and C. W. Garrigan, both of Route 4, Blytheville; J. B. Johnson of Manila; W. E. Hagen, Route 1, Blytheville; Lloyd Shelton, Route 3. Osceola; R. L. Houck, Luxora; Earl Wildy, Route 2, Leachville; and W. C. Johnson of Route 3, Osceola. The president's report was read by Manager H. C. Kappenberger and revealed that connected membership of the co-op has stood virtually still for the past two years at 4,257. It was revealed the co-op had strengthened and rebuilt 14 miles of line during the past year and plans to do the same in the next 12 months. Treasurer Coleman reported an operating margin of $77,970 for the year, with over-all repayment to the government of $127,877. Tax payments for the past year totaled $15,347. Mr. Oswald in his talk called the joint ownership of a two-million- dollar rural electric system "the biggest prize of membership in the Mississippi County electric co-operative." He emphasized that the board of directors is "dedicated to giving you an ample supply of electricity at rates as low as practical," citing the recent rate increase by Arkansas Power & Light Co. to its 85,000 consumers. "Your board of directors will not increase your rates," Mr. Oswald said, "Unless the cost of wholesale power to this co-optative is raised." "I want to urge all of you to do Fined $100 for DWI Virgil Simpkins was fined $100 and costs and sentenced to 24 hours in jail on a plea of guilty in Municipal Court today to a charge of driving while under the influence of liquor. C. W. Doss forfeited bond of $19.75 on a charge of driving without ft driver'• your part as good co-op members. Take an interest in what your coop does, attend its annual meetings, and —above all— back up your board of directors and your manager in their efficient business-like conduct of your business." New Wing Scheduled ior Warehouse Ex-Italian Premier Succumbs SELLA VAL SUGANA, Italy Alcide de Gasperi, statesman who led the lean old Italy out of postwar chaos and onto the path of democracy, died today of a heart attack. \ Death came to the former Premier as he rested here in his north Italy mountain retreat, "far from Rome and the political .wars in which he had battled without respite for nearly a decade. His passing robbed the cause of European union of one of its staunchest supporters. Italy's struggle against communism lost one of its hardest fighters. Although it was known the 73- year-old leader's health was failing, there had been no public hint he was seriously ill. Only-aHer his death was it revealed that he had suffered a heart attack a week ago. His condition was not considered serious until Tuesday, when the heart pains became more in-' tense. Suffers New Attacks He suffered another attack at 2 a.m. today and .died an hour later after still another seizure. His family was at his bedside. De Gasperi had stepped down from the titular leadership of his pro - Western, middle-of-the-road Christian Democrat party—Italy's largest—a little more than a month ago. H( ended his l l / z years as head of the Italian government a year ago. in July 1953, after losing a confidence vote in the Italian Parliament. But^ his party supplied succeeding cabinets and a prote- ge of De Gasperi, former Interior Minister Mario Scelba, now holds the premiership. A messenger Drought the news of the death before dawn to Scelba and the Premier hurried from his own vacation spot, Fiuggi. to the scene of the death of his old mentor. Known in the troublesome early days of the Italian republic as the master of political compromise, De Gasperi changed later to become a two-fisted foe of the growing menace of communism. Fought Fascists, Reds The tall, hawk-faced leader first became premier in December 1945 because he was leader of Italy's biggest party. A noted anti-Fascist imprisoned often by Mussolini, he had served since the previous April as foreign minister. In his first two years as premier he tried to work with his nation's Communists and fellow- Version of Anti-Red Measure Construction now under way will increase capacity of Blytheville Warehouse by over 100.000 cubic j traveling Socialists, but in the feet, manager Dick Gettle announced today. The new structure will adjoin the present building which is located at the intersection of Highway 61 and Hutson. Increase in space will mean addition of only two or three employ- es, Mr. Gettle pointed out. Four laborers currently are employed. During the past year, the warehouse averaged handling 46.5 tons of goods every working day and with the addition of the new wing, the company will become a "400-car shipper"—That is it is to ship 400 cars each year, something of a goal in the warehousing industry. Inside Today's Courier News In American, Schedule Is Futile . . . Coast's Charley Powell Is Boxinf, Grid Phenom . . . Sports . . . Pafe* 6 and 7 ... After 15 Years As a Salesman, Joiner Minister Switches Products , . . Joiner News . . . Pajre 3 .... . . . Holland N'ews . . . Cooler News . . . Manila News , . . Osceola News . . . Page 5 ... . . . County Officials Lauded by Lack of Opposition . , . Editorials . . . Pa*e 8 ... spring of 1947 abandoned the effort and in the 1948 elections inflicted a smashing defeat on the Reds, years after that he Reds at every turn, For five fought the battling to keep his nation closely allied with the United States and the anti-Communist West, pushing the cause of European unity. Portion Making Membership a Crime Modified WASHINGTON (AP) — Senate-House conferees came up with a compromise anti-Communist bill today by dropping a provision making mere membership in the Communist party punishable by fine and imprisonment. In its place, they put a clause saying a person who is a member of a Communist-action group shall be subject to the penalties provided in the 1950 Internal Security Act. The 1950 law, of which Sen. McCarran (D-Nev) was the author, provides that members of Communist-action groups shall be barred from defense plants, from employment by the federal government and from obtaining a passport. In addition, if they fail to register with the attorney general as required by law, they are subject to imprisonment for five years and to a fine of $10,000, McCarran, a member of the conference committee, said the compromise bil "makes certain that all of the provisions and penalties of the Internal Security Act shall prevail." Administration doubts about earlier versions of anti-Communist legislation had been based on concern that it might destroy the registration provisions of the Internal Security Act and hamper prosecutions for conspiring to teach and advocate the forcible overthrow of the government under the Smith Act. Approved One Objection The section of the bill, making Communist party membership a criminal offense, sponsored by Sen. Humphrey (D-Minn) and other Democrats, was twice approved by the Senate and once by the House over the objections of the administration. The schedule called for the new compromise version to be submitted first to the Senate and then to the House. Sen. Butler (R-Md) told reporters that the Senate-House confer- j ees agreed oa it unanimously. Other parts of the measure would strip the Communist party of its legal rights and privileges and deprive labor unions, found to be Communist-infiltrated, of their legal standing before the National Labor Relations Board. Before the conference agreement, Sen. Knowland of California, the Republican leader, said he was confident 'the group would produce a measure acceptable to Atty. Gen. Brownell. Knowland said also he thought President Eisenhower would sign any bill Congress might pass which was aimed at the Communist There has been speculation President Eisenhower might veto a bill such as the Senate passed Tuesday with language making party membership a crime. A senator familiar with what went on at a series of huddles late last night said he understood the changes to be recommended would involve a series of 14 points of "evidence" which juries would have to consider in any charge against a person for alleged membership in the Communist party That language was written by Sen. Humphrey (D-Minn). Another senator, who also declined to be quoted by name, said he understood the Justice Department wanted language to prevent possible interference with amisub- versive prosecutions now under way. The Senate version of the bill would strip the Communist party of all legal rights, such as the rignt to be listed on a voting ballot. It would make membership in the party punishable by five years in jail and a $10,000 fine. * * * AMONG MDDC PUSHERS — Among men working in formation of the Missouri Delta Development Commission, a Southeast Missouri group seeking new industry for the area are (left to right) J. C. Kinningham of Steele, W. D. Byrd of Caruthersville, Russell Little of Steele, Chris Wentezll of Steele, Gordon S. Wright of Caruthersville, Cleo Garrett of Steele and Glenn Eaker of Hayti. The men constitute Pemiscot County's representation on the group's executive committee. Seven counties are participating in the group's activity. (Courier Newt Photo) S.E. Missouri Sets Out (EDITOR'S NOTE: This is the first in a series of three articles explaining and reporting the formation and activity of the Missouri Delta Development Commission. By GRAHAM SUDBTJRY, JR. (Courier News Staff Writer) Southeast Missouri is going to attract new industry. A flat statement such as the preceding may sound premature since no contracts have been signed and no contact work begun but, in the light of an expansive program undertaken by a large group of residents of the area, it's not overly presumptious. Inquiries Additional Drouth Aid Status Asked WASHINGTON tJl— Two Senat* investigations involving Sen. McCarthy were threatened witfc schedule-upsetting delays today, but apparently not because of disputes over the controversial Wisconsin Republican. Leaders of both Senate groups said the stumbling block was unexpectedly difficult work. The Senate Investigations subcommittee, which conducted the 36 this section, joining of hands of da >' s ° f McCarthy-Army hearings, business and agriculture, a far . Just about gave up hope of reach- sighted sroup of farmers, business u * a veraict ^ ^ end of thut In an almost unprecedented, for and professional men have locker efforts in a concerted move to obtain the lifeblood of area development — new capital. The common ground for this joining of forces is one of primary interest to all of the groups — basic economy of the territory. LITTLE ROCK ItP) — "In many And the modus operandi for the sections of Arkansas farmers are group's efforts is a revolutionary being hit harder economically by (again for this area) organization 0 , . . . ,,.. ^ ii__ <;tvlpd t.hp Missouri Delta DRvelon- drought conditions than were the residents of Europe by the devastation of war." styled the Missouri Delta ment Commission. Spread over j seven-countv week — the date Chairman Mundt (R-SD) had set. And a special Senate committea headed by Sen. Watkins (R-tJtah) to study a proposed resolution of censure against McCarthy indicated it may have to postpone the start of public hearings beyond the scheduled premiere Aug. 30. McCarthy announced he would enter no protest against a deferred ! start. Edward Bennett Williams, McCarthy's counsel, said, "We have That was the warning received i area, the neophyte industry-seek-j no plans to ask for a continuing organization is made up of! ance. out it would be working yesterday by President Eisenhower and Seceretary of Agriculture Benson in a telegram from Orval Faubus. Democratic nominee for governor. Faubus sent telegrams to Eisenhower, Benson, both Arkansas senators and all members of the state's Congressional delegation. Faubus said Arkansas farmers had used up almost all their feedj for cattle and "are preparing to! send them to market." j "We need enough federal aid now to save those basic herds," he said. ^resent plans, ettorts and subsidies are far insufficient to meet the need. Faubus told the national officers. Fulbright Hits Program Meanwhile in Washington, Sen. Fulbright (D-Ark) called the administration i, drought program inadequate and "penny-pinching." Fulbright, in a speech before the Senate, said. "In Arkansas the situation already is desperate," "The Department of Agriculture," Fulbright said, "has in effect in Arkansas a feed program under which an allowance of 60 cents per hundredweight is given those who qualify to buy grain." "Correspondents tell me that the 60 cents will not, in numerous areas, pay the inflation in the cost j representatives from Pemiscot, j under pressure." he said, if he Dunklin, Scott, New Madrid, j had to get ready his defense by Stoddard, Butler and Mississippi j Aug. 30. Counties, and consists of more j Mundt said in an interview he tr \n than 100 civic-minded men j still sees some hope of getting out and women who've set their sights! a verdict by Saturday, for the area's future development! But Senators Jackson CD-Wash) high — and expect to attain their j and Dirkse n (R-H1), assigned by goal- j the other five subcommittee mem- i bers to write a tentative draft re- THE IDEA for such an organi- i port, expressed no such confi- zatio' — fermenting in the minds} dence. Jackson told reporters h« of several prominent Southeasti <joubts the job can be finished be- Missourians for some time — j f 0re Tuesday. came to the fore about two months ! __ ago. At a meeting of representa-j tives from each of the area's coun-j ties in Sikeston in late June. Hil-; ton L. Bracey, executive vice pres-j ident of the Missouri Cotton Pro-; ducer's Association, in which plans i for the MDDC first took form, \ voiced the opinion of a growing j number when he said that, "All! of us realize the best economic aid to agriculture is a fully employed labor force at good wages." Mr. Bracey, a Portageville resident, pointed out that mechanization and perfection of chemical control is slowly beginning to eliminate cotton laborers, with the ensuing loss of field laborers to other areas where they seek economic survival. The future of the Delta. Bracey told the group gathered at Sikeston, depends on the of grains resulting from the feed' united front of farmer and town shortage," Fulbright said. i folks. "Even though a loss in pop- Fulbright said, "This is no time j ulation would hit our merchants to be pinching pennies. See INDUSTRY on Page 2 3 Bills Between Congress, Adjournment By JOE HALL WASHINGTON LB — The second session of the 83rd Congress reached its final stages today, with only three major matters to be disposed of before a final gavel on all legislative business. The three are a compromise foreign aid bill providing $2,781,000,000 in new cash, a bill to ban the Communist party and a bill to broaden and liberalize the social security system. There was a chance all of these could be passed and sent to President Eisenhower by tonight. Some of the lawmakers thought tomorrow was more likely for the windup, and a few pessimists still expected the session run over to early next week. The way lc<j: lution has b"en taking * surprise turn at the last minute, there was just no telling. When legislative business is completed, the House will be able to quit until January. But the Senate may come back later to dispose of the recommendations of its special committee on the motion to censure Sen. McCarthy (R-Wis). Senate-House conferees agreed on the compromise foreign aid appropriation yesterday, and it was expected to whip through both branches today in short order. This is the final money bill of the session. However, the two other big measures remained to be hammered out in conference. Conferees' Problem The administration is opposed to a provision written into an anti- Communist bill by the Senate which would slap heavy penalties and fines on indivdual party members. The conferees were seekng some way to meet administration objections, and still satisfy the majority in both Senate and House which have voted to ban the party through individual penalties. The Justice Department has expressed fear that making membership in the party illegal will interfere with prosecution of Red leaders under present laws. The social security bill, a must item on the President's list and also that of nearly all of the lawmakers, is hung up over a con- roversy as to coverage. The administration is seeking to extend social security coverage to 3.600.000 farm operators and 500.000 professional people but was turned down on this by the Senate. i The House accepted the Presi- [ dent's position on coverage in large part, and its conferees are demanding that the two groups be included in the compromise bill. The Senate representatives have been just as adamant against it. A controversy over a pay raise for 500,000 postal workers and !!••> million civil service - classified workers still could delay adjournment. Chances Dim But chances for the raise dimmed considerably yesterday after administration leaders again made clear that the President would not approve one without a postal rate increase. The Senate batted it around for ! a while yesterday, then put it back ion the shelf. But the lawmakers i Sec CONGRESS <m P»fe I Fire-Fighters Ring Arkansas Forest Blaze LITTLE ROCK (#)—State foresters and volunteers were ringed arcund a big forest fire near Roland today and if all goes well it's expected to die down by tonight. Fire-lighters on the scene estimate that 600 acres of forest land are ablaze. But State Forester Fred Lang said at Little Rock today unless it flared up again, the fight was won. The fire, which started Monday, was out of control till yesterday. It's near the Arkansas River on the Pulaski-Perry county line. Yesterday it threatened the nearby community of Little Italy. The state forestry department listed 43 fires burning on a total of 1,110 acres of the state's tinder- j dry forests yesterday. A fire on j about 100 acres broke out two milei i northeast of Russellville. Nine fires were raging on about 160 acres in the Sheridan area. The Crossett area had eight fires on 61 acres. And one fire between Delight and Antoine in Pike County burned 80 acres yesterday. Foresters have warned the state'! residents not to start fires for any reason, including the burning of trash. With no rain in sight, State Forester Lang has termed the condition of Arkansas forests "the most explosive in 20 years." Ike Starts GOP DnVt SPRINGFIELD, HI. Ufi — President Eisenhower arrived by air today for a speech at Republican Day ceremonies at the Illinois State Pair — the first speech In ! what amounts to a cross-country j drive for a tighter Republican bold 'on

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