Oakland Tribune from Oakland, California on December 2, 1953 · 3
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Oakland Tribune from Oakland, California · 3

Oakland, California
Issue Date:
Wednesday, December 2, 1953
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Oakland . Meets Held at Techni . ;Says Former Ctgflnd frem Pag 1 - ... Tjetmer toUl Mass the wmnut- te has been informed that in- filtration of teachers 'organiza-i tioftf is a orimarr objective of the. communist party We betleve you konw something about communist activities in ius area. Can you help us?" he asked. &f ass, who was accompanied by Atty. Lawrence Speiser of the; Civil Liberties Union, refused to' answer. Tavenner asked if Mass did not consider it his duty to aid the; idir.iMn fif forrrr mmm.mi.t party membership on a school caIled a 'p-work meeting that doeument and asked: "If that W,H Ue UP Prt activities tomor-sutersent was true then, why do row- and OIld member to you refuse to answer now?" Earher today, the committee ran into another unco-operauve witness as it opened the second day of hearings in San Francisco. He was Roy Hudson, 43, now rJ? Francisco w.th a long; reefcrd cf activity m communist party affairs, throughout the Na-i r r-.w t . ,,, -a-' i- kLja AICiUlCi, L'JUUI-i.kCC 1 cour-sel. opened questioning by, identifying Hudson as a former member of the national rommit-tee of the communist party, a delegate to the seventh world conference of the communist in-terftatioral at Moscow m 1935, nd a leader in communist infiltration cf trade unions. PIT OS SHELF The committee has informa- icy, ar.d rther Eastbay cities the tioo that you were openly a site of important mi'litary bases, member of the communist party,, vast shipping industry, and the as late J 1M3," Tavenner said, j Univ it7 o California with its He added that Hudson had ip-'atomic research laboratories. parentjy been -put on the shelf- j since that time because cf dis-i agreement with party leaders, offered Hudion the crnnr- Uiruty to declare "whether you till owe allegiance to the com mumst party or to tr.e United States. Hudson, far.ked by Atty George Andersen, refused to acknowledge any of Tavenner's statemer.'j or answer any ques- tiers, on the grounds of possible ae.f-i.ncr.mtr.aUon Quoting from a letter dated February 8, 1934. and signed "Hudson" which the witness declined to identify as his signa- ture Tavenner sought unsuc- cessfuily to obtain information about an H. Jackson, who was aarr.ed by a committee witness yesterday as a party functionary The letter cautioned Jackson to ask no questions about one Cecrge Mink, who according to Tavenner was then In hiding. The committee counsel said Mink had ence been arrested as a So- viet spy in Copenhagen. Den- rark r.A t-n believed to have played an important role in the 1944 waterfront strike in San Francisco. Hudson refused to answer ruestions about a possible connection with Whittaker Cham- yrt InrrrfT communist who re canted, and J. Peters, notorious h,v t!7in to locate Gold- corr'-unist leader bIatt ,or lhre weeks, but have BRIDGES TESTIMONY been unable to serve a bpena on him. In Honolulu, where he During the deportation trial of arTlVed Sunday night, is is out-Harry Bridges m 1933. Hudson tldc the committee's jurisdiction. was identified as the leader of maritime activities for the com munist party. Bridges himself testified that Hudson was a com- munist leader, with whom he conferred frequently. Waiting for appearance scheduled today were several Eastbay residents. Araor.g those erpected to ap- pear were Charles (Chili) Du-1 Wheeler, Donald N. Wheeler, named in penas in federal court an FBI memorandum as an as- Velde said they will be ques-sociate cf Harry Dexter White tioned along the general lines of and linked to the Gregory Silver- the investigation his committee master spy ring, refused to testify is making. when he was called before the Wheeler, turning to Andersen House Committee on Un-Ameri- for coaching before making any can Activities at a hearing in response to the questions, re- San Francxsco yesterday. Wheeler, no w 40 and. dairy r JT: report to the White House by r cia ted with any organic-FBI Director J. Edgar Hoover on, Uc" or .individual connnected November. 1945. The dcument.wlLl"PlonaSe or tempts to previously a top secret, was re-1 overthrow the government or leased by Atty. Gen. Herbert ,MW nT inquiries about his Brownell in testimony before the wartime employment or his pre- t Internal Security Com- war associations. mittee Ust month. Called to the stand late in the Hi stock answer to questions afternoon. Wheeler was reluctant put by Chairman Ha. old H. from the first In hushed tones, Velde, and Committee Counsel be gave his name to the commit-Frmnk Tavenner Jr, and other tee and said he was born October committeemen was: j 23, 1913. and then outlined his "I refuse to answer that ques- educational background Reed tion under the privileges of the College in Portland, Oxford in Titxh amendment" j England and the University of In spite of insistence from the, Paris in France, committee it would be to his ad-j But when asked by Tavenner vantage to answer questions, about his employment since leav-Wheeler. in cocstant consultation mg the University of Paris in with hi attorney. George An-j 1933, he "copped" hi first con-d arson who was at his side, held! stitutional: steadfast in refusing to reply. I refuse to answer tinder the Although still not released privilege of the Fifth Amend-froxn the subpena under which rr.ent" he was called from his farm in Washington, Wheeler is not ex-1 pected to be asked to give ; further testimony. Velde indicated that some of the Eastbay witnesses, who he tajd have been named as members . of the communist party, will follow Wheeler's lead in refusing to answer questions. They were among those who last week Lacked the validity cf the sub- ; Red Get! : calHigh, r ' Undercover Spy I art, president of Warehouse- men's Locl 6i and Paul Heide. agent for the unionT 171 were nmed comma, I" yesterday in testimony be- fore the committee by Louis Rosser. Los Angeles Negro and former leader in the party. He also named Louis Goldblatt sec-re ta r y-treasurer of Harry Bridges' International Longshoremen's and Warehousemen's Union; Richard Lynden. secre tory of Local 6: and Jack Olson, ! former ILWU publicity man. j STOP-WORK PROTEST In protest against the SDot- lighting of the ILWU. the union ii.aiLu un uic oiin r run Cisco City Hall, where the hearings are being held. Rosser yesterday laid the background for the probe in lengthy and detailed testimony on what he called communist for TtvoltioTU M . i j : 4U. v . T . . . , . . inist League, he was instructed in sabotage and incitement of labor unions and Negro people at red schools. Rosser declared. Naming scores of people he said he knew a communists. Rosier set the stage for today's effort to uncover evidence of communist activity here. Chairman Howard H. Velde (R. 111.), said the hearing today will center on Oakland. Berke- SILENCE INDICATED ..... Indications were that the East- bay witnesses will refuse to te?!lfy Duarte, long a leader on the Eastbay waterfront, announced yesieraay mat ne nas Deen sud- penaed, but declared: My posi tion is that I will answer any ; Questions that I deem proper. But any improper questions. I Wlil va" myself or tnose rignts an privileges endowed to every American." Duarte said: "Anybody who knows me knows I am not a communist, but if you think I'm going to tell this congressional committee that, I'm not" Rosser that he testified under oath knew Duarte, Heide, Lynden, and Olsen while he was working as a longshoreman in 1944. He said all four were communists. GOLDBLATT ABSENT , , Goldblatt. ranked as second on f to Bridges in ILWU affairs, wlU not svailable for appear- r- tore the committee He is in Honolulu, where last night he was quoted by the As- sociated Press as saying: The committee isn t interested in me. It's the union they're after." Committee aides said they Among others named by Ros ser was Hugh Bryson. president 0f the National Union of Marine Cocks and Stewards. Rosser said he met Bryson at a state con- vention of the communist party in 1938. Bryson is now awaiting trial on perjury charges. He said Rosser is trying to prejudice his case in advance of the trial. Named ! fused to say whether or not he ;h,d ev n , memb of communist party, a member of And he likewise refused to tell what hi first job after Paris was or even if he had been em- ployed at all Obviously nettled by Wheeler's hostility. Rep. Gordon Scherer (R Ohio), demanded that he be directed to answer the questions. Bat when that direction came from Velde, Wheeler refused again. "I decline to answer." he ..:! 4 1" ' ' : r II u - . A V ' ., r i.-r- - - 5; .V,'V rrffin f . a j i i 'w 5 i Four members of the House Committee on Un-American Activities who arc tittina for hearings in San Francisco are (upper, 'eft to right) Gordon Scherer (R, Ohio). Donald L. Jackson (R. Calif.). Chairman Howard H. Velde (R. I1L). and 'M'Carthyism' Dictionary Waits Verdict SPRINGFIELD, Mass., Dec. 2. Of) Dr. Philip B. Gove, general editor of the Merriam-Webster Dictionary, says the word "McCarthyUm" will not get into the dictionary "for a few years, perhaps even a decade." He said last night: "As long as McCarthy is a senator and is in the news, the meaning of McCarthyism may change from week to week, preventing the settling and stabilizing phase a word must go through before it gains dictionary status." Former President Truman had said in a television and radio broadcast last month that "McCarthyism" had taken on a dictionary meaning in the world. Sierra Red Raid Figure Gets Bail Sidney Steinberg, communist party official accused of harboring and aiding an escaped high communist leader, was free today on $36,000 bond. Steinberg had been held with four other persons arrested along with Robert G. Thompson, top New York communist official, in a Sierra hideout last August. U.S. Commissioner Joseph Kar-esh in San Francisco ordered Steinberg released pending trial December 11. The four others previously were released on bail and Thompson was sent to Alca-traz after his capture on a 1949 conviction of conspiracy to overthrow the government Steinberg's bond was supplied by a Miss Lillian Brody, Bronx, N.Y. Spy by FBI, Silent stated. I refuse to be a witness against myself." Again after refusal and a direction from Velde, the witness did admit that he was an instructor in government at Yale University in 1938 and 1939. But when asked if, during that period, he was affiliated with the American Federation of Teachers Union, Wheeler refused to answer. He said that he had never been a member of any fraternal, professional or scholastic societies or the German-American Bund or Silvershirts but refused to answer when asked if he had Donald N. Wheeler. - Se-quiin Wash., farmer named recently an rm FBI spy fist, refused to testify bie th Hons CommH-t on Un-American Activities: yesterday. Members Named Why Rosser Quit Commie Party The 1944 Port Chicago explosion led Louis Rosser, Los Angeles Negro who was the star witness before the House Committee on Un-American Activities yesterday, to quit the communist party after 11 years of activity in its top circles. Rosser recalled that Negro sailors who refused to load ships after the blast were threatened with court martial. Rosser, who testified that he had joined the communist party in 1933 to help Negroes gain equality, said he suggested to William Schneiderman, California red boss, that action be taken backing the sailors. "Schneiderman looked out the window and said to me, 'Rosser, what's more important, loading those ships for the Soviet Union, or those 50 men going to jail?' " the witness testified. "I made up my mind that if I could get out of the party, I was going to get out," the witness added. Rosser attributed his disillusionment also to sudden changes ,of the party line, which followed i events such as the Hitler-Stalin! pact in 1939 when the party! became pro-revolution and anti war and Hitlers invasion o: Russia in 1940, when the party! soft-pedalled revolution and; backed aid to Russia. j Rosser said he had come oj realize during the period of lhej Hitler-Stalin pact that the com-1 munists were using the Negroes,! because they "sabotaged every effort of the Negro people to build a jobs movement and urged Negro youths to disregard the draft calL" ever belonged to the communist party. Tavenner then referred to November 18 newspaper reports of Federal Bureau of Investigation Director Hoover's testimony before a Senate Committee that Wheeler was a member of the Harry Dexter White spy ring and others which quoted Wheeler denying the charge as "false and malicious." "Did you make that statement?" the committee counsel asked. Wheeler demanded to see the clippings and then after consultation with his lawyer, again refused to answer. And he declined to state whether the charges were true or false or if he had been em ployed by the Treasury Depart ment or the Office of Strategic Services at the time. He then admitted that he had attended Oxford on a Rhodes Scholarship but when queried about communist activities there, he again stood on constitutional grounds and refused to answer. Were you affiliated with the communist party of the United States at any time after 1938?" Tavenner queried but the witness balked again. "Are. you familiar with the 1948 testimony of Miss Elizabeth Bentley before this committee?" Tavenner demanded. "No, sir," Wheeler answered. Tavenner then hit back hard, reading the confessed communist courier's testimony that she knew Wheeler as a member of the "Perlo group" of the communist party. Miss Bentley at that time charged that Victor Perlo; for mer government official, was af i: i V,- I ' 5? Clyde Doyle (D, Calif.). In the foreground are members of the committee staff (left to right), Juliette P. Jorax. acting clerk; Frank S. Tavenner. chief counsel; John McGrath. clerk, supervisors office; and W. A. Wheeler, investigator. 'Loaded' Safe Blows Up in Bandits' Faces A safe loaded with tear gas and $1200 "blew up" today in the faces of two men who stole it. Burglars took the safe from the Albany Bowl at 540 San Pablo Avenue, Albany. They drove with it to a cottage by a creek in the rear of 3424 Paxton Street and started to open it Tear gas inside it escaped and drove them out of the place. Police found them a few minutes later in a car parked in the driveway. The pair, Henry Paredes, 21, of 1320 54th Street, and Clifford Taylor, 21, of 1425 11th Avenue, admitted taking the safe, police said. Even with masks police were unable to enter the gas-filled cottage until the -fumes had dissipated. Police said the safe, which weighed 400 pnunds,;was wheled out the rear door of the bowling alley sometime after 1 a.m. What the thieves didn't know was that it was equipped with an electrically wired grenade which was set to explode the fumes if the safe " were not opened by the correct combination. Neighbors, alerted about 8 a.m. by heavy pounding from the Paxton Street cottage, called police. Frank Lacey, of 5937 Fairview Avenue, El Cerrito, manager of the Bowl, did not know the safe had been stolen until it was re covered. Birth Records WASHINGTON, Dec. 2. An estimated 60 million native-born Americans have no legal proof of their birthplace. at Quiz filiated with a Soviet espionage ring which delivered secret documents to her for transmission to the Russians. J. Edgar Hoover, in his testimony on the Harry Dexter White scandal, listed Perlo, White and Wheeler as among 13 Soviet agents known to the FBI. Wheeler, however, refused to answer when asked if he had known Elizabeth Bentley, or had ever traveled between Washington and New York City to meet her and give secret documents to her. "What position did Harry Dexter White hold in the Treasury Department at that time?" Tavenner askedi But Wheeler again declined to answer and likewise refused to state whether he had known White, how he got his own job with the Treasury Department or if he had delivered any classi fied information to Perlo or anyone else. The witness then refused to say whether or not he had par ticipated in : the formulation of the Morgenthau Plan for tier many. Harry Dexter White has been generally credited as the author of that war-time pan to turn Germany into ah agrarian buffer state after the cessation of hostilities. Then, with the committee becoming obviously irritated, Tavenner questioned: "Actually. Mr. Wheeler, you have determined not to answer any questions put to you by this committee, is that not a fact?" And after smother hurried con ference with Anderesen, Wheeler insisted: T am answering them tc the best of my ability and on the advice of counsel." Ike OK's Dulles' McCarthy Blast Continued from Page 1 ture by the time the congres sional elections occur next year, McCarthy told a Nation-wide radio and television audience last week that communism would be I an issue and that the question of continuing his hunt for subversives would be the main issue in ! the election of a Republican Con gress. FOREIGN POLICY BLAST It was in the same speech that McCarthy took some cracks at Administration foreign policy. The gist of his criticism was that this country should be tougher in dealing with its Allies. Eisenhower said that if the United States "should turn im patiently to coercion of other free nations, our brand of coer cion, so lar as our friends are concerned, would be a mark of the imperialist rather than of the leader." ) He said: "By next fall I hope that the public, no longer fearful that communists are destructively at work within the government, will wish to commend the efficiency of the Administration in eliminating ths menace to the Nation's security." He said "the best way to keep subversives out of the government is not to employ them in the first place." BACKS BROWNELL Commenting on Democratic charges of laxity against the Justice Department, the President said he has as much confidence in Attorney General Brownell as in any other Cabinet member. This does not mean members of his Administration, including himself have not made mistakes, he added. He did not elaborate, but said he understood Brownell was issuing a statement later today giving the complete facts on situations which have drawn Democratic criticism. The President flatly ruled out any negotiation with Prime Minister Churchill and Premier Laniel at Bermuda on red Chinese membership in the United Nations. The United States is firmly opposed to red membership in the United Nations so long as that country is at war with the U.N. in Korea, and otherwise, in the American view, acting in an unacceptable manner. The President was questioned about a meeting with Russia in a Big Four foreign ministers con ference. The Soviets have now proposed that such a meeting be held in Berlin to discuss world tensions. CAREFUL SCRUTINY He said this matter would have to hp stiiHipd vprv rarpfnllv j and discussed with the British and French. The United States has always been agreeable to a meeting under suitable conditions, Eisenhower said. He was asked whether he agreed with Dulles' statement that the big issue for negotiation with Russia is whether Moscow is willing to permit "any fresh breath of freedom" behind the Iron Curtain. Eisenhower replied there are many ways of expressing the idea and that he assumed Dulles must have meant the fundamental American principle of the right of the American people and all other people to have a government of their own choosing. The President said this was a matter on which he hoped the United States would be adamant Oakland Tribune, Wednesday, Dec. 1, 1953 E B Churchill Gale to TUCKER'S TOWN, Bermuda, Dec. 2. UFi Prime Minister Churchill rode out an Atlantic storm today and landed in Bermuda's sunshine for the Big Three conference opening Fri day. The British leader s strato- cruiser - Canopus breasted bitter gales along the route from Gander, Nfld., to Kindley Field Air Base here. British Overseas Airways, operators of the plane, said it changed route once but then got back on its regular course. It flew much of the way above 20,- 000 feet The plane landed at 12:31 p.m. EST. Churchill looked cheerful as he stepped from the plane with his 28-member party, in cluding Foreign Secretary An thony Eden. . 1 IKE, LANIEL DUE French Premier Daniel Laniel is expected tomorrow and Presi dent Eisenhower Friday. The President, according to an au thoritative source, hopes to win Dock Workers Return in N.Y. NEW YORK, Dec. 2. UP Longshoremen went back to work on the New York waterfront today after a one-day work stoppage led by opponents of a new law aimed at dock racketeering. Operations were reported normal on the "luxury liner" and other piers idled yesterday. "I think the honest longshoreman has won," commented a spokesman for the newly established New York-New Jersey waterfront commission. The hiring of longshoremen now is done through centers supervised by the commission as against the old system whereby union hiring bdsses decided who would work. The commission hires only those men to whom it has issued work permits. It has denied permits to those with serious criminal records among them a number of the old hiring bosses. There former bosses set up picket lines yesterday and the men with permits declined to cross through them. But this "last stand" against the commission and the bi-state legislation that set it up collapsed overnight. Louis Goldblatt Touted As Harry Bridges 'Brain' Louis Goldblatt, secretary- treasurer of the International Longshoremen's and Warehousemen's Union, has been described as the financial advisor to and the "brains behind" Harry Bridges, leader of Pacific Coast waterfront workers. He is recognized as the "heir apparent" if and when Bridges is forced to relinquish his control. i Yesterday, Louis Rosser, one-; time communist party leader in Los Angeles, named Goldblatt as a party member in testimony before the House Committee on Un-American Activities. PAMPHLETS WRITTEN Rosser said Goldblatt, under the name of Lew Miller, had written communist pamphlets and had drilled "goon squads" of Young Communists. Only three years ago, as a union official, Goldblatt signed the non-communist oath required under the Taft-Hartley Act. Therein he swore that he was not a member of the-eommunist party. Goldblatt, 42, has been a militant leader in waterfront disputes for the past 15 years. One report is that he was born in New York, of Russian immigrant parents. Another is that he is a native of Lithuania. He was graduated from the University of California at the age of 19. In 1933, at the age of 22, he was an unsuccessful candidate for the Berkeley City Council. Three years later he was handling publicity for the San Francisco waterfront strikers. REFINERY STRIKE In 1938 he appeared as a key figure in the sugar refinery strike at Crockett. The following year he was indicted for violating the Shasta County no-picketing ordinance in a labor dispute at Shasta Dam. At one time, Goldblatt was reported to have been a member of the State central committee of the communist party. He was a strong supporter of Henry Wallace, presidential candidate in 1948, and a backer of the Independent Progressive Party. Goldblatt was deported from England in 1949 on the accusation by British authorities that he was a "communist agitator." He had been attending a conference of maritime workers affiliated with the communist World Federation of Trade Unions in France, and crossed the channel to "study" London's dock strike. Officers from Scotland Yard met him as he got off the boat and sent him back to France. Early this year Goldblatt was Rides Bermuda France's ratification of the European army plan with an assurance the United States then would maintain its present "combat effectiveness" in Europe. Churchill at 79 is playing host to the conference and has expressed hope it will bring closer the lasting peace he has set up as the last goal of his crowded life. The British leader and his associates left London last night just before midnight, and spent an hour in Newfoundland early today for refueling and a check on the plane. The storm they ran into was the same that had hit Bermuda yesterday with the heaviest rainfall in history, ZVi inches within an hour. But today the sun was blazing here. WELCOMING THRONGS Thousands of islanders were at Kindley Field under lease to the United States through a wartime agreement. Others lined the roads leading from the field to the Mid-Ocean Club, site of the meeting beginning Friday. Churchill, whose principal aim is to sell Eisenhower and Laniel the idea that Russia might now agree to a "live and let live" policy between EaSt and West, appeared likely to run into an American roadblock in any attempt to concentrate initially on world problems in general. 1000,000 Quit Work in British Strike LONDON, Dec. 2. UR More than one million engineering workers today closed British auto and aircraft factories, shipyards and machine shops in a 24-hour token strike ..or more pay. It was Britain's biggest labor tieup since the general strike of 1926. LOS ANGELES, Dec. 2. An offer of striking United Auto Workers to submit their wage dispute with North American Aviation to arbitration has been rejected by the company. TOKYO, Dec. 2.- -(IP) Government railway traffic throughout Japan was in a state of semi-paralysis today as railway workers prepared for their third straight day of operational slowdowns. Louis Goldblatt secretary-treasurer of the ILWU. who was named as a communist by a Velde Committee witness. involved in the Hawaiian strike called in protest against the conviction of Jack Hall, union leader, as a communist. TRIAL WITNESS Only a few weeks ago, he was a witness in the income tax evasion trial of Vincent Hallinan, San Francisco attorney. Goldblatt was called to explain payments he made to Hallinan for the defense of Bridges when the latter was charged with perjury three years ago. Goldblatt had been secretary-treasurer of the . J3i luges uciciisc euiiiiiuuce. Goldblatt has frequently been j described as the "master mind" ihphinr. flriHcrps Ufhn has pen. erally fronted for waterfront union affairs. In 1950, when Australia-born Bridges was convicted of per jury-conspiracy, on charges he swore falsely, that he was not a : communist to obtain American citizenship, ' Goldblatt was tabbed as his successor as leader . of the ILWU. SHOPPING DAYS TO. CHRISTMAS 3

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